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Full text of "The plays of Philip Massinger : with notes, critical and explanatory"

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I      I 


^.^^•^"^ 


THE 


PLAYS 


OF 


PHILIP    MASSINGEK, 


NOTES  CRITICAL  AND  EXPLANATORY, 


By  WILLIAM  GIFFORD. 


HAUD  TAKEN  INTIDEA8  TOTA  QUBM   PULPITA  PASCUNT. 


THIRD    EDITION. 


LONDON: 

JOHN  TEMPLEMAN,  248,  REGENT  STREET, 
JOHN    RUSSELL   SMITH,   4,  OLD    COMPTON    STREET. 

MDCCCXL. 


TO  THB  RIGHT  HONOURABLK 

CHARLES    LONG, 

ONE  OF  THE  LORDS  OF  HIS  MAJESTY'S  TREASURY, 
THIS  BDITION 

OF 

THE  WORKS 

OF 

PHILIP    MASSINGER, 

18  INSCRIBED 
AS  A  SINCERE  TESTIMONY  OF  RESPECT  TO  HIS  PUBLIC  CHARACTER, 

AlID  OF 

ORATITUDE  FOR  MANY  ACTS  OF  FRIENDSHIP  AND  PERSONAL  KINDNESS, 

«r 

HIS  OBLIOBD  AND  FAITHFUL  SBRVANT, 

THE  EDITOR. 

Hay,  1805. 


P  R  B  F  A  C  M. 


The  present  Edition  of  this  admired  writer  has  been  published  with  a  design  of  meeting  the 
spirit  of  the  age  for  cheap  literature ;  and  its  triumphant  success  is  a  gratifying  proof  of 
the  manner  in  which  the  exertions  of  the  publishers  are  appreciated.  Previous  to  the 
appearance  of  this  volume,  the  public,  owing  to  the  scarcity  of  former  editions,  possessed 
but  a  slight  acquaintance  with  the  writings  of  Massinger,  and  that  derived  only  from  occa- 
sional notices  and  extracts  in  periodicals,  and  the  representation  of  ''  A  New  Way  to 
Pay  Old  Debts/'  the  only  one  of  his  Plays  still  acted  on  the  stage.  In  this  undertakings 
accuracy  of  text  and  good  critical  notes  were  deemed  indispensable ;  and  the  editor  had 
but  to  choose  between  the  gross  negligence  of  Coxeter^and  the  odious  vanity  of  Monk 
Mason,  on  the  one  hand,  and  the  carefully  and  accurately  edited  compilation  of  Mr.  Gifford, 
on  the  other.  Never  was  an  author  under  greater  obligations  to  an  editor,  than  is  Massinger 
to  Gifford.  It  is  true  his  works  had  already  appeared  in  a  collected  form  ;  but  the  bungling 
inaccuracies^  unwarrantable  interpolations,  and  absurd  commentaries,  which  disfigured 
these  editions,  had  rather  contributed  to  involve  the  author  in  still  deeper  obscurity, 
than  to  rescue  him  from  that  in  which  he  had  originally  slumbered. 

In  his  attempt  to  do  justice  to  his  favourite  poet,  Mr.  Gifibrd  had  many  difficulties  to 
contend  against,  and  no  hope  of  assbtance  from  the  labours  of  his  predecessors.  Of  a 
patient  and  vigorous  cast  of  mind,  his  unclouded  intellect  was  the  first  to  form  a  due  esti- 
mate of  the  manly  productions  of  this  author ;  he  sat  down  to  his  task  as  to  a  labour  of 
love*  and  after  careful  and  repeated  collations  of  the  text  with  the  original  editions,  suc- 
ceeded in  expunging  from  its  pages  a  mass  of  stupid  criticism  and  crude  innovations, 
such  as  never,  perhaps,  disfigured  the  works  of  any  other  author.  None  but  those 
who  are  acquainted  with  the  editions  referred  to,  can  fully  estimate  the  labours  of 
this  critic,  of  whose  admirable  qualifications  as  an  editor,  his  exertions  in  favour  of  this 
abused  poet  will  remain  a  lasting  monument.  He  has  been  justly  called  by  one  who 
was  himself  no  common  master  of  the  art,  *'  a  giant  in  literature,  in  criticism,  in  poli- 
tics, and  in  morals,  and  an  ornament  and  an  honour  to  his  country  and  the  age  in  which 
he  lived." 

But  for  him,  these  exquisite  dramas  would  be  as  little  known  to  us  as  the  institu- 
tions of  the  Chinese  ;  and   the  redaction  of  public  taste  in  favour  of  the  productions  of 


yiii  PREFACE. 


our  early  dramatists,  so  conspicuous  at  the  present  day,  received  its  first  impulse  from 
the  endeavours  of  the  translator  of  Juvenal,  and  the  champion  of  Jonson  and  Massinger. 
A  valuable  appendage  to  his  labours,  are  the  critical  observations  subjoined  to  each  Play, 
the  masterly  delineation  of  Massinger's  character,  and  the  general  criticism  on  his 
works,  furnished  by  Dr.  Ireland,  the  Dean  of  Westminster. 

There  is  something  interesting  in  the  consideration  of  this  literary  partnership ;  it 
reminds  us  of  the  old  days  of  Beaumont  and  Fletcher,  and  Fletcher  and  Massinger,  and 
Dekker  and  Greene ;  and  was  not  without  a  pleasing  effect  upon  the  feelings  of  the  two 
friends.  In  closing  his  preface  to  Jonson,  a  splendid  vindication  of  that  calumniated 
poet,  Gifford,  in  allusion  to  their  long  uninterrupted  friendship,  thus  writes,  **  With  what 
feelings  do  I  trace  the  words  of  the  Dean  of  Westminster.  Five  and  forty  springs  have 
passed  over  my  head  since  I  first  found  Dr.  Ireland,  some  years  my  junior,  m  our  httle 
school,  at  his  spelling-book.  During  this  long  period  our  friendship  ha^  been  without  a 
cloud,— my  delight  in  youth,  my  pride  and  consolation  in  old  age."  The  wiiter  of  these 
affectionate  lines  has  long  been  an  inhabitant  of  the  dark  and  narrow  house ;  he  died  on 
the  last  day  of  the  year  1826,  aged  70  ;  and  the  survivor,  for  whom  these  tender  senti-^ 
ments  were  expressed,  well  stricken  in  years,  is  fast  hastening  to  the  land  where  *'  the 
wicked  cease  from  troubling  and  the  weary  are  at  rest." 

In  Sir  Walter  Scott's  Diary  appears  the  following  admirable  character  of  Gifford  • 
**  As  a  commentator  he  was  capital,  could  he  but  have  suppressed  his  rancours  against 
those  who  had  preceded  him  in  the  task  ;  but  a  misconstruction  or  misinterpretation,  nay 
the  misplacing  of  a  comma,  was  in  Gifford's  eyes  a  crime  worthy  of  the  most  severe' 
animadversion.  This  lack  of  temper  probably  arose  from  indifferent  health ;  for  he  was 
very  valetudinary,  and  realised  two  verses,  wherein  he  says  Fortune  assigned  him — 

"  One  eye  not  over  good, 

Two  sides  that  to  their  cost  bare  stood 

A  ten  years'  hectic  coagb. 
Aches,  stitches,  all  the  rarious  ills 
That  swell  the  deyillsh  doctors'  bills 

And  sweep  poor  mortals  off." 

But  he  might  justly  claim,  as  his  gift,  the  moral  qualities  expressed  in  the  next  fine 
stanza — 


'A  soul 


That  spurns  the  crowds*  malign  control, 

A  firm  contempt  of  wrong ; 
Spirits  above  affliction's  power, 
And  skill  to  soothe  the  lingering  hour 

With  no  inglorious  song." 

The    rigour,  with  which  the    derelictions  of   his  predecessors   were  visited,  above 
alluded    to,  is  displayed  in  an  uncommon  degree  in  the  work  before  us;    and  four 


PREFACE. 


years  after  its  first  appearance  in  1805,  the  Edinburgh  Reviewers,"  losing  their  sense  of 
the  cciminars  guilt  in  dislike  of  the  savage  pleasure  which  the  executioner  seemed  to 
take  in  inflicting  the  punishment,"  appeared  as  the  champions  of  Monk  Mason  and 
Coxeter,  and  had  the  hardihood  to  attack  not  only  the  judgment  but  even  the  accuracy 
of  Gififord. 

In  his  second  edition  of  1 8 1 3,  the  abused  commentator  turned  upon  his  foes,  and  in  a  pre- 
face, powerful  and  energetic,  successfully  defended  himself  from  their  aspersions;  with  regard 
to  the  charge  of  inaccuracy,  he  justly  says, — **  I  did  not  expect  this.  I  will  take  upon  me 
to  assert,  that  a  more  perfect  text  of  an  old  poet  never  issued  from  the  English  press.  It 
I  was  revised  in  the  first  instance  with  a  care  of  which  there  is  scarcely  an  example ;  and  a 
subsequent  examination  enables  me  to  speak  with  a  degree  of  positiveness  on  the  subject, 
which  sets  all  fear  of  contradiction  at  defiance."  An  accusation,  such  as  the  above, 
could  only  have  been  made  by  those  who  had  never  looked  into  Coxeter  and  Monk 
Mason *s  editions,  or  had  never  consulted  the  old  copies.  From  internal  evidence,  it 
appears  that  all  that  these  reviewers  knew  of  Massinger  and  his  editors,  was  learned 
from  the  very  *•  Introduction"  whose  accuracy  they  pretended  to  impeach. 

It  has  been  the  fate  of  Massinger  to  have  been  generally  but  imperfectly  understood 
or  appreciated  by  the  lovers  of  the  Drama ;  while  to  Jonson,  and  Beaumont  and  Fletcher^ 
have  been  assigned  the  place  nearest  to  Shakspeare  in  the  scale  of  superiority,  he  has 
scarcely  ever  been  mentioned  but  as  a  writer  of  inferior  merit.     Although  far  from  con- 
curring in  the  opinion  of  GifFord,  which  would  reduce  Shakspeare  to  the  level  of  his 
contemporaries,  it  appears  to  us  that  singular  injustice  has  been  done  to  this  harmonious 
poet.     Hazlitt,  whose  genius  revelled  in  the  more  glowing  conceptions  of  the   Swan  of 
Avon,  has    pronounced    this  harsh  sentence  on   Massinger : — "  Massinger  makes  an 
impression  by  hardness  and  repulsiveness  of  manner.     In  the  intellectual  processes  which  I 
he  delights  to  describe,   '  reason    panders  will ;'  he  fixes    arbitrarily   on  some  object  ; 
which  there  is  no  motive  to  pursue,  or  every  motive  combined  against  it,  and  then,  by  | 
screwing  up  his  heroes  and  heroines  to  the  deliberate  and  blind  accomplishment  of  this,   | 
thinks  to  arrive  at   '  the  true  pathos  and  sublime  of  life.'     That  is  not  the  way.     He  ; 
seldom  touches  the  heart  or  kindles  the  fancy."     Did  Mr.  Hazlitt  forget  the  speech  of  I 
Sforza  before  the  Emperor  in   "  The  Duke  of  Milan,"  that  noble  picture  of  a  good  man  | 
buffetting  with  adversity;  or  the  pathos  of  "The  Fatal  Dowry;"  the  fine  character  of  ■ 
Pisander  in  "  The  Bondman ;"  the  interview  between  Don  John  Antonio,  disguised  as  a 
slave,  and  his  mistress,  in  "  A  Very  Woman  ;"  or  those  splendid  conceptions,  Luke  and   , 
Sir  Giles  Overreach,  in  "  The  City  Madam,"  and  "  A  New  Way  to  Pay  Old  Debts"  ?   I 
Our  respect  for  Hazlitt,  as  a  critic,  is  great ;  but  we  certainly  cannot  assent  to  his  low  < 
estimate  of  Massinger.     Schlegel,  who  bestows  so  much  elaborate  and  philosophical  criti-   I 
dsra  upon  his  contemporaries,  dismisses  the  merits  of  this  writer  in  a  few  lines,  conspicuous 
neither  for  justice  nor  an  intimate  acquaintance  with  the  writings  he  professes  to  criticize* 
The  late  Charles  Lamb  was  one  of  the  first  to  direct  the  public  attention  to  the  works  of 
this  and  other  of  our  neglected  dramatists ;  and  it  has  been  admirably  observed  by  a  late 
writer  in  the  "  Quarterly  Review,"  that  Lamb's  Essays  and  Gifford's  editions  have  most 
powerfully  contributed  to  disseminate  a  kno-^^ledge  of  the  manly  and  vigorous  writers  of  the 


PREFACE. 


Elizabethan  age.  In  the  year  1786  an  elegant  essay  on  the  dramatic  writings  of  Mas- 
•inger  by  Dr.  Ferriar,  appeared  in  the  third  volume  of  the  "  Manchester  Transactions," 
and  was  afterwards,  with  permission  of  the  author,  reprinted  by  Gifford  at  the  close  of  his 
mtroduction.  In  this  pleasing  performance  the  plays  of  Massinger  are  philosophically 
analysed ;  and  the  cause  of  the  general  neglect  of  our  old  dramatists  is  ingeniously  attri- 
buted to  their  too  frequent  delineation  of  perishable  manners. 

In  his  closing  notice  of  Massinger,  Dr.  Ireland  feelingly  observes,  *'  It  is  truly  sur- 
prising that  the  genius  which  produced  these  Plays  should  have  obtained  so  little  notice 
from  the  world  ;"  and  Hallam,  the  critic  who  next  to  Gifford  displays  the  most  profound 
'  knowledge  of  his  writings,  and  the  fullest  appreciation  of  his  genius,  does  not  hesitate  to 
!  place  him  as  a  tragic  writer  second  only  to  Shakspeare,  and  in  the  lighter  comedy  scarcely 

inferior  to  Jonson.   Any  comparison  of  Massinger  to  Shakspeare  would  be  invidious ;  but    j 
i  though  second  to  that  great  writer  in  the  vastness  and  variety  of  his  conceptions,  he  may 
I  certainly  take  the  lead  of  those  who  have  hitherto  been  considered  his  superiors.  His  in- 
'  vention  is  as  fertile,  and  his  management  of  his  plots  as  ingenious,  as  those  of  Beaumont  and 
Fletcher;  while  the  poetry  of  his  language,  the  knowledge  of  human  nature,  and  the  fine 
'  development  of  the  passions  displayed  in  his  Tragedies,  can  only  be  surpassed  by  the  great 
master  himself.     By  Ben  Jonson  he  is  excelled  in  the  studied  exactness  and  classical 
polish  of  his  style ;  but  in  the  freezing  coldness  of  this  writer  he  is  deficient.     The  charm 
,  of  his  Plays  consists  in  the  versatility  of  his  imagination,  and  the  fine  bursts  of  pathos 
I  which  embellish  his  tender  scenes.     In  his  female  characters  he  is  particularly  happy ; 
I  and  while  proclaiming  our  veneration  for  Juliet,  Desdemona,   or   Cordelia,  we  should 
not  heedlessly   overlook  the   graces  of  Dorothea*,    Theocrinef,  Matilda|,    Camiola§,    | 
and  Pulcheria||. 

Massinger  was  the  last  of  his  tribe — ultimus  Romanorum.     With  him  expired  the  dra-    ' 
matic  genius  of  this  country.     In  the  anarchy  which  followed  the  outbreak  of  the  civil 
war,  the  stage  was  neglected,  and  the  emasculated  school  of  dramatic  poetry,  subse- 
quently founded  by  Dryden  and  his  followers,  can   never  bear  comparison  with  the    ' 
productions  of  the  vigorous  intellects  of  the  Elizabethan  era.     Since  that  period  many 
unsuccessful  attempts  have  been  made  to  revive  the  drama ;  and  though  many  have 
appeared  bearing  an    outward  resemblance  to  our  old  plays,  yet  that  true  dramatic 
essence,  which  can  only  flourish  in  a  soil  uncomipted  by  ultra  refinement,  is  evidently    j 
wanting.  I 

*  ViripQ  Martyr,    f  Unnatural  Combat,    t  Basbful  Lover.    $  Maid  of  Honour.    H  Emperor  of  the  Eaat 


INTRODUCTION, 


Fnttr  Hauinoir,  the  lotlior  of  the  following 
riirc,  vrna  bora  in  the  veiir  \bS4,  Of  his  mother 
nothiDfi^  is  koown  ^  but  hia  father  was  Arthur  iSIat- 
\^m§vt*f  1  geutknaan  attached  to  the  fa  mil  7  of 
lliviirj  leoood  £arl  of  Pembroke :  **  Many  jears/* 
T«Bf«  the  potrt,  to  his  deteeadant,  Philip  Earl  of 
Mont^omerj,  "my  father  spent  in  the  service  of 
your  honourable  boase.  and  died  a  servant  to  it. " 
The  whters  of  Massisger  s  life  have  thought  it 
sesaary  to  obterro  in  this  place,  that  the  word 
TSAt  carries  with  it  no  sende  of  degradation. 
Tbii  rvqiiirB«no  proof:  at  a  ptsnod  when  the  great 
lord*  and  officen  of  the  court  numbered  inferior 
Doblas  anioog  their  followers,  we  may  be  con  fid  en  t 
that  oettber  the  oaine  nor  the  situation  was  looked 
VpOO  as  htiiniljating.  Maoj  considerations  united  to 
fimdtr  thu  state  of  dependaoce  respectable,  and 
•f «n  honourable.  1  he  aecretaries,  clerks,  and  assist* 
Miti.  of  rsrioos  departmeots,  were  not  then,  aa  now, 
BOAinated  by  the  Government;  but  left  to  the 
fbolee  of  the  person  who  held  the  employment  -, 
med  tm  no  particular  dwe]lmg  was  officially  set 

nfor  ibeu  residence,  they  were  entertained  in 
(HUC  af  their  principal. 
Tliat  communicatioo,  Loo,  between  Qohlemen  of 
power  and  trust,  both  of  a  public  and  private  nature, 
which  la  now  oomtuitted  to  the  post,  wss^  in  those 
dava,  managed  by  confidentiul  servants,  who  were 
dispalcbed  froni  one  to  the  other,  and  even  to  the 
•oTeretgat:    when  to  this  we  add  the  uaboitnded 


•  illf/i9f%ft  fraw  Arfhar  UtttMHrt^,]  •'  I  cnnnut  gne'n/* 
D«4t«*  Mi>f* '^lyofti  wb«t  tniur  milt  ton  OII()y»«  in  hl»  iiiittiii' 
at*ipt  m«Hir»  iU»  L»nig,bmijnn,  give*  tlir  ChriMiAa  usiive  of 
4irfJMr  10  MMmimarf'9  f»lli«rt  nor  wbv  ht  ehuulil  rrproach 
Wci«4  lor  «iUl«f  Moi  PTilUfi ;  •! 


i||»co    M<iMinm*r   liiiiim  II.   Ill 
..I     VI. .,,1- 


cJi- 


TVi*  ftvMmiMirf  olMrrvAlloii  iiigrifi  but  111   fur  the  secN- 

faej  "t  iiii:.ii!  tp..J5,.^»    UI1I1.   «lii.  %^  !•  <  srrv  careful  ttrriler, 

mai  1 1  ■  Djtviei  uevur 

§int  I  i'Uii|i»;  iHtk  tliat  it  tiul  iK^ 

eel  J  hUK  a*  well  >■  the  VUy  it- 

f  4»  iii*utui*  '  wltb  iT9pect  to  M«»»inc«r*i 

lUUrr,  wle  «** il>  EllK«brth :  "  Mr.  MftMtui;«r 

(i  IHF^H  M-inr-    .  I   -r    rtinbfuk.'   viilh  IrlttT? 

ftft  V'  V  ihit  St. 

O**-'  -  lie  I[w4r«r 

of  !•  I  -        :.,   pfrhapi 
iutyn^t*m,  umUI,  M   I>AvU.«  ju«Ul>  utittcr\£t|   bene 


State  and  grandeur  which  the  great  men  of  Elisa* 
beth's  days  assumed  on  a  variety  of  occasions,  we 
may  form  some  idea  of  the  nature  of  those  services 
discharged  by  men  of  birth  and  fortune,  and  the 
manner  in  which  such  numbers  of  them  were  eni' 
ployed. 

Maasinger  was  bom,  «s  all  tie  writers  of  Lis  life 
agree,  at  Saltsboryt  probably  at  Wilton,  the  seat  of 
the  Earl  of  Pembroke,  in  whose  family  he  appears 
to  hare  been  educated,  Wben  he  rencbed  his  six- 
teenth year,  he  sustained  an  irreparable  loss  in  the 
death  of  that  worthy  nob!«-mEiM*^  who,  from  attach' 
ment  to  the  father,  would,  not  improbably,  have 
extended  his  powerful  patronage  to  tbw  young  poet. 
He  was  succeeded  in  his  titles  and  estates  by  his 
son  William,  tlie  third  Karl  of  Pembroke ;  one  of  the 
brightest  cbaractera  that  adorned  the  court  of  Eliza- 
beth and  James,  *' He  was,"  says  Wood,  "not 
only  n  great  favourer  of  learned  and  ingenious  men, 
but  was  htmielf  learned,  and  endowed  to  admiration 
with  a  poetical  geny,  aa  by  those  amorous  and 
poetical  aires  iptl  poems  of  hia  composition  doth 
evidently  appear  ;  some  of  which  had  musical  notes 
set  to  ttiotn  by  Hen.  Lawes  and  JSich.  Laoeare," 
Alh.  I.  :rht. 

Massinger's  fatl»er  continued  in  the  service  of 
this  nobleman  till  his  de-ath.  It  is  not  possible  to 
iiHcertoin  the  precise  period  at  which  tins  took  place, 
but  it  WiLS  not  later,  perhaps,  than  lt306  :  in  the 
interim  he  Imd  bestowed^  aa  Laogbaine  says,  a 
libera}  education  on  hia  eon,  and  seat  him  to  the 
University  of  Oxford,  where  he  became  a  com- 
moner of  St.  Alban's  Halt  (160'^),  in  the  eighteenth 
year  of  hb  age,  W^ood's  account  varies  trom  this 
in  several  particulars,  lie  says,  he  was  entered 
at  St.  Alban'a  Hall  in  IdOl,  when  he  was  in  hit 
seventeenth  year,  ond  supported  tliere,  not  by  hia 
^tber,   hut  the  £arl  of  Pembroke,     Antony    had 


Diean  penon :  Air  do  moaanJi  ever  cxncitA  fnita  Ibc  eobi- 
tlly  In  Kcnvrati  sad  the  fiOJicen  of  »uiv  iu  punlcuiu,  •  more 
t\^k\  «tu1   •cfHp'iiWoa  ooffipUaiice  to  ttateJ  order,  lb4a  ihJs 

*  Heath  tif  that  vmfkf  moMeman.]    ThJa  twik  plscc  on 
Uie  hiib  ot  JinMury,  1601.     It  is  tmpoi»lb1«  to  ipcak  or  bim 
wktIi'Mit  meiitiiinliigr  at   the  •anic  time,  that   be  wit  tliv  bui- 
bdiul  of  Sir  iMiilip  Si^lnty'i titter,  tW  all-accotiipLUbed  Lsdf 
tor  wboiD  Ji>ii»<4.>ii  wruttf  the  cc-libratrd  epitaph; 
**  1,'iiflerDr'alli  tlu«i  inarble  herfe, 
Lie  I  Ihc  »nbject  nf  all  veru, 
BJidn«y'*  titter,  Pembroke'*  nioihtrrj 
D'cath,  Rr«  thou  batt  stiiln  niioibL-r, 
Lcarti'i),  and  fair,  aivd  g*^  ai  *be, 
Tlin*  *hiU  tkrow  a  dart  at  Ctefu" 


ixiaay  opportuDm^e  for  tscertBiiting  theae  tmin,  if  he 
bad  deBir<*<i  to  amil  liims«lf  of  th«in»  and  therefor* 
Dariefl  inclines  to  liia  authoritv.  The  seeming  dif- 
feren?©,  be  iidds.  bertwecn  ibe  two  period  §  resi>oct* 
irely  masigned  for  Ma<i.iiingt<r'9  malriculAfioa,  mny 
be  eatit^  recmcilfd,  for  the  year  then  began  and 
ended  according  to  dmi  mode  which  took  place  be- 
fore the  alteration  of  the  style.  1 1  is  aetdom  safe 
to  apeak  hv  guess,  and  Da  vies  had  no  autboritj  for 
his  inf^nfous  solution  ;  i^kich  ufifortunately  will 
not  Apply  in  the  prraeut  case.  The  tBerooraoduixi 
of  Maisinger's  entrance  now  lies  before  me,  and 
proves  Wood  to  be  incorrect;  it  i$  dated  May  14, 
I6(>t\  tJow  he  came  to  mitilake  io  a  matter  where 
it  required  so  liltle  pains  to  be  accurate^  is  ttiffioult 
to  aay. 

Lau^bfline  and  Wood  agree  1q  the  time  MasMn^eT 
spent  at  Oxford,  hut  differ  as  to  the  objects  of  hie 
pursuit.  The  fbrmer  ohHerves,  that  during  his 
residence  there  he  appHed  himself  closely  to  his 
studies  ;  while  the  latter  iiTites,  that  he  '♦  ga^e  his 
m'md  more  to  poetry  and  romances  for  about  four  jeare 
or  more,  than  to  lo^icaud  philosophj,  which  h* ought 
10  httit  done,  as  be  was  patronized  to  that  end/* 
What  ideai  this  tasteless  but  uaeful  drudge  hart  of 
logic  and  philosophy  it  may  be  vain  to  enquire »  hut, 
with  T»»9j>ect  to  the  first,  I^taaiiinger'a  reasoning  will 
not  be  found  de^cient  either  in  method  or  effeet ; 
and  it  mig^bt  ea%iily  bfi  proved  that  he  was  no  meuQ 
prolicioDl  in  philosophy  of  the  noblest  kind ;  ihe 
truth  is,  that  he  must  have  applied  himself  to  study 
frith  uncommon  energy  j  for  his  literary  act^u'isitiona 
■I  this  ^arly  period  Appear  to  be  multtfarioua  and 
eateusive. 

From  the  account  of  Wood,  however,  DaTies 
concludes  that  the  Earl  of  Pembroke  was  offended 
at  this  misapplication  of  his  time  to  the  auiierficial 
but  allunng  pursuits  of  poetry  and  romance,  ond 
therefore  withdrew  his  support,  which  compelled 
the  young  man  to  quit  the  University  without  a  do- 
gree-j  *'  for  which/'  adds  he,  "  attention  to  logic  tud 
philosophy  waa  absotutfely  necessary ;  as  the  eandl- 
date  for  that  honour  must  pass  through  an  examitia- 
tioQ  in  both,  before  be  can  obtain  h.  Dam  te  pata 
dn  av^ugUt,  sava  the  proverb,  Ui  tiorgnet  iont  rmt : 
and  Daries,  who  apparently  had  not  tht^ae  vatuublu 
acquisitions,  entertained  probably  a  vai^t  idea  of 
their  mngnitude  and  importance,  A  ihorter  period, 
however,  tbtiu  four  yours,  would  be  found  ojnply 
auflicient  to  furnish  even  un  ordinary  mind  wirb 
enough  of  school  logic  and  pbilosupliy*  lu  puss  the 
i-'xainiuatian  fur  a  bacholor's  degree;  and  1  nm, 
therefore,  unwillmg  to  believe  that  Mas&inger 
mi^aed  it  on  the  score  of  incapacity  iu  tht*ae  notable 
arts. 

However  this  may  be,  he  certainly  leil  the  Uni- 
versity abruptly ;  nolj  1  appfehend,  on  account  of 
the  Karl  of  Pembroke  withholdini^  hia  assistance^  for 
U  does  not  appear  that  he  ever  aflorded  any*  but  of  a 
much  more  calamitous  event,  the  death  of  his  ftk* 
tber  i  from  whom,  I  incline  to  think  with  Lang* 
baine,  hia  sole  support  was  derived. 

Why  the  Earl  of  Pembroke,  the  liberal  friend 
and  protector  of  literature  in  all  its  braocheaf,  ne- 


t  To    Vy. 


"piitlcmaii :  "  rhilip  Mm- 

.>nniier   Ijrother   Pbtlip) 
^jii  cdi^oD  of  ShAkipcarc't 


glected  a  younjE^  man  to  whom  bis  assistance  ^as  so 
opcesaary,  and  who,  from  the  acknowledged  {services 
of  his  father,  had  so  many  and  just  claims  on  it ; 
too,  who  would  have  done  bia  patron ag**  such  sing 
houour,  I  have  no  means  of  ascertaining  ;  that  hei 
never  indebted  to  it  ig,  I  fear,  indisputable,  since  the 
poet,  of  whose  character  gratitude  forms  a  striking 
part,  while  he  recurs  perpetually  to  bi:!i  berediCiiry 
obligatiooa  to  the  Herbert  family,  aniiuusly  avoids 
all  mention  of  his  name.  I  somerimcs,  indeed, 
imagine  that  I  have  discovered  the  cause  of  thii 
alienation,  hut  cannot  flatter  myself  that  it  will  bo 
very  generally  or  evt n  partially  allowed:  not  to 
keep  the  reader  in  suffpense,  1  attribute  it  to  the 
poet's  having,  during  hi.i  residence  at  the  L'uiver* 
eity.  exchanged  the  religion  of  hia  father,  for  one, 
at  this  time  the  object  of  persecution,  hatred,  and 
terror.  A  close  and  repeated  peruaai  of  Mna^inger'a 
woiks  has  convinced  me  that  he  was  a  CalliolJc 
••The  Virgin -Martyr,*"  "Ibe  Renegade,'*  "The 
Maid  of  IJonour,*'  exhibit  innumerable  proofs  of  it| 
to  say  nothing  of  those  casual  intimations  that  are 
scattered  over  bis  remaining  dramas  :  n  consciousness 
of  this  mij^ht  prevent  htm  from  applying;  to  the  Earl 
of  Pembroke  for  asiistance,  or  a  kuowJrdge  of  it 
might  determine  that  ooblt»moo  to  vrithhold  bis 
hand  :  for  it  is  didicult  to  believe  th^it  bin  displea- 
sure (if  he  really  entertained  any)  could  arise  from 
Massinger's  attachment  to  an  art  of  which  he  and 
his  brother*  were  univer«ally  considered  as  the 
patrons,  and  which,  indeed,  he  himst»If  rullivatcd, 
with  a<^aiduity  at  least,  if  not  with  ancces&t. 

However  this  be.  the  period  of  Masain^jcr'a  mis- 
fortunes commtncod  with  his  arrival  in  London* 
His  fulher  had  probkibly  applied  most  of  bis  property 
to  the  education  of  his  son  ;  and  whr^n  the  amall 
remainiler  was  exhausted,  he  was  driven  (as  he 
more  than  once  observes)  by  his  ncoessitii**,  and 
some w hut  inclined,  [>erhaps,  by  the  pecutiur  brnt  of 
his  talenU^  to  dedicate  hioi^el/  to  tiie  service  of  the 
stage. 

This  expedient,  though  not  the  most  prudent, 
nor,  indeed,  tlie  most  encouraging  to  &  young  ad- 
venturer, was  not  altogether  hDpci'lr"iS.  JMun  who 
will  ev'er  bo  considered  as  the  pride  and  boaat  of 
their  couniry,  Shttkspeare,  Johnson,  and  Fletcher^ 
were  solely,  or  in  a  considerable  degree,  deriendeo  ton 
it :  nor  were  there  others  wanting  of  an  inferior  rank, 
such  as  Rowley,  Middleton,  Field,  Decker,  Shirley, 
atid  Ford  ;  writers  to  whom  MnRsinger^  without 
liny  mipeiubmput  of  his  modesty,  might  consider 
hiuiselt  aa  fully  et^ual,  who  ttubsisted  ou  the  emolu- 
meats  derived  from  dramatic  wntiog.     There  wh^ 


Pl«jr*;  tt»  Khiii  nUo,  Juiituri  ln5cnbi.()  )m  E|jieriii7i«,  '*«i»  ihr 
cre^t  exum^itc  m  liouutir  unti  vhtue,*'  Jin  ifit-.i  ou  wlikh  liw 
t'Oturged  lu  oiif  or  hU  mini  if  pn«iii>.  fi  i*  LvinUor  th«l  I 
^u*  (tUle  cuitUiitUy  t)<t*^«fii  Juu»or^  uiiiLoiir  Aiitbur; 
fuiiiicr  cuuld  bear  iiu  rival  ru'iii  i1>i'  ihionc : 

•— —  HHttquam  partitur  am^t^uw, 

Xofn4  hn  (ffl  ; 
yft  If  wunM  be  »jnl«i't  to  *etM*i' 
itoltf-  ^*  -■' '   --■  '"  ■"•■-  - 


•    I 

W»*     <U-U.    -M     ,,,     -. 

f    lu  loot)    M49 

puelicjil  «Lr«  uihI    > 
iille:  Poem9  H-rUu.;     ;, 
frnftny   q/  ir/ticA  ar«nnii'!- 
Bmj.  Uudtfttrti,  ti'Hh  i)i>.' 
tiOHaUl/  oHii  apart.*'     Ailn. 


frvf>ii  to  vntpeei  Mm  of 

-     '    ''  f^r^'l  rnriid,  OO  OQ 
M«;1rlicr*»  PUys 

raUvt  Urtl*    flf     "  Jtinotti 

w«hnI  tiiit  iiA,  "vtita i 

'>   '' '.    r.  .,•■.    ■■!    rrjMirf**,    bff  i!Wr 
/'• '.    r:\  'i    6^  (htm  ecvtS' 


Ai 


IfrJTRODUCTION. 


if 


iUo  •otDtfthing  to  tempt  tbe  ambitJon.  or,  iT  it  most 
jb*  BO»  lb«  vntiiry,  of  a  yoang  adventurer  m  this  pur- 
utt :  liu^rature  wm  tbe  folf»  zDeans  by  wbicb  a  per- 
mrdisuoguisbed    hj  birtb   and  fortaoe  couId» 
tihii  ttBMF,  hope   to  •oquifQ   tbe   fKiitilimrity,   or 
ilMl^  frieodshipf  of  tbe  great ;  aud   of  all  its 


a<oiii«  wat  so   faToumbly  rfcetfedj,  or  ao 

fi^*n}It  encouraged,  aa  that  of  the  drama.      Tilta 
•ad   cmiroaioeiita,  the    boiateroua    but  magaificeat 
of  tbe  eourt,  together  with  pageant- 
I  pfoc^askma,  tbe  absurd  and  costly  mum- 
of  the   city,  were    rapidly  giving   way  to 
•lagant    and    mtionul   amua«m«nts.    to    re- 
vets,  Bsaaka.    and    plays  r    oor    were     the    tatter 
naeiely  eaeounij^ed  by  tbe  presence  of  the  nobility  ; 
th*  writara  of  them  were  adopted  into  the  number 
irf'tbftir  arqoaiotance,  and  made  at  once  the  objects 
irf  flieir   bounty  and   esteem.      It  is  f^raiifying  to 
obaerre  bow    the  names   of  Shakspeare,   jonsonp 
&Cr  ara  €ome    down  to  us   in     connection  with 
j  dif  SidD«ya«  the  Pembrokea,  tbe  Southaroptona,  and 
|k#eb«r  great  and  splendid  oroamenta  of  the  courta  of 
B^sabctb  and  James. 

ff  ConaidaraCioas  of  tbia  or  a  similar  kind  may  na- 
tef«llT  ba  soppofled  to  have  bad  their  weight  with 
Maiiinp  i  ^  aa  with  so  many  others  :  but  wh.'itever 
WM  lb*  ttoCiTe,  Wood  informs  us»  that  *'  heing 
MlfieicDtlY  fiuned  for  Bevera]  apecimena  of  wit,  he 
baUM^k  btmaalf  to  making  plays.**  Of  what 
dcaeriptbo  tbese  specimetis  were,  Antony  doBB  not 
jbf  probably  spoke  without  much  examinatiou 
aobject  for  wbieb  be  had  little  relUb  or  soU- 
_  ;  and.  indeed,  it  seams  more  reasonable  to 
Inda,  from  tbe  peculiar  nature  of  Massinger's 
kCa,  that  the  drama  was  bis  first  and  sole  pur- 

It  must  appear  sin^lar,  after  wlist  has  been  ob- 
•crretl,  that  with  only  one  exception  we  should  hear 
DOtbiof^  of  !VIa««ioger  for  the  long  period  of  sixteeti 
y«arc.  that  is,  from  bis  first  appearance  in  London, 
ji^ip^  to  I62it  when  his  "Virgin  Alartjr,"  the  first 
uf  fiia  printed  worka,  was  given  to  the  pubMo. 
Ihrnt  bia  tMeeasitiea would  not  admit  of  relnxation  in 
kkm  mSertm  for  subalateoce,  ia  certaia  ;  and  we  have 
€f  a  contemporary  poet,  as  preserred 
I,  for  tbe  rapidity  with  which  he  usually 

BbalEaspMre,  Maasinger^  that  knows 
V  of  plol,  to  write  in  verse  and  prose, 
Pegaaua  will  amble  o'er 

liles  of  fancy  in  a  hour." 

Tbe  baal  solution  of  the  difficulty  which  occurs 
l»»e,ls»tbat  tba  poet's  modenty,  c^^tmhined  with 
tSm  m^ivaey  of  his  wnnta,  detem^d  him,  at  firstj 
h%m  MMfliptJQg  to  write  alone  :  and  that  be,  tfaere- 
Isf*.  IsKt  bia  aasistince  to  others  of  a  more  con- 
iilail  mtitition,  who  could  depend  on  a  ready 
aanl  Ibr  tbfiir  joint  productionSr  When  men  labour 
for  iba  dttnaoda  of  tbe  day,  it  is  imprudent  to  leare 
lo  baaard  ;  aocb  cartaioly  was  tba  case  with 


tfjLT  Attton  Cockayne,  the  affectionate  friend  and 
paetJtm  of  our  author,  printed  a  collt^ction  of,  whnt 
Wm  m  pleased  to  call.  Poems,  Epigrams,  hc^  m 
1656.  Among  tbese,  is  one  addrrssed  to  llum^ 
Moftalay«  the  publisher  of  Beaumont  and 
T  ia  ffOio : 
-J  the  larya  book  of  plsTs  you  late  did  print 
1ft  Beeamoiit  and  in  Fletcher's  name,  wby  in't 


Did  you  not  justice  give ;   to  each  bis  dao  i 
For  (ieiiumont  of  those  nmny  writ  but  few : 
And  Mauhtger  in  other  few;  the  main 
JBeing  sweet  issues  of  sweet  Fletcher's  brain. 
But  how  came  I,  you  ask,  so  much  to  know  T 
Fletcher's  chief  bosom  friend  informed  me  so/' 

Davies,  for  what  reason  I  onnnot  discover^  se^ma 
ioctined  to  dispute  that  part  of  tlie  assertion  which 
relates  to  Massinger  :  be  calls  tt  Tsgue  and  hearsay 
evidence,  and  adds,  with  sufficient  want  of  preci- 
sion, "  Sir  Aston  was  well  acquainted  with  Mas* 
singer,  who  would,  in  nil  probubility,  have  coin* 
municuted  to  his  friend  a  circumstance  so  honourable 
to  himself."  There  can  he  no  doubt  of  it;  and  we 
may  be  cnnfideDt  that  the  infomiaiion  t/td  come  from 
him;  hut  Mr.  Dovies  mistakes  tbe  drift  of  Sir 
Aston's  expostulation :  the  fact  was  notorious,  that 
Beaumont  and  Massinger  bad  written  iti  conjunction 
with  Fletclier ;  what  he  complains  of  is,  that  the 
main,  the  bulk  of  tbe  book,  should  not  be  attributed 
to  tbe  latter,  by  whom  it  was  undoubtHdly  composed, 
Beaiumont  died  in  16l5,  and  Fletcher  produced  in 
the  iuteri^al  between  tbat  year  ond  tbe  period  of  his 
own  dt^atb  (lOS.'^),  between  thirty  and  forty  plays: 
it  is  not,  therefore^  unreasooable  to  suppose  that  be 
was  aasiated  io  ajtw  of  them  by  Massinger,  as  Sir 
Aston  affirms :  it  happens,  howerer,  that  tbe  fact 
doots  not  mst  solely  on  his  testimony  ;  for  we  can 
produce  a  melancholy  proof  of  it,  from  an  authentic 
voucher,  which  the  enquiries  set  on  foot  by  tbe  un- 
wearied assiduity  of  Mr.  Malone  have  occasioned 
to  be  dragged  from  the  dust  of  Dulwich  College: 

"  To  our  most  loving  friend,  Mr.  Philip  Hiacblow« 
esquire,  These, 
"  Mr.  Hi nc blow, 
"  You  understand  otir  unfortunate  extremitie,  and 
I  doe  not  tliincke  you  so  void    of  Cri^tiDniiie  but 
that   you  would    throw   so  much   money  into   the 
Thames  as  wee  request  now  of  you,  rather  than  en- 
daoger  so  many  innocent  lives.     You  know  there  is 
xi.  more  at  least  to  be  receaved  of  you  for  the  play. 
We  deaire  you  to  lend  us  v/,  of  that ;  which  shall 
be  allowed   to  you,  without   which  we   cannot  be 
bayled,  nor  I  f) /ay  any   mart   till   this   be  dispatch 'd. 
It  will  lose  vou  XX ^  ere  tbe  end  of  the  next  weeke, 
besides  the  litnderance  of  tbe  next  new  play*     Pray, 
air,  consider  our  cases  witb  humanity,  and  now  give 
us  cause  to  acknowledge  you  our  true  friend  in  time 
of  oeede.     Wee  hare  entreated  Mr.  Davison  to  de- 
liver tbia  note,  as  well  to  witnots  your  love  aa  oor 
promisea,  and  atwayea  acknowled|^ement  to  be  ever 
*'  Your  most  tbanckfuU  and  loviog  friends, 
*'  Nat  FiJSLn*" 

"Tba  money  shall  be  abated  out  of  the  money 
remayns  for  f/«  piai^  of  Mr.  FUtcher  and  oun, 

"  Rob.  DADonNE*." 

"  I  have  ever  found  you  a  true  loving  friend  lo 
mee,  and  in  aoe  amall  a  suite,  it  beeinge  honest,  1 
hope  you  will  not  fail  us. 

"  Philip  Massikoxk  " 


•  Ufbtrt  I>*Uiriti!  It  ili*aiillM>roflw*>  ?»•>»,"  The  ChriHUa 
Ttirnvtl  Tntkt"  4li>,  (613,  and  "The  Pour  M^n'*  Comfwirt/'  4to, 
mny  He  WHS  a  ttentltinAD  of  b  liberal  «<l«Mtii>rj,  m4»lt  r  ut 
ji«»,  «iMi  io  hoiyonler*.  His  huinbk  forlanci  ^ppc^r  to  have 
t«»Hrov«J  after  Uiks  period,  for  Ibere  h  extmt  a  •ermoa 
pn^Ailitfl  by  dim  Hi  W*!crtiud  lu  Irrland^  li5 Iti,  where  lite 
«nilMM*  fif  flic  '*  BlogripUia  I>r«iiiutk«"  itiiuk  it  pi  liable  that 
he  hafls  Uvldg. 


MXt 


INTRODUCTION. 


*'  Indaned : 
*'  Received    by   mee    Robert    D«viioii,  ot   Mr. 
lltQctilow,  for  the  ua«  of  Mr,  Daboerue,  Mr.  TeM, 
Mr.  MeaMo^er,  Uio  lum  of  vL 

*'R0B.DAri!»0K«/' 

Thu  letter  trip«rttte,  whicb  it  ia  impostible  to 
ntd  witbout  ibe  most  poignant  regret  at  tbeUUtress 
of  eucb  men,  fully  establuhts  tbe  partnpTAhtp 
between  Maaainger  and  Fletcher,  wbo  must,  indeed, 
bare  bad  oontiderabLe  asaiitanco  to  ennble  him  to 
taring  forward  tb«  numeroua  plays  attributed  to  bis 
name. 

We  con  now  account  for  a  part  of  Ihe  time  wbicb 
Maaiinger  fp«Qt  in  London  before  im  appearance 
in  print  as  a  profeaaed  vrriter  for  the  atoge :  but  tbts 
ia  not  all.  Among  the  manuscript  playa  collected 
with  auch  care  by  Mr.  Warburton  (Somerset  He- 
rald) and  applied  with  aucb  persevemnce  by  his 
cook  to  the  covering  of  bia  pies,  were  no  leas  than 
iwelre  aaid  to  be  written  by  IVIasaingert ;  and 
though  it  is  now  made  probable  that  two  of  the 
number  do  not  belong  to  him,  yet  scattered  notioesi 
of  others  which  assuredly  do,  prove  that  be  was  not 
inactive* 


•  AddiHont  la  Matom't  HiMtorkul  Account  ^th§  Kng- 

t  Nobfu  than  rwtfto»»  &&]   Their  tlllct.  «ssivcn  by  Mr. 
Warlnirtoii.  are — 

Mimfrvo'B  JtacrijSce, 

itwISMid  ami  Vafia, 
Th*  ITtffiMM't  Pt0t. 
Th9  T'prant, 
PhiUn*0  tutd  Bippotim- 
The  Judge. 

Beiifp*  n§gou  LUt. 
Thr  fivnaur  t^f  Womvn* 

Tke  Sable  Chuic*.    Ai»*t, 

The  Parliatatni  of  Lope, 
Whrtt  it  Ii  «cid«d  th^i,  to^iibvr  with  llic»*,  forly  other 
mAunaciipt  pla>a  f>f  VAttou»  miMixr*  ^i'%*  (Jc»trny«(t,  U  wUI 
iftfiUly  be  iillowcd  that  Enj^lii^h  litomlarv  hu  »eMum  vm- 
twihctt  a  greater  low  tti«D  t>)  tbe  ilranj^e  ciinducl  of  Mr, 
Wiubiinoti^  wbO|  Ix'cotiiing  the  ma»tor  of  tftftioref  nliicb 
a»f*  itiqy  not  re  protface,  /o(//v«  Mffm»  nt.  he  !«}  «,  m  ih«  hand* 
tffam  ignorant  mrvant.  ^lut  wh+n,  *fifT  n  Upte  of  >'v>n.  he 
(xknd[i»«f#iv1«  to  rt-vinii  hi&  bi-aiiJA,  iioda  that  thej  have  been 

bi-  -  >  ■' n  eco'iiomjical  wiih  to  A«ve  btm  tbn-  charge'*   of 

*<  liriotvu  p«per(     It   U  lime  to  bring  od  »ht,ire 

f  I  if»E  pai»cn|;cr|  In  Locher't  '*  Navti  otnllifen/* 

«u^h  i><.ii4ni^v  Jaun  for  one  roore  uiluhle  to  tbe  rc*t  vf  the 


cam. 
Tardi 


ninly.  however,  «■  Mr.  W«rhiirt«n  w»».  It  Mppcart  lh»t 
Iwesiiic  to  time  ta  preserve  three  drtnuii  frotn  the  ECDeral 
wreck: 

Th*  :fwon4  Maid'»  Tr^fit/dg^ 
Th4  Hugbean.     And. 
T7t0  (/Mtm  tif  ('**r»icn. 
Thaae.U  it  Mid,  ure  now  i>t  tb^-  Hhniry  *f  the  MtrqiiUof 
L»^^fcJowlH^  \W.,  (i   tl.-  v  i,>i)l  i>r.j>4bl>  reinnio  \n  Mfrt^,  till 
>•  ''     tbt-Lr    'Vror|{ult«ii    (Sa>t" 

■  >  i>c  ^4ai.<J  Lit^uud  ibc-  rc^rh  ii 

V  '  from    Uie    prcM   wJU   Ik-    nlUi^i 

r:  ;•  rvuci'  !«►  tSif  ^injoit  lis.r.itiirr  i.| 

TUi:     i.n,  lin\^.  ..^,  . 

lnjid»  »iiJ>«rTt'  lii  ! 
Hiiioiirt^r;  i»  i-  I'.i  i 

rllber  lo  the  Liru|]iic(oi3  if  '.'Lljtr!,  Jimi  iji.jiiu:n:JHjU  4it  uuw 
lionnJcd^  bultlijit  A  ur  H  ttiiy  br  rt'lrbrnterl  for  pt>Me»«lnt; 
H'hit  da  other  leller  of  the  alpb«ticT  cini  bopc  t"  ifiH;niM-, 
Kor  It  thli  aJl,  Tb«  hitcfui  ptMioo  of  Uier«ry  mvirice  (4 
'  oC  vanity  aod  cfivy)  b  t>ecoaikos  epidemic^  and 


t  .ft^rm  fwmfiitf  iwc  pwinam  cothdm .„, 

CaUw9  mte  wrAttjM.  me  Ubri  tniitv  mmtem, 
Attamen  in  waono  p*r  oie  icmuter  lioauas* 


Fowr  only  of  the  plays  named  in  Mr,  Warburton *f 
list  occur  in  the  OflBce-book  of  Sir  Henry  Herhert, 
wliich  is  continued  ttp  to  the  latest  period  of  Mas- 
smger's  life :  it  is,  therefore.Jevident  that  they  must 
have  been  written  previoua  to  its  cororapncement; 
thcae.  iberefore,  with  *'The  Old  Law/'  »*  T^rts 
Viffjin  ftlartyr,"  '*  The  II n natural  Combat,"  and 
*'  The  DuVe  of  IVIi^an/"  wbicb  are  also  unnoticed  in 
it»  will  suSicientiv  fill  up  tbe  time  till  U^t, 

There  are  no  Jam  to  aacertatn  the  respectire  pe- 
rioda  at  which  these  plays  were  produced.  *'  Tbe 
Virgin  Martyr"  ia  con6deniW  mentioned  by  the 
former  editors  as  tbe  earliest  of  IMasaioger'a  works, 
probably  because  it  was  tlie  first  that  appeared  in 
print :  but  this  drama,  which  they  ha^e  considerably 
under-rated,  in  conscL)oi>nce,  perhaps,  of  the  dull 
ribaldry  with  which  it  is  vitiated  by  Docker,  evinces 
a  atyle  decidedly  formed,  a  band  accustomed  to  com- 
position, and  a  mind  stored  with  the  richest  acqui- 
aitions  of  a  long  tind  successful  study. 

"  Thu  Old  Law,"  which  was  not  printed  till 
many  years  after  Massin^er's  death,  is  aaid  to  bave 
been  wiilton  by  him  in  conjunction  with  I^liddletoo 
and  Rowley*.  The  latter  of  these  is  ranked  by  tbe 
author  of  **The  Compamon  lo  the  Pbv  House^'*  in 
ihe  third  class  of  dramntic  writers  ,  Ligher,  it  ia 
impossible  to  plnce  him :  but  die  former  was  • 
man  of  considerable  powers,  who  has  lately  been 
the  obj*»ct  of  much  atscuasion,  on  account  of  the 
liberal  use  Shakspeare  ia  supposed  to  have  made 
of  his  recently  discovered  tragi-comedy  of  '•  The 
Witch*." 

It  is  said,  by  Steerens,  that  "  The  Old  Law"  wai 
acted  in  1559.  If  it  be  really  so.  Mussinger's  name 
must,  in  future,  be  erased  from  the  title-page  of 
that  play,   for  he  was,  at  that  datOj  only  in  the  fif« 


branch tng  oul  iii  evvry  clir«ction.  It  h»»  mAtty  of  the  vrorM 
tyitipiitriis  of  that  ittadoraa  which  once  TAgv^l  ^moi^g  the 
I>ulcb  (or  the  poMt^Mtofi  of  iiitipt; — here,  as  v*cll  n*  In  HoU 
Unci,  «ti  ariiari^t  rAfiiy  li  firii  created,  tod  thru  made  a 
pica  for  extortion  or  a  crooad  for  Ium  tnlndtfd  aod  vcin^ti 
exttlUlion.  I  >pcal£  not  of  worka  never  iiilenilcti  fur  wle, 
and  df  will  I  < ,  tbe  ovriier  niny  print    »»  few    or   M 

man;;^  a»  i  ill  allow;  but  of   tbovcwlilich  ar«  a*> 

leaaibly  <i  in- |iijblic,aiMl  wbicb,  nottiitbstandtn^, 

prove  Ihc  feiUir*  lo  i.ihcMir  miJvr  thii  odiim*  dli«aae.  Here 
ait  old  maim^rripi  iBhroa^hl  forwanl,  and  after  a  few  'opki 
•re  printed,  the  pres*  Ls  broker)  op,  ihal  there  ma>  be  a  pre* 
tence  for  tc^UlDg  ibcni  at  a  prict'  which  nODC  but  a  ruUrctor 
caarcich:  there,  explanatory  phirt  are  t'nfravrd  for  a 
work  of  geocral  dm.',  mid,  mb  vuon  ae  twenty  or  tbtrty  |tn« 
prcftloni  ara  taken  off,  ilcitrojrtl  with  {r.iinttou>  tnAltce 
^ror  it  ilr«rve»  nu  other  name),  that  there  w*y  ht  a  mad 
comfuvtktion  for  tbe  fa  von  rod  coplen  1  T*>  roin-tMdr,  forthh 
ti  bo  pteaiant  subject.  t>tiok»  are  t*tn    '         !  >Mi»a- 

gant  ratrt;  tiol  b1^r«4l«r  Ibry  are  v  ^  nrv 

aearccr ;    *<^  tiMt  n  ftr»-,  ".r  »n  ••nirr|,  ■  .    ittut 

•houhltnk        ■'  i     .-         .    K  ,  ,,   ^^,_„K,  woald 

jiii*lanr1>  iMjiblv. 

•  "  Til'  !  no  the  tiatlttttera* 


>n    of    »urli    a  work,    to  Uie  ktylc  and 
iicknowltdg'cd  pvrformaBcca  besr  ntH 

t  U  wDukl    tie   unjjuit  to  mention    thia  manuvrript    Fla|r, 
wilboQt   notlrtng,   Mt  Ihe    Minv    titne*    tht  •IHtkluE  contrtal 


%ibidt  lh»  ciuhlui^t 

Hith  that    of  tho#e  all 

Wlrch,"    fn»iii   the  - 

Utvrary  e«iriit»i(y  *>*  Ihi 

it  at  hif  oHTi  eipcnACt  jiuI,   n»ib  .■ 

move   ■dft)jir(«r«    thjin  iniitati>r«,   |l^> 

copietainoDg  hii  frteada.     It  i«  thu- 

Oifac^idejil. 


\j, 


Hrrdj.  foima 
•fv.  "  The 
'Wt   wa»    a 


^n^ 


INTRODUCTION 


%nt 


t*«otb  fear  of  bb  «|9.  md  probably  bid    noit   \«h 

«ud)onty  for  h»  aswrtion ;  but  u  he  do«t  not 
UftJillv  vrrite  at  nmdom.  it  is  entiili^d  to  nciiire.  In 
A^,  1 1  r  •strej)©  I,  of  that  plaVr  ia  which  llie  clovrn 
1^  churcb-book  on  tbe  ag«  of  bis  wife,  the 
,  aod  commenu  upon  it  tb««  i — "  Agitb«, 
U*4»  d*u|cla«r  of  Pollux,  bora  in  mo.  1540,  &nd  how 
*tu  1599.'^  Thfl  observfttioQ  of  Sreerens  is,  pro- 
b«bly,  founded  upon  tbii  passage  (at  teaat  I  am 
mwmn  of  no  otber),  and  it  will  not,  perfaapa,  be  aaay 
to  conjecture  why  tbe  autbon  aboald  fix  upon  tbiis 
particular  jear,  unleaa  it  really  w«re  the  curreot 
oa«.  It  ii  to  no  purpose  to  objt^ct  that  the  scene  is 
laid  in  a  distant  countr}',  and  the  period  of  action 
ii«*cB$!^arily  remote,  for  the  dramatic  writers  of  those 
t  unded  all  climea  and  all  ag«a  with  a  fa- 
wonderfuL  On  tbe  whole,  I  am  iooUned 
If  tbe  greftter  part  of  "  Tbe  Old  l,aw"  to 

k^lhJdlefon  and   Rowley:  it  baa  not  many  cbunic- 

l|pn*tic  tmifs  of  Masainger.  and  tbe  style,  with  tbe 
iacepttoo  of  a  few  places,  which  are  pointed  out  by 

tVr.  Ireland,  it  Tery  unlike  tbat  of  hia  acknowledged 

lliiifcea, 

I      f  I  ia  by  no  meaos  improbable  tbat  Majsinger,  an 

fintbor  in  high  rapoltf  waa  employed  by  tbe  actora 
to  alter  or  to  add  a  few  icenej  to  a  popular  dTama* 
~  tbit  hia  pre  ten  lions  to  tbis  partnertbip  of  wit 
irere  thus  reeogniMd  and  eatsbtbhed,     A  proeeaa 

|1ik«  this  WW  coniooajit  to  the  maoaers  of  the  age, 
wben  tbe  playera»  who  were  usually  the  proprietora, 
exerted,  and  oot  unfrequently  abused,  the  pnrilege 
of  interlarding  aucb  pieces  as  were  once  ir»  vogue, 
from  Ltme  to  time,  with  new  matter*.  Wbo  will 
say  tljAt  ^hakipeare'e  claims  to  mnny  dramas  wbicb 
furmerly  paued  uuder  hia  name,  and  probubly  with 
no  intent,  on  tbe  part  of  tbe  puhli&hers.  to  deceive, 
b«d  not  this  or  a  auniUr  foundation  i 

What  has  been  said  of  '*The  Virgin  Martyr," 
■pnliea  with  eqo&l,  perhaps  with  greater  force,  to 
'•  'llie  Unnatural  Combat"  and  *'  The  Duke  of 
Milan,"  of  which  the  style  is  easy.  Tigorous,  and 
barmonious,  bespeaking  a  confirmed  habit  of  com* 
position,  and  serving,  with  tbe  rest,  to  prove  that 
Masaincer  began  to  write  for  the  stage  at  an  earlier 
period  than  bas  been  hitherto  supposed. 

Ma»singbr  appears  for  the  first  time  m  the  ofl)ce- 
book  of  the  Alasterof  the  Rerels,  Dec.  3,  I6'i5^  on 
wbicb  day  his  play  of  "  Tbe  Boodmnn**  wait  brought 
forward.  About  this  time,  too^  he  printed  "  1  be 
fluke  of  Mits»,'*  with  a  short  deiiicaUon  to  Lady 
Kaihitntie  Stanbopef  ;    in   which  he  speaks   with 


A  *"">  cnrj.iu' ti<«t*hC<    i'flhi" 


cntn  In  il^  OfIl<-fr*BcMtk 
litT  tbe  addini  of  « 
rhli  7  lb  iif  Jol>,  IA/4, 

I   rfiM>»th    bffyri? 
■rnff  Mrlilch  WjIi 

'  .Tf'jieiU  in   the 


tM    ««    Ihr  JOJIM    Jirpi.hit!!,. 


^^^«.M  'iftf  Stanhopf ;]   H«it|^titcT  0I  Frsnrlf  Lord 

nMff^n;^*.  »'U  rir«i  wife  of  I'MUp  KtJU»b«p«;,  Unttsifi  of  Sbcl- 
'fdrrlf  and  sitoniimla  <161»)  EatI  of  CJbeslrrfldd,  a  nobleinui 

•  TbU  wai  Sir  Heary*#  fe*;  for  UiU  mean  aud  rapacUiot 
e>v«>*e«f  aol  oal|  iiMi«(td  oo  b«iDt  P'id  for  «llovirliif  a  ucw 
Pi«l .  bet  far  t^mtj  trUkiog  Mklltioa  wUcb  mislit  labscqtteutly 
b«  wade  ce  IL 


pe«t  modesty  of  his  course  of  studiea ,  to  wbloh  he 
msinuates  (what  he  more  than  oooe  repeats  in  his 
subsequent  publications),  misfortune  rather  than 
choice  had  determined  him. 

In  1624.  be  published  **Tbe  Bondman."  and  d»* 
dicat^d  it  to  Philip  Earl  of  Montgomery,  whn  heiug 

5 resent  at  the  first  repreeentation,  ba^  ahown  hit 
iacemment  and  good  taate,  by  what  tbe  author 
ealls  a  liheral  tuff'ragt  10  its  favour.  Philip  wij  the 
seeoad  son  of  Henry  Earl  of  Pembroke,  the  fnt^nd 
and  palron  of  Aldssinger's  father.  At  au  early  a^e 
he  eame  to  court,  and  was  distinguished  by  tbe  par- 
titular  favour  of  James  I.,  who  conferred  the  honour 
of  knighthood  upon  him  ;  and,  00  his  marriage* 
with  La;dy  Susan  Vera;,  daughter  of  Edward  Karl 
of  Oxford,  and  grand-daughter  of  William  Lord 
Burleigh,  gave  bim  lands  to  a  considerable  amount, 
and  BooQ  af^rwards  created  him  a  baron  wad  aa 
earlf 


of  {f««if  boiiodr  aad  virtoe.  He  oppovctl  ib«  bi;i;b  camt 
liiv««nri««  nil  he  tHicovered  tb*I  ibc  pu-tiUDeiit  ^11^  -^ : ^ 
k-tirly  a*ur^(tie  on  tb«  prcrogstives  of  tb«  i>tb«r  bran 
lh«  iUMv ,  when,  dftcr  an  ineafecinal  «tni£Klc  to  bnii 
IqIu  conalltutUmd  limit*,  mod  pr«*erv«  praee,  be  J<4l.c..  ,„^ 
■nn !i  or  bLi  royal  inaiter.  8bvlh»nl,  ibe  aedt  frum  wtuch  tte 
(IcrivrrJ  bi*  tlUr,  wm  ^omi  in  the  coufllici.  two  t»f  hkt  •tm* 
rdl  in  battle,  and  bebim»vir  iti^erctl  a  lon^e  And  i^vcic  iif|. 
priMHioient;  vH  he  prrMrrved  bli  loyally  aud  r*llb,  aud  died 
Bfbehad  llvea,  anblfmUhrd. 

*  €M  kUwarru^jif  I  Tin  rr  m  skn  account  uf  Ihb  Diarrfuee^ 
ia  a  letter  n-uin  Sir  \'  n  tu  Mr.  Winwuod,  wlSeli 

la  preaerved   ia  th<  ,[,«  uf  bia    Attmsirn,  and 

wlikh,  a*  atfiirdinj!;    <  ^^  pietura  of  the  fToaancss 

'''  !  tt  the  c<.>U[tiL>l  Jd,a]ea  l.^may  nnl  b«  uDWortbjr 

"  On  81.  Johii't  day.  ynn  h»a  ibc  ntarri^^v  uC 
S  .    I  brrt  and  Ibe  l*»f!y  Su»aii  fwrfufint^  aI  V\  hife- 

bill,  UUI4  all  ibe  bonuur  cooM  be  done  n.  grfnt  faviturilc. 
The  rami  vtum  Krctt,  aikd  fur  thittd>»y  p«it  un  lb«'  br»I  brnw- 
rrir.  The  priiicv  md  tlukvof  Huljt  led  tbv  btide  tocburch; 
Ibc  qticpii  rullowcd  htrr  fruin  ibvncc,  Th«  kiuK  gaix'e  btr, 
and  »hf  t  ill  her  It*:«i'»  «nd  triiikft?,  britled  and  Lirinled  il  ao 
band.^onirly,  ami  limleed  beratnc  hcr«clf  *o  Wi^II,  that  Ihf  king 
Mill,  irbe  ncrv  unmarrk-d,  be  woatd  oui  ^{ve  ber,  bul  keep 
bcr  biuiuir.  Tbe  ui«rriji|[e  dioscr  wa»  kvpt  in  the  fre4t 
rbAiuber,  ^bfte  Ute  priiui  .ind  (fn  D.ikt  i>i  lliU^.  ,uj.]  die 
fnmt  lord*  and  lad*-  1 

hadar   oT  Veolce    v* 

and  he  bad  place  ih  ..- 

took  aol  well.  Bnl  aTk  r  'tinttn,  lie  «;■<  .u  liuU.  |  K  t-rd 
bittiseU;  fur  being  1ifott||[bt  into  ibe  ctoatt  to  retire  Liuiteir, 
he  waa  then  totferrd  to  vialk  ool,  bit  *upp»r  tiijthMrii^r,(  „f. 
At  nighli,  tberi'  «««  a  tn^tk  in  tlic  hull,  wLi>  li  it 

aod  fajjbiuii,  wat  4uiulUe  to  the  r>cc44ioii.     T< 
ibt  Earl  of  r«iDl>ri<kL<.  tlit  L<»id  Willuhy,  Sir  -  ■.*, 

KirTbum^ii  Gertnain.  Sir  Rtibcrl  C<iiy«'6tr  Jrim  Ln,  Mr 
RichJird  Freilon,  and  Sir  Tbomaa  Ba^cr  There  ina»n« 
•niMil  lti>>  ihfit  iT}'4^h(  t^f  cbnins  attd  Jcrrclr,  and  many  treat 
l«<Ji«f  were  11.    ■  by  the  tkiria,  and  were  very  well 

■erve«i,  tb^i  :  ■  \i  cut  no  belter.    Tbe  prrienta  of 

pUtc  and  ufU  11  by  t|jc  Doblirmen  were   valncd 

at  2,A0i>l.;  to»r  uLit  im<i>  u  imaiu>  it  a    guod   rn  1  n 

gin    v(  tbe    kiiif't,  of  SmW.  l>in^l,    for  the  bti  < 
Tlicy  were  l«Miy|.d  iiD  *\%v    ro»n'-H  cbiiiiib(.r,  v*  I  4, 

kit  bi«  •hirl  .111  *        '  '  1  '    thcrri  a   rtvetitetnnfifi  uc- 

turvt  ibry  >a<  «  u^hhI   time  la  or   npoD  tbe 

b*-d„  chiiJif.  >\  I  ,  .No  cereiDCNiy  waa  omlt- 

t' '     ■'    ;'  i.i>i  i,ri«,  nod  gUive»,  iftldclj  have 

<>r  ibi'  court,    aod   ai  oivht  Ihrie 
.   raatioK    od  Ihf' bride't  Icfl  huM, 
^^.M,  P.,M.>  y.j    ..vcrltit.    /an.  iOOft/' 

I  Lad  if  Auian   I  err.  J  To  tbit  lad^y  Juiiauo  addreaacd  ike 
puejco  brfintdiifT 

*♦  Wf  ■   .1,  -   .» -i  "^ .«  ^.>>.  ,,^.ir,i,^i*-f  did  tbry  tee 

£v  <  wodtd  bet 

Oi  I" 

A  u-.  .  ^,- ~  ^-,..-1-  :  -.-    ■  ike,     ^piff'  **iv. 

The  d>w  of  ffraee  U  an  clegatit  aiul  beiotlfat  perlpbrasii  fer 
ihe  baptiainaJ  (iirinkhnf. 

}  B*yie*,  afitr  noUdog  the  favotin  heaped  on  hinip  ai  re- 
corded  by  LartI  Clarendue,  peinLantly  addt,  *•  Hut  Clarendon, 

t  There  ii  an  alliiaioa  tonne  of  those    '*  piftly  aorceriea' 
ill  the  fp«ecb  of  MtriiUa«  •'  Otiardian,^  Act.  til.  Sc.  H. 


«¥m 


IMRODUCTIQN. 


THU  dedication,  i^bioU  is  sensible,  modest,  nnd 
effecting,  sprvei  to  proTB  ibnt  v«  hatever  ini;;ht  be 
Ibis  uatortunate  ci  re  una  stance  which  deprived  the 
nutLor  of  the  patrooage  nnd  protf^ctioa  of  tbe  elder 
bninch  of  the  Herberts,  be  did  not  imagiiie  it  to  b« 
of  II  disgraceful  nature  ;  or  be  would  not,  in  tbe  fuce 
of  tlip  public,  have  uppealed  to  bis  connections 
with  tbe  fumily :  at  tbe  same  time^  it  ls  maniftirst 
that  some  catt8«  of  alieniition  existed,  otberwise  lie 
would  scBTcely  b»?e  overlooltpd  so  fair  an  opportu- 
nhy  of  Rlludinj?  to  tbe  cbamcteristic  generosity  of 
ibe  £arl  of  Pembroke,  whom  on  ibis,  ss  ou  awery 
Other  occasion,  he  scrupalouslj  forbears  to  name, 
or  even  to  bint  aL 

This  dedication,  which  wm  kindly  received »  led 
the  way  to  a  clos«r  connection^  and  n  certnin  de^eo 
of  familiarily,  for  which,  perhaps,  the  approbation 
■o  openly  expressed  of  **  Tbe  Bondman/'  might 
he  designed  by  Montgomery  its  an  overture  ;  at  a 
•ubsequent  period*,  Mss^inger  styles  tbe  earl  bis 
'"most  singular  good  lord  and  patron/^  and  speaks 
«f  tbe  greatness  of  bia  obligations  : 

** mine  being  mora 

**  Than  they  could  owe.  who  since,  or  heretofore, 
"  Have  Inbour'd  with  exalted  line*  to  raise 
"  Brave  piles,  or  mtlier  pyrnmidHof  prmo 
*'  To  Pembrokef.  aod  bis  family/* 

What  pecuniary  advanUiges  he  derired  from  the 
protent  address,  cannot  be  known  ;  whatever  ibey 
were,  they  did  not  precludt;  tbe  necessity  of  writing 
for  the  stage,  which  he  continued  to  do  with  great 


ptrUnpfi,  Aid  not  know  the  real  c»q§c  of  Ijorrl  flerben*«  ad- 
vsnt  i-'M}ctit.  T^e  b<-baviodr  oftht  Scnu  on  Jame«^»  ■cctr-fikin 
Id  lh«  ihroDu  of  Engtivnd  inai  giiurRUy  obnuAious  ami  itmcli 
reirnrcil.  At  a  meciin^of  Etii£li»ii  and  Scutch  a,t  a  hurfee  rjice 
near  Croydon,  a  utidcko  *iiiarftl  nroat  bvi'^txa  Ihvtn,  occ«- 
•lomcft  by  t  Mr,  Rjiu]M?y'>  sTriking  Philip  Lord  Herbert  ia 
Ibr  (wtt  Mitb  ■  «wUcli.  Tlit'  EngUih  would  have  luadr  It  a 
iMtiondqumrrtl.im)  Mr.  John  Pinclibeck  rqde  alK>ottbe  f^rld 
witU  ft  d»^;gtt  in  hia  liind»  cry  iiig,  Let  ui  break  our/tutt  with 
ikmn  here, and  dine  with  thtm  in  Ltrnd^tn.  But  HerlMri  not 
rciaiMluf  It,  tbe  V,\n%  wuj  %u  rtiantu-d  Miib  hU  p«;4c«4bk  di>- 
pcMllSoB,  liiM  hK  made  bim  a  knichr,  a  birnn^a  vibronnt,  and 
ui  earl,  U»  on«  day/"  Ufe  ^f  Mam^nser,  p.  IHL  Thla  ij 
taken  frum  Oibum<uoocor  tboae  K^MalppIng  talvaioiiKen  Id 
which  ibr  times  of  Jamci  ao  pvaLly  alKinndcO|»  and  wbv»  w  ith 
Weldoi».  WilaoBi  Peytott,  Baadenon,  lod  otben,  contributed 
to  prupafale  an  loflnlte  atunbfer  nf  MandaloBt  aUirieit,  which 
•h<i«l4  have  h«cn  letX  wttb  /DrficTi  where  moat  of  thciii  perhap^^ 
bad  births  What  reliance  may  be  placed  on  them,  in  jieoeriil, 
la  Auincietitly  apparotit  fn>m  ih«  aaaertlon  of  Oahomt*.  The 
f*ct  it,  that  Jlfrhert  had  long  h«*n  a  kDishUand  w*»  DC^era 
vlKvMoL  He  WB«  marriefi  In  ihe  btr-iiinDiiiK  vf  iOOA  (he  was 
then  Sir  Phlllpii  and  created  B;iriin  Herbert  of  Shurlaort  in 
Ihe  tale  of  Shcppy,  and  Earl  of  Montgomery,  June  4idli,  ia 
the  aartie  year:  and  eo  far  were  theae  tltlcA  fiom  being  the 
reward  of  wliat  Ukb4>ri}e  e4lU  hla  cowardice  at  Croydon^  thai 
Ihey  were  all  coiiferkcd  on  him  ivro  yejira  before  that  event 
look  place.  (>t.burne  him>elr allowa  that  if  Montpuuery  had 
nut,  by  liU  lorttearance.  "  Atitaehc-d  the  bliHid  then  ready  to 
be  »i)Ul,  not  only  thai  day*  hiit  uU  tf^cr,  m«*t  have  pru^ved 
fatal  to  the  Scot**  m>  lonj;  ai  any  had  staid  in  KngUndt  (he 
royal  family  excepted,  which,  iu  rc»pect  (u  mnji-ity^or  ihcir 
own  aafety.  thvy  tnu»l  have  fpared,  or  the  kingduin  been 
left  to  the  mlN^ry  of  veeing  vo  niuih  hlix>4  laid  out  a  a  tbe 
trial  of  ao  many  crabbed  lilleB  would  have  reqnireti/'  Tbe 
piret'entjuii  of  thcje  horrors  irii^^ht.  In  ac»tue  rainda,  have 
ralacd  feeling*  favimriibk  to  \he  tcinpvraQcv  of  the  yoiifid; 
carl;  hot  O^tMjrne,  whOM^  objecl  and  whoac  o(13cc  wa4  ca- 
lamtiy^  coutrivea  to  convert  it  into  a  new  accaiatlou ;  "  Ibay 
e«mUJ  not  be  thcaeconiidcratioiia,"  hetaya,  "that  realraitied 
Herbert,  wbo  wanted  leiture^  ao  leva  than  capadty,  to  uae 
tbem,  tboflgb  J  aid  lo  hia  way  by  oihern  E" 

Mf^nt^rt  qf  tCinff  Jamet. 

*  Oa  the  bia  of  hheldett  auu^  who  diol    of  the    smaU- 
pot  at  Florence,  Jan,  tOftO. 

t  Montf^mcry  ttad  now  attcceedcd  to  tbe  title  and  catatci 
of  liU  ekkr  broOivr,  wbodecca»ea  April  10,  tiUO 


industry,  seldom  producing  lets  than  two  new 
pieces  annually.  In  1<>^9,  hts  occasions,  perhaps, 
mrain  pres8iti|<  upon  him,  he  gaT«iothepr«3«  **  Th© 
Henegado"  nnd  '*  Tbe  Roman  Actor,**  hotb  of  which 
had  now  been  sereral  years  before  the  pubHo*  The 
first  of  tbe*e  he  ioscnbed  to  Lord  Berkeley  in  a  short 
address  composed  with  taste  and  elegance.  He 
speaks  writh  some  complacency  of  tbe  merits  of  the 
pifK^e,  but  truiitB  that  be  ah»ll  hvm  **  to  render  bia 
humble  thanltfuIiieHS  in  AOtne  bibber  strain  :*'  this 
conlidence  in  his  abilities,  the  pleaaiog  coocooiitsat 
of  true  gcniuA,  Tilssstn^er  often  felt  and  expressed* 
The  latter  play  b^  pre&enleel  to  Sir  Philip  Knyvet 
and  Sir  I'bomas  Jeay*.  with  a  desire,  as  be  says, 
tbnt  the  world  might  take  notice  of  bis  being  in- 
debted to  their  support  for  power  to  oompoM  the 
piece  :  he  expatiiitee  on  tbt^ir  kindness  m  w«rtii  and 
ener[>etic  language,  and  accounts  for  addressing 
"  the  most  perfect  birdi  of  bia  ISIinerva"  to  themij, 
from  their  superior  demands  on  bis  Gj^ratitude, 

Little  more  than  four  years  bitd  elapsed  since 
"Tbe  llondman"  was  printed  i  in  that  period 
MassingfT  had  written  seven  plnys,  nil  of  which, 
it  is  probable,  were  favourably  received  :  it  there- 
fore becomes  a  question,  what  were  the  emoluments 
derived  from  tbe  stage  wlucb  c^uld  thus  leevea  iMOpu- 
lar  and  successful  writer  to  struggle  with  adreri»itr* 

There  seem  to  have  been  two  methoiis  of  clis- 
posiog  of  a  new  piece;  tbe  first,  and  perhnps  the 
moat  generalj  was  to  tell  the  copy  to  one  of  the 
theatres ;  the  price  cannot  be  exactly  ascertained, 
but  appears  to  have  fluctuaii»d  between  ten  and 
twenty  pounds,  seldom  falliug  ^borr  of  tbe  former, 
and  still  more  seldom,  I  believe,  exceedin;^  the 
latter.  In  this  case,  tbe  author  could  only  print  bis 
play  by  penaission  of  the  proprietors,  a  farour 
which  was  somttime*  granted  to  tbe  necessities  of  ft 
faro n rite  writer,  and  to  none,  perhaps,  more  fre- 
quently than  to  Alassinger.  1  be  other  method  wme 
by  offering  it  to  the  stage  for  tbe  advantage  of  a 
benefit,  which  was  commonly  taken  on  tbe  second 
or  third  night,  aod  which  sefdom  produced,  there 
ia  reason  to  suppose,  tbe  net  sum  of  twenty  pounds. 
There  yet  remain  tbe  profits  of  publication :  Mr, 
M alone,  from  whose  "  Historical  Account  of  the 
English  Stage"  (one  of  tbe  must  instructive  essaya 
that  ever  appeared  on  the  subject ),  many  of  these 
notices  are  taken,  says,  that,  in  tbe  time  of  Shak- 
apeare,  the  customary  price  was  twenty  nobles 
(6L  15s.  4d»)  ;  if  at  a  somewhat  later  period  we  fix 
it  at  thirty  (lOL),  we  shall  not,  probablyi  be  far  from 
tile  truth*  The  usual  dedication  fee,  which  yet  re- 
mains to  be  addtHl,  was  forty  shillings  :  where  anj 
connection  subsisted  betwen  the  parties,  it  wasdoobi- 
leas  increased. 

We  may  be  pretty  confident,  therefore,  that  Mai- 
ftinger  seldom,  if  ever,  received  for  his  most  stre- 
nuous and  fortunate  oxeriiuns  more  than  fifW 
pouiKtii  a-year;  this,  indeed  ^  if  regularly  enjoyea, 
would  be  auSicient,  with  decent  enconomy,  to  have 
preserved  him  from  absolute  want ;  but  nothing  is 
better  known  than  tbe  precarious  nature  of  dramelio 
writing.  Some  of  his  pieces  might  fiiil  of  success 
(indeed,  we  are  assured  that  they  actually  did  ao). 


•  Sir  TbtHnat  Jeay  wst  hlmteir  a  ooel  j  aeverti  eommend- 
•lory  copies  of  vcraca  by  him  are  prettied  to  Mas<hiii]Eer'a 
Flayi.  He  call*  tbe  author  hi»  wurihy  friend,  and  letvea 
man^  prooia  ibat  bU  catrent  waa  foaoded  cm  Jud|snent,  aud 
fala  kiadiieei  eaitdid  atul  alucere 


^Mb 


Dtght  experieoce  m  "thin  third  day ;"  and  a 
r  of  cireumsrooc^a,  not  difficult  to  »xiumerate, 
bnte  to  dimmish  the  petty  sum  which  we  bare 
T«Mittii«d  to  &tate  aa  the  maxitDum  of  the  poet's  re^ 
venoa,  fiat  could  the  benefit  which  he  derived 
frwtt  fbe  prrsa  be  rerj  ext^nsire,  aa  of  the  aeventeen 
drstatat  tMiich  make  up  his  printed  works  (exclusire 
oTtba  **  I'artkment  of  Lore,"  whieh  dow  appears 
§or  the  first  titue).  only  twelve  were  publiahed  dur- 
ing hit  life^  and  of  these,  two  ("  The  Virgin- 
Mmnyf*  aud  *'  The  Fatal  Dowry")  were  not  wholly 
bis  own. 

lo  1650  he  printed  "  The  Picture."  which  had 
m^pearcd  on  the  stage  the  precediag  rear.  This 
bii^  waa  warmly  supported  by  many  of  the  **  noble 
Socwty  of  the  Inner  Temple/*  to  whom  it  is  ad- 
4rMa«l.  Ibeee  gentlemeD  were  so  sensible  of  ihe 
cztraofdioanr  meriu  of  this  admimble  per- 
JU  iiiaiica,  that  they  gare  the  author  leave  to  par- 
'culahae  their  names  at  the  bead  of  the  dedicatioDp 
l»OQoyr  which  he  declined,  because,  aa  be  mo* 
ves.  and  eridently  with  au  allusion  to 
oontempoTunes,  he  '•  had  rather  enjoy 
'  |iroofa  of  their  friendship,  thnn*  mnun- 
tilMBlt^li^  bout  their  numbers  in  a  catalogue.*' 

Is  1651  Massio^r  appeara  to  have  been  tinu* 
•bbIIj  tntlDsrrioos,  for  he  brought  forward  three 
p%tCK»  in  little  more  than  as  many  months.  Two  of 
thm^,  **  Believe  aa  you  List,"  and  "  Ilia  Unfortti- 
VUm  Piely,**  are  lost ;  the  third  is  *'  The  Emperor  of 
tiM  Eaat/*  which  was  published  in  the  following 
ffmFp  Kod  iDicribed  to  Lord  Mohuo,  who  was  so 
■loeh  pleased  with  the  perusal  of  the  author's 
nted  works,  that  be  commissioned  his  nephew, 
Kr  Aston  Cockayne*,  lo  express  his  high  opinion 
f  tbem,  and  lo  present  tlie  writer  "  with  a  token  of 
'  i  love  and  intended  laTOiiT/^ 
'  Tba  Fata]  Dowry"  was  printed  in  163S.  I 
I  anppoaed  ihLa  to  be  tbe  pUy  which  is  men- 
aboTe  by  the  name  of  **  J  he  i'n fortunate 
"*  as  it  does  not  appear  under  its  present  title 
hi  tbe  office-book  of  Sir  Henry  Herbert  ;  but  1  now 
Mieve  it  to  hare  been  written  previously  to  16'id. 
Hia  coadjutor  in  tbia  play  was  Nathaniel  I'ield,  of 
whom  1  can  gire  tbe  reader  but  little  cccoont.  Hia 
name  ataoda  at  the  bead  of  tbe  principal  come* 
dians  who  performed  "  Cjntbia'a  nereis/'  and  he 
miomtA  with  Htmioge,  Condell,  Burbudge,  and 
■wm,  m  lb*  prvfkee  to  the  fotio  edition  of  Shek- 
PH.  Ha  srait  alio  tbe  author  of  two  comedies, 
'"A  Woman  ta  a  Weathercock,"  J6lt,  and 
*  Amttoda  lor  Ladies/*  1618.  Mr.  Heed,  however^ 
I  the  writer  of  these  plays,  the  asAistunt 
f  in  **  The  Fatal  Dowry,"  to  be  a  dia- 
tact  Ptsntm  from  the  actor  above  mentioned,  and 
*m  Kath*  Field,  M.  A.,  Fellow  of  New  ColK.  who 
ionma  Latin  rersea  printed  in  Onm,  Acadtmia^ 
)tUm^  I6fd,  and  wlio,  being  of  tbe  aame  uni* 


bljr  piKe  iti  wtiicli  M«*i>in|err  ni^kei  any 
'  kuon,*bu  wm  not  \em  ilrUi;Mr4  wlU»  '*Tlic 

I  br  ir'orthjf 

.  thiit  h« 

'  refurtl 
V  proolf. 

--  .--  ,        ...j.jlic,  and 

ivtft  t*ke  uiH»n  myfcif 

-►ogilienrd  !h«lr  nin- 

.,.^^-    i    —   ^-i   ihuik  if  aJu>geU»(ir  im- 


versity  with  Massijigpr,  might  there  join  with  bim 
in  the  compoiition  of  the  play  ascribed  to  tbem*/* 
It  is  seldom  aafe  to  differ  from  Mr.  Heed  on  Bub- 
Jecta  of  this  nature,  yet  f  still  incline  to  think  that 
Field  the  actor  was  the  person  meant.  I'here  ia 
no  autbonty  for  suppoaing  that  Mtissinger  wrote 
play  a  at  college  j  ana  if  there  were  it  in  not  lliely 
that  "  The  Fatal  Dowry"  ahould  be  one  of  them,  liui 
Mr,  Reed's  chief  reason  for  his  assertion  is,  that  no 
contemporary  author  speaks  of  Field  as  a  writer: 
this  argument,  in  the  refutation  of  which  I  can 
claim  no  merit,  la  now  cotnpletely  disproved  by  the 
discovery  of  the  letter  to  Mr.  Henslowe.  Mr*Ma- 
lone,  too,  ihinka  that  the  person  who  wrote  the  two 
comedies  here  mentioned,  and  assisted  Ma>sioger, 
could  not  be  Field  the  actor,  since  the  £rat  of  them 
was  printed  in  1612^,  at  which  time  he  must  have 
been  a  youth,  having  performed  a*  one  of  the  chil- 
dren of  the  reveU  in,  Jonson's  "  Silent  Woman," 
]t>09t«  I  know  not  to  what  age  these  children  were 
confined,  but  Bark>»tead,  who  was  one  of  them,  and 
who,  from  his  situation  in  the  list,  was  probably 
younger  than  Field,  publialjed,  in  iGll,  a  poem 
called  "  lliren  ( Irene)  ilie  Fair  Greek,"  consisting 
of  114  stanzas,  which  is  ^et  earlier  ihnn  the  date  of 
**  Woman's  a  Weathercocfe," 

Mr,  Malone  conjectures  that  the  affecting  letter 
(p.  XV.)  was  written  between  1612  and  Ibl  5  :  if  we 
take  the  latest  period,  Field  will  be  then  not  fur 
from  his  twenty-eighth  year,  a  period  stiffiriently 
advanced  for  tbe  production  of  any  work  of  fancy, 
1  have  sometimes  felt  a  pang  at  imagining  tbut  the 
play  on  which  they  were  then  engaged,  and  for 
which  they  f^licit  a  trifiing  advance  in  such  moving 
lerms,  was  "  The  Fatal  Dowry,"  one  of  the  noblest 
compositions  that  ever  graced  the  English  stage  f 
Even  thoui^rh  it  should  not  be  so,  it  is  yet  tmpoasible 
to  be  una^ected,  when  we  consider  ih&t  thoae  who 
actually  did  produce  it  were  in  danger  of  perishing 
in  gaol  for  wont  of  a  loan  of  live  pounds  ! 

In  the  following  year,  Maasinger  brought  forward 
''  The  (Jit?  Madam,"  As  this  play  was  undoubtedly 
dispose<l  of  to  f  be  performers,  it  remained  in  manu- 
script till  ihe  distress  brought  on  the  stage  by  the 
per^ecutjon  of  the  Puritans,  induced  them  to  com- 
mit it  to  the  press.  The  person  to  whom  we  are  in* 
debted  fof  its  appearance  was  Andrew  Fennycuicke, 
an  actor  of  some  note.  In  the  dedication  to  the 
Countess  of  Oxford^t  be  obserres,  with  a  spirited 
reference  lo  the  restrictions  then  laid  on  the  drama, 
"  In  that  age,  when  ttit  and  ttnming  were  mU  coh- 
qutred  by  injury  and  Mitttnce^  this  poem  waa  tlie  ob* 
ject  of  love  and  commendations :"  he  then  adda, 
*•  ihe  encouragement  1  had  to  prefer  this  dedication 
to  your  powerful  protection,  proceeds  from  tbe  tini- 
veraal  fame  of  the  deceased  author^,  who  (although 


•  Old  Play*.  Vol.  %IL*  p,  350. 

t  It  had  prubably  (*iicapcd  Mr.  Malooe^fl  obtervaUati,  that 
PieW  appear »  ai  rbe  principaJ  perforini'f  In  "  Cynthia**  Re- 
«tU,"  acicf!  ill  ISM  or  ItKNi.  H«  coiild  nut  ihen  bavtr  well 
been  leat  than  twelve  jvam  olil,  and,  «i  the  time  mt* ttlkoni;*! 
by  Mr.  Mnlnii«,  aa  tew  early  for  tb«  pnidnrilDn  of  hii  Arat 
play,  mnit  have  t»e«Ji  lamed  of  one  aiidtMreniy. 

t  Countfn  qf  OxfordtAt^]  Ana,  first  wlf«  of  Anbrcy  de 
Vere,  twcnlicih  and  la«l  Earl  of  Oaford.  She  waa  adikuiL 
rt'liifi(»ni  of  the  Pembroke  iTaJiiUy. 

i  The  d*c^*tmdaut/urr,]  "  The  City  Madam*'  was  prtalcd 
in  10511.  ThU  tnflicientty  prove*  the  abatirdhj  of  the  «o- 
count  Ki*«J  ^y  I'ai'KbAine,  Jacob.  Wliiocop,  sad  Clbber. 
who  cuDciir  io  piaciiijc  hit  death  in  tMij  and  wh«,  ccr- 
tuDly,  never  perused  hit  wtirka  with  any  altcDiLoat  aof  U 


5 


XJf 


INTRODUCTION. 


be  oompoS'id  mitny)  wrote  none  amisB,  and  thia  may 
justly  be  rarjked  Hniotig^  bis  best."  Pennvcuicie 
tnit^fbt  hiivp  |jrrne  furtlier;  but  thia  little  address  is 
gtitb riant  to  ftbovt?  in  nrhai  estimatioa  the  poet  wa« 
b«Ui  by  hit  '*  fellowt."  He  hud  now  been  dead 
niiieteen  y^ar*. 

About  IbtA  time  too  (ItJSf),  Massingcr  printed 
"Tbe  Maid  of  Honour,"  with  a  dedicatioo  to  Sir 
FmDcia  Foljnmbo**  and  Sir  Thomas  BUnd,  which 
cannot  be  rt'tkd  without  sorrow.  He  obsenres,  that 
tbe«0  gi^nrleiDen,  who  apf^ear  to  have  been  engaged 
iu  na  amicable  auit  at  law,  bod  contintied  for  umny 
yewA  the  patrons  of  him  and  bis  deapised  atudiea» 
and  he  caUs  u|>on  the  world  to  take  notice^  as  from 
himself,  that  he  hmj  nut  U^  tlutt  time  stihnsled.hut  that 
he  was  supported  by  their  fret|ueiit  courte«4ea  aod 
i^vouri. 

It  is  Qot  improbable,  however,  thtt  be  wts  now 
labouring  under  the  pressure  of  more  than  u^unl 
Want  ;  as  the  failure  of  two  of  his  playa  bad  danipi?d 
his  spirits,  and  materially  checked  the  prosecution 
of  his  dramatic  studies.  No  account  of  the  unsuc- 
eesaful  pieces  ta  come  down  to  ua  i  their  names  do 
Dot  occur  in  the  Office-book  of  Sir  H*  Herbert,  nor 
ahould  we  hare  known  the  circumstance,  had  not 
the  author,  with  a  modesty  which  ahnnips  some  of  bi« 
coatetnpornriea,  and  a  deference  to  the  judgment  of 
the  Dub]io,  which  becomes  all  who  write  for  it,  re- 
corded the  fact  in  tbe  prologue  to  "  The  Guanlian." 
I'o  this,  probably,  we  owe  the  publication  of  ■*  A 
New  Way  to  Pay  Old  Debta,"  which  was  now  first 
printed  with  a  sensible  and  manly  address  to  the 
Earl  of  CdernarvoOf  who  had  marrit^d  Lady  Sophia 
Herbert,  the  sister  of  his  patron,  Phdip  Eurl  t»f 
Pembroke  aod  Montgomery.  "  I  wsh  bom,'"  be 
eny«,  '*  a  deroted  aervnot  to  the  thrice  noble  family 
01  your  inoomparable  lady,  and  am  moat  ambitioua, 
but  with  a  becoming  distance,  to  be  known  to  your 
lordship."  All  Massinger's  patrons  aiii»;jir  to  be 
p<^rj>ans  of  worth  and  emiueoce.  Phihp  had  not, 
at  tliis  time,  tarnished  the  name  of  Pembroke  by  in- 
grutituJe,  and  the  Earl  of  Caernarvon  was  a  man 
of  unimpeachable  honour  and  integrity.  He  fol- 
lowed the  declining  fortunes  of  his  roval  master, 
and  fell  at  Newbury,  whi^re  he  commancled  the  ca- 
valry, after  defeating  that  port  ot  tbe  parliamentary 
army  to  which  he  was  opposed.  In  bis  last  mo- 
menta,  says  Fuller,  as  be  lay  on  the  field,  a  noble- 
man of  tbe  royal  party  deiiu^ed  to  know  if  he  hud 
any  request  to  mnke  to  the  king,  to  whom  bs  was 
dc«i*rvedly  dear,  comfortiug  bim  with  the  asaurance 
tliot  it  would  be  reitdily  granted.  His  reply  was 
such  as  became  a  hmve  and  conscientiuu^  soldier ; 
I  will  not  die  with  a  suit  in  my  mouth,  but  to  tbe 
king  of  kings ! 

Flattered  by  Ibe  fncceas  of  "  The  Gaardlan/' 
which  was  licensed  on  the  3lat  of  October,  16SS, 
JMa^iiiinger  exerted  himself  with  unusual  energy,  and 
produced  tbre«  plays  before  tbe  oxpinition  of  the 
tytlowiijg  year.    One  of  tbetn,  the  delightful  comedy 


flut  itt  Clietwotid  more  ntioajil,  wlioaueria  tlijt  be  died  in 
1099,  «lnce  lib  rpUiph  ii  prlnicil  «iiimi>c  Uie  po«uii  i*t  Sir 
jittan  GiM:k«>De,  wtikh  wcfr  i^wbliibvil  Lu  KlSd,  aod 
i«rlttin  madi  varticr,  ll  b,  llKTefurc,  wofic  than  •  wxtic 
ot  Ihiiv  to  rvpcjt  from  buok  tu  book  »q<Ii  pal|ial»ti!i 
■rroii. 

•  Sir  FraneiJt  F»fjamt>*f  &c,]  I  natpccl  Hut  Sk  Prm»el« 
WM  «b»  «  C^ihc^lk,  From  tti«  brief  account  n(  tbb  Mttciviit 
rtmU>  M^bich  ii  ^Uvn  \q  LamIkl-'i  "  llliifltmtloa!!,**  Ibpy  up- 
pvhi  ii>  hiive  iiHl>r4!<t  te\vrt\y  tin  Arcouat  of  ib«ir  rcUstooi, 
tu  wbich  tbt-y  were  M*liiU»ly  alUclicd. 


of  "  A  Very  Woman/'  is  come  down  to  tie:  of  tbe 

others,  nothing  is  known  but  the  names,  which  are 
registered  by  the  Master  of  tbe  Keyels.  In  165.7, 
It  does  not  appear  that  he  brought  any  thing  forward  ; 
but  in  lti36,  he  wrote  "  The  Bashful  l^ver."  aod 
printed  '*  The  Greet  Dtike  of  Florence,"  wbich  bad 
now  been  many  years  on  iLe  itage,  with  a  dedlco' 
tion  to  Sir  Robert  Wiseman,  of  Tborrells  Hall,  in 
Essex.  lo  this,  which  is  merely  expressive  of  hia 
gratitude  for  a  long  continuation  of  kindae»,  he  ac- 
knowledges, "'and  with  a  lealuus  thankfulness, that, 
for  many  years,  he  had  but  fuintly  subsiatf^d.  if  he 
had  not  ofteu  lasted  of  his  bounty/'  In  thia  pr»> 
c^irioua  state  of  dependence  piisaed  the  life  of  a  man 
who  is  charged  with  no  want  of  industry,  suspected 
of  no  extravagance,  and  whose  works  were,  at  that 
very  period,  the  boost  and  delight  of  the  stage ! 

*'  1'he  Bashful  Lover"  is  the  latest  play  of  Mas- 
atnger'^s  wTitiug  which  we  possess,  but  there  were 
three  otljers  posterior  to  it,  of  which  the  last,  '*  The 
Auchoresft  of  Pausilippo,  was  ftcted  Jan.  !£6,  1610, 
about  sis  weeks  before  his  deelh.  Previous  to  this, 
he  sent  to  the  press  one  of  hia  early  plays,  "'The 
Unnaturail  Combat."  which  he  inscribed  to  Anthony 
Sentlegor  (whose  father,  Sir  Wareham,  had  b»»en  hia 
particuiur  admirer),  being,  as  he  says,  umbitious  to 
publicih  Ids  many  favours  to  ibe  world.  It  h  pleasant 
to  find  the  author,  at  the  close  of  his  blamt^le^s  life, 
avowing,  aa  he  here  daen^  with  nn  amiable  modesty, 
that  the  noble  and  eminent  ]>ersons  to  whom  hia 
former  works  were  dedicated,  did  not  tliink  them- 
selves  disparaged  by  being  '*  celebratc<d  aa  the  pa- 
trons of  bis  humble  studies,  in  the  first  lite  of 
which,"  he  contines  *^  I  am  amjidfnt  you  shall  bav« 
DO  eauaa  to  bluab  to  find  3'our  name  written." 

Mftsainger  died  on  the  1 7th  of  March,  1640.  He 
went  to  bed  in  good  health,  says  Langbaine,  and 
was  found  dead  in  tbe  morning  in  his  own  bouse  on 
the  Qankd^ide.  He  was  buried  In  tbe  churchyard  of 
St.  Saviour^a,  and  tbe  comedians  paid  the  lost  sad 
duty  to  his  name,  by  attending  bim  to  tbe  grave. 

I't  does  not  appear,  from  the  atrictest  search,  that 
a  stone,  or  inacnption  of  any  kind,  marked  the  place 
where  his  dust  was  deposited  :  even  tbe  memoriol 
of  his  mortality  is  given  with  a  pathtitic  brevity, 
which  accords  but  too  well  with  the  obscure  and 
humble  passages  of  his  life  :  '*  March  20,  lt}J9-40, 
buried  Philip  Maaaioger,  a  stranger!"  No  flowers 
were  flung  into  bis  grave,  no  etegies  **  soothed  bia 
hovering  spirit,^'  and  of  all  the  admirers  of  bis  taU 
enta  and  his  worth,  none  but  Sir  Aston  Cockayne, 
dedicated  a  line  to  hi^i  memory.  It  would  be  an 
abuse  of  lunguago  to  honour  any  composition  of  Sir 
Aston  with  the  name  ol  poetry,  but  the  steodineaa 
of  his  regard  for  Miis.iiiiigt)r  may  be  justly  praised. 
In  that  collection  of  doggrel  rhymes,  which  I  have 
already  mentioned,  (p.  xv,)  there  is  *'  au  epitaph  on 
Mr.  John  Fletcher,  and  Mr.  Philip  Massinger,  who 
tie  bulb  buried  in  one  grave  in  St.  Mary  Qtery's 
church,  in  Southwark  : 

**  In  the  some  grave  was  Fletcher  buried,  here 
Lies  tbe  ata^e-poet  Philip  Massinger  ; 
Plays  tht«y  did  write  together,  were  great  friends, 
And  now  one  grave  iticludes  them  in  their  ends. 
I'o  whom  on  earth  nothing  could  part,  beneath 
Here  in  their  ftime  they  lie,  in  apight  of  death." 

It  is  aarely  somewhat  singular  that  of  a  man  of 
iuoh  emioence,  nothing  ahould  be  known.  What  [ 
have  presumed  to  gire,  is  merely  the  hiatory  of  the 


(if  e  ippearflnce  of  Lis  worlcs  ;  and  I  sm  «ware 
►  ftource  from  whence  aoy  additiooal  informiitioni 
^MA  In!  derived  ;  no  anecdotes  are  recorded  of  bim 
hf  bii  conretnpomriei,  few  caaua)  imintioiis  of  hia 
■tiiM»  occur  io  the  writinj^s  of  the  time,  and  ii«  bad 
itot  ihe  ^h1  fortune  which  Attended  many  of  Ie«a 
enineac«,  to  titract  attention  at  the  Teiriral  of  dra- 
matie  literature  from  the  deathlike  torpor  of  the  la- 
•mneignam*.  But  though  we  are  ig:norant  of  every 
circumstance  reapecting  Mwaing^ert  hut  thai  be  lived 
and  diedf,  we  may  jet  form  to  oarstflves  aome  idea 
of  bia  pQTMnal  character  from  the  incidental  hinta 
■cattirr«d  through  bia  worka.  Io  what  tight  he  wfta 
regmrdcd  may  be  collected  from  tlie  recommendatory 

I  pocoDa  prefi  led  to  hia  aeveral  plays,  in  i/«bich  the 
MAgimge  of  bis  panegyrista^  though  wurm,  expresses 

I I  an  «tli«bmeat  appmrently  derived  not  so  much  from 

Ibis  takqoktA  aa  hia  rinoea ;  he  ii^  as  Davi^  has  oh' 
t   aflnned;   their    kelmmif  much-etteemftlt  dettrt   uan-ihtft 
I     dgmningt  ktmimndt  kng  kntmin,  and  Umg  ioved/riend^ 
I    6ce.«  Ac.     All  tbe  writers  of  bia  life  unite  in  repre- 
iaocio^  bim  aa  a  man  o(  aingular  modeaty,  geotle- 
I   IMS*,  oaiidoiir.aad  aflability ;  nor  does  it  app«ir  that 
'     b«  «««r  made  or  fonnd  an  enemy.    He  apeaks^  indeed, 
I     of  opponents  on  the   stage,  hut   tbe   conteniion  of 
,     rival  candidates  for  popular  favour  must  not  be  con> 
i'  'iMiled    with   personal   hostility.      With  all    this, 
;  >  <<  i^ver,  be  appeera  to  have  maintained  a  constant 
^gMH^le  with  adrertity  ;  since  not  only  the  atage, 
HHjKrhicii,  perhaps »  hiA  natural  reserve  prevented 
B^^B^m  deriving  tbe  usual   advantages,  but  even 
'^  the   bounty  of  hia  narticular  friends,  on  which    he 
chiefly  relied,  left  him  in  aatate  of  absolute  depend- 
'    wiocu     Jonaon.  Fletcher,   Shirley,  and  oihers,  not 
aiiperiur  to  bim  in  ahiliiiea.  bad  their  periods  of  good 
fartuoe,  their  bngfatj  as  welt  as  their  stormy  hours  i 
I  kat  Mtaaiftger  seema  to  have  enjoyed  no  gleam  of 
I    jMMiahine  ,    Lis  life  was  all  one  wintry  day,  and 

**  abadows,  clouds,  and  darkness/'  rested  upon  it. 
•  Davioa  finds  a  servility  in  hi*  dedications  which 
I  have  not  been  able  to  discover  ;  tbey  are  princi- 
I  patty  characieriaed  by  gratitude  und  humility. without 
a  single  trait  of  that  groea  and  servile  adulation 
which  diatioguisbea  and  disgraces  the  addresaes 
of  MMne  of  bis  contemporariea*  That  he  did  not 
'  bia  misery,  hia  editors  sppeur  inclined  to 
I  among  bis  fuults;  he  bore  it,  however,  witb- 
Itopatience,  and  we  only  bear  of  it  when  it  is 
^IteTed,  Poverty  made  him  no  flatterer,  and»  what 
i  adn  more  imre^  do  maligner  of  the  grtmt  i  nor  is 
one  sjmptom  of  eory  ouinifested  in  any  pmt  of  bis 
coin  positions. 

His  principles  of  patriotism  appi^nr  irreprehen- 
fible  »  tbe  ejxtravagant  juid  slavish  doctrines  which 
are  foond  in  the  dramas  of  his  great  couteoiporaries, 
Dske  no  part  of  bia  creed,  in  which  the  warmest 
loyattj  ia  akilfullv  combined  with  just  and  rational 
of  political  freettom*  Nor  is  this  the  only 
Hditince  in  which  the  rectitude  of  hia  mind  is  ap 
nt ;  the  writers  of  his  day  abound  in  rccom* 
datioos  of  suicide  j  be  is  uniform  in  the  repre- 

I  we   tbidt  hottiktter   mcniltui.     Even  in 

1    fale  par»«ed    bira,   and   he  wu    Hang 

L  j!y,  llul  bit  tpoili  oiigkil  bv  worn  wilbout 

»it«ly  to  be  lamented  tlt^t  Sir  A*tim  Cock  vane, 

i.tirii  hi:*    k'iiurr    \n  WPtiiaritHi  out  dntl  p^ro»c 

<>1    not  employed    a    part  at   il  ia 

i  the  dramatic  poiU,  v,ilh  wbooi 

I,  4 (id  wlioua  be  profcide»  to  mncl) 


hens  ion  of  it,  with  a  single   exception,  to  which, 
f>erh«ip^,   be  was  led  by  the   peculiar  turn   of  bia 
studies*.     Guilt  of  every  kiod  is  tisually  left  to  the 
Duni^hment  of  divine  justice  :    even  the  wretched 
iVIalefort  excuses  himself  to  bis  son  on  bis  super*    i 
oattinil  appearance,  becsttse  the  latter  was  not  marktd    I 
out  hu  heaven  for  bis  mother*s  avenger;    and  the    ! 
young,  tbe  brave,  the  pious  Cbaratois  accounts   bis 
death  fallen   upon  him   by  tbe  will  of   heaven,  be- 
cause **ht  matlt  himMif  ajudgt  in  his  PtVH  eauBt." 

Bnt  tbe  great,  the  glorious  distinction  of  Mas- 
singer,  ia  tbe  uniform  respect  with  which  he  treats 
religion  and  its  mtnisten,  in  an  age  when  it  was 
found  necessary  to  add  regulation  to  regulation,  to 
slop  tbe  growth  of  impiety  on  tbe  slage«  No  pnesta 
are  tntroauced  by  bim,  "  to  sec  on  aome  quantity  of 
barren  spectators*'  to  laugh  at  their  licentious  foU 
ties^  the  sacred  name  is  not  lightly  invoked,  nor 
daringly  sported  with  ;  nor  ia  Scripture  |>rofaned  by 
buffoon  allusions  lavishly  pat  into  the  moutba  of 
fools  and  women. 

To   this  brief   and  desultory  dcV  <  f   his 

mind,  it  may  be  expected  that  somt^^  I  l»ere 

be  added  of  bis  talents  for  dramiiii.  .  .-^  ,»ition; 
but  this  is  happily  rendered  unnecessary*  The 
kindness  of  Dr.  rerriar  bas  allowed  me  to  annex  to 
this  introduction  tbe  elegant  and  ingenious  '*  Esssy 
on  niasainger/*  first  printed  in  the  third  volume  of 
the  ■*  Manchester  Transactions  ;"  and  I  shall  pre- 
sently have  to  notice,  in  a  more  particular  manner, 
the  value  of  the  assistance  which  bss  been  expresiily 
given  to  me  for  this  work.  These,  if  I  do  not  de* 
ceive  myielf,  leave  little  or  nothing  to  be  desired  on 
the  peculiar  qualities,  the  excellencies,  and  defects^ 
of  this   much  neglected  and  much  injured  writer, 

Mr.  M.  Mason  bas  remarked  the  general  har< 
mony  of  bis  numbers,  in  which,  indeed,  Msssijiger 
stJinds  unrivalled.  He  setms,  however,  inclined  to 
make  a  partial  exception  in  favour  of  Shak£^>tare ; 
hut  I  cannot  admit  of  its  propriety.  The  claims  of 
tins  great  poet  €n  the  admir&tioD  of  mankind  are 
innumerable,  but  rhythmical  modulation  is  not  oue 
of  tbem,  nor  do  1  tliink  it  either  wise  or  just  to  hold 
him  fonh  aa  aupereminent  in  ever^-  quality  which 
cnnatitutes  genius,  Beaumont  ts  as  sublime^ 
Fletcher  as  pathetic,  and  Jonaon  as  nervous  : — nor 
let  it  be  accounted  poor  or  niggard  praise,  to  allow 
him  only  an  equality  with  tlieae  extraordinary  men 
tn  their  peculiar  excellencies,  while  be  is  adrnittt^d 
to  possess  many  otlierSj  to  which  they  make  no  ap- 
proaches. Indeed,  if  I  were  asked  for  the  dis- 
criminating quality  of  Sbakspeare'a  mind,  that  by 
which  he  is  raised  above  all  competition,  abovi^  nil 
prospect  of  rivalry,  I  should  say  it  was  wit.  To 
wit  Ma:§isinger  has  no  pretensions,  though  he  ia  not 
without  a  considerable  portion  of  humour  ;  in  which, 
however,  he  is  surpassed  by  Retciier,  whose  atvle 
heurs  some  aifinity  to  his  own  ;  there  is,  indet'if,  n 
morbid  &ot\nesa  in  the  poetry  of  tJie  latter,  whith  is 
not  visible  in  the  flowing  sod  vigorous  metre  of 
Massinger,  but  the  general  manner  is  not  unliket. 


•See  "Tlie  Dokc  of  MOao-"  The  frequent  vlolaitoti  of 
(vmaW  chumitv,  ^hkh  tiwk  pUce  tm  ihtlr  rnptlun  of 
tbe  barbarlAfH  "into  Jlnly.  gave  rise  to  many  eurlou>  di»» 
qu'»«iiion>  mnoDK  Ihc  faitb<rft  «t  Uif  chunli,  rftDcctimc 
tbe  degree  nf  guiU  incurrv*!  U\  preveniiuf  »t  by  ««]r  mur- 
der.     Miiiiiugt-r  huti  the*e.   pn>)»tib1y,    in    Ida  iboui^hfi. 

t  Tliete  iJi  yet  a  pt'tnAimtliY  wbkli  il  may  b«  proppr  to 
aoticr.  At  il  codtrlbawk  In  a  ili|bt  Ucgree  to  tkc  llueucj^  ot 


INTRODUCTION. 


Witli  Massing^r  termiDited  the  triumph  of  dra- 
mftiic  poetry  ;  indefsd^the  stiige  il&eif  aurriv^  him 
but  ft  short  tinKf,  The  nation  wm*  convulaed  to 
iU  centre  by  contending  fai-tiona,  and  a  8«t  of 
tuatere  and  gloomy  faaflttcs^  eucniiea  to  erery  ele* 
gfttit  aJDuaement,  and  every  social  relaxation,  rose 
upon  the  ruins  of  the  ilaie.  Exasjwmted  by  tlie 
ridicule  wiib  which  thi?v  had  long  bevn  covered  1>y 
tlie  Alngv^  they  perflecuted  the  actora  with  unrelent- 
ing aeventy,  and  coniigned  them,  together  with  the 
writers,  to  hopeteaa  obseurity  and  wretchednesa. 
Taylor  died  in  the  extreme  of  poverty,  Shirley 
opeaed  a  little  icbool,  and  Lowin,  the  booat  of  the 
stage,  kept  an  alehouse  at  Brsniford  ; 

Balneolum  Gabm,fum0t  ecndueen  R^ma 
Teniarunt  /       -- 

Others,  and  those  the  far  greater  number,  joined  tbe 
royal  standard,  and  exerted  themselves  with  more 
gfiillaTitry  than  good  fortune  in  the  service  of  their 
old  and  indulgent  master. 

\V>  have  not  yet,  perhaps,  fully  estimated,  and 
certainly  not  yet  fully  recovered,  what  was  lost  in 
tbttt  unfortunate  struggle.  The  arts  were  rapidly 
advancing'  to  perfection  under  the  fotitering  wing  of 
a  monarch  who  united  in  himself  Uiste  to  feelj  spirit 
to  uiiderUke.  and  munitice&ce  to  reward.  Archi- 
tecture, painting,  and  poetry,  were  by  tunis  the  ob- 
jects of  his  patif'rnal  care.  Sbakspeare  was  his 
**  closet  companion/'^  Joqsod  hia  poet^  end  io  con- 
junction with  Inigo  JoneSf  his  favoured  architect, 
produced  tliose  magnificent  entertainments  which, 
though   modem  refinement  may  afiect  to  deispise 


M*niti{tfr*i  itylc^  it  h,  the  reiolntfon  of  his  word*  CitadI 
prlncipJilly  of  xhntc  ^hicb  ar«  dcHvrd  from  th«  Lnijii 
tlirrai^n  iji«  mnJlum  of  the  Frcncli)  into  tliclr  cumpi^Dent 
•^tinbki.  ytiiumis,  partial,  maiion,  &c,,  Ac  ,  be  iisniillly 
nmlie*  d4Ct>tB  {if  U  be  i»ut  pe^l^iitk  to  apply  ivnm  Jf 
meaitire  tu  a  lanEitJirii-  teqoainivd  unly  with  ^cci  nt),  poising 
uvrr  Ihi'  lael  t\*v  »yM;«l»lr»  w^tfi  a  gi'orle  bnt  dit^liiiri  man- 
clatlun.  Ttili  pr«(!lke,itii<tt;c4Jt  ti  iH'C]i»ional]ly  adopttNl  by  all 
the  writt'i>  of  ttlB  Unte,  but  lii  MjM'iiiger  It  U  rreqnvut  un4 
tiabttnaU  Thit  »iii|£al4rity  may  ilighrtv  tmbairuM  the  render 
St  fit%U  ^*>t  <^  l^ttJc  4<r|iMiMi«nce  vf\l\  «how  \ia  advantage*, 
and  rrnder  tt  f\M  i>tAy  t:n*y  i»nt  Jrlightrnl* 

♦  IJit  "Chut  Compttniint,"]  MHnm,  and  certainly  wiib 
DO  tynipluiii9  of  di»ii(jprubalion^  menlicvni,  »  a  fad  univtrr- 
tatty  ktiuwn.  tlii!  fumla>CB^»  of  the  Mttfurtuttnte  Charlea  fur 
ih*  ptnyn  or  8h«l(vp4-«rf! ;  Mnd  ft  aLpptMra.  from  llvMt  curlotii 
n^irtJoiiHrii  cullvcivit  from  8ir  Henry  Herbert,  by  Mr.  Mn- 
finnr,  thitt  hti  «ttachmctit  to  tikc  ilrAina,  and  bl»  Hn^iciy  for 
lia  ptffertion,  bctjau  with  his  reign.  The  pM  of**  The 
fiam«iiter/' one  of  thf  b^ct  of  Shirley 't  piecei,  wai  %\veo 
U*  him  by  the  kiu^ ;  aii'l  thrrs  ii  an  «nrrt]i«>te  reconled  by 
tbe  Mauler  of  tbv  Rivtt».  wiiitrh  thoivi  that  l>e  uaa  not  iiui- 
trUlive  tn  the  fliicci-M  i<f  Ma»»iij.|;er. 

"At  Cfe*n»lcb  *hl*  I  uf  June  f«038),  Mr.  W.  Mumy 
five  nire  |M»»»'r  fmni  the  Wlnjj  lo  «lkiw  of  "  Thr  King  aud 
U»e   Siibjeet,"  iud  tould  iuv«  that  be  wonhl  warrant  it : 

*♦  *  Moni«»  I  We'll  raifte  tnppllei  what  way  we  pleaiCi 
And  tofce   yon  to  iinb«erib«  Id  blmikp,  in  «*hich 
Welt  innlct  yon  »  wr  Khull  thtnk  1\u    The  Caesar* 

Io  R '^*i>-  wLmv  ,1.  Utii.\il»i]|;in|{  no  lawi 

Dmt  ',,  til*  wivea 

Atiii  vfluglo 

TlMTll  , 

"Tbl»  U  a  peece  Ukeb  oat  of  Plutvp  Mefachfer't  play 
called  *Th<*  King  and  the  Subjert,"  and  eolered  lierv  for 
e»er  lo  bee  rewn^mbered  by  my  ton  and  tboae  that  caat 
tbetr  eyei  on  It^  in  boooar  of  Klnic  Cbarkt,  mv  mmstet, 
who  tei'j liter  i'vcr  (he  play  at  Ncwmarkel,,  tet  ftii  marke 
DP'  vvitb  bit  own  Iuui4c,  and  ia  theie  worla  : — 

'  J  '■ifftt,  mul  lo  Aw  eAMivarf.* 

'lit  poet  makea  It  tbe  tpMcl)  of  a  klof^p  Don 
Pedro  Qi  Sp^yuCi  and  tpokeu  to  bia  •abjceu." 


Them,  modem  splendour  oerer  rMobed  ttT«Q  io 
thrtug-ht*, 

1'hat  the  tyranny  of  the  commonwealth  should 
sweep  till  this  away,  waa  to  be  expected  :  ibe  cir- 
cumstance not  leas  to  be  wondered  at  than  regretted 
li,  that  when  the  revival  of  monarchy  alfurtied  an 
opportunity  for  reutoring  every  thing  to  ita  prtatine 
place,  DO  adranta^e  should  be  taken  of  it.  Such, 
however,  waa  the  horror  created  in  the  general 
mind,  by  the  perverae  and  unsocial  goremment  from 
which  they  bad  »o  fbrtuoately  escaped,  ibat  tlie 
people  appear  to  bare  anxiously  uvoidvd  all  retro- 
spect ;  and  with  Prynne  and  Vicars,  to  have  lost 
light  of  SboJfspetire  and  **  hia  feliowa."  Instead, 
therefore,  of  taking  up  dramatic  poetry  (for  to  thia 
my  subject  confines  me)  where  it  abruptly  ceased  iu 
the  labours  of  Massingor,  thev  elicited,  as  it  were,  a 
manner  of  their  own,  or  fetched  it  from  the  beat y 
monotony  of  their  continental  neigbboars.  Tbe 
esse,  the  elegance,  the  simplicity,  the  copioumesa  of 
the  former  period,  were  as  if  they  bad  never  been  ; 
and  jangltnc:  and  blustering  declamation  took  pine* 
of  nature,  truth,  and  sense.  £iren  crittciam,  which. 
in  the  former  reigo,  bad  been  making  no  ioconsi- 
demhie  progress  under  tlie  inilueace  and  diret^tioo 
of  the  great  masters  of  Italy,  was  now  diverted  into 
a  new  channel,  and  only  studied  in  the  puny  and 
jejune  canons  of  their  unwortliy  follow  era,  tbe 
French* 

the  Heslomtion  did  little  for  Massinger ;  tltis, 
however,  will  tbe  less  surprjse  us,  when  we  &nd 
that  he  but  ahareil  the  fortune  of  o  greater  name.  It 
appears  from  a  list  of  revived  plays  preserved  by 
Downes  tbe  prompter,  that  of  twentip'-one,  two 
onlyt  were  written  by  Sbakspeare  t  ••  The  Bond- 
man," and  '*  The  Roman  Actor,"  were  at  length 
brought  forward  by  Betterton,  who  probably  coo- 
ceived  them  to  be  favourable  to  his  fine  powers  of 
declamation.  We  are  told  by  Downes,  that  be 
gained  *' great  applause"  in  tbem :  bis  success, 
however,  did  not  incite  him  to  the  revival  of  the 
reat,  though  lie  mi^^ht  have  found  among  the  num- 
ber ample  scope  for  the  display  of  his  highest 
tiiWnts.  1  can  find  but  iwo  more  of  Mas^ir^ger's 
plays  which  were  octed  in  the  period  immediately 
following  tbe  Reiloration,  '*  Tbe  Virgin -Martyr, ' 
and  '*The  Renegado:"  1  have,  indeed,  aomo  idea 
that  "  The  Old  Law"  should  be  added  to  the  scanty 
list  t  but  havmg  mislaid  my  memorandumSf  I  can- 
not affirm  it. 

The  time,  however^  arrived,  when  he  was  to  be 
remembered.  Nicholaa  Rowe,  a  man  gifted  by  na- 
ture with  taste  aod  feeling,  dii^gustcd  at  tbe  tumid 
vapidity  of  his  own  times,  turned  bis  attention  Co 
tbe  poets  of  a  former  age,  and,  among  the  reat^  to 

•That  the  emhibltion  of  1liu#e  mattia  w«?  .».i^...i.,i  .%ttb  , 
coQtfdcral'le  degree  of  e\pt-tii«  caimc^t  b*  I'N  ft 

qftetlion  rnay  Ik<  iTifxtrBdy  atiirtrd.  *M'helher  II  '  <nU 

inl|i,bt  not  have  twtn  *»  rationally  aiid  *■  cu... ;.   — I  onl 

cm  one  of  them  at  TlbbalU'*,  Altb€ipe,iir  Lndiow  CaeUe*  ai 
(m  s  baikel  *4  nnrH*  fruit  i 

But  wr  are-  f«llrij  Uu\tt^[  t    lite  fi»(iv«l  nf  the  l.«.i   t>t»  ^i 
ll>»    H*Th    prv«i-nietl  in  upiKtrtiinilj  f'-r  a  m.i»k    ■; 
lo  the  tMbject,  in  wl^ich  Ukle  ilioirM  huve  iinlteil  ^ 
denr.       H'hoae    tJticJitP    were  ctnploycd    on   tlif    ^.     .. 
caimn    I    rjiDiaot    pretend    lo   uy^  bitl  ntinredly     lUe    Ire- 
qaenteia  of  Bailbi>iomew  fair  ^cte  nrvcr  invited   to   »  vite 
and  tcnjieleaa  an  evbibitlon,  a*  w  iii<  prodtired  at  Rant  lagh  foe 
the  eiiTirl^lniocDt  of  the   n^^bUity  and  gentry  of  ihc  nnite<1 
kiDgdurn. 

T  Ttea  ohI^]  And  of  (he*v  two,  one  was  "Tlttit  Ainlfi*- 
nicna!" 


mim 


INTRODUCTION. 


AMStngsr.     Plessed   «t   the  discovery  of  a   mind 
ng«nwl  to  bis  ovfq,  be  studied  him  witb  mtleDlion, 
'Bad  codeeTOurrd  to   form  a   style   on   hia   model. 
SiiftTity.  ease,  ele'gsnce,  all  that  close  application  and 

Pfl«dul6ii»  imitaiioQ  could  gire»  Rowe  acquired  from 
p^msaJ  of   Massinger:    faomour,  ricbDesi«  ri- 
tr^  tod  sublimity,  the  gifts  of  nature,  wete  not  tCr 
eau^ht,  and  do  not,  indeed,  appear  m  tay  of  bii 
Itif snout  compoiitioDa, 
lttw9r  bowever,   bad  diicHmiaatioD   and  judg- 
~  Bt  J  be  was  ali^*  to  the  ^eat  and  striking  excel- 
of  tbe  Poet^  and  formed  the  resoludon  of 
ntitjg  him  to  the  world  in  a  correct  and  uniform 
iliticm.     It  is  told  in  the  preface  to  *'  The  Bond* 
f*  (printed  in  1719),  sod  there  is  no  reaaon  to 
'  I  toe  veracity  of  the  aKirmation,  that  Howe  bod 
die   whole  of  Maasinger's   works,  witli  a 
to  thetr  publication:  unfortunately,  however^ 
^«  «ras  seduced  from  bis  purpose  by  the  mmta  of 
'  '  Fttlal  Dowry."     The  pathetic  sad  interesting 

I  of  thi-s  domestic  drama  have  such  irresistible 
_  r  over  the  best  feelings  of  the  reader,  that  be 
ermined  to  srail  himself  of  iheir  ejccellence,  and 
fnme  a  aecond  tragedy  on  tlie  aame  atory.  How  he 
altered  and  adapied  lb«  events  to  bis  own  concep- 
tiooa  is  told  by  Mr.  Cumberland,  with  equal  ele- 
gance and  taste,  in  the  £May  which  follows  the 
otiginal  piece*." 

Flettsed  witb  the  aveeaaa  of  bis  perfortnancef, 
Howe  conceived  the  uogenerous  idea  of  appropri- 
the  whole  of  its  merits  ;    and,  from  that  in* 
^  appears  not  only  to  bare  giran  up  all  thoughts 
ssioger,  but  to  baye  avoided  all  mention  of  hia 
lu   the   base  and  aemle  dedication  of  bis 
agedy  to  the  Docbei*  olOrmoud,  while  he  founda 
his  claim  to  bar  patronage  on  the  interesting  nature 
bf  the  ttcvnc^s.  be  suffers  not  a  bint  to  escstJO  him 
hat    he   was  indebted  for  them  to   any   preceding 
enter. 

It  miy  fleam  atrsoge  that  Rowe  should  flatter  bim- 
wif  witb  the  hope  of  evading  detection  :  that  hope» 
however^  was  not  so  t'xtravogani  as  it  may  appear  at 
priaent.     Few  ot  our  old  dramas  were  then  on  sale : 
I  of  Sbaicspe4&re,  Jonaoi}«  and  Fletcher,  indeed « 


,r.l.    iTtiiV    V.  I   ljr  li^MfHprt  Oil   UlU  Itltli^Ct.        Thf 

1 1  ly  soperiof  to  tluf  of 

r(li>  better  than  ■  speci- 

'..  t.'hed  the  moft  Mdacing 

»4:Jo)|u«ucv  on  LuUiajiu,  aad  Actc<i,  ibrouc^uiiit 

i  It   be  «ifldj«d  to  frunc  an  cxchm;  f^r  CjihtM  : 

olDKct   h«*  pL«c«d  Ui«    crime  of    Bcanmelle 

sbd  proper   lii^lit       U«aaineU«   caii  hsve  do 

<  in  her  giiUt: — do  frail  one  can  Drf«   that  «be  wsi 

r  her  cuunple;  fur  Nov«ll  h4i  nottiing  but  peraonal 

d  ev^n  io  xhwi  be  b  lurpnued  by  Churslob.  For  lb« 

«D<]  ol  CalUu,  Howe  4^vtttce»  aeociafMlenitiiiii, 

Mr-i:tr    lit-,    r. m'.f'ml    Charsloli  tl»e  roo»t  Inlcr- 

I  rodacetJ  on  the  ita{;«, 

<  c,  iu  fimc  me^ifure,  to  the 

I        'Li-ite  agttTit  of  >o<iii^  Novjill, 

■  Caller;!,     Indeift.  ibr  ItnprtMicm  Vkbirb 

.  wa»  »o  etroiiKt  Itiat  hv  ntrnai  bii  tmKefly 

:  aiftef  the  hvrolDc  v(  his  onvn  pivcc  :  Beaa- 

u]^  die  Pair  Fenitent,  Kthercas  Cittiita  it  nciiber 

ii«i«  Dor  lest  than  «  bsufbty  «iid  ab^ioduittMl  •trumpet. 

t  J'ktf  mtctxta  qf  kiM  mifrfi*rmanre,\      Tltis  waa  wMiicwhwt 

obleiBStJcal  at  first.     For  llionirh  "  Tbc  Fair  FcnU«i)l"  be 

r  a  ceneral  ra^uorUe  witb  the  Iowd,  it  experience  k  cuo- 

rsMe  uppotitioD  od  iu  appearance^  owing,  an    Buwnci 

w,  **if>  ibe  Itatnctf  of  the   ft^nrtb  and  fifth  ac(»>** 

r  poverty  <jf  Rowe'i  g^niat  is  priocipAlty  nppflrrnt  in  the 

ti   «r  wbidi   t^  plol  Aiid    the    cjLcculiuu   arc   equally 


had  b«en  collected  i  depredadons  on  them,  there- 
fora,  iboQgb  frequently  made,  were  attended  with 
some  degree  of  hazard ;  but  the  works  >'*  >' 
ger,  few  of  whiih  had  reached  a  aeeond  < 
scattered  in  single  plays,  and  might  be  a^ ;     ,  1 

without  fear.  What  printed  copies  or  msauBcnpts 
were  exianty  were  chiefly  to  be  found  in  pnvate  li- 
hraries,  not  easily  accessihle,  nor  often  brougLi  iq 
sale;  and  it  is  not,  perhaps,  too  much  to  »«iy  that 
more  old  plays  may  now  be  found  in  the  hnndi  of  a 
single  bookseller,  than,  in  tbe  days  of  Howe,  were 
syppoied  to  be  in  exiat«uce. 

'*  Ibe  Fair  Penitent*'  was  produced  in  1705,  and 
the  Author,  baring  abaodoDeJ  bis  first  design,  un* 
dertook  to  prepare  for  the  press  tbe  works  of  a  poet 
more  worthy,  it  must  be  confessed,  of  hia  care,  but 
not  in  equal  watU  of  bla  assistance;  and,  in  1709, 
gave  tbe  public  the  first  octavo  edition  of  Shakspeara» 

What  might  have  been  the  present  ntok  of  .Mmmih- 
ger,  if  Rowe  bad  completed  bis  purpose,  it  would  be 
presumptuous  to  deiermine :  it  may^,  however,  be 
conjectured  that,  reprinted  with  accuracy,  corrected 
with  judgment,  and  illustrated  with  ingenuity,  he 
would,  Qt  least,  have  been  more  generiilly  known*, 
and  suffered  to  occupy  a  station  of  greater  reaiHJCts- 
btiity  than  he  has  hitherto  been  permitted  to  assume. 

Massin ger,  thus  plundered  and  abaiuloned  by 
Rowe,  was,  after  b  coasiderable  lapae  of  time,  taken 
up  by  Thomas  Coxeter,  of  *vhom  I  know  nothing 
more  thau  is  delivered  by  Mr.  Egertoo  Brydges« 
in  bis  useful  and  ingenious  additions  to  tbe  **  Tboa> 


*  M^re  pmtruUf  btoum,]  It  dttes  not  appear  froin  Joho- 
too^i  obKTVBtioui  on  *'Tbr  Fdir  Feaiiifnt,  ib«t  litr  bad  any 
knowledge  of  Mauin^er;  ^lEcvrnit  I  have  !K>iue  leason  tu 
tbiok,  UHjk  hlin  op  Ult^  in  life  ',  and  Mr.  Mulonv  ob^ervri  to 
inc^  that  be  only  oDosaiteil  biin  fur  verbal  illaslratluai  of  bbiik* 
■pearc,  Tbia  i»  imnvly  a  labject  for  reRret ;  bol  we  may  be 
aUuwtd  to  comptain  a  tittle  of  lbo«e  who  di»CQS»  hit  nierfl* 
wilboat  exacntniag  liia  workSj»  and  traduce  bla  character  on 
tbefr  own  raUeoncepiioni,  Capellt  who»e  dull  Bdi-liry  forma 
tbr  sole  claim  oi»  our  kltidDesi,  bci'omva  both  irkacrnratc  untf 
nnjuattbeinatatithe  ipeak«  of  Mat^tuger;  bcaccaar*  him  of 
betitj^  ofic  of  the  props  of  JoDaon 'a  throne,  in  opposition  tmhe 
prelcnaioDH  of  5bakipeare4  I  The  revcn>e  of  this  i»  tbe  truth: 
be  was  lb  V  admirer  and  tinitatorot  Sbfikspcare,  and  itisscaree- 
\y  poisiblc  to  look  lotu  one  of  bL»  pnilociLea,  wlibont  discover- 
ing some  olldfion,  more  ur  let*  coiii^arpd , to  the  overwheliTi'^ 
log  pride  and  arrogaiice  of  Jonaon.  This  dijlDcliDHtion  to 
the  latter  wnJ  no  aecret  to  bb  contemporaritii,  vihlle  bit  par* 
lialily  to  tbtr  former  waa  ao  notoiiiHifli.  ibat  io  a  motk 
Tommacff  entitled  "Wit  and  Fancy  in  a  Maie^  or  Dun 
Zant  del  Fi>%o,'*  19mo,  1056  (ihc  knowleilge  of  which  waa 
obilgidgly  communicated  to  me  by  llie  Rev.  W.  TuliiJ, 
where  an  uproar  amongst  the  Eniifiah  pwli  [■  dcKribed. 
Malinger  ii  cipresaly  iotriMluci^rl  a«  "one  of  the  lU'it 
raard»  lo  Shak*peanc."  So  inacb  ft»r  the  antefof  Capdl  !— 
hot  MaMinger'a  ill  frite  alit)  purtaef  him.  In  a  Lilt-  l->My  nfi 
tbc  ttage,  wriiten  with  coni^iderablc  iii]jcnni(i|/,  thw  aiKborJti 
Blviag  a  cbriifiological  bi&tory  of  dramatic  wiit<:r»  frnm 
Backville  dowawanti,  overlooks  Mauingi-r  till  be  artivA  al 
oar  own  iimea.  He  then  recollect ■  that  he  wan  one  of  tbe 
fatheri  of  tlie  drama  ;  and  addi+  that  "*  hi»  »lyU  was  rouj/ht 
manly,  and  tigoroaa,  Uul  be  prcased  upon  bta  mibject  y\\ih 
m  severe  btii  mn»terly  band,  that  hi«  wit  waa  caustic,"  di<.  If 
this  isenllcman  had  ever  looked  Into  the  poet  he  thu»  vharae- 
turif4^«  he  mriBt  have  InMantly  recot^niRcd  hii  error.  Man- 
finger  bat  no  ttfit,  and  bli  tiumuar,  in  which  be  abonud«,  ia 
of  B  liv;hland  fruUc  nalnre  ;  be  prevscf  nol  Qn  hi»  iubj*  ct  nith 
amrWfy,  but  with  fulnet^  cif  knowkdi^e  -,  and  bi»  atylu  la  m 
far  fjTOJa  roi/i/hnten,  that  iU  charactcriJtlc  eicetlencc  it  t 
■tweetneas  beyond  exnmple.  *'  Wbt>evcr/'  Myn  Johnson^ 
•*  widhefl  to  HUm»  an  EncliJih  atyle  fnniiliar  bm  nol  eo4r*e, 
and  elegant  hut  not  ostentations,  tnunl  K***  ^l*  day*  and 
ni^hla  tki  the  volumes  of  Addlion."  Whoever  w^Mikl  add  1o 
theac  ihc  i:]aa1ilie4  of  timpUcity,  purity,  aweelne»fr,  toil 
Btrength*  most  dtivote  hU  honra  to  the  study  of  Maasinfer. 

i  See  hit "  InlrDdaciiun  to  Sbakapcftn'a  Ttayi/'  Vol.  I.  p.  14* 


i 


INTRODUCTION. 


tfum  Poetnrum*/*  **  He  wis  born  of  %n  ftncteot 
•od  r^spffclablti  family,  at  Leeblnde,  in  Glouc«jiter- 
ftltire,  if)  1(VB9,  ami  educated  at  Trinity  College. 
Ox  lord,  wbBrtj  he  wore  a  cirilmn's  gown,  and  about 
1710,  ab.indonin*^  tl>e  civH  law^  and  every  other 
prnfik^sioQ,  oamo  to  London,  Here  continuing^ 
witbout  any  tiettled  purpose,  be  became  acq  uu  in  ted 
with  bookaellt^ra  and  auLnora»  and  ama«sed  materials 
for  ft  biogranliy  of  our  old  p0€la.  He  bad  a  curitjus 
eoUeotionof  old  pUys,  and  wiia  ibe  first  who  formed 
tb«  8«beme  adopted  by  Dodatey,  of  publishing'  a 
selection  of  tijem/*  ^o* 

Warton  too  catla  Co^eter  a  faithful  and  industrious 
tmasser  of  our  old  En|^Ii«hliteratare.aitd  thia  pmiae, 
whalevnr  be  its  worth,  ts  all  that  cau  be  fairly  said  to 
belong  to  himf  :  as  an  editor  he  is  miierably  defi" 
cient  ;  thoU||!:h  it  appears  tbut  be  whs  not  without 
assistance  which,  in  other  hands,  mij^ht  have  been 
tutniMl  to  some  accnunt.  "  When  1  left  London/' 
•ays  the  accurate  and  in^jtenious  0]dy»»  '*  in  the  year 
17t£4,  to  reside  fn  Yorkshire,  1  left  m  tlio  care  of  the 
Rev,  Mr.  Burridge's  family ,  with  whom  1  bud 
several  years  lod^d,  amount  many  other  books, 
m  copy  of  this  Langbaine,  in  which  I  bad  written 
seveml  notes  and  references  to  further  the  know- 
led  |£e  of  lliese  poets.  W  hen  I  returned  to  London 
in  1750,  I  uoderstood  my  books  had  been  disp«rae>d  ; 
and  afterwards  becomiotf  acquainted  with  Mr. 
Coxeter,  I  found  that  he  had  bought  my  L&ngbatne 
of  a  book&eller,  as  be  was  a  great  collector  of  plays 
and  poetic^il  books.  This  must  have  bei^a  of  service 
to  him,  and  he  has  kept  it  so  carefully  from  my  sight 
tbbt  I  never  could  bare  the  opportunity  of  tranS' 
eribtn^  into  this  1  am  now  writing,  the  notes  I  had 
coU^fcted  in  that.  Whether  I  had  (entered  any 
remarks  upoa  Masain^er,  I  remember  not ;  hut  he 
had  comonunicaiions  from  me  concerning  hini,  when 
he  was  undertuking  to  give  us  a  new  edition  of  Ins 
playSp  which  is  not  published  yet.  He  (Mr,  Cox- 
eter) died  on  the  J 0th  (or  19tlj,  I  cannot  tell  which) 
of  April,  being  Ka»ter  Sunday,  1747,  of  a  fever 
which  grew  from  a  cold  he  caught  at  an  auction  of 
books  over  Exeter  Chunge,  or  by  sitting  up  late  at 
the  larem  afterward^it*'' 

On  the  death  of  Coxe!«»r,  his  collections  for  the 
purposed  edition  of  Matsinger  fell  into  the  hands  of 
a  bootfsoller^  of  tlio  name  of  Uell,  who  giiive  ihein  to 
tic  world  in  1759,  From  the  publisher's  prehice  it 
appears  that  Coxeter  did  not  live  to  complete  bis 
design.  "The  late  tngeduus  Mr.  Coxeter," 
be  says,  "  had  corrected  and  coLtated  all  tlie 
rariou4  editions4 ;"  and^  if  1  may  judge  from 
bis  copies,  he  hsci  spared  no  diligeuce  and  care  to 
mnke  ihem  as  correct  as  possible.  Sevcrrul  tnge- 
iiious  obstrrvatious  and  uotea  he  had   likewise  pre* 


•kill  i*t  Mr.  iiiei'v*Mt». 

1  Jii'|in»uii  inhl  lioivrrll  tliii  ''  a  Mr.  Coxclcn  whom  lie 
knew 4  tmtl  colU'Ctvil  Kb«>ut  nw  htiitttred:  valiiiiii-i  of  pocti 
i»hi>«<  work*  Mrtrre  mini  knuwn :  but  iliAl,  ti|«uo  lila  diNiilt, 
Tom  Dftbftrue  benight  Ihein,  «|ji}  Ihty  wcfc  cU«|ifiiit(l,  which 
h«  Ihoitjjiii  A  (lily ;  N»  it  ««»  carious  Ut  $vt  «My 
•vrl««  cu»o^4rtc,  ttuA  Ui  (n>«r]r  voliimi'  of  p4<«nM  i4«tiK'thfii;K 
fpiMt  liit^hi  be  fuuiid/'  DoivvvU^t  **U(«i  lkc.#  vuL  IL, 
p.  4  At. 

I  Miiiiiiiierl(il     nut«»     on     Liut;b«bie»     la      ftie     fiiitiih 

fTlib  b  feiUu  iifcttcd  ill  Ihc  lllli--ti>4;c — Ifulit  ii  not  ta, 


pered  for  his  intended  edition,  which  are  all  inserted 
to  the  present.  Had  he  lived  to  have  completed  bis 
design,  I  dare  say  he  would  have  added  many  more, 
aud  that  his  work  v^ould  have  met  with  a  very  fa- 
vourable receptioa  from  Brery  person  of  true  taste 
and  genius." 

A.B  Dell  professes  to  bare  followed  CoteWt 
papers,  and  given  all  his  notes,  we  may  form  no 
inadec|uiite  iaea  of  what  the  editioii  would  bttve 
been.  Though  educated  at  the  Unirerssity.  Coi- 
eter  exhibits  no  proofa  of  liiemture.  To  criucal 
sagmcitry  he  has  not  tbe  smalteat  pretensions ;  bis 
conjectures  are  void  alike  of  ingenuity  and  probe* 
biiity,  and  his  bistoncal  refere(nce«  at  once  puerile 
aud  incorrect.  Even  his  parallel  passages  (tbe 
easiest  part  of  an  editor's  bbour)  are  more  calcn* 
loted  to  produce  a  smile  at  the  colleotor*s  expeuae, 
than  to  illustnte  his  author ;  wbUe  every  page  of 
his  work  bears  the  atrom^eat  impression  of  imbt- 
rility.  Tbe  prai^  of  fidelity  may  be  allowed  him  ; 
hut  in  doing  thia  the  unfortunate  Dell  must  be 
churgid  (how  justly  I  know  not)  with  the  innu- 
merable errors  which  over-run  and  deform  the 
edition.  I  need  not  inform  those  who  are  con  vera., 
ant  with  old  copies,  that  the  printers  were  less  at^ 
tentive  to  the  measure  of  theorigiaal,  than  to  filling 
up  the  line,  and  saving  tbeir  paper:  this  Coxeter 
attempted  to  remedy  ;  his  success,  however,  was 
but  partial;  his  vigtianoe  relaxed,  or  his  t4r  failed 
him,  and  hundreds,  perhaps  thousands,  of  verses 
are  given  in  the  cacop heinous  and  un metrical  stste  iu. 
which  they  appear  in  the  early  ediiious,  A  few 
palpable  blunders  are  removed  ;  others,  not  lesa 
remarkable,  are  continued,  and  where  a  word  is 
altered,  under  the  idea  of  improving  the  sense,  it  is 
almost  invariably  for  the  worse.  Upou  tlie  whole, 
Masjiinger  appeiired  to  less  advantage  tbaa  iu  l\m 
old  copies. 

Two  years  afterwards  n76l>,  a  second  edition* 
of  this  work  was  publisheu  by  Mr.  Thomas  Davies^ 
accompanied  by  an  '*  Kssiiy  en  tlie  Old  Hngliah 
Dramatic  Writer,'*  furnished  by  5lr.  Colman,  and 
addressed  to  David  Garrick,  Esq.,  to  whom  Deils 
edition  was  also  inscribed. 

It  may  tend  to  mortify  those,  who,  after  bestow- 
ing unwearied  pains  on  a  work,  look  for  some 
trifling  return  of  praise,  to  find  the  approbation,  which 
should  be  justly  reserved  for  themselves,  thought- 
lessly bviHhed  on  the  most  worthless  productions. 
Of  this  publication,  the  most  ignorant  and  incorrect 
(if  we  except  that  of  Mr,  M,  Mason,  to  which  we 
ahall  speedily  arrive)  that  ever  issued  from  the 
press,  Bishop  Percy  thus  speaks  ;  '*  Mr,  Coxeter'a 
vnHY  conatcT  Eonioj*  of  Massinger**  Plsys 
has  lately  been  published  in  4  vols.  8vo,  by  Air. 
T.  Davies  (which  T.  Daviea  was  many  years  an 
actor  on  Drury-lane  stage,  and  1  believe  still  con- 
tinuea  so,  notwithstanding  his  shop).  To  this 
edition  lA  prefixed  e  auperticial  letter  to  Mr.  Gur- 
rick,  written  by  Mr.  Colman,  but  giving  not  the 
least  account  of  ^lassinger,  or  of  the  old  editions 
from  whence  this  was  composed.  'Tia  great  nity 
Mr.  Coxeter  did  not  live  to  huish  it  himself.*'    It  is 


•  A  ifcond  edfHen]  8e,  at  lcs*t.  It  inklmutri;  but  Mr. 
W.drtiufi,  of  Unify  Lane  (a  mutt  rrkndly  aud  Insji-nitm* 
man,  l'J«v!M>»rimJill  tmicnrUinflibrafy  I  «ni  tnurh  itult-mvU}, 
wiio  u  btutr  itMjiuiiiter}  Miihtlit  Jtct'-oiinvM  or  l»ooli,»cllcr> 
tUsn  1  |>rutctkil  iif  be>  biTonui  nic  tkal  U  u  odI^  0uU'»  wtuh 
4  new  iia(;-p4g(t. 


jj 


INTRODUCTION* 


%%w 


that  hts  lordship  never  compared  a  ftiogle 
this  "  correct  edition*'  with  the  old  copies: 
PADtioa  the  circumstauce  to  point  out  to 
if  eminetiice  ihe  fotJy,  oa  well  as  the  danger, 
ling  at  random  on  any  Bubjeot  which  (hej 
L  preriously  coDiidered. 
U   readily  i>a  suppoaed  that  a  pablication 

waa  not  much  calculated  to  extend  the 
f  or  raiae  the  repuiatioa  of  the  fK>et ;  it 
io«reirer»  a  certain  quantity  of  readers,  and 
r  growui;;  scarce,  wbeo  it  tell  hj aDcidanl into 
la  of  John  Monk  iNIoson,  Elsq. 
77  he  was  faronred  by  a  friend,  a«  ho  tells 
ry,  with  a  copy  of  Maaainger  ^  he  received 
a  high  degree  of  pleasure,  and  having  con* 
I  hahir  of  rectifying^,  m  the  mar^n,  the  mta- 
f  iuch  hooka  aa  he  rcrad,  be  proceeded  in 
inner  with  those  before  him ;  hia  emvnda- 
ire  accidentally  discovered  by  two  of  his 
taoGe,  who  eapresaed  their  approbation  of 
I  rery  flattering  temta,  and  requested   the 

0  give  them  to  the  poblic*, 

ftt.  ^ Jason  was  unfortunate  in  his  friends  : 
3uld  have  considered  (a  matter  which  had 
ely  escaped  him)  that  the  great  duty 
editor  ta  fidelity  :  thai  the  ignorance  of 
'  in  admitting  ao  many  gross  faulls  could 
»  reasonable  mind  the  siightesl  plea  for  rely- 
bis  general  accuracy,  and  that  however  high 
ght  rate  their  friend's  sagacity,  it  was  not 
ecrtaui  that  when  he  displaced  hia   prede- 

1  worda  to  make  room  for  hia  own,  be  fell 
i«  gcpvrina  iaxt.  Nothing  of  ihia,  howerer. 
4  to  th«ai,  and  Mr.  M.  Mason  was  prevailed 
k  m  aril  hour,  to  aend  bis  corrected  Cojceter 

preface  which  accorda  bm  too  well  with 
il  of  the  work,  be  observes,  that  he  had 
^eard  of  Maaainm  till  about  two  prears 
K  reprinted  himf.  It  must  be  conlesaed 
^■t  AO  time  in  boaating  of  bis  acquaintance 
^fci,  however,  to  have  been  but  snperficiaL 
iKood  page  he  asserts  that  the  whole  of 
«ef's  plays  were  published  while  the  author 
ring  !  Tbia  is  a  specimen  of  the  care  with 
he  usually  proceeds  :  the  life  of  the  author, 
d  10  his  own  edition,  tells  tbut  he  died  in 
lad  in  the  list  which  inunediately  follows  it, 
i  tbta  four  plays  are  given  in  auc cession, 
were  not  published  till  near  twenty  years 
tat  period  I 

oaataney  of  Mr.  ^L  Mason  is  to  great,  that 
9 possible  to  say  whether  he  supposed  there 
ay  older  edition  than  that  before  him*  He 
o'deed  of  M&asiuger,  but  be  always  means 
ir  ;  tad  it  is  beyond  any  common  powers  of 

kter  bim  discourse  of  the  verbal  and  gram* 
I  tnaccuraciea  of  ao  author  whose  works  he 
ly  never  aaw,  without  a  smile  of  pity  or 
ipt* 


I  .lition,  p,  ii. 
hi    j  !  l-ii  itiAt  a  writer  of  inch  eviilrnt 
i'>  Uu\r_.  Wjkown,    Prcfjice,  p.  i.  A»  wmc 
r.  \\.  \tm>u'*  tmAitmeult  I  will  tril  liim 
Jf^Mmm  Mye*  Ihjil  *m  »   ccTialti  time,  « 
,,,iMij   ui    ii.»c  vi-ry  earl>»  Vi*i*    muX  by 
I  ...     |in  i-Mfl  hi* »«!*>» bhiucut  it  hU  %tttiag 
.M.    ,.ji  huiir,  th«  man  sns^t'rie^J,  '  Ih  mn6r 
.  r,  li    >  Mu  Aatvf  dme  the  mmt  tMug^  wluU 
^yott  tu  be  jar|fri*c(l  r* 


He  aaya,  **  I  have  admitted  bio  the  text  all  my 
own  amtndmtnit,  in  order  that  tboae  who  may  wish 
to  give  free  scope  to  their  fancy  and  tbeir  feelings, 
and  without  turning  aside  to  verbal  criticism,  j««y 
read  these  plays  in  that  which  appears  to  me  the 
most  jperfect  atate  ;"  (what  intotemble  conceit!) 
**  but  for  the  satisfaction  of  more  cnucal  readers,  I 
have  directed  th«t  the  words  rejected  by  me  should 
be  insertfHl  in  the  mar^^in  •,"  This  ii  not  the  case ; 
and  1  cannot  acc^^unt,  on  any  common  principles  of 
pmdence,  for  the  gratuitous  temerity  with  which  so 
strange  eu  aiiserLioo  is  advanced:  not  one  in  twenty 
ia  noticed,  and  the  reader  is  misled  on  almost  ^^erf 
occasion. 

1  do  not  wish  io  examine  the  preface  further ;  and 
shall  therefore  conclude  nith  observing,  that  Mr, 
^l,  Maaon*a edition  is  iufiuitely  worae  than  Coxeter'a 
It  rectifies  a  few  mistakes,  and  suggesia  a  few  im* 
provements ;  but,  on  the  other  liand,  it  abounds  in 
errors  and  onii&siuna,  not  only  beyond  that,  but  uer^ 
blips  beyond  any  otber  work  that  ever  ap|)eared  in 
prinL  Nor  is  this  all:  the  ignorant  tidelity  of 
Coxeter  has  certainly  given  us  many  absurd  r«iac[in|;a 
of  the  old  priritera  or  transcribers  j  this,  however, 
is  far  more  tolerable  than  the  mischievous  ingenuity 
of  Mr.  M.  iMasoD  :  the  word*  he  has  iitentlif  intro- 
duced bear  a  specious  appeoronce  of  truth,  uud  ure 
tlierefore  calculated  to  elude  ibe  vigilance  of  mitay 
readera,  whom  the  text  of  Coxe  er  would  have 
startled ,  and  compelled  to  seek  the  genuine  sen.se 
elsewhere.  To  sum.  up  the  account  between  the 
two  editions,  both  bear  the  marks  of  ignorance, 
inexperience,  and  inattention  j  in  both  the  tuuli^are 
incredibly  numerous ;;  but  where  Coxeter  drona 
words,  Mr.  IVI.  Ma^on  drops  lines  j  ond  where  tO« 
former  omits  Imes,  the  latter  leaves  out  wboto 
aptfi'cbea ! 

After  what  I  have  just  aaid,  the  reader,  perhaps, 
will  feel  an  iaclinutiou  to  smile  at  the  concluding 
sentence  of  Mr.  M.   Moron's  preface :  **  I  rLAnta 

MYBtLl',    lUAT    Tills    £1311  ION    Or    Al*581NOFB  WILL  HX 

FouKn  MOHE  t?oaaicr  (and  coRafcn?iEsa  is  i^a  only 

BtEltIT  IT  PRtTXHnS  TO)  TIIAS  THE  BXST  Of  TnOSX 
WlllCU  HAVE  AS  VET  HEVS  FltRLlsnOJ  Or  AKV  OTUHl 
ANCILNT  nftAMATIC  WRITER. t*' 

The  genuine  merits  of  the  Poet,  however,  w»?re 
strong  enougb  to  overcome  these  wrutched  remoras. 
The  impression  wus  become  scarce,  and  though 
never  worth  the  paper  on  which  it  was  printed,  sold, 
at  an  extrnv^gRnt  prica,  when  a  new  edition  w«a 
proposed  to  me  by  Mr.  Evans  of  Pall-Mall  Mas- 
ainger  wa-i  a  favourite  ^  and  t  had  fr€r|uenily  lu* 
meoted,  with  many  others,  that  he  hud  tVHen  into 
such  bonds,  t  saw,  without  the  asaiatnnce  of  the 
old  copies,  that  bis  metre  was  disregarded,  that  his 
sense  was  disjointed  and  broken,  that  bis  dialogue 
wai»  imfierfect,  and  that  be  was  encumbered  with 
explanatory  trash  whkh  would  disgrace  the  pages 
of  B  sixpenny  muguiine  ;  and  in  the  hope  of  remedy- 
ing these,  and  entibling  the  Author  to  take  his  plnca 
on  the  same  shelf,  1  will  not  say  with  Bbakaiieure, 
but  with  Jonaon,  Beaumont,  and  his  associate  Flet- 
cher, 1  readily  undertook  the  labour. 

My  first  core  was  to  look  round  for  the  old 
editions.  To  collect  theae  is  not  at  all  times  possi- 
ble, and  in  every  case,  is  a  work  of  trouble  sind  ex- 
pense :  but  the  kiodtiess  of  individuals  supplied  me 
with  all    that    I    wanted.      Octaviua    Gilchrist,   a 


*  PrcfacT,  p-  U. 


i  Pref^ccj  p.  xL 


kffa^^ 


gvndeman  ol  Stamford*,  no  looner  heard  of  my  de- 
§ijgn,  tlian  be  obligingly  aent  me  all  the  copies  vrbich 
he  poiaeaaed ;  the  lie  v.  P.  Bay  lea  of  Cole  beater 
(only  known  to  me  by  tbia  act  of  kindueas)  pre- 
aented  me  wilb  a  amall  but  cboice  selectioo ;  and 
Mr,  M alone,  with  a  Itberatity  whicb  1  aball  erer 
remember  witb  eratitude  and  deljgbt,  furaisbed  me, 
uaaoliGited,  witb  his  involunblo  collection t»  nmong 
which  I  found  all  ibe  first  editions  J  :  tbeee,  wiib 
■ucb  aa  I  coutd  procure  in  the  course  of  a  few  monttjs 
from  tbe  booksellers,  in  addition  to  the  copif »  in  the 
Jduaeum,  and  tn  tbe  rich  collection  of  bi»  IVlajesty, 
which  1  consulted  from  time  to  time,  form  tbe  basis 
of  tbe  preient  Work. 

With  these  aida  IbbI  down  to  tbe  baaioess  of  colla^ 
tion  :  it  was  now  ibot  I  discorered,  with  no  less 
■urpriae  tb&n  Lndiguationi  tboae  alterations  and  omia- 


*  t  moit  not  omit  tb^t  Hr.  Qikbiiit  (wboce  name  will 
occur  tnttrc*  thsin  nnai  in  tbr  ensuing  pngt's.V  together  wkb 
M*  copiei  of  M«pjiine«ri.  Irnu  111111104  «  number  or  uarfti]  and 
IndiciDTia  ob»ei-vatti»o«  qd  the  Ftxrl,  ilerktre-d  from  Lia  uxlvo- 
«tve  AcqiiatuUvcc  willi  oar  old  tii»loruiu». 

t  Pi»r  ihl»,  I  owe  Mr.  Maluti«  my  rit^nUu  ibuilti :  bnit 
the  nAmhtn  of  Mad«iaf«r  inciBt  Join  vfhh  lutt  in  exprcMlng 
IheW  %T*{hnd<  lo  him  fw  an  ublttcnilluii  of  a  morv  public 
kliMl;  for  tbe  commtiiiic^lliuiii  vf  that  b*4Dliful  rracnieni, 
Wblrii  now  Jippcnra  in  pfiol  tur  I  be  Ivnl  tilnr,  "  Thv  ParliJi- 
meat  of  Lpvc."  Prum  "The  HiiTorj-  of  I  be  !lrnc.lisli  Sl^jjc*" 
preficiMJ  lo  Mr  Maloni^'t  ifdiijun  «>r  8liiAkjp«arc,  I  karacd 
that  *' Foar  acts  df  an  uapablUh«d  tlrama,  by  ]Mq:s»ineicr. 
were  atill  cicUut  In  inAnu»cripu"  Aa  I  anxiutisly  witkbcd  to 
render  ihii  ntiiion  aa  perfect  a#  po*!*ible,  1  wrttfc  to  Mr. 
Ifalonc,  whh  wboui  I  Inad  not  tbe  plramirr  of  being  per- 
■Otially  ■cqtiattiletl,  to  knuw  wbtrc  it  mlgbt  be  funnd  ;  in 
return^  h«  mfurined  inc  lh4t  the  tuaiiu script  waa  tti  liiia  pciB^ 
■esaiun  :  itsBtate«,he  added,  WHii»uchf  that  be  doubled  whi'lticr 
much  advantace  could  be  derived  from  )1,  Itul  that  f  w^b 
tnUrely  welcam«  to  make  Ibe  enperltnebt.  Of  (bia  permit- 
rIoOi  wbkb  1  accepted  wUb  tlnenlar  pleastirr,  I  foatantly 
■vailed  myi«lr*  and  received  Ine  manuscript.  It  wa>» 
indeed,  in  a  forlorti  condilioo:  wjveral  leave*  were  torn  from 
ihii  bcKiniiini;,  and  Ihe  lup  antl  bottom  of  every  pa^e  wailed 
by  drtmpa,  to  vrhich  it  hail  formerly  been  expoMrd.  On  ts%- 
aminafion,  howeTer,  I  had  ihe  tatbfaction  to  And,  that  a 
connuieraMc  part  of  tbe  Brat  acl,  which  **a  nuppomd  ttj  be 
lost,  yet  eii>te«1,  arKl  Ibat  a  certain  degree  of  atlcniion, 
whkb  t  waa  not  uawillfne  to  bestow  on  itj  mi^ht  recover 
nearly  Ibe  vibole  of  the  remainder.  How  I  aacceeded,  may 
l»«  Mttta  in  the  preseul  volume;  wbcr*  tb«  rrader  will  find 
tUib  an  jcruuiit,  aa  waa  t-oniialenf  wilb  tb«  brevity  of  my 
plan,  of  the  ain^ular  i|]«tittiition  on  which  the  fable  is  foondtt^f. 
Prrhapa  tbe  anbjeri  meriti  no  furtlier  consideration  :  I  wonid« 
lUJWever,  jvit  obaerve,  that,  aince  ibe  article  v,»a  prlntfil«  J 
have  been  fbrnUbc^l  by  my  fn'trHl,  tlic  Rev.  K<  Narca,  lAiib 
a  cnriona  old  volnme»  called  *'  Aresta  Amomm,  vr  Arreta 
d'Amonr,"  written  in  Premsh  b^  Martial  d'Anver^ne,  who 
died  in  1M8*  [I  U  not  p<ittibk  to  tntagioe  any  ibine 
ifi^.t.^  irtvoL.tM  than  the  ean«ef,or  rather  appeals,  which  are 
*>'  heard  in  thia  Court  of  Love.     What  i»,  hfliv- 

e^  '  intraordinary,  ia,  thai  Iheac  mlM-mble  trille* 

«r>  I  npon    by  Eenoft  le  Cnvrt,  a  eelebrated  Juris- 

coui'44i(  oi  1^1'  H!  iiitie?,  vtiih  a  de|;rt'«  of  acrioavncia  which 
i^ould  nut  disgrace  the  moat  intportattt  i^ne»liona.  Every 
Oreek  and  Romnn  wriUrr,  then  known,  I3  qoottd  with  pru- 
fui>ion,  lo  prove  aome  tHt«  position  dropt  at  random :  ocea- 
•)u«i  i*  hImi  taken  to  deacant  uii  many  aubite  poiuta  of  taw, 
mhUh  mij{hi  not  be  alioc^tber,  perbjip!^,  without  ihcir  in- 
terest, I  have  noihinK  furthiT  lo  aay  of  ibia  elaborate  olece 
of  fof»k'ry»  which  I  read  with  etjiud  weariaomenct*  anti  dia- 
g44*t,  b<jii  ^tl<icb  !>»  t  VN  0,  |Mrh.tp»,  to  ahow  that  Ibeac  Parlla- 
in<  I  oijfrsaedly   liiiaKioary,    occupied 

ri  >  '  ,  Uian  that  It  bad  probably  fallen 

iiti       11  >Me  aceoc  between  Bt-Ui>ant  and 

Clfiu.ilifrf  ii>t^r  1.V1)  ?r.in»  io  be  founded  on  Utc  iSrsl 
appt-al  which  la  heard  iu  the  '*  ArreU  d'Amour/' 

X  I  have  no  iuleiitiuti  of  enlrrlnj;  lnlL»lbcdi»pnfe  ref peeling 
(he  comparative  n)erita  of  the  first  and  atcond  loUoa  of 
Sliakapeare.  Of  \1aMin^rr»  however,  I  may  be  allowed  lo 
lay.  that  1  conatanily  found  tbe  tarlient  cdltiona  the  mrial 
evrreet.  A  palpable  error  might  be,  and,  indee<i,  ^jmeliniea 
W«a  rexnovt^  in  ibe  anbai-qucnt  onea,  bnt  the  tpiriu  and 
what  t  would  caltlhc  racineM^  of  the  aelhor  only  appeared 
««i)ripl«tt  Lo  the  ori|;inal  copiea> 


aiona  of  which  I  have  already  apoken  ;  and  which  I 
made  it  my  first  car*'  to  reform  and  aupply.  At  tbe 
outset,  finding  it  difficult  to  conceive  tbit  the  varia- 
tions in  Coxetor  and  Mr.  M.  Maaon  were  tbe  effect 
of  i^orance  or  caprice,  I  imagined  that  an  aurbority 
for  them  mig^ht  be  some  where  founds  and  tberefora 
collated  not  only  i^very  edition,  but  eren  aerenl 
copies  of  tbe  same  edition*' ;  wlint  began  in  neoeaaity 
was  continued  by  choice^  and  every  play  ha/t  under- 
gone, at  least,  five  close  examinations  with  tbe  ori- 
ginal text.  On  tbia  strictneM  of  revision  reata  tbt 
IP'eat:  diadnction  of  this  edit i cm  from  the  preoediii|f 
onea,  from  which  it  will  bt*  found  to  vary  in  an  in- 
fitiite  number  of  places  :  indeed^  accuracy,  as  Mr. 
M.  Maaon  aaya,  ii  all  the  merit  to  which  it  pretenda ; 
and  though  I  not  provoke*  yet  I  aee  no  reason  la 
deprecate  the  conaeqnenceaof  tbe  aevereat  acrutiny* 
There  ia  yet  another  diatinclion.  Tlie  old  copiea 
rarely  specif  the  place  of  action  :  such,  indeed,  waa 
the  poverty  of  the  stage,  that  it  admitted  of  little 
variety ,  A  plain  curiam  Imng  up  in  a  corner »  ae- 
paraled  distant  regions  i  tmd  if  a  board  were  ad* 
vnnced  with  Alilau  and  Florence  written  u}>od  it, 
tl]«  delusion  was  complete.  *'  A  table  wjtb  p^'n  and 
ink  thrust  in,"  signified  tbut  the  stage  was  a  counting- 
bouae;  if  these  were  withdrawn,  and  two  stools 
put  iu  their  plncea,  it  vras  then  a  tatrcrn*  Instances 
of  this  may  be  fotind  in  tbe  margin  of  all  our  old 

Elays,  whicb  aeem  to  be  copied  from  the  promptera* 
ooks  ;  and  Mr.  Moione  might  hare  produced  from 
hia  Maasinger  alone,  more  tbnn  enough  to  satisfy 
the  reheat  sceptic,  that  tbe  notion  of  scenery,  aa  we 
now  understand  it,  was  utterly  unknown  to  the 
stage.  Indeed,  be  bad  so  mfich  the  advantage  of 
the  argument  without  these  aida,  that  I  have  always 
wondered  bow  Steepens  could  so  lonp;^  suppurtj  and 
an  strenuously  contend  for,  his  most  hopeless 
But  be  was  a  wit  and  a  scholiu- ;  and  tnere  is 
pride  in  showing  how  dexterously  a  clumsy 
pon  may  be  wielded  bv  a  practised  swordsmBn.  With 
all  this,  however,  t  Lave  ventured  on  an  arrange- 
ment of  the  scenery.  Coxeter  and  Mr,  M.  Mason 
attempted  it  in  two  or  three  plaiFS,  and  their  ill 
iucceas  in  a  maner  of  no  extraordinary  difficulty, 
proves  how  much  they  mistook  their  talents,  when 
they  commenced  tbe  tnide  of  edttorship,  with  little 
more  than  the  negative  quaJidea  of  beedlessneaa  and 
inexperience. t 

*  lo  tome  of  ibcBc  pkya  i  ili:acovered,  that  am  errov  harf 
been  ditecitd,  atUr  a  p«ri  of  llic  imprea»ioo  waa  worked  olT^ 
and  ctntmequenily  corrected,  or  what  wa»  more  freqacBtly 
Ihe  ca»e.  cx:chan|;i-d  lor  aoolbcr. 

f  HemntieatneaM  and  tn&cpmfeiicrO  Those  who  recnllorl   \\\r 
boait  of  Mr.  M.  Maaon.  will  be   lomewhai    inri^r 
baptievcn  afl«r  all  which  they  have  beard,  at  K  n 
In  an  iicnpla  a  matter  a*  mnrking  the  r^r«,  thii 
blunder*  at  every  Hf!  p.     If  Pope   now  wins   alive,    hv    \\<<.A 
nut  apply  lo  hia  blacbUlter  playa  for  tiicb   nkrtiia  aa    rjrit 
omnts,  tntrr  tkr*t  blavk  u^tc-fitM  tvtut.Z  At.    Mr<  M.  MaaiiO'* 
«>dllioi),  i^hirh  he  "  ft  altera  hirni^lf  will  be  fonrHl    more  cor- 
rect than  Ihc  beiil  of  those  whtcb   have  been    yet   pnbllitliert 
of  any  oilier  ancient  dmmatie  writer,"  would  iumlph  abtind- 
atice   vl  ihini.     Hn  copy  of  '  The  Fatal  DowT>  ,' 
before  me,  aurj,  in  the  compaM  of  a  few  pare*,    ' 
/•>ir  e#rrr*  mth  XotmU  (|J»fl).  Etit  VhantUu,  * 
aftd  €}0ictr»  {%00),   fUit   Homtmt  ati4   *(mvK»f(VI>i.    AjiI 
NtmaU  senior  and  Pmttalirr  (*.'J8),  &c,     AH  rji<,octrtir*  In 
"The  Emperor  of  tbe  KaM  (311 ;,  Esit  Gmttemen  («44),  atMl 
^TitTiherio  and  .Sttjifmuo  rJ4A).  in  "  Tbe  Duke  of  III  Ian; 
tlieie    }i4»(  btcttidi'iB  ore  vmluninry  on  Ibe  part  of  the  «<|{tQr- 
L^ixHer,   whom   be  oanally  fctllow},  reatls  Er*  tt)t  Etittmi  e 
tlie  nlliiiu  up»  ibereforei  is  aolely  due  to  hki  own    tncrnntlv. 
Slrnllnr  Distaiireitnigbl  Ik  produced  from  every  play.  1  would 

I  See  bii  Preface  lo  Shakipiiar«. 


mb 


tt#  DOW  to  tlie  notes*  Tbo4«  wbo  are  aceuttomefl 
B  erowiled  paf  «s  of  our  modern  ediiorvi  wH\ 
*hij  be  ftoroewbHt  «tartled  at  the  comparalir* 
lllM.  U  tliis  b«  an  error  it  ia  t  roluntary  one. 
r«r  eoold  eonc«iTe  whf  th«  mwlert  of  our  old 
latiflta  diould  be  tiupeeted  of  bbomrog  under 
■tsr  difgrte  of  igi)or»Doe  than  tboie  of«ay  otber 

of  wtiitn  I  yet,  from  tlie  trite  and  inVignilt* 
materiala  amassed  for  their  information,  it  it 
rot  that  a  persaaaion  of  tbi»  nature  ia  uncom- 
Ijrikrevalent*  Customs  which  are  unireraal,  and 
i^aions  ^^famitiar  as  bouaehold  worda"  in 
f  month,  are  illustrated,  that  is  to  say,  orer- 
hy  an  immensity  of  parallel  passages,  with 
as  much  wisdom  and  resch  of  thought  as  would 
rinoed  by  bim  wbo,  to  explain  any  simple  word 
bts  line,  should  empty  upon  the  reader  all  the 
iples  to  b«  found  under  it  in  Johnson's  Die* 
iry» 

lis  chesp  and  mijerable  display  of  mlaute 
ition  grsw  up,  in  great  measure,  with  Warton  ; 
iac«  to  bis  manes !  the  cause  of  sound  liters^ 
bss  b«^n  fearfully  avenged  upon  bis  bead  :  and, 
knightHBrraat  who,  with  his  sttendsnt  Howies, 
Iiillsstof  all  mortal  squires,  ssllied  forth  inquest 
m  orig:ijitl  proprietor  of  erery  common  word  in 
01k,  has  hod  his  copulstites  and  disiuncrives, 
^itt  and  his  andt,  sedulously  ferrettea  out  from 
w  school-books  in  the  kingdom.  Asa  prose 
ir«  htt  will  ToDg  continue  to  instruct  and  delight ; 
M  a  poet  be  is  buried — lost.  He  is  not  of  the 
11,  nor  does  he  possess  sufficient  rigour  to 
I  off  tbe  weight  of  ucumbent  mountstos. 
iwever  this  may  be,  I  hare  proceeded  on  a  dif- 
t  pban,      Passsget  that  only  exercise  the  me- 

V..  — irestiog  aimilar  thoughts  and  ejcpres- 

wrilert,  are,    if    somewhat  obvious, 

to  the  reader *a  own  discovery.     Un* 

BOH  aad  obaoleCa  words  ar«  briefly  explained, 


kr  from  thli,  fh«t  lfr«  M.  Mssod  U  uiiJicquAlnlrf)  wtfti 
«anlli|  of  CO  cotnmnti  a  wrurl  ;  but  if  wc  rr Ueve  \\lm 
fa<  d^it^v  of  igrxffnactt  vhir  bvcom**^  .  y  f 

U  it   ud^lTicuU  To  »*y  oa  what  prvci>>  I'hli 

'  lu4  (}4»fn4  i»  fqvdor  were  (ooDtled,  '  ^»a- 

'  ver  go  oai,  aud   gu  uun    HmI    never 
ihcy   apeak    before   (Ji<ry  r titer,  «r 
^  ttmgm,  »My\*'to  iu;ikc   «  the  more 

i>  a»l««p  or  dead !     Hrr«  one   mcida 

I  I 'T?  another;    b«rc    Coxeier  U  Mrr- 

.  ^iTic\iAi»iy  d t:»r rl p<1 :  Uer*^  Ibf   «eMiet 
I-.. .e    cnoUtivcd  i»iO      '     '  n^n;    lit-re 

malUfrlMI  wMhovt  sect  nyptvuieil 

l»Jitry  ro  the  aeote:  vli  _     Im   every 

|.9w«.,.'tered  ^lih  marsinat  iljiri  limii»,  i<huli  hiing 
Ml  Mrly  tot  the  property-iuati,  vlw,  aji  baa  been  already 
iMd.  had  but  f«*  pfDjxrrtiei  at   hii  dift|,iri.tjih  can    now 

- — '•"*  "■    '    ■  "  -1   to  catlie    a   tnUk   at   ihe  es- 

I  i^  all;  lliv  abfiifd  *cenery  Id- 
ijeil.   uj  dcplKbl  of  ctutinion 

.-.  -..™..  ■ ^'    art   iKiDt'rCtfelly  f^iven 

y  iaatasee;  aiHi  "Tbc    FmuI  Dowry/' 

M«  so  dttertpfi*  1  c1er»<  |j  kn  by  Mr.  M. 

••  k»  fiMind  il*li-.   .^..        n  can  be    uiiire  dcitnac- 

IhSl  aatlbrtiiliy  i^hicb  tbe  reader  U  ted  to  txptct 
r  buld  pr«le&al«it)t  of  til  a  preface,  t  hope  it  b  need- 
dil,  tiMi  Ui<>w  ^>r-Y>'i^Mlk*wUl  sot  be  tOunA  In  Ihe 
vohinr. 


and,  where  tbe  phraseology  was  doubtful  or  ob- 
scure^ it  is  illttslrstad  sad  confirmed  by  ijuotstions 
from  contemponiry  authors.  In  this  psrt  of  tha 
work  no  abuse  has  been  sttempted  of  the  resder*B 
pstiene« :  the  most  positive  that  could  bo  found, 
are  given,  and  a  scrupulous  attention  is  tr^ff 
where  paid  to  brevity ;  as  it  has  been  si  ways  my 
persuasion, 

**  That  where  one's  proofs  are  aptly  eboien, 
Four  are  as  valid  as  four  doien." 

I  do  not  know  whether  it  rosy  be  propef  to  add 
here,  that  the  freedoms  of  tlie  suihor  (of^whieh,  a« 
none  csio  be  more  sensible  (ban  myself,  so  none  can 
more  Ismeot  them)  have  obtaitiea  little  of  my  soli- 
citude: those,  therefore*  wbo  examine  the  notes 
with  a  prurient  eye,  will  find  no  rratifi cation  ia 
their  licentiousness.  I  bsve  calleu  in  no  Amoer 
to  drivel  out  gratuitous  obsceuities  in  uncouth  tan* 
gusge*  •  no  ColliDs  (whose  name  should  be  devoted 
to  lasttog  infamy)  lo  ransack  the  souals  of  a  brothel 
for  secrvt  **  better  bidt  ;'*  where  I  wiahed  not  to  detaia 
the  reader,  I  have  been  silent,  and  instead  of  aspiriog 
to  the  fame  of  s  licentious  conunentstor,  sought 
only  for  the  quiet  spprobaiion  with  which  the 
father  or  the  husband  may  reward  the  faithful 
•ditor. 

But  whatsf  ar  may  be  thought  of  my  owo  nofea, 
the  critical  observations  that  follow  each  play,  sud* 
shove  all,  the  eloquent  and  masterly  deliueAtion  of 
Msssuiger*s  character,  #ubjoined  to  "  The  Old 
Law/^  by  the  companion  of  my  youth,  the  friend 
of  my  maturer  years,  the  inseparable  and  sfiectioo- 
ate  sssociate  ot  my  pleasures  and  my  pains,  my 

f graver  nnd  my  lighter  iludieSf  tbe  Eev.  Dr.  Irei- 
Bnd{,  will,  I  am  persuaded,  be  received  with  pecu- 
liar pleasure,  if  precision,  vigour,  discrimination, 
and    ortginalityi  preserve  their    usual   claims    to 


4 


The  bead  of  Masstoger,  prefixed  to  this  volume, 
was  copied  by  my  young  friend  Lascelles  Hoppner, 
from  the  print  before  three  octavo  plays  pubhabed 
by  H.  Moseley,  1655,  Whether  it  be  renlly  the 
*'  vers  efligies**of  the  poet,  I  cannot  pretend  to  ssy :  it 
was  produced  sufficiently  near  his  time  to  be  accumts, 
and  It  has  not  the  air  of  a  fancy  portruit.  There  is, 
I  believe,  no  other. 


*  fn  imcimih  tanguoff*]  U  U  ilnjottr  that  Mr.  Steevena, 
who  wni  ao  well  acqusJAted  with  the  MurdM  of  onr  nrkcient 
writer*,  ahimld  be  to  l^Eionunt  of  ibeir  aiyle,  Tbe  lanen-it^e 
which   be  bai  pot   into  ihe  otoath  of  Amn«r  ii   a  barbarona 

iuiobte  of  dlffereDt  agci,    that  cevff  bad,  and  nevtr  cuald 
avcf  a  prolocypc. 

tOi3«  book  whicb  (aot  beios*  perbapa,  among  the 
srchWet  act  carernUy  exptoftd  for  lie  betteftt  ot  tht  yovlhtu] 
readen  of  Slitk»p««re )  Mcmi  lo  have  eveafied  the  noilre  oT 
Mr.  Collintt  miy  yet  be  asfely  commcndecl  lo  bi«  futurv 
rriearrhe**  aa  oot  uiihktly  1m  rewiKl  hli  i^aiiii.  He  wil| 
And  ill  jtt  aitiuDC  many  other  iliinf*  equally  valaable, 
that  **  The  knowUdgt  cf  ^cktdntn  i*  *««t  witdom*  net* 
I  her  at  an>  Uine  tbe  eouDael  of  •iancn  pradence."— £McSi 
mix.  la. 

tPnbciidary  of  Wetimlnttvrj  and  Vicar  of  Croydea  Is 
Surrey » 


ESSAY 


DRAMATIC    WRITINGS    OF    MASSINGER. 


BY    JOHN    FERRIAR,    M.D. 


•     Rei  antiqua;  taudii  *t  arti$ 
Ingrtdiar,  tnnet(*t  ausut  rtciudtre  Jmiei,     Vino^ 


7t  tnfgbt  be  urged ,  is  a  proof  of  oar  posaMsin^  a 
■uperfluity  of  goud  playa  in  ottr  language,  tbat  one 
of  our  beat  dniiniitic  writers  ia  verj  genemlly  dis- 
regarded. But  whatever  conclusion  may  be  arnn^fi 
from  this  fact,  it  will  not  be  eaiy  to  free  x\w  public 
from  the  suspicion  of  caprice,  while  it  contiuuea  to 
idolue  Sbiikspeare,  and  to  neglect  an  author  not 
oftBu  much  inferior,  and  aometimea  nearly  equal,  to 
that  wonderful  poet.  jVIasaingers  fate  has,  indet*d, 
be«*n  hard,  far  beyond  tbe  common  topicf  of  lie 
infelicity  of  genius.  He  was  not  merely  denied  the 
fortune  for  which  be  laboured,  and  the  fame  which 
he  merited ;  a  still  more  cruet  circumstance  baa  at- 
tended bia  production  a  :  literary  pilferers  bava 
built  their  reputation  on  his  obscurity,  and  the 
popularity  of  their  stolen  beautiea  baa  diverted 
the  public  attention  from  tbe  excellent  original* 

An  attempt  waa  made  in  farour  of  tbia  injured 
poet,  in  1761,  by  a  new  edition  of  bii  worka,  at* 
tended  with  a  critical  diifsertation  on  the  old  Cngliah 
dram&tiata,  id  which,  though  compoaed  with  spirit 
and  elegance,  there  ia  little  to  be  found  reapectin(r 
Majisinger.  Another  edition  appeared  in  1775, 
hut  the  poet  remained  unexamined.  Perhaps  M&a- 
sinfC^r  is  »tiU  unfortunate  in  hia  r indicator. 

I'he  same  irregtilarity  of  plot,  and  disregard  of 
nitea,  appear  in  Wa»ainger*B  nrodluctiona  aa  in  tboee 
of  bta  eon  temporaries.  On  tuts  subject  Shakapeare 
baa  been  so  well  defended  that  it  ia  unneceaaary  to 
add  aoj  argutnenPs  io  vindication  of  our  poet. 
Tber«  u  erery  reason  to  suppose  (hat  Masstnger 
did  nol  neglect  the  ancient  rules  from  ignorance, 
for  be  appears  to  be  one  of  our  most  learned  writers, 
(Dolwitbatandtiiff  the  insipid  sneer  of  Antony 
Wood*) :  «nd  Cartwrigbt,  who  waa  oonfeasedly  a 


(  man  of  great  erudition,  is  not  more  attentire  Io  the 
unities  than  any  other  poet  of  that  age.  But  our 
author,  like  Shakspeare,  wrote  for  bread  ;  it  ap~ 
pears  from  different  parts  of  his  works*,  that  much 
of  bis  life  had  passed  m  alarish  dependence,  uid 
penury  is  not  apt  to  encourage  a  deaire  of  fame. 

One  observation,  however,  may  be  risked,  on  oor  < 
irregular  and  regular  plays  ^  that  the  former  ar* 
more  pleasing  to  the  taste,  and  the  latter  to  tht 
understanding  ;  readers  must  determine,  then,  wbe* 
ther  it  is  better  to  feel  or  to  approve.  Msssinger't 
dramatic  art  is  too  great  to  allow  a  faint  sense  of  pro- 
priety to  dwell  on  the  mind,  in  perusing  his  pieces; 
he  inflames  or  soothes,  excites  tbe  strongest  terror, 
or  the  softest  pity,  with  all  the  energy  and  powet 
of  a  true  poet. 

But  if  we  must  admit  that  an  irregular  plot 
subjects  a  writer  to  peculiar  disadTantagea,  tho 
force  of  Mossinger's  genius  will  appear  more  eri- 
dently  from  this  very  coacessioa.  The  interest  of 
hia  pieces  ia.  for  the  most  part,  strong  and  well 
defined  \  the  story,  though  worked  up  to  a  studied 
intricacy,  ia,  in  general,  resolved  with  as  much 
ease  and  probability  as  iu  nature  will  permit  \ 
attention  is  never  <lisgusted  by  aniicipntion,  nor 
tortured  with  onnecessary  delay.  These  chnraetera 
are  applicable  to  most  ntlVT  us  dinger's  own  produc- 
tions ;  but  in  those  which  he  wrote  joinrly  with 
other  dramatists,  the  interest  is  often  weakened,  by 
incidents  which  that  age  permitted,  but  which  the 
present  would  not  endure.  Thus,  in  **  The  Rene- 
gadot,"  the  honor  of  Paulina  la  preserved  from  fha 
brutality  of  her  Turkish  maater,  by  the  influence  of  a 

*  8«c pnrtkalarly  tint  dedktsaon  of  " Tbe  Msid  of  Homer,'* 
and  •'TbeGrcJit  Dnke  or  Florvnc**," 
t  TlUi  pLiy  w&i  written  by  Maatingvr  slotie. 


ESSAY  ON  THE  WRITINCS  OF  MASSlNOElt. 


szix 


relic.  wliicJi  the  wears  oa  lier  breitst :  in  *'  The 
Vtrgitt,  MurlTT,"  ibe  beroioe  is  «uen<3ed,  through 
lU  her  EuffeAn^,  by  an  angel  diMguited  as  her  pn^e ; 
her  persecutor  ia  urjjfed  on  to  destroy  her  by  an 
•tuodont  6end,  also  in  di«gctiae.  Hera  our  anxiety 
for  th«  diftreasedf  ajid  our  hatred  of  th^wiclred, 
are  completelj  stifled,  and  we  are  mor>  eaitly 
a^ected  by  some  burlesque  paaaages  which  follow 
is  the  same  le^endarj  fttraiD<  In  the  last  quored 
play,  the  attendDot  an^el  pic)is  the  pockeU  of 
two  debauchees,  and  Theopbilus  oyercomea  the 
de\il  by  means  of  a  cross  composed  of  flowers, 
which  Dorothea  had  tent  him  from  Paradise* 

The  etory  of  **  The  Bondman*'  is  more  intricate 
tbaa  that  of*'  The  Dnke  of  Milan,"  >et  the  former 
is  a  more  interesting  play ;  for  in  the  latter,  the 
motives  of  Francisco's  conduct^  which  occasions 
the  diitress  of  the  piece,  are  only  disclosed  tn  nar> 
ratioot  at  the  beginniof^  of  the  fifth  act :  we  there- 
fore consider  him^  till  that  moment,  as  a  man 
abturdly  and  unnaturally  ricious :  but  in  "The 
Bondman/' we  have  frequent  ^lirapifs  of  a  concealtsd 
splendour  in  the  character  of  Pi&3U)d«r,  vbich  keep 
oar  attention  fixed,  and  exalt  our  expt^ctation  of  the 
citaatra{jbe.  A  more  striking  comparison  might 
lie  instituted  between  "The  Fatal  Dowry"  of  our 
author,  and  Bowe  scopy  of  it  in  his  "  Fair  Penitent  ;** 
but  I  his  H  very  fuUy  and  judidoosly  done,  by  the 
anthnr  of  "  The  ObserTer*,**  who  has  proved  auf- 
ficieittjy,  that  the  interest  of  **  The  Fair  Penitent** 
is  iDOch  weakened,  by  throwing  into  narration  what 
Alastinj^er  hod  forcibly  represented  on  the  stage. 
Y  et  Howe's  plsy  a  rendered  much  more  regular  by 
the  alteration.  Farquhar's  '•  InconsTanl,"  which  is 
taken  from  our  authors  '*  Guardian,"  and  FU^lcbcir's 
*^  Wild-goose  Cbace,  is  considerably  less  etejpuit 
and  less  interesting ;  by  the  plagiarist*!  indiscretion, 
the  lively,  facetious  Dorazzo  of  Masfiinger  is  trang- 
formed  into  a  nauseous  bufl'oon,  in  the  character  of 
old  AliraheK 

The  art  and  judgment  witb  which  our  poet  con- 
ducts his  incidents  are  every  whetv  admirable.  In 
'•  The  Duke  a(  JVIilan/'  our  pity  for  Morcelia  would 
inspire  a  detestation  of  all  tlie  other  chai  acters,  if  ihe 
did  not  facilitate  ber  rain  by  the  indulgence  of  on 
eicessi  re  pride.  In'*  llie  Bondman/'  Cleora  would 
be  despicable  when  she  chaogei  her  lover,  if  I^oh- 
tbenes  bad  not  rendered  himself  unworthy  of  her« 
by  a  mean  jealouay.  The  violence  of  Almirn'ii 
pftssioo  in  the  "  Very  Woman,"  prepares  us  for  its 
deciy.     Many  detached  scenes  in  these  pieces  pos- 

sa  uncommon  beauties  of  incident  and  situ&iiou. 
Of  tbii)  kind  are,  the  interview  between  Charles  V. 
and  Sfomf,  which,  thongb  notoriously  contrary  in 
ime  hisTurv,  imd  very  deficient  in  the  repreaenution 
of  T '  -r.  arrests  our  attention,  and  awakens 

ir  the  strongest  manner ;  the  conference 

of   jiinTu.i^A  aod   Baptists^  when     Sophia's  virtue 

teomes  suspected^ ;  the  pleadings  in  '*  The  Fatal 
Dowry*'*  r<»»pecting  the  luneral  ntes  of  Choralois  ; 
the  interview  between  Don  John,  disguised  as  a 
f^Kv^,  mid  hit  mistress,  to  whom  be  relates  his 
t -lye  all,  the  meeting  of  Pisander  and 
Itehas  elicited  the  revolt  of  the  slaves, 

...u'-i  K^  ^rri  her  within  his  power     These  scenes 

e  eminently  dxaiiuguished  by  tiieir  novelty  i  cor- 


•  Ho.  LXXXVIlr.  txxxix,  xc. 

%««0aWof  ll»M>."Art.  U. 

I  *•  Fkiar*,"       y/L\ er y  Woman."      Ji  **  BonifraMi." 


rectness,  and  interest ;  the  most  minute  critic  wi)t 
find  little  waniing,  and  the  lover  of  truth  and  nature 
can  suffer  nothing  to  be  tnken  nway. 

It  is  DO  repronch  of  our  author,  that  the  foundotiun 
of  several,  perhaps  all,  of  his  |,tlors  may  be  traced  in 
different  historiaoa,  or  novelists ;  for  in  supplying 
himself  from  these  sources,  he  followed  the  practice 
of  the  age.  Shakspeare,  Jun^ori,  and  the  rest,  are  ' 
not  more  original,  in  tbis  respect,  than  our  Poet ;  if 
Cartwright  may  be  exempted,  he  is  the  only  ex- 
cepiion  to  this  remark.  As  the  mtnds  of  nn  audience, 
unacquainted  with  the  models  of  antiriuity,  cnuld 
only  be  affected  bj  immediate  application  to  their 
passions,  our  old  writers  crowded  aa  many  incidents, 
and  of  as  perplexing  a  nature  aa  possible,  into  their 
works,  to  support  anxiety  and  expeotition  to  their 
utmost  heigh  I,  In  our  reformed  tra^^ic  school,  our 
pleasure  arises  from  the  contemplation  of  the  writer*s 
art  f  and  inst«»nd  of  eagerly  watching  for  the  unfolding 
of  the  plot  (the  imnginatioQ  being  left  at  liberty  hy 
the  simplicity  of  the  action),  we  consider  whether  it 
be  prop«»rly  conducted.  Another  reaftotj,  however ,f 
may  be  assigned  for  the  intricacy  of  thoae  plots, 
namely,  the  prevailing  taste  for  the  manners  and 
writings  of  Italy.  During  the  whole  of  the  sixteenth 
and  part  of  the  seveateenth  centuries,  It«ly  was 
the  seat  of  elegance  and  arts,  which  the  otlier  Kuro« 
peso  nstiona  hud  begun  to  admire,  but  not  to  imitate. 
From  causes  which  it  would  be  foreign  to  the  p re- 
seat purpose  to  enumerate,  the  Italian  wnters 
abounded  in  complicated  and  interesting  stories, 
whioh  were  eogt^rly  sei»ed  by  a  people  not  well 
qualified  for  invention*' ;  but  the  richness,  variety, 
and  distinctness  of  chnrocter  which  our  writers 
added  to  those  tales,  conferred  beauties  on  them  which 
charm  us  at  this  hour,  however  disguised  by  the 
alteration  of  manners  and  language. 

Exact  discrimination  and  consistency  of  character 
appear  in  all  Massinger's  productions  ;  sumetimea, 
indeed,  the  interest  of  the  piny  suifers  by  his  scru- 
pulous attention  to  them.  Tlius,  in  "  1  he  Fatal 
J>owry,**  Churalois's  fortitude  and  determined  »ense 
of  honour  are  carried  to  a  most  uufeeling  and  bar< 
bsroua  degree  ;  and  Francisco's  villainy,  in  **  The 
JJuke  of  Alilan,'*  is  cold  and  considerate  beyond  na* 
ture.  But  here  we  must  again  plead  the  sad  tiecea* 
biiy  under  which  our  poet  laboured,  of  pleasing  his 
audience  at  any  rate.  It  was  the  prevailing  opinion, 
that  the  characters  ought  to  approach  towards  each 
other  as  little  as  poftsible.  This  was  termed  art^  and 
in  con3et|uence  of  this,  as  Dr.  Hurd  say  at,  some 
writers  ol  thut  time  have  founded  their  characters  on 
abaitract  ideas,  instead  of  copying  from  real  life. 
Tboa«i  delicate  and  beautiful  abodea  of  manoers, 
which  we  admire  in  Shakspeare,  were  reckoned  in- 
accuracies  by  his  con  tern  }H>raries.  Thus  Cartwright 
says,  in  his  verses  to  Fletcher,  speaking  of  Shak- 
speare, whom  be  onderyalues,  **  nature  uat  ati  hi* 

Genertiil  manners  mnat  always  influence  the  stage; 
ttfihappily,  the  manners  of  Massinc^er's  age  w**re 
pedantic.  Vet  it  must  be  allowed  that  our  Author's 
characters  ore  less  shatract  than  those  of  Jousou  or 
Cartwright,  and  that,  with  more  dignity,  they  are 


*  GartwriKbt  and  Congr^ve,  wbo  resemble  each  othrr 
fttrongiy  in  n>m«  TwiiarkB»»te  ctrcumtUncea,  arc  almont  oar 
iifily  (lnin»tUt»  who  liavc  any  cLiim  to  oriK,iii4ltiy  ia  Ihclr 

t  *'  Euay  on  tbe  Fn)vinc«»  of  the  Dm  ma.'* 


MKW 


ESSAY  ON  THE  WRITINGS  OP  MASSINGER, 


eqanllj  nataml  with  those  of  FLotcher.  IU»  con- 
oeptioaa  tr***  for  the  moat  part,  just  and  nohle.  We 
huYB  «  fine  instftnce  of  ihU  in  the  character  of  Dio- 
cletian, whop  vf  ry  differently  from  the  ranting  ty 
rttits  by  whom  the  stage  has  heen  so  long-  posoeAsocI, 
is  generous  to  his  ranquiahed  enemiet,  and  perse- 
cutes from  policy  fti  much  as  from  zeal.  He  attracts 
our  i«ipeot,  imiDedialely  on  hia  «pp€«nuice,  by  tlie 
following  aeotiments  ; — 

-     In  all  growing  empires. 
Even  cruelty  ia  useful ;  some  must  suflVr, 
And  be  s«t  up  examples  to  strike  ti^rror 
In  others,  though  far  off:  hut,  wh«n  a  atate 
I»  rutsKJ  to  her  p«rfeotion,  and  bar  baaea 
Too  firm  to  shrink,  or  yield,  wt  mty  tue  mercyj 
And  do't  with  safety  : 

Virgin  Martyr,  Act.  I.  bc,  L 

BfonEa  ia  an  elerated  character,  cast  iJi  a  different 
mould  ;  brare,  frank,  and  gep^roust  be  ia  htirried, 
hy  the  tiiirestramed  force  of  bis  passions,  ioto  fatnl 
excesses  in  love  and  friendship.  He  appears  with 
^reat  dignity  before  the  emperor*  on  whose  meroy  he 
IS  thrown,  b^  the  defeat  of  bis  allies,  the  French,  at 
the  battle  of  Paria.  After  reeounlicg  bis  oblig»- 
lion  a  to  Franois,  he  proceeds  : 


If  that,  then,  to  be  grateful 

For  courtesies  received ,  or  not  to  lea  ire 
A  friend  in  bis  oecessiilea,  be  i  erime 
Amongst  yoti  Spaniards, 

-     SforsA  brings  bis  heed 
To  pay  the  forfeit.     Nor  come  I  as  a  slave. 
Pinion 'd  and  fettered,  in  a  squalid  weed, 
Fulling  before  thy  feet,  kneeling  and  howling, 
For  a  farestall'd  remission  :  that  were  poor, 
And  would  hut  shame  tby  \rictory ;  for  conquest 
Over  base  foes,  is  a  captivity, 
And  not  a  triuinpb*    1  ne'er  fear'd  to  die. 
More  than  I  wisb*d  to  live.     When  I  bad  reacb'd 
My  ends  in  being  a  duke,  I  wore  these  robes, 
This  crown  upon  my  head,  and  to  my  side 
This  a  word  was  girt ;  and  witness  truth,  that,  now 
'Tie  in  another's  power  when  1  sball  part 
With  them  and  life  together,  I'm  the  same: 
My  veins  then  did  not  swell  with  pride ;  nor  now 
Shrink  tbey  for  fear. 

The  Duke  of  Milan,  Act  III.  sc.  it- 

Id  the  scene  where  Sforza  enjoins  Francijco  to  dia* 
patch  Marcelia,  in  case  of  the  emperor's  proceeding 
to  extremities  against  him,  the  poet  boa  gi?en  him 
a  strung  exprpsion  of  horror  at  his  own  purpose. 
After  disposing  Francisco  to  obey  bis  commands 
without  reserve,  by  recapitulating  the  favours  con- 
ferred on  him,  Sforut  proceeds  to  impress  him  with 
the  blackest  view  of  the  inteuded  deed  : 

-     But  you  must  swear  it ; 
And  put  into  the  oath  ill  joys  or  torments 
That  fright  the  wicked,  or  confirm  the  good  : 
Not  to  conceal  it  only,  tlmt  is  notbinff, 
But  whensoe'er  my  will  shall  speak.  Strike  now, 
To  fall  upon't  like  thunder. 

Thou  must  do,  then, 
What  no  malevolent  star  will  dRre  to  look  on. 
It  ia  so  wicked  :  for  which  men  will  curse  thee 
For  being  ibe  instrument;  and  the  blest  angels 
Fonake  me  it  my  need,  for  bewg  the  author : 


For  'tis  a  deed  of  night,  of  night,  Francisco  i 

In  which  the  momory  of  alt  good  actions 

We  can  pretend  to,  shall  be  buried  quick  : 

Or,  if  we  be  remembered,  it  shall  be 

To  fright  posterity  by  our  example, 

That  have  outgone  ail  precedents  of  rilhiinA 

That  were  before  us ; 

THm  Duke  &f  Milan f  Act  L  ae.  tilt* 

If  we  compare  this  scone,  end  especially  the  paft» 
sage  quoted,  with  the  celebrated  scene  between  King 
John  and  IltibBrt,  we  shall  perceive  this  remarkable 
difference,  thtit  Sforsa,  while  he  proposes  to  bia 
bfoth<'r-in-law  and  faivourite,  the  eventful  murder  of 
hta  wife,  whom  he  idolises,  is  consistent  and  deter- 
mined ;  his  mind  is  filled  with  the  horror  of  ibe 
deed,  but  borne  to  the  execution  of  it  by  the  inu 
pulse  of  an  extruvagtint  and  fantsatio  delicacy} 
John,  who  is  actuated  solely  by  the  desire  of  re- 
moving his  rival  in  the  crown,  not  only  feara  to 
communicate  his  purpose  to  Hubert,  though  be  per* 
ceives  him  to  be 

A  fellow  by  the  hand  of  nature  mark*d, 
Quoted,  and  sign*d  to  do  a  deed  of  shame ; 

bat  aflerbe  has  sounded  bim,  and  found  him  rendy 
to  execute  whatever  he  can  propose,  he  only  hints 
at  the  deed,  Sforxa  enlarges  on  the  crut-lty  and 
atrocity  of  his  design ;  John  is  afraid  to  utter  ki» 
in  the  view  of  the  sun  :  nay,  the  aanguinary  Richard 
hesitates  in  proposing  the  murder  of  his  nephews 
to  Buekinf^bom.  Jn  this  instance  then,  as  well  as 
that  of  Churahihis,  our  poet  may  seetn  to  deviate  from 
nature,  for  ambition  is  a  stronger  passion  than  love, 
yet  Sforaa  decides  with  more  promptness  and  conS* 
dence  than  either  of  Shakspvarf'ii  characters.  We 
must  consider,  however,  that  timidity  and  irresolu* 
tion  are  chflmcteristics  of  John,  and  that  Eicliord*! 
hesitation  appears  to  be  assumed,  only  in  order  to 
transfer  the  guilt  and  odium  of  the  action  to  Buck* 
ingham. 

It  was  hinted  before,  that  the  character  of  Pisnn 
der,  in  "The  Bondman,"  ismoreinteretting  thsnthat 
of  Sforza,  His  virtues,  so  unsuitable  to  the  character 
of  a  slave,  the  boldness  of  his  designs,  and  the 
steadiness  of  his  courage,  excite  attention  and  anx- 
iety in  the  most  powerful  manner.  He  is  ^perfectly 
consistent,  and,  though  lightly  shaded  with  chivalry, 
is  not  deficient  in  nature  or  passion.  Leosthenes  is 
also  tl)»  child  of  nature,  whom  perhaps  we  trace  in 
some  later  jealous  chnmcters.  Cleora  is  finely 
drawn,  but  to  the  present  a|;e,.  perhaps,  appears 
rather  too  mascMline :  the  exhibition  of  characters 
which  should  wenr  an  unalterable  charm,  in  their 
finest  and  almost  insenDible  (ouches,  was  peculiar  to 
the  prophetic  genius  of  Shakitpeare*.  Massinger 
has  given  a  strong  proof  of  his  genius,  by  intro- 
ducing; in  a  diff(>renC  play,  a  similar  character,  in  t 
like  aituatian  to  that  oi  Pisander,  yet  with  sufficient 
dtscrimination  of  manners  and  incident :  I  mean  don 
John,  in"  The  Very  Woman,"  wholike  Pisander,  gains 
hiH  mistress's  heart,  under  the  disguise  of  a  slave. 
Don  John  la  a  model  of  magnanimity,  aopertor  Co 
Cato,  because  be  ia  free  from  pedantry  and  oatMl- 

*  If  MsMlnigvr  formttl  the  Binf^alsrchJinictrr  of  3ir  GUri 
Overreach  from  hi«  own  ItTtJiKlimlloo,  %»h«i  thoald  W9>  ililaik 
uf  hii  MfMltj',  wliu  bave  ^CD  iiiL8  prwtlcalpb«etotiiresltscd 
In  our  cbysT  Its  sppsreat  extravagance  reqalrad  1^ 
support. 


Il 


riHriii 


ESSAY  OX  THE  WRITINGS  OF  MASSIXGER. 


XX3CI 


f  fiiioa,     I  b«li«re  Le  moj  b#  reganled  ag  fu  ongiD:il 
>  chvmcter,     It  wu  eaiy  to  intenrai  our  feelings  far 
I  all  iJli«  cbarftct^m  already  described,  but  no  writer^ 
I  ht^torm  Mif«iag«>r,  bid  uttetnjktfd   to  mike  a  pUyer 
I  lb«  h»ro  of  trag»d/.     Thit.  however,  lie  biu  wjte- 
rar«il   with  vurpriaing    address,   in    '^  The    Eomao 
Acftjf/*     It  must  bf»  confeised  that  ParU>  the  aotor, 
»  mocb  of  bU  dignity  to  inddenU  ;  ai  tb«  open- 
liar  of  tl*«  pUy.  be  defends  hia  profesaion  suecesi- 
I  fiiUy   brfore    the   senate ;    this   artful   introduction 
[nites  hucDf  iin  our  ideas,  abare  the  \erel  of  bis  aitua- 
for  die  noet   baa  **  grae^    bim  with   aJl   the 
of  worda;"  tbe  etupreaa'a  paaaion  for  him 
I  btm  in  a  atiU  tDoro  ai^tinj^uiahtHi   light,  and 
I  bij  death  froto  tbe  hand   of  the  emperor 
jbimaetf,  in  a  mock  play.   It  ia,  perhaps,  from  a  aense 
'  tibo  difficulty  of  exalting  Paria'a  character,  and  of 
IM  cUsterit^r  requisite  to   fi\  tJie  attention  of  tbe 
.WU^mtf  on  It,  that  Moaainger  aaja,  in  tbe  dedica- 
I  of  tbia  play,  tliat  **  be  ever  held  it   the  most 
'  ct  binb  of  hid  Min^rra."     1  know  not  whether 
I  ia  owiag  to  de:si^n,or  to  want  of  art,  that  Romool, 
m  *'  Ttk«    Fatal  Dowry/'  intereata   ua  aa   much  aa 
ChimUm^   tbe  hero*     If  Cbaraloia  aurrendera  his 
bboiif  lo  procore  funeral  ntei  for  bia  father,  Ro- 
~,  prerioiiily  prorokee  tbe  court  to   tmprieon 
^  MMkaking  with  two  much  animation   in  the 
f  hin  fnend.     Homont,  though  insulted  by 
iiacredita  hU  report  of  Beaumelle's 
J  him  with  aJl  the  eagerne^  of  at- 
jTru  Cbaraloiaia  inroUed  in  difficulties 
hf  tlir  sunlef  of  Norall  and  bia  wife,  and  reireoges 
liM  tiwtfc,  wben   be  ia  ataaasinated  by  FonlaUer. 
fU'irv^  wbo  no^lected  tbe  6  neat  porta  of  thia  tragedy 
is    hm  pbfiannn  "Tbe   Fair  Penitent/*  baa  not 
lyM  to  oopy  tbe  fault  I   bare    pointed  out.     Ilia 
HvBlio  is  a  much  finer  chnracterthan  bia  Altamoot, 
JM  W  it  bqt  a  puppet  wb<rn  compared  with  Maa- 
naigerr'a  Bomoot.    CtimtoU,  '^  llie  Muid  of  Honour/' 
too  apoat  debghtfui  character;  her   fidelity,  gene* 
roeitj,  dignity  of  mantiers,  and  elevslioo  of  aenti- 
■MBla   are   6(irly    diaplaved,   and    nobly   sustained 
ilia  pity  that  tbe  pnet  thought  bim- 
10  debaee  all  tbe  othvr  characters  in 
n  nn) i.r  f  .\  4^  v  ^If  ber.    There  ia  an  admirable 
t  of  rt,  in  that  ejttraragunt  com- 

,  und    Combat.''     The    Poet 
I  Co  m\uA  tii«t  ut  of  tbe  writer  whom  he  here 

>        •         *         I  haTO  known  him 
Froan  biji  irst  joatb,  but  never  vet  obaerred, 
Ia  aU  ibe  paavagce  ot  bia  life  ana  fort  noes* 
VlfUiea  ao  mix'd  with   vieea :  ralii^at  the  world 

9ji^ttk9  him, 
6nt  Leral  ia  bia  gifia  too, 

Bti'  al  expense. 

A  l*«iv^  v^i'jiiK.-iir^i  ,  .III  impotent  loTer 
Of  wvoieiL  for  •  iaah,  but,  bia  firea  quenched, 
tlasisf  •§ deadly  :  Act,  II L  ec.  ii. 

Almm  aod  Cenlenet,   in  **  The  Very  Woman/' 


W  eofieil  tr^m  ixatore»  and  therefore  never  obso- 
Im*.  Tkay  apptv,  like  many  far ou rite  characters 
to  our  pnaciiC  eomedy,  amiable  in  tbrir  Lempers,  and 
m  tlMr  •Uacbtnenta,  but  capricit^ua,  and  im- 
«f  flOottd*  M«ji)itjt^i'r,  with  unusual  charity, 
a  pb)  aiciiui  in  a  reapeetable  point  of 
play.  W«  are  agreeably  interested  in 
'*,  who  baa  all  tbe  good  nature  of  Terence's 

*  "Th«  Gaatili4ti." 


Mieto,  with  more  apirit.  His  picture  of  country 
sporta  may  he  viewed  with  delight,  even  by  tboio 
mbo  might  not  relibb  the  re&Iiiy  : 

nae  before  the  auD, 
Then  make  a  breakfaat  of  iJie  morninfr  dew, 
S^^rved  op  bj  nature  on  aome  graasy  hill ; 
You'll  find  it  nectar. 

In  **  Tbe  City  Madam"  we  are  presented  with  tbe 

character  of  a  fiuisbed  hypocrite,  but  ao  artfullj 
drawn,  that  be  appears  to  be  rntlier  governed  by 
external  circumstances,  to  v^hich  he  odnpts  himN^lf, 
than  to  act,  like  Moliere  a  Tartu  iTe,  from  a  forruul 
system  of  wickedtieaa.  His  huiuihty  ond  henevo- 
l^noe,  while  he  appears  aa  a  ruined  man,  nnd  aa  hit 
brother V  aer rant,  are  evidently  produced  by  the 
presatire  of  bia  miafortunes,  and  be  di^icorera  a 
taraeoeu,  aroidat  the  inauUa  of  his  relations,  that 
indicstea  an  inherent  bajeness  of  diapoaition*. — 
Wben  be  is  informed  that  hia  brother  haa  retired 
from  tbe  world,  and  haa  left  him  his  immense  for- 
tune, be  seeaui  it  firat  to  apprehend  a  deception ; 

O  my  good  lord  ! 
Thia  heap  of  wealth  which  vou  possess  me  of. 
Which  to  a  wordly  man  had  b fen  a  blessing. 
And  to  the  meaaenger  might  with  justice  challenge 
A  kind  of  adoration,  i 9  to  me 
A  curse  I  cannot  thank  you  for ;  and  much  leai 
Rejoice  in  that  tranquillity  of  mind 
Aly  bratlier'a  vows  tutist  purchase.     I  hare  made 
A  dear  e:xchaoge  with  him :  he  now  enjoya 
My  peace  and  pOTerty,  tbe  trouble  of 
Hia  wealth  conferr'd  on  me,  und  that  a  burtbea 
Too  heavy  for  my  weak  abouldera. 

Act  III,  BO.  lit 

Oo  receiving  tbe  will,  be  begins  to  promise  un- 
bounded lenitj  to  his  servants,  and  makes  pro» 
fesaions  and  promiaea  to  the  ladies  who  used  bim 
ao  cruelly  in  biji  adversity,  which  appear  ut  liist  to 
be  ironical,  though  they  take  them  to  bo  sincere 
He  does  not  display  himself  till  ho  has  visited  bia 
wpolib,  tbe  sight  of  which  dazzlea  and  n^toniahea 
bim  50  far  aa  to  throw  bim  off  bis  guard,  and  lo 
render  him  iuaolent.  Maasinger  displnyH  a  know* 
led^  of  man,  not  very  uauol  with  dramaiic  writers, 
while  he  represents  the  same  person  as  prodigal  of 
a  smdl  fortune  in  hiayuulli,  servile  and  hypocritical 
in  his  djatreaaea,  arbitrary  and  mpacioua  in  tbe 
poseession  of  wraith  suddenly  acquired :  for  tbose 
seeming  changes  of  cberacter  depend  on  tbe  same 
diapositioD  variously  influenced  ;  1  tnena  on  m  base 
and  feeble  mtnd,  incapable  of  resisting  tbe  power  of 
external  ctrcumstsacei.  In  order,  however,  to 
prepare  ut  for  tbe  extravagances  of  thia  cbamcter, 
after  he  ia  enriched,  the  poet  dehneates  bis  exces- 
ftive  transports  on  viewing  hia  wi^altb,  in  a  speecb 
which  cnnnot  be  injured  by  a  comparisoQ  witb  any 
solihiquy  in  our  language  : 

'Twaa  no  fantastic  object,  but  a  truth, 
A  real  truth ;  nor  dream :  I  did  not  slumber^ 
And  could  wake  ever  witb  a  brooding  eye 
To  gaxeupon't!  it  did  endure  the  touch, 
I  saw  and  felt  it !     Y«t  whsit  I  beheld 
And  bandied  olV,  did  sn  (ninscend  belief, 
(My  wonder  ojtd  aatontHhmeal  pass'd  o*er)i 
I  faintly  could  give  credit  to  my  senses. 

*  Sceparlkalaily  hliteldoqay,  Ati  111.  Sc.  lb 


Thou  dumb  mtgioiaii^^Titkriig  out  a  keylt — ^ihftt 

wttbout  n  chiuin 
DidVt  make  my  entrance  easy,  to  possess 
What  wis«  men  wJ»)i   and  toil   tot  !      Hennes* 

moly, 
Stbylla'a  golden  bnugb,  the  great  elixir, 
Imflgioed  only  by  tbe  ftlcbyaoiit, 
CompAred  wiib  thee    wre   ihidowa,— tbou    the 

siibiiiance, 
And  ganrdion  of  felicity  !     No  marrel 
Wy  brotbor  made  thy  place  of  rest  bis  boBOtn^ 
I'bou  being  the  kp«p«r  of  Uts  beiirt,  a  mistress 
To  be  bugg'd  ever  !  In  b^'-comer«  of 
This  Mcred  room,  siker  in  bags,  be«p*d  ap 
IJke  bUlets  saw'd  and  ready  for  the  fire, 
Unwonhy  to  bold  fe1Iowi>bip  wiib  bright  gold 
Thai  flow'd  about  the  room,  conceal'd  itself. 
There  needs  no  arti^citl  light ;  the  splendour 
Makes  a  perpetunl  day  there,  night  and  darlrneaa 
By  that  sttll-burning  lamp  for  ever  bmiUh'd  ! 
But  when,  guided  by  that,  my  eyej  had  made 
Discovery  of  the  ca^ketp,  and  they  open'd, 
FmcJi  sparkling  diamond  from  iitclf  ihot  forth 
A  pyramid  qfjhma^  and  in  the  n^oj 
Fitd  it  a  glcrioutttnr,  and  made  the  plact 
Heavtn'»  abitract  or  epitome  f — mbtea,  sapphires* 
And  ropet  of  oriental  pearl  ^  thcM  teei),  1  could 

not 
But  look  on  gold  with  contempt**    And  yet  I 

found 
What  weik  crediiUty  could  hire  no  faith  in, 
A  tressura  firwceadiog  tbeM  :  h**re  lay 
A  minor  bound  fast  in  a  skin  of  parchment, 
The  wax  continuing  hard,  the  acres  meltiag  \ 
Here  a  sure  deed  of  gift  for  «  market  town. 
If  not  redeem 'd  this  day,  which  i«  not  in 
The  tinthrift's  power ;  there  being  scarce  one  abire 
In  WeJea  or  England  where  my  moaiea  are  not 
Lent  out  at  usury,  the  certain  hook 
To  draw  in  more.     1  am  sublmied  I  ip-oaa  earth 
Supports    me    not;    1   walk    on   air!       Who's 

there  I 

EntMrL(*rd  Lacy  uiih  S»>  John  FnucAL,5irMAtrHiCK 
Lacv,  and  Plkuti',  duguited  at  Indian*, 
ThieTea !  raiae  the  street !  tbieT^a  I 

Act  III.  ac.  iii 

It  was  a  great  effort,  by  which  sucb  a  train  of  vio- 
lent emotions,  and  beautiful  images  was  drawn,  with 
the  strictest  propriety,  from  the  indulgence  of  a  psji- 
aion  to  which  other  poeta  can  only  give  interest  in 
its  anxieties  and  disappointments*  Every  stsntiiaeoC 
ID  this  fine  soliloquy  is  touched  with  the  bund  of  a 
master  ;  the  apeaker,  overcome  by  the  splendour  of 
bia  acquisitions,  can  acarcely  persuade  himself  that 
ibe  avdnt  la  real  \  **  it  is  no  fantasy,  but  a  truth  ;  a 
riial  triJtb,  no  dream  ;  he  does  not  slumber  \*  the 
natural  language  of  ono  who  strives  to  convince 
himself  that  be  is  fortunate  beyond  alt  probable 
eitpectation ;  for  "  he  could  wake  ever  to  ga^e  upon 
bia  treaaure ;"  again  be  reviirts  to  his  assurences  ^ 


*  to  thetie  ^Dotxckinj  th«  pitKiiut  f  i!l)U»ik  iiaa  Iwea  bUherto 
rollowtij,     Df  '^   0f  Mr.    M. 

BlAbiti'iit  III  1^  '*jry  Id   iiTiif 

on  \he  pir«*cnii  i  n'  ito  ih    liia 

exc«p'tLuo  tu  ihb  {i|{;uc(dil  LJ(ii<.U«  tuc  ^'i   •'  « 

lioo.    Tlir  rci.ri«r  wtto  wbiif^i  to  know  \  •■ 

rvalty  K^vrii   by  r>i<  Po«i,»ii)iiit   inrn  tii  j  i  ^ 

fvUl  Anil  Ui«m  ta  be  si  (tu^ia^  ind  litiiiMAUUAUA  a&  uiy  ptrt 
Of  tbe  «pc«cb.— Euifoa. 


"  it  did   <>ndure    the  touch ,  be  saw   and    f«U  tt" 
These  broken  exclamations  aud  anxious  repedtiofiSf  \ 
are  the  pure  voice  of  nature.     Recovering  from  bis 
aatonisihment,  his  mind  dilutes  with  the  value  ofbii 
possessions*  and  tbe  poet  6nely  directs  the  whole 
gratitude  of  this  mean  character  to  the  key  of  faia  ( 
stores.     In  the  description  which  follows,  there  isa  j 
striking  climax  in  sordid  luxury  i  that  paaaag*  wh^m  I 

Each  sparkling  diamond  from  itself  shot  forth 
A  pyramid  of  flames^  and  in  the  roof 
Fix'd  it  a  gloiioua  star,  and  made  the  place 
Heavea*a  abstract,  or  epitome ! 

thoygb  founded  on  a  false  idea  tn  natnral  bisicr 
long  since  exploded,  is  amply  excused  by  the  sin* 
gular  and  beautiful  image  which  it  presenta.  The  | 
contemplation  of  bis  enormous  wealth,  still  ampU'>  ] 
fied  by  his  fancy,  transports  him  at  length  to  a  degree  J 
of  frenzy ;  and  now  seeing  strangers  approach,  h^i 
cannot  conceive  them  to  come  upon  any  design  but] 
that  of  robbing  him,  and  with  the  appeasing  of  bttj 
ridiculous  alarm,  this  storm  of  passion  subsides,  J 
which  stands  unrivalled  in  its  kind  in  dramsci«  | 
history.  The  soliloquy  possesses  a  very  uncommon  ] 
beauty,  that  of  forcible  dencription  united  with  I 
passion  and  character.  I  should  scarcely  besiratt  1 
to  prefer  the  description  of  Sir  John  Frugal's  counl*! 
ing-house  to  Spenser's  boose  of  riches*  1 

It  is  very  remarkable,  that  in   this  passsge  the 
versification  is  so  exact  (two  lines  only  excepted), 
and  the  diction  eo  pure  and  elegant,  thai,  altbougb  j 
much  more  than  a   century  has  ekp&ed  since  it  was  1 
written,  it  would  be,  perhaps,  impossible  to  alter  thtti 
measure  or  laognsge  without  injury » and  certainljr  rerf  I 
difficult  to  produce  an  equal  length  of  hlanlt  rerttJ 
from  any  modern  poet,  which  should  bear  a  comparii*  1 
Bon  with  Masi»ioger'8,even  in  the  mechanical  part  ofl 
its  construction.  This  observatiom  may  be  extended  to  [ 
alt  our  poet's  productions :  majesty,  elegance,  and 
sweetness  of  aiction  predominate  in   them.     It  is 
needless  to  quote  any  single  passage  for  proof  of  ^ 
this,   because   none   of    thoae  which  I    am   going  j 
to    iatrodace  will    afford    any   exception    to   tbii 
remarL    Independent  of  character,  the  writings  of  | 
this  great  poet  ubound  with  noble  passages*    It  ii 
only  in  the  productions  of  true  poetical  genius  that 
we  meet  successful    allusions   to    sublime  natunl 
objects;  the  attempts  of  an   inferior  writer^  io  this  , 
kind,  are  either  borrowed  or  disgusting.     If  Waa- 
stogor  were  to  be  tried  by  this  rule  alone,  we  must 
rank  him  very  high  ;  a  few  instances  will  prove  this* 
Theopbilus,  speaking  of  Dioctcaian*a  arrival,  says, 
The  mirches  of  great  prinoof , 

Like  to  the  motions  of  prodigeous  meteors, 

Are  step  by  sltp  observed  ; 

Virgin  Marttfr,  Act  I.  le.  V 

Tbe  iDtroductory  circumstancea  of  a  tbreateolng  pieM 

of  iateltij^iice,  are 

but  creeping  billows. 
Not  got  to  shore  yet :  lit.  Act  II,  ««.  ii- 

In  the  same  play,  we  meet  with  this  charming  iniag«» 

applied  to  a  modest  young  nohlemim  : 

The  sunbeams  which  the  emperor  throws  t»pon  him, 

Shine  tliere  but  as  in  water,  and  gild  bim 

Not  with  ono  spot  of  pride  :  Jft»  ■©•  iii. 

No  other   figure   could    so   happily   illustrate    tbe 

peace  and  purity  of  an  ingenuous  mind,  uncorrupted 


ESSAY  OK  THE  WRITINGS  OF  MAS9INGER, 


zstm 


r  ftToar.  Maninger  aeemi  food  of  this  rbou$*hl ; 
»  meeliritb  a  aimiW  one  in  "Tbe  Guardian  .** 

I  have  •een  thoM  ejec  irttb  pleasant  glancea  pUjr 

Upon  Adorio's^  tike  Pboebe'ft  sbinei 

Gildiog  a  cryattl  river ;  Act  IV.  ae,  i. 

Iiere  are  two  parallel  paasMf«t  in  Sbakspeare^  to 
bom  w«  are  probably  tadebted  for  this,  as  well  tui 
r  maoy  other  fioe  images  of  our  poet.  The  fimt 
in  "  Tb*  Winter's  Tale ;" 

He  saya  he  lores  my  daugbter  : 
I  llnnk  80  too :  for  nerer  gaxed  the  moon 
UpOtt  llie  water,  au  bp'll  stand  and  r«adt 
A*  *t«r«re  my  daughter*!  eyes.         Act  I V.  ao«  iv- 

b«  aeoofid  is  ludicrous  ; 

ii^.  Voucbsare,  bright  moon,  and  these  thy  stars, 
to  Abitie 
(Those  clouds  remoT'd)    upon   our   irai*ry 
eyne, 
as-     0»  tiio  petitioner !  beg'  a  greater  matter ; 

*l'hou  now  request^it  bul  moon-sbtne  in  the 


Lfivt't  LabourU  Lost,  Act  V.  sc,  ii. 
Mlowiog  bnages  are  applied,  I  think,  in  a  nevr 


as  tbe  sun, 
Tbou   didst    rise   gloriously.  kepl*st  a  constant 

courM 
In  all  fhy  journey  \  and  now,  in  the  evening, 
When  ibou  tbould'st  pass  with  honouf  to  thy  rest, 
Wiit  tbou  fail  tike  a  meteor  ? 

Virgin^MHTtyf,,  Act  V.  so.  ii* 

0  stimmer  friendship, 
WbOM  flatlenng  leaves  tbnt  ahadowM  tis  in  our 
Pf«fP«rity»  with  the  least  gust  drop  off 
la  the  iotujuji  of  ad  verity. 

Maid  fffUenouTt  Act  11 T.  sc*  i> 

A  the  last  quoted  play,  Camiota  says,  to  perplexity, 
.         •         *         Whit  a  sea 
Of  meltiog  ice  I  walk  on !  Act  III.  sc.  iv. 

A  vefy  ooblo  figure,  in  the  following  |ia»sage,  aeems 
orrowed  from  Shakapeare  ; 

What  a  bridge 
Of  glass  I  walk  upon,  over  a  riv^r 
Of  certain  ruin,  mint  own  tttighti^ /^rs 
Crocking  whttt  ihouM  tupp^rt  me  ! 

Th$  Bmiiman^  Acl  IV.  sc  iii. 

Vtl  read  you  matter  deep  and  dangerous  i 
A  s  ftill  of  peril  nnd  sd  vent 'rout  apirit, 
A  a  do  o*er-w«Ik  a  current,  rosring  loud, 
On  tbe  uosteadfnst  footing  of  a  spear. 

lUnrv  IF,,  Part  1.  Act  L  ic.  iti. 

ijt  eaiinol  he  denied  that  Masftinger  has  improved 

bis   original:    be    cannot  be   said   to    borrow, 

properly  lui   to  imitate.      This  remark  may  he 

ippUed    to' many    other   pasaages :  thus   llarpax's 

BUcuacff, 

111  take  tbee    -    -    md  hang  thee 
In  a  conforled  cbam  of  icicles 
in  the  frigid  tone  : 

TAs  Virg\n'Mar\}fr,  Act  V.  sc.  i. 

'.M,  derived  from  the  same  source  with  that  passage 
Meaaure  for  Measure,"  where  it  is  said  to  be 
a  paoishmeot  iii  a  future  state. 


I 


-         -         -         -         to  reside 
In  thrilling  regions  of  thick-rihbed  ieet 
Again,  in  "  The  Old  Law/*  we  meet  with  a  psssage 
aimilar  to  a  much  celebrated  one  of  Shukspeare'a, 
but  copied  with  oo  common  hand  : 

In  my  youth 
I  wtis  a  soldier,  no  coward  in  my  Age| 
I  never  turn*d  my  back  upon  ray  foe  ; 
1  have  felt  nature's  winters,  sicknesses, 
Y'et  ever  kept  a  lively  sap  in  me 
To  greet  the  cheerful  sprwg  of  heal  lb  again. 

Act  L  sc.  i. 

Though  T  look  old,  yet  I  am  strong  and  lusty  t 
For  in  my  youth  I  never  did  apply 
Hot  and  rebellious  liquors  to  ray  blood; 
Nor  did  not  with  unbashful  forehead  woo 
The  means  of  weakness  and  debility ; 
Therefore  my  age  is  as  a  lusty  winter, 
Frosty,  but  kindly*. 

Ai  You  LikA  It,  Act.  II.  sc.  ill* 

Our  poet*s  writioga  are  stored  with  line  senti- 
ments, and  tbe  same  observation  which  bus  been 
made  on  Shakspeare's,  holds  true  of  our  Author,  that 
his  sendmeots  are  so  artfully  introduced,  that  they 
api>eBr  to  come  uncalled,  and  so  force  themselves  on 
the  mind  of  the  apeakerf.  In  the  legendary  play  of 
"  Tbe  Virgin-Martyr,"  Angelo  delivera  a  beau- 
tiful sentiment,  perfectly  in  tbe  spirit  of  the  piece: 

Look  on  the  poor 
With  gentle  eyes,  for  in  such  habits,  often, 
Angels  desire  an  alms. 

When  Francisco,  in  '* The  Duke  of  Milan,"  suc- 
ceeds in  hid  designs  against  tbe  life  uf  Marcelia,  be 
remarks  with  exultation,  that 

When  he'a  a  suitor,  that  brings  cunning  arm'd 
With  power,  to  be  his  advocates,  the  denial 
la  a  disease  as  killing  as  tbe  plague. 
And  chastity  a  clue  that  leads  to  death. 

Act  IV.  sc  ii. 

Pisander,  in  '♦  The  Bondman/*  moratites  the  inso- 
letice  of  the  slaves  to  their  late  tyraota,  af^er  the 
revolt,  in  a  manner  that  lends  strongly  to  inlereal 
us  in  his  clia meter; 

Here  tbey,  that  never  see  themselves,  but  in 
The  glass  of  servile  flatler^s  might  behold 
Tb©  weak  foundation  upon  which  they  build 
Their  trust  in  human  frailty.     Happy  are  tJiose, 
That  knowing,  in  their  births,  they  are  subject  to 
Uncertain  chungf,  are  still  prepared,  and  arm'd 
For  eitbf'r  fortune  :  a  rare  principle,  ^ 

And   with  much    labour,     learn  d   in  wisdom  ■ 

fchool ! 
For,  as  these  bondmen,  by  their  actions  show 
That  their  prosperity,  like  too  large  a  sail 
For  their  small  bark  of  judgment,  sinks  thero  with 
A  ibre-ritiht  gale  of  liberty,  ere  ihey  reach 
The  port  they  lang  to  touch  at :  so  these  wretches, 


•   In  to  t]iprv»*ion  of  Arclmlaintu,  in  "The  Boii'1iB»n;* 
we  rtlicover,  pcrtwpa,  the  oriRhi  of  *a  lra«|C  In  "  FaradlM 

— I — O'tr  oarheadi,  with  lall  ilrelch'd  wiai*. 
Detinitlion  hovcn.  Tht  Bitndmm,  Act  L  te.  UU 

Mittoii  Bay*  of  Swiatt, 

//{«  Mail  broad  vanns 

H«  iprf«<1»  for  flight. 

t  Hr».  Monupi'i ""  Ewny  on  Shakipeare. 


ESSAY  ON  TriE  WRITINGS  OF  MAS8INGER, 


SwoIloQ  with  tlie  fjiha  opininn  of  tbetr  wortb, 
And  proud  of  blca&iu^a  left  tli<?in,  nor.  acquired  j 
TIml  did  twlicvo  thvy  could  *vitl»  giant  ftrras 
Futbom  the  eortli,  and  were  above  ibeir  fates, 
Those   borrow 'd  bdpa  tbnt  did  aujiport  them, 

rnniab'd « 
Fidl  of  tbemfielires,  nnd  by  unmimlj  auffering, 
Betmy  t!ieir  proper  weakueas.  Act  JIT.  m.  iiL 

His  tomplumt  of  tbe  bftrdsbips  of  Blayerymust  Dot 
be  entiidlj  pnssed  over : 

The  noble  horae, 
Thtti,  in  hiifierjf  ttouthy/rom  hit  uuUnostrilt 
Neighed  caurage  to  ha  nder^  and  brake  through 
Groves  of  opposed  pikes,  bearing  hU  lord 
Safe  to  triumphant  victory  ;  old  or  wounded 
Was  set  at  liberty,  and  freed  from  service. 
The  Athetiian  mutei,  that  from  the  quarry  drevr 
J^lnrble,  hew'd  for  ihe  temples  of  tbe  g^ods, 
Theg^reat  work  ended,  were  dismissed  and  fed 
At  tbe  public  cost ;  nay»  faithful  dogs  have  found 
Their  sepulchres  j  but  roan,  to  man  more  cruel, 
Appointa  no  end  to  the  suiferinga  of  his  stare. 

/6,Aci  IV.  sc,  it, 

Thesenieof  degradation   in  a  lofty  mind,  hurried 

into    vice   by    a    furious  and  irresiatible  passion. 

is  expressed  very  happily  in  "  The  Reaegndo/'  by 

Douuaa  : 

What  poor  means 
Ulust  1  make  use  of  now  ?  anri  fiattersuch^ 
To  whom,  till  1  belrav*d  my  Hbertv, 
One  gracious  look  of  mine  would  bare  erected 
An  altar  to  my  service  !  Act  IL  sc.  i.  j 

Again,  ! 

0  that  I  should  blush  i 
To  «peftk  what  1  so  much  desire  to  do  ! 

When  Mathias,  in  '*  The  Picture,'*  is  informed  by 
iho  magical  akill  of  bis  friend,  Ihnt  bis  wife's  bonour 
ia  ia  danger,  his  £rat  exclamations  have  ut  least  us 
much  aeutiment  as  passion  ; 

-         -         It  is  not  more 
Impoaaibfe  in  nature  for  gross  bodies. 
Deace&ding  of  themselves  to  hang  in  the  air; 
Or  with  my  aingle  arm  to  underprop 
A  falling  tower :  nay,  in  its  violent  coune 
To  stop  the  lightnine^,  tbtin  lo  stay  a  woman 
Hurried  by  two  furies,  I u at  end  futehoodj 
In  ber  fuUi  career  to  wickedness ! 

1  am  thrown 

From  a  ateep  rock  headlong  into  a  gulph 

Of  misery,  and  bnd  mysi^lf  past  hope, 

In  the  same  moment  that  I  apprebend 

That  i  am  falling.  Act  IV.  ao.  i. 

But  if  Massinger  doea  not  always  exhibic  tbe  live- 
liest and  most  natural  expressions  of  pajMion  \  if, 
like  moat  other  poets,  he  sometimes  substitutes  de- 
olamatioo  for  tliose  expressions ;  in  deacription  at 
least  he  puts  forth  all  \m  strength,  and  never 
disappoints  ua  of  an  astonisbiog  exertion.  We  may 
be  content  to  rest  his  character,  in  tlie  deaortption 
of  passion^  on  the  following  single  instance.  In 
••  The  Very  Woman.'*  Almtra*s  Lover,  Cardenea,  is 
dangerously  wounded  in  a  qtiarrol,  bv  don  Johii 
Antonio,  wbo  pays  his  editresses  to  her.  Take, 
now,  a  description  of  Almira's  frenzy  on  this  event, 
whicb  ibe  prodigal  author  baa  put  into  the  mouth 
of  a  chambermaid : 


If  the  slumber'd,  atrai^bt^ 
As  if  some  dreadful  vision  had  appear'd, 
Sbe  started  up.  her  hntr  unbound,  and,  with 
Distracted  looks,  staring  about  tbe  chambevj 
She  tisksalotid,  Wheti  is  MartlnoJ  tchtn 
Httvt    yon    cmtceakd    him  ?     aometimei     Dttttit 

Antonio. 
Tremhting  in  tvery  joint,  her  browt  c^ntraet^d^ 
H&r  fair  fact  a$  'twtrg  changed  into  a  etine, 
her  handi  hftd  up  thux  ;  and,  as  if  her  worda 
Wife  too  big  to  find  passage  tbroagh  her jhoiM]^ 
Sbe  rjroans,  then  tbrows  herself  upon  ber  bed. 
Beating  her  breast.  Act  II.  ac.  iii 

To  praise  or  to  elucidate  this  passage,  would  be 
equally  superfinousi ;  I  am  acquamted  with  oothiag 
supBrior  lo  it,  in  descriptive  poetry,  aud  it  would  !» 
bardy  to  brin^  any  single  instance  in  rompetitioo 
with  it.  Our  poet  is  not  less  bappy  io  his  descrip* 
tions  of  inanimate  nature,  and  bis  descriptions  bear 
the  peculiar  stamp  of  true  genius  tn  their  beautiful 
conciseness.  What  an  exquisite  picture  does  be 
present  in  the  compass  of  less  than  two  lines  I 

-     yon  hangiug  clif,  tbat  glasses 
His  rugged  forehead  in  the  neighbouring  Idee. 

Renegadot  Act  H.  6<o*  v* 
Thus  also  Dorotbi*a'«  description  of  Paradise : 

There* $  a  |^erpet^al  spring,  perpetual  youth : 
No  joint'benumbing  cold,  or  scorching  beet, 
Famine,  nor  age,  bnve  any  being  tbere. 

Z7«f  Virgin  Martyr^  Act  IV.  Sc.  iii. 

After  all  the  encomiums  on  a  rural  life,  and  after 
all  the  soothing  sentiments  and  beautiful  images 
larisbed  on  it  by  poets  wbo  never  lived  in  the 
countrv,  I^fnsaioger  baa  furnished  one  of  the  moat 
cliarmfng  unborrowed  descriptions  that  caa  be  pro^ 
duced  on  the  subject ; 

Happy  the  golden  mean  [  bad  T  heeu  bom 

In  a  poor  sordid  cottage,  not  curs'd  up 

Witb  expectation  to  command  a  court, 

I  mighty  like  such  of  your  couditioOf  sweetest, 

Have  tik'eit  a  safe  and  middle  course,  and  not. 

As  I  sm  now,  against  my  choice,  compelPd 

Or  lo  lie  grovelling  on  the  earth,  or  raised 

So  high  upon  the  pinnacles  of  state, 

Tbat  I  must  either  keep  my  height  with  danger^ 

Or  fall  with  certain  ruin 

»  we  might  walk 
In  solitary  groves,  or  in  choice  gnrdens ; 
From  the  variety  of  curious  flowers 
Contemplate  nature's  workmanship  and  wonders  * 
And  then,  for  change,  near  to  the  murmur  of 
Some  bubbling  fountain,  I  might  hear  you  ling, 
And,  from  tbe  well-tuned  accents  of  your  tong«e» 
lu  my  imagination  conceive 
With  what  melodious  harmony  a  quire 
Of  angels  sing  aboro  tbeir  Maker  s  praises. 
And  then  with  cbaste  discourse,  as  we  retum*d. 
Imp  feathers  to  the  broken  wings  of  time  ;i— 

walk  into 
The  silent  groves,  and  bear  the  amorous  birds 
Warbling  ttieir  wanton  notes ;  here,  a  sure  shade 
Of  barren  siccamorea,  which  tbe  all-seeing  sun 
Could  not  pierce  through ;  near  that,an  arbour  hung 
W  itti  spreading  eglantine ;  there,  a  bubbling  spring 
Watering  a  bank  of  bvacintbs  and  lilies ; 

77nf  Gfwi  Dafce  ^  'FfortiM*,  Act  1.  Sc.  i.  and 
Act  IV,  Sc.  ti. 


J 


ESSAY  ON  THE  WRITINGS  OF  MASSINGER. 


IM  u»  oppote  to  tbese  peaceful  and  iogloriom  ima- 
ges, tbe  picture  of  a  triumph  by  the  same  masterly 

-  -  -    when  she  riews  yon, 
Like  a  triumphant  conqueror,  carried  through 
Tbe  streeU  of  Syracuse,  the  glad  people 
Pressing  to  meet  you,  and  the  senators 
Contending  who  shall  heap  most  honours  on  you ; 
Tbe  oxen,  crown'd  with  garlands,  led  before  you, 
Appointed  for  the  sacrifice ;  and  the  alurs 
fimoking  with  thankful  incense  to  the  gods  : 
The  soldiers  chaunting  loud  hymns  to  your  praise, 
The  windows  fill'd  with  matrons  and  with  Tirgins, 
Throwing  upon  your  head,  as  you  pass  by, 

Tbe  choicest  flowers,  and  silently  inroking 
Tbe  queen  of  lore,  with  their  particular  tows. 
To  be  thought  worthy  of  yon 

tke  Bondman,  Act  III.  Sc.  iw. 

Emy  tbmg  here  is  animated,  yet  erery  action  is  ap- 
propnste:  a  painter  might  work  after  this  sketch* 
without  requiring  an  additional  circumstance. 

Tbe  speech  of  young  Charalois,  in  the  funeral  pro- 
eesaion,  if  too  metsphorical  for  his  character  and 
situatioii.  is  at  least  highly  poetical : 

How  Uke  a  silent  stream  shaded  with  night. 
And  gliding  sofUy  with  our  windy  sighs, 
MoTes  the  whole  firame  of  this  solemnity ! 

Whilst  I,  the  only  murmur  in  this  mre 
Of  death,  thus  hollowly  break  forth. 

Th§  Fatal  Dowry,  Act  II.  So.  i. 

It  may  afford  some  consolation  to  inferior  genius, 
to  reman  that  even  Massinger  sometimes  employs 
pedantic  and  OTcrstrained  allusions.  He  was  fond 
of  displaying  the  little  military  knowledge  he  pos- 
sussed,  whkh  he  introduces  in  the  following 
passage,  in  a  most  extraordinary  manner :  one  beau- 
tifttl  image  in  it  must  excuse  the  rest : 

-  -  -  were  Margaret  only  fair. 
The  cannon  of  her  more  than  earthly  form. 
Though  mounted  high,  commanding  all  beneath  it. 
And  ramm'd  with  bullets  of  her  sparkling  eyes, 
Cf  all  the  bulwarks  that  defend  your  senses 
Could  batter  none,  but  that  which  guards  your  sight. 
But            -  -  -  - 

when  you  feel  her  touch,  and  breath 
Uko  a  it/t  tpertem  wind,  whgn  it  gUdet  o*er 
Arabia,  crmting  gunu  and  ipiea  ; 
And  in  the  Tan,  the  nectar  of  her  lips. 
Which  you  must  taste,  bring  the  battalia  on. 
Well  arm'd,  and  strongly  lined  with  her  discourse, 

Hippolytus  himself  would  lesTO  Diana, 
To  follow  such  a  Venus. 

A  New  Way  to  Pay  Old  Debu,  Act  III.  Sc.  L 

What  pity,  that  he  should  erer  write  so  extrsTa- 
gantly,  who  could  produce  this  tender  and  delicate 
image,  m  another  piece  : 

What's  that?  oh,  nothing  but  the  whispering  wind 
Breathes  through  yon  churlish  hawthorn,  that  grew 

rude. 
As  if  it  chid  the  gentle  breath  that  kiss'd  it. 

Tho  Old  Law,  Act  IV.  Sc.  ii. 

I  wish  it  could  be  added  to  Massinger's  just  praises, 
that  be  had  preserred  his  scenes  from  the  impure 
dialogue  which  disgusts  us  in  most  of  our   old 


writers.  But  we  may  observe,  in  defence  of  his 
failure,  that  several  causes  operated  at  that  time 
to  produce  such  a  dialogue,  ana  that  an  author  who 
subsisted  by  writing,  was  absolutely  subjected  to 
the  influence  of  those  causes.  The  manners  of  the 
age  permitted  great  freedoms  in  language;  tbe  the- 
atre was  not  frequented  by  the  best  company :  the 
male  part  of  the  audience  was  by  much  tbe  more 
numerous ;  and  what,  perhaps,  had  a  greater  efi*ect 
than  any  of  these,  the  women's  parts  were  performed 
by  boys.  So  powerful  was  the  effect  of  those  cir- 
cumstances, that  Carlwrigbt  is  the  only  dramatist  of 
that  age  whose  works  are  tolerably  free  from  inde- 
cency. Massinger's  error,  perhaps,  appears  more 
strongly,  because  his  indelicacy  has  not  always  the 
apology  of  wit ;  for,  either  from  a  natural  deficiencv 
in  that  Quality,  or  from  the  peculiar  model  on  which 
he  had  formed  himself,  his  comic  characters  are  less 
witty  tlian  those  of  his  contemporaries,  and  when 
he  attempts  wit,  he  frequently  degenerates  into 
buffoonery.  But  he  has  showed,  in  a  remarkable 
manner,  the  justness  of  his  taste,  in  declining  the 
practice  of  quibbling ;  and  as  wit  and  a  quibble  were 
supposed,  in  that  age,  to  be  inseparable,  we  are  per- 
haps to  seek,  in  his  aversion  to  the  prevailing  fully, 
the  true  cause  of  his  sparing  employment  of  wit 

Our  Poet  excels  more  in  the  description  than  in 
the  expression  of  passion ;  this  may  be  ascribed,  in 
some  measure,  to  his  nice  attention  to  the  fable : 
while  bis  scenes  are  managed  with  consummate  skill, 
the  lighter  shades  of  character  and  sentiment  are 
lost  in  the  tendency  of  each  part  to  the  catastrophe. 

The  prevailing  beauties  of  his  productions  are 
dignity  and  elegance;  their  predominant  fault  is 
want  of  passion. 

The  melody,  force,  and  variety  of  his  versification 
are  every  where  remarkable :  admitting  the  force  of 
all  tbe  objections  which  are  made  to  tbe  employment 
of  blank  verse  in  comedy,  Massinger  possesses 
charms  sufficient  to  dissipate  them  all.  It  is,  indeed, 
equally  diff'erent  from  that  which  modern  authors 
are  pleased  to  style  blank  verse,  and  from  tbe  flip- 
pant prose  so  loudly  celebrated  in  tbe  comedies  of 
tbe  day.  The  neglect  of  our  old  comedies  seems 
to  arise  from  other  causes,  than  from  the  employ- 
ment of  blank  verse  in  their  dialogue ;  for,  in 
general,  its  construction  is  so  natural,  that  in  the 
mouth  of  a  good  actor  it  runs  into  elegant  prose. 
The  frequent  delineations  of  perishable  manners,  in 
our  old  comedy,  have  occasioned  this  neglect,  and 
we  may  foresee  tbe  fate  of  our  present  fashionable 
pieces,  in  that  which  hasattended  i onson's,  Fletcher's, 
and  Massinger's:  they  are  either  entirely  overlooked, 
or  so  mutilated,  to  fit  them  for  representation,  as 
neither  to  retain  the  dignity  of  the  old  comedy,  nor 
to  acquire  the  graces  of  the  new. 

The  changes  of  manners  have  necessarily  pro- 
duced very  remarkable  effects  on  th«>atrical  perform- 
ances. In  proportion  as  our  best  writers  are 
further  removed  from  the  present  times,  they 
exhibit  bolder  and  more  diversified  characters, 
because  the  prevailing  manners  admitted  a  fuller 
display  of  sentiments  in  the  common  intercourse  of 
life.  Our  own  times,  in  which  the  intention  of 
polite  education  is  to  produce  a  general,  uniform 
manner,  afford  ifttle  diversity  of  character  for  the 
stage.  Our  dramatists,  therefore,  mark  the  dis- 
tinctions of  their  characters,  by  incidents  more  than 
by  sentiments,  and  abound  more  in  striking  situ- 
ations,  than    interesting  dialogue.       In    the    old 


ESSAY  ON  THE  WRITINGS  OF  MASSINGER. 


comedy,  the  eatastropbe  is  oceasiofied,  in  genntl, 
by  a  change  in  the  mind  of  some  principal  cluiracter, 
artfully  prepared,  and  caationsly  conducted ;  in  the 
modem,  the  unfolding  of  the  plot  is  effected  by  the 
OTertuming  of  a  screen,  the  opening  of  a  door,  or 
by  some  other  equally  dignified  machine. 

When  we  compare  Massinger  with  the  other 
dramatic  writers  ot  his  age,  we  cannot  long  hesitate 
where  to  place  him.  More  natural  in  his  charac- 
ters, and  more  poetical  in  his  diction  than  Jonson 
or  Cartwrigbt,  more  elerated  and  nenrous  than 
Fletcher,  the  only  writers  who  can  be  supposed  to 
contest  his  pre-eminence,  Massinger  ranlEs  imme* 
diately  under  Shakspeare  himself. 

It  must  be  confessed,  that  in  comedy  Massinger 
falls  considerably  beneath  Shakspeare;  his  wit  is 
less  brilliant,  and  his  ridicule  less  delicate  and 
yarious;  but  he    affords  a  specimen  of  elegant 


comedy*,  of  which  there  is  no  arehetyps  m  hit 
great  predecessor.  By  the  rules  of  a  rery  jadidoos 
critict,  the  characters  in  this  piece  appear  to  be  of 
too  elerated  a  rank  for  comedy:  jret  though 
the  plot  is  somewhat  embarrassed  by  this  drcnm- 
stance,  the  diverait^,  spirit,  and  eonsistenoy  of  the 
chsracters  render  it  a  most  interesting  jmj.  In 
tragedy,  Massinger  is  rather  eloquent  than  pathecie; 
3ret  he  is  often  as    majestic,  and  geneiallj  man 


elegant  than  his  master ;  he  is  as  powerful  a  ralsr 
of  the  understanding  as  Shakspeare  is  of  the  pas- 
sions: with  the  disadrantages  of  suooeeding  that 
matchless  poet,  there  is  stfll  much  origbial  beauty  in 
his  works;  and  the  most  eztensire  aoquaintanct 
with  poetry  will  hardly  diminish  the  pleasure  of  • 
reader  and  admirer  of  Massinger. 

•  "The  Great  Dake  ot  Florence." 

f  See  the  **  EsMy  on  the  FroTiBcssoT  the  Drama." 


COMMENDATORY    VERSES    ON    MASSINGER. 


wron  Tins  wobe  (the  dvib  op  milan)  op  his  bkloved 

fraiSNO  THB  AUTHOR. 

I  AM  snapt  already,  and  may  go  my  way  ; 

The  poet-critic's  come ;  I  bear  him  say 

This  youth's  mistook,  the  author's  work's  a  play. 

He  eoald  not  miss  it,  he  will  straight  appear 
At  sach  a  bait ;  'twas  laid  on  purpose  there 
To  uke  the  Termin,  and  I  hare  him  here. 

Sirrah  !  yon  will  be  nibbling ;  a  small  bit, 
A  syllable,  when  you're  in  the  hungry  fit. 
Will  serre  to  stay  the  stomach  of  your  wit 

Foot,  knare,  what  worse,  for  worae  cannot  deprare 

thee;  ^ 

And  were  the  deril  now  instantly  to  hare  thee. 
Thou  eanst  not  instance  such  a  work  to  save  thee, 

'Mongst  all  the  ballads  which  thou  dost  compose. 
And  what  thou  stylest  thy  poems,  ill  as  those. 
And  Toid  of  rhjrme  and  reason,  thy  worse  prose. 

Yet  like  a  rude  jack-sance  in  poesy. 

With  thoughts  unblest,  and  hand  unmannerly* 

Ranshing  branches  from  Apollo's  tree ; 

Thou  mak'st  a  garland,  for  thy  touch  unfit. 
And  boldly  deck'st  thy  pig-brain'd  sconce  with  it. 
As  if  it  were  the  supreme  head  of  wit : 

The  blameless  Muses  blush ;  who  not  allow 
That  reverend  order  to  each  vulgar  brow. 
Whose  sinful  touch  profanes  the  holy  bough. 

Hence,  shallow  prophet,  and  admire  the  strain 
Of  thine  own  pen,  or  thy  poor  cope-mate's  vein  j 
This  piece  too  curious  is  for  thy  coarse  brain. 

Here  wit,  more  fortunate,  is  join'd  with  art. 
And  that  most  secret  frenzy  bears  a  part. 
Infused  by  nature  in  the  poet's  heart. 

Here  may  the  puny  wits  themselves  direct, 
Heie  may  the  wisest  find  what  to  affect, 
And  kings  may  learn  their  proper  dialect. 


On  then,  dear  friend,  thy  pen,  thy  name,  shall  spread,. 
And  shouldst  thou  write,  while  thou  shalt  not  be- 

read. 
The  Muse  must  labour,  when  thy  hand  is  dead. 

W.B*. 

THE    author's    PRIEND   TO    THE    READER,    ON   **  THB 
BONDMAN." 

The  printer's  ha«te  calls  on  ;  I  must  not  drive 

My  tmie  past  six,  though  I  begin  at  five. 

One  hour  I  have  entire,  and  'tis  enough. 

Here  are  no  gipsy  jigs,  no  drumming  stuff. 

Dances,  or  other  trumpery  to  delight. 

Or  take,  by  common  way,  the  common  sight. 

The  author  of  this  poem,  as  he  dares 

To  stand  the  austerest  censures,  so  he  cares 


•  W.  B.]  TiB  tbe  opiDk>n  of  Mr.  Re«d,  that  the  iolUaU 
W.  B.  BUnd  for  WUIiam  Brown,  the  author  of  "  BrUtannU't 
PaBtorals.  I  see  no  reason  to  think  otherwise,  except  that 
Ben  Jonson,  whom  W.  B.  seems  to  attack  all  throngh  this 
poem,  had  greatly  celehrated  Brown's  "Pastorals;"  bat, 
hideed,  Johson  was  so  capricions  in  his  temper,  that  we 
mnat  not  soppose  him  to  be  very  constant  in  his  friendships. 
Davibs. 

This  is  a  pretty  early  specimen  of  the  Judgment  which 
Davies  brought  to  the  elucidation  of  his  work.  Not  aline, 
not  a  syllable  of  this  little  poem  can,  by  any  violence,  be 
tortured  into  a  reflecti(>n  on  Jonson,  whom  he  supposes  to 
be  '*  attacked  all  through  it  I'*  In  1612,  when  dt  was  written, 
that  great  poet  was  at  the  height  of  his  reputation,  the  euvv, 
the  admiration,  and  the  terror,  of  his  contemporaries  :  would 
a  "  young"  writer  presume  to  term  such  a  man  "  fool, 
knave,*' &c.?  would  he — but  the  enquiry  is  too  absurd  for 
farther  pursuit. 

I  know  not  the  motives  which  induced  Mr.  Reed  to  at- 
tribute these  stanzas  to  W.  Brown;  they  may,  1  think,  with 
some  probability,  be  referred  to  W.  Basse,  a  minor  poet,, 
whose  tribute  of  praise  is  placed  at  the  head  of  the  commen- 
datory verses  on  Shakspeare ;  or  to  W.  Barksted,  author  of 
"  Myrrha  tlie  Mother  of  Adonis,"  a  poem,  1607.  Barksted. 
was  an  actor,  as  appears  from  a  Ust  of  •*  the  principal  come- 
dians" who  represented  Jonson's  "  Silent  Woman ;»»  and* 
therefore,  not  less  likely  than  the  author  of  "  Briunnia's 
Pastorals,**  to  Ba>.  that, 

** in  tbe  way  of  poetry*  now  a-days, 

Of  all  that  arc  called  works  the  best  are  playi." 

There  is  not  much  to  be  said  for  these  introductory  poemr, 
which  must  be  viewed  rather  as  pro«>fs  of  friendship  than 
of  talents.  In  the  former  editions  thoy  are  given  with 
degree  of  ignorance  and  Inattention  truly  i 


COMMENDATORY  VERSES  ON  MASSINGER. 


A  a  little  what  it  it ;  bia  cwn  bf«t  way- 
la  to  be  judg^e,  awd  author  of  liii  play  ; 
It  is  bis  knowlefjge  makes  him  ilms  flvcure  ; 
Kor  does  bo  writ«  to  |kleftSL'.  but  to  emlure» 
And,  reader,  if  vou  have  tiisbatd^d  a  aihilliug, 
To  ^e  thid  worthy  ^tory.  aikd  ana  willing 
To  have  a  larg^e  increase,  ii  ruleO  by  me, 
Vou  may  a  merchant  and  a  poet  he. 
Ti9  granted  for  your  twelvp-|>©nce  you  did  ait, 
And  »ee,  and  bear,  and  underiitand  not  yet« 
1'ho  author,  lo  a  Chriatisiii  pity,  takes 
Care  of  your  good,  and  prints  it  for  your  sakes, 
Tbttt  stich  as  will  but  renture  iixpenoe  moro» 
lllay  know  what  they  but  miw  and  beard  before  i 
Twill  not  be  money  lost,  if  jou  can  read 
('Tbere'a  all  tb«)  doubt  now),  but  your  ^ina  exceed, 
If  you  can  undenland,  and  you  ure  made 
Fre«  of  the  freest  oiid  tho  nubtest  trade  ; 
And  in  the  way  of  poetry,  now-a-Uaya, 
Of  all  tbat  are'caird  woVka  the  b««t  ata  playa. 

W,  B. 

TO  jiv  iioNounEt>  FRIEND,  HAaTEn   pniLir  ViS^ 

aiNGER,  UPON  ltl£  *'  RtNtOAtXj/* 

Dabblcri  in  poetry,  tbat  only  can 
Court  thia  weak  lady,  or  that  gentleman. 
With  aotno  luo»u  wit  in  rhyme  ^ 
Olbyrs  that  fright  the  time 
Into  belief,  with  mighty  wordi  thrit  tear 
A  passtige  ihroui^h  the  ear; 
Or  nicer  men, 
Thst  through  a  perspective  will  sue  a  play. 
And  use  it  the  wronjr  way 
(>iQt  worth  thy  pen), 
Though  all  iheir  pnde  exalt  ibem,  cannot  be 
Competent  judges  of  tby  lines  or  thee. 

I  must  confess  I  bare  no  public  nome 
To  reacue  judgment,  no  pootic  fiame 
To  dreau  thy  Muse  witb  praise. 
And  Fhccbue  hia  own  buya  ; 
Yet  1  commend  this  poem,  and  dare  tell 
1  he  world  1  liked  It  Well  j 
And  if  there  be 
A  tribe  who  in  their  wiadoma  dare  aceuie 
This  off?«prin^  o[  thy  Mute, 
Let  then»  n^jree 
Couipire  one  comedy,  and  they  will  say, 
*Tis  easier  to  commejid  tboji  luuke  a  pUj< 

Jambs  SniRULY*. 

TO  Ita  WORTH  Y  tniEKD,  MABTCH  FIITLII*  UASStKCEA,  OM 
ITlfl  PLAY  CAUL'o  TUi-    '*ltSMOAOO." 

The  bosom  of  a  friend  cannot  breath  forth 

A  tinttering  phrase  tq  a[}4>ak  the  ooble  worth 

01  bim  tbat  bath  lodged  in  hia  hoaest  breast 

So  largo  a  title  :  I,  among  the  rest 

That  honour  thee,  do  oa\y  seem  to  praise, 

Wajjiing  the  flowers  of  art  to  deck  that  bays 

Merit  has    croirn'd    thy  temples    with*      Know, 

friend, 
Thoug^b  there  are  some  who  merely  do  commetid 

*  Jaui^  SiiiBi.EY.]  A  will  kiiawn  cirjintiific  nrUcr. 
Hit  ^vorkf,  if^lilch  arc  wty  vuluminoiit,  \u%^t  nrver  been 
«<t)irclrrl  rii  nti  utilfiirn  oftttl.ir),  MJi'Ugh  UJ>\\  fU'frvInx  "^ 
It,     Hi  iM  tn*uy  i»f  III  i   *omc, 

••y  U»i  I  I   him  ctinjil  |>wct. 

ii«  ill""  H\u«    mu'nv  '  il   «ftd 

pttblMtcii  ill  o  vs..  hy  Mr,  tittfaitl  htm.*  lu 


To  live  i'  the  world's  opinion  sacb  es  oan 

Censure  with  judgment,  no  such  piece  of  man 

Makes  up  ray  spirit;  where  deacrt  does  HFe» 

Th*»re  will  I  plant  my  wonder,  and  there  give 

My  best  cndearours  to  build  up  his  story 

1  btt  truly  merits.     I  did  erer  glory 

To  behold  virtue  rich  ;  though  cruel  Fftte 

In  scornful  rodice  does  beat  low  their  staM 

1  hnt  best  deserve ;  when  others  that  but  knov 

Only  to  scribble,  and  no  more,  oft  grow 

Great  in  tbeir  favours  that  would  seem  to  be 

Patrons  of  wit,  and  modest  poesy  ; 

Vet,  with  your  abler  friends,  let  me  say  tfata. 

Many  mtiy  strive  to  equal  you,  but  miss 

Of  your  toir  scope;  this  work  of  yours  men  may 

Throw  in  the  face  of  envy,  and  then  say 

I'o  those,  ibat  are  in  greut  men*8  thoughts   mofi  I 

bleat, 
Imitate  this,  and  call  that  work  year  best. 
^'et  wise  men,  in  this,  and  too  often  err, 
\\  hen  they  their  love  before  the  work  prefvr. 
Ifl  should  say  more,  some  may  blame  me  fur*C, 
Seeing  your  menu  speak  youj  not  report. 

Dhhtwi.' LAttm* 


TO  mi  oeah  raiNKs  the  autiiob,  ok  tue  "  aoMAii 

ACTOR.'* 

I  AM  no  great  admirer  of  the  plays, 
Poets,  or  actors,  tljat  are  now»a.tiay«  ; 
Yet,  in  this  work  of  thine,  me  thinks,  I  see 
Sufficient  reason  for  idolutry, 
EB4]b  line  thou  host  taught  Caesar  is  as  hi»^h 
As  he  could  apeak,  when  jjroveling  flattery. 
And  his  own  pride  (forgetting  heuren's  rod) 
By  hia  edicts  styled  himself  great  Lord  and  Ood, 
by  thee,agiiiti,  tho  laurel  crowns  his  head. 
And,  thus  revived,  who  can  affirm  him  dead  I 
Such  power  lies  in  this  lofty  etraiu  as  can 
Give  swords  and  legions  to  Domitian : 
And  wheu  thy  Paris  pleads  in  the  defence 
Of  actors,  every  grace  and  excelleace 
Of  ailment  for  that  subject  ore  by  thee 
Contracted  ma  sweet  epitome. 
Nor  do  thy  women  the  tired  hearers  vex 
With  language  no  way  proper  to  their  seit. 
Just  like  a  cunning  painter  thou  let*s  fall 
Copies  more  fair  than  tlie  origiuiil, 
ril  add  but  this  :   from  all  ilie  modern  pla3rs 
I'he  stage  hath  lately  born,  this  wins  the  bays; 
Atid  if  It  come  to  trial,  boldly  look 
To  carry  it  clear,  thy  witneaa  being  thy  book. 

J  •  J 


IN  rmLLlFI  aiA5S[l»GliU   TOkTJt.   SLEHAtn-ISB  ACTOftkM 
tlQiiA9iVM  TYIMB  KSCt^StJM. 

Afjr«EciJrov. 

EccK  Philtppinnr  celebrata  Traga^dia  Mus&e, 
iiuam  Eu^eus  Britouum  Ilosciusf  esfit,  adeat. 


*  T<  J.)  Coveier  give»  iUc*e  ioiiiida  lo  Sir  ThniiiAt  J^y, 
or  Je^y,  to  wliiuti  <liv  play  i«  rlt-iHeaieil :  tie  it,  iirulMbtv 
right*  2^kr  I'liouutt  ^hu  wf  **  ii«>  crr'iit  iilMiiliier  of  ib« 
ntA)t»rtiU  tlH)»,  when  JuniKia*  iililrlcy,  Furti,  tkc,  wcr« 
In  full  vlnmir,  wunld  rK4»  1  autprct,  be  allujerilicr  eamp- 
Inrtfl  ll  hv  ciinlil  Hltiirti  Ihoav  *>*  onrti  ' 

t  Rowcint^]  TI»U  w«a  J«i*tph  Tiytur,  whoie  nsmft  < 
111  R  iiibACqurbl  f»Mgc. 


COMMENDATORY  VERSES  ON  MASSINGER. 


Semper  fronde  ambo  Tireant  Parnmeaide,  aemper 

Liber  ab  mvidiv  dendbus  esto,  liber.  ^ 
Crebra  pa{>yriTori  aperaaa  incendia  peti, 

Tbaa,.  ▼enum  expositi  tegmina  auta  libri : 
Net  metuaa  raocos,  Momorum  aibila,  rhoncoaf 

Tam  bard  08  nebulo  ai  tamen  ullua  eric. 
Nam  totiea  featia,  actum,  placuiaae  tbeatria 

Quod  liquet,  boc,  c'u8um»  crede,  placebit»  opna. 

Tho.  Goff*. 

to  h»  db8xr7iko  fbtend,  mr.  philip  ma8flinoib, 

UPOIf  ma  TRAOBOT   "  TBI  ROMAN  ACTOR." 

Paris,  tbebeatofactora  in  bia  age, 

AcU  jet,  and  speaks  upon  our  Roman  stage 

Such  lines  by  thee  aa  ao  not  derogate 

From  Rome's  proud  heights,  and  her  then  learned 

atate. 
Nor  great  Domidan's  favour ;  nor  the  embraces 
Of  a  fair  empreaa,  nor  those  often  graces 
Which  from  th'  applauding  theatrea  were  paid 
To  Ilia  brare  action,  nor  his  ashes  laid 
In  the  Flaminian  way,  where  people  strow'd 
His  grare  with  flowers,  and  MartiaFa  wit  bestow*d 
A  lasting  epitaph  ;  not  all  these  same 
Do  add  ao  much  renown  to  Paris'  name 
As  this  that  thou  present'st  his  history 
So  well  to  us  :  for  which,  in  thanks,  would  he 
(If  that  his  soul,  aa  thought  Pythagoras, 
Could  into  anjr  of  our  actora  pass) 
Life  to  these  lines  by  action  gladly  give. 
Whose  pen  so  well  has  made  his  story  live. 

Tho.  MAYf. 

VrOV  MR.  MASSDfGER  HIS  "  ROMAN   ACTOR." 

To  write  is  grown  so  common  in  our  time. 
That  every  one  who  can  but  frame  a  rbjrme. 
However  monstrous  gives  himself  that  praise 
Which  only  he  should  claim  that  may  wear  bavs 
Bui  their  applause  whose  judgments  apprehend 
The  weight  and  truth  of  what  they  dare  commend. 
In  this  besotted  age,  friend,  'tis  thy  glory 
I'hat  here  thou  hut  outdone  the  Roman  story. 
Domitian's  pride  :  his  wife's  lust  unabated 
In  death ;  with  Paria  merely  were  related 
Without  a  soul,  until  thy  abler  pen 
Spoke  them,  and  made  them  speak,  nay,  act  again 
In  such  a  height,  that  here  to  know  their  deeds. 
He  may  become  an  actor  that  but  reada. 

John  Ford|. 

UPON  MR.  MASSINGER's   "  ROMAN  ACTOR." 

LoNG*8T  thou  to  see  proud  Ciesar  aet  in  state, 
I J  is  morning  greatneaa,  or  his  evening  fate. 
With  admiration  here  behold  him  fall. 
And  yet  outlive  his  tragic  funeral : 
For  'tis  a  queation  whether  Caesar'a  glory 
Rose  to  ita  height  before  or  in  this  story ; 

*  Tno.  Gorr.]  Goff  was  a  manor  consklenible learning 
and  highly  ctlebrated  for  his  oratorical  powers,  whicii  he 
tofticd  to  the  t>est  of  purposes,  in  the  service  of  the  cbarch. 
He  also  wrote  several  plays;  but  ihesc  do  no  honour  to  his 
memory,  being  fall  of  the  most  ridiculous  bombast. 

X  Tho.  Mat.]  May  translated  Lucan  into  Knglish  verse* 
aad  was  a  candidate  for  the  office  of  Poet  l<a  ureal  with  Sir 
William  DavenanL  He  wrote  several  plays;  his  Latin 
"  Sapplement  to  Locan"  b  mnch  admired  by  the  learned. 
Davus. 

1  iosN  Ford.]  Ford  was  a  very  good  poet.  We  have 
eleven  pi»ya  of  his  writing,  none  of  which  are  without 
merit.    The  writera  of  his  time  opposed  him  wiili  some  sue- 


Or  whether  Paris,  in  Domitian'a  favour. 
Were  more  exalted  that  in  thia  thy  labour. 
Each  line  speaks  him  an  emperor,  every  phrase 
Crowns  thy  deserving  temples  with  the  bays ; 
So  that  reciprocally  both  agree, 
Thou  liv'st  in  him,  and  he  surrives  in  thee. 

Robert  Harvey. 


TO  HIS  LONG-KNOWN  AND   LOVED  FRIEND,    MR.  PUIUP 
MA88INOBR,  UPON  HIS  "  ROMAN  ACTOR.*' 

If  that  my  lines,  being  placed  before  thy  book. 
Could  make  it  aell,  or  alter  but  a  look 
Of  some  sour  censurer,  who*s  apt  to  sav, 
No  one  in  these  times  can  produce  a  play 
Worthy  hia  reading,  since  of  late,  'tis  true. 
The  old  accepted  are  more  than  the  new : 
Or,  could  I  on  some  spot  o'the  court  work  so, 
To  make  him  speak  no  more  than  he  doth  know ; 
Not  borrowing  from  his  flatt'ring  flatter'd  friend 
What  to  dispraise,  or  wherefore  to  commend  : 
Then,  gentle  friend,  I  should  not  blush  to  be 
Rank'd  'moogst  those  worthy  ones  which  here  I  see 
Ushering  this  work ;  but  why  I  write  to  thee 
Is,  to  profess  our  love's  antiquity. 
Which  to  ibis  tragedy  muat  give  my  test. 
Thou  hast  made  many  good,  but  this  thy  best. 

Joseph  Taylor. 


TO  MR.  PHILIP  MASSINOER,  MY  MVCH-BSTBEM  O  FRIEND, 
ON  HIS  "  GREAT  DUES  OF  FLORENCE." 

Enjoy  thy  laurel !  'tis  a  noble  choice. 

Not  by  the  suffrages  of  voice 
Procured,  but  by  a  conquest  so  achieved , 

Aa  that  thou  beat  at  full  relieved 
Almost  neglected  poetry,  whose  bays, 

Sullied  by  childish  thirst  of  praise, 
Wither'd  into  a  dullness  of  despair. 

Had  not  thy  later  labour  (heir 
Unto  a  former  industry)  mitde  known 

This  work,  which  thou  mayst  call  thine  own. 
So  rich  in  worth,  that  th'  ignorant  may  grudge 
To  find  true  virtue  is  become  their  judge. 

George  Donne. 


TO  THE  DESERVING  MEMORY  OF  THIS  WORTHY  WORE 
("TUB  GREAT  DUKE  OF  FLORENCE")  AND  THE  AU« 
TBOR,  MR.  PUIUP  MASSINGER. 

Action  gives  many  poems  right  to  live . 

This  piece  gave  life  to  action  ;  and  will  give 

For  state  and  language,  in  each  change  of  age, 

To  time  delight,  and  honour  to  the  atage. 

Should  late  prescription  fail  which  fames  that  seat 

This  pen  might  style  the  Dulce  of  Florence  Great. 

Let  many  write,  let  much  be  printed,  read 

And  censur'd ;  toys  no  sooner  hatch 'd  than  dead. 

Here,  without  blush  to  truth  of  commendation. 

Is  proved,  how  art  hath  outgone  imitation. 

John  Ford. 

to  my  worthy  friend,  the  aitthor,  upon  his  tragi 
comedy  "  the  maid  of  honour." 

Was  not  thy  Emperor  enough  before 
For  thee  to  give,  that  thou  dost  g^ve  us  more? 
I  would  be  just,  but  csunot :  that  I  know 
I  did  not  slander,  this  I  fear  I  do. 


i'    XL 


COMMENDATORy  VERSES  ON  MASSINGER. 


Bui  pantoQ  me,  if  I  oS«nd  ;  Uijr  fira 
Let  equal  po«i8  praia«r  while  ]  udmire- 
If  lUiy  ftay  that  1  enough  hure  wnt» 
They  are  thy  foes,  and  enTy  at  tliv  wit. 
B4;tievo  not  tUem.  nor  me  *,  they  know  thy  liaea 
Deserve  applou^e,  but  speak  against  their  miads^ 
J,  out  of  ju&uce,  would  commeDd  tby  pby, 
Bui  (friend  forefivf*iJn«)  *tb  above  my  way. 
Que  word,  and  1  huve  doo«i  (nud  from  my  heart 
Would  I  could  jipeiik  the  whole  truib,  not  the  part 
6«caujie  *tis  tbine)»  tt  hencefortb  wUL  be  said. 
Not  tLe  iMuid  of  Honour^  but  the  Ilonour'd  Maid. 
Aston  Cockatiri*. 


TO  mS   WORTVY   FRIENDt  MR,  PHILIP  UASStKOEIl,  UPON 
n<a  TEAGI-OOM£1}Y,  Sl  YLEO    **  mE  PICTtJaB'' 

MvniiTfva  I  bear  aome  busy  critic  say, 

Who*a  this  tbat  stngly  ushers  in  this  tday  ? 

'Tia  boldness^  I  confess,  and  yet  perchance 

It  may  be  construed  love,  not  arrogance. 

I  do  not  here  upon  this  leaf  intrude. 

By  praising  one  to  wrong  a  muUituda. 

Nor  do  I  think  that  all  are  tied  to  be 

(Forced  by  my  rote)  iu  the  same  creed  with  me. 

Each  man  hiitli  liberty  to  judge  ;  free  will, 

At  his  own  pleasure  to  spenk  good  or  ill. 

But  yet  your  Muse  alrcady^s  known  so  well 

Her  worth  will  hardly  liud  an  infidel. 

Here  she  hath  Urawu  a  picture  which  shall  lie 

Safe  for  all  fuiure  times  to  practice  by  i 

Whatever  shall  follow  are  but  copies,  aome 

Preceding  works  were  types  of  thia  to  come* 

Til  your  own  lively  iiuagi*.  and  seta  forth. 

When  we  are  dust,  the  beauty  of  your  worth. 

He  til  at  tihtill  duly  read,  and  not  advance 

Aught  that  is  here,  betrays  bis  ignorance : 

Yet  whosoe'er  beyond  desert  commends, 

Erra  more  by  much  than  he  that  repreheiuU; 

For  praise  misplaced,  and  honour  aet  npoo 

A  wortblesa  subject,  is  detraction, 

I  cannot  sin  so  here,  unless  I  went 

About  to  style  you  only  excellent. 

Apollo*!  B:ift«  are  not  confined  alone 

To  your  OLspose,  be  hath  more  heira  than  ooa^ 

Adu  such  as  do  derive  from  his  blest  baud 

A  large  inlieritance  in  the  poeta'  laud, 

A  a  well  aa  you  ;  nor  are  you,  I  assure 

Myaelfi  ao  env^ioua,  but  you  can  endure 

Tohmrlbetr  praise ,  whose  worth  long  since  was 

known, 
And  justly  too  preforr'd  before  your  own, 
I  know  you'd  take  it  for  an  injury, 
(And  'tis  a  weli-becomitig  modesty), 
To  be  parallerd  with  fJeaumont,  or  to  bear 
Your  name  by  some  too  partial  friend  writ  near 
(Jnequaird  Junson;  being  men  whose  fire 
At  dtatance,  and  with  reverence,  yon  admits;. 
Do  so,  and  you  shall  Hnd  your  gain  will  be 
Much  more,  by  yielding  ibera  priority, 
Than  with  a  certainty  of  loss,  to  hold 
A  fiKjlisb  competition  r  *tis  too  bold 
A  task,  and  to  be  ahunnM  :  nor  shall  my  praise. 
With  too  much  weight,  ruin  what  it  would  nitsei 

1  U0MA9  jAXm 


*  AsToa  Cocftaiira.]  See  the  latrodaclloa  pamim. 


To     MY     WORniY     FRIEMD,       Mr.      rtltttr      MASSI^Ctta 

cpoN  ma  raAoi-coiaa&Y  callcc  the  "  LMPsaoa  of 

Till  EAST," 

SirrrER,  my  friend,  these  lines  to  bare  the  grace, 

That  they  may  be  a  mole  on  Venus'  face. 

There  is  no  fiatilt  about  thy  book  but  this. 

And  it  wilt  ahow  bow  fuir  thy  Emperor  is, 

Thou  more  tJian  poet !  our  Mercury «  that  art 

Apollo's  messenger,  and  dost  impart 

His  best  expressions  to  our  ears,  live  long 

To  purify  th*f  slighted  English  tongue, 

Thit  both  the  nymphs  of  Tagua  and  of  Po 

May  not  henceforth  despise  our  language  so* 

Nor  could  they  do  it,  if  they  e*er  had  seen 

The  matchless  features  of  the  Fairy  Queen  ; 

Read  Jonson,  Shakspoare,  Beaumont,  Fletcher,  or 

Thy  neatdimned  pieces,  skilful  Massinger. 

Thou  knowu,  all  the  Caaultans  must  confess 

Ve^o  de  Carpio  thy  foil,  and  bless 

His  tanguoge  can  translate  thee,  and  the  fine 

Italian  wits  yipltl  to  this  work  of  thine. 

Were  old  Pythagoras  alive  agaiti, 

In  thee  he  might  find  reason  to  maintain 

His  paradox.  iLat  souls  by  transmigralton 

I  n  divers  bodies  make  their  habication ; 

And  more,  than  all  poetic  souls  yet  Icnownv 

Are  met  in  thee,  contracted  into  one. 

Thi.4  is  a  truth,  not  an  applause  :  I  am 

One  that  at  furthest  distance  views  tby  fiame. 

Yet  may  prououuce,  tliat,  were  Apollo  dead, 

In  thee  hia  poesy  might  all  be  r«iaa. 

Forbear  thy  modesty  :   thy  Emperor's  vein 

Shall  live  admired,  when  poets  shall  complain 

It  is  a  potlern  of  loo  high  a  reach, 

And  what  great  Pbffibua  might  the  Mupea  teach. 

Let  it  live,  therefore,  and  ]  dure  be  bold 

To  say,  it  with  the  world  shall  not  grow  old. 

A»TON  Cocaai^b 


a    Fsis?rn    to  the  Aumon,   asu  wiLt-wiantt    « 

TUB  RBAOCR,  0?f  TUR  KXFEAOR  OW  '*  TUg  KAST/' 

Who  with  a  liberal  hand  freely  bestows 

His  bounty  on  all  comers,  and  yet  knows 

No  ebb,  nor  formal  limits,  but  proceeds 

Continuing  his  hospitable  deeds, 

With  daily  welcome  shall  advance  his  name 

Beyond  the  art  of  fiattery ;  with  such  fame 

May  yours,  dear  friend^  compare.     Your  muse  hath 

been 
Most  bountifult  and  I  have  often  seen 
The  witling  seats  receive  such  a«  have  fed, 
And  risen  thankful ;  yet  were  some  misled 
By  NSCKTY,  when  this  fair  banquet  came 
(So  I  allude)  their  ■tomaoha  were  to  blame, 
|3ec;kus(}  that  excellent,  sharp,  and  poignant  satio« 
Was  wanting,  they  arose  without  due  grace, 
Lo  !  ihna  a  aecond  time  he  dotb  invite  you  : 
Be  your  own  carvers,  and  it  may  deUglit  you. 

iouy  CLAvatt.. 


■TO    MY   raUB    FRlEWl}    AND    RftfTSMAftf,  PlflLlP   «IABai««' 
OEa,  0>l  MIS  *'  EMPEROH  OF  IHl  I  Art." 

T  TAts:  not  upon  trust,  nor  nm  I  led 
By  an  implicit  fnith  :  what  I  have  read 
U'ith  an  impartial  censure  1  dare  crown 
With  a  deserved  applmuse,  however  cried  down 
By  such  whose  malice  will  not  let  them  be 
Equal  to  any  piece  limnM  forth  by  thee. 


ttiSlifa 


i 


COMMENDATORY  VERSES  ON  MASSINGER. 


Contemn  their  poor  detraction,  and  still  write 
Poems  like  this,  that  can  endure  the  light. 
And  search  of  ahler  judgments.    This  will 
Th^  name ;  the  othera'  scandal  is  thy  praise. 
This,  oft  perused  by  grave  wits,  shaU  liTe  long. 
Not  die  as  soon  as  past  the  actor's  tongue, 
The  late  of  alighter  toys ;  and  I  must  say, 
Tis  not  enough  to  make  a  pasaine  plav 
In  a  true  poet :  works  that  should  enaura 
Must  hare  a  genius  in  them  strong  as  pure. 
And  such  is  thine,  friend :  nor  shall  time  deroitr 
The  weU'form'd  features  of  thy  Emperor. 

WlLUAM  SmOLSION. 


TO    TBB    mOIKIOUB     AVTflOR     MASTBB    PHILIP      MA8- 

smou,  09  nis  ooiikdt  called  "  ▲  hxw  wat  to 
PAT  OLD  Dnrs." 

Tis  a  rare  charity,  and  thou  coaldst  not 
So  proper  to  the  time  hare  found  a  plot : 
Yec  whilst  you  teach  to  pay,  you  lend;  the  age 
We  wretehee  lire  in,  that  to  come  the  stage, 
The  thronged  audience  that  was  thither  brought, 
Inrited  by  your  fame,  and  to  be  taueht 
Thia  lesaon ;  all  are  grown  indebted  more. 
And  when  they  look  for  freedom,  ran  in  score. 
It  was  a  cruel  courtesy  to  call 
In  hope  of  liber^,  and  then,  inthrall. 
The  nobles  are  your  bondmen,  gentry,  and 
AU  besides  those  that  did  not  understand. 
They  were  no  men  of  credit,  bankrupts  boro« 
Fit  to  be  trusted  with  no  stock  but  scorn* 


Yon  hare  more  wisely  credited  to  such, 
That  though  they  cannot  pay,  can  value  much, 
I  am  your  debtor  too,  but,  to  my  shame. 
Repay  you  nothing  back  but  your  own  fame. 

Henry  Moody*.    'Miles.    ' 
i 

to    his    FBIXND  the    author,    on    '*  A    NEW  WAY   TO 
PAY  OLD  DBBTS. 

You  may  remember  how  you  chid  me,  when 

I  rank'd  you  equal  with  those  glorious  men, 

Beaumont  and  Fletcher  :  if  you  love  not  praise. 

You  must  forbear  the  publisbing  of  plays. 

The  crafty  masea  of  the  cunning  plot. 

The  poliBh'd  phrase,  the  sweet  expressions,  got 

Neitner  by  theft  nor  yiolence  ;  the  conceit 

Fresh  and  unsullied ;  all  is  of  weight, 

Able  to  make  the  captiye  reader  know 

I  did  but  justice  when  I  placed  you  so. 

A  shamefaced  blushing  would  become  the  brow 

Of  some  weak  virgin  writer ;  we  allow 

To  you  a  kind  of  pride,  and  there  where  most 

Should  blush  at  commendations,  you  should  boast. 

If  any  think  I  flatter,  let  him  look 

Off  mun  my  idle  trifles  on  thy  book. 

TUOMAS  Jat. 


•  Hbnbt  Moodt.1  Sir  Henry  Moody  pUys  on  the  title 
of  the  piece.  He  has  not  moch  of  the  poet  In  him,  iMit  ap 
peart  to  be  a  fHcndly,  eood-natored  man.  A  short  poem  ol 
his  is  prefixed  to  tlie  folio  edition  of  Beanmont  and  Fletcher. 
He  was  one  of  the  gentlemen  who  had  nonorary  degrees 
conferred  on  them  by  Charles  I.,  on  his  rctorn  to  Oxford 
from  the  battle  of  EdgehiU. 


1 

GLOSSARIAL     INDEX. 

Abram  mibt,  S56 

Bellona,  262 

cantelns,  101 

abaord,  «94 

bells  ring  backward,  62 

cavallery,  234 

abmse,  t40 

bend  the  body,  72.  482 

censure,  116,  221 

acts  of  parliament,  497 

beneath  the  salt,  378 

ceruse,  396 

actaate,  189 

beso  las  msnos,  213 

chamber,  147 

aerie,  ?t,  «50 

betake,  399 

chapel  fall,  118 

affecU,  97 

bind  with,  412 

chapioes,  123 

alba  regalia.  271 

bird-bolts,  420 

Charles  the  robber,  418 

altar,  158 

birthright,  99 

charms  on  rubies,  207 

a  many,  11 

Biscsn,  459 

cheese-trenchers,  502 

amorous,  207 

bisognion,  241 

chiaus,  135 

Amsterdam,  121 

blacks,  319 

chine  evil,  274 

Anaxarete,  185 

blasphemous,  210 

choice  and  richest,  126 

angel  (bird),  11 

bloods,  333 

chreokopia,  496 

ape,  105 

blue  gown,  405 

chuffs,  73 

apostate,  25,  29,  57,  38 

braches,  54,349,  390 

church -book,  496 

apple,  305 

brave,  142,  461 

circular,  296 

Argien,  37 

braveries,  92, 155 

civil,  144,381 

arrearages,  264 

brarery,  54,261,501 

clap-dish,  154 
clemm'd,  182 

as  (as  iQ  359 

Breda,  351 

astrology,  386 

Brennus,  339; 

close  breeches.  331 

atbeism,  240 

broadside  (to  shew),  147 

clubs,  125,  380 

atOLsment,  82 

brother  in  arms,  233 

coats,  507 

ATentine,  173 

buck,  24 

Colbrand,  331 

bog.  365 

colon,  35. 260 

B. 

bullion,32l 

come  aloft,  105  ; 

buoy'd.  354 
burul  denied,  316 

comfort,  471 

bake-house,  166 

comiog  in,  74 

bandog,  13 

burse,  389 

commence,  80.  293 

banqaet,  44,[S84 

bury  money,  515 

commodities.  102 

banqueting-liouse,  93 

but,  123,  306 

come  off,  54 

Baptista  Porta,  254 

Butler  (Dr.),  504. 

commoner,  20 

bar,  157 

comparison,  263 

barathmm,  363 

C. 

comrogues,  395 

barley.brtak,28 

calver'd  salmon,  237,  429 

conceited,  101 

bases,  260 

camel.  322 

conclusions,  80 

bsttket,  337,  353,  379 

cancelier,  413 

conduit,  166 

battalia,  260 

canters,  3i9 

conquering  Romans,  105 

battle  of  Sabia,  472 

Caransa,  42,  422 

consort,  259,  331 

beadsmen,  383,  391 

carcanet,  400,  439 

constable,  to  steal  a,  226 

bearing  dishes,  374 

caroch,  123,  248 

constant  in,  4 

Beaomelle,  323 

carouse,  62 

constantly,  220 

beceo,  282 

carpet  knights,  235 

cooks*  shops,  358 

bees,  399 

caster,  397 

Corinth,  93 

beetles,  73' 

casting,  278 

corsive8.192,309 

beg  estates,  288 

cast  suit,  275 

counsel,  74, 189 

begkrbeg,  135 

cater,  385 

counterfeit  gold  thread,  354 

GLOSSARIAL  INDEX. 


courtesy,  «08 

courtship,  79.  77,  «03,  «17,  439 

courtesies,  372 

cow-eyes,  51,  393 

crack,  34 

crincomes,  430 

crone,  34 

crosses,  130 

crowd,  532 

crowns  o'  the  sun,  35 

cry  absurd !  294 

cry  aim,  96, 132 

Cupid  and  Death,  24 

cuUions,  419 

cunning,  417 

curiosity,  379 

Curious  Impertinent,  329 

curiousness,  49,  151 

cypress,  481 


dagrff,  332 

dalliance.  22 

dangler,  318,  404 

dead  pays,  54 

death,  the,  66 

deck,  422 

decline,  227 

deduct,  506 

deep  ascent,  480 

deer  often,  301 

defeature,  108 

defensible,  411 

degrees,  184 

Delphos,  339 

demeans,  253 

denying  burial,  31 6 

depart,  123 

dependencies,  226 

deserved  me,  369  , 

Diana,  82 

discourse  and  reasoUi  39 

disclose,  230 

dispartations,  13 1 

dissolve,  83.  186 

distaste,  49,  123 

divert,  202 

doctor,  go  out,  80, 

doctrine,  226,  297 

drad, 8 

drawer-on,  417 

dresser,  cook's  drum,  43,  422 

drum-wine,  889 

Dunkirk,  77 


elenchs,  294 
elysium,  25 
empiric,  303 
eiitradas,  433 
equal,  35 
equal  mart,  477 
estridge,  254 
extend,  373,  404 
eyasses,  278 

F. 
faith,  17 
fame,  462 
far-fetch'd,  419 


fault,  114,  510 

fautors.  117 

fellow,  966 

festival  exceedings,  278 

fetch  in,  188 

fewierer,  232,  278 

Fielding,  398 

fineness,  137 

Fiorinda,  199 

flies,  11 

for,  27 

forks,  213 

forms,  46 

fore-right,  147 

forth,  308 

frequent,  174,  176 

frippery,  379 

fur,  380 


gabel,  289 

gallant  of  the  last  edition,  379 

galley  foist,  321 

galliard,  511 

garden-house,  93 

gauntlets,  47 

Gay,  320 

gazet,  237 

gemonies,  174 

gimcrack,  83 

Giovanni,  199 

glad  to,  11 

glorious,  37,  51,202 

go  by.  246 

God  be  wi*  you,  389 

g^ds  to  friend,  174 

gold  and  store,  963, 397 

golden  arrow,  184 

go  less,  393,  484 

golls,  395 

go  near,  129 

good,  394 

good  fellows,  435 

good  lord,  284 

good  man,  317 

good  mistress,  176 

goody  wisdom,  321 

Gorgon,  471 

governor's  place,  8 

Granson,  317 

Great  Britain,  27 

green  apron,  122 

Gresset,  470 

grim  sir,  46 

grub  up  forests,  419 

guard,  256 

11. 
hairy  comet,  36 
hand,  13d 
hawking,  278 
heaU,  97 

hecatombaion,  507 
Hecuba,  187 
hell,  378,  478 
high  forehead,  34 
hole,  378 

homed  moons,  130 
hose,  213 
humanity,  319 


hunt's  up,  71 
hurricane,  58 


Jane  of  apes,  105 
jewel,  432,  457 
imp,  147,  195.  201 
impotence,  192,  444 
impotent,  45 
Indians,  402 
induction,  335 
ingles,  395 
interess.  63 
Iphis,  185 


ka  me  ka  thee,  385 
katexochidn,  420 
keeper  of  the  door,  164 
knock  on  the  dresser,  43 


Lochrymae,  226,  281 

lackeying,  4 

Lady  Compton,  387 

lady  of  the  lake,  356 

lanceprezado,  237 

lapwing's  cunning,  516 

lavender,  273 

lavolta,  215,  390 

leadeq  dart,  7 

leaguer,  254,  326 

leege,  301 

Lent,  143 

Tenvoy,  484, 490 

leper,  154 

lets,  8,  57 

lightly,  100 

line,  11 

little,  69 

lively  grave.  319 

living  funeral,  1 10 

looking-glasses  at  the  girdle,  578 

lost,  146 

loth  to  depart,  514 

lottery,  167 

lovers  perjuries,  208 

Lowin,  John,  173 

Ludgate,  382 

Luke,  402 

lye  abroad,  121 

M. 
M.  for  master,  398 
magic  picture,  255 
magnificent,  292 
Mahomet,  121 
Malefort,  36 
Mammon,  181 
mandrakes,  3^ 
mankind,  390 
marginal  fingers,  3%9 
marmoset,  389 
Mars,  262 
Marseilles,  35, 151 
masters  of  dependencies,  226 
Mephostophilus,  280 
mermaid,  514 
Minerva,  194 
miniver  cap,  400 


GLOSSARIAL  INDEX. 


mirror  of  knigbthood,  414 
mutress,  48, 163 
mistress*  colours,  1 16 
moppes,  105 
Morat,  317 
more,  t6t 
most  SB  endy  449 
music,  353 
muiic-msater,  333 

N. 
Nancy,  317 
nerer-faUing,  288 
Nell  of  Greece,  513 
niggle,  310 
nightingale,  203 
night-rail,  393 
nimming,  434 
no  cunning  quean,  93 
north  passage,  388 
NoTall.  330 
number  his  years,  178 


October,  98 
oil  of  angels,  76 
oil  of  talc,  396 
Olympus,  367 
Ovid,  484 
outcry.  383 
owe,  99 
owes,  7, 138 


packing  313 
padder,  366 
pale-spirited.  356 
Pandanis,  431 
paned  hose,  313,  501 
pantofle,  sworn  to,  46 
paraUel,  81, 330 
parle,  471 
parted,  13,  317 
parts,  343 
pMb,  1« 

passionately,  508 
passions,  496,  534 
pastry  forti6cations,  351 
Patch,  364.  374 
Paris,  battle  of,  63 
peat,  333 
peevish,  30 
peevishness,  371 
perfected  49 
pers^ver,  4, 350 
personate,  317,  354 
Pescara,  66 
physicisns,  445 
piety,  476 
pine-tree,  70 
pip,  331 
place,  413,  493 
play  mv  prize,  370 
plnmed  victory,  40 
plarisy,  51 

Plymouth  cloak,  349,  397 
Ponialier,  338 
poor  John,  131 ,  365 
porter's  lodge,  76,  350 
poiU,4 


possessed,  309 

power  of  things,  174 

practice,  167,  333 

practick,  394 

precisian,  349 

prest,  393 

pretty,  340 

prevent,  371,  498 

prevented,  136 

progress,  410 

provant  sword,  336 

providence,  361 

pull  down  the  side,  40, 316 

puppet,  70 

purer,  68 

purge,  365 

put  on,  79,  314,  363,  403 

Q. 

quality,  176,  260,  333,  510 
quirpo,  331 
quited,  505 

R. 

rag,  336 

Ram  Alley,  358 

remarkable,  41 

relic,  133 

remember.  Ill,  156,439 

remora,  130 

re-refine,  389 

resolved,  73,  381 

rest  on  it,  95 

riches  of  catholic  king,  483 

ride,  390 

rivo.  131 

roarer,  136 

Roman,  398 

roses,  379,  401 

rouKO,  63,  103 

royal  merchant,  139 

rubies,  307 


S. 
Sabla,  battle  of,  473 
sacer,  305 
sacratus,  505 
sacred  badge,  141 
sacrifice,  330 
sail-stretcb'd,  37 
sainted,  377 
St.  Dennis,  154 
St.  Martin's.  397 
sanzacke,  135 
salt,  above  the,  44 
scarabs,  73 
scenery,  381 
scholar,  354 
scirophorion,  507 
scotomy,  511 
sea-rats,  461 
Sedgely  curse,  387 
seisactheia,  496 
servant,  48,  50,  153,  414 
shadows,  43 
shall  be,  is,  416 
shape,  117,  164,  184, 186,  399 
sbe-Dunkirk,  77 
sherifiTs  basket,  379 


sbining  shoes,  419 

Sir  Giles  Mompeseon,  364 

skills  not,  63,  170,  173 

sleep  on  either  ear,  416 

small  legs,  450 

softer  neck,  50 

so,  bo,  birds,  378 

solve,  83 

sort,  30 

sovereign,  533 

sought  to,  57 

sparred,  33 

Spartan  boy,  436 

sphered,  33 

spit,  38 

spital,  390 

spittle,  374,  337,  390 

spring,  48 

squire  o'dames,  164,  387 

squire  o*  Troy,  431 

sule  the  jest,  53,  487 

startup,  379 

state,  93,  93,  333 

sutute  against  witches,  373 

staunch,  93 

stesl  a  constable,  336 

steal  courtesy  from  heaven,  808 

Sterne,  331 

stiletto,  371 

still  an  end,  449 

stones,  378 

story,  315 

strange,  93 

strongly,  303 

street  fired,  118 

strengths,  159,  146,  501 

striker,  54 

suit,  591 

sworn  servant,  181 

Swiss,  517 

synonyms,  387,  556 


table,  503 

taint,  164 

take  in,  574 

take  me  with  you,  315,  341,  459 

take  up,  305 

Ull  ships.  50 

tall  trenchermen,  44 

temin, 561 

tattered,  15 

Termsgant,  131 

theatre,  175 

Tbeocrine,  58 

thick-skinned,  83 

thinff  of  things,  103 

third  meal,  75 

thought  for,  575 

Thrace,  363 

time,  180 

Timoleon,  94 

to-to,  455 

token,  549,  599 

toothful,  38 

toothpicks,  313 

tosses,  363 

touch,  484 

train,  53 

tramontanes,  306 


GL0S3ARIAL  INDEX. 


trillibubs,  5lt 

trimmed,  163 

try  conclusions,  80 

tune,  180 

turn  Turk,  145,  333 

twines,  411 


onciyil,  330 
unequsl  308 
uses,  336, 397 

V. 

vail.  341,  389 
TsrleU,  336 
Venice  glasses,  135 
Virbius,  185 


voley,  370 
TOtes,  431 

W. 

waistcoateer,  390 
walk  after  supper,  44 
walk  the  round,  359, 433 
ward,  356 
wards,  409 
wardship,  409 
watchmen,  497 
way  of  youth,  175,  456 
weakness  the  last,  463 
wear  the  caster,  397 
wear  scarlet,  381 
well,  323 
wheel,  363 


where,  (whereas)  tdf,  314,  519 

441,464 
while,  194,  499 
whiting-mop,  439 
whole  field  wide,  333,  393 
why,  when!  193 
witches,  373 
witness,  395 
wishes,  as  well  as,  455 
wolf.  471 

work  of  grace,  137 
wreak,  133 


yaws,  453 
yellow,  80 
yeoman  fewterer,  333,  278 


4= 


A    LIST 


MASSINGER'S    PLAYS. 


Those  marked  that  *  are  in  the  pretent  Edition, 

1.  Tns  Forced  Lady,  T.    This  was  one  of  the  plays  destroyed  by  Mr.  Warbarton's  serrant*. 

S.  The  Noble  Choice,  C.  \  Entered    on    the     Sutioners'    books,    by    H.    Moseley, 

3.  The  Wanderings  Lovers,  C.  J^Sept.  9,  1653 ;  but  not  printed.     These  werej^amongr  the 

4.  Fhilenso  and  Hippolita,  T.  C.  J  plays  destroyed  by  Mr.  Warburton's  servant. 

5.  Antonio  and  Valliaf,  C.  ")  Entered  on  the  Stationers'  books,  by  H.  Mosely,  June  29, 

6.  1  he  Tyrant,  T.  \  1660,  but  not  printed.      I'hese  too  were  among^  the  plays 

7.  Fast  and  Welcome,  C.  J  destroyed  by  Mr.  Warburton's  servant. 

8.  The  Woman's  Plot,  C     Acted  at  court  \6tl.    Destroyed  by  Mr.  Warburton's  servant. 

9.  •The  Old  Law,  C.     AssUted  by  Rowley  and  Middleton,  Quarto,  1656. 

10.  ^'he  Virgin-Martjrr,  T.    Assisted  by  Decker.     Acted  by  the  servants  of  his  Majesty's  revels.    Quarto, 

1629  ;  Quarto,  1631 ;  Quarto,  1661. 

11.  *The  Unnatural  Combat,  T.     Acted  at  the  Globe.     Quarto,  1639. 

12.  *The  Duke  of  Milan,  T.     Acted  at  Black- Friars.     Quarto,  1623 ;  Quarto,  1638. 

13.  *The  Bondman^  T.  C.      Acted  December  3,  1623,  at  the  Cockpit,   Drury  Lane.     Quarto,  1624 ; 

Quarto,  1638. 

14.  •The  Renegade,  T.  C.     Acted  April  17,  1624,  at  the  Cockpit,  Drury  Lane.    Quarto,  1630. 

15.  •The  Parliament  of  Love,   C.      Unfinished.     Acted   November  3,   1624,  at  the  Cockpit,  Drury 

Lane. 

16.  The  Spanish  Viceroy,  C.    Acted  in   1624.    Entered  on  the  Stationers'  books,  September  9,   1653, 

by  H.  Moseley,  but  not  printed.     This  was  one  of  the  plays  destroyed  by  Mr.  Warburton's 
senrant. 

17.  •The  Roman  Actor,  T.    Acted  October  11,  1626,  by  the  King's  company.    Quarto,  1629. 

18.  The  Judge.     Acted  June  6,  1627,  by  the  King's  company.    This  play  is  lost. 

19.  •  The  Great  Duke  of  Florence.    Acted  July  5,  1627,  at  the  Phoenix,  Drury  Lane.    Quarto,  1636. 
fO.  The  Honour  of  Women.    Acted  May  6,  1628.     This  play  is  lost. 

21.  'The  Maid  of  Honour,  T.  C^.     Acted  at  the  Phoenix,  Drury  Lane.    Date  of  its  first  appearance 

uncertain.     Quarto,  1632. 

22.  'The  Pictare,  T.  C.    Acted  June  3,  1629,  at  the  Globe.    Quarto,  1630. 

S3.  Minerva's  Sacrifice,  T.  Acted  November  3,  1629,  bv  the  King's  company.  Entered  on  the 
Sutiooera'  books  Sept.  9,  1653,  but  not  printed.  This  was  one  of  the  plays  destroyed  by  Mr. 
Warburton's  servant. 

•  In  kit  fint  edition*  Mr.  Gifford  had  entered  after  thlt  play  ths  Secretary,  of  which  the  title  ap|iean  in  the  caUlogne 
whick  fiirnialMd  tlie  material*  for  Poole't  PamaMus.  Mr.  Gilchrist  having  discovered  among  some  old  rabbish  In  a 
villafe  librarv,  that  the  work  referred  to  is  a  translation  of  familiar  letters  by  Mont.  La  Serre,  and  that  the  translator's 
name  was  John  Maaainger.lt  was  omitted  in  the  list  famished  for  the  second  edition. 

t  In  that  roost  cvrions  MS.  Register  discovered  at  Dalwich  College,  and  subjoined  by  Mr.  Malone  to  his  "  Historical 
Accoon«  of  the  English  Stige,  is  the  following  entry,  "  R.  30  of  J  one,  1009,  at  antonp  and  valiea  01.  axs.  Od  "  If  this 
be  the  play  entered  by  Moaely,  Massinger's  claims  can  only  arise  from  his  having  revised  and  altered  it;  for  he  mast  have 
been  a  mere  child  when  it  was  first  pnxlaced.    See  the  Introduction,  p. 

I  Mr.  Malooc  tUnki  this  to  be  the  play  immediately  preceding  it,  with  a  new  title.    This  is,  however,  extremely  donbtniL 


LISr  OF  MASSINGER'S  PLAYS. 


f  4.  •The  Emperor  of  the  East»  T.  C.    Acted  March  11,  1831,  at  Black  Friars.    Quarto,  1632. 

35.  Believe  as  you  List,  C.    Acted  May  7,  ld31.    Entered  on  the  Sutioners'  books,  September  9, 1653, 

and  again  J  one  29,  1660,  bat  not  printed.    This  also  was  one  of  the  plays  destzojed  by  Mr. 
Warburton's  servant. 

36.  The  Italian  Nightpiece,  or  The  Unfortonate  Piety,  T.    Acted  June  13,  1631,  by  the  King's  oompany. 

This  play  is  lost. 

27.  •The  Fatal  Dowry,  T.    Assisted  by  Field.    Acted  by  the  King's  company.    Quarto,  163f . 

28.  •A  New  Way  to  Pay  Old  Debts,  C.     Acted  at  the  Phoenix,  Drury  Lane.     Quarto,  1633. 

29.  •The  City  Madam,  C.    Acted  May  25,  163S,  by  the  King's  company.     Quarto,  1659. 

30.  •I'he  Guardian,  C.    Acted  October  31,  1633,  by  the  King's  company.     Octavo,  1655. 

31.  llie  Tragedy  of  Oleander.     Acted  May  7,  1634,  bv^the  King's  company.     This  play  is  lost. 

32.  •A  Very  Woman,  T.  C.     Acted  June  6,  1634,  by  tne  King's  company.     OcUro,  1655. 

33.  The  Orator.     Acted  June  10,  1635,  by  the  King's  company.     This  play  is  lost. 

34.  •The  Bashful  Lover,  T.C.     Acted  May  9, 1636,  by  the  King's  company.     Octavo.  1655. 

35.  The  King  and  the  Subject.    Acted  June  5,  1638,  by  the  King's  company.    This  play  is  lost. 

36.  Alexius,  or  the  Chaste  Lover.||      Acted   September   25,    1639,    by   the   King's    company.     This 

play  is  lost. 

37.  The  Prisoner,  or  the  Fair  Anchoress  of  Pausilippo.    Acted  June  26,  1640,  by  the  King's  compaoy 

This  play  is  lost. 

•  The  title  of  thii  pUy«  Sir  H.  Herbert  tells  nii  was  changed,  Mr.  Malone  conjectares  it  was  aamed  '*The  Tjrnmti*  om 
of  Warburton's  unfortanate  collection.'*  Probably*  however,  it  was  •abreqnentty  found:  as  a  MS.  tragedy  called  "Tkc 
Tyrant,**  was  sold  NoYemberi  1750*  among  the  books  of  John  Warbniton,  Esq..  Somerset  Herald."— J?t«y.  Drwmm. 

t  This  play  mast  liave  possessed  ancommon  merit,  since  it  drew  the  Queen  (Henrietta  Maria)  to  Blacktriars.  ArcauL_ 
able  event  at  that  time*  when  onr  Sovereigns  were  not  accustomed  to  visit  the  public  theatres.  She  honoored  It  wiA  her 
presence  on  the  18th  of  May*  six  days  after  its  first  appearance.   The  circvmetance  is  recorded  by  the  Matter  of  the  Reveib 

X  iifearkM].  This  play  i»  snppoeed  by  the  editors  of  the  **  Biographia  Dramatica,"  to  be  the  same  at "  Baakfal  Lover.** 


I\c 


THE 


VIRGIN    MARTYR. 


Turn  Vnumf-MARTTR.]  Of  this  Tragedy,  wliieh  appears  to  have  been  very  popular,  Aere  are  three 
edhions  m  anarto,  1632,  1651,  and  1661 ;  the  Uwt  of  which  is  infinitely  the  worst  It  is  not  possible  to 
ascertain  woen  it  was  first  produced ;  but  as  it  is  not  mentioned  among  the  dramatic  pieces  "  read  and 
allowed  "  by  Sir  H.  Herbert,  whose  account  commences  with  1629,  it  was  probably  amongst  the  author's 
earliest  efforts.  In  the  composition  of  it  he  was  assisted  by  Decker,  a  poet  of  sufficient  reputation  to 
pcoToke  the  hostility  or  the  enry  of  Jouson,  and  the  writer  of  sereral  plays  much  esteemed  by  his  con- 
temporarieB. 

In  the  first  edition  of  this  tragedy  it  is  said  to  have  been  **  dirers  times  publicly  acted  with  great  applause 
by  the  senrants  of  his  Majesty's  Rerels."  The  plot  of  it,  as  Coxeter  obsenres,  is  founded  on  the  tenth  and 
last  geoeralpersecution  of  the  Christians,  which  broke  out  in  the  nineteenth  year  of  Dioclesian's  reign,  with 
a  fury  hardly  to  be  expressed ;  the  Christians  being  eirery  where,  without  distinction  of  sex,  age,  or 
condition,  dragged  to  execution,  and  subjected  to  the  most  exquisite  torments  that  rage,  cruelty,  and  hatred 
could  suggest. 


DRAMATIS  PERSONiE. 


King  ef  Pontus. 
King  cf  Epire. 
King  ofMwcedfm, 
Sapritius,  Governor  of  Ca^sarea. 
Theophilus,  a  sealout  pertecutar  of  Hib  Ckriitians 
Sempsonius,  captain  rf  SAParnus'  guard*, 
Aktokinus,  ton  to  SAPRrm's. 
Mackisv^,  friend  to  Antoninus. 
Harpax,  an  evil  tpirit,  following  Theophilus  in  the 
thape  of  a  teeretary. 


Angbu),  a  good  spirit,  serving  Dorothea  in  the  habit  of 

a  page. 
HiRcius,  a  whoremaster, }  .     /•  t> 

Spusoius,  a  drunkard,  \  '^''"'^  ^/  Dorohiea. 
Priett  of  Jupiter, 
British  Slave. 

Artemia,  daughter  to  Dioclesian. 

C^'i^A,}^'^^^'  ^  Theophilu*. 
Dorothea,  the  Virgin-Martyr, 
Officers  aud  Executioners. 


SCENE,  Cffisarea. 


ACT  I. 


SCENE  h^The  Govebnor's  Palace, 
Enter  Tbbophilvs  and  Harpax. 
Theaph,  Come  to  Caesarea  to-night ! 
Harp,  Most  true,  sir. 
Tkeoph,  The  emperor  in  person ! 
Harp,  Do  I  live? 
Theaph,  Tis  wondrous  strange  !   The  marches  of 

Like  to  the  motions  of  prodigious  meteors. 

Are  stegby  step  observed ;  and  loud-tongued  Fame 

The  harbinger  to  prepare  their  entertainment : 

And»  were  it  possible  so  great  an  army. 

Though  ooyer*d  with  the  night,  could  be  so  near, 

The  goremor  cannot  be  so  unfriended 

Among  the  many  that  attoid  his  person. 

But,  by  some  aeciet  means,  he  should  hare  notice 


Of  Cspsar's  purpose* ;— in  this  then  excuse  me, 
If  I  appear  mcredulous. 

Harp.  At  your  pleasure. 

Theoph.  Yet,  when  I  call  to  mind  you  never  fail*d 
In  things  more  difficult,  but  have  discovered  [me. 
Deeds  that  were  done  thousand  leagues  distant  from 

me, 
When  neither  woods,  nor  caves,  nor  secret  vaults. 
No,  nor  the  Power  they  serve,  cotdd   keep  these 

Christians 
Or  from  my  reach  or  punishment,  but  thy  magic 

*  Of  Camr's  p-trpote  ;— In  this  then  esam  nw,]  Before 
Mr.  M.  Masoo'i  elition,  it  itood : 

he  shwdd  have  notice 

Of  Ctetar'9  purpose  in  thit, 

meaning,  periiapa,  in  this  hasty  and  unexpected  visit :  I 
have  not,  howeYer,  allured  the  pointing. 

B  9 


THE  VIRCIN-MARTVB. 


[Act  1* 


Btill  Iftid  tbexn  opt'ii ;  I  b*?^m  aj5«» 
To  bi»  »a  coDli'l^uf  a*  btTf  tofore, 
It  ij  not  po6sib1t»  thy  powprftil  art 
Should  meet  &  chfi«;x,  or  full, 

Bnttra  Prie«t  with  the  littagf  of  Jupitrr,  Causita 
and  Ciii{i«mn  \. 

Ihirp.  Look  on  the  Vi-atala, 
TW  hijlv  pknlges  thui  lht>  gcxla  hare  js^iven  yoo. 
Your  ctiJisff,  tair  dsiufjhteri.     \Ver't  not  to  upbraid 
A  wrvici'  to  u  miister  not  unthankful, 
I  could  aay  tlieau,  in  spitu  of  your  prevention, 
Seductid  by  mi  imngiui**!  fiiitb,  not  renjion, 
(Which  IS  ibo  strength  of  nsiture,)  quite  foriuiking 
The  Gentile  gods,  hiwl  peldetl  tjp  thpm««lvea 
To  this  new-found  religion.     This  [  crosa'd, 
Disco rer'd  their  intentions,  taught  you  to  Ufl«» 
With  gentle  words  and  mild  [x^niuajiions. 
The  power  and  the  authority  of  n  fnther 
Set  off  with  cruel  threata  ;  and  so  feclftim'd  thvtn  : 
Andt  wbercM  they  with  tormenU  should  hitve  died, 
(HtU'i  furie*  to  lue,  bad  they  undergone  it ! ) 

ITiw  WP©  now  votariei  in  great  Jupiter's  temple^ 
AnX  bv  hts  priest  instructed^  grown  familiar 
With  aJl  the  mysteriea,  nay,  the  moit  abstniAe  ones* 
Belonging  to  bis  deity. 

Thettph.  *Twaa  a  bi^e6t, 
For  which  I  ever  owe  you.     Hail,  JoTe*i  flwiien  1 
Hare  thvne  my  daughters  reconcdtnl  themselTM, 
Abandontng  for  ever  the  Chriiilian  waj. 
To  vour  opinion  T 

f^rMiftp  And  are  constant  in*  iL  [ment, 

Tluiv  teacb  their  teachers  with  thcnr  depth  of  judg^- 
And  ■re  with  arguments  able  to  convert 
T^  enemiea  to  our  gods,  and  answer  ail 
TImv  Gsa  object  against  ua* 

Tneaph.  My  dear  daughters  !  [sect, 

Cah  We   dare  dispute  againat  thia  new-aprung 
In  private  or  in  publiic. 

Harp.     Itly  best  lady, 
Pcrs^f^ver  t  in  it* 

Chrit.  And  what  we  maintain. 
We  will  seal  with  our  bloods. 

Uitrp,  Brare  resolution  ! 
I  e  en  grow  fat  to  see  my  Inboura  prosper. 

Thtoph.  I  young  again.     To  your  devotions. 

Hat^.  Do — 
My  prayer*  be  present  with  you. 

{Kitttni  Prktt  and  Daughters  of  Theofthlht. 

Thf0ifh.  O  my  ITuqMis  ! 
Thou  ^ngitie  ol  ui)^  wishes,  thou  that  sieerat 
My  bluodv  r»«otutions ;  thou  that  ann'st         [sion  ; 
My  evei  Against  womanish  tears  luid  soft  eompas- 
Inatructing  me,  without  a  sigh,  to  took  ott 


torn  by  violence  from  tlieir  mothen*  breMta 
To  htd  the  fire,  and  with  tlit«m  make  oiii»  flamo ; 
Old  mfliii,  la  beaata^  in  Inmsu'  liking  torn  by  dogs  ; 
Vui^iiui  and  matrons  tire  the  executiouerv  ^ 
Yet  I,  unaatiafied,  think  their  tonnenu  eejy. 
Harp.  Ami  in  thai,  just,  not  cruid. 

*  Pfiejt  And  an  comtant  ia  it.\  So  tbc  firit  l«w  ctli. 
tloo*.  Hie  List,  virhlch  b  v«^  IncorrerUy  pHuUtl,  rr^dkla 
Up  aiul  if  fotloWfrfl  by  lb«  mudcrn  Mlltort. 

t  r«T!M:t«T  in  jl.j  ^^■  tltiia  wiird  WM  ■aciently  wrUlt-Q 
and  prt*#M>iiiiciLi1  .  ihiii  \\\t  king,  in  MtMmttt : 

— but  to  I'trratvcf 

In  ohtti/utt*  nyfutntewtmt, 
Coa«lcr  atlopii  ilii  imrni'iiU^l  rradittf  of  the  tbli^i  qa«r1o, 
III  H,  *nd  l«  ftUtuwiiTiJ  b>  Mr-  IVl,  Ma«oa,  wl>ohrj«v- 


Thtifph,  Were  all  iiceptres 
That  grace  the  Imnd^  of  kings,  made  into  oi»e« 
And  uiferM  me,  all  crownj*  laid  at  my  (eM, 
I  would  contemn  them  fdl,— thus  «inl  at  tlietn  j 
So  I  to  (ill  posterities  might  lie  cull  d 
The  jttrcnigest  champion  of  the  Fugaa  gods. 
And  rooti^f  out  of  Christiana. 

Harp.  Oh^  mine  own, 
7^1  ine  own  dear  lord  !  to  further  this  great  work, 
1  ever  lire  thy  slave, 

Enter  Safritius  and  Sexpsonivs. 

Thenph.  No  more — the  governor.  [doubled  ; 

Sap,  Keep  tJie  ports  close*,  and  let  the  guards  be 
Disarm  the  Chrij&tians,  call  it  ileatli  in  any 
To  wear  a  sword,  or  in  hia  housu  lo  lave  oneu 

Stmp.  I  shall  be  careful,  dr. 

Sap,  'Twill  well  become  you. 
Such  ua  refuse  to  offer  aacri'fioe 
1  o  any  of  our  gods,  put  to  tlie  torture, 
firub  up  thia  growing  mischief  hv  tiie  roota  ; 
And  know,  when  we  are  mercifuf  to  tliem, 
W' e  lo  ourselves  are  cruel, 

Semp.  You  pour  oil 
On  lire  liiat  bnms  aJreadj  at  the  height ; 
I  know  the  em|>eror's  edict,  and  my  charge, 
And  they  shall  iind  no  favour. 

Thmph,  yiy  goo<J  lord, 
Tliis  tare  is  timely  for  the  entcrtaiomenC 
Of  onr  great  master,  who  thia  night  in  jieraoii 
Comes  here  to  thank  you. 

Sap.  Who!   the  emperor  T  [triumph, 

Httrp.  To  clear  your  doubts,  he  doth  n*tum  in 
Kit  1^9  lackey  in  ^  f  by  hi:i  tritini[ih.uit  chariot ; 
Aud  iu  this  glorious  victory,  my  lord, 
Vou  httVH  uu  umplt)  }*hiire  ;  for  knon-,  your  son, 
'Pie  neVr-euough  commende<l  Antonmus, 
8(>  well  hath  flejih'd  his  maiden  sv^ortl  X,  ;uid  died 
Hiii  snowy  plumes  ao  deep  in  enemies'  hlocx]. 
That,  befiideA  public  grace  beyond  lu^  hopes, 
There  are  rt'wiurds  pnDpouudcd, 

Sap,  I  would  know 
No  mean  iji  thtne.  could  this  be  trueu 

Harpt  IMy  bend 
Answer  the  forfeit. 

Sap.  Of  ijid  victory 
There  was  some  runigur  \  but  it  was  asfoi^d* 


•  Snp.  Kffp  the  port*  cfnttt,]    Thl»  wurd.  wliUh   \i  »ii 
n^rit)  IrMiii    Hic    Unliu,  La  »o  rnMtuiully  hmkI   hy   \i 
m\*\  \.l\v  wdtt'i*  ipf  h\n  limf.  {ov  the  ^atn:  qf  ti  Um  . 
n[t^K*i*  Biipi-rfltiuui  la  product^  uiy  L&jiniiklr«  Mf  ti.    j 
uutU'L-d  itouiY  U  iiuflictcnL 

»  Kit^M  Uckv^  Ing  hi/  him  ffiftf^jthtml  cfiatiof  ,]  Rnnninf 
by  vhe  >idv  of  It  titer  luekita,  ur  iwiboyt.  So  In  Mariia«i'a 
Antmio  umi  Mrltida : 

**  Oil  t|i«l  our  power 
C'oidd  tat'kfy  or  hrcp  p^cr  frith  our  degbvf*' 

t  So  Wt'tt  httth  Jlr9ii'd,  &c.]  MftftslLiigir  w«>  .i  i^rirat  rratfrr 
jihI  AihuiitM  ul  Shoilttfirart' :  he  h«<i  bvre  but  ualy  ad«|^i|«d 
bi»  K'Uliinttit,  tMit  l!ii^  wonlii . 

*' <  •'  John,  full  bravdy  haft  llKHi/isA*tf 

^rttni" 

But  SImVpn  ^•  17  unc't  liend,  ur,  ■(  least,  In  tftwry 

%H%v'%  hau't  ,    .111.1    I    ^JiL>iilil   ihtrivfuie   Ik    coAfUDlly  niilicl- 
|>'it«d.  In  inch  ffirmrkt  /!»  tlif^ie. 

I  ntll    takr    thij  up|,Klitillill>'   to  U] 
trriti  il.cr  tlie  p»je  with    \ 

M.i'  imiififiary  ton  1  re, 

whi.  IV  be  pj&id   lo  grcnl      1 

Willi    H'^ri  t    t   >    lllOKT  of  4    SetOlMl    Of    tl^ij'l 

^'liiil  wotM.'  Ui«ti   lancrftiHMM    tu    \i^Mni   theiii 
iricmblv  m>rkA  of  «n  drtcrlpiionfl,  Cot  ilic    !•■    , 
vciinK  v( lance  eviry  cuuunoii  (r|»ithrt,  ur  uivtdl  cx|iri 
u«*  ijkcii. 


.  that  !t  j*  lior 


my  ia- 


Scene  I.] 


THE  VIRGIN  MARTYR. 


I 


The  armj  passed  a  full  day's  joumej  bigber, 

Into  the  country. 

Harp.  It  was  so  detennined  ; 
!  But,  for  tbe  further  honour  of  your  son, 
I  And  to  observe  the  goyemment  of  the  city, 
'  And  with  what  rigour,  or  remiss  indulsrence, 

The  Christians  are  pursued,  he  makes  bis  stay  here : 
I  [^TrumpeU, 

For  proof,  bis  trumpets  speak  bis  near  arrival. 
I       Sap.  Haste,  good  Sempronius,  draw  up  our  guards, 

And  with  all  ceremonious  pomp  receive 

Tbe  conquering  army.     Let  our  garrison  speak 
j  Their  w^come  in  loud  shouts,  tbe  city  shew 

Her  state  and  wealth. 

Semp.  I'm  gone.  [^Exit. 

I      Sap.  O,  I  am  ravisb'd 

I  With  this  great  honour  !  cherish,  good  Tbeophilus, 
.  Hiis  knowing  scholar  ;  send  [for  J  your  fiur  daugh> 
I  I  will  present  them  to  the  emperor,  [ters*; 

And  in  their  sweet  conversion,  as  a  mirror, 
I  Express  your  xeal  and  duty. 
I       Theaph,  Fetcb  them,  good  Harpax. 
I  [Exit  Harpax, 

A  guard  brought  in  by  Semproniui,  ioldiert  leading 
in  three  kingi  bound  ;  Antoninus  and  Macrinvs 
■  carrying  the  Emperor's  eaglet ;  Dioclesian  tcith 

I  a  gilt  laurel  on  hit  head,  leading  in  Art£3iia  : 

I  Saprhius  kittet  the  Emperor's  hand,  then  em- 

I  bracet  hit  Son ;  Harpax  bringt  in  Causta  and 

Christsta.    Loud  thoutt, 

Diocle.  So  :  at  all  parts  I  find  Cxsarea 
I  Completely  govem'd ;  the  licentious  soldier  f 

Confined  m  modest  limits,  and  the  people 
i  Taught  to  obey,  and,  not  compell'd  with  rigour  : 
I  Tbe  ancient  Iloman  discipline  revived,  [her 

!  Which  raised  Rome  to  her  greatness,  and  proclami'd 
.  The  glorious  mistress  of  tbe  conquer'd  world  ; 
t  But,  above  all,  the  service  of  the  gods 
I  So  xealously  observed,  that,  good  Sapridus, 

In  words  to  thank  you  for  your  care  and  duty. 

Were  much  unworthy  Dioclesian's  honour, 
I  Or  bis  magnificence  to  his  loyal  servants. — 

But  I  shall  find  a  time  with  noble  titles 
I  To  recompense  your  merits. 
Sap,  Mightiest  Caesar, 

X  Whose  power  upon  this  globe  of  earth  is  equal 
:  To  Jove's  in  heaven  ;  whose  victorious  triumphs 
I  On  proud  rebellious  kings  that  stir  against  it, 

Are  perfect  figures  of  his  immortal  trophies 

W'on  in  tbe  Giants'  war ;  whose  conquering  sword, 
i  Guided  by  his  strong  arm,  as  deadly  kills 
i  As  did  h^  thunder  !  all  that  1  have  done, 
I  Or,  if  my  strength  were  centupled,  could  do, 

Comes  short  of  what  my  loyalty  must  challenge. 


•  eend  [for]  ifour  fair  daughtert ;]    All  the  copies 

read,— •Old  pom- fair  dauyhiert  ;for,  which  I  have  inseiied 
9eeoi»  nccesMry  ^*>  complete  the  sense  as  well  as  the  metre  ; 
M  Harpax  is  immediately  dispatched  to  bring  them. 

t the  licentious  soldier]    Mr.  M.  Mason  reads  tol- 

diert^  tbe  old  and  true  lection  is  soldier.  The  stage  direction 
in  this  place  is  very  strangely  given  by  the  former  editors. 
I  may  here  obaerve,  that  I  do  not  mean  to  notice  every 
slight  correctioo  :  already  several  errors  have  been  silently 
rcf«Hrined  by  tbe  assistance  of  the  first  qaarto :  witlioot 
reckooiag  the  removal  of  snch  barbaroas  conUractioui  as 
cQBq'ring,  ad'mant,  ranc'rovs,  ign'rance,  rhet'ilck,  &e.  with 
wbicb  the  modem  editions  are  everywhere  deformed  with- 
oat  aatbority  or  reason. 

t  tVhoee  power,  Ac]    A  U^nslatioo  of  tbe  well-known 
line: 

DMeum  imperium  cum  Jove  Ctetar  habet. 


But,  if  in  any  thinff  I  have  deserved 

Great  Ciesar  s  smile,  'tis  in  mv  humble  care 

Still  to  preserve  tbe  honour  of  those  gods. 

That  make  him  what  be  is  :  my  seal  to  them, 

I  ever  have  express'd  in  my  feu  bate 

Against  the  Christian  sect  that,  with  one  blow, 

(Ascribing  all  tbingp»  to  an  unknown  jMwer,) 

Wotdd  strike  down  all  their  temples,  and  allows 

Nor  sacrifice  nor  altars.  [them* 

Diocle.  Thou,  in  this, 
Walk'st  hand  in  hand  with  me :  my  will  and  power 
Shall  not  alone  confirm,  but  honour  all 
That  are  in  this  most  forward. 

Sap,  Sacred  Caesar, 
If  your  imjierial  majesty  stand  pleased 
To  shower  your  favotirs  upon  such  as  are 
The  boldest  champions  of  our  religion  ; 
Look  on  this  reverend  man,  to  whom  the  power 
Of  searching  out,  and  punishing  such  dehnquents. 
Was  by  your  choice  committed ;  and,  for  proof, 
He  bath  deserved  tbe  grace  imposed  upon  him. 
And  with  a  fair  and  even  band  proceeued. 
Partial  to  none,  not  to  himself;  or  those 
Of  equal  nearness  to  himself;  behold 
fThis  pair  of  virg^s. 

Diocle,  What  are  these  ? 

Sap,  His  daughters.  [ones, 

Artem,  Now  by  your  sacred  fortune,  they  are  lair 
Exceeding  fair  ones :  would  'twere  in  my  power 
To  make  them  mine ! 

Theaph,  They  are  the  ^ods',  great  lady, 
They  were  most  happy  m  your  service  else : 
On  these,  when  they  fell  from  tlieir  father's  futtb, 
I  used  a  judge's  power,  entreaties  failing 
(Tbev  being  seduced)  to  win  tliem  to  adore 
The  holy  powers  we  worAbip  ;  I  put  on 
The  scarlet  robe  of  bold  authority. 
And  as  they  had  been  strangers  to  my  blood, 
Presented  them,  in  the  most  horrid  torm, 
All  kind  of  tortures  :  part  of  which  they  suffered 
With  Roman  constancy. 

Artem.  And  could  you  endure. 
Being  a  father,  to  behold  their  limbs 
Extended  on  the  rack  ? 

Theoph,  I  did  ;  but  must 
Confess  there  was  a  strange  contention  in  me. 
Between  the  impartial  office  of  a  judge. 
And  pity  of  a  father  ;  to  help  justice 
Religion  stept  in,  under  which  odds 
Compassion  fell : — yet  still  1  was  a  father ; 
For  e'en  then,  when  the  flinty  hangman's  whips 
Were  worn  with  stripes  spent  on  their  tender  limbs, 
I  kneel'd  and  wept,  and  begged  them,  though  they 
Be  cruel  to  themselves  they  would  take  pity  [would 
On  my  grey  hairs  :  now  note  a  sudden  change, 
Whicn  I  with  joy  remember ;  tliose  whom  torture, 
Nor  fear  of  death  could  terrify,  were  overcome 
By  seeing  of  my  sufferings ;  and  so  won, 
Returning  to  the  faitli  that  they  were  born  in, 
I  gave  them  to  tlie  gods  :  and  be  assured, 
I  that  used  justice  with  a  rigorous  baud, 
Upon  such  beauteous  virgins,  and  mine  own, 
Will  use  no  favour,  where  the  cause  commands  nie. 


•  and  allows  them 

Nor  sacrifice,  nor  allars.]    The  intKlein  editors  have, 

and  allow  iheui 

No  sacrifice  nor  altars  : 
which  is  the  cornipt  reading  of  the  quarto,  1061. 

i  This  pair  qf  virt/ins.]    Clian(((>d,  1   know  not  uliy,  by 
the  mwleni  etlitors,  into — These  pair  of  virgins. 


THE  VIRGIN  MARTVR, 


[An  I. 


To  iny  other  ;  but,  aa  rooka,  he  dent 
To  all  flntreiitiei& 

Diocte,  Tbou  de*orF'at  tliy  [ilacu  ; 
Still  holdit,  and  with  houour.     Thijiga  ilius  order*d 
Toucbing  the  gods;  *di.H  lawful  to  de^cenrl 
To  liumQn  can»fl,  and  exerciw  tlmt  i>owpr 
Heaven  has  conferred  tipoii  me  ; — wbicb  that  yo»t» 
Rebels  and  traitors  lo  tliti  ptJWiT  of  Roims 
Should  not  with  all  extreaiili(5S  utiderfjo. 
What  can  you  urge  to  qualify  your  crimes, 
Or  mitigBt«  tuy  angpr  ? 

•A',  rf  Epirt,  Wi*  are  now 
Slaves  to  thy  jiower,  ihit  yacterday  icerc  Hngs, 
And  had  commaod  o'er  others ;  we  confess 
Our  gnmdsiri?*  paid  voura  tribute,  yet  left  us, 
Ab  tlioir  forefathers  fiad,  desire  of  freedom, 
Aijd»  if  you  Romans  bold  it  glorious  honour 
Not  ouly  to  dt'fii*nd  wbnt  ia  your  own. 
But  to  enlurpe  your  empire,  (though  our  fortune 
Daniisa  that  happiness,)  who  can  accuse 
Tlie  fiimish'd  mouth  if  it  attempt  to  feed  T 
Or  «urb,  whose  fatten  eat  into  their  freedomai 
If  they  di»sir©  to  aliake  them  off? 

K,  of  Pgntut,  We  stand 
The  last  exaniplea^  to  prove  how  uncertain 
All  human  liappineas  is ;  and  are  preparttd 
To  endure  the  worst. 

A".  <f  Macedm.   That  spokft,  which  now  is  highest 
In  fortune's  wheel,  must  wht*n  she  tuTn»  k  nv%u 
Decline  as  low  as  we  are,    Tim  con.sider'd, 
Taught  the  .-Ecfyptiiin  Hercules,  SJesoslns, 
Thot  bud  his  chariot  drawn  by  cuptivtj  ktnga. 
To  free  them  from  that  slavery  ; — but  to  hope 
Such  mercy  from  a  Roman,  where  mere  madnefts  : 
We  are  familiar  with  what  cruelty 
Rome,  since  her  infant  greatness,  ever  uaod 
Such  as  she  triumphed  over  ;  age  nor  sex 
Exempted  from  her  tyranny  :  acepter'd  princes 
Kept  in  her  common  dungeons,  and  their  children, 
In  acorn  trained  up  in  base  mechanic  arts, 
for  public  bondmen.     In  the  catalogue 
Of  those  unfortunate  men,  wo  expect  to  have 
Our  names  reraember'd. 

Dkx-te,  In  all  growing  empires, 
Even  cruelty  is  useful  ;  some  Tiiust  suffer, 
And  be  set  up  exompli^s  to  frtrikn  terror 
In  others,  though  far  oft" :  but  when  a  state 
Is  raised  to  lun  fwrfection  ^  and  her  bases 
Too  firm  to  dhritik,  or  yield,  we  may  use  mercy « 
Ami  do't  widi  safely  :t  but  to  whom  ?  not  cowards, 
Or  such  whose  baaeaesa  alianiea  tlie  con(]ueror, 

•  K.  of  E|>in\  Jf>  atir  mm 
Steve*  to  iky  powvT^  tct*]  1  have  obfcrvtd  wveral  Imi- 
liduiif  ur  MttMUiffcr  in  (hi* tlratiiAx  ot  Mawm:  Ibcre  ti,  fur 
ImUncc,  «  ftrikin^  »i»att;irily  bi'lttixf  ii  thin  (ipirittW  apt^eclt^ 
And  tti«  it»(tt^»«itt  vxcbntaiiiiti  of  tbe  brmv«  but  iiurii^rlii- 
nate  Caract^cua : 

— "  SoUlitT,  I  h^d  amift, 

Had  iiiMuhfue  *i«cili»  ii»  whir)  my  Iron  car», 
Hm\  M-f>»lilu  itointnU>na:  \\m\.  iluoii  wondrr,  Ruamn, 
]  rmii^hl  til  save  thv\\\  1     What  il  C«e4iir  aim* 
Ti>  h'nl  ic  iinlvi  rMl  o'er  the  rn'orlU, 
Sliull  ihr  wurhl  inuwly  crtioch  to  r  i        '  h>|  f* 

i  And  Hat  u^ith  Miifrtf/ ,]    ThUhatUy  ^'4; 

the  maxim  liowrvi-r,  tbiMii^tt  jtirt,  U  uf  tl  vupks 

aatiirt;,  fur  wbat  muytUUm*' rhief  will  i-vi  i  u  to 

Iw   *'  ralwpO  (h    Ikt   ptrfccllMn/'  vr  iUji<  i  "Miic 

*•  mercy  wiili  imfvlj"  U  nrrivc*t  f  ev«o  |ii  i'  lii» 

■xcrutrunt,— atrotie  one*  UhiI  (mf  Uume  w;k-  old  njinKli  it» 
bU  tim«.  Thc/r  u  &u  iliiuloii  to  Viri^ll,  iti  ihe  opening  uf 
thii  ipi'«ch : 

/Ti^  rlmra^  ft  mnitaa  rnmi  m*  tatkt  ^nnmt 


And  robs  him  of  his  victoiy,  as  weak  PerMfus 

Did  great  /Kmilius  *   Know»  therefore,  kings 

Of  Kpire*  Fonfus,  and  of  M»cedo&« 

That  I  with  courte«iy  can  use  m?  priaoDers, 

As  well  as  mnke  tht'm  mine  by  fcwtse,  profided 

Tlwt  they  are  noble  enemit*s:  such  I  found  ynn, 

lic^fon^  I  made  you  miim  ;  and,  since  you  weri"  ao, 

You  hiive  not  lost  the  courages  of  prtnrfts 

Although  the  fortune.     Had  yuu  bum  ytjrursi«lvf« 

Dejectedly,  and  base,  no  slavery 

Had  been  too  easy  for  you  :  but  such  i* 

The  power  of  noble  valour,  that  we  love  it 

Even  in  otir  enemies,  and  tiiken  with  it, 

Desire  to  make  them  friends,  as  1  will  you. 

K.  tf  Epire,  ISf  ock  us  not,  Caesar. 

DiocU.  By  the  gods.  1  do  not^ 
IJnloa«»e  their  bonds ;  —I  now  as  frienda  emlMVOft  joa  * 
Give  them  their  crowns  again. 

A\  of  Ponttis.  We  are  twice  o'eroome; 
By  courage  and  by  courtejiy, 

A',  (if  Macedim,  Rut  tliis  latter, 
•Shall  teach  us  to  live  ever  failJiful  vassalA 
To  Dioclesian,  and  tlie  power  of  Rome. 

K.  tvf'  Epirt,  All  kingdoms  £all  before  her  1 

A.  ^  F&ut^a.  And  all  kings 
Contend  to  honour  Caesar  ! 

Dioch.  I  believe 
Your  tongue!}  are  the  true  trumpets  of  your  hB«ita» 
Ami  in  it  1  most  happy.     Queen  of  fote, 
Imperious  fortune  !  mix  some  light  diaoster 
With  my  so  many  joys,  to  sea-wn  them. 
And  give  tiiem  8weet**r  r*»UHh :   I'm  girt  round 
Wilh  true  felicity^  ;  faithful  subjects  here. 
Her**  bold  commanders,  here  with  new-made  frieadii 
But,  what*a  ihw  crown  of  idl,  in  thee,  Artemia, 
My  only  child,  whose  love  to  me  and  duty, 
Strive  to  exceed  each  other  ! 

Artem^   I  mnke  puymt*nt 
But  of  a  debt,  whuh  I  stnud  bound  to  tender 
As  a  daughter  and  a  subject, 

Dii^U,  Which  recjuires  yet 
A  retribution  from  mi\  Artemia, 
Tied  by  a  father's  care,  bow  to  bestow 
A  jewel*  of  all  things  to  me  most  precious: 
Nor  will  I  therefore  longer  keep  thoe  from 
Tht}  chief  joys  of  crc^iuon,  marriage  riten ;  [of, 

VVhtf^h  that  tbou  moy'st  wilh  greater  pleusure^  I9«ti*> 
Thou  shall  not  like  with  mine  eyes,  but  tiiine  own. 
Among  these  kings,  forgetting  they  were  captives 
Or  those,  remembering  not  they  are  my  subjects, 
Make  choice  of  any  ;  by  Jove'a  dreadful  thunder, 
My  will  shall  rank  with  thine. 

Artem,  It  ia  a  bounty 
The  ditughters  of  great  princes  seldom  meet  with  ; 
For  tliey,  to  make  up  brt^icbes  in  the  state. 
Or  for  8om«  otlier  public  ends,  are  fmrced 
To  match  where  tli«y  aftecL  nout     May  my  life 
Deserve  thiii  favour  1 

Diotie,  Speak  ;  1  long  to  know 
The  man  thou  wilt  make  happy. 


-  €U  weak  Frrmna 


Did  ffrrat  .t^miliHa.]  Il  U  mid  ibdt  Prtnotui  wnt  tPil««lrv 
F«Mhi*  .^niiliui  uot  to  exhlbli  him  u  it  npcctarle  lo  thr 
RoitiMhf,  mul  to  »\^arc  hAm  ths^  iuMttiUy  "i  t>i>|n(  Ini  in 
liiinri])h.  /HiniliuK  rrpllcU  cuklly  ;  7'4r/t»»<»*fr  f»  ttrntg  qf 
mf  w  (n  hU  own  jHfWff  ;  he  can  ffrocurt  il  ftfr  kimmif, 

^  7V»  match  where  tkep  afitd  nM.\  Tlii»  d«M  Iketltr  Ibr 
niixlcrn  than  Kutitrtti  pnicllce ;  «nd  iwlvvd  (He  ««lli«r  was 
tlihikioic  inure  of  Uimkt  ilian  Dloclc»UAp  lu  Uili  part  «iC 
(III'  dinlogne. 


I.] 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYR. 


1.  If  that  titles, 

adored  name  of  Queen  could  take  me, 

oold  I  fix  mine  eyes,  and  look  no  further  : 

•ee  are  baits  to  take  a  mean-bom  lady, 

r,  that  boldly  may  call  Cesar  fiuher; 

I  can  bring  lumour  unto  any, 

m  no  king  that  lires  reeeire  addition : 

B  desert  and  rirtne  by  my  fortune, 

i  in  a  low  estate,  were  greater  glory 

>  mix  greatness  with  a  prince  that  owes* 

tfa  but  that  name  only. 

!0»  I  commend  thee, 

Bvmelt 

••  If  tiien,  of  men  beneath  me, 

liot  li  to  be  made,  where  shall  I  seek, 

ong  those  that  best  deserve  from  you  ? 

re  Mrrsd  yon  most  fidthfully ;  that  in  dangers 

»od  next  to  y6u  ;  that  hare  interposed 

reasto  ••  shields  of  proof,  to  duU  the  swordsf 

It  your  bosom ;  that  hare  spent  their  blood 

vn  your  brows  with  laurel  ? 

.  CytbtfM, 

{ueen  at  Lore,  be  now  propitious  to  me ! 

\  (to  Ss|k}  Now  mark  what  I  foretold. 

u    Hef  eyie  s  on  me* 

nus'  SOU)  ^JiKW  forth  a  leaden  dart,  X 

lat  she  m^  hate  me,  transfix  her  with  it ; 

lou  needs  wilt  use  a  golden  one, 

:in  the  behalf  of  any  other : 

noVst  I  am  ^y  Yo^iy  elsewhere.       [Atide. 

9.((oiln(oft.)  Sir. 

>h.  How  he  Mushes! 

Welcome,  ibol,  thy  fortune. 

ke  a  block  when  such  an  angel  courts  thee ! 

u    I  am  no  object  to  dirert  your  eye 

le  beholding. 

I.  Rather  a  bright  sun, 

rrious  for  him  to  gaie  upon, 

ok  not  first  flight  from  the  eagle's  aeiie. 

3k  on  the  templei,  or  the  gods, 

th  that  reverence,  lady,  I  behold  you, 

all  do  ever. 

3.    And  it  win  become  jrou, 

Jius  we  stand  at  distance ;  but,  if  love, 

}m  out  of  the  assurance  of  your  virtues, 

ne  to  stoop  so  low    ' '  ■ 

1.    O,  ratner  take 

)r  flight. 

«.    Why,  fear  you  to  be  nised  ? 

ut  off  the  dreadful  awe  that  waits 

esty,  or  with  you  share  my  beams, 

ake  you  to  outshine  me ;  change  the  name 

ject  mto  Lord,  rob  you  of  service 

iue  from  you  to  me,  and  in  me  make  it 

)  honour  you,  would  you  ref\uie  me  ? 

t.   Refuse  you,  madam  ^  socha  worm  as  I  am  > 


an  to  mix  greahteu  with  a  prlito§  thai  owes] 
;r  the  fonncr  editon  meet  with  thia  word,  in  the 
pomesB,  they  alter  it  into  owns,  thoogh  It  is  lo  used 
t  every  page  of  oor  old  dramatists. 

to  dull  the  tworda]    So  the  old  copies.    Mr. 

«,  reads,  to  dull  their  tworda  f 
•  VoMuT  mm  draw  forth  a  leaden  dart,]  The  idea 
Table  effect,  to  which  Massincer  has  more  than  one 
U  Arom  Ovid : 

IS  hnic  Veneris ;  Figat  tnns  omnia,  Phoebe, 
oens  areas,  ait ;— Pamassi  constitit  arce, 
e  sagittifera  promsit  dao  tela  pharetra 
rrsorum  opemm :  ftigat  hoc,  facit  illnd  amorem. 
d  facit,  aaratmn  est,  ct  cnspide  fnlget  acata ; 
d  fngat,  obtofom  est,  et  habet  sob  amndine  plambura. 
Met.  lib  1.470. 


Refuse  what  kings  upon  their  knees  would  sue  for ! 

Call  it,  neat  lady,  by  another  name ; 

An  humble  modesty,  that  would  not  match 

A  molehill  with  Olympus. 

Artem,  He  that's  famous 
For  honourable  actions  in  the  war. 
As  you  axe,  Antoninus,  a  proved  soldier, 
Is  fellow  to  a  king. 

Anton,  If  you  love  valour, 
As  'tis  a  kingly  virtue,  seek  it  out, 
And  cherish  it  in  a  king  :  there  it  shines  brightest, 
And  fields  the  bravest  lustre.    Look  on  Epire, 
A  prmce,  in  whom  it  is  incorporate ; 
And  let  it  not  disgrace  him  that  he  was 
O'ercome  by  Cssar ;  it  was  victonr, 
To  stand  so  long  against  him :  hadfyou  seen  him, 
How  in  one  bloody  scene  he  did  discharge 
The  parts  of  a  commander  and  a  soldier. 
Wise  in  direction,  bold  in  execution ; 
You  would  have  said,  Great  Caesar's  self  excepted, 
The  world  yields  not  his  equaL 

Artem,  Yet  I  have  heard. 
Encountering  him  alone  in  the  head  of  liis  troop, 
You  took  him  prisoner. 

K,  of  Epirt,  Tis  a  truth,  great  princess ; 
111  not  detract  from  valour. 

AnUm,  'Twas  mere  fortune ; 
Courage  had  no  hand  in  it 

Theaph.  Did  ever  man 
Strive  so  against  his  own  good  ? 

Sap.  Spiritless  villain ! 
How  I  am  tortured !  By  the  immortal  gods, 
I  now  could  kill  him. 

Dioele,  Hold,  Sapritius,  hold, 
On  our  displeasure  hold  ! 

Harp,  Why,  this  would  make 
A  father  mad,  'tis  not  to  be  endured ; 
Your  honour's  tainted  in't 

•Sap.  By  heaven,  it  is  ; 
Ishallthmkofit. 

Harp,  'Tis  not  to  be  forgotten. 

Artem,  Nay,  kneel  not,  sir,  I  am  no  ravisher. 
Nor  so  far  gone  in  fond  affection  to  you, 
But  that  I  can  retire,  my  honour  safe  : — 
Yet  say,  hereafter,  that  thou  hast  neglected 
What,  but  seen  in  possession  of  another, 
Will  make  thee  mad  with  envy. 

Anion,  In  her  looks 
Revenge  is  written. 

Mac,  As  you  love  your  life. 
Study  to  appease  her. 

Anton,  Gracious  madam,  hear  me. 

Artem,  And  be  again  refused  1 

AnUm,  The  tender  of 
My  life,  my  service,  or,  since  you  vouchsafe  it,* 
My  love,  my  heart,  my  all :  and  pardon  me, 
Pardon,  drrad  princess,  that  I  made  some  scruple 
To  leave  a  valley  of  security. 
To  mount  up  to  the  hill  of  majesty. 
On  which,  the  nearer  Jove,  the  nearer  lightning. 
What  knew  I,  but  your  grace  made  trial  of  me ; 
Durst  I  presume  to  embrace,  where  but  to  touch 
With  an  unmanner'd  hand,  was  death  1    The  fox, 
When  he  saw  first  the  forest's  king,  the  lion, 


*  My  life,  my  eervice,  or,  tince  you  voueheitfe  it. 
My  love,  &c.]  This  to  the  reading  of  the  flrrt  edition, 
and  u  evidently  right.    Coxeter  fi^ows  the  second  and  third, 
which  read  not  instead  of  or.    How  did  thto  nonsense  escape 
Mr.  M.Mason  t 


8 


THE  VmOIN.MARTYR. 


[Art  II 


W»w  «1tiio91  [1*  ad  wirh  f(par  ;•  ilio  socond  view 
Only  n  little  rlauntfHl  him,  tJie  tliint, 
H<»  ilurut  Bttlute  liitn  boldly  ;  piijy  vou,  upply  tliis; 
Ant]  you  i^hnll  find  ai  little  time  will  teach  tn« 
To  look  with  mnrd  fnmiliar  oyea  tiiwii  you* 
Thitii  duty  yet  allows  me, 

.SitjK  Wflll  fjccuaed. 

A r tern,  Vou  may  rvdei^m  »11  yvU 

Ditfrte,  And,  ihiit  be  may 
Hati^  m<fm^  imd  opporttinity  tn  do  fto, 
ArtrnniA,  I  \cQVe  you  my  substitute 
la  fair  Capsureii, 

Sup,  And  hefi*»  aa  yourself, 
We  w  ill  oIm'V  and  86IT6  her. 

Diacle.  Antoninus, 
So  yoti  prove  hei^,  I  wish  no  oIIm?t  heir  ; 
Tbinit  on't : — b«?  careful  of  your  c*l«ir^e»  Tlieophillis , 
SiipritiuA,  be  you  my  daughter's  ^fmiinri. 
Vour  comfrany  1  wish,  confotienilp  princus, 
la  our  Dalmatian  wara,  whit'h  fmi.slied 
With  victory  1  hope,  and  IMaximiuus, 
Ouj  brother  and  copartner  in  tlie  empire. 
At  my  requect  won  to  conltrm  lu  much, 
Tbf«  kinraomii  I  took  from  you  well  restore, 
Aod  malce  tou  greater  than  you  werv»  before. 

[Exeutil  11//  hut  AntLminui  and  Mdmnm. 

Anton.  Ob,  1  am  lost  for  ever?  lost,  31acrinu«  ! 
The  anchor  of  the  wretched,  hope,  forsake*  me, 
And  with  one  blast  of  fortune  all  my  light 
Of  happiness  is  put  out. 

Mac  You  are  like  to  thoa« 
That  are  ill  only,  'cause  they  are  too  well  ; 
That,  surfeit! ngr  io  the  exceas  of  blessings. 
Call  their  «bundmice  want.     What  could  you  wiah^ 
That  ia  not  fuU'n  upon  you  1  honour,  g:TVumt>»s, 
Hesjpect,  wealth ^  favour,  the  whole  world  for  a  dower  ; 
And  with  a  prtucess,  whose  exoeUiDg  form 
Exceeds  her  fortune, 

AiU<m.  Yet  poison  still  ia  poison. 
Though  dmnk  in  gold  ;  and  all  these  Mattering  glories 
To  roe,  reedy  to  starve,  a  minted  banquet, 
And  no  essential  food.     When  I  am  scorch *d 
"With  fire,  cnii  ftomea  in  any  other  quench  me? 
What  h  her  love  to  rae,  greBtneaa,  or  empire, 
TTjat  am  slave  to  another,  who  ulone 
Can  j^ive  me  ease  or  fi-eedom  1 

M(u\  8ir,  you  point  at 
Your  dotage  on  the  scorn  ftit  Dorolheo  : 


In  she,  tliough  fairj  the  same  day  to  be  tuuned 

With  best  Artemia  ?  In  all  their  courseis. 

Wise  men  propose  their  ends  :  with  6w«et  Artemk 

Th*^rp  come»  obng  pleasure*  security, 

l^shrVd  by  nil  that  in  this  life  is  jtn^iotis  : 

W  itlj  Dorothea  (though  her  birth  be  noble. 

The  dau|^hti!r  of  a  senator  of  Rome, 

By  him  left  rich,  yet  with  a  private  wealth, 

And  Itar  infi>nor  to  yours)  arrivea 

The  emperor^s  frown,  which,  like  a  mortal  plague, 

Speiik6  death  is  near  ;  the  princess*  heavy  scorn. 

Under  which  you  will  shrink  ;t  your  Cotber's  fun. 

Which  to  resist,  even  piety  forbids  : — 

And  but  remctuber  that  she  stands  suspected 

A  favourer  of  the  Christijui  sect ;  she  hriii^ 

Not  danger^  ^ut  tiSHure<d  destruction  with  her. 

This  truly  weigh 'd  one  smile  of  great  Artamift 

la  fo  ho  cherish'd*  and  preferr'd  before 

All  joys  in  Dorothea :  therefore  leave  her,  [thou  art, 

Aniivu  In  what  tlion  think'st  thou  ait  moat  wise. 
Grossly  abused,  Macrinus,  and  most  foolish. 
For  any  man  to  match  obove  his  rank, 
la  hul  to  sell  his  liherty.     With  Artemia 
I  Htill  must  live  a  servant  ;  hat  enjoying 
Dirinest  Dorothea,  I  shall  rule, 
Rule  aa  becomea  a  huaband :  for  the  datiger. 
Or  call  itt  if  you  will,  atsurfti  dntruttieny 
I  slij^ht  it  tlitis. —  If,  tlnen,  tbuu  art  my  friend. 
As  I  dare  swear  thou  art,  and  wilt  not  take 
A  BtJVemor's  place  upon  thee,;  be  mv  helper. 

Mac»  You  know  I  dure,  and  will  do  aity  iLixig  i 
Put  me  unto  the  test. 

.4m (oil.  Go  then,  Macnnas, 
To  Dorotliea  j  tell  her  I  have  worn. 
In  all  the  battles  I  have  fought,  hnr  figune. 
Her  figure  in  my  heart,  which,  like  a  deity, 
Hatfi  stilt  proteoteil  me.     Thou  con'st  sp^tk  well. 
And  of  thy  choicest  language  spore  a  little. 
To  make  her  understand  how  much  1  love  her. 
And  how  I  languish  for  her.    Bear  these  jewels. 
Sent  in  the  way  of  sacrifice,  not  serrioe, 
A 9  to  my  goddess  :  aU  let:^^  thrown  behind  me. 
Or  f(^ra  that  may  deter  me,  say,  this  morning 
I  mean  to  visit  her  b)"^  the  name  of  EHendship  ; 
—No  words  to  contradict  this. 

Mac*  I  am  yours  ; 
And,  if  my  travail  tliia  wny  Ije  ill  spent. 
Judge  not  my  readier  will  by  the  event.       [ 


4 


ACT  IL 


SCENE  I.-^^  Ritom  if  J  DoitoTTi£A*s  Hovte. 
Enter  Si'tTNCius,  and  Ihacir&H 
Sptm.  TumChnstkn!  Would  lie  duit  firH  tempted 


•  tf'aa  i^mutt  ikat\  ^ith/gat;]  The  rvftdlag  of  il\e  tnt 
miAilio  In  dradt  wlxld)  iuav  perbaps,  be  tbv  gvnninr  wont. 
Till?  fable  it  from  the  GrvtL  iv  ft  prcccdini^  line  ihci-f  li 
«ii  illnnion  (u  Ihc  pitivcrb  :^Fn»cut  a  ./otnf,  wd  procul  a 

ii'Ui    ihrlnk  ;]     Ho  JiU  thf  nhl   coplc«. 
W'  ,  ilv,  ftitil  riniocfilcalK  n-nJ  : 

(  "  .  ik,  Ac,  (.tmitted  lu  EillL  vt  1813.) 

I  A  tiiiwrnttr* pitum  upmk  IAetf.J  Frvm  fJie  Lslia ;  nc  Hm 
mihi  tuitft, 

♦ Alt  kit  thrmn  biMnd  wwj  L  t.  All  impwU- 

menu.    So  In  llic  .Httgor  nf  Qvin^orvHffh . 


me  to  have  my  shoes  walk  upoti  Christian  soles,  had 
turned  me  into  a  capon ;  for  I  am  sure  now,  the 
stones  of  all  my  pleasure,  in  this  fleshly  ilfv,  wi9 
cut  off. 


"  Mope,  snd  hv  ante  I'll  imm  rrtiiove  lli«  tct 
Tbail  stands  bctwctii  IIk'v  hihI  ijijr  (»lury/' 

li  Very  few  of  our  old  Knii-lisli  plajj  »i\' free  tlmtn  xhf9^ 
di.dogiK.t  <if  loifv  ^U  ami  bntfoonery  :  *ivmt>  tLf  vire  c*f  Um 
Hfr ;  nor  U  Mh^in^v^t  K-s*  fm*  rinm  ll  lh/ii»  liU  i'^rtfrnp**- 
rjirk-*,  TotliftMil  il»piT>  i«  Itnpos^lblr,  nur  ili*U  t  atlviupt 
it.    Tbe>  arc  *.i{  i\\\i>  luc.  ttiat    tlnry   mark  thr  lattv,  dil>plii> 

ibtf  iKinrrtv  \  .Ki  .V  .,.  «>,..(  .,,.   ti,.    .iner  aeii|;bt  aial 

enti  I 

ft  i.ii   lo  am    «kkl 

pla>-,  1  ...i         .  .1= ,:it   cuulAiiiiiiMtc^ 

with  Aucii  ^ioUUv  rib«liiry  m  the  prvwtt>{«     To  "  low  Wit,** 


t 


SCKKK   I.J 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYR. 


Hir.  So  then,  if  any  coxcomb  has  a  galloping  de- 

.  aire  to  ride,  here's  a  gelding,  if  he  can  bat  sit  him. 

'       Spun,  I  kick,  for  all  that,  like  a  horse; — ^look 

i  else. 

i       Hir.  Bat  that  is  a  kickish  jade,  fellow  Spungius. 

I  Hare  not  I  as  mach  cause  to  complain  as  thoa  hast? 

,   When  1  was  a  pasan,  there  was  an  infidel  punk  of 

i  mine,  would  hare  let  me  come  upon  trust  for  my 

I  curetting :  a  pox  on  your  Christian  cockatrices ! 

;  they  cry,  like  poolterers'  wires:— No  money,  no 

'  coney. 

1 1  Spun,  Bacchus,  the  god  of  brew'd  wine  and  sugar, 
1 1  grand  patron  of  rob-pots,  upsy-freesy  tipplers,  and 

I  super-naculum  takers ;  this  Bacchus,  who  is  head 
jl  warden  of  Vintners'-hall,  ale-conner,  mayor  of  all 

I I  rictualling-houses,  the  sole  liquid  benefu^r  to  bawdy 
I'  houses;  kmoeprenule  to  red  noses,  and  invincible 
1 1  adelantado  over  the  armado  of  pimpled,  deep-scarleted , 
1 1  rubified,  and  carbuncled  feces 

|l       Hir.  What  of  aU  this? 

i  Spun,  This  bocm  Bacchanalian  skinker,  did  I  make 
ij  legs  to. 

I '  Hir.  Scurvy  ones,  when  thou  wert  drunk. 
1 1  Sputu  There  is  no  danger  of  losing  a  man's  ears 
I  by  making  these  indentures ;  he  that  will  not  now 
1 1  and  then  be  Calabingo,  is  worse  than  a  Calamoothe. 
1 1  When  I  was  a  pagan,  and  kneeled  to  this  Bacchus, 
1 1  I  durst  out-drink  a  lord ;  but  your  Christian  lords 
1 1  out-bowl  me.  I  was  in  hope  to.  lead  a  sober  life, 
1 1  when  I  was  converted ;  but,  now  amongst  the  Chris- 
tians, I  can  no  sooner  stagger  out  of  one  alehouse, 
but  I  reel  into  another :  Uiey  have  whole  streets  of 
nothing  but  drinking-rooms,  and  drabbin;j^-cham- 
bers,  jumbled  together. 

Hir.  Bawdy  Piiapus,  the  first  schoolmaster  chat 
taught  butchers  to  stick  pricks  in  flesh,  and  make  it 
swell,  thou  know'st,  was  the  only  ningle  that  I  cared 
for  under  the  moon ;  but,  since  I  left  him  to  follow 
a  scurvy  ladv,  what  with  her  praying  and  our  fast- 
ing, if  now  1  come  to  a  wench,  and  offer  to  use  her 
any  thing  hardly  (telling  her,  being  a  Christian,  she 
must  endure),  die  presently  handles  me  as  if  I  were 
a  clove,  and  cleaves  me  with  disdain,  as  if  I  were  a 
calfs  head. 

Spun,  I  see  no  remedy,  fellow  Hircius,  but  that 
thou  and  I  must  be  half  pagans,  and  half  Christians ; 
for  we  know  verv  fools  Uiat  are  Christians. 

Hir.  Right :  the  quarters  of  Christians  are  good 
for  nothing  but  to  feed  crows. 

Spun.  True  :  Christian  brokers,  thou  know'st,  are 
1 1  made  up  of  the  quarters  of  Christians  ;  par-boil  one 
1 1  of  these  rogues,  and  he  is  not  meat  for  a  dog  :  no, 

I    or  indeed  to  wit  of  any  kind,  it  has  not  the  sligheit  preten- 

,    »ion  ;  beiog,  in  fiict,  nothing  more  than  a  loatluome  sooter- 

I    kin  engendered  of  filth  and  dnlneaa.    (It  was  evidently  the 

i  aathor'a  design  to  personify  Lutt  and  DrunkermetB  in  the 

characters  of  Hircios  and  Spangias,  and  this  may  accoant 

for  Uie  ribaldry  in  which  they  indaige.)    That  Massinger  is 

I  nuc  free  from  dialogues  of  low  wit  "and  bafTooncry  (thoagh 

•  certainly,  notwithalanding  Coseter's  assertion,  he  is  mach 

more  so  than  his  contemporaries)  may  readily  be  granted ; 

bat  the  person  who,  alter  perusing  this  execrable  trash,  can 

'  imagine  ic  to  bear  any  resemblance  to  his  style  and  manner, 

moat  have  read  him  to  very  little  purpose.    It  was  assoredly 

I  written  by  Decker,  as  was  the  rest  of  this  act,  in  which  there 

is  orach  to  apnrove :  with  respect  to  this  scene,  and  every 

P<fc*^  ia  whien  the  present  speakers  are  introduced,  I  recom- 

nicnd  them  to  the  reader's  supreme  scorn  and  contempt ;  if 


supreme  scorn  and  contempt ;, 
entirely  wer,  he  wfO  Jose  little  of  the  story, 
ot  his  i«q>ect  tor  the  author.    I  have  carefully 
_t  text  ta  innimierahle  places,  but  given  it  no 
fsrther  eooalderatioa.    1  repeat  my  entreaty  that  the  readvr 
woarid  reject  k  akofetber. 


he  pass 

ana  a«AfaM(< 

eded&text  ta 


no,  I  am  resolved  to  have  an  infidel's  heart,  though 
in  shew  I  carry  a  Christian's  face. 

Hir,  Thy  last  shall  serve  my  foot :  so  will  I. 
Spun,  Our  whimpering  lady  and  mistress  sent  me 
with  two  gni-eat' baskets  full  of  beef,  mutton,  veal 

and  goose,  fellow  Hircius 

Hir.  And  woodcock,  fellow  Spungius.  I 

Spun.  Upon  the  poor  lean  ass-fellow,  on  which  I 
ride,  to  all  the  almswomen :  what  think'st  thou  I 
have  done  with  all  this  good  cheer  ? 
Hir.  Eat  it ;  or  be  choked  else. 
Spun.  Would  my  ass,  basket  and  all,  were  in  thy 
maw,  if  I  did !  No,  as  I  am  a  demi-pagan,  I  sold  the 
victuals,  and  coined  the  money  into  pottle  pots  of 
wine.  I 

Hir.  Therein  thou  shewed'st  thyself  a  perfect 
demi-christian  too,  to  let  the  poor  beg,  starve,  and 
hang,  or  die  of  the  pip.  O^r  puling,  snotty-nose 
lad^  sent  me  out  likewise  with  a  purse  of  money,  to 
relieve  and  release  prisoners : — Did  I  so,  think  you  ? 
Spun.  Would  thy  ribs  were  turned  into  grates  of 
iron  then. 

i7tr.  As  I  am  a  total  pagan,  I  swore  they  should 
be  hanged  first ;  for,  sirrah  Spungius,  I  lay  at  my 
old  word  of  lechery,  and  cried,  a  pox  on  your  two- 
penny wards !  and  so  I  took  scurvy  common  flesh 
for  the  money. 

Spun.  And  wisely  done ;  for  our  lady,  sending  it 
to  prisoners,  had  bestowed  it  out  upon  lousy  knaves  : 
and  thou,  to  save  that  labour,  ca^t'st  it  away  upon 
rotten  whores. 

Hir.  All  my  fear  is  of  that  pink-an-eye  jack-au- 
apes  boy,  her  page. 

Spun.  As  1  am  a  pagan  from  my  cod-piece  down- 
ward, that  white-faced  monkey  frights  me  too.  I 
stole  but  a  dirty  pudding,  last  day,  out  of  an  alms- 
basket,  to  give  my  dog  when  he  was  hungry,  and  the 
peaking  chitty-face  page  hit  me  in  the  teeth  with  it. 
Hir.  With  the  dirty  pudding  !  so  he  did  me  once 
with  a  cow-turd,  which  in  knavery  I  would  have 
crumb 'd  into  one's  porridge,  who  was  half  a  pagan 
too.  The  smug  dandiprat  smells  us  out,  whatsoever 
we  are  doing. 

Spun.  Does  he  ?  let  him  take  heed  I  prove  not 
his  back-friend :  Til  make  him  curse  his  smelling 
what  I  do. 

Hir.  *Tis  my  lad^  spoils  the  boy  ;  for  he  is  ever 
at  her  tail,  and  she  is  never  well  but  in  his  company. 

Enter  AKOfcLO  with  a  book,  and  a  taper  lighted ;    they 
seeing  him,  counterfeit  devotion, 

Aug.  O !  now  your  hearts  make  ladders  of  your 
eyes. 
In  shew  to  climb  to  heaven,  when  your  devotion 
Walks  upon  crutches.     Where  did  you  waste  your 
When  the  religious  man  was  on  his  knees,      [time, 
Speaking  the  heavenly  language? 

Spun.  Why,  fellow  Angelo,  we  were  speaking  in 
pedlar's  French,  I  hope, 

Hir.  We  have  not  been  idle,  take  it  upon  my  word. 

Ang.  Have  you  the  baskets  emptied,  which  your 
Sent,  from  her  charitable  hands,  to  women  [ladv 
That  dwell  upon  her  pity? 

Spun.  Emptied  them  !  yes ;  I'd  be  loth  to  have 
my  belly  so  empty  ;  yet,  I  am  sure,  I  munched  not 
one  bit  of  them  neither. 

Ang.  And  went  your  money  to  the  prisoners  ? 

Hir.  Went  !  no  ;  I  carried  it,  and  with  these  fin- 
gers paid  it  away. 


Ang,  What  wny  ?  tlie  devir»  wa^,  the  w»j  of  sin, 
Thp  way  of  hot  damnntion,  w«y  of  lust  t 
And  you,  to  wash  away  the  poor  man's  bread 
In  hfiwla  of  dninki»QDM«, 

Spun.  DrunkeniiM*  I  ye«,  yes,  I  uii^  to  be  dnnik ; 
Ottr  TiRxt  neigbbour^ft  moii,  colled  Chrisfopher^  hatli 
ofiea  seen  roe  drunk,  butli  be  not  1 

/ftr.  Or  me  giren  so  to  the  fieab  !  my  cbeeltB 
vp^ik  my  doiDfi^s. 

Ang.  Avjiunt,  ye  tJiiev^es.  and  hollow  bypocriti»a  ! 
Vour  bi'nrt.s  to  me  lie  own  like  black  bookH* 
And  tlii<«r©  I  n>ad  your  aciing«*. 

5/wjfi,  And  what  do  you  r».»«d  in  tny  bwrtt 

ffir.  Or  to  mine  ?  come,  umiable  Augeto,  be«t  the 
flint  of  your  bmins, 

Spvn,  And  let's  see  what  sparkB  of  wit  fly  out  to 
kindb>  your  cerebrum.  [g^iuscnird, 

Att^.  Vour  names  even  brand  you  ;  you  are  Spun- 
And  like  a  spunge,  you  mwk  up  lickerish  wiues, 
Till  your  soul  reela  to  b<?!L 

Spun.  To  hell !  can  any  drunkard's  legs  cany  him 
so  fiir?  food, 

dng.  For  blood  of  grnpei  you  sold  tlie  widows* 
And  starving  them  'tJa  muroer;    what's  this  but 

hull?—. 
Iltrcius  your  name,  and  gontiah  is  your  nature  : 
You  snatch  the  meat  out  of  tlie  prisoner's  mouth, 
To  fatten  harlots  i  is  not  thin  heil  loo  1 
No  mi^el,  but  the  devil,  waits  on  you. 

Spun,  Shall  1  cut  bid  throat  1 

i/j>,  No  ;  better  bum  bim,  for  I  think  be  ia  a 
witch ;  but  sooth,  aootb  him. 

Spun.  Fellow  Angelo.  trtie  it  ia,  that  falling  hito 
tbe  componv  of  wicked  he-christians,  for  my  part — 

liir.  And  sbe-onea^  for  mine,-^we  have  them 
swim  in  shods  bard  by 

Spun,  We  must  confess,  I  took  too  much  out  of 
tbe  pot ;  and  be  of  t'other  hollow  commodity. 

Hir,  Yes,  indeed,  we  laid  Jill  on  both  of  us  :  wo 
cosim'd  tbe  poor ;  but  'tis  a  etimmon  thing  ;  many  a 
one.  that  counts  himself  a  better  Christian  than  we 
twot  has  done  it,  by  this  lif^bt, 

Spuji,  But  pray,  sweet  Angelo,  play  not  ilie  tell- 
tale to  my  lady  ;  and,  if  yon  take  lu  creeping  into 
any  of  these  mouse-holea  of  sin  any  mote,  let  cats 
flay  off  our  skinis. 

Hir,  And  put  nothing  but  the  poison 'd  tails  of  ^ 
rats  into  those  skins. 

Ang.  Will  you  dishonour  her  sweet  charity. 
Who  saved  you  from  the  tree  of  death  nnd  abnrae  ? 

Hir,  Would  I  w^ere  hanged,  i-utlier  tbau  tlius  be 
told  of  my  faults, 

Spun,  8 bo  took  us,  tis  true,  from  tbe  gailows ; 
yet  1  hope  a  he  will  not  bur  yet:>mea  sprats  to  have 
ll>eir  swmg. 

Afis.,  She  comes,  beware  and  mf*nd. 

Hir»  Let's  bleak  hia  neck,  and  bid  him  mend. 

Enter  DoaorrtEA* 

Dar.  Have  yoti  my  me«tag«a.  aetit  to  the  poor, 
Delivered  with  goocfhandsj  not  robbing  tbem 
Of  any  jot  was  tbetrs? 

Sjfitn,  lUih  themi  Indy !  I  hope  neitlier  toy  fellow 
nor  1  am  thieves. 

Hir.  D*diverfd  witli  g^ood  hands,  miubtm  ?  el*e 
let  me  never  lick  my  lingers  more  when  1  (rat  btit- 
terM  fish, 

Dtrr,  Wbo  ebeat  tbe  poor,  and  from  tbem  pluck 
their  alma. 
Pilfer  from  heavpn  ;  and  there  are  thunderbolts 


From  ibence  to  he.it  them  ever*     Do  not  lie. 
Were  you  both  fnithful,  true  distributers? 

Spun,  Lie,  madam  I  what  grivf  ia  it  to  cae  fm 
turn  swncTf^erer,  and  gire  your  poor-minded  nacnllj 
serrunbi  tlie  lie. 

thn  Vm  glud  you  do  not ;  if  tliose  wre^obed  people 
Tell  you  I  hey  pine  for  wont  of  any  tbin«'. 
Whisper  but  to  mine  ear,  and  you  ihall  Ornish  tbem. 

Itir.  Whisper!   nay,  lady,  for  my  patt   111  cry 
wboop. 

Anf^,  Play  no  more,  villaina,  with  ao  good  a  lady ; 
For,  if  you  do 


^/lUM. 


Are  we  Christians? 


II ir.  The  foul  tiend  snap  all  pagnoa  for  mm, 

Ang.  Away,  and,  once  more,  mead. 

Spun.  Takes  ua  for  botchers. 

Hir.  A  patcl},  a  pwitrb  !*  [EUrant  Spun,  and  llir. 

Dor.  IVIy  book  and  taper.f 

Arig.  Here,  most  holy  mistfess. 

Dor.  1  hy  ^^oJce  sends  forth  such  music*  that  I 
Was  nivisJi'd  with  a  more  celestial  sound,       [never 
Wrre  every  servant  in  the  world  like  thee, 
So  full  of  goodnessi  angeU  would  come  down 
To  dwell  with  us  :  thy  name  is  Angelo, 
And  like  that  name  tlioti  art ;  get  thee  to  raalf 
Thy  youtii  with  too  much  watching  is  opprest* 

Ah£,  No,  my  detir  lady,  I  could  weary  stars. 
And  ioroe  the  wakeful  moon  to  lose  her  eyea 
By  my  Inte  watrhing,  hut  to  wait  on  you. 
When  at  your  pntyer*  you  kneel  before  tbe  altir, 
i^letbinks  I'm  singing  with  some  quire  in  heaTent 
8o  blest  I  hold  me  in  your  comimwy  : 
Therefore,  my  most  loved  mistress,  do  not  bid 
Your  boy,  so  serviceable,  to  get  henoe  ; 
For  then  you  break  bis  beorl. 

Dor,  Be  nigh  me  still,  then  ; 
In  goldea  letters  down  I'll  »et  timt  dny. 
Which  gave  thee  fo  me.     Little  ilid  1  bop* 
To  meet  such  worlds  of  comfort  in  thyself^ 
This  little,  pretty  body  ;  when  1,  coming 
Forili  of  the  temple,  heard  my  beggar-boy, 
My  sweet-faced,  eodly  beggar  boy,  crave  an  alma, 
Whic  h  with  glad  bano  I  pavt«,  with  lucky  hand  ?— 
Ami  when  I  took  tJn>o  horop,  my  most  chaste  bcfsom, 
i\fethought,  was  fiU'd  with  no  hot  wanlou  fire, 
But  with  a  holy  Same,  mountiuK;  since  higher, 
On  wtugs  if  cherubins,  than  it  did  before, 

Ang,  Proud  am  t^  that  my  lady's  modest  eye 
So  likes  m  poor  a  servant. 

Dor,  I  have  offer *d 
llaQdfuls  of  gold  but  to  bcihold  thy  parents. 
I  would  leave  kiii}^domi»,  were  I  queen  of  some. 
To  dwell  with  (by  good  fathtT ;  for.  the  son 
llevritching  me  so  deeply  wiUi  bivS  pre&ence. 
He  tliat  begot  bini  must  do*t  ten  limes  more, 
I  pray  thee,  my  sweet  boy,  shew  mo  thy  parvnla  j 
Be  not  ji-sliumpd. 

Aug.  I  am  iiot :  I  did  never 
Know  who  my  mother  was:  but,  by  yon  palaoo 


•  Hir.    I  pfih'hr  a  / 
the  frurd  ii  uvUktilly  > 


,  rani— In  f  bit  1 


.Vm,^ *  I  **.*.  Act    H.  St.  1, 

alllltiiigli  DOW  obnnlctc  LD  Uic  tvu»v:  ticie  tituuik^  It  rrt^jrctHlly 
c*ccnn,  io  tilt!  c.ld  df7im4il»l«.   ED. 

t  Dor,  Afy  hook  and  tuprr.]    Wh  ^  r.ii  ..^.     *..  ri 
Ilir  •eenv,  in  i-\t)ttUtuly  tH-4tititiil.     ^^ 
CKpiibk'  iif  lrl<:rn•1lllu^  niir  tH*M  pas»i'  > 
tbjil  IbU  mIsm)  wi«  wrilleu  l)y  Derki  i  .,    ..  .....    ,,..., 

|eniu»  «im1  liLs  joitg,in«>iii   to   ihr   yrtnimnUttt  oi  mli 
only  «1h|^rnc«  IxloiML'lf,  kad  diiigtiM  hU  iriMtcr- 


i£i 


d^^^ 


mm 


SCINB  II.] 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYR. 


11 


FOrd  with  bright  hearenly  courtiers,  I  dare  assure 
And  Dawn  these  eyes  upon  it,  and  this  hand,     [you, 
My  &ther  is  in  heaven  :  and  pretty  mistress, 
If  your  illustrious  hour-glass  spend  his  sand 
No  worse  than  yet  it  does,  upon  my  life. 
You  and  I  both  shall  meet  my  father  there. 
And  he  shall  bid  you  welcome. 

Dor,  A  blessed  day  ! 
We  all  long  to  be  there,  but  lose  the  way. 

\ExeunU 

SCENE  IL—A  StnH  near  Dorotuba's  Hotije. 
"Enter  Macrinvs,  mst  by  Theopbilus  and  Haepax. 

Theop,  The  Sun,   god  of   the  day,  guide  thee, 

Mac.  And  thee,  Theo^ilus  !  [Macrinus  ! 

Tkeoplu  Clad'st  thou  m  such  scorn*  ? 
I  call  my  wish  biick. 

Mae.  I*m  in  haste. 

Tkuok.  One  word. 
Take  the  least  hand  of  time  up :— stay  : 

Mac.  Be  brief.  [Macrinus, 

Thmffik.  As  thought :    I   prithee    tell    me,  good 
How  health  and  our  fair  princess  lay  together 
This  night,  for  you  can  teU  ;  courtiers  have  fliesf 
That  buis  all  news  uoto  them. 

Mae.  She  slept  but  ill. 

Theopk.  Double  thy  courtesy ;  how  does  Antoninus? 

Mae.  Ill,  well,  straight,  crooked, — I  know  not  how. 

Theopk.  Once  more ; 
—  Thy  head  is  full  of  windnuUs  :~when  doth  the 
Fill  a  bed  full  of  beauty,  and  bestow  it        [princess 
Go  Antomnus,  on  the  wedding-night? 

Mac.  I  know  not. 

Theojph.  No !  thou  art  the  manuscript, 
Where  Antonmns  writes  down  all  his  secrets  : 
Honest  Macrinus,  tell  me. 

Afar.  Fare  you  well,  sir.  [Exit. 

Harp.  Honesty  is  some  fiend,  and  frights  liim 
A  numy  courtiers  love  it  not^.  [hence ; 

Theopk.  What  piece 
Of  this  state-wheel,  i^hich  winds  up  Antoninus, 
Is  broke,  it  miis  so  jarringly  1  the  man 
Ia  from  himself  divided  :  O  thou,  the  eye 
By  which  I  wonders  see,  teD  me,  my  Harpax, 
What  gad-fly  tidkles  this  Macrinus  so. 
That,  flinging  up  the  tail,  he  breaks  thus  from  me. 

Harp.  Oh,  sir,  his  brain-pan  is  a  bed  of  snakes. 
Whose  stings  ahoot  through  his  eye  baUs,  whose 

poisonous  spawn 
Ingenders  such  a  fry  of  speckled  villainies, 
That,  unless  channs  more  strong  than  adamant 
Be  used,  the  Roman  angel's}  wmgs  shall  melt, 

•  Thmpk.  Glad'st  thoa  in  euch  »com  f]  Tbls  is  the  reading 
of  «U  tiie  old  copies,  moA  appeal*  to  l>e  tlie  geDoioe  one. 
Tbeophilos,  who  Is  represented  as  a  furioas  xealut  fur  pa- 
gaiiitm,  is  mortified  at  the  indifference  with  which  Macrinas 
retHma  the  happioeas  he  liad  wished  him  by  his  god.  Mr. 
M.  Maaoo  read«,  Oaddest  thou  in  mch  team  f 

t cowrlifTs  A«w  flies]  This  word  is  nsed   by 

Ben  Jooson,  a  cloae  and  devoted  imiutor  of  the  ancienu, 
for  a  dcmicatic  paraake,  a  familiar,  &c.  and  from  tiim,  pro- 
bably. Decker  adopted  it  in  the  present  sense. 

X  A  wny  eomrtimn  hoe  it  not]  Thu  b  the  reading  of  the 
Arst  quarto.    The  editora  follow  that  of  the  last  two :— Aod 

OMg  Ste.  which  b  not  to  good. 

$  the  Roman  angvl's]  As  angels  were  uo  part 


I   «r  Ibe 
I   Ike  II 


I  angcii 
tbeolonTf  thb  shoald'crrfain/v  be  at^fel  from 
amfelio,  which  means  a  bird.    M.  Mason. 
It  wen  to  be  wiabad  that  critics  would  sometimes  apply 
1vis  iIm  advice  which  GoneriU  gives  to  pooi  old 

'  I  pray  yo«,  father,  being  loniA,  seem  so ;" 


And  Caesar's  diadem  be  from  his  head 

Spum'd  by  base  feet ;  the  kiurel  which  he  wears, 

Returning  victor,  be  enforced  to  kiss. 

That  which  it  hates,  the  fire.    And  cim  this  ram. 

This  Antoninus-engine,  being  made  readj 

To  so  much  mischief,  keep  a  steady  motion  ? — 

His  eyes  and  feet,  you  see,  give  strange  assaults. 

Theoj^.  I'm  tum'd  a  marble  statue  at  thy  language 
Which  printed  is  in  such  crabb'd  characters. 
It  puzzles  all  mj  reading :  what,  in  the  name 
or  Pluto,  now  IS  hatching? 

Harp,  This  Macrinus* 
The  line  is,  u^n  which  love-errands  nm 
'Twixt  Antoninus  and  that  ghost  of  women. 
The  bloodless  Dorothea,  who  in  prayer 
And  meditation,  mocking  all  your  gods. 
Drinks  up  her  ruby  colour  :  yet  Antoninus 
Plays  the  Endymion  to  this  pale-iaced  moon. 
Courts,  seeks  to  catch  her  eyes — 

ITieoph.  And  what  of  this  ? 

Harp.  These  are  but  creeping  billows. 
Not  got  to  shore  yet :  but  if  Dorothea 
Fall  on  his  bosom,  and  be  fired  with  love, 
(Your  coldest  women  do  so,) — had  you  ink 
Brew'd  from  the  infernal  Styx,  not  dl  that  blackness 
Can  make  a  thing  so  foul,  as  the  dishonours, 
Disgraces,  buffetings,  and  most  base  aSronts 
Upon  the  bright  Artemia,  star  o'  th'  court. 
Great  Cassar's  daughter. 

Theopk.  I  now  conster  thee.  [fill'd 

Harp.  Nay,  more ;  a  firmament  of  clouds,  being 
With  Jove's  artillery,  shot  down  at  once. 
To  pasht  your  gods  in  pieces,  cannot  give. 


we  should  not  then  find  so  many  of  these  certainti^.  The 
barbarons  word  augel,  of  which  Mr.  M.  Mason  speaks  so 
confidently,  b  foreign  to  our  language,  whereas  anffelt  in 
the  sense  of  birds,  occurs  frequently.  Jookon  beaulifully 
ealb  the  nightingale,  "the  dear  good  emgel  of  the  spting  ;>' 
and  if  this  should  be  ibouKht,  as  it  probably  b,  a  Grecbm  ; 
yet  we  have  the  same  term  in  another  passage,  which  will 
admit  of  no  dbpnte  : 

**  Not  an  angel  of  the  air 
Bird  melodious,  or  Inrd  Mr,  &c. 

Two  Noble  Kintmen. 

In  Mandcville,  the  barbarous  Herodotus  of  a  barbarous 
age,  there  b  an  account  of  a  people  (probably  the  remaiuk 
of  the  old  Guebrcs)  who  exposed  the  dead  bodies  of  their 
parents  to  ihe/otr^«  qf  the  air.  They  reserved,  however, 
the  sculls,  of  which,  says  he,  the  son,  *'  letethe  make  a  cnppe, 
and  thereof  dr>'nkethe  he  with  gret  devociona.  In  remem- 
braunce  of  the  holy  man  that  the  aungeUs  qf  God  had  eten. 

**  By  tbls  expression,"  says  Mr.  Hole,  •' Mandeville  possi- 
bly meant  to  insinuate  that  they  were  considered  as  sacred 
nteuenger:**  No,  surely :  avngelet  qf  God,  was  synony- 
mous in  Mandevllle's  vocabulary,  to  fowteg  qfthe  air.  With 
Greek  phraseology  he  was,  perhaps*,  but  little  acquainted,  but 
he  knew  his  own  language  well.  (By  w^/  b  meant  the 
Roman  ansign,  the  eagle). 

The  reader  cannot  but  have  already  observed  how  ill  the 
style  of  Decker  assimilates  with  that  of  Masslnger :  in  the 
former  act  Harpax  had  spoken  sufficiently  plain,  and  told 
Theophilus  of  strange  and  important  events,  without  these 
harsb  and  violent  starts  and  metaphors. 

•  Harp.    'iliiM  Macrimu 

The  line  {«,  4c.]  The  old  copies  read  time.  Before  I  mw 
Mr.  M.  Mason's  emendation,  I  had  altered  it  to  twine.  Line 
however,  appears  to  be  the  genuine  word.  The  allusion  is 
to  the  rude  fire>works  of  our  ancestors.  So,  in  the  Fawne, 
by  Marston. 

•  "  Page.  There  be  squibs,  sir,  running  upon  linea,  like 
some  of  our  gawdy  gallants,"  &c.,  (and  in  Decker's  Honest 
Whore.  "  Troth  mistress,  to  tell  you  true,  the  fire-works 
then  ran  from  me  upon  linei"  &e.) 

f  To  pash  ifour  gode  in  piecee  ]  So  the  old  copies.  Cox- 
etcr  (who  is  followed,  as  usual,  by  Mr.  M.  Mason),  ignorant 
perhaps  of  the  sense  of  paeh,  changed  it  to  daeh,  a  word  of 
far  less  energy,  and  of  a  different  meaAlng.  The  latter  sig- 
nifies, to  throw  one  thing  with  violence  against  another ;  the 


19 


THE  VIRGIX-MARrYR. 


[AcrlL 


With  all  those  thanderbolts,  so  deep  m  Wow 
To  the  religrion  there,  and  pagan  lore. 
As  this  ;  for  Dorothea  hates  vour  gods. 
And.  if  she  once  hiast  Antoninus*  soul. 
Making  it  foul  like  hers.  Oh !  the  example— 

Theoph.  Eats  through  C«^sarea*s  heart  like  liquid 
poison. 
Hare  I  invented  tortures  to  tear  Christians, 
To  see  but  which,  could  all  that  feel  bell's  torments 
Hare  leave  to  stand  aloof  here  on  earth's  staee. 
They  would  be  mad  *tiU  they  again  descended, 
Holciing  the  pains  most  horrid  of  such  souls, 
May-games  to  those  of  mine :  has  this  my  hand 
Set  down  a  Christian's  execution 
In  such  dire  postures,  that  the  very  hangman 
Fell  at  my  foot  dead,  hearing  but  their  figures  ; 
And  shall  Macrinus  and  his  feUow-masker 
Strangle  me  in  a  dance ! 

Harp.  No ;— on  ;  1  hu^  thee. 
For  drilling  thy  quick  brams  in  this  rich  plot 
Of  tortures  'gainst  these  Christians :  on ;  I  hug  thee ! 

Theof)h.  Both  hug  and  holy  me ;  to  this  D^thea 
Fly  thou  and  I  in  thunder. 

Harp.  Not  for  kingdoms 
Piled  upon  kingdoms :  there's  a  villain  page 
Waits  on  her,  whom  I  would  not  for  the  world 
Hold  traffic  with  ;  I  do  so  hate  his  sight 
lliat,  should  I  look  on  him,  I  must  sink  down. 

Theoph.  I  will  not  lose  thee  then,  her  to  confound ; 
None  but  this  head  with  glories  shall  be  crown *d. 

Harp.  Oh !  mine  own  as  I  would  wish  thee. 

[Kxeunt. 


SCENE  III. — A  Room  in  DoROTiiE.i*s  House, 
Enter  Dorothea,  Macrinus,  and  Angelo. 

Dor.  My  trusty  Angelo,  with  that  curious  eye 
Of  thine,  which  ever  waits  upon  my  business,' 
I  prithee  watch  those  my  still-negireent  servants, 
That  they  perform  my  will,  in  what  s  enjoined  them 
To  the  good  of  others ;  else  will  you  find  them  flies, 
Not  lying  still,  yet  in  them  no  good  lies  : 
Be  careful,  dear  boy. 

Ang.  Yes,  my  sweetest  mistress.* 

Dor.  Now,  sir,  you  may  go  on. 

Mac.  I  then  must  study 
A  new  arithmetic,  to  sum  up  the  virtues 
Which  Antoninus  gracefully  become. 
There  is  in  him  so  much  man,  so  much  goodness, 


[Exit. 


former,  to  ttrike  a  thing  with  Mich  force  u  to  crash  it  to 
pieces.    Thai  in  Act  IV.  of  this  tragedy : 
-when  the  battering  ram 


Wu  fetching  his  career  backwards,  to  poA, 
lie  with  bis  horns  in  pieces." 
The  word  is  now  obsolete  ;  which  is  to  be  regretted,  as  we 
have  none  thai  can  adequately  snpply  its  place :  it  is  nsed  in 
its  proper  sense  by  Dryden,  which  is  the  latest  insUnce  1 
recollect : 

"  Thy  cnnning  engines  have  with  labour  raised 
My  heavy  anger,  lilce  a  mighty  weight. 
To  fall  and  jMtk  thee." 
Mr.  Glflbrd  might  have  added  the  following  iDnstration  in 
which  the  distinction  between  pa^  and  daah  b  pointedly 
roarkwl.  *  ^ 

"  They  len  him  (Becket)  not  till  they  had  cut  and  poshed 
oat  his  brains,  and  daahed  them-abont  npon  the  chnrch 
pavement."    Holinshcd,  Hen.  II.  an.  1171. 

It  wonM  not  be  difficalt  to  cite  many  other  authorities  to 
snpport  of  the  use  here  made  of  this  now  obsolete  word.  Shaka- 
peare  frequently  uses  it.  RD. 

•  Ani.  Yet,  n.p  sweetest  mitire$B.]  So  the  oW  copies : 
the  nuKfern  editors  read.  Yet,  my  sweet  mlafrcsa,  which  de- 
sloys  the  metre. 


So  much  of  honour,  and  of  all  things  rise,  11 

Which  make  our  being  excellent,  uat  frcnihis  store  ' 
He  can  enough  lend  oChen ;  yet,  much  ts'on  fran 

him,  j 

The  want  shall  be  as  little,  as  when  sens  I 

Lend  from  their  bounty,  to  fill  up  Uie  poomessl* 
Of  needy  rivers.  ! 

Dor.  Sir  be  is  more  indebted 
To  you  for  praise,  than  yon  to  him  Ant  owes  it. 

Mac.  If  queens,  riewmg  bis  presents  pud  to  the 
whiteness 
Of  your  chaste  hand  alone,  should  be  nmbhioas 
But  to  be  parted  in  their  nuneioas  sheras  ;t 
This  he  counts  nothing :  coold  jroa  see  main  eimies 
Make  battles  in  the  quarrel  of  ms  Tslour, 
That  'tis  the  best,  the  truest,  this  were  nothing; 
The  greatness  of  his  state,  his  &ther*s  roice 
And  arm  awing  C«sares4  he  ne'er  boasts  of; 
The  sunbeams  which  the  emperor  throws  upon  him. 
Shine  there  but  as  in  water,  and  gild  him 
Not  with  one  spot  of  pride :  no,  desrest  benntj,  I ' 

All  these,  heaped  up  together  in  one  scale,  | 

Cannot  weigh  down  the  lore  he  bears  to  jon,  | 

Being  put  into  the  other.  ! 

Dcr.  Could  gold  buy  yon  j 

To  speak  thus  for  a  friend,  yon,  nr,  are  woirthy 
Of  more  than  I  will  number ;  and  this  your  langn^ 
Hath  power  to  win  upon  another  woman. 
Top  of  whose  heart  tbe  feathers  of  this  world 
Are  gaily  stuck :  but  all  which  first  yon  named. 
And  now  this  last,  his  love,  to  me  are  nothing. 

Afar.  You  make  me  a  sad  messenger  ;— but  him- 
self 

Enter  Antondtus. 

Being  come  in  person,  shaU,  I  hope,  hear  from  yoa 
Music  more  pleasing. 

Anton.  Has  your  ear,  Macrinus, 
Heard  none,  then  I  | 

Mae.  None  I  like. 

Anton.  But  can  there  be 
In  such  a  noble  casket,  wherein  lie 
Beiuty  and  chastity  in  their  full  perfections, 
A  roclcy  heart,  killing  with  cruelty 
A  life  that's  prostrated  beneath  vour  leett 

Dor.  1  am  guilty  of  a  shame  f  yet  ne*er  knew. 
Thus  to  hold  parley  with  you  ;— pray,  sir,  pardon. 

Anton.  Good  sweetness, you  now  have  it,  and  shsU 
Be  but  so  merciful,  before  your  wounding  me     [go; 
With  such  a  mortal  weapon  as  Farewell, 
To  let  me  murmur  to  your  virgin  ear. 
What  I  was  loth  to  by  on  any  tongue 
But  this  mine  own. 

Dor.  If  one  immodest  accent 
Fly  out,  1  hate  you  everlastingly. 

Anton.  My  true  love  dares  not  do  it. 

Mae,  Hermes  inspire  thee  ! 


• toJSU  up  the  poomen.]  Tbe  modem  cditonrcad 

I  know  not  why— fo  Jill  ttp  their  poormem  ! 

f  i^sif  to  be  parted  iis  theW  mnmrow  sAsret  ,*}     This  th«   | ' 
former  editors  have  modernised  into 

But  to  be  partners,  ttc 
a  better  word,  perhaps,  but  not  for  that,  to  be  nnwarrantabiy 
thrust  into  the  text.  The  expression  mav  be  foand  ia  the 
writers  of  our  author's  age,  especially  in  Ben  Joosoo,  ia  Ike 
sense  here  required  :  to  be  parted;  to  be  lavoarcd,  or  «•• 
dowed  with  a  part. 

*  And  arm  awing  Ceeeareeu]  I  have  ventured  to  dlffrr 
here  fh>m  all  tbe  copies,  which  read  ewUig  ;  Che  cn>cr,  ifit 
be  one,  as  I  think  it  is,  probably  arose  from  the  espcwilaa 
being  t4kcn  «l<iwn  by  the  ear. 


Scene  III.] 


THE  VlRGIN-MARTYIt 


19 


Enter  above,  Aetemu,  Sapritivii,  Tueophilus, 
Spuvgius,  and  Hibcids. 

Spun,  So,  now,  do  you  see  ?— Our  work  is  done  ; 
the  fish  joa  angle  for  is  nibbling  at  the  hook,  and 
therefore  untruss  the  ood-piece-point  of  our  reward 
no  matter  if  the  breeches  of  conscience  fall  about  our 
heels. 

TTuopk,  The  gold  you  earn  is  here ;  dam  up  your 
And  no  words  of  it.  *  [mouths, 

Hir.  No ;  nor  no  words  from  you  of  too  much 
damning  neither.  I  know  women  seU  themselves 
daily,  and  are  hacknied  out  for  silyer :  why  may  not 
we,  then,  betray  a  scurry  mistress  for  gold  ? 

Spun.  She  saved  us  from  the  gallows,  and,  only 
to  keep  one  proverb  from  breaking  his  neck,  we'll 
hang  her.  [white  bo)'s. 

Theopk.  T'is  well  done;  go,  go,  you're  my  fine 
Spun.  If  your  red  boys,  'tis  well  kno^-n  more  ill- 
favoured  faces  than  ours  are  painted. 
Sap.  Those  fellows  trouble  us. 
j '       Tkeoph,  Away,  away ! 
i  I       Hir.  I  to  my  sweet  placket. 
1 1       Spun,  And  I  to  my  roll  pot. 
1 1  [^Exeunt.  Hhr,  and  Spun. 

j       Anton.  Come  let  me  tune  you: — glaie  not  thus 

I  With  self-love  of  a  vowed  virginity,  [your  eyes 
I ;  Make  every  man  your  glass  ;  you  see  our  sex 

I I  Do  never  murder  propagation ; 

I !  We  all  desire  your  sweet  society, 

1 1  And  if  you  bar  me  from  it,  you  do  kill  me, 

I  And  of  my  blood  are  guilty. 

I,  Artem.  O  base  villain  ! 

I  i  Sap.  Bridle  your  rage,  sweet  princess. 

I  Anton.  Could  not  my  fortunes, 

I  Rear*d  higher  far  than  yours,  be  worthy  of  you, 

I  Methinks  my  dear  affection  makes  you  mine. 

I  Dor.  Sir,  for  your  fortunes,  were  they  mines  of 

I  He  that  I  love  is  richer ;  and  for  worth,           [gold, 

j  You  are  to  him  lower  than  any  slave 

I  Is  to  a  monarch. 

Sap.  So  insolent,  base  Christian ! 

I  Dor.  Can  I,  with  wearing  out  my  knees  before 

I  Get  you  but  be  his  servant,  you  shall  boast      [him, 

^  You  re  equal  to  a  king. 

I  Sap.  Confusion  on  thee. 

For  playing  thus  the  Ijring  sorceress' !  [the  sun 

I  Anion.  Your  mocks  are  great  ones  ;  none  beneath 

I I  Will  I  be  servant  to. — Ou  my  knees  I  beg  it, 
t  Pity  me,  wondrous  maid. 

!  I       Sap.  I  curse  thy  baseness. 

I  Theaph.  Listen  to  more. 
Dor.  O  kneel  not,  sir,  to  me. 

I I  Anton,  This  knee  is  emblem  of  an  humbled  heart : 
I    That  heart  which  tortured  is  with  your  disdain, 

Justly  for  scorning  others,  even  this  heart, 
'    To  which  for  pity  such  a  princess  sues, 
I    As  in  her  hana  offers  me  all  the  world, 
I  Great  Cesar's  daughter. 
I        Artem,  Slave,  thou  liest 
I.        Anton,  Yet  this 

Is  adamant  to  her,  that  melts  to  you 

In  drops  of  blood. 
Tkeoph.  A  very  dog ! 
Anton.  Perhaps 

Tia  my  religion  makes  you  knit  the  brow  ; 

Yet  be  you  mine,  and  ever  be  your  own  : 

1  ne'er  will  screw  your  conscience  from  that  Power, 

On  which  you  Christians  lean. 
Sap,  I  can  no  kmger 


Fr^  out  my  life  with  weeping  at  thee ,  villain. 
Sirrah !  [Atoud. 

Would,  when  I  ^t  thee,  the  high  Thunderer  s  hand 
Had  struck  thee  m  the  womb  ! 

Mac.  We  are  betray 'd. 

Artem.  Is  that  the  Idol,  traitor,  which  thou  kneel'st 
Trampling  upon  my  beauty  ?  [to, 

Tkeoph.  Sirrah,  l>andog*  ! 
Wilt  thou  in  pieces  tear  our  Jupiter 
For  her?  our  Mars  for  her  ?  our  Sol  for  her  ? 
A  whore !  a  hell-hound  !  In  this  globe  of  brains. 
Where  a  whole  world  of  furies  for  such  tortures 
Have  fouffht,  as  in  a  chaos,  which  should  exceed. 
These  naiu  shall  flnubbing  lie  from  skull  to  skull. 
To  find  one  horrider  than  all,  for  you. 
You  three !. 

Artem.  Threaten  not,  but  strike  :  quick  vengeance 
Into  my  bosomf  !  caitiff!  here  all  love  dies,      [flies 

{Exeunt  above, 

Anton.  O !    I  am  thunderstruck !    We  are  both 
o'erwhelm'd 

Mac.  With  one  high-raging  billow. 

Dor,  You  a  soldier, 
And  sink  beneath  the  violence  of  a  woman  ! 

Anton.  A  woman !    a  wrong'd  princess.     From 
such  a  star 
Blazing  with  fires  of  hate,  what  can  be  look'd  for. 
But  tragical  events?  my  life  is  now 
The  subject  of  her  tyranny. 

Dor.  That  fear  is  base. 
Of  death,  when  that  death  doth  but  life  displace 
Out  of  her  house  of  earth ;  you  only  dread 
The  stroke,  and  not  what  follows  when  you're  dead 
There's  the  great  fear,  indeed t :  come,  let  your  eyes 
Dwell  where  mine  do,  you'll  scorn  their  tyrannies. 

Re-enter  below,  Artemia,  SAPRmus,  Tiieophilvs,  a 
guard ;  Angei.o  come*  and  stands  dote  by  Doro- 
thea. 

Artem.  My  father's  nerves  put  vigour  in  mine  arm. 
And  I  bis  streneth  must  use.    Because  I  once 
Shed  beams  of  favour  on  thee,  and,  with  the  lion, 
Play'd  with  thee  gently,  when  thou  struck'st  my 
ril  not  insult  on  a  base,  humbled  prey,  [heart, 

•  Theoph.    Sirrak,  bandog. 

JVilt  thou  in  pieces  tear  our  Jupiter.]  A  bandog,  ai  the 
name  imports,  was  a  d«>g  so  fierce,  as  to  require  to  be 
chained  op.  Bxndogs  are  frequently  mentioned  by  oar  old 
writers  (indeed  the  word  occurs  three  times  in  this  very 

flay)  and  always  with  a  reference  to  their  savage  nature. 
f  the  term  was  appropriated  to  a  species,  it  probably  meant 
a  large  dog,  of  the  mastiff  kind,  which,  though  no  longer 
met  with  here,  is  still  common  in  many  parts  of  Germany  : 
it  was  familiar  to  Snyders,  and  if  found  m  most  of  his  huut- 
ine-pieces. 

In  this  country  the  bandog  was  kept  to  bait  bears:  with 
the  decline  of  that  "  noble  sport,"  peitHips,  the  animal  fell 
into  disuse,  as  he  was  too  ferocious  for  any  domestic  pur- 
pose. Mr.  Uilrhrist  has  ftamished  me  with  a  curious  pas- 
sage from  Laneham,  Mhich  renders  any  further  details  on 
the  subject  unnecessary.  "  On  the  syxih  day  of  her  majes- 
tves  cumming,  a  great  sort  of  bandog*  whcar  thear  tyed  in 
the  utter  coonrt,  and  thyrtecn  bears  In  the  inner.  Whooso- 
ever  made  the  panncll  thear  wear  enoow  for  a  queast,  and 
one  for  a  challenge  and  need  wear.  A  wight  of  great  wis- 
doom  and  gravitie  seemed  their  foreman  to  be,  had  it 
cnm  to  a  Jury :  but  it  fell  oout  that  they  wear  caused  to 
appeer  thear  upon  no  such  matter,  but  onlie  too  onswear 
too  an  auncfen/  auarrtle  between  them  and  the  bandog*,*'  ftc. 
Queen  Elizabeth*  Entertainment  at  KiUingworth  Caetle,  in 
1075. 

t quick  vengeance  fiie* 

Into  my  botom,  ice]  The  old  copies  read.  Into  thy 
bo*om.  For  the  change,  which  is  obviously  necessary,  I  am 
answerable. 

X  There'*  the  great  fear  indeed:]  The  modem  editors 
omit  gruit,  which  is  fonmi  in  the  first  and  second  quartos. 


Br  lingefinj  oat  tby  tvrrora  ;  but  with  one  frovrn 
Kill  tbie  :     hence  with  *era  all  to  execution. 
Beiie  him  ;  but  let  even  death  it«elf  be  weary 
la  torturinf!^  her.     I'll  change  those  smiles  to  shrieks ; 
Giru  the  f<M)l  what  she^s  proud  of,  martyrdom  i 
In  pitfces  rack  that  bawd  too. 

Aap.  Albeit  the  reverence 
I  owe  OUT  ffoda,  and  voU;,  are  in  my  bosom, 
TorreoU  so  strongs  tW  pity  qnit«  lie*  drown*d 
From  saTtDK  this  youoj^  man  ;  vet,  when  I  »Mt 
What  §a/C9  Seath  girea  bim,  ana  diat  a  Uiing  within 
days,  *tis  my  son.  t  am  forced  to  be  a  man,         [mo 
And  grow  k)nd  of  hia  life,  which  thus  1  beg. 

ArUm,  And  I  deny, 

Amton*  Sir,  you  dishonour  me. 
To  ilU)  for  that  which  1  disclaim  to  have. 
I  ab^l  more  glory  in  my  fiufFerings  gain 
Than  you  in  giving  judgment,  since  I  oAct 
Wy  blood  up  to  your  anger  ;  nor  do  I  kneel 
To  kaep  a  wretched  life  of  mine  from  ruin  ; 
PreatTve  this  temple,  builded  fair  aa  yours  ia*, 
An<l  CiDJiar  never  went  in  greater  triumph. 
Than  1  shall!  to  the  icafibld. 

Artm.  Are  you  so  brave,  iir  T 
Set  forward  to  his  triumph,  and  1st  those  two 
Go  eursing  along  with  him, 

Uar,  No,  but  paying, 
For  ray  [mrt,  I,  that  you  lose  ten  times  more 
Bv  torturing  rae,  than  I  that  dare  vour  tortures  : 
Tnrough  all  the  army  of  ray  sins.  I  have  even 
Laboured  to  break,  and  cope  with  deatli  to  tli'  face* 
Tbe  visage  of  a  hangman  frights  not  m« ; 
Tbe  «ght  of  whips*  racks,  gibbets,  axes,  fires, 
Are  scaffoldings  by  which  my  ioul  climbs  up 
To  SQ  eCemal  habitation. 

Thwph.  Ciwaar's  imperifd  daughter,  hear  me  spemk 
r<*t  not  this  Christian  thing,  in  this  her  pageantry 
Of  jproud  deriding  both  our  god.**  and  Cn >ftar» 
Build  to  hersfilf  a  kingdom  in  her  deatlu 
Goingt  Isughing  from  ui  :  no  ;  her  bitterest  tonneDt 
Shali  be,  to  feel  her  constitnry  Ireaten  down  : 
TUe  bmvery  of  her  resolution  lie 
BatteT*d,  by  argument,  into  such  pieces, 
That  she  again  shall,  on  her  belly,  cwep 
To  kiss  the  pavements  of  our  piunim  gods* 

j4if#ni.  How  to  be  done  ? 

Thfoph,  V\\  bend  my  dnnehteri  to  her, 
And  they  shall  turn  her  rocky  faith  to  wax  ; 
Else  spit  at  me  Jet  me  be  made  your  slave. 
And  meet  do  Roman's  but  a  rillain's  gmve. 

Artem.   Thy   prisoner    let   her   be,    then  ;     and, 
Sapritius, 
Your  son  and  that{,  be  yours  :  desth  shnH  bo  sent 
1\}  hJm  that  sudTers  them,  by  voice  or  letters, 
To  ^reet  each  other,    Rifte  her  estate  \ 
Cbnadnns  to  beggary  brought,  grow  desparate. 


thf  trmplf,  hulW  it /air  ti§  iftntri  it,]     At  tbU 

Due  ttiiiMU,  Antui]iiiit»  >  request  i»,  iiot  incrvU  Out  Aitfiula 
ftbuulrl  prparfvc  F)orvithr4,  but  thil  pKc  sboulJ  rxl^c  hir  i^r  n 
fttfrtc  of  6|ilLiulijiur  c<]iMt  to  her  w^%n*  Jhv  iit>»iinlkiy  uf 
tn|»(H«Mni|(  lh«it  lit  fthouM  n\*kc  ihh  tff\\\r^i  »•.  «  prkiccM, 
wliu  hsu  cooUvmucfl  Ittm  lo  i^vitlh,  hi  r.ivuar  of  tipr  riVMl, 
rosde  me  wpptt^e  ilni  thcrv   mint  In;  Hri  rrrur  in  ibh  pmi* 

TiV     ,  ■     ^   '  A  -jngk"   i<l<iitcc  Ni  vlittrr  i>r  ihc 

fkr  .VI'  fAvt4|  <il|  tiii»  LiUiai  :  huihi 

it  Mtto,  1001 »  whtch   Cunctvr  ful- 

Imiiti  i|  ;    111  I  IK   Mittt  r<  II  riiiiui#  K*  Ml  >tic  Ivlttf 

t  ltuittj(  luuyhimtf  Jrmn  um   ]     So  iltv  »lil  cofiie*  ;  Ithtrli  |a 
tnt  mure  cune^  t  iImu  tUv  iiuKlvnt   rc^dLus—  ih;  hatj/ktiiff 


I  Yomr  «0M  and  tti^t.l  Me«*ilMc  Mteriaqi,  whom  li^^tirv 
•ke  h^iUtAlM  «  b4wi|  —  M,  lit«M!v, 


Dnr,  f^till  on  the  bread  of  poverty  let  me  foed. 

Ang.  O  ?  my  admired  mistres'*,  qtieiich  not  out 
The  holy  fires  within  yon,  though  t«mptatiofM 
Shower  down  \i\wn  yxfU  i  clasp  tbine  annour  <m. 
Fight  well,  and  thou  sbalt  see,  albr  tbeao  wan« 
Thy  bead  wear  sunbeams,  and  tby  lert  loucii  etaim, 
[tiama  att  but  At^gtb. 

Eitur  Hiftoitrs  mid  SrinsotiM^ 

Hir*     How  now,  An^lo  ;  bow  ia  if,  bow  is  i*  * 
What  tlinstkd  apios  tliat  whore  Fgrtiuo    upon.  La 
wheel  now  ? 

Spun.  Cfirn*  esLi,  earn*  fiffa,  poor  knave  t 

llir.  Ciimment  pwi/tt*wM^  cwnmfnt  |Nirte-wwin, 
mon  petit  eitr^ou  ? 

Spun,  Sly  pretty  wee  comrnde,  my  half-inch  of 
man's  fleah,'  how  mo  the  dice  of  this  ctieatinr  woiid, 
bal 

Ans;*  Too  well  on  yonr  sides  ,  you  are  hid  ia  gold 
OW  head  and  enrs. 

Hir.  We  thank  our  fates,  the  sign  of  the  guigla- 
boya  haniirs  at  tbe  doors  of  our  pockets. 

Spun,  Who  would  think  that  we,  coming  fonlt 
of  the  a — ,  as  it  were,  or  fag-end  of  the  ifvorld,  sboold 
yet  see  the  golden  age,  when  so  little  &tver  u 
stirring. 

Uir,  Nay.  who  can  say  any  citizen  is  an  ass,  for 
loading  hi«own  back  with  money  tiQ  hia  soul  cracks 
again,  only  to  leave  bis  son  like  a  gilded  coicomb 
behind  him?  Will  not  any  fool  take  me  for  a  wist 
man  now,  seeing  mo  draw  out  of  the  pit  of  my  ix«a> 
surv  tliis  little  god  with  bin  belly  full  of  gold  f 

^^pun.  And  this,  full  of  the  same  meat,  out  of  ajf 
ambry. 

Aug.  That  gold  will  melt  to  poison. 

Spun,  Poison !  would  it  would  ;  wbol«  pjoli  flbr 
healths  should  down  my  iliroat, 

Hir,  Gold,  pobou  !  there  is  never  a  she-ilirasber 
in  Csaarea,  that  lives'!;  on  tbe  Hail  ofmooej,  will  oaU 
it  so. 

An^,  Like  slaves  you  sold  your  souls  for  golden 
Bewraying  her  to  death,  who  atiapt  betw  eeti  [dros«. 
You  and  the  gallows. 

Spun,  It  wns  an  easy  matter  to  save  us,  ahe  beiiif 
so  well  back'd. 

Hir,  The  gallows  and  we  fell  out ;  so  she  did  but 
part  us, 

Ang,  The  misery  of  that  mistress  is  mmib  own  } 
She  lieggarVl,  1  left  wretched* 

Ifir,  i  can  but  let  my  nose  drop  in  sorrorw,  with 
wet  nyes  for  her. 

Spun,  The  petticoat  of  her  estate  is  unlaaed,  1 
conlWss. 

Hir,  Ves,  and  theVmock  of  her  chanty  is  now  aU 
to  pieces, 

Ang,  For  love  you  bear  to  her,  for  some  good  lunu 
Dane  you  by  me,  give  roe  one  piece  of  *ilv*r. 

Hir,  Mow*  a  piece  of  silver  I  if  thuu  wrcrt  an 
angel  uf  gold,  I  would  not  put  thee  into  white  moo**^ , 
unless  I  wei}2;hed  thee  ;  and  I  weigh  thee  not  a  m-  h 

Spun,  A  piece  of  silver!  1  never  had  but  tnn 
cftlveai  m  my  life,  and  those  my  mother  loft  me  *,  I 
will  rather  part  from  tli©  fat  of  them,  thaa  Cram  a 
niu-»twrd-(olten*s  worth  of  argent. 

Ihr.  And  ko,  *iwmit  nil,  we  crawl  from  ihie. 

Spun.  Adieu,  denu-dandipnit,  adieu  ! 

j4#^.  Stay,— one  word  yet  j  you  tiow  tre  full  of 
gold. 

Hir.  I  would  be  sorry  my  dog  were  so  full  of  tha 


Or  Mnj  iow  of  nuiie  of  the   meazfes  eitlier. 
Go,  go!  you're  beggars  botli  ;  you  art»  not 
on  TOOT  feel.  [frorUi 

Hir,  Aw«y,  away^  hoy  I 

Spun*  Pig»t  you  do  'oothiog  bat  tfit  paicli«i  on 
€bm  •oiie>9  of  yoor  ieits. 

I  am  glad  I  tried  your  lor«,  wbich,  me  !  I 
aa  tMt  is  full,  [  wont  not. 

And  ao  long  as  this,  so  long  at  this. 
Spvngiiitt  yon  ara  a  pickpocket. 
'      Spnm,  HirciQs,  tbou  bast  niin'd:— ^o   long  at! — 
•ot  ao  much  money  ia  \ttt  as  will  buy  u  lou^. 

Hir,  TboQ  art  a  thief,  and  thou  liest  in  that  gut 
diroagb  which  thy  wina  runs,  if  Uioo  deaiest  ir. 

5pM3t.  Thou  li«at  de«per  than  the  bottom  of  mine 
enraged  pocket,  if  tbou  afironteat  it. 

^i»g.  No   blows,  no  bitter  langnage ; — all  your 
gold  gofie  i 

J^      Spun*  Can  the  deril  creep  into  one's  breeches  ? 
B      /frr.  Yea,  if  his  borotonce  get  into  the  cod -piece. 
H^ifla^.  Come,  aigh  not ;  I  ao  tittle  am  in  love 

r 


ATI  yours .  diride  the  hf^ap  in  ftquul  almre. 
So  vou  will  go  ftloag  witlj  me  to  prison. 
And  in  our  mistreats'  sorrows  bear  a  part* 
Sttv,  will  vou  ? 

Kfth.  Will  we! 

Span,  It  she  were  going  to  hsn^og.  no  guflowa 
should  part  us. 

Hin  Let  us  both  be  tum'd  into  a  rope  of  oaiona, 
if  we  do  not, 

Aftg,  Follow  me,  then :  repair  your  bad  deeds  past; 
Hanpy  are  men,  when  their  best  days  are  kst ! 

Sfmn,  True,  master  Angelo ;  pray^  sir,  lead  the 
way. 

liir.  Let  him  Icfld  that  way,  but 
this  way. 

Spun,  I  IfTe  in  a  gnol ! 

I  fir.  Away,  and  shift  for  ourselves: — She*U  do 
well  enough  there;  for  prisoners  are  more  hungry 
aflLer  mutton,  than  catch  poles  after  prisoners. 

Sptttu  Ia?i  Ijur  stan-e  iheo,  if  a  whole  gaol  will 
not  6U  her  belly,  lExeunL 


[Exit  AhgitiK 
follow  thou  me 


ACT  III. 


SCENE  L—A  lUam  in  DoRoraiAV  ffaitie. 


Emitr  Bh^msnc^  Tufjopuiuvt,  FrmU  Causta,  and 
CiiRisTrrA. 
&m.  Siek  to  tbe  death,  I  fear*. 
Tittpk,  I  iDset  TOUT  aorrow, 
WiA  BV  trtta  feilit^  of  it. 

Stp,  gbe'a  a  wiien, 
A  sflTocresdi.  Theophilus  ;  my  son 
Is  ehann*d  by  her  enchanting  eyes  ;  and,  like 
Am  ioMfe  nuide  of  wax,  her  beams  of  beauty 
MiAt  na  to  aothtng  :  aU  my  hopes  in  htm. 
Ami  tD  Ilk  gottoEi  honoors,  find  their  gntre 
In  bia  «tf«nge  dotage  on  her.     Would,  when  first 
fie  aair  and  loved  her,  that  the  earth  had  open'd 
r*d  both  aliire ! 
T&flipA.  Tb«reV  bop«<  left  ycL 

V  „t  ,*,*. .  though  the  princess  were  api>eas«d» 
•re  surrender 'd  up ; 
nstian  is  so  transported 
Ikei*  Khgioa,  that  unless  my  son 
let  fais*  parish  fir^t  f )  drink  tlje  same  potion, 
be  of  ber  belief,  shell  not  vouchsafii 
bia  lawfnl  wife. 
Priert.  Bat,  0110a  remored 
From  ber  opioioo,  u  I  reat  aasnred 
i\Thmwmnm»  of  tbeae  bolr  maids  will  win  her» 
I^BB  §ad  km  traeiibla'to  any  thing, 
^^^Hwr  «oiiliaf  or  fata. 
^^^lipL  If  dbo  i^lbaa  it. 

The  SCffilB  dM^  iKPMUcig  ttiJWitioas  airs, 

Tka 


I,  due  basfliak'a  killing  eye, 
that  does  emah  tlia  baDee^ 

shall  not  tppctr 


It  i#  drlk^htfiiL  aflcr 


r  rfic  ftlNtldri  «o4  kAriAarM  vT  Utr  preretlinK  met,  la  f  Jl 
s^danUi  Ikm  cfear  sad  kamioaliwt prrM« uf  M^Min^ftr. 
««  b«ae*  la  Ac  cwwclaitnn  of  the  •econd  fcvut,  wbtrv 


erowdi^l   vtllli 


Leas  fatal  to  her,  than  my  bmI  made  hot 
With  lore  unto  my  fjmb»     1  have  deferred  it. 
In  hojMPs  to  draw  b«ick  thii>  npostJitP, 
Which  will  be  greater  honour  thuii  tu^t  ilcnth, 
Unto  ber  father  s  faith  ;  and,  to  thnt  end, 
Hare  brought  my  daughters  hither. 

CaL  And  we  ^oubt  not 
To  do  what  you  desire. 

Sap,  Ivet  her  be  sent  for. 
Prosper  in  your  good  work  ]  and  were  I  not 
To  attend  tne  princess,  I  would  see  and  hear 
How  you  succeed. 

Theoph.  I  am  commanded  too, 
V\\  bear  you  company. 

Sop,  (liire  tliem  your  ring. 
To  lead  htT  as  in  triumph,  if  they  win  her 
Before  her  highness.  [ExiL 

Theaph.  Spjupo  no  promises, 
Persuaitiona,  or  threats,  I  do  conjnre  you  : 
If  you  prevail,  'tis  rhe  most  glonoua  work 
Vou  ever  undertook. 

Ent^  DonomxA  and  Awgc^ 

Pfi<a^  She  comes. 

Thritph.  We  leave  you  ; 
Be  constant,  and  be  careftiL 

[Exeunt  Theaph  and  PrUit, 

Cat,  We  are  sorry 
To  meet  vou  under  guard. 

Dor,  But  I  mofv  grieved 
You  are  nt  liberty.     i?o  well  I  lore  you, 
That  I  could  ntnftll),  for  iuch  a  cause  as  mine, 
You  were  my  fellow -prisoners  :   Prithee,  Angelo, 
Reach  us  some  chairs,     I'lease  you  sit 

CaL  We  titaak  you  : 
Our  vi^it  is  for  love,  love  to  your  safety, 

CkriiL  Our  conference  muat  be  private,  pray  vou, 
Command  your  boy  to  Itsave  ua.  [therefore, 

Dor,  You  may  iraH  him 
Witii  any  secret  that  conceroa  my  life, 
Falaebcod  and  be  are  ainngera  :  bad  you,  ladies. 


16 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTVTl. 


[Act  UL  1 


Been  hiess'd  with  such  a  senrsnt,  you  had  never 

Fursook  that  way,  your  journey  even  half  ended, 

That  leads  to  joys  eternal.     In  the  phice 

Of  loose  lascivious  mirth,  he  would  have  stirrM  you 

To  holy  meditations ;  and  so  far 

He  is  nrom  flattery,  that  he  would  have  told  you. 

Your  pride  heing  at  the  height,  how  miserahle 

And  wretched  things  you  were,  that,  for  an  hour 

Of  pleasure  here,  have  made  a  desperate  sale 

Of  all  your  right  in  happiness  hereafter. 

He  must  not  leave  me  ;  without  him  I  fall : 

In  this  life  he's  my  servant,  in  the  other 

A  wish'd  companion. 

Ang,  Tis  not  in  the  devil. 
Nor  all  his  wicked  arts,  to  shake  such  goodness. 

Dor,  But  you  were  speaking,  lady. 

CaL  As  a  friend 
And  lover  of  your  safety,  and  I  pray  you 
So  to  receive  it ;  and,  if  you  remember 
How  near  in  love  our  parents  were,  that  we. 
Even  from  the  cradle,  were  brought  up  together, 
Our  amity  increasing  with  our  years, 
We  cannot  stand  suspected. 

Dor,  To  the  purpose. 

Cat,  We  come,  then,  as  good  angels,  Dorothea, 
To  make  you  happy  ;  and  the  means  so  easy. 
That,  be  not  you  an  enemy  to  yourself, 
Already  you  enjoy  it. 

Christ,  Look  on  us, 
Ruin*d  as  you  are,  once,  and  brought  unto  it 
By  your  persuasion. 

CaL  But  what  followed,  lady  ? 
Leaving  tliose  blessings  which  our  gods  gave  freely. 
And  shower'd  upon  us  with  a  prodigal  hand. 
As  to  be  noble  bom,  youth,  beauty,  wealth, 
And  the  free  use  of  these  without  control. 
Check,  curb,  or  stop,  such  is  our  law's  indulgence  ! 
All  happiness  forsook  us  ;  bonds  and  fetters 
For  amorous  twines ;  the  rack  and  hangman's  whips 
In  place  of  choice  delights  ;  our  parents'  curses 
Instead  of  blessings  ;  scorn,  neglect,  contempt. 
Fell  thick  upon  us. 

Christ.  This  consider'd  wisely, 
We  made  a  fair  retreat ;  and  reconciled 
To  our  forsaken  gods,  we  live  again 
In  all  prosperity. 

CaL  By  our  example. 
Bequeathing  misery  to  such  as  love  it. 
Learn  to  be  happy.    The  Christian  yoke's  too  Iieavy 
For  such  a  dainty  neck  ;  it  was  framed  ratlier 
To  be  the  shrine  of  Venus,  or  a  pillar 
More  precious  than  crystal,  to  supiK)rt 
Our  Cui>id's  image :  our  religion,  lady, 
Is  but  a  varied  pleasure ;  yours  a  toil. 
Slaves  would  shrink  under.  [devils  ? 

Dor.  Have  you  not  cloven  feet?    are  you  not 
Dare  any  say  so  much,  or  dare  I  hear  it 
Without  a  virtuous  or  religious  anger  1 
Now  to  put  on  a  virgin  modesty. 
Or  maiden  silence,  when  His  ]K)wer  is  question'd 
That  is  omnipotent,  were  a  greater  crime 
llian  in  a  bod  cause  to  be  impudent. 
Your  gods !  your  temples !  brothelhouses  ratlier. 
Or  wicked  actions  of  the  worst  of  men 
Pursued  and  practised.     Your  religious  rites  ! 
Oh  t  call  them  rather  juggling  mysteries. 
The  baits  and  nets  of  hell :  your  souls  the  prey 
For  which  the  devil  angles  ;  your  false  pleasures 
A  steep  descent,  by  which  you  headlong  fall 
Into  eternal  torments. 


CaL  Do  not  tempt 
Our  powerful  gods. 

Dor.  Which  of  your  powerful  godi  1 
Your  gold,  your  silver,  brass,  or  wooden  onia,      '  ' 
Tliat  can  nor  do  me  hurt,  nor  protect  you  *1 
Most  pitied  women !  will  you  sacrifioa 
To  such,— or  call  tliem  gods  or  goddesses. 
Your  parents  would  disdain  to  be  the  same. 
Or  vou  yourselves  ?  O  blinded  ignoranoe ! 
Tel[  me,  Calista,  by  the  truth,  I  charge  you. 
Or  any  thing  you  hold  more  deer,  would  you. 
To  have  him  aeified  to  posterity. 
Desire  your  father  an  adulterer, 
A  ravislier,  almost  a  parricide, 
A  vile  incestuous  wretch  1 

CaL  That,  piety 
And  duty  answer  for  me. 

Dor.  Or  you,  Christeta, 
To  be  hereafter  register'd  a  goddess. 
Give  your  chaste  body  up  to  the  embraces 
Of  goatish  lust  \  have  it  writ  on  your  forehead  : 
"  lliis  is  the  common  whore,  the  prostitute. 
The  mbtress  in  the  art  of  wantonness. 
Knows  every  trick  and  labyrinth  of  desirps 
That  are  immodest  V* 

Christ,  You  judge  better  of  me. 
Or  my  affection  is  ill  placed  on  you  ; 
Shall  I  turn  strumpet  ? 

Dor.  No,  I  think  you  would  not ; 
Yet  Venus,  whom  you  worship,  was  a  whore , 
Hora,  the  foundress  of  the  public  stews. 
And  has,  for  that,  her  sacrifice ;  your  greet  god. 
Your  Jupiter,  a  loose  adulterer. 
Incestuous  with  his  sister  :  read  but  those 
That  have  canonized  them,  youll  find  them  worse 
llian,  in  chaste  languf^^^e,  1  can  speok  them  to  you. 
Are  they  immortal  then,  that  did  partake 
Of  human  weakness,  and  had  ample  share 
In  men's  most  base  affections  ;  subject  to 
Unchaste  loves,  anger,  bondage,  wounds,  as  men  sre^ 
Here,  Jupiter,  to  serve  his  lust,  tum'd  bull. 
The  shape  t,  indeed,  in  which  he  stole  Europe ; 
Neptune,  for  gain,  builds  up  the  walls  of  Troy, 
As  a  day-labourer  ;  Apollo  keeps 
Admetus'  sheep  for  bread  ;  the  Lemnian  smith 
Sweats  at  the  forge  for  hire  ;  Prometheus  here. 
With  his  still-^wing  liver,  feeds  the  vulture  ; 
Saturn  bound  last  in  hell  with  adamant  chains  j 
And  thousands  more,  on  whom  abused  error 
Bestows  a  deity.     Will  you  then,  dear  sisters. 
For  I  would  have  you  such,  pay  your  devotiooa 
To  things  of  less  power  than  yoursdvesl 

CaL  We  worship 
Their  good  deeds  in  their  images. 

Dor.  By  whom  fashion'd  ? 
By  sinful  men.     Ill  tell  you  a  short  tale^* 
Nor  can  you  but  confess  it  is  a  true  one  : 


*  That  can  nor  <fo  me  hurt,  nor  protect  you  /]  l!<;rc 
spirited,  ami  more  iu  tUc  aiiUior's  manner,  ihjin  the  ivadiug 
of  the  last  quarto,  which  the  moilem  cdiion  follow : 

That  cannot  do  me  hurt,  nor  protect  jfom  f  < 

t  The  shape,  buleed,  &c.]  The  old  copies  read.  The  aliip, 
indeed.  Sec,  Corrected  by  Coxcter.  [OmiUcd  In  c<lj|.  vi 
1813.} 

: rU  tell  you  a  short  Ule,  &c.]    I  oocc  tho«cM  ' 

I  hud  read  this  ahort  tale  in  Amoblos,  from  whom,  ■■< 
from  Angustin,  much  of  tlie  preceding  speech  ia  taken ; 
bat,  npon  loolcing  him  over  again,  I  can  acarccly  find  a 
tr.ice  of  it.  Hvro<lotni  has,  indeed,  a  story  of  a  king  «f 
Egypt  (Amasis),  which  bears  a  distant  reaemblaafcc  to  K; 
bnt  the  application  U  altogether  differrat  >-lbere  i«  a  f 


l| 


tlL] 


THE  VIKOIN^MARTYR. 


If 


g  dif  Effypt,  bf  mg  to  enwi 
tEOi^  of  UflijTH,  wUom  tbej  honour, 
from  the  matrontt'  ueckft  Lbe  ridia^  jffireLi , 
]fiifie^t  jEfold,  !.<  the  mutenslji, 
lish  up  hb  i^-ork  i  wrhkh  ptr&<?ted, 
til  Kjlettmity  he  set  it  up ^ 
.  adortidf  and  served  himjsdrhk  idol ; 
ing  it  to  fiTfi  him  victory 
lat  hm  enemi«a  :  but,  bem^  orflrthfowii, 
^  agaiiul  hifl  ^od  (Uieoe  are  fine  god^, 
ct  to  hiunan  futy  I ),  b«  too&  down 
eHMlMB  diing:,  md  lUftliiri^  it  &^ld* 
ada  abuoa,  m  wJikh  i^unuctj^  wasb'd 
oncobine'i  feat ;  ind  for  thiis  itoniid  ua* 
iBonthft  it  served  :  ku  mtfltress  pr^via^  falie, 
o«t  indeed  do  so^  and  grace  coiurluded 
f<en  him  and  the  priests,  of  the  mme  baaon 
uide  his  god  agruo  ■ — Thkik^  thitik  of  this 
tiien  cotuideft  if  all  worldly  hoooiiiH^ 
ea«tire»  th«£  do  lears  shurp  scingg  b<^hind  them, 

pow^  to  wiii  Buch  aj  have  reuofULbla  •oula. 
It  thetr  trust  in  droM. 
L  Oh,  that  I  bad  been  bora 
out  a  father ! 
list.  Piety  to  him 
nun'd  ua  fior  ever. 
r.  Think  not  ao ; 
may  repair  oil  j^t :  the  attribate 
epeaka  hia  Godhe&d  mtist,  ia  mercifiil : 
Dge  ia  pmper  to  iBe  fit^nda  you  worahip, 
iannot  Btrike  irithout  hm  l«ire, — ^Vuu  weep,— 
da  a  heareoly  ahower    celestial  bsdm 
ire  your  wo*jn'^*»i!l  c^ripi^f  i*^rrc>'     \H  k  fall, 
hiek  ujion  it ;  and,  when  that  ia  apent, 
elp  it  with  another  of  my  teara : 
toMj  yonr  true  rep^ntMice  prove  (Lb  child 
y  tme  iorrow,  nerer  mother  had 
th  ao  happy ! 

U  We  nxfi  cAu^hi  ouraelrea, 
caXD0  to  mke  you  i  and,  aasored  of  conquest, 
re  your  captires. 
r.  And  in  that  you  triumph  : 

fietory  had  been  eternal  losa, 
this  your  loaa  immortal  guin.     Fii  liere, 
fOM.  shall  feel  youn«hW  inwafdly  ;um'd 
i*t  tortures,  deaths  mad  bell : — but,  take  heed, 
lifters,  [auaaiooa, 

or  through  wedkneM,  ibreaca,  or  mild  per- 
gfa  of  a  lamer,  you  &U  not  into 
^nd  and  a  worse  apoataey, 
L  ^rever,  oh  never  I  ateel'd  by  your  example, 
Jine  the  womt  of  tyranny. 
rwf.  Here's  our  wajrani, 
ihall  aloKLf  and  witneaa  it, 
r.  Be  eofifirm*d  then  ; 
rest  aasuf«d,  the  more  yon  suffer  here, 
nora  your  glcny,  yon  to  heaTen  more  dear. 

lExeunL 

SCENE  Il^—Thf  GoTeraora  Palaet. 

llfT    Aft^rSMIA,    SAFaimTB,    TuEOPHlLttS,  ««l 
flARFJkX. 

wm,  Sapdtina,  though  ^ouraon  deaervp.a  n<>pily, 
lipve  ma  ticbseas  :  bta  contempt  of  ua, 
ast  behind  og,  and  look  back  upon 
ETvicfi  done  to  Cf  «ar,  that  weighs  down 

[  im  wblcli  be  Mmi  hli  fociu  w«ix  accfl<itom«d  lo  tpit, 
4«crJ%vt,  &c,  which  Ij  fijTitjed  int^a  ^  .  bpi  TvbffWr 
traiibtd  tlw   po«t  wiih  uy  bititt,  J  cutiuoi:  nnilerlakv 


Our  just  dispJeaanre.     If  hitt  malady 
Have  i^wtb  hom  his  restmint,  or  that  you  think 
Hls  Kberty  can  cui«  bim,  tei  him  have  it : 
Say,  we  forgive  him  freely* 

Sap^  Your  gtac:«  bUida  ua 
Ever  your  humblest  viuaois, 

Jrffm.  Use  all  meana 
for  his  recovery  ;  tliougb  yet  I  lore  him, 
I  will  not  force  mf  ectjon.    If  the  Christian, 
VVbotie  beauiy  hath  out-riTall'd  me,  be  won 
To  be  of  our  belief,  let  him  enjoy  her ; 
That  aU  may  know,  when  the  cause  willa,  I  can 
Command  my  ovirn  deairea* 

Hit&ph*  Be  happy  then, 
My  tord  Sapritiua     I  am  confident 
Sttcb  eloqueiice  and  sweet  perssuaxion  dwell 
Upon  my  dau^Iit^ri'  tongues,  that  they  will  work 
To  any  thing  they  pteaae.  [her 

Sap.  I  wish  they  may  ; 
Yet  'tis  no  easy  tiisk  ta  undertake, 
To  alter  a  penrerse  and  obstinate  woman, 

[A  i/uwf  within :  loud  mutie. 

Artem,  What  m^sns  this  about  1 

Sop.  Tis  seconded  with  musie. 
Triumphant  music^ — ^Ma ! 

Enter  SiitpnoKiiii. 

Semp.  My  lord,  your  daughters, 
The  pdlara  of  our  faith*,  having  coirerted, 
For  ao  report  girtti  out,  the  Christian  lady, 
The  image  of  great  Jupiter  bom  b^ore  tliem, 
Sue  for  aeeess. 

Th^L  My  soul  divined  aa  much. 
1)1  eat  be  the  tune  wb«^n  firat  they  aaw  this  li^Lt ! 
Their  mother  when  she  bore  them  to  aupport 
My  feebLe  age,  fiird  not  my  longing  heart 
With  so  mui:L  joy,  aa  they  in  this  good  work 
Have  thrown  upon  me. 

Enftr  Priest  with  the  Itnage  of  Jupiter,  ineente  and 
^vTurr<;  foihtaed  by  Caluta  and  Chbisteta, 
Uttdmg  DoncmiaA.  | 

Wekome,  oh,  thrice  welcome,  i 

Daughters,  both  of  my  body  and  my  mind ! 
L«t  TOe  embrace  in  you  my  bliss,  mj  comfort ; 
And,  Dorothea,  now  more  welcome  too, 
Than  if  you  never  had  fallen  off    I  am  ravish'd 
With  the  excess  of  joy  : — spisuk,  happy  daughtera, 
The  bleat  event. 

CaL  We  never  gatn'd  80  much 
By  any  undertaking. 

TheopL  O  my  dear  girl, 
Our  gods  reward  tliee  I 

Dflf.  Nop  w-as  ever  tkne 
On  my  part  better  spent, 

€hniu  We  are  all  now 
Of  <>ne  opinion, 

Thettpiu  My  best  Christeta !  . 

MadaiUt  if  ever  you  did  grace  to  worth, 
\''ouchsafe  your  princely  hands. 

Arttm.  MQ»t  willingly * 

Do  you  refuse  it ! 

Cat  Let  ufi  first  deserve  it,  [prepar* 

Theeph.  BIy  own  child  still  f  here  «et  our  god ; 
Til  a  intense  quickly  :  Cotjie,  fair  DorotbeBt 
1  will  myself  support  you  j—^-now  kneel  down 
And  pay  your  vows  to  Jupiter, 

*  77t«  pitian  qfomrMih^  Ac  1  Mvn  ai  In  many  otter 
plft^rft.  ihe  lingTijire  of  Cbrii^tiantty  and  pKiiiohin  it  ron- 
foitadvQ  ;  fnifh^vk  aIwrvi   tbe  t\liiinctivc  term    for   tba 

e 


18 


THE  vmOlN-MARTlTL 


lArrJII,] 


Ihr.  I  «hall  do  it 
Better  by  their  exnmple. 

Thioph.  *Vhev  shall  guide  you, 
Thnj  are  fiuiiilmr  with  l\w  sacrifice. 
Jonnmrd,  my  twiii<i  of  comfort,  and,  to  tt'och  her, 
Miike  a  joint  ofTeriag* 

ChritL  Tliua [thtif  httth  $pit  at  the  image^ 

Cttt  And  thus throw  U  dtfim,  and  t|mn»  ft* 

Harp,  Profiuie, 
And  impioQft !  itand  you  now  like  a  statue  1 
Are  you  the  champion  of  the  g^oda  ?  where  is 
Your  hoi  J  aeol,  your  anger  1 

Thtoph.  I  am  blaated  ; 
And,  aa  my  feet  were  rooted  here,  1  find 
I  hi^e  no  motion ;  I  would  I  bad  no  sight  too ! 
Or  if  my  ere*  can  nerre  lo  any  use** 
Give  me,  thou  injured  Power!  a  aea  of  tears. 
To  expiate  this  madneaa  in  my  daughters ; 
For,  being  themuielTee,  they  would  have  trembled  at 

So  hhuiphemoui  a  deed  in  nny  other  : 

For  my  sake,  bold  awhile  thy  dreadful  thunder, 
And  give  me  padence  to  demand  a  reason 
For  tJ»i»  acoureed  act- 

Dor,  'Twas  bravely  doile.       [should  look  on  you 

Thtoph.  Peajce,  damn'd   enchnntresa,    peace!  —  I 
With  evea  made  red  with  fury,  and  my  hand, 
That  aMlces  with  rage,  ahoutd  mucn  outstrip  my 

tongue. 
And  laal  my  vengeance  on  your  hearta ;— 4)ut  ntture, 
To  Tou  tb&t  have  fallen  once,  bids  me  again 
To  he  a  ikther.     Ob  !  how  durst  you  tempt 
Tho  anger  of  great  JoTe  ? 

Dor.  Alack,  poor  Jove ! 
He  is  no  swaggerer ;  how  smiig  he  stands  * 
Hell  take  a  kick,  or  my  thing, 

Sap^  Stop  her  mouth* 

Dor.  It  is  the  patient'st  godling't;  do  not  fear  him; 
He  would  not  hurt  the  ihief  that  stole  away 
Two  of  bia  golden  locks  ;  indnKl  he  could  not : 
And  still  'tis  the  some  quiet  thing 

Tktop,  Blasphemtr ! 
Ingenious  cruelty  shall  punish  this  ; 
Tliou  nrf  past  hope:  but  for  you  vett»deardangbt0r8, 
Agjiin  bewitch 'd,  the  dew  of  mild  forgiveneu 
May  gt'ntly  fall,  |>rovided  you  deserve  it 
With  true  contrition  :  be  yoitrselvei  igvin  | 
Sue  U}  the  o tended  deity. 

ChriMU  Not  to  be 
The  mistTBaa  of  the  earth. 

CaL  I  will  not  offer 
A  grain  of  incense  to  it,  much  less  kneel, 
Nor  look  on  it  hut  with  contemj.t  and  iicoru. 
To  hdvtf  n  thousand  years  conferred  upon  me 
Of  worldly  blessings.     IVe  jirofesa  ourselves 
To  be,  likt*  Dorotlien,  Christians, 
And  owe  her  for  thiit  happiness. 

Thetip.  My  ears 
Receive,  in  hearing  this,  all  deadly  uljanns, 
Powerful  to  make  man  wretched. 


Ariem.  Are  these  they 
You  bragg*d  could  conve 


convert  others  f 


r.^.*^  *^?*'  "^  *^  "^  '"  *«'•'  •"•*!    The  modcra 
'CoUorft  read ; 

Qr  \f  mif  ryrt  n/m  Mtrtv  to  anff  other  hjt. 
Othtr,  wli.ih  iU%\toy^  m  oi»«  ihe  mi  Ire  ^ml  ibc  »€nie.  k 
aa  •jMixt  Inter., .,L.i.., M    ,r  >h"    r -irtoi  1031  a^d  IflilJ. 

u,L  I     *  .*    *'  i'  * '   '  '»'>^«   Iniertrd  tl.ji 

WW.1  .(  Ilic  ,  Mr.  M,  M«on,    The  old 

eepifft  concur  I  >       ^  ,. ;  ^/.  ■  »!.  will 

1.  1  ^       f^-  -f'T  '"^  V'^*^  *  '*•  "^^^""^  eomplewi  the  ver», 
ll  aow  n!*tor#d  fniiu  the  Ural  idillon. 


Sttp,  That  want  strength 
To  stand  themselves ! 

Harp.  Your  honour  is  engaged. 
The  credit  of  your  cause  depends  opoo  it  i 
Something  you  must  do  sutldonly, 

Thfoph.  And  I  will. 

ifarp.  1  hey  merit  death  ;  but,  falling  by  yoitr  I 
Twill  be  reconled  for  a  juat  revenge. 
And  holy  fury  in  you, 

Thetjpli,  Do  not  blow 
Tlie  furnace  of  u  wratli  thrice  hot  already; 
jfirnft  is  in  my  breast,  wildfire  bums  here. 
Which  only  blood  mu^t  quench.      Incensed  Powvl  | 
Which  from  my  infancy  1  have  adored. 
Look  down  n  ith  favourable  beam^'i  upon 
Tlie  sacrifice,  though  not  allow 'd  thy  priest. 
Which  I  will  offer  to  tbee ,  and  be  plctaaed 
( My  fiery  seal  inciting  me  to  act) 
To  caU  that  justice  otbera  may  efrle  mtttder. 
Come,  you  accurs'd,  thus  by  the  liair  I  dn^  yoa 
Before  tliis  holy  altar ;  thus  look  on  yon, 
Less  pitiful  than  tigers  to  their  prey: 
And  thu^  with  mine  own  hsmd  I  take  that  life 
Which  I  gave  to  you.  [^Kiib  tk 

Dor,  O  most  cruel  butcher  ! 

Thettph.  My  anger  ends  not  here :  liell'i  drefedlhll 
Receive  into  thy  ever-onen  gntes,  [| 

Their  damned  souls,  and  let  the  Foriee*  whips 
On  them  aJone  be  unlisted  ;  and,  when  denth 
Cloaei  these  ey©s,  'twill  be  Elysium  to  me 
To  hear  their  shrieks  and  howling^  Make  me,  Plold^l 
Thv  in!4lrument  to  fumiAb  thee  with  souLi 
Ot'^that  accursed  sect ;  nor  let  me  fall. 
Till  my  feU  vengeance  hath  consumed  tlhant  tKL 

J  Exit,  HarpoM  fmg^mg  1 
•- 

[Enttr  Af^ih  mtiimgi^ 

Dor,  Oh,  call  him  back  agnin. 
Call  bock  your  htmgmnn  !  here's  one  priaoiier  left 
To  he  the  subject  of  his  knife. 

Art  Not  so  i 
We  are  not  so  near  feeonoiled  nnto  the« ; 
Tliou  sholt  Dot  perish  such  an  eesy  way. 
Be  slit*  your  cburtre*  S«pritiuSt  now  ;  and  vafhr 
None  to  come  near  ber,  till  we  have  found  o«t 
Some  tonnenta  worthy  of  her, 

Ang,  Coumge,  miatreas. 
These  martyrs  but  prepare  your  glorioua  1kt» ; 
You  shall  exceed  them,  and  not  imitate*         [F 

SCENE  III,— A  Room  m  Dorouiea**  H<i*w. 

Euter  Sn  Koiis  and  llincits,  raggtd.  at  opptmitt 
HtK  Snunipus  !  [tatteirwl  seorld*  I 

Spun.  ^Iy  fine  rogue,  how  is  it  I  how   goe*  this 
//«r*  Hast  any  money  ? 
Spun.  Money  !   No,     The  tavern  ivy  cUnga  abottt 

my  money,  nnJ  kills  it.     Hsjtt  thou  any  mon«yf  F        I 
llir.  No.     My  money  is  a  mad  bull ;  and  liaidlBg  1 

any  gap  opened,  away  it  runs. 

*  Arlcm  'Ti*  a  Itrare  Mtnl]  The  flrtt  two  q«srlo«  %m%9 
i  §(«)[«  directluii  here,  which  Co^tfler  jUkd  M-  Matoii  f«il 
U»w  :  iCater  Artemia  faughit^.  Htil  Ari<coii«  cittitliinri  vm 
lh«  wlxgc  :  the  error  wat  »«cd  Rnd  rrniovcd  by  ib«'  «|H4n«* 
1051,  which  rrjtds  a«  I  hivc  (iven  it.  i 

t  hriw  gotM   thiM  InUered   «wnU.'l    The**    uAko-m*  \ 

wrelchei  — hut  they  »rc  tioi  wottk  ft  line.     Mr.  Mflj^Mt^r  t^h    ' 
tervea  thit  tatferrtt  i«  itpeli  with  «d  »  in  the  old  >   ' 
Bhjikip»re:  fhl*    ki   the    tint   opportuiilly  I  h>i 
inrulki'rthii;,  thai  M»Hii)E«f  eouronni  to  ib«  mhu 
Tilt   UKXleru  editum  ooinctiin?*  idopt  one  omxIv  %»|  "J.*  m-t 
it,  aad  »onictLrae»  ftno(hfr,  u  tf  the  wvrdi  were  dlVcfvotl   J 
it  U  hvat  tg  he  miitarm^  \ 


80KS  III.] 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYR. 


19 


Spun,  1  Me  then  a  tarem  end  a  bawdy-honee  hare 
&oea  much  alike  ;  the  one  hath  red  grates  next  the 
door,  the  other  hath  peeping- holes  within- doors  : 
the  tavern  hath  erennore  a  bush,  the  bawdy-hoose 
sometiines  neither  hedge  nor  bosh.  From  a  tarem 
man  comes  reeling ;  nom  a  bawdy-house,  not  able 
to  stand  In  the  tarem  you  are  cosen'd  with  paltry 
wine ;  m  a  bawdy-houae,  by  a  painted  whore  :  money 
may  hare  wine,  and  a  whore  will  hare  money  ;  but 
to  neither  can  jroa  cry,  Drawer,  you  roeue !  or. 
Keep'  door,  rotten  bawd !  without  a  nlrer  whistle : — 
We  are  justly  plagued,  therefore,  tor  running  from 


Hir,  Thou  didst ;  I  did  not :  Yet  I  had  run  too, 
but  that  one  gare  me  turpentine  pills,  and  that  staid 
my  running. 

Span.  ^^1 !  the  thread  of  my  life  is  drawn  through 
the  needle  of  necesai^,  whose  eye,  looking  upon  my 
lousy  breeches,  cries  out  it  cannot  mend  them ;  which 
so  pricks  the  linings  of  my  bod^  ^and  those  are, 
hmt,  lights,  lungs,  guts,  iad  midnff),  that  I  beg 


on  my  knees,  to  hare  Atropos,  the  tailor  to  the  Des- 
Vb  her  sheers,  and  cut  my  thread  in  two, 


to  take  ber  abeers,  and  cut  my 
or  to  heat  ^m  iron  goose  of  mortality,  and  so  press 
me  to  death. 

Hir.  Sure  thy  ftther  was  some  botcher,  and  thy 
hunm-  tongue  bit  off  these  shreds-of  complaints,  to 
patch  up  tM  elbows  of  thr  nittv  eloquence. 

Spwu  And  what  was  thy  faUier  I 

if  ir.  A  low-minded  oobkr,  a  cobler  whose  zeal  set 
many  a  woman  upright ;  the  remembrance  of  whose 
awl  (I  now  baring  nouiing}tluusts  such  scurrystitches 
into  my  soul,  thi^  the  heel  of  my  happiness  is  gone 
awry. 

Spun.  Pity  that  e'er  thou  trod*8t  thy  shoe  awry. 

Hir.  Lon^  I  cannot  last ;  for  all  sowterlr  wax  of 
eomfort  meltmg  away,  and  misery  taking  tne  length 
of  my  foot,  it  boots  not  me  to  sue  for  life,  when  all 
my  hopes  are  seam-rent,  and  go  wet-shod. 

iS^pira.  This  shews  thou  art  a  cobler's  son,  by  going 
through  stitch  :  O  Hircius,  would  thou  and  I  were 
so  happy  to  be  coblers ! 

Hir.  So  would  I ;  (or  both  of  us  being  weary  of 
our  lires,  should  then  be  sure  of  shoemakers'  ends. 

Spun.  I  see  the  beginning  of  my  end,  for  I  am 
almost  starred. 

Hir.  So  am  not  I ;  but  I  am  more  than  fimish'd. 

Sptm.  AU  the  members  in  my  body  are  in  a  re- 
bellion one  against  another. 

Hbr.  So  are  mine  ;  and  nothing  but  a  cook,  being 
a  constable,  can  appease  them,  presenting  to  my  nose 
instead  of  his  painted  staff,  a  spit  full  of  roast  meat. 

Spmu  But  in  this  rebellion,  what  uproars  do  they 
nmke  !  my  belly  cries  to  my  mouth.  Why  dost  not 
gape  and  fiBedmel 

Hir.  And  my  mouth  sets  out  a  throat  to  my  hand, 
Why  dost  not  thou  lift  up  meat,  and  cram  my  chops 
with  it? 

Sptm,  Tbtuk  my  hand  hath  a  fling  at  mine  eyes 
because  they  look  not  out,  and  shark  for  rictuals. 

Hir.  Whath  mine  eyes  seeing,  full  of  tears,  cry 
akmd,  and  curse  my  feet,  for  not  ambling  up  and 
down  to  fted  colon,  sidience  if  good  meat  be  m  any 
place,  'tis  known  my  feet  can  smelL 

Spum»  But  then  my  feet,  like  lasy  rogues,  lie  still, 
and  had  rather  do  nothing,  than  run  to  and  fro  to 
purchase  any  thing. 

Hir.  Why,  among  so  many  millions  of  people, 
should  thou  and  I  only  be  miserable  tatterdenalUons^ 
ragamufins,  and  lousy  despeiatest 


Spun.  Thou  art  a  mere  I-am-an-o^  I-am-an-as  : 
consider  the  whole  world,  and  'tis  as  we  are. 

Hir.  Lousy,  beggarly !  thou  whoreson  assa  foetida? 

Sfnin,  Worse  ;  ul  tottering,  all  out  of  frame,  thou 
fooliamini ! 

Hir.  As  how,  arsenic?  come,   make  the   world 


Spun.  Old  honour  goes  on  cratches,  beggary  rides 
caroched ;  honest  men  make  feasts,  knares  sit  at  , 
tables,  cowards  are  lapp'd  in  relret,  soldiers  (as  we) 
in  rags  ;  beauty  turns  whore,  whore,  bawd,  and  both 
die  of  the  pox :  why  then,  when  all  the  world 
stumbles,  should  thou  and  I  walk  upright  1  | 

Hm*.  Stop,  look!  who's  yonder?  I 

Enter  Anoelo.  | 

^li.  Fellow  Angelo!  how  does  my  little  men,  [ 

Ang.  Yes  ;  fweU  f  i 

And  would  you  did  so,  too.  Where  are  your  clothes? 

Hir.    Clothes !     You  see  erery  woman  almost  go  ' 
in  her  loose  g^wn,  and  why  should  not  we  hare  our 
clothes  loose  ? 

Spun.  Would  they  were  loose !  ' 

Arig.  Why,  where  are  they  ? 

Spun.  Where  many  a  relret  doak,  I  warrant,  at 
this  hour,  keeps  them  company  ;  they  are  pawned 
to  a  broker.  ! 

Ang.  Why  pawn'd  I  where's  all  the  gold  I  left  ^ 
with  you  ? 

Hir.  The  gold !  we  put  that  into  a  scrirener's 
hands,  and  he  hath  coaened  us. 

Spun.  And  therefore,  I  prithee,  Angelo,  if  thou 
hast  another  purse,  let  it  be  confiscate,  and  brought 
to  derastation.  [way 

Ang.  Are  you  made  all  of  lies  ?     I  know  which 
Your  guilt- wing'd  pieces  flew.    I  will  no  more 
Be  mockt  by  you :  be  sorry  for  your  riots. 
Tame  your  wild  flesh  br  labour  ;  eat  the  bread 
Got  with  bard  hands  ;  let  sorrow  be  your  whip. 
To  draw  drops  of  repentance  from  your  heart : 
When  I  read  this  amendment  in  your  eyes. 
You  shall  not  want ;  till  then,  my  pity  dies.     [Exit. 

Spun.  Is  it  not  a  shame,  that  this  scurry  puerilis 
should  gire  us  lessons. 

Hir.  I  hare  dwelt,  thou  know'st,  a  long  time  in 
the  suburbs  of  conscience,  and  they  are  erer  bawdy ; 
but  now  my  heart  shall  take  a  nouse  within  the 
walls  of  honesty. 

Enttr  Harpax  IMnd. 

Spun.  O  you  drawers  of  wine,  draw  me  no  more 
to  the  bar  of  beggary  ;  the  sound  of  tcore,  a  pottle  of 
each,  is  worse  than  tbe  noise  of  a  scolding  oyster- 
wench,  or  two  cats  incorporating. 

Harp.  This  must  not  be— I  do  not  like  when 
conscience  [tera ! 

Thaws ;  keep  her  frosen  still.    How  now,  my  mas- 
Dejected  ?   orooping?    drown'd  in  tears?    clothes 
tom  ?  [wmd 

Lean,  and  ill  colour'd  1  sighing  1  where's  the  whirl- 
Which  raises  all  these  mischiefs  ?  I  hare  seen  you 
Drawn  better  on't.    O !  but  a  spirit  told  me 
You  both  would  come  to  this,  when  in  you  thrast* 
Yourselres  into  the  serrice  of  that  huiy,     [praying  I 
Who  shortly  now  must  die.      Where's  now   her 


• whm  lo  you  thnut.\    In,  which  completes  the 

rcne,  fvu  omitted  by  Mr.  M.  Mason,  fh>m  an  opinion 
perhape,  ttiat  it  was  anperflaooft  to  the  urn  v.  Bnt  this  ^mm 
the  Ungoage  of  the  times :  fur  the  re^t,  this  whole  act  is 
most  carelessiy  printed  by  the  list  editors. 

c  4 


to 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYR. 


[Acs.  HI. 


Wbait  good  got  you  by  wmr'ms  out  your  feet, 
To  nm  on  scurvy  errands  to  tuo  poor. 
And  to  bear  moiioy  to  a  sort**  of  rogue 
And  lousy  prison  era  * 

Hir.  Pox  on  tbetu  t  I  aever  prospered  since  I  did 
it* 

Spun.  Had  I  been  a  pagnn  atill.  I  Bhould  not 
l»ve  «pit  white  for  wiint  of  drink ;  but  eome  to  «ny 
vintner  now.  and  bid  bim  trust  m^.beeiiase  I  tiinu»d 
Cbriitian.  and  be  cries,  Pob  1 

Harp.  You're  rightly  served ;  before  tbalpeerisbf 
lady 
Hod  to  do  with  rou,  womc'n.  wine  and  money 
Flow*d  in  abundance  with  you,  did  it  not  1 

liir.  Oh,  Ihoae  ^«yA  t  those  days! 

Harp,  Beat  not  your  bteosta,  tear  not  your  hair 
in  madneaa ; 
Tboae  day  a  shall  come  again,  be  ruled  by  ine, 
And  better,  mark  me,  better. 

Spun.  1  have  seen  you,  sir,  aa  I  takeit,anattie3idaiit 
on  tlii?  lord  Tbeojihilus. 

Httrp,  Yes,  yes  ;  in  shew  his  servant ;  hut  bark» 
Take  heed  do  body  listens.  [hither  ! — 

Spnu.  Not  a  mouse  stirs. 

Htirjh  I  am  s  prince  disg^uised. 

Hit.  Diftji^isE^  !  how  1  drunk  ? 

Harps  Yes,  my  fine  boy  *.  VU  drink  too,  and  be 
I  am  a  prince,  and  any  man  by  me^  [drunk  ; 

Let  bim  but  ke<>p  my  rule^,  shall  soon  grow  rich, 
Exoeedinf^rich,  most  infinitely  rich  : 
He  that  ahuHl  serve  me,  is  not  starved  from  pleaaurea 
Aa  other  poor  knaves  are ;  no,  taki«  their  till. 

Spun,  But  that,  sir,  w©*re  so  rsp^ged^ 

Harp,  Youll  sny,  you'd  serve  me  T 

Hir*  Before  any  master  under  the  xodisc. 

Harp,  For  clothes  no  matter  ;  I've  a  mind  to  botb. 
And  one  thing  I  like  in  you  ;  now  that  you  see 
The  bonfire  of  your  lady'^B  state  burnt  out. 
You  give  it  over,  do  you  not  1 

Hir,  Let  her  be  hong'd  ! 

Spun,  And  pox'd  1 

Httrp,  Why,  now  you're  mine; 
Come*  let  my  bosom  touch  you. 

Spun.  ^Ve  have  bu^s^  sir. 

Harp*  There's  money,  fetch  your  clothes  home  ; 
there's  for  you. 


•  And  t»  bear  motirv  'o  «  '"rl  tif  mj/veM^Htc]    Or,  m  we 
ftioald  now  tmj/'^to  a  Mt,  or   purcci  qf  nwuf*.      The  word 
Oeciirt  $o  firiHin^Dtly  in  thi*  mum,  in  onr  dd  writ«r»,  ilut  il 
sactnt  «liaQ«l  ttmicce*i«ry  lo  give  «oy  exftmpl«&  of  ii : 
*•  Mere  Are  i  «&ri  of  poor  pctiliooLri, 
T1i>l  are  importanate."  Spanith  Tragedy, 

Apia: 

••  Ami,  like  a  tort  of  trae  bora  ■cavcafef*, 
Scoor  IDS  ihia  fainoiu  realm  n(  eneinki*" 

A'nijfht  qf  (he  Burning  Pettle. 
(TUii  word,  witb  tfimlltr.inctntaK  lo  thai  here  tntcmled, 
IVeqiieatly  occors  In  JShaktpcarv,  «■  "  Bui  ilivy  can  i«c  a 
mtrt  orTraiton  here."— Rkhnr<l,  II. 

AkhIh  in  Richard  III.  "  a  «4irf  of  vafabomii,  rsicali,«ji(l 
mas  way  •."—Bo). 

t h^fant  that  pc«vUli  hdp 

Mmi  la  d9  teith  ifou,]  Ptrvi»h  ii  /otttiah  ;  tlioi,  Irt  th» 
Marw  Winat^f  If  tnriMr,  Mri.  Qmekly  My»or  hi>r  rcUjwr- 
fcrv«nt,  **  HU  worn  lnoll  ii,  ili»i  he  ti  sivcu  \m  pmyer ;  he 
I*  sctrnetliiDg  jWeHaA  that  way."     Mr.  Mulohc  tliitiki  ibU  to 
br  vev  of  itamc  Qnkkly'ji  bUtmlen.  ar»il  %h*\  »h«  meant  to 
My  prwcim :     br»t    I    ^iilicvc   he   U  itiittiikcn.     In    Hjfvht 
Scarmr,  tkc  wuni  h  *ihi1  in  ilic  very  wnta  here  felven  ; 
*  For  Hti  I  thoJde  do  BtK-r  yimr  K^ic 
To  l«  Jirn  lo  |j»tvr  to  make  me  ^cvytm," 
Afain,    tu    GtrnV*  Rirtienyt  a^nimt   Adnffrry  :  **  Mhcm^Tn 
krpi  a  mmh-UnA  of  »ome   d^rtj  )e«ry  old    In  hi*  Jimiimt,  who 
Indeed  w«  ki  naMrtlly  |ww«i«A.  «»  wot  Mllait,  hiidly  UHy, 
eould  tn«1c|i  \\\in  for  •biiplicil>." 


Hir,  Avoid,  vermin  !    ^ve  over  our  mistivei 
DUin  cannot  prospt^r  worse,  if  he  serve  the  devil. 

Harp,  Flow  !  the  devil !  I'll  tell  joru  what  tio«  «f{ 
the  devil. 

He's  no  such  borrid  creature  ;  cloven-footed 
Block,  saucer-eyed,  bis  nostrils  bresthiiig  in^ 
As  these  lying-  ChrisdoDs  mske  bim, 

hoth.  No  I 

Harp,  He's  more  loving 
To  nuui,  tbsn  man  to  man  is*. 

Hir,  Is  be  soT  Would  we  two  might  oonie 
icouftinted  with  himl 

Harp,  You  shall :  he's  n  wondrous  good  fellow, 
loves  n  cup  of  wine,  s  whore,  any  thiAg ;    if  jou 
huve  money,  it's  ten  to  one  btit  1*11  being  lurn  M 
him. 
some  tovem  to  you  or  other. 

^jptuu  111  bespeak  the  best  room  in  the  hoas«  kn 

Harp*  Some  people  he  cannot  endure* 

Hir,  We'll  give  him  no  sueb  o«iuie. 

Harp,  He  bates  a  civil  liwyer,  sb  »  soldier  doe« 
pesce. 

Spun,  How  a  oommoner  t  F 

Harp,  Loves  bim  &om  the  teeth  outwarcL 

Spun.  Pray,  my  lord  and  prince,  let  ine  encottoter 
yoa  with  one  foolish  question:  does  tbe  devil  eit 
any  mace  in  his  broth  ? 

Harp,  Exceeding  much,  when  bis  bomtng  frver 
Uke»  him  ;  and  tlien  he  baa  the  knucklea  of  a  batliff 
boiled  to  his  breakfast. 

Hir,  Tben,  my  lord,  be  loves  a  catcbpole,  does  be 
not? 

Harp,  As  a  benrwartl  doth  a  dog.  A  cstcbpokel 
he  hath  sworn,  if  ever  he  dies,  to  make  «  aeijeattt  Urn 
heir,  and  a  yeoman  bis  oversew. 

Spun,  How  if  he  come  to  aay  grest  man*B  gale. 
will  thf  jHirtfr  let  him  come  in,  sirt 

Harp.  Oh  !  be  loves  porters  of  great  men**  gates^ 
because  tliey  are  ever  so  near  the  wicket, 

Hir.  Do  not  they  whom  be  nuikes  mucb  on,  for 
nil  his  stroaking  their  cheeks,  lead  beUiab  tivif 
uoder  bim  T 

Harp,  No»  no,  no,  no  ;  be  will  be  damn'd  before 
h^  liurTs  any  msn :  do  but  yon  (wdien  you  ore 
throughly  ac4]umnted  witb  him)  ask  for  any  thing, 
sea  if  it  does  not  come. 

SpfUH*  Anything! 

ffarp,  Cidl  for  a  delicate  rare  wborei  ^e  is  bnmgilit 
you. 

Hir,  Oh !  my  elbow  itcbas.  W  ill  tbe  devil  keep 
the  door  f 

Harp,  Be  dnmk  as  a  beggar,  he  helps  you  bome« 

Spun,  O  my  fmi*  d«tvil!  some  watcnman,  1  war> 
rant ;  I  wonder  who  is  his  constable^ 

Harp,  Will  you  sweor,  roar,  siraggcrl  be  cli|M 
you 

Hir.  How  T  on  tbe  chaps  T 

Harp,  No,  on  the  shoulHcr  ;  and  cries,  O,  Wf 
brave  boys!  Will  any  of  you  kill  a  man  ? 

Spun,  Ves,  yes;  f,  I. 

Hiirp,  Whu't  is  bis  word?  Hang!  bmg!  \ia 
nothings — Or  stab  a  woman !  I 

•  Han**  Hf*§  morv  WtH^ 

To  tNtfn,  iham  trnm  to  mam  it.]    Tttoai^h  clilt  u< 
tlliitiou  of  tbat  floe  •entimcnt  in  Jtiveiial,  Can 
Aonta  qwtm  MM,  may  not  be  aUofeUirr  out  of  r)>  < 
ihe  «pvak(r  ;  It  were  to  be  wiilied  it  hed  Dot  been  emptoYi-!. 
Tti  My  the  Imth,  the  «hok  of  thU  urvoe,  more  eapt^TaUy 
whit  yet  rf  main*  oi  H,  h  «•  ro^lUh  ii«  U  it  proftiKMe.  | 

f  Span.   How  a  eooioiOBer?]    Thjit  u  a  cobuooii  lewjftr*  | 


d 


SCENB   I.] 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYH. 


ft 


ifrr.  Yes,  yea;  1,1. 

Harp.  Here  is  the  worst  word  he  g^res  you :  A 
pox  on't,  go  on ! 

Hir.  O  ioTeigling  msokl ! — I  am  rayish'd. 

Harp,  Go,  get  your  clothes ;  torn  up  your  glass 
of  youth. 
And  let  the  sands  run  merrily ;  nor  do  I  care 
From  what  a  lavish  hand  your  money  flies. 
So  you  give  none  away  to  heggan^— 

Hir.  Hang  them ! 

Harp.  And  to  the  scruhbing  poor. 

Hir.  Ill  see  them  hang'd  Mt. 

Harp,  One  serrioe  you  must  do  ma 

Bath.  Any  thing. 

Harp.  Your  mistress,  Dorothea,  ere  she  suffers^ 
Is  to  he  put  to  tortures :  hare  you  hearts 


To  tear  her  into  shrieks,  to  fetch  her  soul 
Up  in  the  pangs  of  death,  yet  not  to  die  ? 

Hir.  Suppose  this  she,  and  that  I  had  no  hands, 
here's  my  teeth. 

Spun.  Suppose  this  she,  and  that  I  had  no  teeth, 
here's  my  naus. 

Hir.  But  will  not  you  be  there,  sir?  [master 

Harp.  No,  not  for  hills  of  diamonds;  the  grand 
Who  schools  her  in  the  Christian  discipline, 
Abhors  my  company  :  should  I  be  there,     [quarrel 
You*d  think  dl  hell  broke  loose,  we  should  so 
Ply  you  this  business ;  he,  her  flesh  who  spares. 
Is  lost,  and  in  my  lore  nerer  more  shares.       [Exit. 

Spun.  Here's  a  master,  you  rogue ! 

Hhr,  Sure  he  cannot  choose  but  have  a  horrible 
number  of  servants.  [Exeunt. 


ACT  IV 


SCENE  le^The  GoTemor's  Paiaee. 

AtrroHimjs  sick,  with  Doetort  about  him  ; 
SAPRrnus  ami  Macbinub. 

Sap.  O  joa,  that  are  half  gods,  lengthen  that  life 
Their  deities  lend  us ;  turn  o'er  all  the  rolumes 
Of  jour  mysterious  ^sculapian  science, 
T*  mcrease  the  number  of  this  young  man's  dajB ; 
And,  for  each  minute  of  his  time  prolong'd, 
Your  fee  shall  be  a  piece  of  Roman  gold 
With  Cassar's  stamp,  such  as  he  sends  his  captains 
When  in  the  wars  they  earn  well :  do  but  sare  him. 
And,  as  he's  half  myself,  be  you  sll  mine.       [hand 

DceL  What  art  can  do,  we   promise ;  physio's 
As  q)t  is  to  destroy  as  to  preserre. 
If  hnren  make  not  the  med'cine :  all  this  while, 
Our  skill  hadi  combat  held  with  his  disease ; 
But  'tis  so  ann'd,  and  a  deep  melancholy. 
To  be  such  in  part  with  death*,  we  are  in  fear 
The  grave  must  mock  our  labours. 

Mac  I  hare  been 
His  keeper  in  this  sickness,  with  such  eyes 
As  I  hare  seen  my  mother  watch  o'er  me ; 
And,  firom  that  obserration,  sure  I  And 
It  b  ■  midwife  must  delirer  him. 

Sap,  Is  be  with  child  1  a  midwife  f ! 

Mae.  Yes,  with  chfld  ; 
And  will,  I  fear,  lose  life,  if  by  a  woman 
He  is  not  brought  to  bed.    Stand  by  his  pillow 
Some  little  whue,  and  in  his  broken  slumners, 
Him  shall  yoa  hear  ciy  out  on  Dorothea ; 
And,  when  his  arms  fly  open  to  catch  her. 


Clodng  together,  he  fells  fest  asleep. 
Pleased  with  embraoings  of  her  any  fonn. 
Phyaiciami  but  torment  htm,  his  disease 
Laughs  at  their  gibberish  kncuags ;  let  him  hear 
The  Toiee  of  DOTOtbea,  nay,  but  the  name, 
He  starta  up  with  high  colour  in  his  feoe : 


I  •  Taht  amdk  impart  wUh  dmth,]  Mr.  M.  Muon  reada, 
after  (^oseter.  To  omeh  impart  with  death,  and  explaiiu  it 
to  mtam  -  To  nch  a  defrec."  I  doabt  whether  he  ooder- 
Mood  Ua  own  explaiiatloB  or  not.  The  genaioe  reading, 
which  I  have  restored,  takei  away  all  difficvlly  frotn  the 

f  SapL  Is  hs  wUh  child  r  a  nddiw\fe  /)    The    modem 
I   cditota  read,  A  mddm\fs!  is  hs  wUh  chUdf  Had  they  no 
ears  I 


She,  or  none,  cures  him;  and  how  that  can  be. 
The  princess'  strict  commsnd,  barring  that  happiness, 
To  me  impossible  seems. 

Sap.  To  me  it  shsll  not ; 
111  be  no  subject  to  the  greatest  Cesar 
Was  erer  crown'd  with  Uurel,  rather  than  cease 
To  be  a  father.  lExit. 

Mac.  Silence,  sir,  he  wakes. 

AtUon.  Thoukill'st  me,  Dorothea;  oh,  Dorothea! 

Mae.  She's  here  : — enjoy  her. 

Anton.  Where?  Why  do  you  mock  me  ? 
Age  on  my  head  hath  stuck  no  white  hairs  yet. 
Yet  I  am  an  old  man,  a  fond  doating  fool 
Upon  a  woman.    I,  to  buv  her  beau^, 
rtn  truth  I  am  bewitch'd,)  offer  my  me, 
And  she,  for  my  acquaintance,  hazards  hers  ; 
Yet,  for  our  equal  sufferings  none  holds  out 
A  hand  of  pity. 

DocU  Let  faiim  hare  some  music 

Anton.  Hell  on  your  fiddling! 

DocU  Take  again  your  bed,  sir ; 
Sleep  is  a  sovereign  physic. 

Anton.  Take  an  ass's  head,  sir  : 
Confusion  on  your  fooleries,  your  charms ! — 
Thou  stinking  clyster-pipe,  where's  the  god  of  rest, 
Thy  pills  and  base  apothecary  drugs 
Threaten'd  to  bring  unto  me  f    Out,  you  impostors ! 
Quacksalving,  cheating  mountebanks !  your  skill 
Is  to  make  sound  men  sick,  and  sick  men  kill. 

Mac.  Oh,  be  yourself,  dear  friend. 

Anton.  Myself,  Macrinus ! 
How  can  I  be  mjrself  when  I  am  mangled 
Into  a  thousand  pieces  ?  here  moves  my  head, 
But  where's  my  neart?  wherever — ^that  lies  dead. 

Re-enter  Sapbitxus,  dragging  in  Dorothea  by  the 
hair,  Anoelo  attending. 

Sap.  Follow  me,  thou  damn'd  sorceress  !  call  up 
thy  spirits. 
And,  if  they  can,  now  let  them  from  my  hard 
Untwine  these  witching  hairs. 

Anton.  I  am  that  spirit : 
Or,  if  I  be  not,  were  you  not  my  fether, 
One  made  of  iron  should  hew  that  band  in  pieces. 
That  so  de&ces  this  sweet  monument 
Of  my  love's  beauty. 

Sap.  Art  thou  sick  ? 


Atthm^  To  ileath. 

Sap.  Would'it  thou  recorer  ! 

AnUtfi.   VVouldl  I  lire  iu  bliss  t 

Sttp.  And  do  tJiino  eyt's  eboot  dagger*  at  tliat  mtta 
Tfant  bnngs  tbe€  health  ? 

Antm,  It  is  not  ta  the  world. 

Sap,  It's  h«re. 

Anttm*  To  treasure*,  br  emchantrnent  lock*d 
In  cBvps  &"}  de«p  DLS  b«lU  am  1  as  oear. 

Sap,  Brpok  thut  enchanted  care  ;  enter^  and  rifl© 
TFiB  apoils  thy  lust  hunts  after  ^  I  descend 
To  a  b«lt^B  office,  and  Ixwrotne  iliy  pander . 
In  bringing  Uiee  this  proud  thing :  make  her  thy 

whor©» 
Thy  bemltlj  lies  here  -,  if  she  deny  to  give  it, 
Forc6  it:  imagine  thou  aj^aanlt'st  a  toirn*s 
Weak  wall ;  to't  'tis  tliine  own,  but  beat  this  down. 
Come^  and,  unaeen,  be  witness  to  tliis  battery 
How  the  coy  struiupftt  yields  t. 

Doct,  Shall  the  boy  stay«  sir  7 

Sap    No  matter  for  the  boy : — ^pagei  are  used 
To  these  odd  bauwdy  shufflings  ;  and.  indeed,  ore 
Hiose  little  young  snakes  in  a  fury's  heod^ 
WiM  stin^  worse  than  the  great  ones. 
Let  the  pimp  stay.         [Esmnt  Sap,  Mac*  and  Doct, 

Dear.  O,  ^nard'me,  angels  * 
What  tragedy  must  begin  now  T 

Anium,  When  a  tiger 
I^ops  into  a  timorous  lierd,  with  ravenons  jaws, 
Beiitg  hunger-slarved,  whot  tragedy  tijen  l>egius  ? 

Dijr.   Dpaib  :   I  am  happy  so  ;  you>  hitherto, 
Havo  siill  hud  goodness  spli«rtHl  wuhin  your  eyes, 
Let  not  that  orb  be  broken  |. 

Ang.   Fear  not,  mistress  ; 
If  he  dare  offer  violence,  we  two 
Are  strong  enough  for  such  a  sickly  man. 

Dw,  What  is  yonr  horrid  ptsrpost*,  air  ?  your  eye 
Bears  danger  in  It. 

Anton,  I  must 

Dor,  What! 

Sap,  Iwiihiiu]  8peak  it  out. 

itnleii.  Climb  thiit  sweet  virgin  tree. 

Sorp*  [icitkin.]  Plague  o'  your  trees. 

Anton.  And  pluck  iliai  fruit  which  none,  I  think, 
e'tar  tanted. 
Sap.  [uithin.]  A  Motdier,  and  stund  fumbling  so* 

Dor,  Oh,  kill  me,  [ktieeti. 

And  heaven  will  tak«i  it  as  a  sacrifice; 
But,  if  you  ploy  the  ravisher^  there  ta 
A  bell  to  swallow  you. 

Sap,  [tritA/n.]  Let  her  swallow  the©  } 

AnUtiu  Riae  : — for  the  Roman  empire,  Dorotliea, 
I  would  not  wound  thine  honour.    Plettsures  forced 
Are  unripe  apples  ;  nour,  not  worUi  the  plucking  : 
Yet,  let  me  tell  you,  *da  my  fnther'a  will. 
That  I  should  s«iz«  upon  you,  u  my  prey  ; 

•  Ant,  T0  trwimre,  4c,]    Till-  U  ih«  f  m^rHlailoo  of  Mr. 

M.    Misob,     It   «p|iear«   «   lMp[.y   «ub«liluliuii   for  the    uM 

resdlni;,  nblch  ww,  O  trtoMn*,  a(t% 

M'oMw,  oHd.unium,  fm  tritm-v*  to  thin  bati^rp 
N0W  th^  my  Mtrump€t  i/ittd*.]     Theft    twu   lia« 

dreiMHl  lo  M«rriuiiK  and  ihv  ducuvi.    M.  MaixDO. 

1 *«*,  htthgrto. 

Haw  wttUhadgMMimrtx  «j«T'd  wUkin  your  *»j^#, 

litt  not  that  trrb  be  krftlwm.l    The  wt»rtl   orb  lu   tldi  kit 

tii«?  pftivw  ih4i  »c  thonl.)  re«l  Mpkend  tauMMt  ^  tpar'd  : 

.        '  '        '  '*  wn*wlu»  nsh  Id  M»  AuMTiion  ;  woarrvd, 


^ad- 


Which  I  abhor,  as  mnch  as  the  blaekpst  sin 
T1]e  rillainy  of  man  did  ever  act* 

^SapriUw  Irtmki  m  «r<tfc  MmctwM^  I 
Ahg.  Die  happy  for  this  language. 
Hap^   Die  a  slave 
A  bloclcii-h  idiot ! 

Mac.  Dear  sir,  tux  him  not,  fgddilifs: 

Sap,  VeSt  and  rex  thee  too  ;   both,  I   thtnik,  are  ' 
Cold,  phlegmatic  bastard,  tbou*rt  no  brat  of  mine; 
One  sperk  of  me^  when  I  hod  he«t  like  tliine, 
hy  thi9  had  made  a  bonRre:  a  tempting  whore. 
For  whom  tlmu*rt  mud,  tlini.st  e^en  into  thine  anna. 
And  stond'at  thou  puling!  had  a  taOor  aeeo  b«r 
At  tljis  jidvuntage.  ne,  with  his  erosa  capers 
Kod  rufQed  her  by  this;  but  thou  shalt  cone 
Thy  duHiance*.  and  here,  before  her  ejree. 
Tear  thv  own  flesh  in  pieces,  when  a  slare 
In  hot  lust  batiieH  htm»elf,  and  gluts  those  pleesxirei 
Thy  niceness  durst  not  touch.     Call  out  a  slare; 
You,  captain  of  oar  guard,  fetch  a  slave  hither. 
Anton.  What  will  you  do,  denr  sir?  \Umm  ^ 

Slip,  Teach  her  a  trade,  which  many  a  one  would  I 
In  less  than  hidf  on  hour, — to  play  the  whore. 

Enitf  A  Slavs. 

Mae.  A  slave  is  come;  what  now? 

Sap^  Thou  hast  hones  and  flesh 
Enouph  to  ply  thy  labour:   from  what  country 
Wert  tljoii  ta'en  prisoner,  here  to  be  our  alave; 

Si/it'*,   ffnxm  Hritain. 

Sap.  In  the  west  ocean! 

Slave,  Yes, 

Sap,  An  island  ? 

Slaiv,  Yea, 

Sap.  I'm  fitted:  of  all  nations 
Our  Roman  swords  e'er  conquered,  QOfM  ooaetDMr 
'ITiB  Briton  for  true  whoring.     Sirrah  fellow. 
What  wouJdst  thou  do  to  gain  thy  liberty? 

Siam.  Do!  liberty  !  iieht  naked  wth  a  lum, 
\''eiiture  to  pluck  a  standard  from  the  beeit 
Of  an  jirm'd  legion.     Liberty!  lid  thus 
Bestride  a  ranipire,  and  defiance  epit 
r  llie  face  of  death,  then,  when  the  battering-Taai 
Was  fetching  his  career  backward,  to  paab 
Me  with  his  bums  in  pieces.     To  shake  my  cliaifiaof  , 
And  that  I  could  not  do*t  but  by  thy  deathy 
Stnod'st  thou  on  tliis  dry  shore,  I  on  a  rock 
Ten  pyramids  high,  down  w^ould  I  leap  to  kill  tbet. 
Or  die  myself:  what  is  for  man  to  do 
I'll  venture  on,  to  be  no  more  a  slave.  [llief 

Sap,  Tliou  sbalt.  then,  be  no  slave,  for  I  will  asl 
I'pon  a  piece  of  work  is  lit  for  man, 
Bmve  for  n  Bnton ; — drag  that  thing  aatde. 
And  ravish  her, 

Sluiv,  And  ravish  her !  is  this  your  manly  s«fTMe ! 
A  devil  aconis  to  do  it ;  'tis  for  n  beast, 
A  villain,  not  si  man:  1  am  at  yet. 
But  half  a  sbvej  but  when  that  work  is  past, 
A  dojwnad  whole  one,  a  bhick  ugly  «Uve, 
Tlie  alnve  of  all  base  slaves:— do*t  tUvaelf.  tt^«.««- 
*Tis  drudgery  fi^for  thee,  * 

Sap,  He'»  bewitch 'd  too: 
Bind  him.  and  with  b  bastinado  give  lum 
Upon  his  naked  belly,  two  hundred  blows* 

Slave*  Thou  art  more  slave  tliiin  l. 


*' fntt  thfm  ahitit  cunt 

7AyilalU*ucfs]  L  c.  ihy  l»e»ilMiOB,  thy  drUy  • 

Ow.l  Juoj !  yo«  iw  Llik  4amtmtm  lo  Wuiio 
Yuar  bftmch  of  prwnW."  V^fm^^Brwwt, 


ScdibIL] 


THE  VIROIN  MARTYR. 


fS 


IXir.  That  pow«r  mipOTiial,  on  whom  wmtM  my 
Is  captain  o'er  mj  chasdty.-  [•oui* 

Amiom.  Good  sir,  gire  o'er : 
The  more  joa  wrcmff  her,  joaraeirs  rez'd,  the  more. 

Sap,  Plagues  light  on  her  and  thee ! — dins  down 
I  throw 
Thr  hariot,  tfaos  hy  the  hair  nail  her  to  earth. 
CaU  in  ten  alaves/let  ererj  one  diaoorer 
What  Inst  desires,  and  snmtt  here  his  filL ' 
Call  in  ten  slaTss. 

Mat*,  They  are  come  sir,  at  yoor  ealL 

&ip.  Oh,oh!  [Fotti 

TinJtir  Tbiopbilus. 

Theofik.  Whare  is  the  goyemorl 

^Mfon.  There's  my  wretched  &ther. 

Thmpk.  Mj  lofd  Sapritins— 4ie't  not  dead!- 
Tbat  wHch  there [lord' 

AmUm.  Tis  no  Roman  gods  oan  strike 
Tbma&  fiBarfnl  terrora.    O,  thon  happy  maid, 
Fomra  this  wicked  purpose  of  my  Either. 

Ar.  I  do. 

Tkaaph,  Gone,  gone ;  he's  peppered.    It  is  thon 
Umat  done'  this  act  infernal. 

]l>ar.  Uearen  pardon  you  I 
And  if  my  wrongs  from  thence  puU  yengeance  down, 
/I  can  no  mirage  work)  jret,  from  my  aoul, 
Prmy  to  those  powers  I  serre,  he  msj  recorer. 

neoph.  He  stirs— help,  raise  him  up, — my  lord ! 

Sap.  Where  am  It 

Theaph.  One  cheek  is  hkated. 

Sap,  BhMted!  whore's  the  lamia  t 
Xfaat  tears n^  entrails?  I'mhewitch'd;  seiieonher. 

J}ar.  I'm  nere;  do  what  you  please. 

Tftstfpfc.  Spurn  her  to  the  bar.  [we  are. 

Dor,  Come,  boy,  being  there,  more  near  to  hearen 

Sapm  Kick  harder;  go  out  witch!  lExewnL 

Anton,  O  bloody  hangmen  f  Thine  own  gods  gire 
thee  breath! 
Each  of  thy  tortures  in  my  seyeral  death.         lExit 


SCENE  IL— ii  PuhUa  Sfuan. 
Eater  HAAPAXr  HiacnTs,  and  Spwoius. 

Harp,  Doyoulikemy  seryieenowlsay,  amnoti 
A  master  worth  attendance  T 

Spnn,  Attendance!  I  had  rather  lick  dean  the 
■olea  <»f  yoor  dirty  boots,  than  wear  the  richest  suit 
of  any  infected  lora,  whose  rotten  life  hangs  between 
tbe  twopolee, 

Hir,  A  lord's  suit!  I  would  not  gire  up  the  doak 
of  joor  service,  to  meet  the  spliyfbot  estate  of  any 
left-eyed  knight  abore  the  antipodes;  because  they 
■re  nnlucW  to  meet. 

Harp,  Ijus  dsf  111  try  your  loyes  to  me ;  'tisonly 
But  well  to  use  the  sgihty  of  your  arms 

Spun,  Or  legs,  I  am  lusty  st  them. 

Hir,  Or  any  other  member  that  has  no  legs. 

Spmi,  Thonlt  run  into  some  hole. 

Hhr,  If  I  meet  one   that's  more  than  my  match, 

end  that  I  cannot  stand  in  their  hands,  I  must  and 

will  creep  on  my  knees.  [me, 

I        Harp,  Hear  me,  my  little  team  of  yiUians,  hear 

I  cannot  teach  yon  fencing  with  these  cudgels, 

,  fte.1   The  old  copiet  give  this 
lidwcTer,  to  palpftbl«  u  error,  that 
have  in6wtaced 


*  Mac.  Thagan  emm, 
■pccch  to  Asttlo :  It  te,  lio^ 
tbc    eacadedoa  which    I 

^%E!aim,Ua. 


Yet  you  must  use  them ;  lay  them  on  but  soundly ; 
That's  aU. 


Hir,  Nay,  if  we  codm  to  mauling  once,  pah  ! 

Span,  But  what  walnut-tree  is  it  we  must  beat  ? 

Harp,  Your  mistress. 

Hir,  How!  my  mistress)  I  begin  to  hare  a 
Christian's  heart  made  of  sweet  butter,  I  melt ;  I 
cannot  strike  a  woman. 

Spun,  Nor  I,  unless  she  scratch ;  bum  my  mis- 
trees ! 

Harp,  You're  coxcombs,  silly  snimals. 

Hir,  What's  that  t  [thrust 

Harp,  Drones,  ssses,  blinded  moles,  that  dare  not 
Your  arms  out  to  catch  fortune  ;  say,  you  fidl  off. 
It  must  be  done.    You  are  conrerted  rascals. 
And,  that  once  sproad  abroad,  why  every  alave 
Will  kick  you,  call  you  motley  Christians, 
And  half-4ced  Chnsdsns. 

Spun,  The  guts  of  my  oonscience  begin  to  be  of 
whitleather. 

Hir,  I  doubt  me,  I  shsll  haye  no  sweet  butter  in 
me.  [meet. 

Harp,  Deny  this,  and  each  pagan*  idiom  you 
Shall  forked  nngera  thrust  into  your  eye»» 

tiir.  If  we  be  cuckolds.  [to^ 

Harp,  Do  this,  and  every  god  the  Gentiles  bow 
Shall  add  a  fiithom  to  your  Ime  otjmn. 

Spun,  A  hundred  &thom,  I  desire  no  more. 

Hir,  I  desire  but  one  inch  longer. 

Harp,  The  senaton  will,  as  you  pass  alone. 
Clap  you  upon  jorxr  shoulden  with  this  hand. 
And  with  ttiis  give  you  gold :  when  you  are  dead, 
Happy  that  man  sludl  be,  can  set  a  nail. 
The  paring, — nay,  the  dht  under  the  n^, 
Of  any  of  you  both,  to  say,  this  dirt 
fielong'd  to  Spuoffius  or  Uircius. 

Spun,  They  shul  not  want  dirt  under  my  nails,  I 
will  keep  them  long  of  purpose,  for  now  my  lingers 
itch  to  be  at  her. 

Hir,  The  first  thing  I  do,  111  take  her  oyer  the 
lips. 

Spun,  And  I  the  hips,^-we  may  strike  any  wherel 

Harp,  Yes,  any  where. 

Hir,  Then  I  know  where  111  hit  her. 

Harp,  Prosper,  and  be  mine  own;  stand  by,  I 
must  not 
To  see  this  done,  great  business  calls  me  hence  : 
He's  made  can  make  her  curse  his  violence.     [£rit 

Spun,  Fear  it  not,  sir ;  her  ribs  shall  be  basted. 

Hir,  111  come  upon  her  with  rounce,  robble-hob- 
ble,  and  thwick-thwack  thiriery  bouncing. 

Enter  Dorothia,  kd  priaoner;  Sapiutius,  Theophi- 
LU8,  Anoelo,  and  a  Hangtnan,  who  tett  up  a  Pillar ; 
SAPRrnus  and  Theophilus  iit;  Anoslo  tUtud*  by 
Dorothia.    A  Guard  attending. 

Sap,  According  to  our  Roman  customs,  bind  that 
Christian  to  a  pillar. 

Theoph,  Infernal  Furies, 
Could  they  into  my  hand  thrust  all  their  whips 
To  tear  thy  flesh,  thy  soul,  'tis  not  a  torture 
Fit  to  the  vengeance  I  should  heap  on  thee. 
For  wrongs  done  me ;  me  !  for  flagitious  iikcts. 
By  thee  £me  to  our  gods  :  yet,  so  it  stand 
To  great  Cesarea's  governor's  high  pleasure, 
Bow  but  thy  knee  to  Jupiter,  and  offiar 

•  and  etch  jm^km.]    So  the  flrtt  two  qnartoe,  the 

lait  readt  Mwry  .•  which,  as  It  man  the  vene,  to  followed  by 
ra  ediion.   [  Omitted  in  Edit.  18lt.]— £d. 


Any  slig-ht  nicrfAee»  or  do  but  swear 
By  Cicsar'si  fortune,  und be  free. 

Sap.  Thou  sbnlt. 

Dor.  Nut  for  all  Ccskt'b  fortune,  wfra  it  chiiin*d 
To  more  worlds  tbau  are  kin^omfi  iu  the  world. 
And  all  tlios«  world  §  drevi,*n  nfter  him.     I  defy 
\'o«f  hBn^^Tlen  ;  you  now  show  me  wbillier  to  fly. 

Sap,  Are  her  tormentors  ready  I 

i4n^.  Shrink  not,  denr  mistrsu* 

.Spun  aftd  Hir*  My  lord,   we  are  reody  for  the 
business, 

Ditr.  You  two  !  whom  I  like  fostered  children  fed, 
And  lengthen 'd  out  your  aturred  life  with  hread  : 
You  be  my  hangmen  !  whom,  when  up  the  ladder 
Z>eath  haled  you  lo  he  stnmgled,  I  fetdi'd  down, 
Clothed  you,  and  wann'd  you,  you  two  my  tormen- 

Both,  Yes,  we,  [tore  ! 

Dtfr.  Divine  Powera  pardon  you*  I 

Sap,  Strike. 

[TAey  ttrike  ai  Iwr.  Anoelo  kneeling  kelda  kerfast^ 

Thtdph,  Bent  out  her  liniina. 

Dar,  Receive  me.  you  bright  angels  ! 

Sap,   Faster,  aliivea. 

Spun.  Fuster  I  I  flm  out  of  breath,  I  am  sure  ;  if  1 
were  to  beat  a  buck  ft  I  can  alrike  no  harder. 

If  It.  O  mine  arma !  I  cannot  lift  them  to  my  he«d. 

Dfvr,  Joy  above  joya  !  are  my  tormentora  weary 
In  tor  tump  me,  and,  in  ray  suflerings, 
I  fain  tin  )^  in  do  limb  !  tyrants,  strike  borne, 
And  feast  your  fury  fulU 

Thtophm  These  dogs  are  curs, 

[Comes from  hti  seat. 
Which  snarl,  yet  bite  not.     8ee,  my  lord,  her  face 
Has  more  bewitching  beauty  than  before  : 
Proud  whoro,  it  amtlefl  1 1  cannot  an  eye  a^irt  out 
With  these! 

Hir,  No,  sir,  nor  the  bridge  of  her  nose  hU ;  *tia 
full  of  iron  work,  [feit 

Sop.  Let*s  view  the  cudgels,  are  th«y  not  counter- 
Jng,  There    fix    thine   eye  ali)l;-^tby   glorious 
crown  rou«it  come 
Not  from  soft  pleasure,  but  by  martyrtlom. 
There  fix  thiiie  fye  atill  ; — wlu'n  wi*  neit  do  meet, 
Not  thorn  a,  but  roaes*  ahull  bear  up  thy  feet  : 
There  fix  thin©  ey«  still,  [£jrit. 

Enter  Hah  pax  tntakitig. 
Dor*  Ever,  ever,  over  1 

TkM/ph^  We're  mock'd  ;  theae  b*t»  have  power  to 
foil  down  gianta, 
Yet  her  skin  ia  not  scarred. 
Sttp.  What  ro^es  are  theae  ? 
Thmph.  Cannot  theae  force  a  aliriek  T 

[Bmt9  SptingiuM, 
Spun,  Oh!  a  woman  haa  one  of  my  riba,  and  now 
five  more  are  broken. 

Thttfph^  Cannot  tbia  make  iter  nmr  f 

[Hisiti  Hrrcim  ;  ht  roaru 
Sap.  Who  hired  theae  ahivea  I  what  are  they  ? 


Dor.  Divinr  Pmirrt  pardmt  \xm]  I  know  ftot  wbctber 
hvtniidvertaiici'cir  tlpairi} ;  biil  M.  M««(Mt,  In  (ippotitiuii  Hj 
ill  thr  eiliiioni,  rvmtU,  IJiriiw  Potofr^  parivmtnel 

f  //  /  ttvrrr  to  beat  a  tMick.  /  oxn  ttrik*  m»  Aumifr.]  To 
^tri-  I. .»...--.  -.J*,  ♦♦  i$  to  winh  clnthr*.**  ThU  ti  tut  « 
J"'  n  of  iUc  temi  ;  lo  j^woA  h  tn  w#«!>  cl*^l34<<>  b> 

*")  *  »inooth  itonr,  and  iK'niing   tJneni  wiib  a 

iKJik  i.niivi.'u  ,ii  the  eivU 

1  frmid  tfihoTf,  it  mntli^  f]  So  fhc  «*fJ  rooJw  ;  ilw  modern 
•mioirareM),  «hr  mftilt$.  In  «vcrj  p«gv,  iu4  utmost  iit  rvrrj- 
■pvadi,  I  Mvf  hMj  lu  rvimnn:  tkcav  liu^aary  lra|in>v«in«ate 
ortkc  lailior'tplitaicolAgy.  ' 


Spvn.  We  aerve  that  noble  gentlanran* 
emticetl  us  to  this  dry  beating :  oh !  for  a 

Harp,  Mj  serrasta !  two  bato  ro^ea,  ami  I 
timeserranta 
To  her,  and  for  that  cause  forbear  to  burt  her. 

Sap*  Unbind  hpr,  hang  up  iheae. 

Theoph,  Hang  tlie  two  hounds  on  tb^nezt  In 

//tr.  Hang  us!    master  Harpax,   wbat  a  detikl 
shall  we  be  thus  used  ?  [a  wol 

Harp.  What  bandogs  but  you  two  would  Wi 
Your  mistress  ?  I  but  clapt  yxju,  you  fiew  on* 
Say  I  should  get  your  livee,  each  rascal  beggar 
Would,  when  he  met  you,  cry  out  Hdl-hotrndi!  I 

traitors ! 
Sjiit  at  you,  fling  dirt  at  you;  and  no  woman 
Ever  endure  your  sight :  'tis  your  best  couraa 
Now,  hnd  you  secret  knives,  to  stab  yoursalras; 
But,  since  you  have  not,  go  and  be  lumg'd. 

Hir*  I  thank  you. 

/ftirp.  Tia  your  best  course. 

Thetff^  Why  atay  they  trifling  here  ? 
To  fh'  gallows  drag  tliem  by  the  heels  ; — awmy* 

Smm,  By  the  heels  I  no,  air,  we  hav^e  lega  to  do  I 
us  that  service. 

//<>.  Ay,  ay,  if  no  woman  can  endure  my  «fk,  I 
away  with  me. 

ihrp,  DiKptttch  them. 

Spuih  111*?  dpvil  dispatch  thee  1 

[Eifuni  Guard  iritk  Spunj^Ht  and  HfrfiaL  j 

Sap.  Death  this  day  rides  in  triumph,  Tbeopluliic 
See  thia  witch  mode  away  toa 

Thfoph,  My  Houl  thirsts  for  it. 
Comt*,  1  mvself  tin*  hangman^s  part  could  play* 

Dor,  O  fm:<}tt*  me  to  my  conouatioa  day  { 

SCENE  lilt*— T^  P(^c«  ef  ^^cutimu    A  ttmghU, 
blitckt  j^c. 

Enter  Aktokikvb,  liAOLomB,  and  BntWDtm 

Anton,  la  this  tho  place  where  virtue  ia  tomiflir» 
And  heflvenlv  beauty  leaving  tliia  base  e«rtb, 
To  make  a  glad  return  from  whence  it  came  7 
Is  it,  Macrinus? 

Mac,  IJy  this  preparation, 
You  well  may  rest  assured  that  Dorothea 
Thia  hour  ia  to  die  hi«re. 

AnUm,  Then  widi  her  dies 
Tim  (ibi»tract  of  all  sweetness  that*s  in  womim ! 
Set  me  down,  friend,  that»  ere  the  iron  hand 
Of  death  close  up  mioe  eyes^  they  may  at  ooee 
Take  my  last  leave  both  of  this  bgbt  and  her: 
For,  Mhe  being  gone,  the  glorious  aun  himaelf 
To  me's  Cimmerian  darkness. 

Mac,  Strange  a€eGtion| ! 

*  Spun.  n«  Nrrv«  thai  nohlt  ffmttmmm,  «tc]  J^U  l*«t 
lectjofl  of  the  firsii  qnartu.  The  ruwlrrti  etUtuni  foUow  iIm 
otht'Ts,  whkti  incf»rrt.ctJy  read,  W  c  atrv'd,  &c* 

f  Prufn  lieticL-,  ttt  \hv  ronrla«i*Mi  ot  ihe  4Ct,  T  rrcOfpdM 
Ibe  liABd  of  M«i#lni!er.  Tli?rv  mny  br  (■ad  pmlNiM;  snel 
fiaer  psissgei  lo  our  dramftUc  poet»,  but  I  am  uot  ac<|aalHled 
mi  Lb  them. 

t  Mac.    Strange  affiictitm  T 

Vupid  once  more  hath  changtd  hheh*iffM  trilA.  IhnotKt 

And  kilt*,  iiulhnd  ^sfivtnjf  lift.]  Tliio  in  «  m.^  b»nCl- 
fal  Allu»ioD  to  a  liltie  po«'m  nmonK  Ihr  ICie^/ira  <af  Jir^attdma. 
Ciiplrl  fliir)  Di-nlb  unUtf  in  llu  ctrrtrm-rioD  uf  «  luver,  nniX  in 
riKlciiYtmriiii;  to  recover  lltt-lr  wmpcitt*  fmrtt  Ibe  boi1)p  tsi( 
Ihr  vi dim,  commit  a  mutual  inil«lJiki'tt'Jkch  plockinf  Aut  the 
**  «fmn*"  *'t  ihc  oihcr.  Tli«  coaBequi-acci  of  thi»  trc  prtii 
IlI>'  dc*cjr|bvr| : 

Miuia  p«regrln«f  tparsiinter  VII Inert  nrrvb, 
ht  inatias  igootu  ticvii  utricititic  maU>* 


ur.j 


THE  VIRGIN -MARTYR, 


i1 


iloIU. 


i 


i  bfttli  «h&agficl  UU  ihftfU  vritli  Death, 

id  of  g:iviiig  hh* 
jlfiCHk  N>jr,  wtwp  not ; 
Tlioia^  tpon  of  frieiiiU1ii|i  \m  ■  toyemgn  balm. 
On  m»  ibtj'w  cut  twvjr.     It  U  decrpcNT 
Tliat  I  mist  ill*  with  li«r  i  our  clue  of  life 

Mmc.  Ywt,  air,  *ti«  ray  wonder, 
TMt  voii,  who,  hearing  only  whnt  tthe  suffers, 
Psrtu«  of  tU  her  toiturra,  yet  will  be. 
To  tM  to  four  cmlamitj,  on  eyewita<;s9 
Of  b«r  bst  tTSfk  seoaiT,  wbidi  must  juerce  deeper*, 
Aftd  »ik«  th*  wound  mor*  doapente. 

Amtam*  Ob«  Macnnui! 
T would  tinier  out  my  tfirmeotA  eUo,  not  kill  me, 
WLich  u  the  end  I  uim  at :  being  to  die  too, 
Wbml  instniment  more  ^loriotu  eon  I  wish  for, 
Tban  wfast  »•  mtdrn  sbvp  bj  my  constant  love 
Aod  era*  ■fl^Ktion  ?  It  mar  be,  the  duty 
And  loyal  service,  with  which  I  {tur«i]ed  her, 
And  iH«]'d  it  with  my  death,  will  be  remember'd 
Amumi^  ber  bleseed  mctioaa  j  and  what  honour 
Can  I  deatn  btfjood  it ! 

EiUrr  a  Gward,  brimgmg  in  DoxomttLA,  a  ffmdtman 
htfare   ker ;  foUowtd   fry    TB£OFHtLVS»   SAPmrriuA, 

Bee*  aba  oomes ; 
How  vwaat  bcEr  innooaiee  ■ppearsl  mora  like 
To  hcftvcii  ttnlf*  than  any  Ncrifioe 
Hbm  OB  be  ofer'd  to  it.    By  my  hopea 
Of  joys  beraiAer,  the  aigbt  makes  me  doubtful 
In  BJ  belief;  nor  can  I  think  our  godn 
Aro  Mod,  or  to  be  aenred,  that  Uke  delight 
l«  mbrip^  of  this  kind ;  that,  to  maintntn 
TWr  power*  dtlaoe  tba  master-piece  of  nntare, 
Wbieb  IImj  themaelrea  come  abort  of.    She  ascendSj 
And  evctr  etep  imiaea  ber  nearer  heav^en. 
Wbet  goQ  aoe  er  tlwu  art,  that  must  enjoy  her, 
IWoeire  ta  bar  a  boundlesa  happiDess ! 

Sap,  You  are  to  blame 
To  tctc  him  come  abrtnd. 

Mac,  It  was  his  will; 
And  w«  wefN  left  to  aerre  him,  not  command  him. 

Amian,  Good  sir,  be  not  oJKsnded ;  nor  deny 
Mr  laaC  of  jpleaaurea  in  this  happy  object, 
Tbet  I  ahtU  aVr  be  blost  with, 

TktBfL  Kow,  proud  contemner 
Of  M»  nd  of  our  gods,  tremble  to  think 
It  ii  O0t  fai  the  Power  tbou  serr'st  to  tare  thee. 
Kot  att  iha  rielue  of  the  aea,  moreased 
llr  rinhit  thlpwrfeka.  Tif>r  tbf«  tiasearcb'd  mines 
/MMnMMi*i  anknowf  ^\  (dioll  redeem  tb^. 

Aoit^  tlwrafore»  harir  '  horror  weigh 'd 

WImI  *tia  10  die,  ami  v-;  u>  part  with 

An  fJ— arw  and  drl  s,  togo 

Wltfn  an  anttpc^ye^  ^  dwells 

Furitv  bwbtod,  about  thoe,  and  balbfe  tbee^ 
A»cl.  to  ifld  trt  sfPltriimi,  the  remembnuiee 


1-1  d«miui, 
I  'se  maud* ; 


a- 


Hie  Aibl^ 
)'<^n  Mgitui, 
iite]t|iie  ouviun. 

ktM  w  i^rnn     '.'I  T y...,.  ^..  McirarvU  In  irr  iitfi ; 

Kz  mo  m^*€r^n  lul  dinlil  iJlr  Heel,         Lib,  tt.  Etcf. «. 

«*Jli4M  MMtfl  plirrer  ilri'per.lj  Su  tbr  6ii»l  c<litiout. 

fflMfto    l<Mll,  ir««il<,  la  d«a«a««or  intire.— wtLkJi  mMl 
ii»y^   pitrfv,  aad  It  fbllowcil  by  CoMrlrr  awl    M. 


Of  the  Elysian  jova  thou  mighl*it  have  tasted, 
I fadst  thou  not  tuni'd  apoatnta*  to  tlioie  goda 
That  io  reward  th«ir  ^erirants ;  let  despair 
Prerent  the  hangman's  sword  and  on  this  scaffold 
Make  ihy  first  entrance  into  hell. 

Ant(m.  She  fmiles 
IFnmoved,  by  Mars!  sa  if  she  were  asaored 
Death,  loobng  on  her  constancy,  would  forget 
The  use  of  his  inevitable  hand. 

Th*oph*  Derided  too  f  disputcb,  I  say. 

Dor,  Thou  fool ! 
That  gloriest  in  hadng  power  to  rariafa 
A  trifle  from  me  I  am  weary  of: 
HTiBt  is  this  life  to  me^  not  worth  a  thought} 
Or,  if  it  be  esteem'd,  *ti»  that  I  lose  it 
To  win  a  belter :  eri*n  thy  maltoe  aerrea 
To  me  but  as  a  ladder  to  mount  up 
To  such  a  height  of  happiness,  where  I  shall 
Look  down  with  scorn  on  thee,  and  on  the  world  ; 
Where,  circled  with  true  pleasures,  pbused  aboro 
Th©  reach  of  deatb  or  time,  'twill  be  my  ^ory 
To  think  at  what  an  easy  price  I  bought  »t. 
There*!  a  perpetual  spring,  perpetual  youth  . 
No  joiQt-benumbing  cold,  or  scorching  heat, 
Famine,  nor  age,  haref  any  being  there. 
Forget,  for  shame,  your  lempo;  bury  in 
Obhrion  your  feign'd  Hesperian  orcfmrda:-— > 
The  golden  fmit,  kept  by  ll»e  watchful  dragon, 
WTiich  did  require  a  Hercules  to  Ejeti  it, 
Carapared  with  what  grows  in  all  plenty  ther?. 
Desen-es  not  to  be  named,     TIjg  Power  1  serve, 
Laughs  at  your  happy  Araby,  or  the 
Klyiiiiin  ahades,  for  he  linth  made  his  bowers 
Better  in  th^etl,  llitin  you  can  fancy  yours. 

Anian,  U,  take  me  thither  with  you  S 

Dcrr,  Trace  my  steps. 
And  he  assured  you  shall. 

Sap,  With  my  own  bands 
lUl  mtber  stop  that  little  breeCb  is  left  cbee. 
And  rob  thy  killing  ferer. 

Theaph,  By  no  means  i 
Let  him  go  with  ber :  do,  seduced  young  mnn 
And  wait  upon  thy  saint  in  death ;  do,  do : 
And,  when  you  come  to  that  imagined  place. 
That  place  of  all  delights — ^pray  you,  obserre  me, 
And  meet  those  curbed  things  1  once  called  Daugbtoi^ 
Whom  I  have  sent  as  harbingen  before  you  ; 

*  Madtt  them  mat  turn'd  apoMats  t»  ik^am  ffoda.]  Oar  old 
wriiprt  nsnally  mM,  apaafaM,  tfAftta,  Ac.  whvrv  wc  now 
uy,  ape^tttit,  atatfit,  Htaia^er't  ciWUtrt,  howevf  r,  «vIki 
wt.'r«  igDonuit  alike  of  bb  IrnDKiixgc  aod  tibat  of  hU  crjatcrn- 
porartc«,  reaolufrJy  p«niit  In  madtmitiag  him  tiptta  all  oc- 
caaiuoi:  tliey  md,  avoafdle  / 

f  luTc  amg  M>9ff  tkart,]    Here  af  ain,  the  mutlrnt 

editors  follow  thv  mbcnblc    qaarlo  of  IQOI,  twi  taineiy 
read-lu*lBf  «»  *elii»  |A<T*.— lW»ni"wJ  litecJiL  1813.] 

:  tVhieh  did  rv^lrw  a  Ilrrcttlet  to  fei  it.\  The  inudern 
cdltiirv  nrad,  f<»  g«ard  it.  Thi«  {IvvijUiixi  from  ihc  'jJdcopiea 
U  at  Ih^^  txjwnw;  of  »etHM?.  It  was  ihe  ■Irae'Lvn  wbikh  jrvmM 
It:  lite  obji'ct  of  Hemile»  wai  t&  i/nt  it.  hi  alinoit  every 
•pcptb  MtfKBknevr  ii  Ihua  injared  by  carcksMiis*  <*r  ieiao- 
r4ncc.  Ir  i»  tht  more  liti<]icn»ablc  bcr«,  *•  Ibc  very  •nme 
cxiirtfiilMM  I*  *•»  b«  founA  \u  ths  Emperor  (^fffw  Etut, 

Thi«  btTAMilful  d«*criptia«i  t4  ElyBianip  a«  Mr,  Gilchrift 
ul>*crve»  Iti  mv,  lias  been  imitatrd  by  Nabbct,  In  Uiat  very 
pH'tic  Hii,i|wocl/,  MicrwroratM:  taam  uf  lh«  lunri  may  be 
j^ivrn  ■'. 

**  CoW  there  roinpela  da  um  of  ra^%^  ftart, 
Nor  m4k<-«  iKr  niMiBtslns  1»an«B  ;  tbatv'aao  doa 
To  ra«r,  and  Moivh  ilM  Und.    Sprlsf '•  alwiyi  there, 
And  paiDit  the  ralkyA :  whilat  a  towpcnrc  %\w 
Sweept  Ibilr  vnibfxiklvr'd  faca  wtlli  blf  caH'd  |a^ 
And  bccatbe*  p^rfmnn  :— ibcrc  wti^i  dota  iMveT  tpttaA 
H«r  eboo  *la?»  :  bot  day  II Rht'v  always  '*i«rc. 
Jtiid  eae  liU*l  •caaoa  cronrtu  tb«  clrrnal  )rvr/' 


f6 


THE  VraOIN^ARTVR- 


[AfT  U\\ 


I r  there  be  any  traih  in  your  religttm, 
111  thiuikfulness  to  me,  that  with  caro  hasten 
Your  journey  thithor,  pray  you  send  me  some 
Smnll  pitlamce  of  that  cunouA  fruit  you  boast  of. 

AnUfn.  Gnuit  that  I  may  ^o  with  her,  and  I  will. 

S<ip.  Wilt  thou  in  tliy  last  mioute  doom  thy  self? 

Theopk.  Th^  ^lea  to  hell  are  open. 

Dor,  Know^  tiiou  tyrant, 
Tht>u  ngent  for  the  devil,  tliy  great  master. 
Though  ihou  art  moat  unworthy  to  taate  of  it, 
I  eon,  md  wilL 

Enter  Anoelo,  in  tht  AngePM  habit. '^ 

Uarp,  Oh !  mountains  f»ll  upon  ine» 
Or  hide  me  in  the  bottom  of  the  doepp 
Where  light  may  never  find  niel 

Tkmph.  \\Tiat's  Uie  matter? 

Sap,  This  ia  prodipious»  and  confimu  her  witcli- 

Thetjph.  Harpftx,  my  IJAr|jax,8peak!  [craft. 

Uarp.   I  dare  not  slay ; 
Should  I  but  bear  her  once  more,  X  were  lost 
^ome  whirlwind  snatch  me  from  tliia  curaed  place, 
To  which  compared  (and  with  what  1  now  Buffer), 
Ilell'a  torments  are  aweet  slumbers!  \Exti, 

Sap.  FoHow  him, 

Throph.  lie  h  diatmcted,  and  I  muAt  not  lose  him. 
Thy  charms  upon  my  aervant,  cursed  witch, 
tiive  tJiee  a  abort  reprieve.     Let  h^r  not  die 
Till  my  return,  [Eieunt  Sap,  and  TheapL 

AnUm*  Sb«  minds  him  not:  what  object 
fa  her  eye  fiz'd  on  ? 

Mac.  I  aee  nothing. 

AntoH.  Markber. 

Dor,  ThoQ  glorious  minister  of  the  Power  I  lerve 

iFor  thou  art  more  than  mortal),  ia*t  for  me, 
'oor  Biooer,  thou  art  pleaseti  awhile  to  lenvo 
Tby  heavenly  habitation,  and  vouchitafiBilj 
Though  glorified,  to  take  my  aeriraut's  LjJ>it! — - 
For,  put  off  thy  diTinity,  po  looked 
My  lovely  Ang-elo. 

Ang.  Know,  I  am  the  same ; 
And  atill  tlie  servant  to  your  piety* 
Vour  zealous  prayers,  and  pious  deeds  first  won  me 
(6ut  'tvtaa  hy  His    command  to  whom  you  »ent 
To  guide  your  steps.     I  tried  your  charity,     [them. 
When  in  a  beggar  a  ahane  you  took  me  up, 
And  clothed  my  naked  limbs,  and  afkfi  fed, 
As  you  believed,  my  famiiihM  mouth.     Learu  all, 
Hy  v<)ur  example,  to  look  on  the  poor 
With  gentle  eyes!  for  in  such  hebits,  often. 
Angels  desire  an  alms  t*     I  never  lelt  you. 
Nor  will  I  now ;  for  I  am  seut  to  cwrry 
Vour  pure  and  innonr'ent  soul  to  joys  eternal, 
Your  raftrtvrdom  once  sufier'd  ;  and  belbre  it, 
Aak  any  thing  from  me,  and  rest  asaured, 
Vo4i  ali&U  obtain  it. 


•  EMi^  Xtiauijo  in  the  AtujeVt  hnbll,  arc]  II  Appcan  ilmi 
4Be^to  ^up  ti«t  mtnul  lo  Im;  *Hp<;n  or  htsnt  tij^  any  *if  flic 
(H'Mjil^^  nn-sf'iit,  but  U^irotlie^,  In  the  Inveumry  ui  ilw  L<»nl 
Atlmtiitr*  pni|Nirtl<»,  jivtri  by  Mr  MalMni  J«i^  *' a  rw.bc  fur 
lo  cue  in\ uHxU."  tt  wai  |)rub^bly  uf  n  \\%h\  %aMty  lca.lur«!, 
iiKl  AfliHTflcrl  j«  Hiiflicirni  bmt  lu  utir  e<*cid  n«urcU  afu»iton, 
not  lo  ice  ib«  chftfuclcr  liivu»lct1  with  il. 

f  I„enm  nit* 

Bit  MP*^  eJFamtfte  In  look  tm  the  poor 

WUh  gmtfe  tfVft  /  for  in  auch  kabit*.  q/tm, 

AnytU  d^T*  an  a/MM.]    '*  Re   not  rnrgrrfal  to  rnti'rtafn 

ftraocer*;  for  ihrrrby    »c*iii4^   have  rntcrlainco   nni^fls    nn- 

awvfS."    Hcb.  c.  \lli.  r.  %  Hcrv  \%  »!»>  ji  i>t<itti(kriil  aJlaikon 

10  Ilw  piirt}ii{  apcccb  of  Ittc  "  mciabli.*  archaogel  **  lo  Tuttit 


I       D^.  I  am  UiKgely  paid 
For  alt  my  torments  i  since  I  find  sucb  ^t«ci% 
Grant  that  the  love  of  tbis  young  man  to  mr, 
In  which  he  langnisbeth  Co  death,  may  be 
Chan^e<l  to  the  love  of  heaven. 

A  fig,    I  will  p#«rform  it ; 
And  in  tbiit  inntant  whrn  the  swnrtl  seta  free 
Your  happy  soul,  hiA  shall  have  Ubertf. 
ts  there  aught  else  ! 

[kir.  For  proof  that  I  forgive 
My  persecutor,  who  in  scorn  desired 
To  taste  of  that  most  sacred  fruit  I  go  U» ; 
Afbr  my  death,  as  seut  from  me,  be  pJeasad 
To  give  him  of  it. 

Ang,  Willingly,  dfliar  mistiesi* 

Mac.  I  nm  amaaed. 

AnUtn,  I  feel  a  holy  fire, 
That  yields  a  comfortable  heat  within  me; 
]  am  ouite  alter'd  from  the  thing  I  was, 
8ee  !  1  can  stand,  and  go  alone;  tlius  kneel 
To , heavenly  Dorothea,  touch  her  hand 
With  a  religious  kiss.  [ITaMilii^. 

Rg-enttr  SApamf  a  and  TiiEOPStLua* 

Sap,  He  ta  well  now, 
But  will  not  be  drawn  baclc 

Theflph.  It  matters  not, 
Wv  can  discharge  this  work  witboat  bis  help. 
But  see  your  sou. 

Snp,  \  illain  ! 

Anton,  Sir,  I  beaeecb  you. 
Being  so  near  our  ends,  diroroe  us  not, 

Thfopk,  Vl\  quickly  make  a  separation  of  then : 
Host  thou  atigbt  else  to  say  ? 

Dor.  Nothing,  but  to  blanie 
Tby  tardine^  in  n^ndine  me  to  reet ; 
My  peace  is  made  with  heaven,  to  which  my  anal 
iWgma  to  take  her  flight  :  strike,  O !  strike  qutnUy , 
And,  though  yuu  are  unmoved  to  see  my  deutb. 
Hereafter,  when  my  story  shall  he  read, 
As  thpy  were  present  now,  the  hearers  shall 
B&y  this  of  Dorothea,  with  wet  eyes. 
She  lived  a  vij^in,  and  a  virgin  (lies. 

[Her  heiui  §trufk  9f* 

Anton,  O,  take  my  soul  nlong,  to  wait  on  tbine  \ 

Mac,  Your  son  sinks  too  {^ATiLmiwu  tmk^ 

Sap,  Already  dead  I 

Tkfoph,  Die  all 
nint  are,  or  favour  tbia  accuraed  •  sect : 
1  trinrnjih  in  their  ende.  and  will  raise  up 
A  hill  of  ilieir  dead  carcasses,  to  o  erlook 
The  PyTenean  billg,  bwt  111  root  out 
These  au{>er<ititious  fools,  and  leeve  the  world 
No  name  of  Chriatiaa. 

[Loud  music:     Exit  Angela,  hmmig  fint  Utid  hit 
hand  upon  die  motuht*^'  Anton,  mtd  Dvr, 

Sap,  Ha!  heavenly  music  ! 

Maf,  'Tia  in  the  air. 

Thtifpk,  Illusions  of  the  devil. 
Wrought  by  some  witch  of  her  religion, 
Thni  fam  would  make  her  death  a  miracle: 
It  frights  not  mu.     Because  he  is  your  soo^ 
Let  him  have  bunal,  but  let  ber  body 
Be  cast  forth  with  eanlempt  in  some  highway. 
And  be  to  vultures  and  to  dogs  a  prey.         lEgtumU 

*  7*hut  tire,  m-  fmnmr  this  accurwd  met :}  So  tli«  old 
copici:  ilie  ntcMirm  cdlton,  to  lutapr  the  text  lo  fheir  own 
U\e»»  of  wccumcytrtna:  7%jt  art  M,  or  favour,  Ac.  h*i 
then?  |«  (h.  nf  Ft*  uf  attrratiitn  ;  iht«  im-wle  tti  e^pret«u>D  rrean 
prrpetiially  ;  add  loo,  iliat  (Jiv  inlvfuoUlton  destroya  Iks 
metre,  '     ^ 


I J 


THE  llRGIN-MARTVIt 


f? 


ACT  V. 


I 


i 


i 


I  SCENE  1, — TstOPBiLv^  di$eoiifrediHhiiStudif:  booki 
o&mit  Aim. 

Tlioyk  r«t  bolid^,  O  Csiar.  thiit  ihy  senruil, 
Thf  pTOfiMt,  to  9t%  «x«eution  dona 
On  MM  liM  Clmaliuit  in  Cssorea, 
Sbovld  DOW  want  work  ?  Sleep  these  idolaters, 
Thai  ocoe  tre  stirriiig? — A*  9.  cimoii«  painter, 
When  he  has  nMde  some  honourable  piece, 
StaocLa  off,  sod  wish  a  aearching^  eye  examines 
Each  colour  bow  'tis  sweetenM :  and  then  hu^ 
Hxmaelf  for  bis  nire  worlrtntinHihip — so  hen 
Will  I  Dj  drollenes,  and  Moody  limd^capea. 
Lav  p>st  wrapt  up,  unfold,  to  make  me  naenj 
Wioi  ahadowi,  now  I  w  jint  the  subetanoes. 
My  SBBJier-book  of  hetl-hounds.  Were  the  Christians, 
Wboi*  names  stand  beie,  alire  and  arm'd,  not  Rome 
Coold  more  upon  Ler  hinges.     What  IVe  done. 
Or  ahdl  heraner^  is  not  out  of  hate 
To  ooor  tonMDt«d  wretches  *;  no,  I'm  carried 
With  riolaiioe  of  aeal,  and  streams  of  serrice 
I  owa  our  Romaii  ^ods.    Great  llritain, — whatt  ? 

[reads. 
A  thmtmnd  inm,  vith  brvtt  tuckiftg  their  breaits, 
Had  hat  iram  pinch  th^n  off,  and  thrtntfi  to  ticitu : 
And  Aok  thtirjUahif  back-parti^  htw'd  with  hutchrU, 
Wtn   mimctd,  and   baked   in    pies,    to   feed    ttarved 

ChriHmttM, 
Haf-.b>f 

AgaiA,  again, — East  Angeles,— oh.  East  Angles  : 
Bmmdlagti^  kepi  lAnv  tLtvi  huttf^y^  worried 
A  ihaummd  BritiA  rusaiit,  ttied  up  fat 
€ffmrpem,  9tnpf€d  maktd^  and  ditarm'd, 
I  coold  oatatsTB  a  jtur  of  bqqb  and  moons, 
To  ait  at  theaa  sweet  bull-baitings,  so  I 
Cooid  therebj  bat  one  Christian  win  to  Mt 
la  adontktt  to  my  Japitcr. — Tutlpe  hnndrrd 
J&pn  kmwi  with  ^tugra  0Nt-^h!  etrt^n  tlwuMtnd 
7«n»  hjf  wtU  toasts:  two kmtdrml  ramm'tl  in  the  ettrlh 
To  L^dmipiCa,  andfuil  ptattert  round  abmtt  them^ 
But  far  tfmtgk  for  rmehingx  :   Eat,  doga,  ha  !    ha  ! 
ha  I  [H*  rites, 

Tttsh.  an  these  tortarea  are  but  fillipingSt 
fflaahttJBga  i  I,  before  the  Destinies 

Catrr  Ajigilo  mlh  a  haiUtfUtd  vith  fruit  and 
fhiL<er§, 
My  ^wttcm  did  wind  up,  would  flesh  myself 
Cma  autre  npon  some  one  remarkable 

•  i9  mot  omi  ^f  hate 

'  vntfrAci,  ice.  \  Tkit  ix  nld  lo  di«iiociil*li 


tnma  iluf  ofSKpriHaf ,  iib<M«  eeal  i*  lodacncMl 
kj  wmtawtm  of  inirrtst,  wad  by  miny  other  coatkdentUHn, 
waieh  sppeur  lo  wcLieIi  notliiti|  wllh  Tlitr^iiHlla.i. 

*  Great  MwHaimf—ttk^  f]  Great  Briulii,  it  s  curion* 
tmmekevmimn  hmth^  QW  old  dniLinaUc  wrilerf  were  Hlllc 
lollrliMW  IB  sv«iM.  Tbe  reader  wanu  not  my  usUtaoirc  to 
dlwaivT«r  tkat  thl«  rvfgrd  nmnitkc  \*  by  Decker  :  Ituf  borrible 
itKm  ur  r«rt»,  !■  laJtitD   frtim  iht  hitturlei  of  Hwi* 


Jiify  in 

thai 
xi^t  a%r  i  <h(u  Ftctcbcr : 


;  Bmi/kf  memgh  tw  r<iofhim0  ]  For  ocmn  pcrpetttn 
tkm»  fisyt*  la  (Iw  •mie  id  frr^oenHomt  jrct  the  niodern 


lye*^' 


-  /or  Uklof  coUl." 


" Wit  ast  f«n  mt, 


HaidintheMilL 


Above  all  these*    This  Christian  slut  was  well, 

A  pretty  one  \  but  let  nucb  horror  follow 

The  next  I  feed  with  torments,  that  when  Rome 

Shall  hear  it,  her  foundation  at  the  sound 

May  feel  an  earthquake,     ifow  now  f  [>U(i»Mr. 

Ang,    Are  you  amazed,  sir? 
So  jin'ett  a  Roman  spirit — and  dotli  it  tremble* ! 

Theoph,  How  cam'st  tbo\j  to  ?  to  whom  thy  busi- 
nessp 

Ang*  To  you  r 
1  had  a  mistress,  late  sent  hence  by  yon 
ll^pon  a  bloody  ermnd  ;  yoo  entreated, 
Tnut,  when  she  came  into  that  blessed  grarden 
WhtCher  aha  knew  sb«  went,  and  wher*!,  now  hiippy, 
She  feeds  upon  all  joy,  she  would  at^ad  to  you 
Some  of  that  garden  mut  and  flowers  ;  which  here^ 
To  buv-e  her  promise  sarediare  brought  by  me« 

Theoph,  Cannot  1  see  this  garden  \ 

Ang.  Yes,  if  the  master 
Will  i^re  you  entrance?  [Hs  mnithth* 

Theiyph.  'Tis  a  tempting  frtiit. 
And  the  most  bright-cheeked  child  I  ever  view*d  ; 
Sweet  smelUng,  goodly  frnit,      What  flowers  £ire 

these  \ 
In  Dioctesion's  gardens  ;  the  most  beauteous, 
Compared  with  tbese,  nre  weeds:  is  it  not  February. 
The  BHcond  day  she  died  ?  frost,  ice,  and  snow, 
Ilfing  on  the  beard  of  winter :  where's  the  sTin 
Til  Lit  gihls  thi»  summer?  pretty,  sweet  boy,  say, 
In  what  country  shall  a  man  Bml  this  gnrden  ! — 
My  delicate  boy* — gone  \  Farii!»bed  !  witliin  there, 
Jtuianus  !  Geta!-^ 

Enter  Jvliants  and  Geta. 

Both,  My  lord. 

Theoph,  Are  my  gates  shut '. 

Geta.  And  gu^ed. 

Theoph^  Saw  you  not 
Ahoy? 

JuL  Where? 

Theoph,  Here  he  entered  j  a  younjf  bd  ', 
A  thousand  blessings  danced  upon  liis  eyes, 
A  smoothfaced,  glorious  thing,  that   brought  tlijs 
basket*. 

Gi^a.  No,  sir  ! 

Thetfph,  Away — but  be  in  reach,  if  my  voice  calla 
you.  [Ejeunt, 

No  ! — vanished,  and  not  seen  !  — Be  thou  a  spirit 
Sent  from  that  witch  to  mock  me,  I  am  sure 
This  is  essential,  and,  bow  e'er  it  grows, 
Will  taste  it.  [EatM. 

Harp,  [within*^  Ha,  ha,  ha,  ha ! 

Theof^,  So  good !  1  '11  hare  soma  more,  sure* 

Now  I  jmon  the  »utaji^ct,l«t  me  ubwrve,  that  »  ■Ifnllaral' 
n.-'raUon  h4i  been  anneceMarily  made  In  i^eridoa,  Tbe  oM 
rcadinf^  \s, 

"  And  witli  de«d  cbeekn  uh  tie  thet  lo  detlit. 
For  g«4ii«  oti  dcAih'n  tict,  wbich  iKMie  rwtot." 
"  Tills  is  corrupt/'  uya   ibe    editor,  "  I  ihlnk  it  tIbOQkl   be 
frmtt  goii)^,"  aod  fa  he  hu  printed  U ;  pUce  a  comma  ■Iter 
dt'gitl,  4ml  all  wiU  be  rigbt:   **  for  fotJil,"  I.  t,/brfear  of 
^MiniE,  Ac. 

•  Theciph.  ffrre  he  entered :  See.]  Il  may  give  the  re>ft«r 
tome  IdeJi  of  the  metrical  vkill  wlih  wbicb  Mawlttf^pr  bas 
beea  hiihc-rt»  treated,  to  priot  tbcte  liaea  ai  they  stand  io 
Coxetrr  aiid  M*  Mji»uf}  ; 

T1ir<ipU.  /M-#  he  entrt^dt  a  yomng  tad  ;  a  thoutand 

Blc9»\n^»  donv'4  upon  hioo^oo  ;  •  tmooth/uC*4 gtoriouo 

Thi»^,  thai  brtrnffht  tkia  I     *   ' 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYR. 


[ActT] 


Ilnrp.  Hh.  h%,  tin,  l»ii !  gft*at  lii|UomJi  fool. 

Tlmfpk,  Whul  on  thou  ! 

flnrp,  A  fishtfniifln. 

Ttu^pk^  What  d(>:il  thou  cateh  1 

/iaf7>.  Souls,  souls )  a  fi^ili  c«UM  soola. 

TWph.  Getot 

£fitor  GcTA. 

Ceta.  My  lord. 

/ftfrp.  [u>it/tin.]  Ha,  ha,  ha,  lift  ! 

Theaph,  What  inaoleiit  slave  is  tbiA,  daree  laugh 
Or  what  i*'t  th*  dog  ^oa  at  so  I  [iit  iup  ? 

Geta,  I  neither  know,  my  lord,  at  what,  nor  whom  ? 
for  there  U  none  without,  but  my  iVUow  Juhoauaj 
and  he  is  making  a  garland  for  Jupiter. 

Thefph,  Jupiter !  all  within  me  is  not  well ; 
And  yet  not  bicIl. 

ffiiTp.     Ha,  hn,  ha,  ha  t 

Theapk.  What 'ft  tlij  name»  ftlarel 

Harp,  [at  one  etuL]  Go  look. 

(ifta,  'lis  Harpax*  voice. 

Thrtiph.  Harpax  !  go,  drag  tlie  caitiff  to  my  foot, 
That  1  may  Htamp  upon  him. 

Harp,  [ut  the  oOter  end.]  Fool,  ihon  lieat  1 

Getft.  lie's  yondpr,  now,  my  lord. 

Tbeii]fh.  Wntch  iJiou  that  end, 
Whilst  I  make  good  this. 

Harp,    lift  tlie  mitldte.]  Ha^  hn,  ha,  ha,  ha  ! 

Thtifph.  He  ia  at  barley-break,  and  the  last  couple 
Are  now  in  hfU.^  [isblo4Kly, 

8earcb  for  him,  [  Kiit  Geta.^  All  thia  ground,  raetbinkei, 
And  paired  with  tliouaanda  of  those  Christiaiis*  ey«8 
Whom  I  havB  tortured,  and  they  stare  upon  me. 
What  was  this  apparition  ?  sure  it  had 


•  Theaph.  He  i§  at  barley  break,  ^nnd  the  toMt  titvpttt 
Are  mnp  in  belL]  L  e.  In  Itic  middte  ;  allnidlu^  tu  the 
•l(o«tloii  of  Harp^x.  Thia  wrtrehed  c^if^y  ur  a  \«rttilivtl 
«dKin«li  tlie  hie  et  ubiqne  of  the  Olioft  in  Hamlet^  is  niucli 
Mm  uncrile  for  the  ocra'lon,  tnd  the  chtrncltir  t^dttt'ipit  cjr- 
tfrnplAr  viliiM  itnitabile.  Wlib  rc«p«ct  tw  ihv  ■muMoieDt  of 
b«rtcy-l>rehV.  Albtsiuaj  to  it  occur  ri'peatcxlty  in  nur  t,*lcl 
writer*^  and  Ibeir  commcntatori  huve  piled  one  paraLlcl 
pMMge  tipoa  Another,  wilbout  advancing  *  tingle  ttrp 
lowarrts  exfilitlinlng  wlidf  tbb  CflebradMl  (ittitiiiie  rt-Mlly  naa 
It  vtn%  pljiyed  by  six  people  (Ihrec  of  eidi  neit),  wlit*  wet* 
couptt'd  by  lot.  A  piece  of  ground  wa:»  then  cbo^^n,  /lud 
dividrd  into  Ihrco  compftrftnent»,  of  wliic^  the  middle  onv 
w«i  called  Hell  It  w«»  ifae  object  of  the  coaple  condeiaaed 
to  fbif<livijiioi),  localch  the  otheri,  who  ndvaticed  from  ibe 
two eslrviiutit'it ;  in  which  ca»e  m  chinge  of  litnailcNn  took 

Elaoe,  Slid  hcU  wa»  Dllcd  by  the  couple  mho  wire  enclnded 
y  preoccapatknij  from  the  other  places:  in  thi«  '*  cafciiing," 
however,  tbere  wai  tome  diffically,  ai,  by  the  re|ridB(ic»i>a  of 
die  game,  the  middle  couple  were  not  to  H-pnrale  before 
they  had  incceeded.  while  the  othcm  ttdghi  bre»k  han«1t 
whenever  thcj  funnd  thcmtelvca  hard  presfed.  Wlirn  JiH 
Jiatt  been  taken  in  turn,  the  laa.t  couple  waj  aald  to  A«  in 
heti,  and  the  fame  ended^  Iml^Hui  UthorJ^-Mt.  If,  Miaoa 
kM*  given  the  following  deaeription  of  Ihif  putlBic  with 
aUe|;orical  pertonaKe*,  Irojn  Sir  John  SuckUiis: 

**  Love,  UcaMu,  llqte,  liM  once  beapcak 

Three  tnjitc*  to  jil«y  at  barleybn^ak ; 

Lovft  Kol!y  took  ;  and  Rik^giMm  Fancy  ; 

And  HaLe'ci>a«>rtii  wilh  Pride  ;  todiQce  tbejr : 

L4>ve  couplfd  last,  and  au  It  fell 

That  l-t*e  and  FoUy  were  In  hell. 

Tlicy  break  ;  mad  Love  would  Rcaion  m«!et. 
But  Hate  wa»  <dniblrr  on  hef  feet; 
Fancy  ItHik*  for  Pride»  and  thilher 
Hie»,  aiui  they  two  hug  together: 
Yit  tbij  ttew  cnnptiae  fttitl  doth  tell 
That  Love  aiid  FtjUy  «ere  in  Uell. 

The  r«ti  do  bt\*ak  attain,  and  Pride 
Hath  aow  Kot  UeaH^m  on  her  tide  ; 
Hate  and  ¥»ncy  meet,  and  »tam1i 
t^ttbimdi'd  fay  Love  Ui  V*A\y'i.  hand  ; 
Pollv  wai  dnit,  but  Love  ran  well, 
So  Lwe  and  FoUy  were  In  bvlL" 


A  shape  imgeltcal.     Mine  ey»a,  thoug-h  dankd. 
And  daunted  at  first  sight,  tell  me,  it  wore 
A  pair  of  glorious  wmga ;  yei,  ibey  were  fnag^ 
And  hence  he  flew  :  ^^'tis  Tanish'd  I  Jupiter, 
For  all  my  aacrifices  done  to  him« 
N<»ver  once  gave  me  amtle. — Hem  can  Bloiie  talfe, 
Or  wooden  inm^  laugh  t  [miuieS\  Ha !  I  rMoettbcr  | 
Such  music  gave  a  welcome  to  mine  e«ir, 
When  the  fiur  voutli  catne  to  me  ; — *ua  in  tlie  air, 
Or  from  some  better  place*  ;  a  power  dirine. 
Through  my  dark  ^aoruice  on  my  aoul  does  shii 
And  makea  me  see  a  oonacienoe  all  atain'd  o'er, 
Nay,  drowned  and  damn'd  for  erer  in  CluietiBn  gofib,  | 
Harp,  [^within J]  Ha,  ha,  ha  I  [toi^aa  | 

Theaph.  Again  ! — Whnt    dniotr      relish     od    vy  [ 
Thia  fruit  bath  lefl !  §ome  angel  bath  me  fed  i 
If  ao  toothfidlt    I  will  be  baniiueted*  [£>^«l 

Enttr  liAnPAX  m  o  fmrful  lAope ,  Jirtjtaahmg  tmtifl 
tht  Siudif, 

Harp.  Hold! 

Theuph.  Not  for  Ciesar, 

Htfifi,  Hiif  for  m?  thou  shalt*  [bwi. 

Thfoph.  Thou  art  no  twin  to  hxm  tbaC  laat  wat 
Ye  pQwersi,  whom  my  soul  bida  me  reTerenee, 
Whnt  tirt  thou  1  [S^ard  oeJ 

Hitrp.  I  am  tliy  master. 

Thetiftk.  Miue ! 

Hfirp.  Andtlioomv  everloaiing  slare  ;  that  Harpaci 
Wbo  Land  in  hand  Wh  led  tbee  to  tiiy  hell, 
AmL 

Thenph*  AvQunt? 

/f«i7j.  I  will  not ;  cast  thou  down 
That  basket  mtb  the  things  in't.  and  fetch  up 
What  thou  liital  swallowed,  and  then  take  a  drink, 
Which  1  shall  ^ve  thee,  and  Vm  g^ooe. 

Thei^ph.  My  fruit] 
Does  this  o^end  thee  1  aee  I  [£ati  i^^aai. 

ilurp.  Spit  it  to  tlie  earth|, 
And  tread  upon  it,  or  111  pieeemeal  tear  tbee. 

Theoph.  Art  thou  witli  thia  affrighted  I  see,  bpf«*i 
more.  [Putts  mir  a  handful  of  H^mtn. 

Harp.  Fling  them  away.  111  take  tbee  elae,  and 
bang  t]u>e 
In  a  eontoried  uhain  of  isiclei 
In  the  frigid  z,one :  down  with  them  I 

Theoph,  At  the  bottom 
One  thing  I  found  not  yet.    See ! 

[HoldM  up  a  fUMf  ofjtem'^rt. 

HarfK  Oh  !  I  am  tortured* 

Thetyfih.  Ctin  this  do*l  ?  hence,  thou  fien<l 

Harp.  Claap  Jupiter's  image,  and  away  ^^ .:  i,  iu»i. 

Tktttpfu  At  thee  TU  iing  that  Jupiter ;  for,  Re- 
thinks, 
I  ser^'e  a  better  master  :  he  now  checks  me 
For  murdenog  my  two  daughters,  put  oof  by  thaa 

•  OrJhmwmtMarf^wxi]  la  Coxelrr't  edttion.^ibea 
wai   dropl  at  the  prcaa,  I    anppoae  :  and    M.  W«w.n.  ^rh.. 
•eeras   to   have  do  concept  loo  of  any  older  or     - 
Mindly  ruUitwedbIm;    ihun^h  ihe   line  h4a  iteiil.. 
itor  »cn»e  withont  the  ^ord,  inM'rte<d  Troni  ihe  oM  ^^ 
h«it  ind«*«d  the  fihole  of  thia  »crne,  nti  It  Maud*  In    iIht  lii»o 
fonnertillflouf.eipeciAlty  the  laitttf  full  of  the  moaA  ■haiuir' 
fnJ  ilHiRdert. 

f  y/»ntoothfttU,  &c.'  Midfrii  cdl 

tioaa  hdve  tooth wfrtm'  >   wonl,  hat 

ahonid  not  have  ber«  -iJ        .  iiiiMr. 

I  Harp.  Spit  ittotftft^tifth,]  TIm^  utxt  and  tKcond  t|naflM 
read  Mpet,  which  wa«  i*t*V¥  bieglnnlng  tugrvwr  ubmletti' ;  la  Cb« 
auccecinne  vne  It  U  *p*f- 

$ |fbi  oQ  fry  thm  —1 L  P.  «Deoans»d,  Iai»if«te4. 

So  lo  Sb«k«pcare  : 


Q 


THE  VIRGIN-MaRTYR. 


«9 


iamn'd  rhetoric  did  I  hunt  the  life 

thea,  the  holy  Tirgin-martyr. 

)t  angry  with  the  axe,  nor  me. 

Is  these  presents  to  me ;  and  111  travel 

rids  to  find  her,  and  from  her  white  hand 

rgiveness. 

No ;  111  bind  thee  here.  [weapon*, 

i,  I  serre  a  strength  abore  thine ;  this  small 
s  is  armour  hard  enough. 

Keep  from  me  [Smh  a  little. 

k.  Art  posting  to  thy  centre?  down,  hell- 
nd !  down ; 

n  hast  lost:   that  arm,  which  hurls  thee 
ice,  [Horpox  dueqrpears, 

',  and  set  meik,>,  the  strong  defence 
ur  Christian's  quarrel ! 

Enter  Anoslo. 

Fix  thy  foot  there, 
thou  shaken  with  a  Cesar's  roice, 
thousand  deaths  were  in  it ;  and  I  then 
Of  thee  to  a  river,  that  shall  wash 
ody  hands  clean  and  more  white  than  snow ; 
hat  garden  where  these  blest  things  grow, 
hat  martvr'd  rirgio,  who  hath  sent 
ftvenly  token  to  thee :  spread  this  brare  wing, 
re,  turn  Caesar,  a  far  greater  king.        [^Exit. 
,  It  is,  it  is  some  angeL     Vanish'd  again ! 
le  back,  rarishing  hoy !  bright  messenger ! 
ist,  by  these  mine  eyes  fix'd  on  thy  beauty, 
m!  all  my  souL     Now  look  I  back 
>lack  mannies,  which,  as  they  did         [me, 
the  bloodiest,  thou,  blest  spirit,  that  lead'st 
le  what  I  must  to  do,  and,  to  do  well, 
r  last  act  the  best  may  paxallelt.  [Exit. 


SCENE  n.— Dioclesian's  Palace. 

hocixaks,  Maximxnus,  the  King*  of  Epire. 
IS,  and  Maoedon,  meeting  Aktemia  ;  Atten- 

.  Gloxy  and  conquest  still  attend  upon  tri- 

t  Cesar  I 

.  Let  thv  wish,  fair  daughter, 

Uy  divided  ;  and  hereafter 

kon  to  know  and  reverence  Maximinus, 

x>wer,  with  mine  united:  makes  one  Cesar. 

But  that  I  fear  'twould  be  held  flattery, 

ds  considered  in  which  we  stand  tied, 

and  empire,  I  should  say,  till  now 

tad  seen  a  lady  I  thought  worthy 

J  mistress. 

.  Sir,  yon  show  yourself 

irtier  and  soldier ;  but  take  heed, 

ed,  my  lord,  though  my  dull-pointed  beauty, 

>y  a  harsh  refusal  in  my  servant, 

jart  forth  such  beams  as  may  inflame  you, 

f  encounter  such  a  powerful  one, 

th  a  pleasing  heat  will  thaw  your  heart, 

bound  in  nbs  of  ice.    Love  still  is  love. 


—  Macbeth 


:•  ripe  for  shaking,  and  the  Powers  above 
"trf  oa  their  InatminettU." 

ihU  mmaU  weapon,]   Meaning,  I  believe, 

MS  of  flowers,"  which  he   had  Jast  t'onnd.    The 
and  idea*  of  tbb  play  are  porely  catholic 

say  latt  act  the  beet  ma^  parallel  J    Thus  far 
wliat  foUows  I  apprehend  was  written  by  Masain- 

b  nnsorpaaaed  in  tlie  English  language.) 


His  bow  and  arrows  are  the  same :  great  Julitis, 
That  to  his  successors  left  the  name  of  Cesar, 
Whom  war  could  never  tame,  that  with  dry  eyes 
Beheld  the  large  plains  of  Pharaalia  cover'd 
With  the  dead  carcases  of  senators 
And  citiaens  of  Rom     'fhen  the  world  knew 
No  other  lord  but  hw ,  struck  deep  in  years  too, 
^And  men  nay-har'd  forget  the  lusts  of  youth) 
After  all  th,  s,  meeting  fiur  Cleopatra, 
A  suppliant  too,  the  magic  of  her  eye. 
Even  m  his  pride  of  conquest,  took  him  captive ; 
Nor  are  yon  more  secure. 

Mar.  Were  you  deform'd 
(But,  by  the  gods,  you  are  most  excellent). 
Your  gravibr  and  discretion  would  overcome  me ; 
And  I  should  be  more  proud  in  being  prisoner 
To  your  fair  virtues,  than  of  all  the  honours. 
Wealth,  title,  empire,  that  my  sword  hath  purchased. 

Diode.   This  meets   my  wishes.      Welcome  it, 
Artemia, 
With  outstretched  arms,  and  study  to  forget 
That  Antoninus  ever  was  ;  thy  fate 
Reserved  thee  for  this  better  choice,  embrace  it. 

Max.*  This  hi^py  match  brings  new  nerves  to 
give  strength 
To  our  continued  league. 

Ihocle  Hymen  himself 
Will  bless  this  marriage,  which  well  solemnize 
In  the  presence  of  these  kings. 

K.  of  Pontut.  Who  rest  most  happy. 
To  be  eyewitnesses  of  a  match  that  brings 
Peace  to  the  empire. 

Diocle.  We  much  thank  your  loves ; 
But  Where's  Sapritius,  our  governor. 
And  our  most  ziealous  provost,  good  Theophilua  ? 
If  ever  prince  were  blest  in  a  true  servant. 
Or  could  the  gods  be  debtors  to  a  man. 
Both  they  and  we  stand  far  engaged  to  cherish 
His  piety  and  service. 

Artem.  Sir,  the  governor 
Brooks  sadly  his  son's  loss,  although  he  tum'd 
Apostata  in  death  t ;  but  bold  Theophilus, 
Who,  for  the  same  cause,  in  my  presence,  seal'd 
His  holy  anger  on  his  daughters'  hearts  ; 
Havinff  with  tortures  first  tried  to  convert  her, 
Dragg  d  the  bewitching  Christian  to  the  scaffold. 
And  saw  her  lose  her  head. 

Diocle.  He  is  all  worthy  : 
And  fitnn  his  own  mouth  I  would  gladly  hear 
The  manner  how  she  suffer'd. 

Artem.  Twill  be  delivered 
With  such  contempt  and  scony  (I  know  his  nature) 
That  rather  'twill  beget  your  highness'  laughter. 
Than  the  least  pity. 

Diocle.  To  that  end  I  would  hear  it. 

Enter  Theophilus,  SAPRirirs,  and  Macbinus. 

Artem.  He  comes  ;  with  him  the  governor. 

Diocle.  O,  Sapritius, 
I  am  to  chide  you  for  your  tenderness  ; 
But  yet,  remembering  that  you  are  a  father. 


*  Max.  Thi»  happy  match,  dec.]  The  old  copies  give  this 
to  the  AT.  qf  Epire  ;  it  is  evident,  however,  that  he  cannot 
be  the  speaker ;  I  malie  no  apology  for  restoring  it  to  Maz- 
Jminns. 

t  Apostata  in  death  i]  Here  again  the  modem  editors, 
read,  Apostate  in  deaths  though  it  absolately  destroys  the 
measure.  It  is  very  strange  that  the  frequent  recurrence  of 
this  word  should  not  teach  them  to  hesitate  on  the  propriety 
of  corrupting  it  up<Mi  all  occasions. 


d(> 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTYR. 


[Act  V.I 


I  win  forget  it.    Good  TheonbituB, 

Vl\  speak  with  you  nnoii — Nwuer,  your  ear» 

[To  SajfritWi, 

Thtopk,  [atidt  to  MacFmiii*<.y  By  AutoniuuB'  soul* 
I  do  conjure  you, 
And  rllOu^^h  not  for  religion,  for  Ins  friendsliip, 
Without  demanding  what':}  the  cause  thatmovda  mt>, 
Receive  roy  itgnet ; — by  the  power  of  this, 
Go  to  my  prisons,  aiui  rebose  all  Chmtimis 
That  are  in  fettera  thero  bv  my  comniiand* 

Mac.  But  what  »httM  follow  1 

Thti^h,  Haste  then  to  the  port; 
You  tJi(»n«  shall  find  two  tall  ahips  feidy  rig^M*, 
In  which  embark  the  poor  distrc^ied  flOuU» 
And  bear  tliem  froin  tlie  reach  of  tvninny. 
£]}qiiire  not  whither  you  are  bouad  ;  the  Deity 
That  they  adore  will  give  you  prosjierous  winds, 
And  make  your  voyage  such,  and  Inrgt^ly  pny  for 
Your  hazam,  and  your  travail.     Leave  me  here  ; 
There  is  a  scene  tlmt  I  must  not  ulone.  [you  f 

llaate,  g<K>d  Macrinua  ;  and  the  great  God  guide 

Mnc.  ril  undertake*t,  there's  something  prompta 
me  to  it ; 
'Tts  to  save  innocent  blood,  a  aaiat-like  act  ; 
And  to  he  roerciful  has  never  been 
By  moral  men  themselvi*s  f  esteem'd  a  &in,      {EsriL 

Ditxif,  You  know  your  charge  ? 

Sap.  And  will  with  care  observe  it. 

DiocU.  For  1  profess  he  is  not  Ciesar'a  friend, 
ITiat  sheda  a  tear  for  any  torlure  thai 
A  Christ  inn  suJTers.     Welcome,  my  beat  sorvnnt, 
My  eoreful  irndous  provost  !  tliow  liust  toiKd 
To  satisfy  my  will,  though  m  I'llremes  : 
I  love  thfe  for*t ;  lliots  art  firm  rock»  tio  changeling. 
Prithee  deliver,  and  for  my  sake  do  it, 
Without  excess  of  bitterness,  or  scoffs. 
Before  my  brother  and  theae  ktngd^  how  took 

KThe  Christian  her  deatli  ? 
Theoj^.  And  such  »  presence, 
Though  every  private  head  in  tliis  large  room 
Weir*  circled  round  with  an  imperial  croivu, 
Her  itory  will  deaene,  it  is  »o  full 
Of  excollenre  and  wonder. 

DkicU.  Ha!  how  is  this? 

Thtoph,  O !    mark   it,  therefore,  and   witli   that 
attfliitaont 
Aa  you  would  hear  an  embassy  from  heaven 
By  a  winp*d  legate  ;  for  the  truth  delivered 
Both  how,  and  what,  this  hlessifKl  virgin  suffered. 
And  Dorotliea  but  heronfter  named, 
You  wll!  liae  up  with  revereni:<«,  and  no  more, 
At  thinga  unworthy  of  your  thoughts^  remember 
WHiot  the  cenoniEcd  Bpartan  ladies  were,    [matrons, 
Which    lying   Greece    so   boosts  of.      Vour   own 
Your  Roman  dames,  whose  Hgures  you  yet  keep 
As  holy  relict,  in  her  history 
Will  find  a  second  tini :  Gracchus*  Cornelia  |, 


*  You  there  uhttt  Jind  tun  full  *ftip§  rtadp  riM*i,\  W« 
liboolil  now  My,  hi»>  Kuui  thiptj  b»t  vsv  the  Cnmttunal 
Cttmhat. 

t  By  iiinr*l  wm  tfufHtetv^M,  Ac,)  Tbii  \a  th*  nEBtJin^  of 
khf  fii^t  cun>  :  «ll  Ihr  the  fAUvn  have,  tnorljil  men^ 

{UrttfichuM*  r&melia,)  Tliit  p^iitiage,af  {itiiilcil  in  llic  okl 
tioo,  Li  iioKH'tlif'.      M.  M«tU3«. 

Titi*  In  nomewh^i  boU\  hi  out  whn  nvvtr  mw  liie  old  edi- 
tlowA.  In  Coxciir,  indeed),  U  b  i«riDfeil,  or  nthri  poiiite»1, 
••  iMi<iiiFt)fl4r ;  bill  iM  «-4||  hli»  llic  old  edition  it  Jratrcily  car- 
rect.  Tliefirtt  qutrlo  mail*  »»  Id  tf.e  text  wUli  thvcKcoptkm 
of  aa  spoitrvplie  •ori4l«alally  mlipUced  ;  tbe  jbc<r<>tu1  rdlovrt 
It,  and  soUi  are  incft  eotrtct  lltmo  Mr.  M.  Ma«gDi  either  in 
nil  teal  or  note. 


Paulina,  that  in  death  desired  to  follow 
Her  husband  .Seneca,  nor  Bnittis'  Pnrtin, 
That  »iwa]|f>w''d  bunuug  coala  to  overtake  hi 
Though  all  tlieir  severau  worths  weEre  g;ir«:fD  to  oot. 
Witli  this  is  to  be  mention *d. 

Ma  J.  Is  he  mad  T 

Du*cU.  Why,  they  did  die,  TheophOu^,  and  bokUy; 
Thia  did  no  more. 

Tkeoph.  They,  out  of  desperatioD, 
Or  for  vain  glory  of  an  aftvr-narae. 
Parted  with  life :  this  hod  not  matiooaa  aona. 
As  the  raah  Gracchi  were  -,  nor  was  Uiiji  aatnt 
A  doating  mother,  as  Cornelia  was : 
ThiJi  loat  no  husband,  in  whose  overthrow 
Her  weal  til  and  honour  sunk  ;  no  fear  of  want 
Did  makt  her  being  tedious  ;  but,  aiming 
At  an  immortal  crown,  and  to  Hiii  cau«>e 
Who  only  can  besLow  it,  who  sent  down 
Legions  of  ministering  aiigels  to  bear  u|i 
Her  sjKyUeaa  soul  to  benven  ;  who  entertsia'd  k 
With  choice  celestial  music,  equal  to 
The  motion  of  the  spheres,  she,  ancompell'd. 
Changed  this  life  for  a  better.     My  lonl  SupritiHS 
\'ou  were  present  at  her  death  ;  did  you  •"«  hmt 
Such  ravisliing  sounds  ! 

Sop,  Yet  you  80 id  then  *twas  witchenll. 
And  derilinh  illusions. 

Thttyph.  1  theti  heard  it 
With  sinful  ears,  and  belched  out  blasphemous  worda 
Agiiinst  hiA  Oeitv,  which  tlien  1  knew  not 
Nor  did  believe  in  him. 

Diocie.   Why,  dost  thou  now* 
Or  dar*Bit  thou,  in  our  hearing— 

Theoph.  Were  mv  voice 
As  loud  as  is  hm  thundfr,  to  be  heard 
Through  all  Uie  world,  all  potentates  on  «uth 
Ready  to  btirst  witli  m^,  should  they  but  hear  it; 
Though  hifll,  to  aid  their  malice,  lent  her  furies, 
Yet  1  would  sjmak,  and  B|ieak  again,  and  boldly^ 
I  am  a  Christian,  and  the  Powers  you  worship 
But  dreams  of  fools  and  madmen.  ' 

Max,  Lay  hands  on  bim. 

DtMk.  Thou  twice  a  child!  for  doadng  a^  m 
mi.kes  thee, 
Thou  couldst  not  else,  tliy  pilgrimage  of  life 
Deing  almost  ^mst  through,  in  this  lust  moment 
DL*stroy  whatever  thou  hiuit  done  good  or  grel 
Thy  youth  did  promise  much  ;  and,  grown  a  mAii, 
Thou  mod  St  it  good,  and,  with  increase  ckf  yeara, 
Thy  actions  still  better'd :  as  the  sun, 
I'hoQ  did'ni  rise  gloriously,  kept'st  a  constant  coutia 
In  all  tliy  jouroey  ;  and  now,  in  the  evening, 
When  thou  should'st  pass  witli  honour  to  thy  reit« 
Wilt  thou  fall  like  a  meteor  1 

Sitp.  Yet  confess 
That  thou  art  mad,  and  that  thy  toogua  and 
Had  no  agreement, 

AftLT,  Do  ;  no  way  is  left,  else, 
To  save  tliy  lite,  Theophilua. 

Dioelt.  Hut,  refusie  it. 
Destruction  as  horrid,  land  as  sudden, 
Shall  lull  upon  thee,  m  if  hell  stood  opni. 
And  rhou  wert  sinlin^  tlnther, 

Th&c'ph.  Hear  me,  yet ; 
Hear  for  my  nervice  pnit* 

Artem.   \\  hat  will  ho  say  ? 

Thcffph,  A*  evt-r  I  deserved  your  favour,  bear 

And  grant  one  boon:   'tis  not  for  life  I  sue  for*, 

*  *n»  mt  fwr  Hf§  /  nrr  for  I  The  ^Jiioilrm  Mt|l««s  ma^ 


II.] 


THE  VIRGIN-MARTVR. 


HI 


is  it  fit  that  I,  that  ne*er  knew  pitj 

ny  Christiaii,  being  one  myself, 

lid  look  for  any ;  no,  I  rather  beg 

utmost  of  your  cruelty ;  I  stand 

>mptable  for  thousana  Christians'  deaths ; 

,  were  it  possible  that  I  could  die 

ly  for  every  one,  then  live  again 

e  again  t(»mented,  'twere  to  me 

ttsv  penance,  and  I  should  pass  through 

•ntle  cleansing  fiie ;  but,  that  denied  me, 

fing  beyond  m  strength  of  feeble  nature, 

luit  is,  you  would  hare  no  pity  on  me. 

kine  own  house  there  are  thousand  engines 

tudied  cruelty,  which  I  did  prepare 

miserable  Christians  ;  let  me  reel, 

tie  Sicilian  did  his  braaen  bull, 

horrid'st  you  can  find,  and  I  will  say, 

Mth  that  you  are  merdfuL 

ioc/if.  Despair  not, 

is  thou  shalt  preTail.    Go  fetch  them  hither : 

lEiiL  Guard, 
h  shall  put  on  a  thousand  shapes  at  once, 
so  appear  before  thee ;  racks,  and  whips  !— 
flesh,  with  burning  pincers  torn,  shall  feed 
fire  that  heata  thou ;  and  what's  wanting  to 
torture  of  thy  body.  111  supply 
inishing  thy  mind.    Fetch  all  the  Christians 

are  in  hold  ;  and  here,  before  his  fiioe, 

hem  in  pieces. 

eoph,  Tis  not  in  thy  power : 

IS  the  fijrst  good  deed  I  ever  did. 

are  remored  out  of  thy  reach ;  howe'er 
I  determined  for  my  sins  to  die, 
t  took  order  for  their  liberty, 
Etill  I  dare  thy  worst. 

U-etUer  Guard  vith  the  instrumenU  of  torture, 
x'b.  Bind  him  I  say ; 
t  ererj  artery  and  sinew  crack : 
dare  that  makes  him  eiTe  the  loudest  shriek,* 

have  ten  thousand  orachmas  :    wretch  !   Ill 
irae  the  Power  thou  worship'st:      [force  thee 
toph,  Nerer,  nsTer; 
retth  of  mine  shall  e'er  be  spent  on  him, 

[They  tomtent  him, 

rhat  shall  ^keak  his  majesty  or  mercy, 
ononr'd  in  my  sufferings.    Weak  tormentors, 
tortures,  more : — alas  T  yon  sre  unskilful — 
earen's  sake  more ;  my  breast  is  yet  untom : 
purchaae  the  reward  that  was  pronounded. 
rons  cool, — here  are  arms  yet,  ana  thighs ; 
no  part  of  me. 
r.  He  endures  beyond 
ufferance  of  a  man. 
,  No  sigh  nor  groan, 
tness  he  hath  feeling. 
cle.  Harder,  yillains ! 

Enter  Harpax. 

•p.  Unless  that  he  blaspheme  he's  lost  for  erer. 
nents  erer  could  bring  forth  despair. 


Jbr :  bat  tbey  are  too  Maeamish.  This  redn|^c«- 
ta  practiaed  by  all  the  writers  of  oar  anthor**  lime ; 
:h  I  could,  if  it  were  neceaaary,  five  a  thousand  ez- 
;   Massiofer  himaelf  would  famish  a   considerable 


e  sUyc  that 
the  editkws 
line  to  his  own 


him  gioe  the  loudeet  9hri«k,]  So 
the  last;  when  Mr.  M.  Mason,  to 
\  of  barmoay,  discarded  Theelaoe 


Let  these  compel  him  co  it  :  Oh  me, 

My  sncient  enemies  sgain !  IFaUt  doM>tu 

Enter  Dobothea  ma  white  "vfrf, a  croim  upon  her 

head,  led  in  by  Angelo  ;  Antomhus,  Calista,  and 

Chruteta  foUowing,  all  in  wAite,  but  leu  glorioui ; 

Angelo  holdt  out  a  crown  to  Theophilus. 

Theofih,  Most  glorious  rision ! 

Did  e'er  so  hard  abed  joeld  man  a  dream 
So  hearenly  as  this  1    I  am  confirm'd, 
Confirm'd,  you  blessed  spirits,  and  make  haste 
To  take  that  crown  of  immortality 
You  offer  to  me.    Death,  till  this  blest  minute, 
I  never  thought  thee  slow-paced ;  nor  would  I 
Hasten  thee  now,  for  any  pain  I  suffer. 
But  that  thou  keep'st  me  trom  a  glorious  wreath, 
Which  through  tms  stormy  way  I  would  creep  to. 
And,  himibly  kneeling,  with  humility  wear  it. 
Oh !  now  I  feel  thee  : — ^blessed  spirits !  I  come  ; 
And,  witness  for  me  all  these  wounds  and  acars, 
I  die  a  soldier  in  the  Christian  wars.  [Diti, 

Sap.  I  have  seen  thousands  tortured,  but  ne'er  yet 
A  constancy  like  this. 

Harp.  I  sm  twice  dsmn'd. 

An^.  Haste  to  thy  pkce  appointed,  cursed  fiend  ' 
In  spite  of  hell,  this  soldier's  not  thy  prey  ; 
'Tis  I  hare  won,  thou  that  hast  lost  the  dsy.     [Exit 
[Harpax  tinki  with  thunder  and  lightning, 

Dioele.  I  think  the  centre  of  the  earth  be  crack'd. 
Yet  I  stand  still  unmoved,  and  will  go  on  : 
The  persecution  that  is  here  begun. 
Through  all  the  world  with  yiolence  shall  run. 

[Flourith.  Exeunt* 

*  Mr.  M.  MaaoB  capriciously  deranged  the  order  in  which 
Coxeter  printed  these  plays,  and  began  with  The  Picture,  a 
piece  which  bears  the  strongest  Internal  marks  of  being  a 
late  production.  With  respect  to  the  Virgm-Martyrtht 
considerably  under-rates  it,  and  Indeed  dispUivs  no  portion 
of  Jodgment  in  appreciating  either  Its  beauties  or  defects. 
He  adopts  Coxeter's  idea  that  it  was  Indebted  for  Its  success 
to  the  abominable  scenes  between  HIrclns  and  Spangius, 
pronoaaces  the  sublect  of  the  tragedy  to  be  unpleaaant.  the 
incidents  umuiturtU,  and  the  eupemahmU  agenu  employeu 
to  bring  them  about,  destitute  of  the  singnbrity  and  wtldnesa 
which  diatlnguish  the  fictitious  beings  of  Shakspeare.  With 
respect  to  the  sublect,  it  is  undoubtedly  ill  chosen.  Scourg- 
ing, racking,  and  beheading,  are  circumstances  of  no  vciy 
agreeable  kind ;  and  with  the  poor  aids  of  which  the  stage 
was  then  possessed,  must  have  been  somewhat  worse  than 
ridiculous.  Allowing,  however,  for  the  agency  of  supernatural 
beings,  I  scarcely  see  how  the  incldenu  they  produce  can, 
as  Mr.  M.  Mason  represents  them,  be  unnaturaL  The  ctm- 
parlson  drawn  between  them  and  the  fictitious  beings  of 
Shakspeare  is  injudicious.  Shakspeare  has  no  angels  nor 
devils;  his  wonderful  Judgment,  perhaps,  Instracteahim  to 
avoid  such  untractable  machinery.  With  fairies  and  spirits 
he  might  wanton  In  the  regions  of  fancy,  i/«.:  the  chnnirter 
of  a  heavenly  messenger  was  of  too  sacred  a  nature  for  tirua. 
nes§  and  ainffularitif,  and  that  of  a  fiend  too  horrible  for  the 
ft|»ortiveness  of  imagination.     It  appears  to  me  that  Massln- 

Kr  and  his  associate  had  conceived  the  Idea  of  combining 
e  prominent  parts  of  the  old  Mystery,  with  the  Morality, 
which  was  not  vet  obliterated  fh>m  the  memories,  nor  perhaps 
Anom  the  affections  of  many  of  the  spectators:  to  this,  I  am 
willing  to  hope,  and  not  to  the  rIbaMry,  which  Mr.  M.  Ma- 
son so  property  repiobates,  the  great  success  of  this  singular 
medley  might  be  In  some  measure  owing.  I  have  uken 
notice  of  many  beauilftal  passages;  but  It  would  be  unjust  to 
the  authors  to  conclude,  without  remarking  on  the  good 
sense  and  dexterity  with  which  they  have  avoMed  the  con- 
currence of  Angelo  and  Harpax,  till  the  conclnding  scene ; 
an  error  into  which  Tasso,  and  others  of  greater  name  than 
Massinger,  have  inadvertently  fallen. 

With  a  ne^ect  of  precision  which  pervades  all  the  argo- 
menu  of  Mr.  M.  Mason,  he  declares  it  Is  easy  to  distingnlsh 
the  hand  of  Decker  from  that  of  Massinger,  yet  finds  a  dif- 
ficulty in  apppropriating  their  most  characteristic  language ' 
If  I  have  spoken  with  more  confidence,  it  is  not  dons 
lightly,  bat  nrom  a  long  and  careful  study  of  Masstager 


5f 


THE  VIROIN-MARTYR, 


[Act? 


manner,  nnd  from  that  species  of  Internal  evidence  which, 
thoogfa  It  might  not  perhaps  sofflciently  strilie  tlie  common 
reader,  is  with  me  decisive.  With  respect  to  the  scenes  be- 
tween the  two  baffoons,  it  wonld  be  an  inlory  to  tlie  name 
of  Massinger  to  waste  a  sincle  argument  la  proving  them 
not  to  be  his.  In  saying  this  I  am  actuated  by  no  hottilltv  to 
Decker,  who  in  this  Play  has  manv  passaces  which  evince 
that  he  wanted  not  talents  to  rival,  if  he  had  pleased.  Us 
friend  and  associate.    GirpoRD. 

Notwithstanding  the  blemishes  which  have  been  Justiv 
objected  to  this  play,  it  possesses  beauties  of  an  extraordi- 
nary kind.— Indeed,  nothing  more  base  and  filthy  can  be 
conceived  tlian  the  dialogues  between  Hireinsaod  SpungiosI 
but  the  genuine  and  dignified  piety  of  Dorothea,  her  nnaul- 
lied  innocence,  her  unshaken  constancy,  the  lofty  pity  she 
expresses  fbr  her  persecutors,  her  calm  contempt  of  tortures, 
and  her  heroic  death,  exalt  the  mind  in  no  common  degree, 
and  make  the  reader  almost  insensible  of  the  surrounding 
impurity,  through  the  holy  contempt  of  it  which  they  in- 
spire. 

How  sentiments  and  Imaees  thus  opposite  should  be  con- 
tatied  in  the  same  piece,  it  is  somewhat  difficult  to  conceive. 
If  Decker  had  ftarnubed  none  but  the  comic  parts,  the  doubt 
would  be  soon  at  an  end.  But  there  is  good  reason  to  sup- 
pose that  he  wrote  the  whole  of  the  second  act ;  and  the  very 
first  scene  of  it  has  the  same  mixture  of  loathsome  beastliness 
and  ang^c  purity,  which  are  obterved  in  those  passages 
that  are  more  distant  flrom  each  other* — It  b  the  strange  and 
forced  conjunction  of  Mesentius: 

Afofttut  jwtffthat  cotpoftk  vtvM, 

TormentigeMu 

The  subject  in  general  is  certainly  extravagant ;  and  the 
introduction  of  a  good  and  evil  spirit,  disguised  in  human 
shapes,  was  not  to  be  expected  in  what  aspired  to  the  credit 
of  a  regular  trasedv.  Vet  it  should  be  remembered,  that 
poetic  licenne  calls  In  '*  a  thousand  liveried  angels"  to  *'  lac- 
key saintly  chastity ;"— that  whatever  be  their  departure  from 
propriety,  such  representations  had  a  roost  solemn  origin ; 
and  that,  with  this  allowance,  the  business  in  which  the 
spirits  are  engaged  has  a  substantial  conformity  with  the 
opinions  of  the  eariy  ages  in  which  the  plot  is  laid.  The 
permitted  but  vain  opposition  of  the  demons  to  the  pn^ress 
of  the  fkith,  and  the  reasoning  and  ralilery  which  Dorothea 

ircsses,  under  the  influence  of  Angelo,  against  the  pagan 

Is,  are  to  be  found  in  Justin,  Tatian,  AnM>bius,  and  otners.* 

*  (Augustine  and  Gregory  Che  Great,  who  lived  so  late  as 
the  fourth  centuiv,  mention  the  visits  of  the  angels  to  this 
•arth  even  in  their  days.  Eo.) 


—The  separate  agency  of  the  spirits,  %mA  tke  coBseaaenee  1 
of  their  personal  eaoonnter,  are  also  described  im  a  dune>  i 
teristic  manner. 

Apart  from  Aiu»lo,  Harpaz  seems  to  advaaee  in  Us 
malignant  work.  When  the  daughters  of  Thcophilnsexpras 
their  seal  for  paganism,  he  "  grows  fht  to  sec  his  labuan 
prosper/'  Yet  he  cannot  look  forwud  to  the  defeat  «f 
those  labours  in  their  approaching  conversion,  though,  on 
some  occasions,  we  fiad  ns  could  "  aee  a  tlKinaand  leagaes" 
in  his  master's  service.  And  this  afrees  with  the  duetrine, 
that  when  some  signal  triumph  of  tlw  faith  wns  at  hand, 
the  evil  spiriu  were  abridged  of  their  vsaal  powers.  Agaia, 
when  Harpax  expects  to  meet  Angelo,  he  thas  expisssa 
the  dread  of  his  preseaee,  and  the  effect  which  It  aflcnwds 
produced  on  hira : 

I  do  so  halt  his  sig^ 

I  shonU^Ink  dowB." 

ILse.1. 


That,  should  Hook  on  kUs,  I 


And  this  too,  perfectly  agrees  with  thn  power  amihnhJ  is 
the  superior  spiriu  of  qneUing  the  demons  by  thoae  hrfiis 
tions  of  their  quality  which  were  not  t6  hm  peicdived  ly  | 
mortals :  per  oceuMadnuB  algma  prmmmHm, 


tenHhuM  etiam  mdUgnonm  9pirihmm,  mtfWu  fnas 
tail  Jumhmmt  potnmt  «sk  wtmIcsm.  CHm,  nai  Uh.  la. 

The  other  parts  of  the  Play  do  not  require  mneh  shmfs- 
tlon.  Indeed,  the  characters  of  Callsta  and  Cbrisiela  ane 
well  sustained.  Hasty,  seir-coBfideat,  readily  pronili 
their  steadiness,  soon  forgetting  their  resolntions,  and 
secure  in  every  change  of  opinion,  they  are  vrdi  eon 
with  Dorothea,   whose  fixed  principles  alwajr*  gnaid 


against  rashness,  and  therefore  pteserve 
tion.  As  to  Dioclesian  and  his  captive  kinfB,  they  couk  in  . 
and  go  out  with  little  of  ow  admiration  or  onr  pity.  Artenda's  J 
love  for  Antoninus  wonld  be  wholly  withont  Interest,  if  we  I 
were  not  moved  for  a  moment  by  her  indignation  at  the  i 
rejection  of  her  offer ;  and  we  see  Imt  at  length  consijpwd  : 
to  Maximinus  with  as  little  emotion  as  is  shewn  by  thea»- 1 
selves.  This,  however,  is  somewhat  rdleved  by  Antoniaas's 
passion,  a  genuine  one,  for  Dorothea. 

Certainly  there  is  too  much  horror  in  this  tnitcdy.    The  ' 
daughten  of  Theophilus  are  killed  on  tiM  atnc**  TbeophihH  ' 
himself  is  racked,  and  Dorothea  is  draned  by  the  hair, 
kicked,  tortured,  and  beheaded.   Its  po|Mlanty  nrasi  there-  ' 
fore  In  a  considerable  degree  be  attiibntnd  to  the  tnlenst 
occasioned  by  the  contrary  agendas  oT  thn  two  snirin.  Is  i 
the  glorious  vision  of  the  beatified  Dorothcn  nt  the  eoncbi- 
sion  of  the  piece,  and  the  reappearance  of  Afjrfks  in  hh 
proper  character,  with  the  sacred  fruit  and  flonnia,  firom  dK 
"  heavenly  garden,"  and  the  **  avwB  of 
Theophilus.    Db.  Ikiluco. 


?z 


THE 

UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


I  UmvATumAi.  Combat.]  Of  tins  Tragedy  tbere  is  but  one  edition,  which  wu  printed  for  John  Water- 
1 1639.  It  does  not  occur  in  Sir  Henry  Herbert's  Office-book ;  so  that  it  is  probably  of  a  very  early 
and  indeed  Massing  himself  calls  it  "  an  old  tragedy."  Like  the  Virgin-Martyr,  it  has  neither 
pie  nor  Epilogae,  wr  which  the  author  accounts  in  his  Dedication,  by  obserring  that  the  play  was 
ised  at  a  time  "  when  such  by-ornaments  were  not  advanced  above  the  fabric  of  the  whole  work." 

editors  of  the  ^ognphia  Drttmatiea  speak  in  n^turous  terms  of  the  various  excellencies  of  this  piece, 
ink,  "  that  with  very  little  alteration,  it  might  be  rendered  a  valuable  acquisition  to  the  present  stage." 

doubt :  it  is  indeed  a  most  noble  performance ;  grand  in  conception,  and  powerful  in  execution ;  but 
ssion  on  which  the  main  part  of  the  story  hinges,  is  of  too  revolting  a  nature  for  public  representation 
y  admire  in  the  closet  what  we  should  turn  from  on  the  stage. 
i  said,  in  the  title-page,  to  have  been  *'  presented  by  the  King's  Majesty's  Servants,  at  the  Globe." 


TO 

MY  MUCH  HONOURED  FRIEND, 

ANTHONY    SENTLEGER, 

OF  OAKHAM,  IN  KENT,  ESQ. 

Sn, 

'he  patronage  of  trifles,  in  this  kind,  hath  long  since  rendered  dedications,  and  inscriptions  obsolete 
it  ot^  fiuhi<m,  I  perfectly  understand,  and  cannot  but  ingenuously  confess,  that  I  walking  in  the  same 
nay  be  truly  areued  by  you  of  weakness,  or  wilful  error :  but  the  reasons  and  defences,  for  the 

of  my  service  this  way  to  you,  are  so  just,  that  I  cannot  (in  my  thankfulness  for  so  many  fiivours 
ad)  but  be  ambitious  to  publish  them.  Your  noble  father.  Sir  Warham  Sentleger  (whose  remarkable 
I  must  be  ever  remembered),  being,  while  he  lived,  a  master,  for  his  pleasure,  in  poetry,  feared  not  to 
converse  with  divers,  whose  necessitous  fortunes  made  it  their  profession,  amon^  which,  by  the 
Lcy  of  his  iudgment,  I  was  not  in  the  last  place  admitted.  You  (the  heir  of  nis  honour  and 
I  inherited  his  good  inclinations  to  men  of  my  poor  quality,  of  which  I  cannot  give  any  ampler 
Tny,  than  by  my  free  and  glad  profession  of  it  to  the  world.  Besides  (and  it  was  not  the  least 
-agement  to  me)  many  of  eminence,  and  the  best  of  such,  who  disdained  not  to  take  notice  of  me, 
lot  thought  themselves  disparaged,  I  dare  not  say  honoured,  to  be  celebrated  the  patrons  of  my 
e  studies :  in  the  first  file  of  which,  I  am  confiaent,  you  shall  have  no  cause  to  blush,  to  find 
ame  written.  I  present  you  with  this  old  tragedy,  without  prologue  or  epilogue,  it  being  composed 
ne  (and  that  too,  peradventure,  as  knowing  as  this)  when  such  by-ornaments  were  not  advanced 
the  &bric  of  the  whole  work.    Accept  it,  I  beseech  you,  as  it  is,  and  continue  your  favour  to  the 

Your  servant, 

PHILIP  MASSINGER, 


DRAMATIS  PERSONJE. 


A  Steward. 


OBT  seniijr,  governor  of  Marseilles. 

OMT  junior,  hii  ton 

osT  jenior,  admiral  of  Marseilles. 

OST  Jttfitor,  hu  wan 

•srr,       \ 

JONKy   \asAtianUio iht gootrnar, 

»»         ) 

tEviLLx,  a  pretended  friend  to  Malefobt  aenior. 

ans,  a  poor  captain. 

Sea  Captains,  of  the  navy  of  Malefobt  junior 

SCENE.^Marseilles. 


An  Usher. 
A  Page. 

Theocrine,  datighter  to  Malefobt  tenior 
Two  Waiting  Women. 
Two  Courtezans. 
A  Bawd. 

Servants  and  Soldiers. 


TilK  UNNATURAL  COMliAT, 


Act  L' 


ACT  I. 


SCENE  I.— ^  Hall  in  tfu  Cuurt  ofJuMtiet, 

Enter  MoNTwivn-Li,  THBOCRt>E,   Usher,  Pag*,  and 
Waituig  Women, 

Monlr*  Now  to  be  motlest.  madttm,  when  you  are 
A  iuitor  for  your  futher.  wouW  appear 
Coarsrr  than  Hold np*H  ;  you  awhile  nitiHt  part  with 
Soft  silence,  tind  the  hhiiihing^a  of  a  virgin  : 
Though  I  mtist  grant,  did  not  tliia  cau.->e  command  it, 
They  ure  rich  jewcln  you  have  ever  worn 
To  all  men's  admiration.     In  tliia  ftge, 
If»  Ijt  nur  own  forced  importunity* 
Or  others  purchas*^  intercesaion,  or 
CorTU|ilingr  bnbps,  wo  ctin  mnke  our  approiflliei 
To  justice,  piiardt^d  from  u^  by  stern  power, 
We  bless  the  means  and  ijiduslrj% 

Ush,  Here's  music  [opium, 

[n  thi»  haf^  }»hall  wake  her,  though  nhe  had  drunk 
Or  r ttten  mandrakes*.    Let  coitmunuhTS  talk 
Of  cuaiions  to  m&kebreaches»  ipve  hut  fire 
To  this  petard,  it  shall  blow  open,  mnrlrmi. 
The  iron  doora  of  a  judj^e,  and  m^ke  you  eiitmnce  ; 
VVbeii  they  (let  them  do  what  they  can  J  with  all 
rhfsir  iiiioe9»  tlieir  culveririiv,  and  bnaiU^cost.      [lock 
Shall  cool   tJteir  feet  without;  diis  being  the  pick- 
That  never  fails, 

MQiitr,  Tis  true,  gold  can  do  much. 
But  beautv  more.     Were  I  the  govenior. 
Though  the  admiral,  your  futhf»r,  stootl  coni'tcted 
Of  wluit  he'Aaniy  doubted,  half  a  dozi*n 
Of  sweet  clo«*e  kiJtses  from  these  cherry  lips, 
With  some  »hort  active  conference  in  privata. 
Should  nign  Lis  gfeneral  panJoti' 

ThiNfC,  These  light  words,  sir, 
Do  ill  become  tlie  weiglit  of  niy  5od  fortune  i 
And  I  much  wonder^  vou.  tJuit  do  pmfess 
Yourself  to  be  my  father's  boN,om  friend^ 
Can  raise  mirth  tVom  his  misefy« 

Mmitr.  You  miijtake  me  ; 
I  ftliare  in  hk  calamity,  and  only 
Deliver  my  thong hia  freely,  what  I  should  do 
For  such  a  rare  pi^titioner  :  nnd  if 
You'll  follow  the  direction!*  I  prescribe, 
With  my  best  judgment  I'll  mark  out  the  wmj 
For  his  enlargement. 

Theac.  With  all  real  joy 
f  shall  put  what  you  counael  into  let, 
Pr<3vided  it  be  hooesL 

Mmtr,  Honesty 
In  a  fiiir  she  client  (tnist  to  my  e3t7>erience) 
Seldom  or  never  prospers  ;  the  world*s  wicked  ; 
We  are  men,  not  sainu,  sweet  lady  ;   you  mntit 

practice 
The  manners  of  the  time,  if  you  intend 
Tu  have  favour  from  it :  do  not  deceive  yourftelf 
By  huildirij^  too  much  on  the  ialse  foundation  a 
Ot  chastity  and  virtue.     Bid  your  wnit»*Fs 
Stand  further  otf,  and  I'll  come  neari»r  to  you, 

1    Warn,  Some  wicked  counseU  on  toy  life, 

•  Or  rafcn  mANtI rakes.]  HHl  c»bj*rv*«,  Ihit  **  tb«  ntan 
drakf  Ik  I  a  thitHtriftc  qiuUty,  iind  thut  it  mn*  uiied  by  the 
Ancii'ou  wbrti  tl»c)  wa»lc^  a  ti«rcoUc  o#  a  murt  |i«>wrrrul 
klivl/'  To  it»U  ibere  arc  pcrpctuiil  allaiiMii  in  uur  dd 
wftlpn. 


«  Worn,  Ne'er  doubt  it»* 
If  it  proc e»Hl  from  him. 

Page  1  wonder  ihwl 
My  loi-d  BO  nnich  offecta  him, 

UmH,  Thou'rt  a  cliildf. 
And  dost  not  understand  on  what  strong;  b<tsts 
This  frifudship's  raided  between  tbid  ^lontTB^riDe 
Andourlord,  Monsieur  Malefort ;  but  Illt««cbtfai« 
From  thy  years  tliey  have  hwn  joint  purchaawm 
In  fire  and  water  workn,  and  trucked  together. 

Ptit;t.  In  fire  and  water  works ! 

VJi,  Comtiioditieji^  boy, 
Which  you  may  know*  hereafter. 

Pa^t'.  And  Jeul  in  them* 
When  the  tnkde  1ih,h  given  you  over,  as  appeara  bf 
The  intn*ase  of  your  high  forehead^. 

£/*/u  Here's  a  cracky  ! 
I  tlotik  thev  suck  thi^  knowledge  in  their  milk, 

Pfige.  I  Li  ail  an  i^orunt  nurse  elae,     I  have  tied. 
My  lady's  *^rler,  nnd  can  guess —  [aur. 

Uih,  Peace,  infant  ; 
Tales  out  o'school !  take  he«d»  you  will  be  breock^d 
else.  [Thgocrms  rwtimu 

1  Tr<wn,  My  bdy's  colour  changoa. 

2  Worn.  She  fttU*  off  too. 

Thioe*  You  are  a  naughty  tnan,  indeed  you  arv  -, 
And  I  will  sooner  perish  with  my  father. 
Than  at  lliia  price  redeem  him. 

Montr*  Take  your  own  way, 
Your  modest,  le|i^  way  :  'tis  not  your  veil. 
Nor  moumtng  habit,  nor  these  creatures  tauy^bl 
To  howl»  and  cry,  when  you  he^^^in  to  whimper : 
Nor  following  ray  lonra  coach  in  tbe  dirt, 
Mor  that  which  you  rely  upon,  a  bnl>e» 
Will  do  it,  when  there's  somethitig  he  likes  better* 
Tht?ae  couTses  in  an  old  crone  of  lhrPoseore|, 
That  had  seven  years  tog;ether  tired  tb©  couit 
With  tedious  petitions^  and  clamours, 

•  t  Wwn.  jW«  douht  it 

ffU  yroctedfr&m  kirn.]  Tlie  cbsmcter  of  Mtmfrevillr  *• 

rued  wilb   iremt  l>esttty  and   prn|»rl«iy.    The  fixoduai  »i 
Uaicaaft!,  and  ib^  advice  Up  %\tt*  Tbc-ocrinc-.  faUy    |Mr 
^re  «.i  for  aiiy  act  of  irt«ther>  wr  crucify  h^  m«>  berr4n»'« 

t  lAb.  ThmCrt  a  child, 

And  dmi  nat  Hmttrttand.  ike.]  Tlila  »p«erh,  11  b   lmpo«i 
Me  ro  Mjf  whjf.  h«^  kKcn    biih'iu*   pfinnd  m  prtjar,  lJka«||b 
notblna  U.clirurcr  ihmi  that   Ibe  autbor  iiit  ant  It    for 
inia  wbichf   imkHil^  ^^  mm  as  rvitttlily  a«  any  oilirf  pml% 
tb«  play.  (Oiniiteil  UDiiitrntionaUy  in  Ei\H.  Illl3«} 

t     ^ OM  ap^MHirM  by 

^f  Iftrur  btt^li  fi^rchf'Nil  I    AUu*Uii|[*  P"* 


liii|i«,  fii   Ihf  preniaiurc    b-ilrlnes*  occaHMUrd     by  Jialitiit  l» 

(lie  couuuiMlUtt'*  Just   mcntimir^t ;  o»,  U  tn«y  br.  lo  tbr  faU 

iujj  till  of  UU  bair  fnun   ajpp :  ut  Ui«  w<iii4«n   Ui  An«i;nr«>A, 

^iXoi'  C(  <nv  /»erwffoi% 
^  I'sh.  //mf>  rt  crjck  t]  A  crack  h  «u  aixth,  «pngntly  buy  - 

Thus,  in  the  Drriit  isn  Amt : 

'*  If  VI L'  could  eti  <i  winy  t>ov  now.  Fn^liHr, 

That  vki'x^  »u  excelkiH  crnck^  \  <»ald  liiatmcl  hUn 

To  thp  gpeai  b«i<thi." 

Th«  wMd  occun  aijuin  in  ihe  BaM'tful  L^rrrr^  aitd,  Iftdrfd, 

ia  mo^t  of  our  olrl  pUy fi- 
ll Them  rourart  in  an  old  Cfonr   qf  thtrrfrt^rt^]   Tliit  «* 

prrwimi,  wbicli,  «•  Johoihiii    aay»,  mmti*   au    44*1    ltH»lblpa« 

ewe,  in  cootetopitioiiily  ut^\   (or  an  old  vtn^iuan,  by  all   (bt 

wNlrn  of  Mc»cu^«r*>    lime.    Th«»J«o»o«: 

** tcf  bliJi  ^UiMc 

Willi  lempcr'd  polwii  U*  reiaovt  Ihe  trmf.**      l>«#Ccster 

At»l  Shakitiear* : 
*«  -  take  tipi  lb«  baaianl ; 

Tftk'l  If  lip »  I  My;  g,lvi  iM  It**  r^n*n0."         Wiafirr'a  TW*e. 


m^ 


•X.B»fl^  L 


THE  UNNAI  UHAL  CU.uBAi. 


For  rlie  recoTi?rT  of  a  stfUfqtluig^*  huabond^ 

To  pif,  roraootii,  tlie  duties  of  one  to  her  ,— 

But  for  m  lad/  of  your  tFropiting^  betutieH. 

Your  youtlit  and  mvishing^  frotur^A.  to  ho|«  ouljr 

In  such  &  suit  *s  this  ts,  to  gain  far  our. 

Without  excknge  of  couTtosy* — you  conceive  me— 

Enter  BEArroKT  juniflr^  and  Bklgarde. 

Were  mfldness  at  thu  ibeiglit.     Hore'a  brivB  young 

Beaufort, 
The  rneteor  of  Manseille«*t.  one  that  holds 
Tl»6  •4<ivemor  bis  faeher's  will  end  power 
In  nj-'re  awe  than  his  own  !     Come,  com«,  advanee. 
Present  your  h^,  cramm'd  with  crowTis  of  the  sun}  ; 
Do  you  tJjink  he  cares  for  mone^  1  be  tores  pleasure. 
Bom  your  petition,  bum  it ;  be  doats  on  you. 
Upon  my  knowledge;  to  bis  cabinet,  do. 
And  be  will  point  you  out  a  certain  course, 
Be  tlie  cause  rij^bi  or  wrong,  to  have  your  futber 
Relei^  with  much  facilit/t  *  [Exi*, 

Tl^tiic.  Do  you  hoar  1 
Take  a  pandar  will]  you. 

Bt'iHj\jnR.  I  tell  tJiee  there  ia  neithw 
Empi  >yment  yet,  nor  money. 

Beig.  1  hiAve  comnuinded. 
And  nijeiit  my  own  means  in  my  country *s  service, 
I  n  hope  to  raise  a  fortune* 

fieauC  jun.  Many  hare  hoped  so  ; 
But  Lop(i*s  prove  seldom  certainties  with  soldiers. 

Bef^.  II  no  preferment,  let  rae  but  receive 
yiy  pay  that  i*  behind,  to  set  rue  up 
A  tB\'ern.  or  a  vaulting  bou^e;  while  men  lore 
Or  drunkenness,  or  lechery^  they'll  ne'er  f&il  me: 
Shall  t  have  that? 

Beanf.JuH,  Aii  our  prixes  are  brought  in; 
Till  then  you  mxnt  be  patient. 

Bei^.  In  the  mean  tim^, 
Kow  .Hball  I  do  far  clothes  ? 

H^Hj.jun.  As  moJit  captain*  do  : 
Philosopher-like^  c^rry  all  ytiu  hava  about  yoti$. 

B*ig,  But  bow  shall  I  do,  to  satisfy  coloo||,  mom- 
Tbire  lies  the  doubt.  [sieur  t 

Bmtif.jun,  That's  easily  decided  : 
^fy  f«tW*s  table's  free  for  any  man 
Tlt»t  hath  bom  afiiu^ 

J5f^.  And  there'*  good  store  of  meat? 

IUaui\jtin,  Never  iear  that. 

Delg,  111  seek  no  other  ori!tni>iry  then, 
But  be  bis  daily  gnest  without  invit«ment  ; 
Kod  if  my  atomacb  bold,  I'll  feed  so  heartily, 
As  be  aball  pay  me  suddenly,  to  be  quit  of  me. 

Beov/.jttiu  Ti^ahe. 

Bd^.  And  further 


•  For  tk^  Tficottnt  ^fa  ttrisgling  huMbttnd.]  The  old  eopf 
readi  Mramfitbtg, 

t  T%fmetnrqfUmnKU\9%^  It  iniy  br  proper  to  ohtenre 
acre,  once  ffir  ill,  Ibal  Mir^Ulem,  or  »*  Mn»tki>K«r  ipelts  it, 
MiraeSlis,  i*  eaiuUnily  lued  hy  him  at  a  IdsyllaMe,  wbldi, 
in  f^cc.  It  im. 

t  '-- ffvwnM  <^f  tht  tun  ;)   EicuM  d*  *oirit,  th«  be»r 

kiiid  of  rrtvima%,tnys  Cf^tgMVf,  tb»t  are  now  ma'k;  tliry 
hav*  m  kind  of  little  •.far  (nun)  on  ooe  tide.  Thia  coin  it  tte- 
■loeolly  iBKDtiiaaiKl  by  o«r  cM  writer«> 

^  PhUamapkrrUke,  Carry  all  you  kat^e  aho  t  pou.}  Alio 
dittf  to  tile  well  koown  saying  of  Sitoooidr*,  "  OinnlJi  run 
nMdun  porlo/* 

I  ; — to  mi^fy  fofoBj  manMieurf]  L  e.  the  en vin^t  of 


Btaif,ftin,  Away,  you  are  troublesome  j 
Deiig-ni  of  more  weight  —  -^ 

Beta^,  I  la  !  fair  Theocrine. 
Nay.  if  a  velvet  petticoat  move  in  the  front, 
Bulf  jerkins  must  to  tlie  reur ;  1  know  my  manner*  ♦ 
This  ia,  indeed,  great  busin4*sA,  mine  a  gew^w. 
I  may  dauoe  attendance,  ihiii  must  be  dispiitch'd,- 
And  suddenly,  or  all  will  go  to  wreck ; 
Cbvrge  her  home  in  the  flank,  my  lord:  nay,  I  itn« 
gone  air,  [  EtiL 

Besti/t jtin^Nay,  prvy  yon,  madam,  rise,  or  1*11  kne*^  1 
with  you. 

Page.  I  would  bring  you  on  your  kneas,  were  I  w 
woman. 

Bfituf.Jun.  What  in  it  can  deserve  ao  poor  a  n  one 
As  a  suit  to  me?     This  more  tbun  mortal  form 
Was  fashioD*d  to  command,  and  not  entreaPt : 
Your  will  hut  known  ia  served 

Theoc,  Great  sir,  my  ^ther, 
T^Iy  brave,  deterring  father  j^bnt  that  sorrow 
Forbid*  the  use  of  speech 

Beaitf.Jttn,  I  understand  you. 
Without  the  aids  of  those  interpreters 
Tlmt  full  from  your  fair  eyes  ;  I  know  you  labour 
The  liWrty  of  yoar  fatlier  ;  at  the  least, 
Ao  e)|ual*  bearing  to  acquit  himjelf : 
Atid  'tis  not  to  endear  my  service  to  you, 
Tbuug^h   I  mu»t  odd,  aud   pray  you  with   patipnce 

bear  it, 
Tis  hard  to  be  effected,  in  respect 
The  5tate*»  inconded  asi^inst  htm :  all  presumiii^, 
The  world  of  outrag***  liis  impious  sou, 
I  Tom'd  wofio  th&n  pirate  in  his  cruelties, 
I   Express 'd  to  this  poor  couutrv,  could  not  be 
;   Willi  such  ease  put  in  ejcecution,  if 
^'our  ftitb»»r,  of  late  our  great  admiral. 
Held  not  or  correspondence,  twooonived 
At  his  proceed  ingA. 

TA*jd.  And  must  hp  tlien  suffer, 
His  cause  unheard  T 

Beauf.Jun,  As  yet  it  is  resolved  so. 
In  their  determination.     But  suppose 
{For  I  would  nourish  hope,  not  kill  it,  in  yon) 
I  should  divert  the  torrent  of  their  purpose, 
And  render  theTit,  that  are  implacoble, 
Iinpartlsl  judges,  and  not  sway'J  with  spleen  ; 
Will  von,  I  dare  not  say  in  recompense. 
For  iBaCincludea  a  debt  _vou  cannot  owe  mti 
But  in  your  liberal  bounty,  in  my  suit 
To  you,  be  graciotis  ? 

The^f,  You  entreat  of  me,  sir, 
Wliat  I  should  oier  to  you,  with  confession 
That  you  much  undervalue  your  own  worth. 
Should  you  receive  me,  since  there  come  with  ycu 
Not  lustful  fires,  but  fair  and  lawful  tlnmes. 
But  t  must  he  eicused,  'tis  now  no  time 
For  me  to  diink  of  Hymeneal  joys. 
Can  he,  (and  pray  you,  sir,  consider  it) 
That  gave  me  life,  and  faculties  to  love. 
He,  as  he*i*  now,  rendy  to  l>p  (levoiir*d 
By  ravenous  wolvi*i,  and  at  tljsit  instant,  I 
But  entertain  a  thought  of  those  delights. 
In  which  perhop.*,  my  ardour  meets  with  yours  ! 
Duty  and  piety  forbid  it,  siir. 


the  colon  it  the  l«rgr«t  nf  {tn  human  tiilefti.n«i:  ll 
ftrvqaetifty  occori  In  t^«  Mine  tciite  it  bcrc,  in  our  old  pocti. 
Sole  fA*  Jr»7«. 

"  ^tH«4hn  from  flMh—wliibt  eohn  keep*  more  doLw 
Than  in«fiii«r«  nt  pl«)»,  or  Jipple^wtvcf, 
TTwl  wr*t)(lF  for  «  %Uvt." 


*  An  equal  h^nrituj^  A  Jru-t  Impartial  bparln^;  m  e^uaf  U 
rnnitanlly   uial  b>'  Ma<i<i<i(;<:r  ainil  hit  conlem|H*r;irtrii:   xhm 
Plelf  licj- : 
"  Wb4t  could  till*  fhirf  h;jve  done,  had  Itii  ci^mm?  bcrn  f^twl! 

He  miidt  my  bt.'an»trin*tii  tremble/'        Knight  qf  MaJltfi. 


TAK  UNNATUBAL  COMBAT. 


Aciti 


I\€itvf,jun^  Buttliia  effected,  sad  your  fatlier  free, 
Whnt  is  jour  answer  ? 

Thfoc.  Every  minute  to  me  I 
Will  \ye  a  iMlious  age,  till  our  ernhmoaa 
An*  wamintJible  to  the  world. 

Bfititf,  jun,  I  lu}^  no  more  ; 
Cfuifirm  u  with  n  lti*s, 

TAcv.  l  doubly  &e«l  it. 

Uiih,  This  wQiitd  do  bettor  alied.   the   btiaioesB 
ended: — 
They  ira  the  loving'it  couple  ! 

Enter  Beau  port  mnwr,  Montaicne,  Chamokt,  and 

L.iKoun. 

RftMuf.jun*  Here  comes  my  father^ 
With  die  Council  of  Wur :  tf«»Uv€r  your  petition, 
And  leave  the  rest  to  me.  [TA^w:.  ejj'eri  a  ftujier. 

BeauJ\  ufiu  I  Jim  Borry,  lady, 
Vouf  fafber'a  guilt  compels  your  innocence 
To  Kftk  what  I  lu  juHtice  muat  deny. 

Beanfjun,    For  my  soke,  air,  pniy  you  receiire 
aiid  ri»ad  it.  [nothinj:;', 

Bmu/.  sen.  Thou  foolii«h  boy  J    I  can  d«^iiy  iJieo 

Btttvf.jnn.  Thus  far  we  uro  hflppy,  madam  ;  fjuit 
Vcju  tilitdl  hi'ttT  how  we  succeed.  [the  place ; 

Tlitiie.  fiootlness  reward  von  ! 

[Etrurif  Tkioerifut^  Vaher^  ^«^^**  «"<'  Wnmen* 

Mtmt,  It  is  apparent ;  and  we  stay  too  long 
To  o«iiaure  Malffort*  a«  he  deaerrea. 

[The\f  t0k«  fM*  maU, 

Cham,  There  is  no  colour  of  reason  that  makes  for 
him  : 
Had  1h4  diKt'harged  the  truit  commiU<?d  to  him^ 
With  that  experience  and  fidelity 
He  practised  heretofore,  it  could  not  be 
Out  navy  i»hould  he  block'd  uji,  and.  in  our  si^ht, 
Our  c^oodt^  uiade  prize,  our  sailom  sold  for  slavea, 
By  hts  proili^ous  issue  f. 

Lan.  1  much  y^ieve, 
After  ao  many  bmve  and  high  achievemeata^ 
Ke  should  in  one  ill  forfeit  all  the  good 
He  ever  did  his  CJOUDt^]^^ 

Bmtff.  sen.  Well,  'tis  granted  f. 

BumuJ'.jiin.  I  humblv  thank  yoo,  sir. 

Beauf.  ten.  He  shall  have  hearing. 
His  irons  too  struck  off;  bring  him  before  of, 
Bat  seek  no  further  favour. 

Brauf^jun,  Sir,  I  dare  not.  [EitL 

BeuuJ\  lew.   Monsieur  Chamont,  jVIontaigne,  La- 
noiir,  aasistanta. 
By  a  commission  from  the  moat  ChruitiaQ  king, 
h  punishing  or  freeing  MaWforf^  [not 

Our  hitt^  great  admiral :  ihotii^h  I  know  you  need 
lustructicius  from  me,  how  to  dispovie  of 
YourAplves  in  this  man's  trial,  that  exacts 
Your  clearest  judgments,  gire  me  itmye^  with  fnTOur, 

*  To  cvfuurv  Mdltffort  &c.|  ^faUfort  h  licrc,  «n(l  tluroo^b- 

t   Ha  hi*   [tr i Ai ^ion»  i§itvf,\   i,  e.  tinu.itufal    horrlMr  pmr- 
tecit«'Ut  *.<  *>il;  lu  *l(i*  «  n**  it  i*  om-n  «|k|i|(n|   lo  c{<ti>el«, 
aOiiJ  oflirr  rilraonlliiinry  flfUM'Mrantri*  In  ilic  *ky 
**  KirhoLi  yun  roitirl  ikht-wi  l:ii>t  lirad  agjiiu  I 
TvKlct  hittli  »K-  thuji  nt  cfni»»  toriift  Ihruwn  cm  m 
Prndighm*  UnA»."  Tht  Himt^at  Uhorw, 

**  TI>I»  woman'*  Uirrintf,  her  «yc»  e'en  rwl  with  lliry 
Wblrli  like  ifroftigimm  mt.-ti<oni,  Tortiotd 
Awarrd  dvslmcUon  mrr  itltl  be  fan  itic-/' 

The  CaptAbt. 
.  B««iif.  wfi,   tt^ff.  Via  f^ranfe^L)  It  iippe»re,   tiuin  11m 
•ubat^'inrrif  *|^cc|»et,  ihni  youn^  Rr^ufort  bad  Imtcii  iuiUriUfi|| 
his  fattiri  to  4l|pw  MAlrtfln  xo  plead  i^iilioat  Ilia  rhNln> 


To  offer  my  opinion.     We  are  to  beair  him , 

A  little  looking  back  on  his  6itr  actioos, 

I^^'al,  and  true  demeanour ;  not  as  now 

By  the  geaersl  roice  abeadj  he's  cocidemu  VI , 

But  if  we  find,  as  most  helteve,  he  batli  hvsld 

lufelligence  with  bin  accuned  son. 

Fnlleii  off  from  all  iillegiatice.  and  turned 

(But  for  what  cause  we  know  not)  the  moat  bloodj 

And  fatal  etiemy  thii  country  ever 

Repeated  to  hare  brought  forth  ;  all  eoropttSAroa* 
•  ♦  ♦  •  •  '^m  i 

Of  what  be  was.  or  may  he,  if  now  purdon^d  j 
We  sit  engaged  to  censure  bim  with  ttll 
Extremity  and  rigour* 

Cham.   Your  lordship  shows  a« 
A  piith  which  we  will  tread  in. 

Ixtn*  He  that  leases 
To  follow,  as  you  k'tid,  will  lose  liimaelf. 

Morir.  Ill  not  be  singubir. 

Re-enter  BtAcmitT  junitrr^  tcith   MovmtvtLLK, 
Male  FORT  senhr^  Bf-UJardii,  und  O/jFrfra, 

Bivi  uf.  sen.  He  comes,  but  with 
A  ^Iniuge  distracted  look. 

Mttt^j'.  nen*  Lire  I  once  moref 
To  aee  these  hands  and  arms  free  !  theae,  that  oAm» 
In  the  moat  dreadful  horror  of  a  fight, 
Hare  been  as  ieamorks  to  tetich  such  as  were 
Seconds  in  my  attempts,  to  steer  between 
The  rocka  of  too  much  daring,  ajid  pale  A>ar, 
To  frtach  the  port  of  victory  !  when  my  sword^ 
Advanced  thuH,  to  my  enemies  appeared 
A  tiairv  comet,  tlireatt^niug  death  a.nd  ruin  | 
To  such  as  durst  behold  it !     These  the  legu, 
ThuL,  when  our  ships  were  grappled,  curried  me 


-  ttU  atrnftoMMou 


Of  what  tic.]  The  (Quarto  rrarfat 

— —  nit  comp^fMtitm 

0/whnt  hr  voi,  or  mttj/  be,  {fntm  pardrm^it  ; 
0|>r»u  MluL-h  Mr.  M.  Masod  oh*iri'Vr*,  "  Tttit   vrtii 
iiUimIh   i*   Dol   t«it*c;  if  ilie  wi^nla  afi  cv*mptimi< 
wt  ii>u*l  nec«f*aril>  *npim*f  ihal  Mng  luW  *tw.^ 
•ivf  H  ihiiitMr  Import,  hdivc  l>een  omiltcd  in  ih-    - 
llj,c  imm   ii.4tur.ll    iMnttniT  of  aiiteti(Un{(  tli- 
rfartii«|(  n*t  i'^imjtaM$ittH  *  the  w«ir<l  haotng  b> 

1  can  DtlVluT  r*'ct4ncik  m)«rir  lo  n(»o(>m}r„»T4<T/ 
mtsj^  Ac.  tior  u>  nlL     He  miglil.  It  tcqiiltlril,    Iw  ,i 
CnntionnfltT  n^  bvforr,   MtuI  tu^  such  a  i'Ucumttaiti  t 
cvirkmly  attiiilin.     i  believe  lh«l  n  Uiic  U  ton,  atxi  v*tiii  n^ 
\\vA\n.\Wn  wuulO  propo««  lo  lupj^ily  tlte  ebama  toiurwJuil  la 
I  bit  wa>  : 


:P- 


0/  Mm  ifmri  paiutd  owr,  0U  t 
O/trbAt  hm  too*,  or  mm§  A#,  (fa 
riV  tit,  Ac. 

t  ^f  Alcf.  wn.    fJf*e  I  mcf  m0re  iccJ  Tkitft  la  ■OMMhlst 
vrrv  Biirlkinf  in   the  Indiiinant  hnnt  (wT  uira|^  ovfvalaiioii 
^'Uh  which  thia  old  warrior  intmiduc***  hhnteli  tsn  the  aeeBai 
;   4  h^iry  comely  Act  f*o  Ui  FuimuB  TrtMv  ■ 

** —  rotnits  shwtb  thrir  JIuming  hatr  : 

Ttnt4  «ll  tmr  v^ari  werer  acieil  drrt.  on  hlt^ti. 
And  %*t'  liinRhl  i»liat  tu  iiNti,  for." 
Frtini  iliJK,  aiid  itin  |inji»a|i,o  In  tbi*  ttkl,  Mittpn,  who«pp«an^ 
try  vMriiiii*  n»a)k«  nf  iiuiuiion,  ls>  havi;  bc«n  a  CArf«fUl  rtadrr 
of  }kt4t»iii|i;trr,  |>r«>tMlkly  formvrl  the  mapUfieeat  and  awfal 
picture  wljich  fiiUiiV(»  i 

♦*  ^  On  ill-'  i.thtr  aid*, 

lltiurrifiMl,  and  llkr  'rf, 

Tlial  firnt  tlu'  l*'n!tth  1 1      , htiM 

In  the  arctic  *ky,  iwi  Ituii*  lu«  horrtrl  h«tr 
Shokr»  pt^rtilcnci-  and  war/'— ^— - 

(A  ntftre  r^cpliilt  illtiiUutJoo  ma^  be  qnotd  ffxan  Plittovrl 

H«»Mnd>  tranfljtlon  of  PUny,  t>.  U,  clA. 
"  Till  *c  bliii^ing  »tJim'»  the  Crctkea  call  cmnrloM  imr  floK 

manes  ariniias     dreadful   lo  b«   weoe  wilb   l»l<»iMtle  k^irm^ 

am)  all  «vcr  mugh  and  ahatK^d  lu  itw  top.  Ilka  iH*  iHiak  «l 

of  haire  upon  tbr  Head.)  Ko- 


mt 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMHAT. 


87 


jTirifi  motion  from  deck  to  deck, 
at  saw  it«  witb  amasemeat  cried, 
n  run,  but  1Ue»  J 
te  BttlJ  retnins 
leiA  of  bis  spirit 
ni.  Now  crampt  witli  irons^ 
nd  cold,  they  bardly  do  mtpport  m^-^ 
et  inyTOlf.     O,  mv  good  lords, 
lere  os  my  judgv*,  to  dptenuiin** 
|d  deoth  of  Malefort,  where  ar©  now 
Bt9f  tboae  cheerful  lookd,  tboiw  loud  np- 

ib,  whefi  r  rpturn'd  loeden  with  flpoil^ 

Uda'd  your  admiral  T  olVa  forgotten  : 

nd  htftt  to  |i^Te  aecoiint  of  that 

I  urn  u  free  and  innocent 

L  nercr  saw  the  eyes  of  him  t, 

1  I  stand  »u»pected. 

ten.  Monsieur  Malefort, 

tor  paasioii  so  ikr  transport  yoa, 

BTS  from  sny  private  malice, 

0  yoor  person,  you  are  tjuestionM  : 

m  Buppositioiid  i^-niit  weight, 

ivite  us  to  8  strong  nssunmce, 

jfn.  ]yiy  shame  * 

pa.  Pmy  you,  hear  with  patiimoe, — never 
fssLitance  or  sure  aids  from  you, 
sth  the  pirutes  of  At^era  X  and  Tunii}, 
le  that  you  had  almost  twice  dt*  femted. 
uch  credit,  as  witii  thi?m  to  be 
olute  commander  (pray  yon  ob9*n-ve  mv) ; 
ad  not  iome  contract  pass'd  between  ytju, 
en  occasion  served,  you  would  joiu  with 
m  of  Maraeillea.  [them, 

lior«,  what  urged 
to  turn  ap35tata  §  1 
Had  he  from 

,  or  iroremor,  the  least  ndglect 
ry  could  interpret  for  a  wrong  ?        [could 
'r.  if  you  slept  not  in  your  charge,  how 
ihips  ss  do  infest  oar  coast, 
i  in  ottr  own  harbour  shut  our  asry, 
mfoujEht  with  T 

t^  Th«y  put  him  hnnlly  to  it 
My  lornt,  with  a«  much  brevity  as  I  can, 
ir  e«rh  pnrticular  objection  [which 

icli  you  charf^e  me,    llie  mam  pxmnd,  on 
•  the  builditig  of  your  accnsatton, 
rence  to  my  son :  should  I  now  curse  him, 
m  tlte  agony  of  my  troubletl  soul, 
Hhad  found  him  in  his  mother's  womb, 
k'tis  from  Uie  purpose ;  and  1  therefore 

I  to  the  d^vil,  and  so  tears  htm* 
|]oyaI  fatlter  but  myself 
cherous  issue  T  wasH  in  me 

9  to  fiiahion  up  his  mind, 
vtioa  to  form 
i  to  his  hodv  !     I\Iu$t  it  follow. 


D^ciiu5e  that  be  is  impious,  I  am  felae  ?- 

1  would  ijot  Itoaat  my  actions,  yet  'tis  lawful 

To  uphnud  ray  benelifs  to  untliankful  men. 

Who  sunk  the  Turkish  gullies  in  the  streights, 

But  Malefort  ?  Who  reicuetl  the  French  merchant's, 

\\  hen  they  were  boarded,  and  stow'd  under  hatches 

By  the  Turate-i  of  Argier*,  whrn  every  minute 

Thtjy  did  ex^ject  to  be  chain  *d  to  the  oar. 

Hut  your  now  doubted  admu^l !  then  you  fill'd 

The  air  with  j»hnuts  of  joy,  and  did  proclaim. 

When  hoj*©  had  left  them,  and  grim4ook*d  despair 

Hower'd  with  sail-stretch'd  wings  over  their  heeds*, 

To  me,  as  to  the  Neptune  of  the  sea. 

They  owed  the  reslitution  of  their  goods. 

Their  lives,  their  liberties,     O,  can  it  tlieu 

Be  probable^  my  lords,  that  he  that  never 

Became  (he  master  of  a  pirute*s  ship. 

But  at  the  mtiinyard  bung  the  cuptain  up. 

And  caused  the  rest  to  be  thrown  over-hoard  j 

Should,  aft«r  ull  these  proofs  of  deftdl)-  luite, 

So  oft  express'd  against  them,  entertain 

A  thought  of  t|iiiarter  with  them  ;  hut  much  less 

(To  the  peqttitual  ruin  of  my  gloiies) 

To  join  with  them  to  lift  s  wicked  arm 

Against  my  mother-countrii*,  this  Marseilles* 

Which,  with  my  prodigal  expense  of  blood, 

I  have  so  oft  protected  ! 

iUanf.  sen.  What  you  have  done 
Is  granted  and  appluuded  ;  but  yet  know 
This  glorious^  relutmnt  of  vour  actions 
Must  not  so  bJind  our  juifgujentj*.  as  to  suffer 
This  most  unnstuml  crime  you  sUmd  accui*ed  of, 
1*o  pass  unquestjon'd 

Cham,  No  ;  you  mast  produce 
Reasons  of  more  Tahdity  and  weight. 
To  ple«d  in  your  defence,  or  wc  shall  hardly 
Conclude  you  innocent 

Mant.  The  Itwge  volume  of 
Your  former  worthy  deeds,  with  your  experience, 
Both  what,  and  when  to  do,  btit  makes  againat  you. 
i^n.  For  had  your  care  and  courage  been  tlie  same 
Ah  heretofore,  the  clangers  we  ore  plunged  in 
Had  been  with  ease  prevented. 

Mate/,  seu,  WlitJt  have  1 
Omitted,  in  the  power  of  llpsh  and  blood. 
Even  in  the  birtfa  to  strangle  the  designs  of 
lliis  hell-bred  wolf,  my  son  ?  alas  •  my  lords, 
I  am  no  gnd,  nor  like  him  could  foresee 
His  cruel  tlioughts,  and  cursed  purposes  ; 
Nor  would  the  sun  at  my  command  forbear 
To  make  bia  progress  to  the  niher  world. 
Affording  to  us  one  condiiuml  light. 
Mor  could  my  brealh  di«i>pr.4i^  those  foggy  mists, 
Cover'd  with' which,  and  drtrkness  of  the  night, 
Their  navy  undistern'd,  mtliout  resistance. 
Beset  our  harbour  ;  make  not  that  ray  fault, 
Which  you  in  justice  must  ascribe  to  fortune. — 


P  ihrrr  om  my  ju4gr»,  to  dffemtinf^  If^,  which 
il>e  jaietrv,  i«t  now  firat  tri'^trrte't  frum>W  t»l<1cfip^» 
>e»  q/'  hum.l  So  tbe  old  co^y  :  vh^  titcKkrii  ediltjrt 

.»   iht  piraiew  i\f  AfKicm]     Arek'ti  b    I  be  &1rl 
l«  tH«t  uC  every    auihur  of  M«.«9iiie^r'«  time 

'  Where  w«i  sbc  bora  T  ipcak  ;  tcU  me. 


^  to  Ajitter/'— Ed,J 

avariably  modernise  it  into  A^j^a, 
Wmto  \um  «po#t4ly]The  mftrlcrti  i.iliton,  •» before, 
fflif '.        (Sc*    note    lu     Yirg\n  Martyr g  Jict   jv. 


*  Horer'd  with  »«U  »irctdi*d  wlajsi  over  iJMr  headM,]    So 
JoDflon  ; 

"  — ^ n'er  oar  ht'iwi* 

Black  raivttiuiifi  nun,  with  hrr  §aU  ttretch'd  nfhigtt 
Beady  to  »jink  n»  duwij,  Ami  cuvtrr  n*" 

Evtry  Afun  tmt  *(f  Aiv  Humomr. 
Aatl  Fkuhpr :  .  .. ,     * 

"Fix  hvm  sad  rc^i  awhile  your  $ail'Mtretch  d  mnif*, 
Tbai  have  ontfiilpt  the  wind*,"  The  ProphvUu. 

MlUon,  liwi,  hft«  iUv  t*mv  ht*h\  ixprcwiSon  :  ibc  nriglPid  t» 
which  lhf>  are  »U  iDilL-bttHl,  i*  a  Aublioie  pnMi^e  in  the 
Faiiy  Qnctfu.     B,  I.  c.  li.  n.  III. 

t  Th%9  tiotiiMmrelatitm.]  Our  mWI  writers  rrpqneaUy  ii*e 
Ihli   word  in   \.hn*tU!K  of  glorlMmt  vain,  buAAtfid.  oiteti- 

UllloilA. 


Bftt  if  tliat  aor  my  fboBa-  mSM^  vor  ir^ 
I  ha^e  drHircr'd,  can  |aw«l  with  Toa« 
To  Mka  |«od  mj  lataEB^  wmd  Mk ; 
Shi m tkit  WtoB  ■Hlpladh  ooi  tks  I 
TlHlktffcbfai«wId7aL  [Jt 

Btevf.  JM.  Ilofw  !  m  tmrnfivc ! 
Cii<)iiiro  tiio  canafr.  [£nt  J 

IMff.  va.  Tboa  teardiK  of  Baa'*  kevta* 
And  fare  daliafedar  of  iltt  iaaoeest, 

aal  laok'd  oa) 


(If  f  o«]ier  ojia^  I 
If  I  in  tlik  wat  gail^,  itti 
Of  bf  JOBW  anftxpected  i 
I  na  accoMd  anjasdj  ! 


iZf^ortrr  MoirrmEViiXE  inik  m  Sea  Captaia. 

Bmnf,  «ra.  Spfak  tlw  Botitrca 
lliat  birin^  tlwa  Utber  ! 

H«  dota  lalate  jaa  Cuiiy,  mod  desirea 

It  may  be  uaderstood  no  pablic  bats 

Hatb  broafbt  bim  to  31ars«ilka ;  nor  sf«ks  ba 

Thfi  rain  of  bia  coontiy,  but  aims  only 

To  wreak  a  pnrate  fmmg  :  mad  if  Inaa  too, 

H^  maj  bare  leare*  and  libcrtf  to  decide  tt 

la  Btajrie  oombat,  bell  rire  up  good  pledgvs. 

If  ba  fall  in  tbe  tnal  of  bi«  ri^t. 

We  abaU  wetfrb  aacbor,  and  ao  moia  molaiC 

Tbie  town  witb  boatila  wrma, 

Bm*^,mm.  Spaak to tba Km, 
If  ia  tlus  inaMOoe  be  ^ipear  to  ^roa 
To  wbom  ^ou  bring  thu  cballenge. 
CtpU  Tis  to  vou. 
Bcaa/lim.  IlUimtber! 
StoHtr,  Con  it  be  ? 
Btttuf.juM,  Strange  end  prodigious  ! 
Mat^,  Jtn.  Tboo  seeit  I  stand  unjaored :  were 
Uiy  Toica  tbandcr, 
Jt  eboijd  not  abake  me  ;  tar,  irbat  would  tb«  riper  ? 
Cu/»i.  I1ie  farareoce  a  father*!  name  may  cballange* 
And  duty  of  a  ton  no  more  renaambcr'dt 
He  does  ddy  thee  to  tbe  deatb. 

MaUf\  ten.  Go  oo<  [Uead, 

Caph  And  ^-itli  Ilia  sword  will  prove  it  on  thy 
Tlioti  art  a  murderer,  an  atheist ; 
And  tb^  idl  attributes  of  men  tum'd  fufiea 
Cannot  ezpnoa  tbae  ;  tbia  be  arill  maka  good. 
If  tboQ  dar St  prive  him  meeting. 

MuUf.  ten.  Dare  I  live  1 
Dare  I,  wheu  mountains  of  my  sins  o'enrbdm  tne^ 
At  mv  hist  gasp  ask  for  mercj !  how  I  bless 
Tbj  coming,  captain ;  nerer  man  to  me 
Arrired  so  opportunely ;  and  thy  rae^^gp, 
Howerer  it  may  seem  to  threateii  death, 
Doas  yield  to  me  a  second  life  in  curing 
My  wounded  honour.    Stand  I  yet  suspected 
As  ft  eonfedi'Titte  witb  this  enemy « 
Whom  of  sU  men,  against  all  ties  of  uature, 
IJti  marks  oat  for  destruimon  t  you  are  just, 
Iiiimr»rt«l  Powers,  and  in  Um»  mt«rciful ; 
And  It  tales  from  my  lorrow,  and  my  shame 
For  being  the  father  to  ao  bad  a  son, 

•  -    mdiffnmpim 

ij0  mair  JUrar  Imrt,  Ac]  TUh  pisMct  is  ittry  iiicwTc««fy 
poistMl  In  lilt  furtucr  mtiliooi^ 


ia  tbat  pm  an  pleaaed  to  aithr  op  tbo  »• 
To  My  eonveiaon.    Blosb  and  r^ioat 
Aa  joa  an  booad,  mr  hcciourabia  lorda» 
To«r  iD  opiakMa  of  me.     Not  grwt  Bratna 
Tbe  fabwoftbo  Roman  blterty 
Witb  Bora  atiiiiiad  eoostancy  Miald 
;  Ula  liaitar  aflua,  for  labouring  to  call  home 
I  Tba  baniaii'd  Tarq  uina,  scourged  witli  rods  to  death, 
Tban  I  will  abew,  wbc«i  I  take  back  tbe  life 
Tbaa  fmdigy  of  mankind  loceared  from  ma. 

Ban^,  sfK,     Wa  are  aony,  monaaaur  Makfbrt, 
Mir  oor  avror^ 

witb  your  reaolution  ; 
Bat  tba  di^iari^  of  years  and  atrengtb. 


[icidfL    And  aio  maeb  1 


iraea  too  tod  your  son,  duly  coaaider*d. 
We  iKioold  not  ao  axpoae  yon. 

Ma^.aai.  Tbm  you  kiU  me. 
IMar  fgrnanem  to  care  me.     O  my  lords. 
Am  jtm  lore  bonour,  and  a  wroug'd  ntan'a  fiuna, 
D«By  mm  not  tbia  6ir  and  noble  meaoa 
To  maka  ma  right  again  to  all  the  world. 
Sboold  any  ocber  bot  myself  be  chosao 
To  psaiab  this  apoeUta'wtth  deatb*, 
YoQ  fob  a  wiacc&ed  £uber  of  a  justioe 
Tbal  to  alJ  aAar  toaaa  win  be  recorded. 
I  wiab  bia  itrmgtb  wars  centuple,  lua  aldtl  equal 
To  my  ezperienea,  dait  in  bis  fall 
He  may  not  abame  mj  Tictory  I  1  feel 
Tbe  powers  and  apinu  of  tw«n^  atrong  men  in  aie. 
Were  be  witb  wild  fire  cirded,  I  undaunted 
Would  nttka  way  to  hiA^ — As  you  do  affect,  air^ 
My  daagbiar  Tbeoericiat ;  a^  you  are 
My  tma  and  andant  fnmd ;  as  tbuo  art  raUaiit} ; 
And  as  alt  lore  a  aoUier,  aeoood  me 

In  this  my  just  petition.     In  your  looks 
I  see  a  grant,  mr  lord. 

Bsaa^.  am,  l^oo  shall  o*erbear  m^e  ; 
And  aince  yon  arp>  so  confidiait  in  yoor  oiuiae, 
Preoara  you  for  the  combat 

Maltf,  jp«.  With  more  joy 
Tban  yet  I  erer  tasted  :  by  tbe  next  ana, 
Tbe  diaobedient  rebel  shall  hear  from  mo. 
And  ao  returo  in  safety.      [  To  the  Captain*}     My 

good  lords. 
To  all  Biy  aerrice,— I  will  die,  or  purchaaa 
Rest  to  Marseilles  ;  nor  can  I  make  doubt. 
But  his  impiety  is  a  potent  charm, 
To  edge  my  sword,  and  add  «treagtb  to  my  arm, 

[  KtemitL 

*  Tm  pmdJk  tki*  upoptati  mitk  ^milhA  Roth  rh,  .^iium 
rrwl,  re^aaisllAlf  MpMUte  «oa  ir'  olb 

a»iwhi«f  Hi  sitrriiif  an  aaibor^i  Ua^i-  ,,trp 

(loei  ooiMiKNirae^  fw^lcd  tcniu,  ^^  _.,i 

wonti  of  oar  own  lo  eumplri?  I(.     Ay^^t', 
wtnt  my  w«||:  \mt  Ctrnvter  and  M.  Ma>^ 

mlard  tu  wrife  Mgioiifallf,  rmind  thetuirh  n  ^  

Mom  to  it,  mad  tbu  ^nfrebtcd  tkc  orifiasl  wxfuvm^tuu. 

f  Mp  dat^hirr  Theocfittv  ;1  Thtticrimt  k  con»i4nlU  a*nl 
o  a  ^osilrityUable.  It  »ho«ld  be  otkMrVrd  (bat  n*  I)ir9ii>t7 
sad  the  iiAintrt  mre  Prrnrh.  Matsiticvr  Mlitpi«  thr  PrwcU 
MKNlvof  enonbcinj    th^»u.    The    rraacr  tnu»l  t^ir    ttil*   Is 


'  m§  thvu  ttft  f^fiant;]    Tttt*  U   *^\i\   f«  ibv 


mlatf. 

I 
cspUln   who   brcNigjkl  the   ctinUrnjtc  :  (ttr  oihci   iMrrwfra  wA 
Jflivd  nnt  yvmug  Bvnefbrt  nmX  MoutrrviUe.     it  ^|>pr4r•,  Tfvm 
the  pnintifti; orih«  ftmaer cdliioBB,  tkai  the  [»«ttifew*i  »9i 

IIIWlprtltCNM). 


R  L] 


THE  UNNATTTRAL  COMBAT. 


59 


ACT  IL 


SCENE  I. — An  open  Space  ttyidiout  the  Citijf, 

Enter  three  Sea  CapMUDS. 
Capt,  He  did  acrept  the  ciialtenget  then? 
Corpl.  Xay  more, 

overjoy 'd  in't ;  and,  as  it  had  been 
or  inritflment  to  a  solemn  feast. 
not  m  evnnhat  to  conclude  with  desCfa, 
lie«rfdllT  embraced  it. 
Cnpt    Are  the  article§ 
'd  to  on  both  partji  ? 
Capi.  Ac  the  father's  anit, 
I  much  unwillingneai  the  governor 
lented  to  them. 
Ccpt,  Yon  are  inward  with 
admiral ;  could  you  y«t  never  leem 
t  the  nature  of  the  quarrel  i^,  that  rend«ri! 
■on  more  tljon  incensed,  implacoMe^ 
Dst  the  father! 
Capf.  Never  j  yet  I  have, 
IT  aa  roannera  would  give  warrant  lo  it, 
I  my  beat  ciiriouaneM  of  care  observed  him* 
'e  aat  with  him  in  his  cabin  n  day  together*, 
lot  a  syllable  exchanged  between  us. 
be  did  ofteD^  a5  if  inward  grief 
raelaocboly  at  that  instant  would 
;e  up  hia  rital  spihts,  and  now  and  then 
IT  or  two*  as  in  deriiion  of 
toughneaa  of  his  nig^ged  temper,  would 
DO  hia  hollow  cheeks,  which  but  once  felt, 
iden  flaah  of  fury  did  dry  up  ; 
byJDg  then  his  hand  upon  biji  sword, 
roold  murmur,  but  yet  so  «a  I  oft  heard  him, 
^m11  meet,  cruel  father,  yes,  we  sball ; 
n  I'll  exact,  for  every  womaniah  drop 
»now  &om  tbeee  eyre,  a  striet  accompt 
Dch  more  firom  thy  heart 
Copt.  'Tie  woodroua  strange. 
Capi.  And  peat  my  spprehension. 
dipt.  Vet  what  nmlces 
gairacle  greater,  when  from  the  maintop 
Ti  deecned,  all  thoofr^ts  that  do  concern 
leif  laid  by,  no  lion,  pinch'd  with  hunger, 
ea  hanueff  more  fiercely  from  hh  den, 
he  cornea  on  the  deck  ;  and  there  bow  wisely 
ivee  directiotis,  and  bow  stout  be  is 
I  executions,  we,  to  admiration, 
been  eyewitnesses :  yet  be  never  aunt's 
DOoty  when  'tis  made  ours  :  but  ns  if 
tanker,  in  the  purchase  of  the  prey, 
-hted  him  much  more  than  the  reward, 
riU  made  known,  he  does  retire  himself 
B  private  contemplation,  no  joy 
MS*d  by  bim  for  Hctory. 

Enter  Malefortjuhmv. 
IWpt.  Here  he  comes, 
rith  more  cheerful  looks  than  ever  yet 
him  wear. 

ief'.jun.  It  was  long  since  resolved  on, 
nut  I  atagger  now  [in'ft].     Msy  the  cause, 
rofoea  me  to  this  unnatural  act, 

lenr  aef  with  him  in  Au  cabin,  &c.]  Tlii»  IwiiiOriit 
tt  espmaiaic  cnnceakct  rcirnlmfiit.  dcierve*  to  b« 
!«d  by  evcrjr  rc-atfcr  ot  f*9^c  mhA  )i>d^in«nL  Coitarta. 
r  mmet  t  ttayjffrntmf  \\f\'<t].  In  t\ui*M  copy,  *  sy|. 
It  drupt  ont^Mrhkk  r«ti(tvrxth«  Jtiic  quite  iiiimetrke«l 


Be  buried  iu  everlasting  silence. 

And  I  find  rest  in  death,  or  my  revenge  ♦ 

To  either  I  stand  equal*    Pray  you,  gentleman. 

Be  rh&ritnblc^  in  your  censures  of  me. 

And  do  not  eniertain  a  false  belief 

That  1  am  mad,  for  undertaking  that 

Which  must  be,  when  effected,  still  repented. 

It  adds  to  my  calamity,  that  1  have 

Discourse*  and  reason,  uid  but  too  well  know 

I  can  nor  live,  nor  end  a  wretched  life, 

But  both  wsys  I  am  impious.     Do  not,  tlierefore, 

Ascribe  the  perturbation  of  my  soul 

To  a  servile  fear  of  death  :  1  oft  have  view'd 

All  kinds  of  his  inevitable  darts, 

Nor  are  they  temble*     Were  I  condemned  to  leap 

From  the  cloud-coverM  brows  of  a  steep  rock, 

Into  the  deep  i  or  Curtios  like,  to  fill  up. 

For  my  country's  safety,  and  an  after  name. 

A  bottomless  abyss,  or  charge  tlirougb  fire. 

It  could  not  BO  much  shake  me,  &s  th*  encounter 

Of  this  day's  single  enemy. 

1  Capt.  If  you  please,  sir, 
1  ou  may  shon  it,  or  defer  it. 

Malefljun,  Not  for  the  world  : 
Vet  two  tilings  I  entreat  you  :  the  first  is, 
Voull  not  enquire  the  difference  between 
Myself  and  him,  which  as  a  failier  once 
I  honoured »  now  my  deadliest  enemy  ; 
The  last  is,  if  1  fall,  to  bear  my  body 
Far  from  this  place,  nnd  where  you  please  inter  iL — 
f  should  say  more,  but  by  hi^  sudden  cooling 
I  em  cut  off. 

Fnf^r  &EL\upoRT  Junior  and  MoNTasvii.ij(,  teading  in 
M^LEfORT  seuier  ;  bEi.<:iARDE J oltmcing,  u;ith  cihen^ 

Bmu/.jun.  Let  me,  sir,  have  the  honour 
To  be  your  second. 


I  have  DO  gmt  cDtiAclrnceln  ihr  gcnuineiiesiotwhit  I  hsve 
inserted  between  brackcis:  it  ii  hantilfia,  biiwevcr,  tod 
•erve*,  ••  FilaiJiff  sa>»,  ii»fill  n  pM  !ih  wrU  hp  ■  better. 

•  It  addt  to  mj/  catamitv,  that  J  haw 

DiKoarK  amd  rfoum]  U  b  very  UlfliruJt  lo  detemiine 
(lie  precife  meaalog  which  our  ■ncesiors  gnvc  to  dijuamrxf  ^ 
ot  to  dutiofslsh  me  tine  wbicti  aepnratcK)  U  fmm  rfOMttru 
Per!h«ps  Jt  indicatefl  a  mart  rapid  dcdiicikrn  of  r.>nii4qiit  Dcea 
from  prpn)li>ct,  tbui  was  «DppuH>d  lo  hv  etterttd  by  reu- 
froo  :— bat  I  rpeak  wiih  ht^jiiiaiion.  The  :icutt  GlativilJi*  f»y«, 
"  The  act  of  the  miod  which  cfmiierift  pro]ioitiiiuii»f  ^ind 
dcdocctb  vonctntliMiii  from  themt  *he  H^hool*  called  di«cvi<rji^« 
and  we  BhaJLufit  miscall  It,  Jr  we  usutw  it  retufm/'  Whut- 
ever  be  Ihe  scnBe,Mt  fi^tnifnfly  appearit  in  our  nlci  virUei^, 
by  whom  it  ia  utually  coiipUd  wiih  rmium  or  Juffffmrntt 
which  Ian  thoukt  »ee»n  to  be  Ihe  more  proper  word.  Thui 
h>  the  Cit^  Madam ; 

"  Sof  h  a»  want 

BiMcourm  and  judgement,  and  tbronsb  weskncss  f*ll, 
May  merit  men'f  efrnipaaflioDi.'' 
Again,  in  the  Ctt^eontb: 

"  Why  »hfiakl  a  man  that  1mi  dieemirae  and  reaatm. 
And  kncpvia  how  near  he  h>»e»  ttl  in  thctc  Ibingt, 
Covi-t  ro  have  hii  ^i>he»  Mltined  t" 
Tiic  reader  rcmembcrt  Ihe  e^icUmnUun  of  flamlt'i, 
"  Oh  beaven  !  *  bcaat  Ihal  watiiJi  divconrw  o/resisAn,  &r. 

"Th|«,"  layi  WarburtoD,  who  conirivc^i  tu  bliTuitcr  with 
mere  incexmity  than  ntnaJty  fnM«  t&  the  lot  of  a  ciJininfnU- 
lor,  *'  it  Ancly  eaprefaed.  and  with  a  phllo«(>pl«iral  exartiiiitt ; 
Bcasta  want  Bot  muon,*'  cihlj  \$  a  nvwdi9cfMten,%}  "  but  the 
^ieemwee  qfreamm ;  i.  c.  the  regulHr  inrcmti|  one  (hir>g 
from  aooitier  by  the  atalttiirtce  of  nnivcrjiBl*"!  DhcvnrKi 
tif  rc»mn  n  m  poor  and  perplexed  a  phra^e,  thai  wit luim 
rviiord  for  Uie  "  philfwophical  vx;Bcrne»"  of  ShukAftenre,  I 
»hould  diBDia*  it  al  once,  for  what  I  tjelievc  (o  t>e  bis  genuine 
lanjl^uage  ; 
'*  O  beavea  t  •  bcsit  that  wtnU  dlacoorse  and  reaion,"  4tc. 


40 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


[Act  U.\ 


^Sontr.  With  your  pardintf  »ir, 
I  tnust  put  in  for  thnt,  since  our  Iried  fmndsbtp 
HotK  Uiited  from  our  infancy. 

Hfljs-  1  have  wrrpd 
lTnd«»r  your  command,  and  you  UtT©  seen  in«  fi?yht, 
And  hiuidsomelv,  thougli  I  say  it ;  »ntl  if  now  *» 
At  this  doirnright  pkmt\  I  may  but  hold  ywuf  curds, 
I'll  not  |»uJl  dowTi  lU«?  sidft. 

jVfi/W.  1^.  I  rest  much  hound 
To  vour  HO  nohle  ofFprj*,  and  I  hop© 
f>lijtll  find  your  pjmloTi,  ihoujf^h  I  now  refiinn  them  } 
For  which  I'll  \ield  strong  reaaons,  but  tm  hrielly 
Ai»  thv  time  wild  ^re  me  Wre.     For  me  to  borrow 
f  Thttt  am  supposed  die  weaker )  nny  aid 
rrnm  tlip  aasistiuicp  of  my  *i*cond's  sword, 
Mi^ht  writ©  me  dovm  m  the  bhick  list  of  ttiose 
Thtit  hjivi*  nor  fire  nor  spirit  of  their  own  ; 
But  djitv,  luid  do,  as  they  deriv*^  their  coum^e 
From  his  exjimpli?,  oo  wboHe  help  nud  valour 
They  wholly  do  de]H»nd.     Lt^t  this  suffic  e 
In  my  excuse  for  that.     Sow,  if  you  plea^^ 
On  both  parts,  to  n-tith  to  yonder  mount, 
Where  you,  a,s  in  a  Itonum  thealre, 
May  »ee  tlie  bloody  difference  determined, 
Your  fRVour^  ineet  my  wisht«». 

Miit^'f.  Jvn,  'Ti»  approved  of 
By  me  ;  and  I  conuoand  yoo  [To  hit  CWplutiff]  lead 

the  way, 
And  leave  me  to  my  fortune. 

Beauf^jun,  I  would  glndly 
B«  ■  spectator  {  &ince  1  nm  ifenied 
To  be  an  actor )  of  each  blow  and  thrust. 
And  punctually  ohserr©  tUem. 

MiiUf.Jun,  V'ou  shall  hftvo 
All  vou  desire  J  for  in  a  word  or  two 
1  mu<it  make  hold  to  entertain  the  time 
If  he  give  stiffra^  to  it. 

Mfilcf,  ten.  Yes,  I  will  ; 
I'll  bt^iir  thee,  aiul  theu  kill  thee  :  m\y,  fan*well. 

MntfJ.jun.  Emhroce  wiiJj  love  oti  Wtli  sidea^iuid 
Lenve  deudly  hate  and  ftjry*  [with  ui 

Maief\  sen.  From  ihi»  plnce 
You  neVr  shdl  see  both  living-. 

fiftg.  W  hat's  |>aAt  help,  is 
B«yond  prevention. 

[Thetf  ttHbrace  m  Itoth  ii<i#i,  and  take  Ifttw 
aet^rattti  of  the  fatktr  and  Mm* 

Molef*  if II.  Now  we  are  alone,  »if  ; 
And  thou  hast  liberty  to  unlotnl  tlic  burtlien 
Which  tlmu  gnmnVt  uiidt't.     S|>eak  thy  |^ef«. 

Matff^Jun.  I  shall,  »ir  ; 
Btit  in  a  perjilexM  form  and  method,  which 
\nM  only  can  inierjiret ;    Would  you  had  not 
A  giulty  knowledge  in  your  bosom,  of 


At  th, 


^mmit,  i  may  tmt  htttd  jftmr  rnrdM, 

n    Itvc    *lkle,]  i,  «•♦    I'll    mtl    injiirr   ynnr 

'rti«#ton  tiic»i»«    M    Ut«  Crttmt    Duke  iif 


**  Voa,   Pnfj-  yon  pantc  «  Ht*l<f. 

If  I  hotd  yuiir  c«nl*t  f  t^UmU  puU  dotfin  the  tU^, 

1  Kfii  ii'tt  g*»tti  »t  U>«  grtme/' 
Tltt;  itllu*t<iri  \t  (u  4  [»4ri>  nt  < nr^tt ;  to  «rl^  Mp  a  f^,  WM  to 
b«[*niTic  |i4ritier!i  iti  «  ifiim' ;  to  j>»iH  «f  phtfik  down  «  ttdt 
(iot  Ii4ii|>  ili«r!tv  lormit  an?  fiHiml  in  our  i»kl  |^4)>)  w*i  to 
iM'i  4«iii«i  it*  Imm  l>y  iinormicr  or  tr«4cli«ry.  Thtit,  In  th* 
Faraan't  tLrUl^j  : 

AnU  Id  thi>  M 

>  '  '  ■.  tJiko  Iwr  Mrt, 

rh(.r    I   uil!  rtinn-  It, 
"  Site  wm  |r/U(  A  dowK  a  mde,  alie  docs  «al  tat  It** 


Tlie  lan^a|9;e  which  you  forcfi  me  to  delircr. 

So  I  were  nothin§r  ?  A  a  you  are  m>  fatiier, 

I  hend  my  knee,  »nd,  uncompeird.  profes* 

My  hf»',  and  all  thsil's  raiiie,  to  Imi  your  gift; 

And  that  in  a  s^jn'**  duty  I  sfujid  bound 

To  lay  this  head  l»enealli  yo«r  f<pet,  and  run 

All  desjxrate  hazards  for  your  ease  a«*l  safety  : 

But  lliia  ronfest  on  my  pari,  1  rise  up, 

And  not  a«  with  a  fatiier.  (all  re^rtect, 

Ijove,  f*?or,  and  reverence  caat  off,;  but  aa 

A  witked  man^  1  thus  expostulate  with  yotu 

Why  Itnve  you  done  that  which  1  dare  not  epiiik, 

And  in  the  uction  chanp^ed  the  humble  aliaptt 

Of  mv  obedience,  to  reht^llious  rage,  [ina^ 

Atid  insolent  pride  7  and  with  shut  eyes  coiisti«ia*d 

To  nm  my  bark  of  honour  on  a  tshelf 

I  must  not  see,  nor,  if  I  «uw  it,  shun  it  ! 

In  my  wr^irngs  nature  auffera,  and  looks  buckiRtfd, 

And  munkind  tremblei  to  see  me  pursue 

Wliat  beasts  would  fly  frooi.     For  when  I  advatiee 

This  sword,  aa  1  must  do,  against  your  head« 

Piety  will  weep,  and  filial  duty  mourn. 

To  iee  their  altars  which  you  built  up  in  me. 

In  a  moment  raxed  and  ruin'd.     •That  you  eouhl 

(From  ray  ^eved  soul  I  wish  it)  but  pruduea, 

To  qualiiy.  not  excu»i%  )our  deed  of  horror. 

One  seeming  reason,  that  I  might  fix  here. 

And  move  no  further ! 

Mairf,  mn.  Have  I  so  far  lost 
A  father's  power,  tliat  I  mutit  give  accoupt 
or  my  actions  to  my  son  ?  or  must  I  pkMd 
As  a  fearful  prisoner  at  the  bar,  while  hie 
That  owes  hij^  beinp^  to  me  sits  a  judf^ 
To  censure  that,  which  only  by  myself 
Ought  to  hi^  i|ueatinn'd  ?  mountains  aooner  fall 
Beneslh  their  valleys,  and  tlie  lofty  pin© 
Pny  homage  to  the  bmnible,  or  what  else  is 
Pre|KMiterous  in  nature,  ere  my  tongu« 
In  one  short  syllable  yields  satisfaction 
To  any  doubt  of  thine  ;  nay,  though  it  were 
A  certuinty  disdain mg  argameot  I 
Since,  though  my  deeds  wore  hell's  blark  livtry,  * 
To  thee  they  should  appear  triumphid  robn^. 
Set  off  iR-ith  glorious  honour,  thou  Imog  fmund 
I'o  Si*e  with  my  eyes,  and  to  hold  tliiit  rt-a^nn. 
That  Lakes  or  birth  or  fa-shion  irofn  my  will. 

Mulef.jufu  Tliia  sword  divides  thai  slaviah  knot 

Mate/,  fen.   It  cannot : 
It  cannot,  wretch  ;  and  if  tliou  btit  remember, 
From  whom  thou  hadst  this  spirit,  thou  dar*«t  not 

hope  It. 
Who  train'd  thee  up  in  arms  but  I !     Who  Isuflit 

thee 
Men  were  men  only  when  they  durst  looJt  dows 
With  scorn  on  death  and  danger,  and  eonteniA*d 
All  oppoaitjon,  till  plumed  Victonf 
Had  madci  her  constant  stand  upon  tlii«r  heliurtal 


•  Thnt  ^im  ctmid  4e.j  O  thtt,  &c.  TliU  amli^Wva  af  di« 
slEti  nf  the  optative  ibiprJc-cUon  b  common  to  idl  oar  «M 
draiiMiUt*- 


— —  riWplaiB«l    Victvrv 


ttnd  Rvo^ff  Asr  tvmahmi  §tand  upim  thtir  hrimett ']    lliii 
noble  ttstAKf   •K'vius   to  liav«  been  copied    by   JMiltun^  wtw 

"I!  I  ^I'll  ihr  iky,  ■nd  «n  I 

S^l   '  Trf;" 

And«  la  an^-i-  :,'''- 

"  I  :  !•  fliln  ti«nil  Victory 

>..i  r,,;.;>   r^iru/'d." ■ — 

Thr  ^  ImiU  *^*^<*Llt  vt  M  ulcain  livrr  ouiirvd  It  truly  i 
ami  «buve  all  cottinimrtiillan.     CoxJTKa. 


;L] 


THE  UNNATUliAL  COMBAT. 


It 


'ndrr  mjr  shield  thou  hast  fought  ••  seemnslj 
the  yomag  niflet,  corer'd  witli  the  wingv 
her  finre  dflm,  leanu  h<»w  and  where  to  prey, 
that  is  manly  id  th«e,  1  call  mioe ; 
^what  is  weak  and  wotniuujib^  thine  own. 

''hat  I  gnWt  iuiev  tbou  art  proud,  ungruteful, 
LtDg  to  contend  with  ljtm»  to  wbotn 
aou  ift  dup,  I  will  taki^  from  tbenp* 
tbereforev  for  extr«)nutie««  and  eKpect  not 
cofT^frt  tbee  as  a  son,  hut  kill  tbfw 
>rpent  swoMen  with  poi^n  ;  who  autririiig 
*  —  je^r,  with  mf«ctioua  br««thf 

ier  ttU  things  near  blm«  like  itself, 
Nay,  now  my  anj^r**  up^ 
roMiid  Tirgina  kne^^hng  ut  mv  teet, 
ith  one  general  cfy  howlijig  /or  mercy, 
t-fiot  redeem  thee. 
}kf,Jwu  Thou  incensed  Power, 
forbear  thy  thunder  {  let  me  have 
in  my  rereoge,  if  from  the  grave 
[j  iDother— — 
Malef,  ten*  Thou  shalt  never  name  her  more. 

iKJktMoiiT  junlpr,  Mo9rniJivtLi.i!,  RirLOAfif»v.  wwd  the 
Arer  Siea  Captwns,  Appear  on  tht  IVIf/unL 

BMiuf.jun*  They  are  at  it* 

f  Cu}d.  That  thrust  was  put  strongly  home, 

Mtmtt.  But  with  more  stieiigth  aroided. 

B*ig.  Well  come  in  ; 
[e  has  dnrwn  blood  of  him  yet :  well   done,  old 

t   Crtpt.  That  was  a  strange  tniss.  [cock. 

Beaufljuru  That  a  certain  hit. 

He*a  &l]en»  the  da?  is  ours! 
ipC  The  admiral's  sfain* 
.  Tbe  father  is  victorious  ! 
1^  UR  haste 
o  gmtuUte  bts  conqueist, 
1    C<Pj;tti   We  to  mourn 
ke  fortune  of  the  eon. 
Beaut\jun^  W^ith  utmovt  speed 
Ac4|ijaiot  the  governor  with  tW  goo<l  success, 
That  liemay  eutertainf  to  bis  fUUioerit, 
Tbe  father  of  his  country's  peace  and  siifety. 

[TA/v  rrffrf. 

Malrf.  iM.  Were  a  new  life  hid  in  viah  mangled 
limb, 
I  would  search,  and  End  it :  and  bowe*er  to  soma 
1  may  seem  cruel  thus  to  manntxe 
ITpoo  this  senseless  flesh,  1  glory  in  it  t — 
That  I^have  power  to  be  unnatural , 
Is  my  security  ;  die  all  my  lears, 
And  waking  jealousies,  which  bave  so  long 
Been  my  tormentors  \  there's  now  no  suspicion  : 
A  fivt  which  I  alone  sm  conscious  of, 
Clin  nei'er  be  discovered,  or  the  cause 
That  caU'd  this  duel  on,  I  being  above 
All  perturbations  ;  nor  is  it  in 
The  power  of  fate,  again  makn  me  wretched. 
i9«-«nirr  BEAPFOiiTjtii»>r,  Montr etjlle,  Bklgarde, 
and  the  thrt*  Sea  Cuptams. 

Bmuf.  Jan.  All  honour  to  the  conqueror  1  wbo 
dares  tax 
My  &iend  of  treachery  now  ? 

(Pope  oaei  Ihc  mme  flcure  in  lli«  Otlyitry  0,  lUx. 
**  AaaJUar  to  hU  ton,  riyiwji  b«ftn 
The  pliiif  created  beJmi  voA  pointed  ipesrt 
With  thkldA  IndcDied  deep  in  gMoas  warm."  Eb.) 


BeJ'^.  I  itm  very  glad,  sir,  [mucb, 

You  have  sped  so  well  ;  hut  I  must  tell   vou  thus 
To  put  Tou  in  mind  rhiit  a  low  t^hb  must  follow 
Your  high  swoirn  tide  of  hnppijie«s,  you  have  pur- 
Tliis  honour  at  n  high  price.  [chased 

Mutrf.  '1  is,  Br>l garde, 
Above  all  estmintiori,  and  a  little 
To  be  exalted  with  it  cannot  savour 
Of  arrogance.    That  to  diis  arm  and  sword 
Marseilles  owes  the  freedom  of  her  fears, 
Or  that  my  loyahy,  not  long  tioce  eclipaed, 
Shines  now  more  bright  tlian  ever,  are  not  things 
To  be  lamented  :  though,  indeed,  they  ma^ 
A  ppear  too  dearly  bought,  my  AiUing  glones 
Beuig  made  up  again,  and  cemented 
With  ft  son's  blood.     Tis  true,  he  was  my  son. 
While  he  was  worthy  ;  but  when  ht-  hhook  nfl' 
His  duty  lo  me,  (which  my  tond  imhils;*<n(»% 
Upon  submission,  might  p'rhaps  have  twifchniVl,) 
And  grew  his  country*s  enemy,  I  look  a  on  him 
As  ft  stranger  to  my  fi«nih%  und  a  traitor 
Justly  prescribed,  ond  he  to  be  rewarded 
11] at  could  bring  in  his  head.     I  know  in  this 
That  I  amceniure*!  rugged,  and  austere, 
That  will  vouch»nfe  not  one  sad  sigh  or  tear 
t'pon  his  slaughter 'd  body  :  but  I  rest 
Well  satisfied  in  myself,  being  assured 
That  extraordinar)^  virtues,  when  they  soar 
Too  high  a  pitch  for  common  sights  to  judge  of. 
Losing  their  proper  splendour,  are  condemn 'd 
For  most  remarkable  vires*. 

Beauf.Jun.  Tis  too  true,  sir, 
In  iJie  opinion  of  the  multitude ; 
But  for  myself,  that  wouhl  t>e  held  your  friend, 
And  hope  tu  know  ynu  by  u  neiirer  name, 
They  are  na  tliey  deserve,  reoeivtd* 

Miilef,  IVIy  duughttir 
8lmtl  iliank  ^^ou  for  the  favour. 

}leouf],juii.  I  con  wish 
Nu  huppiuesa  beyond  it. 

1    CapL  Shall  we  have  leave 
To  hear  tlie  corpse  of  our  dead  admiral^ 
Ai  he  enjoin'd  us,  from  the  coast  1 

MaieJ\  rrovidtrd 
Tbe  articles  agreed  on  be  observed, 
And  you  depart  hence  with  it,  making  oath 
N  ever  hereafter,  but  ba  frieuds,  to  loucb 
Upon  this  shore* 

1   CapL  We'll  faithfiillv  perform  it, 

MiiUf.  Theu  as  you  plt^ase  dispose  of  it ;  ^tis  an 
object 
That  1  could  wish  removed,    llisaitin  die  with  him  I 
So  (wt  he  ban  my  charily. 

1    Capt.  Me  shnll  have 
A  soldier's  funeral. 

[77/r  Captain*  hmr  th^  body  afftdth  md  m«$ie* 

MaUj,  Farewell! 

Jkuuf.jutu  These  ritw 
Paid  to  the  dead,  the  conoueror  that  survives 
Must  reap  the  harvest  of  his  bloody  labour. 
Sound  all  loud  instruments  of  joy  and  trium|di, 
And  witli  all  circumataiiee  and  ceremony, 
Wait  on  tlje  pafron  of  our  liberty. 
Which  be  at  all  parts  merits. 

*  For  mo$t  r^mtttkuMt  tsicf**]  Hemarhahle  Liul  In  Mm' 
iinfer'A  tirtu'  n  m«vre  (ll^iiiriLi:!  K>Qn(l,  and  a  tmne  Mppro' 
priale  mctinlnf,  ihtn  U  b^»r1^  al  prc»rnt«  With  him  it  eun^ 
•tatiUy  sUad*  for  inr^rMiiK,hi|il}ly  »ir1kiti}:,  urobM-rvMbte  In 
or  itilit  it  will  bn  well  to  take  aij^kc 


■ 


•If 


THE  irNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


[ActUl 


1^1  ale f,  T  mm  liononr'd 
Beycmd  my  hopes. 

limuf^Jun,  'Tia  short  of  jour  d«aertJi. 
L«'uJ  OQ  :  oh,  sir,  you  muat  ;  vou  ar«  too  moilesU 
j^Kjtunt  uiih  laud 


SCENE  U^A  IttKm  in  M*i.rniiiT'»  Hmtu. 
Entrr  Tiikocrixe,  Page,  und  Wauing*  Wtmn?n. 

Thtoc,    Talk  not    of  comfort ;  I   iiin  botJj  way* 
wretched, 
Al*d  io  rlisilracted  with  my  douhU  ami  fiMU«, 
I  kno/vr  not  where  to  fix  my  tiopea.     My  lot! 
I»  oertain  in  n  fuiher,  or  a  Wotlier, 
Or  both  ;  such  is  tli**  crucUy  of  my  fiite, 
And  not  to  b«  aFoided. 

1    IW^m.  You  must  bi»Jir  it# 
With  patienc€%  madam* 

f    Worn.  And  whnr'TS  nut  in  jotl 
To  he  preroiited,  shotjht  not  ciiuie  a  sorrow 
Wliich  eannut  iiplp  lU 

Pttf*e.  Fear  nut  my  brave  Uinl, 
Yulir  fiohle  father^  ti^htijig  iji  to  him 
Fumiliar  uh  i>nljiig.     I  If  ciui  teuch 
Our  modem  duellisu  how  to  cleave  a  hutiotu 
And  in  a  new  way,  neTer  y«t  found  out 
By  o\d  Canmxii*. 

1  Warn,  May  he  be  ?ictorioafl, 
And  punish  disobedience  in  his  aoti ! 

Wiiio»e  deiub,  in  riHison,  should  at  no  fxirt  move  you. 
lip  beinf^  but  half  your  brother,  and  tUe  nfarne*!* 
Whirb  tliat  might  chulloiijfe  from  you,  forfeited 
IJy  hi«  unpicjUM  pur|J080  to  kill  hiiii,  fnmi  whom 
Jfe  recvived  life.  [A  ihmtt  within. 

2  lVi*m.  A  i^enenil  shout — 
1   WiTm,  Of  joy. 

Page.  Look  uj>,  d4»ar  lady  ;  sad  uewa  neref  ciuno 
Usher'd  with  loud  apjilaui«. 

Thfoc,  I  stand  prfparH 
1 0  endure  the  shock  of  it. 

Enter  Usber. 

U§h,  I  am  out  of  breafh, 
With  running^  to  deliver  first — 

7W  What? 

C*A»  We  are  all  made. 
My  lord  baa  won  iIihi  dny  ;  your  brother's  «lam  ^ 
The  pimte-i  gone :  nnd  by  tbe  governor, 
And  sTates,  aod  all  the  mi*u  iif  war,  ha  is 
Brouj^ht  homu  in  triumph ; — nay,  no  musing,  pmy  me 
For  my  pood  news  hereafter. 

ThftH?,  Heaven  is  just  f  [meet  bim< 

VJt.  Give  thanks  at  leisure;  make  all  baste  to 
]  could  wish  I  wer»  a  Lorsv,  that  I  might  bear  you 
7'o  bim  upon  my  back. 

Prtge,  Thou  art  in  ass. 
And  this  is  a  sweet  burthen. 

Uthn  Peace,  you  cmck-rope  I  [EAfutit. 


SCENE  Uh—A  Str^L 

L*tnd  mimr.    Knttr  Montiieville,  Bkloakdc,  Bicau- 
I^ORr  mnior,  Beaviorj J nniar ;  M AhtfonJ t  fntimv&d 
hit  yiosTAJosi,  CnA>iosT,  and  L.vNOUit. 
Fkauf.  $ftu  All   honours  we  can   pre  you,  and 
rewards. 

Though  all  that's  rich  or  precbtts  in  Marseilles 

•  M^  old  Caransa.]  .Vr  ^A,?  CuardUtn,  Vol.  IV.  |».  174. 


Were  laid  down  at  yonr  feet,  can  bold  no  weight 

With  jrotir  deserrtngs  :  let  me  jclory  in 

Your  action,  a»  if  it  were  mir»e  owii  j 

And  have  the  honour,  with  the  arms  of  lov«. 

To  embrace  the  ^reat  performer  of  a  deed 

Tnni«4>iidtng*  all  this  country  eer  could  boatt  oC 

Mont  Imagixie,  noble  sir,  in  wbm  we  mmy 
Kxptvnn  our  tlnuikfnlness,  and  ml  wamuMvA 
It  (iball  be  freely  gmnted. 

Cham»  He's  an  enemy 
To  goodness  and  to  virtue,  that  dares  think 
There's  any  thiii^  within  our  power  to  gir*  •, 
Which  you  in  justice  may  not  boldly  cballengti. 

Lan^  And  as  your  own  ;  for  we  will  ever  ha 
At  your  devotion. 

MaUf^  Much  honour*d  sir, 
And  yuu,  my  noble  lonls,  t  can  say  only, 
Tbe  greatness  of  your  favours  overwbeiiita  m»^ 
.^nd  like  too  lar|jpe  a  sail,  for  the  small  bark 
Of  my  poor  merit«»  smk^  me,     Tlnat  1  stnnd 
Tpright  in  your  opinions,  is  an  honour 
Kxceeding  my  deserts,  I  having  done 
Nothing  but  what  in  duty  I  stcwd  Hoimd  to : 
And  to  expect  a  recompense  were  buaMe. 
flood  deeds  being  ever  in  thcmsrlv«*A  reftmrdfd* 
Yet  since  your  hberal  bounties  tell  m«  ihat 
r  may,  with  vour  allowance,  be  a  suitor. 
To  vou,  my  lord,  I  am  an  huttible  one. 
And  must  ask  that,  which  known » I  fiwr  you  wUl 
Censure  me  over  bold. 

Bmuf.  sen.  It  must  be  aometltmg 
Of  a  strange  nature,  if  it  find  Iran  bm 
Denial  or  delay. 

Matff.  Thus  then,  my  lord, 
Since  you  encoumge  me  :   You  are  happy  in 
A  worthy  Sron,  and  all  the  comfort  that 
Fortune  Las  left  me,  is  one  duoghter  ;,  riLiw. 
If  it  may  not  appear  too  much  preiumption. 
I'o  Meek  to  matcn  m?  lowness  with  your  hei^gbL, 
I  nhould  desire  (and  if  I  may  obtain  it, 
1  write  nil  ultra  to  my  largest  hojiei) 
Sbe  mfiy  in  your  opinion  be  thought  worthy 
To  be  receive*!  into  your  family, 
And  married  to  your  sion  :  thetr  years  are  ecjual. 
And  their  desires,  I  think,  too;  she  la  not 
lls^ioble,  nor  my  state  contemptible. 
And  if  you  think  me  worthy  your  alliaciaA, 
Ti§  all  1  do  aspire  to. 

Ikauf.junAou  demand 
That  which  ^^-ith  all  the  service  of  my  life 
I  should  have  labuur'd  to  obtain  from  vou. 

0  sir,  wliy  are  you  slow  to  meet  *u  fair 

And  noble  an  uifer '  con  France  shew  a  i^irgio 
That  may  be  ]>anillerd  witli  her?  is  she  not 
The  pbo^nix  of  the  time,  the  fairest  star 
In  tlie  bright  sphere  of  women  1 

Bmttf,  mn.  lie  not  rapt  so  : 
Tliougfj  I  dislike  not  what  is  motion^,  yet 
In  what  so  near  concerns  me,  it  is  6t 

1  fcliouM  proceed  with  judgment. 

Entttr  Usher,  TnFocnmit,  Page,  aud  Wmtitig  Women. 

Ileauf,  jun*  Here  she  comes  ; 
Look  on  her  with  imfmrtial  eyes,  and  then 
Let  enrv,  if  it  can,  nume  one  graced  feature 
In  which  she  is  defective* 


*  Tk«re*i  any  thing  $fithin  tmr  peifvr  lis  elsr»l  1W  ukl 
capy  loconrctly  rcedt,  Thtrt^a  o^  eilier  fM^Ao.  «m1  la 
the  ne^t  tpeeelt,  optrmhelm  for  onrndMaia-^lie  lui  |«  w 
coitiniou  ■  mo(\t  of  cxptestloa,  (but  1  sboiikl  acii  haw  ear- 
TceUsi  H,  if  «<aA*  h«d  pot  Imific^ittrty  Mk»W«tl, 


] 


THE  I  \NAjrHAL  COAlllAT. 


IS 


WtleooMgirl! 

i  thoQ  eome  to  greet  my  ndoiy 

I  nbte  Uiibit  ?  tbu  vhew'd  weU 

J  hxher  wu  a  prisoner,  and  suftijei t«>d  ; 

him  taith  and  lojahy  are  admirea, 
ma  doubled,  tn  your  outward  gHnrienta 
to  «X|irM4  the  joy  you  feel  wtrbiri  t 
iM  yxm  witli  more  curioume^  iiud  cure 
Jto  temple  lo  be  made  a  bride, 
w,  wben  id)  men's  eyea  are  fixt  upon  you, 
lid  appe«r  to  eotertAin  the  honour 
*  detOMidiug  to  you,  and  in  which 
»  m  equal  abare. 

Hearipn  has  my  thanks, 

haittilitv  paid  for  your  fair  fortune, 

IT  duty  Viada  me  ;  yet  a  little 

I  a  brother**  losa,  however  wicked, 

atiJtw  famiUar  to  our  aex 


,  excune. 
Tlioiii  an  deceiTvd. 
g,  was  a  blemiah  to  tliy  beantiea, 
•  death  gires  ornament  and  la^itre 
n^ections,  bnt  that  thev  are 
attdy  rare,  that  they  iidmit  not 
adilition.     Ha  !  liere*«*  yet  a  priul 
tear  ou  Uiy  cheek  ;  how  it  take»  from 
Bit  bapptnesa  !  wtih  a  father'^  lips 
Balieft  lipii,  ru  kisa  it  off, 
i  no  more  remember 'd. 
VoQ  forgai,  air,^ 
enise  wa  aro  in*  ' 

Tis  well  coaaider'd  ; 
who  b  th«  owner  of  a  treasura 
i  wtlim,  bat  without  oS>ac«, 
J  in  the  glad  posaession  of  it? 
t  in  your  exrellence  beget  wondrr^ 
Bva,  that  looking^  on  the  daughter, 
faelf  in  the  imagination 
aweet  pleaAurea,  and  allow 'd  delighta, 
jrom  the  mother,  who  still  trres 
er  perfe<!t  model  ;  for  ahe  had 


Such  emooth  aod  higbHbrch'd  browa,  aiieh  aparkhng 

wye*. 
WluDae  eTKy  gkooe  alcxred  Cupid^a  emptied  qaiver. 
Such  ruby  upa, — and  auch  a  hivety  bloom* , 

Diadaining  all  adulterate  aida  of  art. 
Kept  a  |>erpetuAl  apring  upon  her  face, 
As  Deatli  himaelf  laineoted,  being  forced 
To  blaat  it  with  hia  paleness  :  and  if  now         [y«u, 
Her  brigbtnesa  dimnrd  with  aorrow,  take  and  pleiu.D 
Think,  thiak,  young  lord,  whan  ihe  anpean  benelf« 
Thia  veil  r«mored,  in  her  own  natural  purenMBi 
How  jar  t^he  will  transport  you* 

Btauf.Jun,  Did  she  need  tt^ 
The  praiae  which  you  (and  well  deaerred)  gire  toher. 
Mnat  of  necesaity  raiae  new  deairea 
In  one  indebted  more  to  yeara  ;  to  me 
Your  worda  are  but  a«  ail  poitr'd  <m  a  fire, 
That  flames  already  at  the  height. 

Mairf,  No  more  ; 
I  do  beliere  you,  and  let  me  from  you 
Find  so  much  credit  j  when  I  make  her  yours, 
I  do  poaaesa  you  of  a  gift  which  I 
With  much  unwillingaeaa  part  from.  My  gcwd  lordti 
Forbear  voor  further  trouble  ;  give  me  Wvei 
For  on  tte  sudden  I  am  indiafiosed 
To  retire  to  ray  own  bouse,  and  reet :  to-morrow. 
As  you  command  me,  I  will  be  your  guest, 
And  having  deck'd  my  dtiughier  like  herself, 
You  shall  hare  further  conference, 

BMuf\  jeri.  You  are  master 
Of  your  own  will  :  but  fail  not.  III  expect  yoa* 

I^atef,  Nay,  I  will  be  excused  ;  I  rauat  part  iR-itb 
'jou.  \^To  yiiiHw^  Beauj'art  and  the  rfwt. 

My  dearest  Tbeocrine,  give  me  thy  band, 
1  will  support  thee, 

Thet^,  Vou  gripe  it  too  hard,  air, 

Mal4ff.  Indfed  I  do,  but  have  no  further  end  in  it 
But  love  and  tendemejis,  luch  oh  I  may  challenge, 
And  you  must  grant.     Thou  art  a  tweet  one  ;  yes, 
And  to  b-e  chert4b''d. 

Thwoc,  Mciy  1  still  deserve  it ! 


ACT  III. 


I.— ^  Baa^ttflijig  Haam  m  Beaufort's  Hirtij#, 
urtfrr  BtAUroaT  leriitir,  and  Stewnni. 
len.  Have  you  been  croj^jful  7 
A  ilb  my  beat  endeavours. 
brisgatomacbs,  there's  no  want  of  meat,  air, 

fcOQ^inus  viands  are  prepared, 
D  kind«i  of  appetitea. 
s,  "1«  well. 
•fble  fumtah^d  with  full  plenty, 
I  of  friends  to  eat  it :  but  with  this  caution, 
MSt  hare  my  house  a  common  inn, 
men  that  come  rather  to  devour  me. 
vnaait  Omif  service.     At  this  time,  too, 

aerious  and  solemn  meeting, 
it  have  my  board  pestered  with  shadows*, 


}  kopt  «•«  hfw^  pnffT'ii  wtfh  iiti4dowi,J  (t 
_  1,  flvtarcb  nty»,  m  •  m«rk  of  polkleness.ti) 
led  foeM  kouw  iltJii  he  \f  aa  al  lltHTiy  ti>  biliig  a. 

buf«l*       TWiw    rrkn<}fl    Uiv    UuitiJitiii    cmUH 
\hr^,}  «   lenii  wltlcli  Mansiinjor  h^j  \try  hap 


That,  under  other  roen*»  protection,  break  in 
\\  itliout  invitement. 

Aitffr.   With  ycjUT  favour  then,  [kuowledpi* 

You  must  double  your  giiurd,  my   lord,  for  on  my 
Ibere  are  some  ao  abaqj  set,  not  to  be  kept  out 
fly  a  file  of  musketeent :  and  'ti«  less  danger, 
ril  undertake,  to  fitJind  at  pu»h  of  pike 
With  an  enem)'  in  a  breach,  that  mid^rmined  too, 
And  the  cannon  pluyiiig  on  it,  tlnm  to  Btop 
One  littqjy.  your  ])erpetual  guest,  from  entrance, 
When  ilie  dresser,  the  cook  a  drum,  thunders,  Come 
The  ierviee  wiU  be  lost  elsef  !  [on, 


•  ^nd  Much  a  larrtp  bloum,]  For  ihi«  rvwilne  wr  arc  lu 
dtblcd  lo  Mp,  M,  M»mmi,  Alt  Ihc  former  eililioht  rvwl 
^aieit.  wliich  iIr'  cuiidiwtinn  lim*  of  ihi»  bcautiml  speech 
incoufeflNblv  prtivi?  l"t>*?  a  iai-i»riii(. 
T  H  hrn  ihi'  ttrnttrr^  tft*  *oiik»  drum,  ikundtrt.  Come  <m, 
Thf  nervuf  tciU  be  tmt  r/jM  .'J  U  wa»  fonni^tly  cu»loin*r> 
for  iht  c«*»k,  when  rtinricr  HrtB  rt'*ft>,  t«>  kuuck  on  llie 
ilrt'*9cr  wUli  hU  kinfr,  h\  w*y  of  fttimmHuUig  the  mt- 
VJitilt  Id  cjirrv  ll  lulo  tkc  h«U ;  lu  tliln  ibertt  arc  uiattv  allu- 
»i«UK    In  the  Mterrf  Mef^gar*,  Old  Reett  layt,  ♦•  Harkl 


J 


w^ 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


[Act] 


Bfuuf\  ten.  What  ii  he  ? 

Stttv.  As  toll  a  trencherman*,  llmt  is  movt  certain. 
Am  e'ef  demoliiih'd  pye-fortilicftUon 
At  ioon  ts  b*lter*d  ;  and  if  the  rira  of  hit  belly 
Were  not  made  up  of  »  much  tougher  ttuff 
Thiui  \m  buflr  iurtin^  there  were  no  defitooe 
A^^iuMt  the  ("^jur^e  of  bis  guto:  yoQ  needs  snust 
He's  fmi»ent  for  hi*  enting.  pcnow  him, 

heauf,  i€»*  Ut  Beljjnrdf  ? 

^Vu%  Thp  sami' ;  one  of  the  adi»tni]*iicaatcimtain«. 
Who  sweart,  tiiere  beinp  no  vrar»  nor  hop©  01  nny^ 
line  only  drillLng  is  to  eat  d»routlv, 
And  to  be  ever  driokini^— lliai'i  aliow'd  of 
liut  they  know  not  where  to  get  it,  ll>en>*a  the  spite 
on't. 
Bmm/I  ten.  The  more  their  misery  ;  yet,  if  you 
For  this  dfly  put  him  offX*  [can, 

Stfw.  It  is  beyond 
The  indention  of  nuui. 

Bfauf,  tetu  No : — say  this  only,  [Whisper t Ui  him* 
And  lis  iVom  me ;  you  sppreJieiul  me  ? 
Stai\  Yea,  sir, 

Iktiuf,  ten.  But  it  must  be  done  gntvely* 
Stetc,  NGver,doubt  me,  sir. 

BmuJ\  un.  Well  dine  in  the  great  room,  but  let 
the  mu!%ick 
And  bannuet^  hi?  prppnred  hisre,  [Erit 

Suw,  This  will  miike  hj«a 
Ij0»e  his  dinner  at  the  leant,  ami  tliat  wil!  vex  him, 
Ae  for  the  sweetmeats,  when  they  ore  trod  under 

foot, 
l/et  bim  tnVe  hiA  share   with   the  pagee  mid   the 
Or  flonunble  in  the  rushes,  p«ickit^d. 

Enter  Biluiauvsu 

B^ftg,  'Tis  near  twelve  ; 
1  k»>ep  a  wfltt'li  within  me  never  misses. 
Save  ihee,  master  steward  ! 

Stftv.  Yoo  are  moat  welcome,  sir. 

Betg.  Has  thy  lord  slept  well  to  night  ?     I  come 
to  enquire. 
I  liitd  a  foolisn  dream,  that,  against  my  wil!^ 
Carried  me  from  my  liodging,  to  learn  only 
How  be*K  diJipOKed, 

Sltu\  He's  in  most  perfect  hi*ftlih»  sir, 

Reig.  Let  me  hut  see  htm  (i"^d  heartily  at  dinneTt 
And  I'll  believe  9o  too  \.  for  from  that  ever 
I  midce  a  certain  judg:ment, 

tliey  ki9M:k  to  the  drtBurJ'  Svrvanlj  wen*  not  <hcn  eiN 
lu%^'f<1,  a*  ml  prtattil,  lu  rr«<ini-lit  llie  kitclu'ti,  lj>9l  thcv  flhculd 
Inifrfcre  witli  Ibc  niotnciilu'iii  I'oacrrns  of  the  cook.  Mr. 
HtHi  Mys  OiAt  ttik*  practice  '*  wtt  ointki^vd  in  ihv  Taintlv 
of  Lonl  Falrfix"  f  «i»d  douMless  in  tlut  of  mjiny  uthera) 
"  after  the  civil  w>r»;  in  thai  nublemnnV  onleisi  for  the 
icr\';int»  of  tiif  huaAcliokl ,  to  iht*  rullawint; :  77m«  must  he 
UHtTH  to  Ihe  drtsaer,  Gentlemen  ami  >eomvd,  to  the  drrtaer.** 

*  SC(.w«nl.  /4itan  a  trmehervutn,  A.c.]  Tnil,\n  ilie  Ian- 
fiucc  «f  our  old  writers,  itirjiiil  vtotit,  or  rntlti-r  bnpld  iiad 
f»rlcM  :  bat  »hcy  atuiiicd  tht  word  (nf  wbich  ibi-y  teem 
fwhl)  Ilia  v,rtm  v.ulrly  of  »entti%.  A  fall  mtm  q/' hi*  hand§ 
wai  a  ^real  rt^jliU-r ;  «  laU  man  of  hit  tonyutt  «  Urcniioiis 
apcaker  ;  ainJ  ■  tnli  tnntt  qf  hUtrmrhrr,  or,  ma  nbove,  a  tnlt 
trtftchi^fHan,  a  heart v  let-der*  lii?i<»neva  of  iIicm?  |)hra«c4 
uccur  »o  frvt^iirutly,  diat  it  woidd  be  t  wane  of  timc!  to 
dwell  njHitt  them. 

f   f1  fto  >\<cnr,  4ic^    fio  the  old  eopv ;  the  modern  edltori 
rvad  t*t>c4tnr,  than  which  nn4hin|;  can  be-  rriHur^  bijndlcioiu. 
J  BeMiif.  ten.  The  tnortt  their  miterif ;  j^,  {f^9ft  can, 
^ar  iki»  da^  put  hhm  of]    'fhb  has  been   hUherto  ^iveu 
a*  SB  iMperfccI  tpercb;  why,  il  \t  difficult  tc»  imajj^knr. 

$  — — — ^ but  let  the  mwric 

Ami  banqatt  Jwpfirpared  here.]  That  b,  ibe  d«faerl.    See 


Slew.  It  holds  surely 
In  your  own  constitution* 
Belg.  And  in  all  men's, 
Tis  the  best  symptom  ;  let  us  lose  no  tioii 
Delay  is  daui^erou^* 

Stew.  Troth,  air,  if  I  mis:bt. 
Without  offence,  deliver  what  my  lord  baa 
Committed  to  my  tniAt,  I  abaU  roceiri^  it 
As  a  special  favour. 

/Jr%,  ^Ve'll  see  it,  and  discourse, 
A»  tljt?  proverb  saySf  for  health  iiake.  afier 
Or  rother  after  supper  ;  willingly  then 
111  walk  a  mile  to  hear  thee*, 

Steu\  Nay,  good  air, 
1  will  be  brief  and  pttby. 
Beig.  Prilbee  be  »o. 
Sttw,  He  bid  me  say,  of  all  bis  guesta,  ihsl  be 
Stands  mosit  affected  to  you,  for  the  &eedo«i 
And  plainness  of  your  manners.     lie  ne'er  obsaiirf 
To  trvirl  a  dish  about,  you  did  not  like  of,  [yoe 

All  being  jdeasing  to  yoo  ;  or  to  take 
A  snyf ,  ot  veniaon,  or  stale  fowl,  by  your  nose. 
Which,  is  a  solecism  at  another *s  table  ; 
Out  by  strong  eating  of  them,  did  confirm 
They  never  were  delicious,  to  your  palatsv 
Jlut  when  they  were  mortified,  as  the  Hu^oool  aayi, 
And  so  your  f>art  lirrows  greater;  nor  do  yoa 
Find  fault  with  the  sauce,  keen  hunger  being  the 

best, 
Which  ever,  to  your  much  praise,  you  bring  witb 
Nor  will  you  with  impertinent  relation «(,  [to*! , 

Which  is  a  masterpiece  when  meat's  before  you, 
Forjfef  your  teetli,  to  use  your  nimble  tongue. 
Out  do  the  feat  vou  come  for. 

Betg.  Be  advised. 
And  end  your  jeering;  for  if  you  proceed. 
You'll  feel,  oa  1  C4in  eat  I  can  be  angry, 
Anfl  beating  may  ensue. 

Stew.  Ill  take  your  cuutUMd, 
And  roundly   come   to  the  poiiil :  my   Innl  uorJi 
That  you,  that  are  n  courtier  as  a  soldier.    [waaidaii| 
In  nil  things  else,  and  every  day  can  vary 
Your  nctiuns  and  discourse,  continue  constant 
To  ihis  one  suit, 

Belg.  To  one  !  *lis  well  I  hare  one, 
Unpawn 'd,  in  these  days  ;  every  cast  cotntnaiwler 
Is  not  blest  witli  the  fortune,  1  aa»ure  you. 
But  why  this  (juestion  ?  does  this  olTend  him  ? 

Steu\  Not  much  ;  but  he  believes  it  ia  the  reaeoo 
You  ne'er  presume  to  sit  above  the  8aU| ; 

•  Or  rather  e^er  •tipper :  wiUitutly  th«n 

rtl  walk  a  uiUe  to  hear  thet^]  Alluding  lotbr  good  old  |»»^  I 
vtyrb.  iviblch  incuk.Bteft  titnp'craDce  at  Ihit  nMfal,  tty  roc*i»'U 
tticndiiug  a  walk  alter  it.  I 

f  (In  edit,  of  |gu,  Gitford  ba«  a  long  aoift  to  tkt*  wunlttl 
provit  iiB  ijifliinction  frftn  aMajf,  a  trial,  a  jproof.    The  i 
"  ^    PacrSe  < 


lucanitig  altac:h«i  to  s<a^   a»  la  Spenter^  FacrSe  Qa 


^*^1 


'•  Wbkb  whctt  he  9pyde  opon  the  earth  tVncroachu 
Throngh  the  dead  ctrc«ic«  he  made  hia  way  ; 
Monqni  which  h«  fonnd  a  «<word  of  bctirr  ariy, 

""     With  which  he  forth  went  into  ih'  open  Iic;bi." 
Id  Kittg  Lear  thr  word  abo  occurnt  meaninsr  p*'f*f*f,  »fHl  •l"| 
Ihoiii^h   «oniewhat  diflereiil   In    the  ' 

deDtiji  (he    «•««;   hrrt-   inltndrd.      * 
considered  the  word  tynonimooi  ws 

J   Ytm  ne'er  prvntme  to  eit  above  iU«  ?^ m  :,       J  uja  n-r 
Ihe  fnauncr  in  which  onr  ancettnoi  wei«   ii»nal)>  •rH 
thdr  ineala.    The  tabUt  being  lontt,  the  tJill  wat  rf^r 
placed  about   Ihe  middle,  aitd   served  ne  a  ktml  -  r 
ti>  the  dirierenl  qiiulity  of  the  gite<ii!  Invite^K     T  ! 
liticttoti  were  ranked  alKuve :    thr  «pace  bdow  'v^ 
to  the  dependeiiti,  infertor  rclaliun*  of  (be    in 
hnuse,  Acr.     It  ar];i]c»  litlk  for  the  delicacj  of  ii 


-^J 


uo 


Tim  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


4h 


lereforef  tfiU  diiy«  oitr  gr«al  Mdminl, 

other  slAtes,  b^ixi^  invited  guests, 

B<s  entreat  you  to  appear  unoii^  them» 

le  fresh  babit. 

f.  This  stuff  shall  not  serve 

Lt  the  dog:  off ;  tliese  are  soldier's  nrments, 

>  by  cToaseqnenee  grow  contemptible. 
f,  ft  has  stung  him, 

f^  I  would  I  were  aci^uainted  with  the  p1a)iers, 
,rity  tJiey  might  furnish  me ;  but  there  is 
fJi  in  brokers  ;  and  for  believing  tailorc, 
sre  only  to  be  naui  of,  but  not  seen  ; 
Uttt  they  sfe  confined  to  their  own  hells, 
JMfe  they  Uve  invisible.     Well,  T  niuitt  not 
>b*d  off  thus  :  pmv  you  report  my  a<»rvice 

►  lord  govern  Of  J  t  will  obey  him; 

tBOogh  my  wardrobe's  poor,  rather  tlum  lose 

mpoor  at  diis  feast,  1  will  put  on 

eacst  suit  I  have,  and  fill  the  clmir 

Qalrea  me  worthy  oP.  [£H<- 

f.  We  ttre  shut  of  htm, 

11  be  seen  no  more  here :  how  my  fellows 

tle^s  me  for  hi  a  absence  !  he  had  starved  them, 

e  staid  a  little  longer.     Would  he  could, 

9  own  sake,  shift  a  shirt !  and  that's  the  utmost 

rtioo  I  ftdieu,  good  captain.  [£ji/. 

SCENE  Ih^Tketiimg, 
Off  fiKAfronT  Jenitft ,  and  BaAUfORTjfiiftlor. 

uf.  ten.  Til  a  itranse  fondoesa. 
uj.'Jun.  'Tis  beyond  exampk* 
solution  to  part  with  bis  estate, 
Jre  hei  dower  the  weightier,  is  nothing  ; 
»  observe  bow  curious  he  is 
own  person^  to  add  ornament 
\  daugVler's  ravishing  features,  is  the  wonder 
m  po^e  of  mine  in  tlie  way  of  courtship 
nomins:  lo  her,  to  present  my  service, 
whom  1  understanu  all :  there  he  found  him 
tons  in  wluit  shape  she  should  apf>eiir; 

twas  ricbibiit  the  fashion  stall? ;  tlie  other 
L,  and  neat,  but  the  stuff  not  rich  enough ; 
be  curse  the  tailor,  and  in  rage 
r  aboemaker,  for  wanting  art 
pram  in  every  cireumstance  the  form 
r  moat  delicate  foot ;  then  sits  io  council 


►ey  ib«nW  wtmU  of  •ocli  dintiartions  at  their  tKMrdj 

rmHi  I  lo  b«v«  pUctHl  ilit'tr  £iiC9t:i  belotrthe 

or  ti  jrtjje  than  ibal  ut  monityio^   itu-m. 

,  Jn  I  itotj)i*$t,  (F.  3.)  gi^e*  «  very  adnur- 

i>r'    itiiKiies   *' <if  a  poor  scholar/' (Hiitrt 

.  **A  genilf  nqvffTf,"  Ac,  i>  a  venibcatioo 

hi  hi»vc  tak«u  the  rolloaring   clianotcri-itk 

••  Nnv   a  for  hit  fare,  it  i»  U;jhiJ)  at   the  chcafiest 

kflt  if*  tntnt  <il  wtrr  the  anit,  thJit  u  Ht\  axiotut^  iu 

|ilS«i;^the»,  haviiif  tirawnt  bif  kriir«  k-iiurably,  uq- 

bU  naulcio  mannerly,  aHcr  tMrkc  or  diricc  WypioE  hit 

ir  he  B4VK  U,  liv  may  reach   ibe  brvad  on  hit  knife's 

ami    fifl  r.i  hji    porrigr,  tnd   bclwet'ii  every  iponeftjU 

k  mv  '-'n,  M  M  capon  craooijig,^  lesi  he  tut  mtt 

Jfc>f  ^i«j^  ham  bwied  part  ^f  thnrjlni 

in  r.'. 

u  «  rjiapay  piece  of  |>late  -with  a  cover  of 
lit  NkhoUj'a  ProereaK^s  of  Que^^n  EH-ta- 
j»e  of  «ioe,  aiift  in  DitKliri%  LUtruiT  Kemi 
■ij^raving  of  one  Ih'Ii  i  4rk'hriiUiii 

'  r,  it   ii  flffiirvd  h-i^:  [  flic,  anif 

.  may  be  forrnti)  ui  i  nsul  tlitMr 

f  |>ic«t^  Ml  ftimltnre.  Ei>») 

amdJUl  th»  chair 

t  snoAei  nc  m^rihf  ^f.  \    Hib  mo  hit  been  hitherto 
I  sa  ««  Imperfect  •entvjice;  but  torely,  wUttoui   ne- 
TW  iticaiiitie  ki,  "  I  will  WX  the  <  hi  Ir  of  which  that 
n.  ftebert  tttit  I  have)  makei  mc  worthy." 


With  much  df^liWratioti ,  to  find  out 

What  tire  would  best  adorn  ber;  and  one  chosen, 

V^arying  in  his  opinion,  he  tears  off, 

Andf  stamps  it  under  foot ;  then  trie.s  a  secoiidj, 

A  third,  and  fourtli,  and  satisfied  at  lenglli. 

With  much  ado,  in  that,  he  grows  agiia 

Perplexed  and  troubled  where  to  pkes  her  iewels, 

To  be  most  mark'd,  and  whether  she  abould  wear 

This  diamond  on  her  forehead,  or  betweefi 

Her  milk  white  naps,  diiiputing  on  it  botb  ways  J 

TIk'h  to  king  in  his  hand  a  rope  of  pearl, 

(The  best  of  France,)  be  serioasly  considen, 

Whether  he  should  dispose  it  on  her  arm, 

Or  on  her  neck  ;  with  twenty  other  trifles, 

Ti>o  tedioui  to  deliver. 

Bf^ujf.  am.  I  bavf^  known  him. 
From  bis  first  youth,  hut  never  yet  observed, 
In  all  the  passagei  of  hi  a  life  and  fortunes. 
Virtues   so  mijx'd  wiUi  vices:    valiant   the  world 

speaks  him, 
But  with  that,  bloody  \  liberal  in  his  gifts  too, 
Hut  to  miiiufain  his  prodi^  exfuense, 
A  fierce  e?ctortioner  ;  an  impotent  lover 
or  women  for  a  flaab*,  but,  bin  tires  quejich'd. 
Hating  as  deodlv  :  the  truth  is,  1  am  not 
Ambitious  of  this  match  ;  nor  will  1  cross  you 
In  your  affections* 

BetniJ\Jun*  I  have  ever  found  you 
(And  'tis  my  happiness)  a  loving  father, 

[Loud  mutic. 
And  careful  of  my  good  :— by  the  loud  music, 
As  ycm  guvc  order  for  lii*  entertainment, 
He'd  rome  into  the  hou^e.     Two  long  hours  since, 
The  colonel !i,  commissioners,  and  captains, 
To  pay  h  Im  all  the  rites  his  worth  can  challengej 
Went  to  wait  on  him  hitlier. 

Efil^r  MALFfOBT,  Montaigne,  Chamont,  LanouRi 

MoNTtiF-viLLK,     TnEocniKE,    Usher,    Page,    and 

Waiting  Women. 

Bfuuf.  seru  You  are  most  welcome. 
And  what  I  speak  to  you,  does  from  my  heart 
Disperse  itself  to  all, 

Maief.   You  meet,  my  lord, 
Your  trouble. 

Bmuf.  sen.  Rather,  sir.  increase  of  honour, 
When  you  ore  pleased  to  grace  my  bouse* 

Betiuf.juiu  The  favour 
Is  doublet!  on  my  \mn,  most  worthy  sir, 
Since  your  fair  duughtor,  my  incomparable  miatresSi 
Deigns  us  her  presence. 

Mai^\  View  her  well,  brave  Beaufort, 
But  5'et  at  distance;  you  hereafter  may 
Make  your  approaches  nearer,  when  tlie  priest 
Hath  nuKle  it  lawful :  and  were  not  she  mine, 
I  durst  aloud  prookim  it,  Hymen  never 
Put  on  bin  san'ron -coloured  robe,  to  change 
A  barren  virgin  name,  with  more  good!  omtas 
Thau  at  ht^  nutitifdH,     l^onjk  on  her  agmn, 
Then  tell  me  if^^she  now  appear  the  same 
That  she  was  yesterday, 

BeatiJ\  sen.  Being  herself, 
She  cannot  but  be  eicellent  ;  these  rich 
And  curious  dressings,  which  in  otljers  mtght 
Cover  deformities,  from  her  take  lustrt), 
Nor  crni  udd  to  her. 


(Jf  ftwnvn  fmr  a  jfiaah,  Aic,  Wtid,  fierce,  aorontrollablf  Ln 
his  in^vivnt;  Ihii  19  a  Ltlisiirrs  impvttm  amuri§^  and  it  a 
vtr>'  »troug  eaprcfttion. 


46 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


[AcTlU^ 


htaUf*  You  conceive  hn  right. 
And  m  vour  mdminuofi  uf  her  sweetoeM, 
You  only  can  deserve  her,     Hluth  not,  girl. 
Thou  art  ahovf^  his  praiMf^,  or  mine  ;  nor  can 
Obiicquious  Flattery,  though  she  ,*»hoii1d  use 
Herthou!»nd  oiPd  tongue*  to  advtnee  thy  worfJn 
(»i\re  aught,  (for  thnt's  ini possible,)  but  tak«  from 
Thy  morw  than  hymiin  gracea;  and  owvti  then, 
\Mien  fihe  hath  apeat  heinelf  with  hw  boat  atreiigtb. 
The  nroRg  she  baa  done  tbee  abal!  beao  apparentt 
Thiit,  losing  her  own  servile  shiipe  and  naiiia, 
She  will  be  thought  DeiraetioQ  :  hut  1 
Forg«t  myaelf ;  and  something  whispars  to  me, 
I  hare  said  too  much. 

Mimt.  J  know  not  what  to  think  m\*t, 
Hut  there's  some  mystery  in  it^  which  I  fear 
Will  be  too  aoon  dincoret'd, 

MaltJ\  I  much  wrong 
Your  patience,  noble  sir*  hy  too  much  bugging 
My  proper  i»Hue»  and,  tike  the  foolish  csrow, 
Believe  my  black  brood  swaiiSt 

Bfauf.  1^1.  llieT«  needs  Dotp  air, 
Thi^  leBst  excuse  for  this;  nay,  I  must  bare 
Your  nnu,  you  being  tlie  master  of  tiiH  feast, 
And  this  the  mistreas. 

Thgiic*  I  am  any  thing 
Thiit  you  shall  tfleaiM  to  make  ma. 

BeanJ,Jwu  TVay,  'tisyoitn, 
Without  more  romptimettt. 

Mtmt*,  Your  wilFs  a  \aw,  sir. 

[T^ud  mmick.  Eji*i4nt  BeaujWt  tenwr,  Mairfort, 
Thtiirriif^,  htfjufirrtjuniar,  Montaigne,  Chatmmtf 
Lanour,  Matftrftifff* 

t'^h.  Would  I  had  been  Ijom  a  lortl  I 

1   W,m.  Or  I  n  liuly  ! 

Pugr.  It  may  he  you  were  both  begot  in  court, 
Thoug:h  bred  up  in  the  city  ;  for  your  motliers, 
As  1  have  heftru,  loved  the  luhby  ;  and  there,  nightly 
Are  seen  Scmnge  ap|mriuori«  :  and  who  knows 
But  that  some  noble  fuiin,  heated  with  wine, 
And  cloy'd  witli  piiitridge,  had  a  kind  of  longing 
To  trade  in  spratji  ?  this  needs  no  exposition  :^ 
But  ran  you  yield  a  reason  for  your  wiahea? 

{^»h.    Why,  had  I  been  born  a  lord,  I  had  been 
no  servaot.  [vroiters, 

1  Wom^  And  whereas,  now  necessity  makes   us 
We  had  been  attend etl  on. 

t  Wtfm,  And  nns^ht  Imve  slept  then 
Ajs  longas  we  pleniMni.  and  fed  when  we  had  stomiicba, 
And  worn  new  t  lothtfN,  iu»r  lived,  as  now,  in  hope* 
Of  a  cast  gown,  or  petticoat. 

Pa^0.  \  ou  are  fooU, 
And  ignornnt  of  your  happiness.     Ere  I  was  sworn 
To  the  pitntoflet,  I  hare  heard  my  tutor 
Prove  it  hy  logic,  that  a  servant's  life 
Wji*  bptter  than  his  master's   and  by  (bat 
I  learn 'd  from  him*  if  that  my  memory  fail  not, 
rit  make  it  good. 

C$k  Proceed,  my  little  wii 
Ih  ducinw  itt  tOt 

l*tt^*  Thus  tlwa  :  from  the  king 
To  tlie  beggar,  hy  gmdntion,  all  are  aerrants ; 


•  Mmt.]  So  ihe  old  copy  *  It  matt,  however,  be  m  mJAUke 
Iter  Theoc,  Of  rathvr,  ptrttJipa,  for  Maltji 

♦  ■ —  Ar»  /  itiM 

llwom  to  the  paniirflr.}  L  c,  ukrn  mim  sttruiling  In  the 
portrr'i  I*m1«v,  (which  tvvm%  to  hsve  been  the  irpi  dmeof 
»enUiidirj  to  wait  on  Tlirorrlito. 


And  you  must  grant  the  sis  very  is  leaa 
To  study  to  please  one,  than  many. 

V»h,  Yrue.  [p^l 

Pugf,  Well  then  ;  and  first  to  you,  air,  you  ««»•] 
You  serve  one  lord,  but  your  k»rd  serveaa  thimsaad, 
Besides  his  fiossions,  that  are  his  worst  maateta ; 
You  must  humour  him.  and  be  is  bound  lo  aooth 
Every  grim  sir  above  liim*  :  if  he  firown. 
For  the  least  neglect  vou  fear  to  los*»  your  place ; 
But  if,  and  with  all  slavish  observation,  [^i^i| 

From  the  minion's  self,  to  the  groom    of  kia  cloat-l 
He  hourly  seeks  not  fxkvour,  be  is  aure  [i(t.l 

To  be  eased  of  his  office,  though  f>erhap«  be  bought  I 
Nay,  more  :  that  high  disposer  of  all  such 
That  are  subordinate  to  him,  serves  and  leiars 
Tlw  fynr  of  the  many -headed  monster. 
The  giodr  multitude :  and,  as  a  bora« 
la  sill)  ft  Dorse,  far  all  his  golden  trspptngs. 
So  your  man  of  purchased  titles,  at  tJheir  bMl,  art 
But  serving  men  in  rich  lireriea. 

V§h,  Most  rare  inftot! 
Where  lettmiriil  thou  this  moral tti'  » 
Pagv.  Whv.  thuu  dull  pate. 
As  1  told  rliee,  of  my  tutor. 
1  Warn,  Now  for  us,  boy- 
Pa^,  I  am  cut  ofl": — ^the  governor. 
£iiKt  Bcaufort  aemar,  and  Beau  ronr  Jitnior  ; 
tettirig forth  a  ban^tut^ 

Beauf.  ttH,  Quick,  quick,  sirs^ 
See  nil  things  perfect 

Serv,  Let  the  bhune  be  ours  else* 

Beat/.  Mil.  And,  as  I  siiid,  whan  wo  are  at  the 
banquet. 
And  high  in  our  cups,  for  'tis  no  feaat  without  it, 
Kspeciidly  among  soldiers  ;  Theocritie 
lieing  retired,  as  that  a  no  place  for  her. 
Take  you  occasion  to  rise  from  ilie  tablf. 
And  lose  no  opportunity. 

Bmuf.jun.  Tts  my  purpose  ; 
And  if  1  can  win  her  to  give  her  heart, 
I  htive  a  holy  man  in  readiness 
To  join  our  hands;  for  the  odminil,  her  Esther. 
Repents  him  of  his  grant  to  me,  and  ooems 
So  far  transported  with  a  strange  opinion 
Of  her  fair  features,  that,  should  we  defer  it, 
I  think,  ere  long,  he  will  believe,  and  strong^l^. 
The  dauphin  is  not  worthy  of  her :  I 
Am  mucb  amazed  wifh'ti 

Beauf.  urn.  Nay,  dispatch  there,  fellows. 

[Einmt  Bmufortsenwra^itd  Bmufortjmniifr, 

Strtu  We  are  ready,  wfieo  you   please.    Street 
format,  vour  pardon ! 
It  htti  been  sucli  a  buity  time,  I  could  aot. 
Tender  that  CTiremonious  refijwct 
Which    you    desen-e ;  but    now,    the    ^rtat    wtvrk 
i  will  attend  the  leaa,  and  with  all  care  [ettU«<i, 

Ohserva  and  jenreyon. _ 


■kfi»kmmdtP96^th 


f>-  >  'thttvf  him  .]  €rim  fir,  Mr.  Dodnlrjr  tnjii 

dlci-  iM  trim  -ir!  for  thin  he  Itbonomrfil  viUhtlM 

s||i]]r<  I     xfUr ;  ttiousli  nutblitc  r^ia  1>e  miiHrr  crritln 

Ihin  tttjt  il4t:  oM  rcarltni!  l4  rlEhr.  SkclUHi  cjiU*  VI  ntirT  « 
grim  tirp,  aail  Pktchrr  hat  a  tlniiljir  nprrwiuEi  lu  tA*  A'^tftxr 
Bretkrr ; 

*•  fVir*|r.  It  li  a  fiiith 
Th*l  wt  Vii\]  411"  if) ;  iiiice  from  ihr  t*1flvk|«4r4 
To  Ihf  prim  air  in  i\^ee,  lbrr%  are  ft  w 
Hold  othrr  iriicli." 
t  Swtti  fi*rin«,  Ac]  Thi»  U  i  fwliry  p)*y  nn  wurdi.    Tb» 
fimm  mesni  Uy  \\\v  M-niiiiU,  trc  the  knf  bcneluM  on  wirich 
the  Knc*ti  wt'te  lo  «jt.    The  (Hie  pedsiitry  of  Ibe  tpasch  l> 
wkU  rKpnvcd  tiy  the  P«|e. 


IIJ.] 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


4? 


Fmgm,  This  i»  •  peim*d  jipee^h, 
rvM  M  m  perpetual  preface  to 
nr  madfi  or  fragiaeots. 

Utk,    W#  ir«it  on  tou. 


[Ei^uiit. 


SCENE  III. — Thtnme.    A  Banquet  Mftfitrth,' 

MuMtCn  Enter  BEJurroar  tentar^  MALEronT^ 
Ml*?rrA»vv,  CoAMOXT,  La!«ol'a,  Beaufort  JuHMir, 
MofrrmiTiLtK,  aiwC  Serraat«, 

BtotiiA  im.  Von  are  not  menr,  »ir. 
MmUf,  Ym.  my  good  lord« 
Yoa  iMV'Pi^wn  IM  ample  meaos  to  drown  oil  cares  ; — 
AjmI  y>      ^  i-ib  4tn»^  tJiou^bu,  wbich  I  would 

IfclntT  i^trov.  [Aiidt. 

Mm*  'ij  .  '-  r.  Vr^Y  you,  takp  your  place. 
Mamutf,  jHn.  Aii^  drink  a  health  ;  and   let  it  be, 
if  you  plrase. 
X<>  fifc©  ^rorthiest  of  women.     Now  observe  him. 

Mmi^.  Give  tne  the  bowl  ;  «iuce  you  do  me  the 
I  wnl\  tH^ffin  it.  [Ijonour, 

Chmm.   May  we  know  her  name,  sir  ?        [qu(^en's, 
Mati^m  You  fibfil) ;    I   will    not  choose  a  fon^ign 
ilf«e  jttC  «ur  own,  for  rhat  would  relish  of 
TilHB0  flatteiy  ;  nor  do  their  height  of  title,        [nesi. 
Or  abiaolute  power,  coniinn  their  wortli  and  g^ood- 
TUeae  b«uig^  hearerrs  jfifts.  and  frequently  coofenr'd 
On  aoch  aa  are  beneath  them;  nor  will  I 
KiSDe  tlie  king'a  miatreaa,  howsoever  ^hu 
Itt  bis  ma,Umm  may  carry  it ,  but  if  I« 
A«  anus  gir«a  liberty,  may  use  my  freiMlom« 
Hot  awaj'd  thia  way  or  tJiat,  with  confiilenoe, 
*"  'ltd  I  will  inake  it  good  on  auy  e(|uii],) 
it  eauat  be  to  ber  wboae  outward  form 
b»tf»r*d  by  the  beauty  of  her  mmd, 
larval  not  (liat  with  justice  can  pretend 
iniervat  to  tlii^  so  sacred  healU). 
aaj  hir  dauifhter.     Jlo  ilmt  only  tloubts  it, 
do  froniQiuice  a  villain  :  this  to  her.  then. 

IDrittki. 
UmL  Wbat  may  we  think  of  this  ? 
Bmwf*  am.  It  matters  not. 
ItfsL  For  my  part,  I  wiU  aooth  him,  rather  than 
Dfww  OD  a  qttarrel  *, 

CA«ai,   It  in  the  aafeat  course  ; 
Aad  one  f  mean  to  follow* 

Bmuf.  JuHs  h  luu  li^one  mund,  sir.  lExiL 

M^hf.  Now  yon  have  dune  her  right ;  if  there 
Worthy  to  aeoond  tliia,  propose  it  boldlvt  [be  anv 
I  m  yoor  |»l«dge. 

Bmm/.  am.  I^a  pause  h«te,  if  you  pleaaei 
Aikd  entertain  th*  time  with  sumeiliing  else. 
llaaif  thitre  !  in  some  bfty  strain  ;  the  aong  too 
j  Tkat  I  >r«Te  order  for;  the  new  one,  calKd 
r  TV  StitiL^*M  />e%Af.  [Muiic  nnd  a  tang. 

J&attr  BauiaftOB  In  nrmonr,  a  euu  of'  carhina  hi^ 
hi§  tide* 

JMf.  WI10  atopa  me  now  J 
Or  who  daraa  oniy  aay  that  I  appear  not 
la  iJba  moat  rich  and  glorious  habit  that 
^  a  miD  complete  I  What  ooart  ao  set  off 


P-Tviv  —  •  ,rm^TwJ,\  Tlllt  baa  bilhcrto  becD  printed, 
ihmm  as  m  aitftinaf,  CktmoM ;  11111  the  avst  fpe<cli  fivrn 
••  lf«Hlfr»lllK.  It  I*  oat  vrry  prtttuMe  iIijiI  ibt  iMtvr 
t^tmM  frpi*  to  sa  «4HH<nr«lkio  «d(irmcil  u>  CtianiiiDi,  wfMt 
^kam  h*  Qurt  mat  «p]Wftr  tu  bv  fmttiUmf :  and!  I)cslu<.'«i.  tbt 
«f  maifg  aeetti  lu  prove  ili«t  ibe  n^me  lum  »llpt  fruni 
—ilne  llac  tuiu  the  text  uC  tJiU. 


With  state  and  ceremonious  pomp,  hut,  lliito 
Accoutred,  I  may  enter?  Or  what  feast, 
Thou|;h  all  tlie  element;}  at  once  were  mmsnck'd 
Til  storp  it  with  vuriety  traniireriding 
llie  curiouHuess  and  co^t  on  rmjun'a  hirihdiiy  ; 
(Where  princes  only,  and  confederate  Lingd,  ' 
Did  sit  m  ^estii,  served  and  nttendeil  on 
By  the  timiutor^  of  B^me ),  at  which  •  a  ^ddieri 
In  tliij*  hiN  astural  and  proper  shajie, 
Mif^hr  not,  and  boldly,  fill  a  seat,  and  by 
Hisj  presence  make  the  great  solemnity 
More  honoured  and  remarkable  } 

Btituf.  ten,  Tis  acknowledged  ; 
And  thitf  a  grace  done  to  me  iniexjiecied. 

Mont.  But  why  in  armour  i 

Mah-f.  Whai'ii  the  mystery  ! 
Pray  you,  reveal  tluit. 

fBr^.  Soldiers  out  of  action. 
That  ver)'  rare         •         •         •         • 
•         •         •         •         but,  like  unhidden  siie^ts^ 
Brinj?  thpir  stoot-i  with  them,  for  their  own  defence  |, 
At  raurt  should  feed  in  gauntlet:*,  they  mny  have 
Thf-ir  Ijujijer.^  cut  else  :  tJifcre  your  curpel  kni||^htS| 
1  bat  never  churned  beyond  a  mistress*  tips. 
Are  afill  most  keen,  and  valiant.     But  to  yt»u, 
Wliom  it  does  moiSt  concern,  my  lord,  I  will 
Address  my  speech,  and  with  a  solidier^a  freedom 
In  my  reproof,  return  the  bitter  scoff 
You  threw  upon  my  |>overty  :  you  contemn 'd 
My  coarser  out^iide,  and  from  tnat  concluded 


•    --    ml  which    a  mldirr  ike]    Tlie   old  etf^y 

readi,  tat  with  *  mUiWr.  Hie  emeiuUtJui),  wImlIi  i«  n  vviy 
htpyyonv,  wa*  ni»de  by  Mr.  M,  Mjii^tii.  Ttic  ciirrii|jtlci'ii  la 
t»MU\  ^cci>unit.<<l  for;  ihc  printer  tniatouk  llie  ■econd  ft^uen- 
IhrsU  Turin  «,  «ii<t  havlti^  kIvi'Ii  mt  for  af«,  was  oblit^i'd  tu 
aller  lh«>  next  wurd,  lo  inJikr  miiw  of  iIm>  line.  TIuja  vvlll 
be  ancle r«l«j4irl  ■!  once  by  ■  referente  to  iho  quarfo,  where 
Uie  Gir»t  pirnillieiiji  ouly  appear*,  which  VfM  ihere/ore 
mriitled  by  the  (iiccc-pdiiiij^  cfliior*.  1  km>w  not  HhctL-  Mh»- 
lioger  foftail  thi»  auec4otc  of  Tr^ijaD  :  he  wa«,  i  ml  ceil,  » 
itiA^DiAceDC,  Kiiili,  im  »ume  cA»*'^t  mh  iMt«DtAiki>n>t  f^«riacr  ; 
bat  DcJiher  his  pride,  nor  his  pnirlern-e,  I  Ivlleve,  wmM 
have  alluwcHj  ibr  "  fciiAliviiii  of  RoiriL'"  lo  it^i^riide  lUviu 
H'lvei  by  wAiiing  on  Ibe  ulllcn  of  ihi?  rcptibitc 

f  "Belg.  Soldirrtjimt  of  actum. 

That  very  tare,        •        •        •        •         •         ^ 

*  *        •        •        «    All/,  Wte  wOnddfn  ifw^U 
Brinff  thfir  Mttttdt  with  thrm^  &c,\  So  I  hjive  viiUttitrd  ta 

Eriiii    Lhifi  pa»aag«,  bclof  pvnaaded  that  a  line  U  U««t.    Tliv 
rcak^  C'innot  b«  hikd  op,  bat  tbv  M.'ii»e  mlgbt   he,  S&tdWta 
out  of  actum,  that  v^ry  rarrijf  Dorl  se^tf  reitfrvcd  lur  thcin, 
h  e.  are  liiviie<t,  hit,  like,  ^c      How    the   modern   ectltiit  * 
uadrratood  thi*  piiBMgi'  I  know  not  hnl,  they  aU  five  U  fliii». 
Bv\!g,.  ,S0ldiert  out  qf  action,  ^_ 

Thai  fiery  rare,  hut  like  unAid^len  ffuetta  ^« 

Hrittg  Ac. 
ThiA  cQiiomof  giieirr!!,   who   an*  unlnviitt'd    hnii^ln^   ihrlr 
*CNti  wilhibein],  i>  rrei(Utfiilly  referred  to  byourultl  wrllera  : 
«o  RowJey  : 

If'id^w.  What  cupcmateS  fbU  tronr  ?  WIk*  let  biin  in  ! 
JanHs.  By  thU  light,  a  f el  tow  of  an   vicrlliMit  lirt'tHUus; 
he  came  unlfiddeni^aitd  brtmaht  hi§  tto*^  vith  Aim. 

I —  for  their  ovm  dt^femee, 

At  cmtrt  th^tmtilfeed  in  gunnlleti,  ih^  mag  htrv$ 
Tk^r  Jinffert   cut   elte       H''re  I*  th*   bon-mot  fw  which 
Quia  w;tJi   M>   mnrh   cclebraterl  thftt  "at  eity  feaita  It  «.k« 


aeltt»<:r  tafe  nor  umdent  to  help  one'«  %v\t  without  a  bd^kel- 
Hiln-cl  kiilfe,"     MaidJDver  501  It,  I  iuppoje,  from  HarcUjr'* 
tettmd  Eclttgwf,  which  luu 
it  MA!)  HriiiV-n: 


•etttnd  EciitffMf,  which  bu  jtnrat  inerii  lor  th«*  time  in  wliuL 


]f  tlJt  ■1ish«>  t«B  pleaMuiil  eyiher  11fj>he  or  tithe. 
Ten  bdjidc*  at  «HMe  twinne  in  the  di»lie — — 
To  pnl  there  thy  handrs  In  p*-ril  i^illiout  faylcj 
Without  a  j/auntUtt  or  eh  n  ytvve  t\f  tpajfU  ; 
Among  4II  tbcMe  knivc«,  ihtxi  one  of  bftth  mu*t  have, 
Or  els  it  i»  li»rde  Iby  t\ns,er4  to  •aii'*'," 
Where  Barclay  foond  tt,  I  cannot  tell  i  bai  there  If  «nniething 
of  the  kinri   in  Diofenc*  Lacrtiaa.    "  There  U  ptitkLiiK  new 
tin  iter  the  «mn  f  " 


4B 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


[ActHL, 


f  As  by  your  groom  you  madi*  me  tind«ritind) 
1  was  unworthy  to  tit  nt  yotir  table. 
Among  tJaeie  tissues  und  i*ml>rot(leri«^9» 
UnlMt  I  cbuged  my  habit :   t  liav<?  done  it. 
And  ebow  myself  in  that  which  f  have  worn 
In  the  best  and  ferrour  of  a  bloody  fight ; 
And  then  it  was  m  Ai«hioti,  not  us  now, 
liidtculou*!  and  d^^spis^d.     Thiji  hath  piiirt  through 
A  wood  of  pikes,  and  evpry  one  aim*d  At  it. 
Yet  scom'd  to  tijte  impression  from  their  fury  :  ] 

Willi  ihiH,  m  atill  you  aee  it,  fresh  and  n^w.  ' 

Fve  charj;ed  tlirough  fire  that  would  have  sin^d 
vour  sables,  [colour 

Blocl  fox,   and   ormines,   and    changed  the  proud 
Of  scarlet,  though  of  the  rg-ht  T>Tnan  die, — 
But  now,  as  if  the  trapping^a  made  the  man. 
Such  only  are  admireo  tliat  oomo  ndom'd 
Witb  whst'8  no  jiart  of  them.     This  ii  mine  own. 
My  riehost  suit,  a  suit  1  must  not  part  from, 
But  not  reis^iirded  now  :  and  yet  re7neml>Rr, 
'Tis  we  that  bring  you  in  tli©  means  of  fi^astn, 
linnqueta,  and  re^eU,  which,  when  you  possess. 
With  barbaroua  ingratitude  you  deny  us 
To  he  made  sharers  in  the  hanreat,  which 
Our  sweat  and  industry  reAp*d,  and  sow*d  for  you. 
The  silks  you  wear,  we  wit^  our  blood  spin  for  vou  ; 
This  massy  plate,  that  with  the  ponderous  weiglit 
Does  make  your  cupboanls  crack,  we  (utiaifn|fhti»d 
With  tempests,  or  tho  long  and  tedioun  way, 
Or  rireadfui  monsters  of  the  deep,  that  wait 
Witb  open  jaws  still  reatly  to  devour  us,) 
Fetch  from  the  other  world,     l^t  it  not  Uinn, 
In  after  ages,  to  your  shame  be  spoken, 
That  vou,  with  no  rwlentmg  eye*,  look  on 
Our  wanu»  that  feed  your  plenty  :  or  consumcn, 
In  prodi^l  and  wanton  gim  on  drone^i. 
The  kingdom's  treasure,  y<^t  detain  from  us 
The  debt  that  with  the  hazard  of  our  lives. 
We  haye  made  you  «tand  engaged  for ;  or  force  us. 
Agiiinst  all  civil  govemmpnt,  in  armour 
To  re(]uirfl  tijat,  which  with  dl  willingnesa 
Should  h«  tender 'd  ere  demanded, 

Emuf.  ten.  I  commend 
This  wholesome  sharpneaa  in  you,  and  prefer  it 
Before  obsei^uioua  tameneas ;  it  shews  lovely  : 
Nor  Bhiill  the  rain  of  your  good  counfsel  fall 
Upon  thi^  barren  sunds,  but  spring  up  fruit*, 
Such  as  you  long  have  wish'd  for.     And  the  reat 
Of  your  profe:isioR,  like  you,  disc'ontented 
For  want  of  means,  aliall  in  their  present  payment 
Be  hound  to  praise  your  boldness  :  and  hereafter 
I  will  take  order  you  shall  have  no  cHUse, 
For  want  of  change,  to  put  your  armour  on, 
But  in  the  face  of  an  eueroy  ;  not  as  now, 
Among  your  friendii.     To  that  whitb  is  due  to  yon, 
To  furnish  you  like  yourself,  of  mine  own  bounty 
III  ttdd  five  huftdreif  crowns. 

Chtim,  I,  to  my  power, 
Will  fallow  the  example. 

Afdfi^  Take  this,  captain, 
*Tis  all  my  present  store  ;  but  when  you  pleue, 
Commund  mi*  further. 

htn.  I  could  wish  it  more. 

Belg.  This  is  the  luckiest  jeat  ever  came  from  me. 
Let  a  soldier  ujie  no  other  scribe  to  draw 
The  form  of  his  petition*     This  will  s]j«ed 


When  your  thrice-humble  supplieerions. 
With  prayer»  fur  increase  of  heilth  and  bonourt 
To  their  grave  lord  ships,  shall,  as  soon  •■  rend. 
Be  pocketed  up,  the  cause  no  more  reiDe!inber*d ; 
When  this  dumb  rhetoric — Well,  I  have  n  E&« 
Which  I,  in  thankfuLneaa  for  your  great  (nroota, 
My  noble  lords,  when  you  please  to  oommaDd  it. 
Must  never  think  mine  own.      Brckker,  be  hapf^fi 
These  golden  birda  fly  to  thee.  iLnL 

B€auf,  ifn.  You  are  dull,  air, 
And  seem  not  to  be  taken  with  the  paasage 
You  saw  presented* 

MaUf,  Pasaage  I  I  observed  none. 
My  thoughts  were  ebewhere  buaiad.     Ha  *  i^  it 
In  danger  to  be  Io«t,  to  be  lost  for  ever. 
If  speedily  I  come  not  to  her  rescue. 
For  so  my  genius  tella  me. 

Mmitr,  What  chimeras 
Work  on  your  fantasy  1 

Makf,  Fantasies  !  they  are  truths. 
Where  ia  my  Theocrine  f  you  have  plotted 
To  rob  me  of  my  daug^hter  ;  bring  me  to  h«sr. 
Or  V\\  call  down  the  saints  to  witness  for  me, 
Von  are  inhospitable, 

Heauf.  im,   Vou  amaze  me. 
Your  daughter's  safe,  and  now  4»xchanginfr  ecmrtsbi^ 
With  my  aon,  her  semmt*.     Why  do  you  bear  ihu 
With  such  distracted  looks,  since  to  that  end 
Vou  brought  her  hither  1 

Mokj\    Tis  confessed  I  did  ; 
hilt  now,  pray  you,  pardon  me;  and,  if  yon  pleise, 
Kre  she  delivers  up  lier  irirgin  fort, 
1  would  ohserve  what  is  the  art  be  uses 
J  n  planting  his  artillerj  against  it  : 
She  ii  my  only  care,  nor  must  abe  yield. 
But  upon  noble  terms, 

Hmuf,  «7i,  'Tis  so  determined. 

Maiif.  Yet  1  am  jealous, 

WoMf.  Overnitich,  1  fear. 
What  passions  ure  these] 

lieattf,  ten.  Come,  1  will  bring  you 
Wlier<«  you,  with  these,  if  tfiey  so  plenset  fomy  SM 
Th*»  love-sceno  ncted. 

Montr.   There  is  something  more 
I'hon  fatlierly  love  in  this. 

Mtmt.  We  wait  upon  you.  [£feipvt 


SCENE  IV,— Another  Hoam  in  BcAifrnirr's  HtfMitf, 
Enter  BnAuronT  junior ^  ami  TucocBlK^ 

Beauf.Jun.  Since  then  you  meet  my  flLsmet  with  I 
equal  ardour. 
As  you  profess,  it  is  your  bounty,  nuBtress. 
Nor  must  I  call  it  debl  ;  yet  *tis  youj  glory. 
That  your  excess  supplies  my  want,  and  niakea  &ie 
Strong  in  my  weakness,  which  could  newer  ba. 
But  in  your  good  opinion. 

Thcoe,  You  teach  me,  air, 
What  I  should  say  ^  sinoe  from  jour  mn  of  frrotir, 


I. «. 


r  II  to 


■prt»^  it|».    Thi»  »i*ti*e  of  Uw  wonl  i«rfkinlllar  tA  MawlBsfr 

and  Ki"  roiitcm|H»r4rli(;», 


*  Yowr  ibnuffktfr'i  wa/tf^  amd  now  r^ehmtgk^  ,^_ 

IVUh  mjf  mm.  her  icrvant.]  Strumt  was  at  tlO*  I 

fnvariat)le  term  for  ■  fuiior,  wbo.  ia  rriarn,  called  the  ( 
cif    bii    sddreMv*,  mittnett.    Thus    Stilrlry,    (one  < 
fiir  Btl,) 

**  Brm,  Whtt's  the  KcntletiiMti  fhr  turn  inarri<^  f 
tViMTv.  A  man  i>r  pretty  fortdiw,  that  baf  fevcn 
|]cr  Mfrvant  tnuiy  year*. 

Him    Hiyyr  do  yoo  meani  ^ 

WnmtPDly,or  doe*  he  wrve  tar  w»(tef  t 
.Serv.  Neiiher;  I  m^an  her  fiiiYor.'*         '^ 


.] 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


49 


Di  Phce>be,  in  herself  obecur^, 
Jiat  ligbt  I  have. 
Jun.  Which  you  retam 
^  increase,  nnce  that  yon  will  o*ercome» 
^re  not  contend,  were  yon  bnt  pleased 
what's  yet  divided  one. 
I  hare 

in  my  wishes  ;  modesty 
ne  to  speak  more. 
jun.  But  what  assurance, 
without  offence,  may  I  demand, 
'  secure  me  that  your  heart  and  tongue 
lake  harmony. 
Choose  any, 

our  lore,  msting^uiahed  from  lust, 
nd  mine  to  g^rant. 

r,  behitid,  BEArroRT  teniart  Malsfort, 

MoNTREViLLB,  and  tht  ruL 
ten.  Yonder  they  are. 
At  distenoe  too  !  'tis  yet  welL 
;un.  I  may  take  then 
1,  and  with  a  thousand  burning  kisses, 
i  the  anchor  to  my  hopes  1 
You  may,  sir. 
Somewhat  too  much. 
jun.  And  this  done,  riew  myself 
true  mirrors  t 
Erer  true  to  you,  sir : 
they  lose  the  ability  of  sight, 
)y  seek  other  object ! 
This  is  more   * 
in  gire  consent  to. 
jun.  And  a  kiss 

ited  on  your  lips,  will  not  distaste  you  •  ? 
Her  lips  !  [tracted  ? 

Why,  where  should  he  kiss  ?  are  you  dis- 
jun.  Then,  when  this  holy  man  hath  made 

nrful \Bnngt  in  a  Priest, 

A  priest  so  ready  too  !  I  must  break  in. 
jun.  And  what's  spoke  here  is  register'd 
igross  those  fiirours  to  myself         [shore  ; 
e  not  to  be  named. 
All  I  can  f^vBt 
they  are  1  know  not. 
jun.  111  instruct  you. 

0  how  my  blood  boils  ! 
Pray  you,  contain  youraelf ; 
his  courtship's  modest  t* 

jun.  Then  being  mine, 

Uy  mine,  the  rirer  of  your  lore 

len  and  allies,  nay,  to  yonr  father, 

'  out  of  his  tenderness  he  admires  you,) 

±.e  ocean  of  your  affection 

e  swallow'd  up,  and  want  a  name, 

i  with  what  you  owe  me, 

Tis  moat  fit,  sir. 

iger  bond  that  binds  me  to  you,  must 

U6  weaker. 

1  am  ruin'd,  if 
ot  fairly  off. 

.  Jan.    And  a  U$$ 

•bUedmpomrUpBtwUinoidiaVuteifouf]    L  e. 
iRp«.*  the  wofd  perpetaally  rccnr*  in  ibia  mow. 
ifa  hit  eourtah^a  modmt,]    For  ki§  the  modern 
ve  tkiM.    Tlie  change  Is  nnaecetMry.    Tbe  neat 
Mr.  Ollchrlat  itlMerres,  bean  a  distant  resemblance 
soonet  or  Daniel  to  DeUa : 
t  bonadlesie  ocean  oC  thy  beantie 
this  poor  rWer,  charf'd  with  itrearoee  of  aeale, 
»g  thee  the  trtbnte  or  my  dalle. 
»ere  my  lore,  my  troth,  my  plaints  revealc." 


Jieauf,  ten.  There's  nothing  wanting 
But  your  consent. 

Malef,  Some  strange  inrention  aid  me  ! 
This  !  yes,  it  must  be  so.  [A$ide 

Montr,  Why  do  you  stagger, 
When  what  you  seem'd  so  much  to  wish,  is  offer'd. 
Both  parties  being  agreed  too  *  ? 

Beauf,  $en,  I'll  not  court 
A  grant  from  you,  nor  do  I  wrong  your  daughter. 
Though  I  say  my  son  deserres  her. 

MaUf.  Tis  far  from 
My  humble  thoughts  to  underralue  him 
I  cannot  prize  too  high  :  for  howsoerer 
From  my  own  fond  indulgence  I  hare  sung 
Her  praises  with  too  prodigal  a  tongue,  ! 

That  tenderness  laid  by,  1  stand  confirm 'd 
All  that  I  fancied  excellent  in  her. 
Balanced  with  what  is  really  his  own. 
Holds  weieht  in  no  proportion. 

Montr,  New  tummgs  1 

Beauf,  ten.  Whither  tends  this  ? 

Malef'.  Had  you  obserred,  my  lord. 
With  what  a  sweet  gradation  be  woo'd. 
As  I  did  punctually,  you  cannot  blame  her. 
Though  she  did  listen  with  a  greedy  ear 
To  his  fair  modest  offers  :  but  so  great 
A  good  as  then  flow'd  to  her,  should  hare  been 
With  more  deliberation  entertain'd. 
And  not  with  such  haste  swallow'd  ;  she  shall  fiiit 
Consider  seriously  what  the  blessing  is. 
And  in  what  ample  manner  to  give  dianks  fbr't. 
And  then  receire  it.    And  thoueh  I  shall  think 
Short  minutes  years,  till  it  be  perfected  f, 
I  will  defer  that  which  I  most  desire  ; 
And  so  must  she,  till  longing  expectation, 
I'bat  heightens  pleasure,  makes  her  truly  know 
Her  happiness,  and  with  what  outstretcn'd  arms 
She  must  embrace  it. 

Beauf.  jun.  This  is  curiousness 
Beyond  example  %. 

MaUsf.  Let  it  then  begin 
From  me :  in  what's  mine  own  I'll  use  my  will. 
And  yield  no  fiirther  reason.     1  lay  claim  to 
The  liberty  of  a  subject.     Fall  not  off, 
But  be  obedient,  or  by  the  hair 
I'll  drag  thee  home.    Censure  me  as  you  please, 
I'll  take  my  own  way. — O  the  inward  fires 
That,  wanting  rent,  consume  me  ! 

[Exit  witJi  Theocrine. 

Montr.  'Tis  most  certain 
He's  mad,  or  worse. 

Beauf,  ten.  How  worse  §  ? 


*  Both  partiee  being  agreed  too  ?]  The  dd  copy  gives  this 
hemistich  to  Beaafort  Jauior,  and  is  probably  riebt,  as  Male- 
fort  had  by  this  time  interposed  between  the  lovers.  Tbe 
alteration  is  by  Coxeter.  For  to,  which  stands  in  all  the 
edit  ions,  I  read  too.  1 1  should  be  observed  that  oar  old  writers 
nsaally  spell  those  two  words  alike,  leaving  the  sense  to  be 
diicuvered  by  the  context  (omitted  In  edit  ISIS). 

f tUl  it  be  perfected,]     The  old  orthography  was 

per/Uted,  M  mode  of  spelling  mnch  better  adapted  to  poetry, 
and  which  I  am  sorry  we  have  saffered  to  grow  obsolete. 

X  Beaaf.  JQO'    7'Ats  <«  cnrioosness 

Befond  exampte.]  I.  e.  a  refined  and  orer  serapaloos  con- 
sideration of  the  subject.  So  the  word  is  frequently  applied 
by  oar  oh!  writers.  (It  ocears  again  in  the  "  Parliament  of 
Love,"  Act.  1,  sc4;  and  in  the  Worlcs  of  TyodaU.  folio 
p.  07,  I  find  the  folk>wlng  apposite  illostratlon  of  thU  ex- 
pression, "  Be  diligent,  therefore,  that  those  be  not  deceaved 
with  citriouenee.  For  me  of  no  small  repntation  hare  been 
deceaved  with  their  ownc  sophistry."— Ed.) 

i   Beaaf.  sen.    HowwareeT]    This  sboit  speech  It  ao( 

appropriated  in  the  old  copy.     Dodalcy  gives  it  to  the  pres«aC 

E 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT, 


ActIV. 


Montr*  Nny,  there  I  leare  you  ; 
Mj  thoughts  ftra  frfvj. 

Bmuf.jun.  Thia  I  forB«»w. 
Bmij^.  im.  Take  comfort, 


He  shjin  wmllc  in  clatid«,  bat  IH  diecorer  him 
And  he  ftball  And  iinil  (eeU  if  be  excuwe  om. 
And  with  strong  reasons,  tJiij  ^roM  mjuxj, 
I  cfta  make  use  of  my  authority.  [  I 


ACT  IV, 


SCENE  I, — A  Room  in  MalkfobtV  Houm* 
Enter  Mjilefoiit. 

What  flames  are  these  my  wild  d<*8ijre»  fun  in  me  1 
The  torch  that  fceda  them  wa»  not  lif^hted  at 
Thy  altars,  Cupid  ;  vindicate  ihyself, 
And  do  oot  own  it  ;  and  coo  firm  it  rather, 
Thnt  thia  infernal  brund,  thut  turns  me  cinders, 
Was  hy  the  suake-huir'd  8i4ters  Lhrowu  into 
My  ^Ity  bosom.     0  that  1  was  ever 
Acrurs*d  in  htiving^  i!isu4« !  my  sou'h  bloody 
rrbal  like  the  poboa*d  shirt  of  Hercules 
urows  to  each  part  about  me,)  which  my  hate 
Forced  from  him  with  much  wiUingnese^  may  admit 
Some  w«^ak  defence  \  but  my  most  impiotu  love 
To  my  fair  daughter  Theocriue,  none  ; 
Sinoe  my  affection  (rather  wicked  lujt) 
That  does  Tiuraue  her,  is  a  greater  crime 
Than  any  detestation,  with  whir b 
I  tbouUl  afflict  hor  innocence.  With  what  oumuiig 
1  hare  betmyM  myself*,  and  did  not  feel 
The  ftcorchiog  beat  tliat  now  with  furv  rage*  I 
Why  was  1  tender  of  her  t  cover'd  with 
That  fond  disguise,  this  mischief  stole  u}Km  me. 
1  thought  it  no  offence  to  kiss  ber  oiWo. 
Or  twine  mine  arms  about  ber  softer  nvck  i. 
And  by  false  sbsdowa  of  a  iBther'e^  kindneai 
I  long  deceived  myself :  hiat  now  the  effect 
la  too  apparent.     How  I  strove  to  be 
In  her  opinion  held  the  worthiest  man 
In  courtship,  form,  and  fttature !  envying  him 
That  was  preferr'd  before  me  ;  and  yet  then 
My  wishes  to  myself  were  not  disicover*d» 
But  still  my  fires  iocreaaed,  and  with  delight 
I  would  call  her  mistreta  J,  williiigly  forgetting 
The  name  of  daughter,  choosing  rather  she 
Should  style  me  lerraiit,    than^    with    reverence, 
fotber ; 


speaker.  mkJ  U  evkdently  rif^ht.     M.  M»oo  ttXkmt  CktatUif, 

who  givM  it  to  n«  une  ! 

«  ffl/A  what  cutming 

i  ham  befraiffd  m)/»elf,  ^c.]  Gifford,  in  the  wliiitm  of 
ISll,  remuia  o«  ll^u  ipc«ch  Uiat  il  U  a  clme  tnnilnilim  uf 
flbe  dcwiiplloB  of  tbe  faltl  p«Mlan  of  Byblii^  by  Otid.  to 
wihoni  1  niBit  reffrr  ibe  readier  for  \hi&  pjdnUd  t)BM««i.— 
Nttsnorpli,  Lib.  la.  4fiO.— F.i>  ) 

f  Ot  twHu  iNJJM  amw  about  her  iufler  nec&n\  i.  e.  her  soft 
litfcJk;  our  old  poets  freqarnlly  afio^^l,  and  iud««d  iwhh  fill- 
gttbr  good  ta«ie,  iht  cumparativr  fur  tlu'  p^iaitivc,  Thii»^  Jo 
s  very  pretty  paiuge  la  the  Vomitat  <\f  Lote  and  Friend* 
M4fr,  by  R.  Mead : 

•*  Wlien  I  fbnU  iH  circled  wlibln  yoar  amif't, 
How  flt>aU  1  ca»l  a  bieaiish  on  yofar  taonoiir. 
And  appear  oa«-ly  like  aome /almr  fioiH.', 
Placecl  in  a  tiog  of  gujd,  wliich  grow*  a  Jt  wi-l 
But  frocB  tbe  *cal  wbkh  holds  Ll  t" 
And  Indeed  Maialcicer  hiniKlt  furiiithet  namcrofii  fnatancet 
of  tkii  pnu'ilctt  ;  utic  occufi  Jimt  brlow  : 

"  — 'Which  your  j/ifiZ/rr  icmpcr, 

On  my  *utnniwM>n,  1  ho[*t,  wlli  pdnlon." 
Another  wc  ttave  Already  Ii»t1,  in  /W  rir^nJ/arryr  .- 
*♦  Jitdjc  not  my  readier  will  In  tli*  event,*' 
1  /  Wimld  call  htr  roiHreat,  &e*l  See  aott  to  Act  Ui,  ac  4. 
awe* 


Yet,  waking,  I  ne'er  cheriih'd  obieefktt  liopM*« 
But  in  my  troubled  alumbera  often  t^tigbt 
She  wiLs  too  near  to  me,  and  then  sleeping  blMili*4 
At  my  imagination  ;  which  pasa'd, 
(My  eyes  being  open  not  condemxiiiiif  it,) 
I  waM  ravishM  witn  tbe  pleaaure  of  the  dram. 
Yet  apite  of  thesie  tejoptatioDS  I  have  reaaon 
That  pleads  againat  them,  and  eommiind:&  me  to 
Extioguiah  these  abominable  fires  ; 
And  I  will  do  it  ;  I  will  aend  ber  back 
To  htm  tliat  loves  her  kwfiiUy.     Within  theie! 
Enter  TifEocarxE. 


Th§oc,  Sir,  did  you  call ! 
Muief.  I  look  no  *ooner  on  ber. 


Mtilef. 
But  all  my  boaatiKl  power  of  retason  !«&▼•&  in^ 
And  piaaioa  ag;ain  uaurps  her  empire* 
Doei  none  elee  wait  me  ? 

Thioe*  I  am  wretched,  sir. 
Should  anv  owe  more  duly  t 

Malef.  Thia  is  worse 
Than  dijobwlience  \  leave  me. 

Timtc.  On  ray  kneea,  air, 
As  I  have  evt-r  squared  my  wiU  by  joori, 
And  liked  and  loathM  with  yooreyee,  I  bweohyoi 
To  tench  me  what  the  nature  of  my  fbttll  if* 
That  huth  inrensed  yoy  ;  sure  'tis  one  of  weekneaa 
And  not  of  malice,  which  your  gentler  lemper, 
On  my  submission,  I  hope,  will  pnrdoti : 
^^^ltcn  rraiited  by  your  piety,  if  that  I, 
OtJt  of  UiB  least  neglect  of  mine  hereefter, 
Make  yon  rem  em  bur  it,  may  I  sink  ever 
Under  your  dread  command^  sir- 

Male/.  O  HIV  stars  ! 
Who  can  but  ^oat  on  this  humility,  [twf  , 

That  3wi*et*»ns Lovely  in  her  teaw  ! ^The  <it-  j 

That  seem'd  to  lessen  in  their  weight  but  now  U 
But  this  ^row  heavier  on  me. 

•  Yet  wakine,  t  m'rr  cheritJk'd  abmms  Ae|wa,l  TW*  «M 
copy  reads  »7  miM-ktiifSr^ir  tbif  b«  tiK  sru«i««  wurd,  ii 
miut  mean  "  uittvtiiltAtiiiiding  my  wanton  abuK  of  Ibe  IrriM  | 
D»eatik4iii-4  atK»vt.s  I  never  dierbhed/'  Ac,  ltit»  la  errtatiily 
not  dcferlive  in  it  dul-  ;  bni  the  re»t  at  tbe  tcnienoK  c«tU  m  J 
liimlly  iov  waJkinji,  ihni  I  h4ve  not  acnipldl  DO  inavrt  it  ia 
tiie   text ;  tht^  lormption.  at  tbe  preM,  wt»  SelicieMly  am^*' 

f  Malef.  O  mif  BtarM  f 

frA«  can  6wf  doat  on  tki»  hvmaUtw, 
.     Th0t  weftm* Ltnxig  in  her  tettrt ' rhmftOfm^ 

7%H  mem'd  I0  l*9»i*n  Ia  their  wntfht  but  laciw, 

Stf  thit  ijrntttf  hettvier  on  fw.]  So  1  v«nmre  10  piilBt  tit  ' 
paniage :  it  t>  vbiupt,  and  dcinruet  th«  di^txarted  stair  of  (M  j 
apvabrr's  mind.     U  nand»  thui  in  Mr.  Itf.  Ma«i«  : 

Matef.  O  mg  atar§  f  whfi  cm  hut  doat  mt  thh  hmmOkf 

Thai  •wi^tfH*  ^ lovely  in  her  team}  theMimn 

That  tern  A  !«  leeeen  kft.  their  weight  ;  hat  mem 

By:  ifiiB  orate  Artiwer  on  me. 
CoMeivr  fuiluw*  llie  old  coplet,  which  oqIj  differ  I 
In  |iUeiti£  a   note  of  Ititcrrngqtioci  after 
cvideBtly  wrung,  becante  aalttieUiiglbU. 

Tbe  rewlrr  nanai  not  Iw  larprised  at  tbe  1 
wWck  beeiat  tbe  qtiiAalkm  frooi  Mr.  M.  Haacw.    KelBbttf 
he,  nor  Coxeter.  nor  Dodalvy,  lecma  tO  bavt  had  ll«  ■ 
wjliciiadc  (1  will  not  i«v  kiMrarlwlBe)  icepcctlat  Ibt  mteue   , 
Df  tb«ir  author:  and  MaaalDMr,  Vtm  mail  baiinnatiiae  •(   1 

Sttst  appearip  in  tbdr  detttUory  pifet«  aa  aataDcakiv  P 
ftTRton  or  Donoe*  I 


li^ 


filK  UNNATURAL  COMBAT, 


M 


D«ur  sir. 
P*«cef 
jt  hear  the«. 
for  look  on  ma  ? 

J  words  ife  eKflinii. 
\gj  they  hmw9  power  thrti 
f  tamped  of  your  wmib  !  AIm,  iir^ 
,  JHOW  in  wbttt  I  pive  oflSmee, 
])CijitAn<Mfi  I  wouM  show  mr  sorrow 
:  U  past,  and,  iu  my  care  fiereufti^r, 
XCuioD,  or  e^AsA  to  b«  ; 
1^  without  your  far  oar,  ii  to  m6 
WQ^Id  cast  ofll 

O  that  my  lii*art 

It  in  ftunder,  that  I  mffbt  expire, 
•  in  my  death  buried  •  !  yet  I  know  not, — 
ih  pievjiilmp  oratory  'tis  bejr^M  (rom.  the, 
|«ny  thee  would  conviiee  me  to 
ik'd  tbe  milk  of  li^ra  :  rise,  and  I, 
i  pirplex'd  And  myaterious  method, 
Le  reUtioi)  :  Thvit  which  lU  tbe  world 
«nd  c^ea  up  in  tfiee  for  per^tiona, 
nbtppy  me  rout  blemiAbes^ 
cts  in  nature.    If  thou  hodet  been  bom  ^ 
i  and  crooked  in  the  fe  itures  of 
f,  aa  the  mannt^rs  of  tby  rainid  ; 
p'd,  flat-nosed,  dim-ev«dtand  beetk-brow'd 
warfi  itature  to  a  pan^B  waiat  ^ 
■th*d,  with  cluwa  for  rtngara  on  thy  hindg, 
it«d,  gouty-legs^'d,  tnd  ov^er  all 
nno  lepro«y  haii  emread  itself, 
la  that  ahunn'd  of  ham*m  fellowiJiipa  ; 
n  bleat 

Vfhj,  would  yoa  wiah  a  monat«r 
h  •  mm,  orweam,  you  faifft  dtoaerited) 


Rather  than  as  now^ 

I  had  drowti'd  iliee  for  it  in  tbe  aea,) 
Lg,  aa  thott  doat,  a  new  Pandora, 
Do'a  fui  cow-ayaaf,  Minerva's  brow, 
bluahing  eheeks.  Hebe's  fre«h  yr^uth, 
oft  papa,  with  llietis'  silver  feet. 
Sir,  joo  hara  liked  and  loved  them, 
ioroa(l(h 


und 


wtt  Ui  mv  d*ath  ImHed  *]    v«'t   [    i 
I  «fiyrr|»riiil.  iliAi  tiH  Intt'^Hiunt  jm  '- 

Kt«!4l,     Ap  )lii»  i^asmfv  b«tliti«en  till  1. 

to  be  pud«nli.MiJ, 

»  aptryiex'4  and  m^aterhv*  mettmdt]  Wtt  bave 
id  \M*  e%pte**kon  trvm  Xbt  iQU  t 
t  a  perpln'd  ftmn  and  mHh«d/'  Ac.  Act  li,  we..  K 
bf  e4D  inor«  •iroajrly  evpre**  tbi-  chiracUT  iM  iIua 
m  fadtcr^  wliove  crlmet  were  too  horribk  f*»r  hi^ 
vftm^  mnd  ^Umc  wubtrt  are  too  Sti;lli(}u«  for  Ui§ 
e  lisaf  • 

q»  hai»i  «Mi>  Aon*.  &c.]    TbtfA  in  Khtff  John  : 
hun,  Uiat  Mil'st  me  be  content  wert  KfiiQp 
v^  naA  »Uad't%>ii*  to  thy  uiother  s  womb, 

.  tin{  ti]«rk>i 

u  itc.)    Tbifjc  limri  of  Mm*- 
i>,j.i>l4ilDU  from  a  pretty  Gntek 

(X*«c  HpiJC.  MiXirij,  rftc  X"P«f  Aeiyvijc 

DOMD, 
,  Vi.t\.r   bMf  a  Aorry  kind  of  ao  ip- 
>  •ver  wil  be  wheD  rbe 
iitcmJIiy  sp^tkU   to 
k  /.^  ■:.    ;    mi. 


With  your  hyperboles  of  praise  ponr*d  on  them, 
My  modesty  to  a  defensive  red,  [pleosed 

StTBw'd  o'er    that  pateiveaa,  which  you  th«?n  were 
To  style  the  purest  white. 

Makf,  And  iu  that  cup 
I  drank  the  poison  I  now  feel  dispersed 
Through  every  rein  anil  artery.    Wherefore  art  ^bou 
So  cruel  to  me  1     lliis  thy  outward  Mhape 
Brought  a  fierce  war  against  me,  not  to  be 
By  flesh  and  bbod  resisted  :  but  to  leave  ma 
No  hope  of  freedom,  from  the  ma^^ine 
Of  thy  mind's  forces^  treacherouKly  thon  drew*st  up 
Auxiliary  helps  to  strooj^thea  that 
Which  was  already  to  iti^elf  too  potent. 
IHiy  beantj  gave  the  Br«t  charge,  but  thy  duty, 
Seconded  with  thy  care  and  watchful  studies 
To  please,  and  ^erve  my  will,  in  all  that  might 
Raise  up  corrtent  in  me,  like  thunder  brake  th rough 
All  oppoaitioQ  ;  and,  my  rank*  of  rouon 
DiA banded,  ray  victorious  passions  fUl 
To  bloody  i^xecution^  and  compelled  me 
With  willing  hand  a  to  tie  on  my  own  chains , 
And,  with  a  kind  of  flattering  joy,  to  glory 
Jn  my  captivity, 

Theoc,  I,  in  this  von  ipeak,  lir. 
Am  iguoranee  itself* 

MaieJ\  And  so  continue  ; 
For  knowletlge  of  the  arms  thou  henr*st  agsinat  me, 
^Vould  make  the©  curse  thyself,  but  yi*'ld  no  aid,-! 
For  tliee  to  help  me  ,  and  'ti^  ere  cruelly 
In  me  to  wound  that  ipotless  innocence, 
HoweVr  it  make  me  guilty.     In  n  word, 
Thy  plurisy  •  of  goodness  is  iby  ill  ; 
Thy  virtues  vices*  and  thy  humble  lownesa 
Far  worse  tlian  stubborn  Mullennesa  and  pride  ; 
1  by  looks,  that  raW^h  all  beholders  else. 
As  killing;  as  the  bosiliak's,  thy  tears, 
Eipress'd  in  sorrow  for  tbe  much  I  suffer, 
A  glorious  insultatioa  t,  *nd  no  sign 
Of  pity  ill  iliee  :  and  to  hear  tboe  Hpeak 
In  thv  defence,  though  but  in  wdent  action, 
\Vouid  make  the  hurt,  already  deeply  fenter'd. 
Incurable  :  and  therefore,  aa  thou  ivouldst  not 
By  thy  presence  raise  fresh  furies  to  torment  me, 
I  do  conjure  tliee  by  a  father'^  power, 
(And  'tis  my  curse  I  dare  not  tliiuk  it  lawful 
To  a  lie  unto  thee  in  a  nearer  nimie,) 
Without  reply  to  leave  me, 

Theec.  My  obedience 
Ni^ver  learo'd  yet  to  question  iTiur  commandS| 
But  willingly  to  Ber\'e  them  ;  yel  I  must, 
Sim*?  tliat  your  will  forbids*  the  knowledge  of 
iMv  fault,  lament  mv  fortune.  [Erit. 

Malej:  O  that  1 
Have  reason  to  discern  the  better  way. 
And  yet  purane  the  worse  } !  When  1  look  on  her, 
I  burn  wttli  heat,  and  in  her  absence  freese 
With  th«  cold  blasts  uf  jealousy,  thai  another 

*  'r%  pi\ih«y  tj/  ifoodntM  if  thp  lit ;]  I.  e.  thy  tupcmbiiiir 
cUnce  uf  eu'idne**  :  thv  ilMni|;hi  li  tmm  Sbskaiicarc : 
"  For  t(tKidti«>!tt  ^rowliiK  to  M  piuriaff, 
0iei  ki  hlB  uwn  tm»  mncb/' 
Fur  thif,  the  olil  copy  read*  the ;   it  li,  bowevcr,  Ma  virMeet 
error  of  ihc  pieM>. 

^  A  g\t}rium  ifuuttation,}  nird  in  the  seme  of  gloriomtM, 
Stt  nij««f  ii>  Act.  i,  «,  I. 

I  M-ilcf.  O  that  I 

Hare  rvaKon  to  ili*rrm  the  brttrr  toof , 

And^t  pHtwtu!  tftf  worm !]  This  ti*d  been  iski  ticfore  bjr 

w4difo  metivrat  jmttottu. 


\ 


JMtricru  te^pt^r. 


B  f 


5« 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


lActiv; 


Should  e  cr  taste  tbose  delighu  tluit  are  denied  me  \ 
And  which  of  these  afflictions  brings  lent  torture, 
I  hirdJy  can  distingauh  :  I  a  there  tlieti 
No  mem  T  No  ;  so  my  trnderstttudiag-  tetU  me. 
And  that  bv  my  cross  fiiteo  tt  is  detenmn^ 
Thtl  I  KXk  both  WBj*  wretched. 

EnUr  Uflher  awd  Mosstueville. 

I'thef.  ^'otidec  be  wnlkit,  ur, 
In  much  vexmtion  :  be  halh  Ht'nt  mj  ladj. 
His  daughter,  weepiog^  in  ;  but  what  the  cause  is. 
Rests  yet  in  »up[>0!<iti<)n. 

Montr ^  I  gxj^iHi  St  it, 
But  must  be  further  saiiafied  ;  I  wiU  aift  him 
In  TiriratD,  therefore  quit  the  room. 

Usher,  1  am  gone,  air.  [t'lif* 

Maief.  Hn !  who  dLiturba  me  ?  MoutreviUe  f  your 
pardon, 

MmtlT.  Would  vou  could  ^^rant  one  to  yourself! 
With  the  assurance  of  a  fn^'nd,  and  yet,    [i  apeak  it 
Before  it  be  too  late»  make  n^pnmiion 
Of  the  ^rOHS  wro«|j  your  indiacrution  offered 
To  the  governor  and  his  »on  \  nay,  to  yourself; 
For  there  h^pn^  uiv  Horraw. 

Mait}\  Would  I  had 
No  ^^reater  ciiuHe  to  mourn,  tban  their  displeasure  * 
For  1  dare  justify 

Mm\tr.  We  must  not  do  • 
All  that  Wf  dare,    W  e're  private,  friend.    1  observed 
Vonr  alt«'niiions  with  u  stridor  f^ye, 
F(*r];iH|b»^  ihan  others  ^,  and,  to  lost*  tio  time 
In  repetition,  ymir  atraifge  demeuuour 
To  your  sweet  daughter. 

MfiUf,  Would  you  could  find  out 
Some  other  theme  to  treuf  of. 

Moutr,  None  but  tljis; 
And  thi!*  Vi\  dwell  on  ;  how  ridiculous, 
And  Riibj«ct  to  construction 

Mafff.  No  more  ! 

M^ntr,  You  made  yourself,  amazes  me,  and  if 
The  frequent  trials  interchanppd  between  us 
Of  ip%'<?  sind  friendfihip,  he  to  tlieir  desert 
>lsteem'U  by  you;  m  tbt^y  hold  weight  with  me. 
No  inwtird  trt>uljle  should  be  of  n  shape 
So  hornd  to  yourself,  but  that  to  me 
You  ittund  bound  to  disco%'er  it,  and  unlock 
Your  seeret'sl  thoughts  ;  though  the  most  innocent 
Loud  crying  nins.  [were 

Malfj.  And  so,  perhft[^s,  tliey  lire  : 
And  thi^refore  be  not  curious  to  learn  that 
Which,  known,  must  make  you  bate  me. 

Mimtr.  Think  not  to, 
I  am  yours  ill  right  and  wrong;  nor  shall  yrui  6nd 
A  rerbal  friendship  in  me,  but  an  active  ; 
And  here  1  vow»  f  ^ball  no  sooner  know 
Wbat  the  disease  is,  but,  if  you  give  leuve, 

I  will  apply  »  remedy*     Is  it  madness  \ 
t  I  am  familiarly  acquainted  witb 

*  If '«  mv»t  not  dOt  &c.]    Thli  ai]4  the  two  nrxt  spM^clte* 
are  JamhlMl  eniinrly  odi  of  mvirt  by  iht-  nnKtrii}  vdiiMrv. 

II  •crtn*  odd  lliat  lfa«>  iJioqIiI  ai»t  knuw  v^bcThtT  ilii->  were 
prtflliDK  prMf  or  venw 

*  /  am/4a>HHarlf  acquainted  with  u  4^ef>rea/i  man, 
Tlkai  torn  u>ilk  ekarmt  uttd  htrb*]    iio  ila-  lluc-i  ^uaA  in 

«11  the  f dUjion* :  upon  wtiirli  Mr^  M-  Mamid  reuurk>»  fnr 
IIh*  ftn«<  timiv  llmt  \ht  milre  rt^uirea  4  <Ulli ffi»i  dtvii^iuH. 
Tlii*  »  well  (hoii^hl  of  f  lii  bi<  edillun,  the  L'tmatfjral 
VamiHit  ttjmdlt  lowafH»  thv  eu^l  nf  ttir  ihlrd  %-tjlatnrp  aud,  to 
>pKuk  rtKKlrrjiirly,  I  h»vc  «lrc«f1y  correctH  his  vrrtiftcHhoa 
ill  it  Suiulr«tJ  pUrfK  within  ilic  cuni^^M  of  a«  many  pa^eJ^; 
nay,  of  tive  Utik  which  ha»  pAVM-il  »lnc«  th«  enlraac«  of 
MoQirevide,  nearlji^  a  iii«firi>  b4«  iinck-n^oae  «  u«w  arraayr- 


A  deep-read  man,  that  can  with  ehanua  and  berbi 
Restore  you  to  your  reason  ;  or  suppose 
You  ore  bewitch 'd  ?  be  with  more  potent  2»pells 
And   magical   rites  shall  cure   you.     Is't  ii«tVMli 
anjj^erl 

W' ith  penitence  and  sacrifice  sppeane  it : 

Beyond  this,  there  is  nothing  thftt  I  cftn 

Imagine  dreadful ;  in  your  fume  and  fortimes 

You  are  secure  ;  your  impious  son  removecl  too,        , 

That  rendered  joo  suspected  to  the  8t«te  j 

And  yotir  &ir  daughter | 

MaU^',  Oh  !  press  me  no  further.  [batli  lip 

Montr,  Are  you  wrung  there  !   Wliy,  whit  of  bcrl' 
Made  shipwreck  of  hor  honour,  or  conspired 
Agamst  your  life  T  or  seal'd  a  contract  fyith 
The  devd  of  hell,  for  the  recorery  of 
Her  young  Inamorato  T 

MuteJ.  None  of  these; 
And  yet,  what  must  increase  the  w  onder  in  TOV« 
Bemg  innocent  in  herself,  she  hath  wouAded  mB'f 
But  where,  enquire  not.     Yet,  I  know  not  how 
I  am  pefiuaded,  from  my  confidence 
Of  your  vow'd  lore  to  me,  to  trust  you  with 
My  dearest  secret ;  pray  you  chide  me  for  it. 
But  with  a  kind  of  pity,  not  insulting 
On  my  c:ilnmity. 

Montr.  Forward. 

Mule/,  This  same  daughter — 

Monir.  What  is  her  fault  t 

MuieJ.  She  is  too  fair  to  me. 

Mufi'tr,  Hal  how  \s  this? 

Mofff,  And  I  hare  look'd  upon  her 
More  tlian  a  father  should,  and  langtusb  to 
Enjoy  her  as  a  husband, 

Mttutr.  Heaven  tbrbid  it ! 

Malrf,  And  «hm  IS  all  the  comfort  you  can  giye  me! 
IVhere  are  your  promised  aids,   your    chariDs,  your 

herbs, 
Yotir  deep-fead  sobolar^s  spells  and  magic  riles  f 
Can  all  these  disenchant  me  T  No,  I  must  b« 
My  own  physician,  »nd  upon  myself 
Practice  a  desperate  en  re. 

Mouir.  Do  not  contemn  me  : 
Enjoin  me  what  you  please,  w^th  any  hajMirl 
riluiKleTtake  it.  Whnt  means  have  yots  pncllMd 
ToqueiK'h  tills  hellish  liret 

Makj\  All  1  could  think  on, 
But  tri  no  purpose  i  und  yet  sometimes  sbMiics 
Does  yield  a  kind  of  iatermis^iun  to 
1  he  fury  of  the  fit* 

MoHtr,  See  her  no  more,  the^i. 

Mate/,  Tis  my  hist  refuge,  and  'twas  my  intent. 
And  a^l  *tis,  to  desire  your  helpr 

MotitT,  Command  iL  N^^ 

Mtit^f.  Til  us  then  :  you  have  a  fort,  of  which  you 
The  n.b»olute  lord,  whrther,  I  pray  you,  bear  her  : 
Aud  that  the  night  of  her  may  not  again 
Nourish  ihose  flames,  whtcb  I  feel  something  1i«aen*d 
By  all  the  lies  of  friendship  I  cotijure  you, 
A.  ad  by  a  solemn  oath  you  must  cc«i£rm  it. 
That  though  my  now  calm'd  passions  should  ra<r** 

higher 
Than  erer  heretofore,  and  so  compel  me 
Once  more  to  widib  to  see  her ;  though  I  as* 
Persuasions  mii'd  wiiJj  threstninga,  (nay,  add  to  it. 
That  1,  this  failmg,  should  with  handa  li»^ld  up  iho*' 
Kneel  at  your  feet,  and  batht»  them  with  tears 
Pray*-ra  or  curses,  vows,  or  imprecntions. 
Only  to  look  upon  her,  though  at  distance 
You  still  must  be  obdurate. 


Sc«jf»  IT.] 


THE  UXNATURAL  COMBAT 


Umttr.  ir  it  be 
Yoar  pleasttre,  iir,  tluit  I  «batl  he  unmoved^ 
I  will  cndeaTour. 

Mai^.  You  miut  «w«iar  to  be 
Ixtexorabl^,  ai  you  wcMild  }>r«vent 
Tk«  j«T««ieflt  iiii«obief  to  your  friend,  tbat  fitte 
Could  throw  upon  bim* 

Mtmtr,  Well,  I  imII  obey  you. 
But  how  the  governor  n  ill  be  Aa»wer*d  yet, 
And  't^  maiariml,  is  not  constdt^r^d. 

Matrf,  Ltftve  thut  to  me.  VU  pr^tnentlr  g^ive  order 
How  you  shall  stttprise  ber  ^  b«  not  frigbtod  with 
If«r  «xoli]iitiioiu. 

Mmitr,  he  you  eouitaat  to 
Yoar  reaoluticMi,  1  will  not  fail 
Iq  what  couoemj  my  part. 

Mai^^  Be  ever  bleaa'd  forHf  [£i«itNr. 


SCENE  IL^^  Strett. 
E.mer  Be^autout  Junwr,  Cbamovt,  tin/!  Lat^ovh. 

Cham.  Not  to  be  spoke  wilb,  soy  you  ! 

Bmuf.Jufu  No* 

ijatu   NofTOU 
Admitted  to  have  conference  wiili  li«r  ? 

Bmt^^Jtm,  NVitber. 
file  doors  axe  fiu»t  lock'd  up,  and  solirnde 
Dwells  rocind  about  them,  no  acce»fi  allow 'd 
To  rrjead  or  ecieniy ;  but 

Cham,  Kay,  be  not  moved,  air  ^ 
L^t  his  pas«too  work,  luid,  like  a  bot^rein'd  horse*, 
*Twin  c)uick]y  tire  ilielf, 

Bruuf.  jiin«  Or  in  bis  death, 
Vt'bich,  for  ber  sake^  'till  now  I  have  forborn, 
I  will  r«v«nge  tb**  injury  be  butb  done  to 
My  true  and  bwful  love^ 

Lan,  How  does  your  father. 
Til©  ^remor,  relish  it ! 

Btauf.jun,  Troth,  be  never  bad 
Affedloni  to  the  match  ;;  yet  io  hi»  pity 
To  me,  he's  gone  in  person  to  bis  houw^ 
Nor  wilt  he  he  denied  ;  and  if  be  Bnd  not 
Strong  and  fair  reasons,  Malefort  will  bear  from  bim 
In  a  Jciud  be  does  not  look  for« 

Cham,    In  the  mean  Hme, 
Pray  yoo  put  on  cheerful  looks* 

Enfrr  Moxtaicni;* 

Beouf.jun.  Mine  suit  my  fortttue, 

LaM.  O  here's  Montaigne. 

MiamL  I  nerer  could  have  met  3^u 
More  opportunely.     Ill  not  stele  tbe  jt-st 
By  my  relation  f ;  but  if  you  will  look  on 
The  nmleeontent  Belgsrde,  newly  rigg'd  up, 

• amdi  Hkt  a  h'^-TtiH*d  4u»rv, 

TmUifuicy^  tin  itM{f.]    Tin*  i*  ftom  SbftkjpraR, 

" Anxvr  If  like 

A  ftaJl  bot  hone,  wito  twinit  aJlow'tl  bis  wiy, 
Seif-ni^nk  iire»  Mm/'    Coxktss, 

♦ Jn  mot  itale  the  jet* 

Bw  "^  rriatitm ;]  L  e.  render  It  Itat,  deprive  it  of  *ert  by 
pRVKMii  iBtiotirioo.  Tbb  It  one  of  a  iH^wMtid  iii»taiiccB 
which  m%^\  \k  br^a%H  to  pnivc  ihal  the  true  reading  io 
Oriff/oRtta,  An.  i.  wt.  i.  !•, 


Hfe.  Tt 


it  ifi«>>  br.  >o«  liavc  beard  it ; 


prrve»  my  uurpusc,  I  will  veiatari: 

Theobald  jodinottiry 
<  t«  petnlsntiy  emiai^, 


With  the  train  that  follows  him,  'twill  be  an  objeei  ' 
Worthy  of  your  noting. 

Eeauf.juM,  Look  you  tl>e  comedy 
Make  g'ood  the  prolog^ue,  or  tlje  scorn  wilt  dwell 
Upon  yourselC 

MimL  I'll  basard  that ;  observe  now. 

BcLGAitpa  tomn  out  m  agaihnt  habii ;  gtaytutUm 
</iwr  uilA  hit  *iivrd  drmvm. 

Stmrai   voice*   uithht.       N»y.  captain  I    glorious 

captain  ! 
Bttg.  Fall  bnck,  m8c«ls  ' 
0o  you  make  an  owl  of  me  !  tliis  doy  I  will 

Receive  no  more  petitions. - 

Here  ore  bilU  of  all  occasions,  iind  ull  aiiei*  ! 
If  this  be  the  pleasure  of  a  rich  suit,  would  f  wcrt 
Ap,ain  in  my  buff  jerkin,  nr  my  nnnour  ! 
Then  1  walk'd  securely  by  my  creditors*  noses, 
Kot  a  dog  marked  me  ;  every  ofliccr  slmnn'd  me, 
And  not  one  lousy  prison  would  receive  me  : 
litit  now^  as  the  ballad  says,  I  am  turn  d  gallanl. 
There  does  not  live  that  thing  I  owe  a  sous  to, 
But  does  torment  me.     A  fiuibful  eobler  told  me. 
Witli  his  awl  in  Itis  hand,  I  was  behindhand  with 

him 
For  setting  me  upright,  smd  bade  me  look  to  myself*  ' 
A  sempstress  too,  that  traded  but  in  socks, 
*Swore  sbe  would  set  a  serjeaut  on  mv  back 
For  a  borrow 'd  shirt :  ray  pay,  and  the  benevolencs 
TIjp  governor  and  the  states  bestow  VI  upon  me. 
The  city  corraorantji,  my  money-mongers^ 
linve  swallow*d  down  already  ;  thny  were  sums, 
I  grant, — but  that  I  should  be  surh  a  fool. 
Against  my  OMlh,  being  a  csshier'd  captnin. 
To  pay  debts,  though  grown  up  to  one  and  twenty, 
Deserves  more  reprehension,  in  my  ju figment. 
Than  a  shopkeeper,  or  a  lawyer  that  leads  money. 
In  a  long,  dead  vdcittion. 

Mont*  How  do  you  like 
Ilia  meditntiun  1 

Ch<itn»  Pt^ce  f  let  him  proceed, 
lietg*  I  cannot  now  go  on  the  score  for  shnrue. 
And  where  I  shall  begin  to  pawn — ay»  marr)% 
That  is  considered  timely  !   1  paid  for 
111  is  imin  of  yours,  dsme'  Estridge  '/fourteenerowns, 
And  yet  it  is  so  light,  *twill  hardly  past 
For  a  tavern  reckoning,  unless  it  be 
To  save  the  charge  of  painting,  nail 'd  on  a  poet 
For  the  sign  of  the  feathers.     Fox  upon  the  fashion, 
Ihat  a  captain  cjinnot  tliink  himself  n  captain, 
If  be  wear  not  this,  like  a  fore-horse  !  yet  it  is  not 
Staple  commodity  :  tht^ne  are  perfumed  too 
O*  the  Roman  wash,  snd  yet  a  stale  red  herring 


*o,  iodccd,  It  doet,  an<l  mmny  other  ihlnga ;  n^one  of  which« 
however,  t^tsr  any  rtrlitluii  i«  tbc  lexi,  iSteevcnt,  Uw,  pre- 
fer! weals,  i^hh'h  he  provtf,  from  a  virlety  of  Icnrntrd  auiboK 
rjticj,  lo  lacan  "  scjuUt,  «li»pert«,  tprv«d  :"  to  inAlii:  may  or 
tltem^  liuwwer,  toil  hii  porpoic,  he  ii  obliectl  to  gi\c  an 
anfaiihfal  vi-raion  of  ihv  t«xt :  "  Tlioiiglt  mimf  t{f  jfttu  iiBve 
heard  tbr  ttm-y,  I  wilJ  wprtod  it  yet  widt-r,  nml  diifufec  U 
among  the  rr*t.'*\  Th<Te  i«  nothiii|>;  of  thi»  in  ShAlo^irnre  ; 
and  iiid(,>ed  1  cannot  avoid  (ookiD^  upun  ihc  whc.4«  <>f  bU 
loBlT  note,  a»  a  feeble  attetnpl  lu  Ju^iiJy  a  pailp*lilif  error  of 
tbe  preu,  at  the  ro?l  f>f  laefe  and  ten  At. 

The  itiistakr§  «if  Su-evcnt  are  [King^Toui,  iih<1  fhonld  b# 
noticed.  They  have  svduced  the  edluu»  uf  Beanitiont  hmY 
Pletrbvr,  who  havt  brongbl  buck  Io  the  lexl  of  thtir  aulbor*, 
a  «urrn(illu«i  loug  fince  reitiovwl^  <jn  the  amhorlly  (an  Ibry 
«av)  of  thr  t|tMiiutli>rk*  prodoced  in  the  tiute  to  CWio/cifmt 
S<^Vut.  vil.  p.  2M. 

•  -I  paid  for 

ThU  train  tififtturi,  dmme  EMtrii/'yt,]  i.  e.  1hi«  tail ,'  tliers 
It  liitne  (rumour  In  ihli  Lively  apostrophe  tw  the  oairlclb. 


THE  UNNATURAL  CGIiIBAT- 


1%ctI7- 


Would  fill  llie belly  bBtt^T.  and  hurt  the  head  bia: 

And  tbia  is  Venice  gcjld  ;  would  I  hnd  it  again 

la   French  crowna  in  my  nocket !    0   you  com- 

manden, 
That,  hke  top.  hft^e  no  dead  poys,  nor  can  ttnm 
Th**  romuiis*iiry  at  a  muater  *»  let  me  stand 
For  nil  pxainple  to  you  !  as  you  would 
Unjuj  your  privileges,  videiieet, 
To  My  your  debu,  and  take  your  letcbery  grins  v 
To  nave  your  iasne  wftrni*d  by  others  firw; 
To  be  often  drunk,  and  awear,  yet  pay  no  Ibrfeil 
To  tbe  poor»  but  when  you  ihare  with  one  another  ; 
With  alj  your  other  choice  inimunitiea  : 
Only  of  tliia  I  serlouitly  advi^  you, 
Let  courtier*  f  trip  like  courtiers,  and  your  lorda 
Of  «iirt  and  dunghills  mvte  their  woo<U  »ad  acres, 
In  reWets,  aatiua,  tissues! ;  but  keep  you 
Constant  to  cloth  nud  ahamoi^ 

MimC.  Have  you  heard 
Of  such  a  penitent  homUy "? 

Beig,  I  am  studying  now 
When!  I  shall  hide  myself  till  tbe  nimotir  of 
My  wealth  and  bravery  vanish  J :  let  mi*  see, 
There  is  a  kind  of  raylting  bouse  not  fur  off, 
Where  I  used  to  spend  my  aflemoons,  among 
Suburb  ahi*  gamesters ;  and  yet,  now  1  tbink  on't, 
I  hairi''  cnick'd  a  rin^or  twu  there,  which  they  m-ide 
Others  to  solder  :   No • 

Enter  a  Bawd,  and  two  Courtexans  with  two  CkildrtH. 

1  Court.  O  I  have  we  spied  you  1  [time, 

Eftwti,  Upon  him  without  ceremony  t  now's  the 
Willie  he's  in  the  puying  vein, 

%  CourL  S»veyou,  bnive  captato! 

bmuj\jitn.  'flight,  how  heBt«rej»  I  they  are  worse 
than  die- wolves  to  him, 

Beig*  Shame  me  not  m  tlie  streets ;  I  was  coming 
to  you* 

1  CowrL  O  sir,   you  may  ia  public  piiy  fur  the 
You  had  in  private.  [Addling 

i*  Ctmrt.  We  bear  you  are  full  of  crowns,  sir, 

1  Court.  And  thertsfore,  knowing  you  are  open- 
htmded, 
Before  all  be  destroy 'd,  FU  put  you  in  miad,  air. 
Of  your  young  heir  her^, 

t  Cmtrt.  Here*s  a  second,  sir. 
That  looks  for  a  chdd^s  portion. 


That,  liktm^,  Kdircne  disafl  pAvt,  nortnn  cos^n 
The  cummifMary  at  a  mivjritrr^j  1\\e  c«illua'»i^  pmrlicef 
here  allnded  to  (at  Mr.  GilchriM  ob5ii>nt-r<)  appcir  imA  to 
Jmvc  bi'i'ti  ttnrti<<)tienT,  fln.rl  iiiilc4*d,  RirW.  D'Avmant,  uiib 
tht9,  mfationi  many  similar  conuptiuot  in  ihe  '■*  w«r  dvpurt- 
mcDL"'  ur  bii  \\IU<:  I 

"  Can  >tm  \mx  p^W  t)ic  ?t*tc  finely , 
MuiHertip  yoor  jtminunithiii  ca^fock^  Miiircil  \iiih  »Lrd.w, 
Number  b  bumlrvfl  tprty  dine  dead  fn$f/». 
And  ttisnk  heaven  for  >'oiir  dilcliiiMUi-k  r 
Csoaot  ytm  cloilic  ytmr  r2|£gt.Nl  kiiUntry 
With  MbbAge  leave*  f  dv^uur  \\iv  n^ckiitdn^, 
Atttt  c^t^tw  iMt  111  tlir  riNi,  bill  yoti  tnitnl  bind«*r 
P»Kir  wucictitu  from  i;>iil«|  wjirm  town"    7 he  Si^iff^Act  UU 
t   Lit  rtmrfirrg,  Ac]      The  vciidir  i*iU  nm^W  nt  ihv  «i"rii- 
Ti*W  aollmilft  of  iticlrc  ihi|i*r>»#d  hy  Mir  fornnr  cditur* :   Ihii 
and  Um'  tcmr  fMlkiMriuie  nii««  BtJiiid  thus  m  Cuiictor,  and  Mr. 
R.  Mit^'ii  : 

i-f '  r/turtiertt 

A"  '  ftnd  dunghifli  nwt* 

Ti'v  .  in  Trtvett.mxtmM,  timw^  ; 

Hut  /fr^  '  to  cloth  a*$d  thantaiM, 

Wi'iil     '  rd  o/rtwha  pffutmt  kftmflg  .' 

t  Mjf  uvnlf'  .ty  vanish:]     Hruvtrg  b  Hiol  by 

■II  Ibc  'vritcra  <4  :Ujji4JUi^i.r's  lim«,  Aur  ovtvnUilWai  Auery  of 


HeviQA  witb 


BauxL  There  are  reckonings 
For  muskadine  and  eggs  too,  mnat  be  thought  oo* 
I  CourL  We  have  not  been  hasty,  sir. 
Bawd,  But  staid  your  leisun  : 

But  now  yon  are  ripe,  and  loeden  with  IVnit ' 

«  Cffurt.  Tia  fit  you  should  be  poll'd  ;  bete's  a  bof, 
Pray  you,  kiss  him,  'tis  your  own,  air.  [skt, 

l'  Court.  Nay.  buss  this  first. 
It  bath  just  your  eyes ;  and  luch  a  promising  OiMi, 
That  if  the  sij^n  deceive  me  not,  in  time 
'IVill  prove  ii  nutable  stfiki?r*.  like  hU  ^tbfllC* 
Heig.  And  yet  you  laid  it  to  anuther. 
1  Ciiiirf.  True, 
While  you  wtT«  poor  ;  and  it  wna  policf  ; 
Hut  she  thut  has  ninety  of  fiirhers, 
And  makes  not  choice  of  him  that  can  mainiBiiL  1^ 
Ne'er  studied  Aristotle  t- 
Lan*  A  smart  quean  I 

Betg.  \\  by,  braches,  will  yott  wotty  sib  |  ! 
t  CifurL  No,  but  ease  you 
Of  your  gnlden  burtben  >  the  beery  earni^  mty 
Bring  you  to  a  sweatiog  sickness. 

J^.  Very  likely; 
I  foam  all  o'er  already* 

1   Cmirt.  Will  you  come  off,  sir  ^  I 
Ue%.  Would  I  had  ne'er  come  oat 
patience, 
Or  I  will  anger  you.    Go  to,  yoa  kiu>w  me. 
And  do  not  vex  me  furtber  ;  oy  roy  sins. 
And  your  di^ea^s,  which  arv  certain  trutbsj 
Whute  er  you  think,  1  am  nut  master,  at 
This  instant,  of  a  livre. 

t  Vem-t,  What,  and  in 
Such  ft  glorious  suit  \ 

Btig,  The  Likcr,  wretched  things, 
To  have  no  money. 

Buivd.  Yoii  may  pawn  your  clothes,  sir. 
I  Vaurt,  Will  you  see  your  issue  starire  ! 
9  Court.  Or  the  mothers  beg  1  | 

Btig.     Why,     you     unconaciooable     strumpets, 
M  ould  you  have  me 
Transform  ray  hat  to  double  clouts  and  biggina  ! 
My  rorsek't  to  n  cradle?  or  my  belt 
To  itwaddlebandis  I  or  turn  my  chxik  ta  blankeia? 
Or  to  sell  my  sword  and  spiirii,  for  soap  end  candlesl 


*  *7\irUt  prtmf  a  notabU  ktrlker,]    A  tfrikt^  H  m  mim»e/i$r:  \ 
Ibe  word  cwt iirs  agJiiii  in  th*  Pttrfuiment  ^f  £.^atk, 

♦  jWtrttHditd  ArtMloite.l    Thii*  h:u  bcin  hltlicrtoprialcd,  i 
AViT  studied  ArUi*tWt  nrubkoii :  a    pTuijui.     r.i.l(ii.,l  .i.r* , 
i.\t  which  fvtrv  reader  of  Mgi»jiuierr  will  r- 

I   Iklc.  Hhy,  brachcA,  iH//  yra  foorry  •" 
n  lefn^te  houod.    It  It  slnii)t<r  to  »«  wbai  , 
hAvv   hc'cn  wasted  la  ecmfMUDdUig  ibc    «« 
wi>rdf    Tlir  pBg»  trf  Sl)Ak«pcarc,  aD<l  Ji.»ii 
mr«    l«cunit>er«l  wiih   eiidltM  attulitfionv  , 

Idve  (tie  rt'adcr  sa  li^tuiraal  ■>  ibvy  runnd  Xatn..     Oa 
cvrr,   vvtiicb    ba«   escaped  ibe  «o(auuittNion»  wi 
mute  rial  pnrt  or  U,  U  wurth  alt  Ihii  ihe)  b«Ye  iidvafi 
Ibe  wufd.    TheGenfJtrman'a  H^'^^TnitHm*p>1^.    •'Thl 
la  EnilNnd  pitid  JicotlMnd  iwu  kind*  uf  tiamln|  4o^  i 
'whftm  cl^e  in  ib«  work) ,  the  brat  kind  la  call«|  af     ' 
tbl»  i*  A  fiHit  fccuiJn^  crt-'ature  bo(b  of  wiUle  bea 
fi«he»  alio  which  iW  hW  amooc  tbe  ruck*.   H^fimti^X 
in  t'ttffiand  if  called  a  brache  .*  a  hratk*  it  a   HAM  ' 
NhVKfiit  »]]  \wHtn\  biU'hfM :"  iini\  yvhvn  vtt  ttdd/breHs 
ft  wdl  t>e  alluded  tlul  eauuKh  ban  tieca  aalbd  aa  Ike  I 
$  1  Cuflit.   Mj//g/o«  come  ofl,  fir  ']  Lt.  Hill  yoe  ^ 
«o  tbi*  word  I*  uieil  by  all  our  mUI  dminailc  writers: 

" tfh* 

In  the  old  juM ice's  &iiii,  whom  bv  ivt>b'd  lalety, 
WIU  comt  q/Troandly,  we'll  *el  blin  free  Imi.** 

Tf^  ITktetf. 
Again,  in  the  fVeddtnfi,  by  ShiHey  : 

**  Wbal  waa  lli«  prka  yin  look  li>r  r.ntbna  I 
Dkl  Marwead  etm*  «ff  rvaadly  wiib  tib  )^«f  va  r* 


SCEWX  L] 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


55 


Hare  yoa  no  mercy  t  wliat  a  chargeable  devil 
We  cam  in  oar  breedies  t 

fiesu/. jwi.  Now  'tis  time 
To  fetch  him  o£ 

Enter  BxArroBT  mtdor, 

MorL  Your  father  does  it  for  nfl» 

Batod,  The  governor ! 

Beauf.sen.  What  are  these? 

1  Court,  An  it  Kke  your  lordship. 
Very  poor  spinsters. 

BawL  I  am  his  nurse  and  laundress, 

Beig.  You  have  nura*d  and  launder'd  me,  heU 
Tanish !  Ttake  you  for  it  I 

CkoMu  Do,  do,  and  tslk  with  him  nereaner* 

1  CmarL  Tis  our  best  course. 

f  Court,  Well  find  a  time  to  fit  him. 

[Exeunt  Bawd  and  Courtetant. 

Bmuf.  wu  Why  in  this  heat,  Belgardel 

Belg,  You  are  tne  cause  oft. 

Boauf.  sen.  Who.  I? 

Belg,  Yes,  your  pied  lirery  and  your  gdd 
Draw  these  vezations  on  me ;  pray  you  strip  me. 


And  let  me  be  as  I  was :  I  will  not  lose 
The  pleasures  and  the  fireedom  which  I  had 
In  my  certain  poverty,  for  all  the  wealth 
Fair  France  is  proud  oL 

Beauf.  ten.  We  at  better  leisure 
Will  learn  the  cause  of  this. 

Beauf.jun,  What  answer,  tir^ 
From  the  admiral  1 

Beai^.  ten.  None ;  his  daughter  is  removed 
To  the  fort  of  Montreville,  and  he  himself 
In  person  fled,  but  where,  is  not  discover'd ; 
I  could  tell  you  wonders,  but  the  time  denies  me 
Fit  liberty.    In  a  word,  let  it  suflice 
The  power  of  our  fpneet  master  is  contemn'd 
The  sacred  laws  of  God  and  man  pro&ned ; 
And  if  I  sit  down  with  this  injury, 
I  am  unworthy  of  my  place,  and  thou 
Of  my  acknowledgment :  draw  up  all  the  troops ; 
As  I  go,  I  will  instruct  you  to  what  purpose. 
Such  as  have  power  to  punish,  and  yet  spare. 
From  fear  or^  from  conmvance,  others  ill. 
Though  not  in  act,  assist  them  in  their  will. 

lExeunt. 


ACT  V. 


SCENE  ly—A  Street  near  Malbfort's  Houte. 

Enter  MoNTREviLLta^ftfc  Servants,  Thsocmnb,  Page, 
and  Waiting  Women.  ^ 

Montr.  Bind  them,  and  gag  their  mouths  sure ; 
I   • 


Will  be  your  convoy. 

1  Worn.  Madam! 

«  Worn.  Dearest  lady! 

Page.  Let  me  ^ht  for  my  mistress. 

Serv.  Tisin  vam. 
Little  cockerel  of  the  kind. 

Montr,  Away  with  them. 
And  do  as  I  comtaiand  von. 

{Exeunt  Servantt  wUh  Page  and  TTatftii^  Women. 

Theoe.  MpDtreville, 
Yoa  are  my  Adier's  friend ;  nay  more,  a  soldier. 
And  if  a  right  one,  as  I  hope  to  find  you. 
Though  m  a  hnrfol  war  vou  had  surprised 
A  ei^,  that  bow'd  humbly  to  your  measure, 
In  hooofir  you  atand  bound  to  guara  a  virgin 
From  violence ;  but  in  a  free  estate. 
Of  whidi  you  are  a  limb,  to  do  a  wrong 
Wlueh  noble  enemies  never  consent  to. 
Is  audi  an  insolence 

MMikr.  How  her  heart  beats* ! 
Mttch  like  a  partridge  in  a  sparhawk^s  foot. 
That  with  a  panting  silence  does  lament 
The  fate  she  cannot  flv  from !  Sweet,  take  comfort, 
Yoa  are  sale,  and  nothing  is  intended  to  you, 
Hot  love  and  service. 

Tkeoe,  Thef  came  never  clodied 
In  force  and  ootraffe.    Upon  what  assurance 
^Baosembertng  on^  that  my  frtther  lives. 
Who  will  not  tamelv  suffer  the  disgrace) 
Have  you  preaumea  to  hurry  me  from  his  house, 

•  Moatr.  Bom  her  heart  beaie  t  Stc)  ThU  U  a  verv  pretty 
•iinilc,  and,  though  sot  altoftther  af w,  la  made  striking  by 
the  elcfance  with  whkh  it  b  exprencd. 


And,  as  I  were  not  worth  the  waiting  on. 
To  snatch  me  from  the  duty  and  attendance 
Of  my  poor  servants  ? 

Montr.  Let  not  that  afflict  you. 
You  shall  not  want  observance ;  I  will  be 
Your  page,  your  woman,  parasite,  or  fool. 
Or  any  other  property,  provided 
You  answer  my  affection. 

Theoc.  In  what  kind  t 

Montr.  As  you  had  done  young  Beaufort's. 

Theoe.  How! 

Montr.  So,  lady ; 
Or,  if  the  name  of  wife  appear  a  yoke 
Too  heavy  for  your  tender  neck,  so  I 
Enjoy  you  as  a  private  friend  or  mistress. 
Twill  be  sufficient. 

Theoe.  Blessed  angels  guard  me  ! 
What  frxmtless  impudence  is  this  ?  what  devil 
Hath,  to  thy  certain  ruin,  tempted  thee 
To  offer  me  this  motion  1  by  my  hopes 
Of  after  joys,  submission  nor  repentance 
Shall  expuite  this  foul  intent. 

Montr.  Intent! 
Tis  more.  Ill  make  it  act 

Theoe.  Ribald,  thou  darest  not : 
And  if  (and  with  a  fever  to  thy  soul) 
Thou  but  consider  that  I  have  a  father. 
And  such  a  father,  as,  when  this  arrives  at 
His  knowledge,  as  it  shall,  the  terror  of 
His  veneeance,  which  as  sure  as  fate  must  follow. 
Will  make  thee  curse  the  hour  in  which  lust  taught 

thee 
9o  nourish  these  bad  hopes  ;— -and  'tis  my  wonder 
Thou  darest  forget  how  tender  he  is  of  me. 
And  that  each  shadow  of  wrong  done  to  me. 

Will  raise  in  him  a  tempest  not  to  be  [bim 

But  with  thy  heart-blood  calm'd :  this,  when  I  af^, 

Montr.  As  thou  shalt  never 

Theoe,  Wilt  thou  murder  me  ? 


56 


im  UNNATinAL  COMBAT, 


tArry.' 


Mantr.  No,  no,  tis  otH«rwis«  [h*tf>mim«>4»  fooL 
Tlir*  maiter  which  in  passton  Icilh  liis  alave 
That  niny  b#  useful  to  him.  dm-a  hitnsetf 
Tht^  injur)':   know,  iJioti  must  wreTclifd  i-riL'flture. 
Tlmr  fuiher  thou  presume«i  upon,  rhwt  futher, 
That,  when  I  ftoug^ht  thee  in  n  noble  woy, 
Denii*d  thee  to  tne,  fancying  in  his  hope 
A  hiL-Iwr  match  from  hia  excess  of  dotag^e. 
Hatli  in  his  b  <we1s  kindte^l  »tuchaflame 
Of  impioas  and  most  unniUumI  lust^ 
That  now  he  fears  his  mn#t  furious  desires 
May  force  him  to  do  ihnt,  he  sbaice^  to  thitik  on» 

Theoc.  O  me,  most  wretrhed  ♦ 

Monfr.  Nerer  hope  apinn 
To  hlaat  hjm  vith  tliose  eves  :  their  golden  Iwum^ 
Ar»  to  him  arrows  of  deal  h  and  hell, 
Bat  unto  me  divine  artillery 
Aad  tbefefori},,  wince  what  t  so  long  in  vuin 
Pursued,  U  offer'd  to  me,  und  by  btni 
Given  up  to  my  po«8«ft»ioii ;  do  not  flatter 
Thyself  with  an  una^^oary  hpf>«, 
Bui  that  ril  take  occasion  by  the  forelock. 
And  mnke  use  of  my  fortuuf.     As  w©  walk, 
ril  tell  th-*<j  more. 

Thfoe.  I  will  not  atir. 

M(tuir>     rn  force  ibee, 

Tht'oe.  Help*  ht'lp  ! 

M^ntv.  In  vnin. 

Thtftr^  In  niM  mv  hrotht'r'n  blood 
I^  pmii.sircl  lit  tlif  heiui'liT* 

Mimtr,  Tbe  couLb  therif ! 

Theoc,  Dear  sir 

Montr.  Tears,  curaet,  prayers,  are  alike  to  me  ; 
I  ciiii,  and  inuit  enjoy  my  present  pleasure, 
And  ^liall  take  time  to  mituru  for  it  nt  leisure. 

[if*  bean  her  o^'. 


SCENE  IL— ^  Spnct  before  the  FarU 
Entej'  MALiiioKj* 

J  hare  play'd  the  fool,  the  gross  fool,  to  beliere 

The  hosom  of  a  friend  will  hold  a  secret, 

Muw  own  could  not  contniTi ;  and  my  industry 

In  takm^^  liberty  fWim  ray  innocent  d8Ughter» 

Our  of  fahe  bope*  of  iVi'^loiii  to  myself, 

J  A,  in  thts  little  beJp  it  yiebk  me*  piinish'd, 

She'e  abifuit»  but  1  have  her  fij^ur*'  here  ^ 

And  erery  grace  nnd  mrity  about  her, 

Are  by  the  jiencil  of  my  memon', 

In  hrinp  colours  painted  on  my  hesrt. 

My  ftrei  too,  a  short  interim  closed  up, 

Breuk  out  with  g^reater  fury.     ^Vhy  waa  I* 

Since  'twaa  mv  liite,  und  not  to  be  declined, 

In  this  so  tender-ccinscienctMl  7  Say  1  bad 

Enjoy 'd  what  1  desired,  what  bnd  it  been 

But  incest  T  and  there's  somethiog  here  that  tells  me 

1  stand  accompfnhle  for  fjretiter  sins 

]  never  check  d  nt*.     Neither  bad  ibe  mme 

Wanted  a  precedent :  I  have  rend  in  story t , 


•  and  there'*  §mnetf>iHif  hrrt  ffuti  t«lis  me 

i  »tuHd  aotiJtnj.taBte  for  j/frutrr  g/n* 

I  mffftir  chrt'k d  at,]  Thv*e  tjjirk  dllii'ititi*  to  «  ilrr'niTftil 
ficU  Arv  iDlr'Kbtcril  Willi  ^difiirabJc Juc||;iiH>nl ,  Si  tlw^y  «wiikrn, 
itlilitmt  eiviili>liig,  llu.  curiofeiiy  oj  Un  rrudrr^  ukI  cjuktiuue 
lluf  iiili  rf^t  i>t  the  Utkr)% 

t  -  -  -  -  /  fnitv  ft-nd  in  Btory,  Av.]  He  liai!  bci-n  tfnily- 
iHg  Oviit,  ami  |>tfllcr»t.ti1>  the  drcMrinil  iinry  itt  \\)rt\i», 
Thk*  wifich«.il  Nticii^ii  of  MiiKfua  (m  Cb»i»ti«m,  at  k'ii>*l  lu 
miiiiitf,  me  may  »ap|w^*r)  lu  [idliirile,  iwr  Hefvnil  hi*  ln<^tMt«te(l 
crtiiii',  by  (he  M^Timpke  nt  talHtlTiu*  c1<  lliv*,  mro  bi  «  «lstv 


ThoMS  first  great  heroes,  that  for  th«r  bfiv«  d««4( 

Were  in  tbe  world's  first  infancy  strled  ftMl»« 

Frt*fly  enjoy 'd  what  I  denied  myself. 

IJlil  Snium,  in  the  iplden  a^,  embnoed 

Hu  aister  Opa,  and,  in  tbe  Mime  degree, 

Tbe  Thunderer  Juno.  Neptune  Theiis,  and, 

By  their  example,  after  the  6r«t  d(»liige, 

Deucnlion  Pyrrha.     Univer&al  nature. 

As  every  day  'tis  evident,  allows  il 

To  creatures  of  all  kinds  :  the  ,.-  "     •  ^    r.:;^ 

Covers  tbe  mare  to  which  he  \\ 

1  he  bird  with  fertile  s^^ed  givr-  •  .»»p 

l*o  ber  tbat  hotchM  bim  :  why  aliouid  enrious  man 

Brund  tb«t  close  act,  which  *f)ds  proiimity        rihen 

Mo  what's  most  near  bim.  with  »hr  abbortied  titJe 

Of  iuci^^st  ?  Of  our  Inlor  luws  forbid 

What  by  tlie  tirst  wa^i  granted  ?  Let  old  men, 

Thut  are  not  capable  of  the  aw?  del  lights . 

And  jiolemn  Bujterstitious  fools,  prescribe 

Rules  to  rbeniselred  ;   I  will   not  curb   nav  ffvedoin, 

But  constantly  go  on,  wiih  thia  assunince, 

1  but  walk  in  a  path  which  grenter  men 

Have  trod  before  me*     llaT  this  is  the  fort  : 

Open  die  gate  !    Witliin,  there  t 

Enter  tvo  Soldiert* 

1   Sold.  With  your  pardon 
We  must  forbid  your  entrance. 

Malrj\     Do  you  know  me  ? 

^  Sit'tii.  Perfectly,  my  lord. 

Male/.     I  am  [your]  captain's  Iriend*. 

1   Said.  It  may  be  ao  ;  but  till  we  know  hin  pira 
Yon  must  excuse  us.  ['^nn, 

)t  Sitid.  Well  acquaint  bim  with 
\  our  WBJTjnp:  here. 

MalrJ.  W  ajtijig,  slave  1  he  waa  ever 
By  me  comnianded. 

1   Sofd,  A  a  we  are  by  bim, 

Mut^.  8o  punctual  I  pray  you  tlien,  in  m^  osm^ 
liis  presencf^,  [mtrrai 

«  Said.  That  we  shall  do.  [Eiemiit 

Matef*  1  must  nse 
^me  strange  persuasions  to  work  him  to 
Delivtfr  her^^  and  to  forjcet  the  vows, 
And  horrid  oaths  I,  in  my  madneasj  iniid«htm 
1  oke  to  the  contrary  ;  and  may  I  get  her 
Once  more  in  my  possession,  1  will  bear  her 
Into  some  close  cave  or  desert,  where  well  end 
Our  lusta  and  tires  together. 

Enier  MoHTiuviLL£,  and  Soldier«, 

Montr.  Fail  not,  on 
The  Itarfeit  of  your  lives,  to  execute 
What  I  command.  [Kieunt  Sd^lfra* 

MuUj:  3Iontreville  !  how  is't  friend  1 

Montr.  I  itm  glad   to  see  yott  wetr  sudi  elie^ul 
Tbe  world's  weU  alier'd.  [lofikfl  ; 

MuUf.  YoBj  1  thajik  my  atara  : 
But  methinks  thou  art  troubled. 

Miuttr.  Some  litjbt  cross, 
But  of  no  moment.  | 


uf  iiKlure,  and  Iku1«,  is  a  jnRt  ami  ftrikjaf  pidnra  of  thm 
etfgtfniriLt  wlib  vrliich  a  tnlDd  rerclved  f>«i  fvflL  mioisNn  to 
iiR  own  tli'ccpikui,  Th!f,  in  lh«  Scripture  |ihrM»o|op',  k 
kMitlctl,  "  h^rrlt-niTiK  the  hrart  ;'*  and  Mtfitit  to  b«  fb*  1m| 
t\3^r  fif  tiumaji  clcpravaiinn. 

•  M.iU*f.  f  am  (ycmr)  captain'*  frin%ii J  Covctcr,  A4)(nr> 
ing  Ibe  v]il  copy,  reAd*,  J  nm  ihi*  cnpfnin*» /irttmil.  iff.  U* 
iUnanii  nlntrvAthig  lu  thp .'  If  ati}  fhNUC«  be  nw^c—ty,  et 
wIdcJi  1  ajn  dmitnttit,  ibc  word  iwm  iaserted  liids  lUfval  M 
be  genuine  ((imiii«Kl  Ln  edit.  ISlJi).  ' 


tb= 


I-] 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBATr 


57 


**.  So  I  hope ;  beware 

ftod  impious  tlioiights ;  yon  know  bow  far 

roueht  on  me* 

r.  No  flucb  eome  near  me,  sir. 

like  joQ,  no  danghter,  and  mocb  wisb 

rer  had  been  cars*d  witb  one. 

:  Who,  I  ? 

t  deceired,  I  am  most  ^iqppy  in  her. 

r.  1  am  gUid  to  bear  it. 

'.  My  inoestnons  fires 

her  are  quite  burnt  out ;  J  lore  bar  now 

ber.  and  no  further 

\  Fix  there  then 

nstant  peace,  and  do  not  try  a  second 

don  from  her. 

'.  Yes,  friend,  though  she  were 

ons  of  degrees  more  excellent 

•erfections  ;  nay,  though  she  could  borrow 

angelicsl  to  take  my  frailty, 

I  not  do:  and  therefore,  Montrerille, 

f  delight  next  her,  I  come  to  tell  thee 

emor  and  I  are  reconciled, 

)nfirm*d,  and  with  all  possible  speed, 

>  large  satisfaction  to  young  Beaufort, 

,  whom  I  have  so  much  wrong'd :  and  for 

ible  in  her  custody,  of  which 

discharge  thee,  there  is  nothing  in 

'^es  or  fortunes,  but  shtEill  erer  be 

levotion. 

.  Vou  promise  fairly, 

bt  I  the  performance  ;  yet  I  would  not 

T  be  reported  to  ha^e  been 

icipal  occasion  of  your  falling 

lapse:  or  but  suppose,  out  of 

ness  of  my  nature,  and  assurance 

firm  and  can  hold  out,  J  could  consent ; 

ds  must  know  there  are  so  many  lets* 

ke  against  it,  that  it  is  my  wonder 

T  me  the  motion  ;  having  bound  me 

ths  and  imprecations  on  no  terms, 

,  or  arguments,  you  could  propose, 

lould  admit  you  to  her  sight, 

ss  restore  ber  to  you. 

Are  we  soldiers, 
id  on  oaths ! 

.  It  is  beyond  my  knowledge 
we  are  more  worthy,  than  in  keeping 
ds,  much  more  our  vows. 

Heaven  pardon  all ! 
ny  thousands,  in  our  heat  of  wine, 
,  and  play,  and  in  our  younger  days, 
te  I  may  say,  between  oursdves, 
I  of  love,  have  we  to  answer  for, 
re  be  scrupulous  that  way  1 

You  say  well : 
f  aptl^r  call  to  memonr 
IS  against  all  ties  and  rites  of  friendship 
»y  vou  to  me. 

No  more  of  that. 

Yes,  'tis  material,  and  to  the  purpose : 
(and  think  upon't)  was,  when  I  brought 

tant  to  my  mistress  then,  ^the  mother 

une  daugnter,)  whom,  wiUi  dreadful  words, 

3ns  to  remember,  you  swore  deeply 

ake  never  to  attempt ;  yet  then, 

len  you  had  a  sv/eet  wife  of  your  own, 

tfd»  mutt  kmaw  there  art  «o  moMjf  lets]  I.  c  impe* 
bttMlcs,&c.    ^te  Ike  ntym-Martvr, 


1  know  not  with  what  f>rts,  philtres,  and  charms 
(Unless  in  wealth*  and  fame  you  were  above  me) 
Vou  won  her  from  me ;  and,  her  grant  obtained, 
A  marriage  with  the  second  wait^  on 
The  burial  of  the  first,  that  to  the  world 
Brought  your  dead  son :  this  I  sat  tamely  down  by. 
Wanting,  indeed,  occasion  and  power 
To  be  at  the  height  revenged. 

Makf,  Yet  this  you  seem'd 
Freely  to  pardon. 

Jtfonlr.  As  perhaps  I  did. 
Your  daughter  Theocrine  growing  ripe, 
(Her  mother  too  decea«ed,)  and  fit  for  marriage, 
I  was  a  suitor  for  her,  had  your  word. 
Upon  your  honour,  and  our  friendship  made 
Authentical,  and  ratified  with  an  oath, 
She  should  be  mine  :  but  vowa  witb  you  being  like 
To  your  religion,  a  noae  of  wax 
To  be  tum'cT every  way,  that  very  day 
The  governor's  son  but  making  his  approaches 
Of  courtship  to  her,  the  wind  of  your  ambition 
For  ber  advancement,  scattered  the  thin  sand 
In  which  you  wrote  your  full  consent  to  me. 
And  drew  you  to  his  party.    What  hath  pass'd  sin^, 
You  bear  a  register  in  your  own  bosom, 
That  can  at  large  inform  you. 

Malrf,  Montreville, 
I  do  confess  all  that  you  chaise  me  with 
To  be  strong  truth,  and  that  f  bring  a  cause 
Most  miserably  guflty,  and  acknowledge 
That  though  your  goodness  made  me  nune  own  judge, 
I  should  not  shew  the  least  compassion 
Or  mercy  to  myself.    O,  let  not  yet 
My  foulness  taint  your  pureness,  or  my  falsehood 
Divert  the  torrent  of  your  lojral  faith  !  "^ 

My  ills,  if  jiot  return  d  by  you,  will  add 
Lustre  to  your  much  gooa ;  and  to  o'ereome 
With  noble  sufferance,  will  express  your  strength 
And  triumph  o  er  my  weakness.    If  you  pktae  too 
My  black  deeds  being  only  known  to  you, 
And,  in  surrendering  up  my  daughter,  buried. 
You  not  alone  make  me  your  slave,  (for  I 
At  no  part  do  deserve  the  name  of  friend,) 
But  in  your  own  breast  raise  a  monument 
Of  pity  to  a  wretch,  on  whom  with  justice 
You  may  express  all  cruelty. 

Mentr.  You  much  move  me. 

Malrf,  O  that  I  could  but  hope  it !  To  revenge 
An  injury  is  proper  to  the  wishes 
Of  feeble  women,  that  want  strength  to  act  itf  : 
But  to  have  power  to  punish,  and  yet  pardon. 
Peculiar  to  princes.    See  !  these  knees. 
That  have  been  ever  stiff  to  bend  to  heaven. 
To  you  are  supple.    Is  there  anght  beyond  this 
Ihat  may  speak  my  submission ?  or  can  pride 
nhough  I  well  know  it  is  a  stranger  to  you) 
Desire  a  feast  of  more  humility, 
To  kill  her  growing  appetite  ? 

Montr.  I  required  not 
To  be  sought  to  this  poor  wayt ;  yet  'tis  so  far 

«  (  Unleu  in  wealth,  &c.]  i.  e.  Unle$$  it  were  that  m  wealth. 
Sec 

t  To  revenge 

Am  injurjf  i§ proper  to  the  wiehe$ 

Of  feeble  women,  that  want  etrength  to  act  it :] 

Qtdfpe  numUi 

Semper  et  ir\firmi  e$t  animi  erijfwque  voluptae 
Vltio.    Contimio  eic  coUige,  quod  vindicta 

Nemo  magi*  gamdetf  quamjamina." 

Juv.  Sat.  xlll.  in. 
t  Montr.  /  reqmred  not 
To  be  waiht  to  tMe  poor  wap ;]    So  the  old  copy  :  tli« 


I; 


TWK  UNNATURAL  COMBAT* 


tA«r^ 


A  kfodof  mtisAietJon,  that  I  will 

DispenM  a  little  with  tboM  teriaut  oiths 

You  made  me  take  :  your  daoehter  «hiill  come  to  yott, 

I  will  not  Mj,  iu  jou  ddlvvrd  ber, 

But  &B  il]«  U.  vou  msy  dispove  of  ber 

Ai  Tou  dball  tnink  mo«t  requiiiitet  f  K^iL 

i!aUf\  Hi»  Uut  word* 
Arci  riddles  to  me.     Here  the  lioD*i  force 
Would  huve  proved  useless,  and,  pgninat  mj  nftture, 
Conjpell'd  me  from  the  crocodile  to  borrow 
Her  connterfeit  tears  :  tbere's  now  no  tunuog^  b*ck* 

ward. 
Muj  I  but  quench  these  fires  that  mg:e  within  me, 
And  fidl  wbiit  am  fnll,  I  sm  arni'd  to  he^  tl  ! 

Enter  Soldiere,  ihrusiing  forth  TfitocniNK  ,-  her 
garnnniti  loow,  hfr  hair  dithtt'elted, 

f  Soid,  You  must  be  tmckifi;;. 

Thtae,  Hith  he  robb*a  me  of 
^  Miii«  honour,  mid  deuiei  me  now  •  foom 
To  bide  my  ahame ! 

t  Sold.  My  lord  the  ndminil 
Attends  your  tiuiysbip. 

I  Sittdl  Close  ihe  port,  and  leave  them. 

fEifunt  Soitiien, 
ler'd !  bow  de- 
"formed ! 
It  cannot  be  :  and  yet  Ihii  ereotufe  hnA 
A  kind  of  a  resemblance  to  my  daug^hter. 
My  Theocrine  !  but  «a  difteirnt 
From  that  ahe  was,  an  bodies  dpud  are,  in 
Their  beat  perfection ti,  from  what  tliey  were 
When  tbey  had  life  and  motion. 

7^*foe*  'Tts  most  tTUf»  sir; 
I  am  dead*  indijed,  to  all  hut  miaety. 

0  oome  not  near  me,  atr,  1  am  ijireetioua  ; 
To  look  on  me  it  dietance^  ui  ns  dun^^eroua 
Aa  horn  a  piimtck's  cloud -kisaing  spire 
With  giddy  eyea  to  view  the  steep  cfeacent ; 
But  to  acknowledge  me,  a  oertain  rain* 

O.  air  I 

Makf,  Speak,  Theocrine,  force  me  not 
To  furtljer  qtiestion  ;  my  fears  tdready 
Have  choked  my  vital  spirits. 
I       Theoc.  Pray  you  turn  away 
!  Your  fiice  and  hear  me,  and  with  my  hist  breath 
Give  me  leave  to  accuse  you  ;  what  olfenoe^ 
From  my  first  infancy*  did  I  commit* 
That  for  a  puniuhment  you  aboiild  give  up 
My  rirgtn  chasiity  to  tlie  treacheroua  g:uanl 
Of  ffostiHU  ^Montreville  I 

Mairf.  V\  hat  hath  be  done  ? 

TUenc.  Abused  me,  air,  hy  violence  ;  and  thiatold* 

1  cannot  live  to  speak  more  :  may  the  cuuse 

10  you  find  jiardon,  hut  th<*  apeeJini^  curse 
Of  s  ravish 'd  maid  fall  heavy,  lienvy  on  him  ! 
Beaufort,  my  lawful  love,  farewell  for  ever.      [Bits, 

flifMlrra  editors,  ignoriiiiit  iof  the  laagUAgv  of  tJi«  tjtite,  wrbl- 
tmrily  I'xclianj^v  to  fur  in^  amJ  Ihui  pvi-vert  lUc  ftvuMi.  Tn 
wttk  to,  ia  lo  ftipptk'die,  lmiItcjiI^  have  tsjimest  reconrw  i\\ 
arc. I  «hicb  i»  llie  ttiiritiilrtg  of  (lie  lent. 

Thrrt  wafr  «  bo^jk,  niucli  itatt  by  onr  »ncc4tnr»,  from 
whiiit,  •*  tH'int  llie  pnrv  Uill  higid  of  Bngllalt  (.troMS  iJucy 
rlrrhMl  «  nimfbrr  of  (jhrfl**-*  \hM  hivt  *oivU  pnrxird  ihttSr 
rlcflccnilMut*.  Thi»  txx'k  ^  '  ;  •  itunaulysitU  iniii^l»ienc«, 
I*  Ut*   fllUlv  :  Ku^l  1  V.  in,  Midtoni  feJir  i\t  i><n- 

ltNitlcti«Mi|  that  ihu#c  ■  i  i'*o|;le  \*L.i  hn%c  *lmlit'(! 

11  well.  »ft  »  <MJ4ii|j«1i'r»i  jitML'<v^  III  iiir  (iH-aniinK  "f  our  attcicot 
4i*hlc'iit.  4»  nu»\  of  ihv  firiruiirifiii  of  bliick  Titvrnfure,  Truiii 
Th4^b4l4l  lu  Si4'«vru«,  Tbc  t!X|)ieii«ir>D  tti  the  text  frvqnently 
iircnrt  ill  il :  "  AinJ  Am  '*t*9  <1ih'«H(1  Mi  !»•  fcil-jti  in  bl* 
iU»ii  it»r  III'  ttn^ht  Hut  l0  Uiv  LtJitl,  but  fn  lihc  (fh>>kiji*u.** 
?1  Ctirua.  »vi,  1% 


Matrf,  Take  not  thy  Hig^ht  ao  aooo,  ODiiiiietiiita 
Tie  fled  idready.^ — ttow  the  innoeenti  ['f*'^ 

As  in  a  (gentle  slumber,  pass  awmy  \ 
But  to  cut  off  tbe  knotty  thnwd  of  lift 
In  guilty  men,  must  force  stem  Atropos 
To  use  her  sharp  knife  often.     I  would  belp 
I'he  eds^e  of  ber's  with  the  sliarp  point  of  mar, 
Uut  that  I  dare  not  die,  till  1  have  rrat 
This  dng'%  heart  piecemeal.     O,  that  1  bad  wio^ 
To  scale  the»e  walb,  or  that  my  hands  were  cumau, 
To  bore  their  flinty  aides  !  that  I  migbt  bris^ 
The  villain  in  tbe  reach  of  my  good  arword  ? 
llie  Turki-nh  eujjiire  offer'd  for  bia  rvnaome, 
Should  not  redeem  his  life,     O  tbat  mv  rinem 
Were  loud  as  tL under,  and  with  borrid  sound! 
Might  force  a  dreadful  passafe  to  bia  e^rs. 
And  through  them  reach  his  itoui !  lihidinoiUimotaittvl 
Foul  rvvisher  !  as  thou  dur»t  do  a  deed 
Which  fo refold  the  sun  to  hide  his  grtorloiim  intm 
Behind  a  sable  mask  of  cIouds«  appettT, 
And  as  a  man  defend  it ;  or  Uke  me. 
Shew  some  compunction  for  iL 

Enter  MoNTRFvrLLE  oh  thd  WatU  mbeof* 

Mflntr,  Ha,  ha,  ha  1 

Makj.  Is  this  an  object  to  taue  mirtb  T 

Montr,  Yen,  yes. 

Mate/,  My  daughler'a  de*d. 

NiUftr,  Thou  hadst  best  follow  ber  ; 
Or  if  thou  art  tlie  tliine  tbou  art  reportMi), 
Thou  shouldiit  have  led  the  way.     Do  tear  thy  batr. 
Like  a  village  nurse*  and  mourn,  wldle  I  Uagb  stthec^ 
Be  but  a  just  i^xamtner  of  iliyiielf. 
And  in  an  equal  hnloiice  poiicthe  notbing^. 
Or  litth*  mischief  1  have  dcmi*,  compared  [tboQ 

Witb  the  pond'roua  weight  of  tin ne  ;  and  bow  eamt 
Accus«  or  argue  with  me  ]  mme  was  a  ^^pei 
And  she  being  in  a  kind  contntcted  to  ine« 
llie  fact  may  challenge  some  qualiticatiua  ; 
But  thy  intent  made  nature's  self  run  bftclcwttrdf 
And  done,  had  caused  an  earthquake* 

Enter  Soldiers  aftaniv 

1  SoM,  Captain  ♦ 

Mmtr.  Ha!  [«ttift^ 

2  fyoUl.  Our  outworka  are  surprised,  tbe  sentiad 
The  coifm  de  guard  defeated  too« 

Montr,  By  whom  ? 

1  Sotd,  The  Nudden  storm  and  darknees  of  the  niglit 
Forbids  the  knowledge ;  make  up  apeedUy. 
Or  all  is  Iwsti  [Exnttit, 

Motitf\   In     the    devil^s    name,   whence    ctimem 

this }  [IjtL 

I A  Surm  ;  with  tkundtr  anil  tightnmgm 

Matff,  Do,  do  rage  on  !  r^^nd  open,  .l^ulus. 
Thy  braxen  pns*in,  iind  let  looj^e  at  once 
Thy  stormy  issue !  Blusteniig  Boreas » 
Aided  with  all  the  scales  the  pilot  uumbem 
Upon  his  compoMSf  cannot  nu^e  a  tempest 
1  ]irough  tbe  vast  region  of  the  air,  like  that 
1  feel  Yi'ithin  me  :  for  I  am  posseiis'd 
With  whirlwinds,  and  each  guilty  thought  to  me  ta 
A  dn^adful  hurricano*.     Though  this  cetitre 


•  A   ftrttvl/vt  hiirrk»no.]    go  the  i4il  copy,  sml  riglilly  j 

wttkli  inrrt'ly  ttc-ftroye  (lie  iTielre  I      Huw   Ibry    r<  < 

iriifl  tilt'  tint',  fbi]»  (jrliitril.  1  CAiinui  coiftriv*','  Wi 

[H  hurticfinft  I   doubt  "Mbcihrr  it  nan  nmcli  iii  u 

aiPiKrr'*  liiiiv  ;  ht-  aotl  liii  conlFiiiuoraric*  *JIituhi|   iii^it|,^M> 

vtrllc  hnrricano,  \aft  ii«  fbf>  nrrirtv«  il  frum  ih«^  Purlttgi 

iisir.iuyr»  of  vuya|;i-*.  Htc. 


THK  UNNATURAL  COMBAT- 


'  «Ck  hfmf(  forth  ««rth(mKkftt,  utd  bell  opto 
li«r  wtd#^^trt««>li'(l  jtwB,  md  }H  out  ill  ber  furiet, 
Tli#T  eftvmct  tdd  vi  storn  to  The  mogntJiiD 
Of  itmr*  umI  t#rroor»  dint  «ftch  iainut«  threnten 
To  Mi  oo  mj  aociintd  bM(L^> 


mmi^%/*jti  of  tmmnds,  Uu^^  in  th$  Shadow  of  « 
L^d^,  ktrjat*  ieprom* 

Ha  \  is*t  fimcy  ? 
Or  IwCli  Wn  )i«B-d  nti.mad  mHkt«s  proof  if  I 
Dwe  «ci)d  tiM  ln>|  ?  Ym,  1  do  ;  ftiid  dow 
1  Ti^w  tb»«c  ippariDana,  1  Isel 
]  on*  did  liiKnr*b€*ubst«aeM.  F<Mrwluii«aBMjroti  ? 
▲y«  f^j«ir  iiniil  f  mna  depntw!  of  famgimge, 
AdiI  to  <lenkd  to  t«ll  ■■•,  tbat  bjr  autos 

[Thf  GAorCi  tut  ^turu, 
r^m  bid  W  Mb  beiv  of  myielf  •!  Ti»  ao  : 
A«d  tlMA  M  ioiDetbing  ber«  makei  aniw«r  for  you. 
Voa  eooa  to  kooe  my  iAar'd  up  con»ciience  ;  yes, 
"  IP  tllstmet  m»,  tint  tbo»e  thunderbolts, 
t  lMiii*d  mm  baidkiiia-  from  the  height  of  glon% 
itli«  boooon,  worldly  bippineAis,  were  furg«4 
PpoB  tb«  anri]  of  my  itopiouA  wron^i 
Am  crudty  co  you !  I  do  coafp«s  it ; 
And  tiitt  my  lust  cotnp«1lmg^  me  ro  mnke  wny 
F«r«  i»eoacl  wife,  1  pPoisonM  tUeo;  and  that 
i^TW  raoae  (which  to  llie  world  U  uiKli^cover*d) 
t  Ibived  ibee  to  tbake  off*  thy  fiUal  duty 
i«,  tby  hshmtt  bad  it«  ipritiD:  iod  source 
Fran  thy  impoCicace,  to  know  thy  mother » 
Tbat  with  all  doty  and  obedkoce  served  me, 
flTor  BOW  with  horror  I  acknowledge  it,) 
BaJWOTid  Boj natty :  yet,  thou  b«inff  my  aoti, 

a  eoffipcfteot  jud&re  marked  out  by  beaten 
reTeu^r,  wbicb  thy  fiilliij|:  by 

baud  confirm 'd. — \AfavNfrtd  ttUi  h^  iign** 

^Tia  granted  by  tbee, 

Caa  «ij  penanoe  expiate  my  guilt. 

Or  em  ivpaBlniee  aare  me  ? —  [Tht  gftott$  dimypmr. 

They  are  vuntsih'd } 

WImI's  M  10  do  tb«a  \  111  ac^ruse  my  (at«, 
T^at  dad  aoc  frabion  ma  for  aobler  ueie^  : 
For  i£  iboiA  mam  croaa  to  me  in  my  birtb, 
Hfll  BOI  4imkA  their  pnwperoua  influanco  lo  it. 
WidlMio*  «f  eonacieiio«,  like  to  iJUioe«nt  men, 
I  aigBi  b«r«  wiaatd  to  be,  aod  not  aa  now, 

T<»««BMaqr  cuM«  of  bt^ing 

[Iff  It  m*d  \ciA  afiuh  rf  UghtniHg. 

tmttr  fiau&4aDt  ui^  Sddlcra* 


Btijgt  Umm'm  a  night 


tbee: 


T«  MWM  my  aOkt  T  BufTjerkin,  now  1 
TlmtlnM  ioaared  many  foul  nig:htii,  but  ni^ver 
Ont  Wkm  lo  tbls.     lIow'fiQo  my  feather  lcH>k»  now  ! 
Jvirt  ^^  *  cipoo'a  tail  storn  out  of  the  i»«n, 
And  yd  in  tlia  atak  ;  and  yet  't  had  b<*n  dushonour 
Tohov*  dmff«d  without  it^ — Wilt  tliuu  ui^verceaae  ft 
la  tW  petard,  aa  I  gave  din*ctioQB,  bacen'd 
On  th*  portrullii  ? 

t  SM,  it  bsib  b««n  atl«mpt»d 
fly  dvtwn,  hm  in  ^rtm, 

iMr*  Thma  aro  your  nllantt, 
Thm  at  a  IbaaC  take  the  &rat  place,  poor 
Umiiif  wXkm'4  to  follow  ;  marrr,  in 


I 


i  mk  beta  4f  niw(^r]  ^ucriirwc.  polnilnj 
inMp-aMar.'l    Tklt  ihorl  ipcwtrofilic  li  mI- 


These  fooliih  buainessea  they  are  content 
l^hfit  I  shall  have  precedence :    I  much  thank 
Tlieir  manners  or  tbpir  fi?ar»     HCT:otid  roe,  aaldiers ; 
They  have  hsul  uo  time  to  undeniiinet  or  if 
They  have,  it  ia  but  blowing  «|J,  and  fi^tching 
A  caper  or  two  in  the  air  ;  ana  I  will  do  ii, 
Eatlier  ihjm  blow  my  nailn  here. 

t  Scid,  O  bnive  captain  }  [  Kitunti 

An  otarum  ;  mtUe  and  c$ie»  within.  After  ajfourith^ 
enter  BaAuroRT  senior,  Beaupobt  Junior,  Mom- 
TAicNr,  Chauont,  LAN4>ini,  IVkloakae,  nM^i  jSol* 
diera,  ttrifA  Mo>rntEVtu.£. 

Mnntr.  BncV  s  caimot  force  Tnorw  from  me  than  I  have 
Already  told  you  :    I  expect  no  favour  ; 
1  have  cast  up  my  accompt. 

Bmnf,  un.  Take  you  tna  charge 
Of  the  fort,  Belgarde  ,  your  dangers  hare  deserved  it 

Bel^.  I  thank  your  excellence  j  tliis  will  ke«p  ma 
anfe  yet 
From  beinu  pull'd  by  the  sleeve,  and  bid  remember 
The  thiripr  1  wot  of. 

Bmuf.jun.  All  tljat  have  eyes  to  weep, 
Sparp  one  tear  Willi  me.     l'heocrine*s  dead. 

Montr.  H«r  father  too  lies  breathleia  b«fe,  1  think 
StruL-k  dead  frith  thunder. 

Cham*  Tis  apparent  :  how 
His  carcasi  smells  ! 

Lan,  His  face  is  alter'd  ta 
Anotlier  colour, 

Beaufjun  But  here's  one  retains 
Her  native  innocence,  that  never  yet 
Caird  down  heaven*s  anger. 

iimuf,  wiu  'Tia  in  vain  to  mourn 
For  what^H  friijit  help.     We  will  ri-fer,  had  man. 
Your  sentence  to  the  king.     JMay  wtf  njuke  uh«  of 
Tlii«  great  example,  and  learn  from  it,  thai 
Tlif  re  cnnnol  be  a  waul  of  fnowtr  above, 
To  puniah  munler  and  unlawful  love  !       [Estunt** 

*  Thb  Pljiy  open*  mhb  cootklrnUv  Iiilrrr**  lad  vicuar; 
bat  Hie  pctueifuil  sctIod  i*  qokkly  cKtiioilcd  by  iu  own 
bri«lii»ri«.  Tht  DiitiJitanil  CutnlMt  «nfU  ratly  In  ihe  K-n>iMl 
net,  nnd  teivri  the  nradcr  al  m  Iom  wtijt  flinber  lu  ckpvel. 
T)>«  rrm<iknin|:  fi^ti,  al  leaal  frti-in  tht  br^inning  of  the  fuurih 
act  miKlil  b«f  C4llctl  the  t'nnataral  Attdi'lioirtit-  Yet  ihe  lwt» 
eahjrclfr  arc  uol  without  connrxiun  ;  iriKJ  thi»  l>  iittonled 
chic  ft  V  by  Ih^  |it(ijeclp<l  in4rri«|e  uf  young  Beitifun  tad 
Thcucrioe,  whicb  Mdrfori  urge*  at  the  coni<ei)atiice  of  hia 
vklt'ry. 

The  piece  b  ihrrrfofv  to  be  conikJertil  not  »o  roocb  la  Us 
|>tu4^  ai  in  ill  I'hiiiHCiers ;  aiul  iIu-m^  mte  drJiwn  wiili  p«ai 
force,  and  adunirible  diicrimlnHtioD.  Tbe  pity  tvXi  at  firfl 
for  otd  Makfurt,  t*  wm>it  cbaiagpd  Jiitu  hi>iTW  and  delcita> 
lion  \  while  the  dread  liif  pired  by  t]i«  vim  %%  »«tiiufwhal  rvlic^inl 
by  line  iini|>klu»  tiui  be  avenjiei  Ibc  cad^c  of  a  imirdrrrd 
mother.  Their  ffartey  it  a«  terrible  at  their  combat ;  and 
tbey  cncouuter  wiib  a  fury  of  p^Mion  and  a  deadliocM  of 
hatred  apprcNicblDg  lo  stvafc  nature. — Claodian  wjit  slmoil 
deicritte  tbem  : — 

ToreiM  i?prr,  fulmt»ipie  lea  eeiere  mperkU 
ririim*;  kk  §ela  nevitfr,  i/t*  fuba. 
On  Ihe  other  kaud^  Mootrevlllr  aiifully  ronccati  bia  enmity 
litl  be  ran  be  **  at  the  hrijEbt  rvvtur^d."  Deprived  oC  Tbc> 
ocrine  by  Malcrorl't  treachery,  he  yet  appean  bU  **  boaoca 
frU'iHt,'*  wlf*-n  lo  toe  bts  sccoiyl  in  the  comtyal,  <in  aceoaot  of 
th<  fr  trirtl  affection  **  from  hi*  InfMnry,"  aivd  teeint  evm  to 
rrcoriimi-nd  the  marriage  of  Tbrocrine  wlih  bit  rival.  To 
Theticrliic  benelf,  wbo  ran  lew  eomprcbend  hit  de«i|tti»,  be 
ihewt  Mime  glJjnptet  of  tptecn  rroni  the  becinDinc.  He  takes 
•  mallfHAPt  plcAiore  In  wiMtndkne  brr delicacy  wUh  li(hl4Bd 
vkiifii*  Inikini;;  an*lwhiii  at  lrn|£lli  ht'  hii*  {loinie^^ion  uC  ber 
|KT»uh,  nrnt  ii  prepHrhiK  the  di*honaiir  which  endi  ill  ber 
dt>ath,  h4^  t«lkt  tu  hrr  i>r  htt  vllUliioui  piii  |H»%e  wUh  acooliieit 
which  thcw#  hini  dL'teiuilurit  uit  hti  levvnge,  «{ul  Mrrore  of 
ib  accuMipliAhmviit. 

Tbeocrioc  herreU  h  admirabk  lbroagbo«l  the  piece*    Slit 


JL 


60 


THE  UNNATURAL  COMBAT. 


[Act  V. 


hat  a  tnw  virxia  modcatr,  and,  pnkaps,  OM  or  tkc  bc«  aariu 
of  modeaty,  a  Irac  virgio  fraakncn.  We  adnire  her  fearlcaa 
parity  of  thoaght,  her  filial  reverence,  and  her  ueooKkma- 
BMs  of  the  in^aity  that  approaches  her;  and  we  are  filled 
with  the  most  tender  concern  for  the  indlfnitiea  to  which 
■he  ia  expoaed,  and  tlw  fate  which  the  aaflen. 

Amonf  the  lighter  charmctert,  Montaigne,  Chamont,  and 
Lanonr  are  well  drawn.  They  are  Mmie  of  thoae  iniigniftcant 
people  who  endeavoar  to  mppoft  thenuelTes  In  society  hy  a 
ready  Mhjection  to  the  wlA  of  olherk  When  M alefort  it 
on  his  trial,  they  are  glad  to  be  hisaccoaen;  and  ilia  allowed 


that  they '«jWMh 

eager  Id  prawm  t 
be  U  In  his  UMody  hi 
•*  safest  conrse^i"  a   ' 
ne^ected  Bcigardei 
•pon  him.— Dr.  InsLAna. 


AAcr  bla  ▼tetoty,  they  are  aaM 

I  IHenda  and  ndmitvrs.  Whea 

ody  bauMMr,  they  sooth  him.  that  being  ihs 

;**  and  when  Beaafort  at  leocih  takes  ap  the 

rde,  they  are  the  trat  to  lavLh  their  OMoey 


•  This  eonsistcncy  In  their  insipid 
itself  detemine  to  whoas  theae  words 
had  not  given  theaa  to  Chanioat.oa  otiMr 


.If  t 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


DuKs  OF  MiLAW.]  Of  this  Tragedy  there  are  two  editions  in  quarto ;  the  first,  which  is  rery  correct 
'  very  rare,  bears  date  1623 ;  the  other,  of  little  ralue,  1638.  It  does  not  appear  in  the  O^ce-book 
^nser;  from  which  we  may  be  certain  that  it  was  among  the  author's  earlieist  performances. 
»lot,  as  tlie  editor  of  the  Ccmpanion  to  the  Play  Haute  observes,  is  founded  on  Guicciardini,  Lib.  viii. 
wever,  is  a  mistaken  idea,  as  if  Massinger  was  at  all  indebted  to  Guicciardini,  it  must  be  to  his 
i  xizth  books.  It  should  be  added,  however,  that  by  this  expression  nothing  more  must  be  under- 
■n  that  a  leading  circumstance  or  two  is  taken  from  the  historian.  There  was  certainly  a  struggle, 
between  the  emperor  and  the  king  of  France,  in  which  the  duke  of  Milan  sided  with  the  latter,  who 
!«ted  and  taken  prisoner  at  the  &tal  battle  of  Pavia.  The  rest,  the  poet  has  supplied,  as  suited  his 
Charles  was  not  in  Italy  when  this  victory  was  gained  by  his  generals ;  and  tne  final  restoration 
[Uanese  to  Sfona  took  puce  at  a  period  long  subsequent  to  that  event.  The  duke  is  named  Ludo- 
he  list  of  dramatis  personaB ;  and  it  is  observable  that  Massinger  has  entered  with  great  accuracy 
vigorous  and  active  character  of  that  prince  :  he,  however,  had  long  been  dead,  and  Francis  Sforza, 
agent  in  this  play,  was  little  capable  of  the  spirited  part  here  allotted  to  him.  The  Italian  writers 
k  a  weak  and  irresolute  prince,  the  sport  of  tortune.  and  the  victim  of  indecision, 
smaining  part  of  the  plot  is  from  Josephus's  History  of  the  Jewt,  lib.  xv.  ch.  4 ;  an  interesting  story, 
ss  been  told  in  many  languages,  and  more  than  once  in  our  own.  The  last  piece  on  the  subject 
elieve,  the  Mariamne  of  Fenton,  which,  though  infinitely  inferior  to  the  Duke  <f  Milan,  was,  as  I 
rd,  venr  well  received. 

teuton  tiad  read  Massinger  before  he  wrote  his  tragedy,  is  certein  from  internal  evidence ;  there  are 
ever,  many  marks  of  similarity  :  on  the  whole  the  former  is  as  cold,  uninteresting,  and  improbable, 
tter  is  ardent,  natural,  and  affecting.  Massinger  has  but  two  deaths  ;  while,  in  Fenton,  six  out  of 
eraonages  perish,  with  nearly  as  much  rapidity,  and  as  little  necessity  as  the  heroes  of  Tom  Thumb 
onhotonthologoi, 

•id,  in  the  title-page,  to  have  **  been  often  acted  by  his  Majesty's  Selrvants  at  the  Black  Friars." 
trough  i^orance  or  disingenuity,  Coxeter  and  M.  Mason  represent  it  as  frequently  performed  in 
iring,  as  m  every  other  instance,  the  time  of  publication  for  that  of  iu  appearance  on  the  stage. 


TO  THL    RIGHT   IIONOURABLS, 
AND   MUCH    EBTBZMXO   FOR    HER   HIGH    BIRTH,   BUT   MORS   ADMIRED   FOR    HER    VIRTUE, 

THE  LADY  CATHEEINE  STANHOPE, 

WIFE  TO  PHILIP  LORD  STANHOPE, 
BARON  OF  SHELFORD. 
Iadam, 

9  not  most  assured  that  works  of  this  nature  have  found  both  patronage  and  protection  amongst  the 
princesses  *  of  It^,  and  are  at  this  day  cherished  by  persons  most  eminent  in  our  kingdom.  I 
lot  presume  to  ofier  these  my  weak  and  imperfect  labours  at  the  altar  of  your  fkvour.  Let  the 
of  others,  more  knowing,  and  more  experienced  in  this  kindness  (if  my  boldness  offend)  plead  my 
md  the  rather,  since  there  is  no  other  means  left  me  ^my  misfortunes  having  cast  me  on  this  course) 
ii  to  the  world  (if  it  hold  the  least  good  opinion  ot  me)  that  I  am  ever  your  ladyship's  creature, 
fe,  therefore,  with  the  never-failing  demency  of  your  noble  disposition,  not  to  contemn  the  tender 
ity,  who,  while  he  is,  will  ever  be 

An  humble  Servant  to  your 

Ladyship,  and  yours 

PHILIP  MASSINGER. 

lonMs ]  So  th*  qsarto  1(»3.    That  of  ltf.18  eshlMtt  frtucea,  which  CoxHer,  and  co«MeqaeiiU>  M.  M smmi,  follo«r» 


6f 


rHE  DUKE  OF  MILAN 


[Acrl. 


DRAMATIS   PERSONiE. 


LuDovico  Sporza,  nippaud  duke  of  Milan. 
Francisoo,  hU  especial favouritt, 

Graccho,  a  creature  of  Mariana. 

Julio,         >      _. 

Giovanni.  \^^^»' 

Chahlcs  ths  emperor. 

Pescara,  an  imperialist,  but  a  friend  to  Sforuu 

Hernando,  \ 

Medina,      >captaf/it  to  the  emperor, 

Alpbonso,  J 

SCENE,  for  the  first  and  second  acts,  in  Miijin 
Pavia  ;  the  rest  of  tlM  play. 


Tbre«  GenUesien. 

An  Officer. 

Two  Doctors.    Two  Courien. 

Marcslia,  the  dutehess.wife  to  Siorzju 

Isabella,  mother  to  Sforsa. 

Mariana,  wife  to  Francisco,  amd  sirtsr  to  S\ 

Eugenia,  tistor  tw  Frakcisoo. 

A  Gentlewoman. 

A  Guard,  Serrants,  Fiddlers,  Attendance 


;  during  part  of  the  third,  in  the  Impbuai.  Camp  i 
in  Milan,  and  its  neighbourhood. 


ACT  I. 


SCENE  Ir— Milan.    An  outer  Room  in  the  Castle*, 

Enter  GRACCUOy  Julio,  and  Giovanni  t>  with 
FlaggoM. 

Grac,  Take  erenr  man  bis  flsggfon :  give  the  oath 
To  all  you  meet ;  I  am  this  day  the  state-druukard, 
I'm  sure  against  my  will ;  and  if  you  find 
A  man  at  ten  that's  sober,  he's  a  traitor, 
And,  in  my  name,  arrest  him. 

Jtd,  Very  good,  sir : 
But,  say  he  Im  a  sexton  ? 

Grac.  If  the  bells 
Ring  out  of  tunet,  as  if  the  street  were  burning. 
And  he  cry,  Tu  rare  music  ;  bid  him  sleep  : 
'Tig  a  sign  he  has  ta'en  his  liquor  \  and  if  you  meet 
An  officer  preaching  of  sobriety. 
Unless  he  read  it  in  Geneva  print  $, 
Lay  him  by  the  heels. 


•  Milan.  An  outer  Room  in  the  CaatU]  Tbe  old  copies 
have  no  di«tiactioci  of  scenery ;  indeed,  tbry  ciKild  have  none 
with  their  miserable  platform  and  raised  gullery,  trat  what 
was  famished  by  a  board  with  Milan  or  Rkodee  painted  npon 
iL  1  have  ventured  to  sapply  it,  in  conformity  to  the  mocH'ni 
mode  of  printing  Shakspeare,  and  to  consult  the  ease  of  the 
general  reader.  I  know  not  what  pricked  forvrard  Coxeter, 
but  he  thought  proper  (for  the  first  time)  to  be  prerise  in  this 
Play,  and  specify  the  place  of  action.  I  can  neither  com- 
pliment him  upon  his  Judgment,  nor  Mr.  M.  Mason  npon  his 
goodsrnse  in  following  him:  the  description  here  is, ''A'ceiMr, 
a  publie  Palace  in  Pisa,"  Flsa  I  a  place  which  is  not  once 
mentioned,  nor  even  hinted  at,  in  tbe  whole  play. 

f  Julio,  and  GiorANNi,]  These  are  nut  fonud  among  the 
old  dramatis  personae,  nor  arc  they  of  much  Importance.  In 
a  sabseanent  sceae,  where  they  make  their  appearance  a*  laT 
and  StMi  Gentlemen,  I  have  taken  the  liberty  to  name  them 
again.  Joo^,  which  stood  in  this  scene,  appears  to  bs  a 
misprint  for  JuHo. 
fCrac  ff  the  belie 

Ring  oot  of  tanc,  Ac.]  L  e.  backward  :  the  nsaal  signal  et 
alarm,  on  the  breaking  out  of  fires.    So  in  f  Ae  Captain : 

"  certainly,  my  body 

Is  all  a  wiklflre.  for  my  head  rings  tedkMoni." 
Again  :  in  the  City  Match  : 

••  Then,  sir,  In  time 

Yon  may  be  remember'd  at  the  quenching  of 
Ptrcd  booses,  when  the  bells  Wf^  backward,  by 
Your  name  npon  the  buckets." 
i  Unleee  ho  mad  it  in  Geneva  primt,]     Allading  to  the 
spirituooa  Uqnor  so  called.    M.  Mason. 


JuL  But  think  you  'tis  a  ftult 
To  be  foimd  sober  ? 

Gf«c.  It  is  capital  treason  ; 
Or,  if  you  mitigate  it,  let  audi  pay 
Forty  crowns  to  the  poor :  but  girec 
To  all  the  magistrates  yov  find  aingiiij 
Or  their  wives  dancing ;  for  the  oowrOfi*  TOStinr. 
And  tbe  duke  himarif,  I  dare  not  s^  diaOmipsi^  * 
But  kind,  and  in  his  tottering  ehsir  oi 
They  do  the  cotmtry  service.    If  yum 
One  that  eau  bread,  a  child  of  ignomieew 
And  bred  up  in  darkness  of  no  driakiag^ 
Against  his  will  you  may  initiate  him 
In  the  true  posture  ;  though  he  die  in  the  tskiBg 
His  drench,  it  skills  notf:  what's  a  priTftte  man. 
For  the  public  honour  ?     We'^e  uoug^t  elaa  to  think 
And  so,  dear  friends,  copartners  in  my  trsTaila,  [on. 
Drink  hard ;  and  let  the  health  run  thzou^  tlis  city. 
Until  it  reel  again,  and  with  me  cry. 
Long  lire  the  dutchess  I 

Enter  Txbekio  and  Stspbako. 

JuL  Here  are  two  kxds  ;—> what  thmk  yoa  t 
Shall  we  give  the  oath  to  them  ? 

Grac.  Fie!  no:  I- know  them. 
Yon  need  not  swear  them ;  your  lord,  by  his  r— tfit. 
Stands  bound  to  take  his  rouset.    Long  Urm  the 
dutchess  !  [Exeunt  GmcJuL  mmd  Gio 


• •/  dare  not  euif  distcmper'd,)  L^e  Inuihauj :  • 

the  word  Is  fireqneutly  used  by  ear  old  wrilen.  Tkai  f&kkfev 
"  CW.  m;  kml,  li*k  gone,  ^^ 

**  Led.  Howl 
'*  Oemr.  Distempered, 
"  Lod.  Not  with  wins  V     The  GmtMl 
It  ocenn  also  in  Hamiet. 

t tkemgh  kedie  in  the  UMmg 

His  <ireiic*.  it  sfciUs.aot:  te.}  It 
So  ip  rV  Gamntrr  : 

**  iVk|iA.  1  desire  no  man's  privilege:  iCtMlbiaefwhctkcr 
I  be  kin  to  any  m  in  living." 

J yoMT  lord,  bp  hiepatent. 

Stands  bound  to  take  his  rouse.]   This  word  has  never  bren 

groperly  explaine<l.  It  occurs  in  Hamlet,  wheie  It  b  saM  by 
leevens,  as  well  as  Johnson,  to  mean  a  qnantiiy  uT  U'lnor 
ratlier  too  larite :  the  latter  di* rives  It  fhrnn  nMeA,liiIf drank. 
Germ,  wlilie  he  brings  corouMfkuus^araiMifnllontf  ibn.m 


.11 


■| 


Staph,  The  cause  of  this  ?  but  yesterdfty  the  court 
Wore  the  sad  lirery  of  distrust  aod  fear  ; 
No  smilfl.  not  in  a  buflboa  to  b«  aeen. 
Or  common  j«ster :  the  Great  Duke  himself 
Had  sorrow  ia  hk  fiu»-,  which,  waiteiJ  on 
By  bis  mother,  suter,  and  his  fairest  dutcUi>as, 
Dispersed  usiWot  moitrning:  tbrouj^h  fdl  Milan  -, 
As  if  aonie  ^nm.  blow  had  boea  giTen  the  itate, 
Or  were  at  least  expected. 

Ti/f,  Slephano, 
I  know  as  you  are  noble,  yoa  are  honest. 
And  ntpabl«  of  secreti  of  more  weight 
Than  now  I  shall  deliver.     If  that  Sforui. 
The  present  duke»  (though  bis  whole  hfe  bath  been 
Bat  one  ooncinoed  pilgrimnge  through  dsngier^i. 
Affrights,  and  horrors,  which  bis  fortunfi  piided 
By  h»»  strong  jadjrment,  still  hath  overconn*,) 
Ap(i««ir«  DOW  fthakeo,  it  deserves  no  wondir : 
All  that  hi*  ynutli  bath  laboured  for,  tlie  harvest 
Sown  by  his  industry  rmidy  to  be  re^pM  too, 
Be«ng  now  at  stake  j  and  all  his  hopes  confirmed. 
Or  lo«t  for  eri?r, 

Suph.  I  know  no  such  haaard  : 
Hie  guards  are  strong  and  sure,  hi«$  coffers  full ; 
TUe  people  well  aflected  ;  and  so  wisely 
His   proT^ident  care  hath  wrought,  that   though  wv^r 

lag^a 
Id  moat  parts  of  our  western  world|  there  is 
Ko  ecMoay  near  us. 

Tifr.  £]huig«n,  thai  we  see 
To  threaten  ruin,  are  with  eoee  presented  ; 
Bat  those  strike  deadly,  that  cotne  tmexpected : 
The  lightning  is  far  off,  yet,  soon  84  seen. 
We  maj  behold  the  terrible  effr-cta 
That  it  prodoceth.    But  TU  help  your  knowledge, 


,  bownrrr.  Uitt  vye  tnd  «i^j^,  9n>  but  the  rrcrf. 
pFOCJMom  9t  die  nnM  action,  mnd  miiH  .\M 

ftoai  the  Mmc  tuarc^.    A  route  Wat  i  .«t 

a  pioC*  »  Td;^o  9jyv?  In  whkli  n  licihii  ik- 

ftaf  of  t  nf  the  a^mpanv  Imhh..  1  a  t'lroutt', 

M-MTTi  ifi^y  angry  wlib  ibw  iiiiwninrof  tlijp 

rmMt*"  r,  wilh  aMud^ble  led  fur  the  honour 

oi  Im  jttriliutet  fo  an  Enifli»hniii(i,  w]m>,  it  iv«(ni 

•'  bs  Lit  out  wUb  a  pottlrwji"  forliii  ingenuity^ 

"  I«  t  «iy»  he.  •*lh«y  baa  no  cone*!!  whereby 

|»  draw  on  0r'i(ikeQe<^w/'(6amabj  waa  qo  grcai  lifiioriait,) 
••  UmIt  best  wrts.  I  (Iriokc  lo  yoa,  and  1  pkd|p  you,  till  it 
IcVClb  MMMc  tli4ll4iwwit1et|  drunkard  Toatk)  oiil  the  rarov^et 
«a  unrralfoii  or  that  worth  nnA  wonblneiac  «» it  ia  pitiv  the 
ttr>i  fuaader  '*mi  not  hMi^^tfl,  that  we  Bd^bt  Imve  fniiMl  o^it 
his  oaine  ia  fhe  anikat  recoixl  of  Ua«  hiJiginiin'<«  rd^i'iir" 
BitftUh  Bm  tmd  Cry,  1017,  \>.  jM.     It  I»  w  .hi, 

llkat   iher*  ctuild  br  no  rocur  m  cnrmtae^  i .  * 

*er«  i»m(»fM  r   "The   leader,"  Cf^n  tin  a««   K  .        ly^ 

*•  •■*"[  '         i     iriroea  the  bottom  of  tl*-'   shjijw  up. 

warrJ  ol  hji  dcxUrritie,  gWe»  it  a  ph>li[}. 

'         !■  pr*jNr<»»  iji  r«n<r  ,  i>ij(h  thi'w  wotflt  vrrrc  nwd  In  st  ln»cr 
•eaM:  bal  I  briieve  Ihal  wival  i*  here  ^dvnticcd,  will  M-rve 
to  cmphiltt  nunv  paia«aE«a  ur  »t)r  old  drainaii«tj,  In  which 
diej  occur  lu  thetr  primal  au4l  ap{irijpriatc  Bigiilllcatioa : 
"  >W,  I've  la'er*.  tine*  tuvii^r, 
A  Tsmar  or  ruwr  iu<<  much^  aiid  bv  the  god* 
It  wartT»«  my  blw>d/*  A'i«|^ilr  cf  MaUo- 

This  proves  th«t  JobuaoD  and  Stceveiia  arc  utrroag  :  a  rautt 
ias  ll^  a  fixed  and  drtefmloatc  aenie.    In  the  Lxngtiage  of 
Ifte  pretcut  djiy  }t  woald  be,  a  hamiyet  or  twe  too  much 
A^ain  : 
**  Ihtke.  Ccirne^  bring  K>me  wioc.    Hcre'i  to  my  tj»ier, 

fenflemen, 
A  kfoftk,  and  nitnh  to  all  r 
••  ArcAma,  Pray /// i//ii//.  «ir/ 
Tia  a  blfh  k^trttk  lu  viftn*.     Here,  lonl  Barrfor 
A  maiden  health  I — 
*  IhtJkf,  Go  i©»  m*  moTt'  of  ihU. 
'•  4rt;AaaL  Take  ih*  ro«i«e  freely,  tlr. 
Twill  warm  yuor  bluud,  ajiit  make  yon  nt  ror  jotUiy." 
Th9  L^yal  XtOyect 


And  make  his  cause  of  fenr  rnniiliar  to  5'ou* 
The  wars  w  louj^  continued  Iwtweeu 
The  emperor  Charles,  and  Francw  the  French  kiitg^, 
Have  intereas'df  in  either  s  cause,  the  modt 
Of  the  Italian  princes  •  ;  amon«r  which.  8forM, 
A»  one  of  greatest  power,  was  soujflir  by  both  ; 
But  with  EMiunince.  hariog  ooe  his  irieadf 
The  other  IiyikI  hia  vumj* 

Steph.  Tis  &ue : 
And  ^twas  a  doubtful  choice. 

Tib.  But  be,  well  knowing. 
And  hatifif  too,  it  seems,  the  Spunish  pride. 
Lent  bia  assiataoce  Ui  the  Kin^  af  France : 
Which  hath  so  for  incensed  the  emjieror. 
That  all  bis  hopes  and  honours  ore  embtuk'd 
With  his  fjfTFat  |wrron*!i  fortune. 

Suph,   Which  ttands  fair, 
For  aught  I  yet  can  hear. 

Tib.  But  should  it  change. 
The  duke'a  undone.     Tliev  have  drawn  to  the  field 
Two  ro)Td  armies,  full  of  fiery  youth  ; 
Of  equal  spirit  to  dare,  and  power  to  do : 
Bo  near  intrencb'd  t*  that  'tis  beyond  all  hope 
Of  human  counsel  thaj  can  e'er  be  serered, 
ITntil  it  be  determined  by  the  awonl, 
Who  hath  the  better  csus>a:  for  the  surcpss 
Coocliides  the  victor  innocent,  ami  thw  raa(|ui.<ih'd 
Moat  miserubly  fruilty.     How  uticertiiin 
The  fortune  of  the  war  ia^  children  know  ; 
And,  it  WuifT  in  stij^pense,  on  who^ie  fair  tent 
Wing'd  Victory  will  mnke  her  glorious  aland. 
You  cannot  blame  the  duke,  though  he  appear 
Perplexed  and  troubled. 

Ste}}h,  But  why,  th^n. 
In  such  a  time,  when  emry  knra  ihoold  bflcid 
For  the  succeiis  und  safety  of  his  ptsrESon, 
Are  these  loud  triumphs  f  in  my  weak  opinion^ 
TIjev  are  unseasonable. 

Tib*  I  judge  BO  too  ; 
But  only  in  the  cause  to  be  excused. 
It  i§  the  durchfss"  birUiday,  once  ii  year 
Solemnized  with  all  fMjmp  and  ceremony  ; 
In  which  the  duke  is  not  his  own,  hut  hers : 
Nay,  every  day,  indeed,  be  is  her  crealura. 
For  never  muii  so  doated ; — but  to  tell 
The  tenlh  part  of  hir*  fondnesa  to  a  BlraagATf 
Would  argue  me  of  fiction, 

Sieph.  She's,  indeed, 
A  lady  of  most  exquisite  form, 

Tib.  She  knows  it, 
And  how  to  pri:&e  it. 


*  Nave  interetaM  rn  tdther'i  eautf  the  tnttwl 
Of  the  Italim  pHnisn ;  &<:,]    Ho  tbe  ol.|  cwplet.    The 
TRixlcrn  ledliuri,  much  i«  Ibe  advaniageuf  ilw  rb^'thia,  read  . 

"  Nave  iiitervtted  fe  eitktr'*  CMt»r,  the  moaf,  fltc," 
Probably  they  w«r«  tgooratitof  the  eaiatence  uf  »uch  aw«Hil 
at  ii^r^Teaf,  which  occurJi,  bowe^er,  pretty  freqaeiiily  (n  oar 
old  wriijera.    Jabnjoa  coii»ic|«>rB  it  aa  syuouyinoas  will*  inter- 
eaf,.  but  In  lomt'  of  the  exitrnplea  wbkh  be   giWt  and   in 
many  otbert  which  I  ewild  produce'.  It  •eeran  lo  roovry  mi  Idea 
of  a  more  Itttimalr  connexioo  than  U  ujually  uiwleritoixl  by 
that  term;  somewhat,  for  iuMance,  like  irn^nlicate,  imvolve, 
inwpave,  Ac.  an  which  case,  H  imist  be  dcrivwl  from  intrrccfo, 
ihrvnG;h  the  medtam  of  the  French.   (Ascmer^aiuplpfor  di, 
I  may  refer  tbe  reailer  to  BciiJoD*un'tSejanii»,K  Act  lUic^U 
"  7Tft.   By  the  Ctpitoll 
Aiwl  aO  our  GorJt.  but  that  the  <leare  Rcptiblfek 
Our  Mcre^^l  lawift,  and  JaMaothoritk 
Arc  intereMted  therein,  I  ibould  be  •UcdL"— En.) 
f  So  war  iatnswh^d,  &e.]    The  French  army  was  attbit 
fim*?  tngased  ia  the  fits©  of  Pavla.umter  the  w«li»  of  whli^h 
the  ikcUlvc  baltk  waa  roufhtpOd  ili«  1l4lbftr  PebmMiy.  13^    , 


64 


TIfK  DUKE  OF  MILAN, 


[Ant 


Suph,  I  nf'Vr  lieurd  her  tntoted 
In  any  point  of  bouour. 

TiA  Oq  my  lift*. 
Fbt-'s  constant  to  bb  bed.und  well  detmnroi 
His  lari^est  favoura.     UnU  ^hen  beauty  is 
Starnf/d  on  p^»t  woTnpn,  parent  in  birth  mid  fortutip, 
And  blown  by  flsUliTpr^  ^rvatpr  tb«ii  it  i», 
*Tis  seldom  unnccomponied  with  pride ; 
Nor  i»  abe  that  way  free  :  preauming  on 
Th«  duke's  affetstion.  and  ber  own  deitert. 
She  bean  herself  with  such  a  tniijpaty. 
Lotjkinij  with  *com  on  all  nt  thinps  beneath  her, 
Tlj»t  Sforza's  mother,  that  would  loiie  no  jmrt 
Of  what  waa  onee  her  own,  nor  liis*  fair  aisler 
A  liidv  too  acquainted  widi  her  worth. 
Will  Wook  it  well  ;  and  howsoe'er  thmr  h«t# 
U  ftmnthMr'd  for  a  time,  'lia  more  thao  iear'd 
It  will  at  leni^tb  break  out, 

SUfph.  He  in  whose  power  it  is, 
Tarn  til  to  the  best ! 

TiA»  Come,  let  us  to  the  court  ; 
We  there  slinll  ftee  all  bravery  and  cost, 
That  art  can  boast  of. 

Siepli,  111  be«r  you  company,  [  EsfunU 


SCENE  Ih^Amther    P«m  in    the  mme. 
Enter   Fkancisco,  IsAnrtXA,  riaiit  Mariana. 
Mmi.  \  will  not  ^  ;  I  seom  to  be  n  spot 
In  Jier  proud  train. 

/jutA.  Shalll,  !hut  »m  liis  mofher, 
B«  so  indulgent,  as  to  wait  on  her 
Th»l  owes  me  duty  T 

Fran.  Tis  done  to  the  duke. 
And  n  ;t  to  her  :  and.  my  sweet  wife,  remember, 
And,  madam,  if  you  please,  receive  my  counwl, 
As  Sforza  is  your  eon,  you  may  command  bim  ; 
And,  as  a  sister,  you  may  challenj^e  fiom  him 
A  brother's  love  ami  favour:  hut,  thi^^frrtintid, 
Consider  he's  tJie  prince,  and  you  J*is  HubjectSt 
And  not  to  question  or  con  lend  with  |jer 
W*hom  he  is  pleaded  to  honotir.     Private  men 
Prefer  tbeir  wives  ;  and  shall  he.  hein}<  a  prince, 
And  blest  with  one  that  is  the  paradise 
Of  sweetness,  and  of  beauty,  to  whuwe  charge 
Tb©  stock  of  women's  g^oodnesa  is  (j^iven  up, 
Kot  use  ber  lik«j  herself? 

Jmb,  \'ou  are  ever  forward 
To  sin^  her  pmises» 

MttrL  UiIk'ta  lire  aa  foir  \ 
I  am  aure,  a^  noble. 

Fran*  I  detnict  from  none, 
lit  giving  her  what's  due.     Were  she  deform 'd, 
Yet  boine  tbe  dutcbesji,  1  stand  bound  to  serve  her ; 
Bat,  tt  she  is,  to  ndmire  ben     Never  wife 
Met  w  ith  a  purer  heal  her  hnsband^s  fen'otir  j 
A  happy  pair,  one  in  the  otbeT  blest  ! 
8h«  CQnfuk»ut  in  herself  he's  whollv  ber's. 
And  cannot  seek  for  change  ,  and  he  lecur© 
That  'tis  not  iii  the  jkiw  er  of  man  to  tempt  her* 
And  therefore  to  contest  with  her.  that  is 
The  stronger  and  tlie  better  part  of  him, 
la  more  thnn  folly  :  vou  know  him  of  a  nature 
Not  to  he  play'd  witfi  \  and,  shauld  you  forget 
To  obey  him  as  your  prmce,  he'Jt  not  remerober 
The  duty  that  he  owes  you. 

1Mb.  1  w  but  truth  : 
Cune,  clear  our  brows,  stid  let  U6  to  Uie  banquet ; 
Hyt  not  to  serve  his  idol. 


Mtt'i.  I  shall  do 
What  may  became  the  sister  of  a  pnoce  ; 
But  will  not  stoop  beueath  it> 

Fran.  Vet,  be  wise  ; 
Sotir  not  too  high  to  ^  ;  but  stoop  to  risi 


[EieuiL 


SCENE  in^—A  Stai0  F«em  tn  lh«  saawu 
Kntrr  ihrw  Gentlemen,  tettinii;  fmih  a  hm^mL 

1  Gent.    Quick,  quick,   for    love's  sake  (    let  the 
court  put  on 
Her  choicest  outJiide  :  c«sl  ind  br»veiy 
Be  only  thought  of, 

«  Genu  All  that  may  be  hsrf 
To  please  the  eye,  tbe  ear,  tnste^  touch,  or  Hnull, 
Are  carefulJy  provided. 

3  Gfnt.  Tbere*s  a  mask  ; 
Have  you  heard  what's  tlie  invention  T 

1  Cent*  No  matter  '. 
It  IS  intended  for  the  dut chess'  honour  ; 
And  if  it  g^ve  her  g^lorious  atlributejt. 
As  the  most  fair,  most  virtuous,  and  the  rest, 
'Twill  please  the  duke.     They  come, 

3  Getd,  All  »»  in  order. 

Enter    TiBEaio.    Stepuavo,     Fravct4CO,     Swaft. 
M>iiiC£i.iA,  Isabella,  Waria^a,  and  Attttt4*vi*, 
Sf«r,  Vou  ore  the  mistress  of  the  fe«st — sit  lie<% 
O  my  soul'fl  comfort  !  and  when  Sforxn  bows 
Tlius  luw  to  do  you  honour,  let  none  think 
The  mesineNt  *ervtc^  ihev  can  pnv  my  love. 
But  as  a  fair  addition  fo  those  titles 
They  stand  possest  of.     Let  me  glory  in 
My  happiness,  and  mighty  kina:*  look  pale 
With  envy,  while  1  triumph  in  mine  owa, 

0  mother,  look  on  her  \  sifter,  adinin?  her  ! 
And,  since  this  preeeot  age  yields  not  a  woman 
W  orthy  to  be  her  second,  borrow  of 

Times  past,  and  let  imagination  help. 
Of  rho»e  caiKmised  ladies)  Spnrtn  boiisrd  of. 
And,  in  her  greatness.  Rome  wo*  proud  to  on*e. 
To  faiihion  one;  yet  still  you  must  con 'ess, 

1  he  phunijE  of  jierfection  ne'er  wia  seta. 
But  in  my  fair  Marcelia. 

Fmii.  .she's,  indted, 
Tlie  wondiT  of  all  limes. 

Tih,  Vour  excellence, 
Though  I  confer*,  you  give  her  but  her  owiij 
Fnroes*  her  modesty  to  the  ilefence 
Ofasweetblueh. 

Sfar.  It  need  not,  my  Marceli*  ; 
When  most  I  strive  to  praise  thee,  I  appear 
A  poor  detractor  :  for  thou  art,  indeed. 
So  absolute  t  in  body  and  in  mind. 
Thut,  but  to  spwak  the  least  part  To  the  bc<iglit. 
Would  ask  an  angcfs  tongue,  and  yet  tb**ii  «ii4 
In  silent  »dmirniion  ! 

/*uA,   Vou  »ttll  court  her. 
As  if  she  were  a  mistress,  not  your  wif^e. 

Sfafr,  A  mistress,  mother  !  She  is  more  to  mtp 
And  every  day  deser?cs  more  to  be  tuvt\  to. 


*  Fttrcei  htr  mr^ntii]  So  the  c^ltiboo  lOH^  v>  Ui*  b  Cu%«iif 
doe«  not  appear  M  tuve  ofien  rdtiaoJttcL  Ilr  rrtdt,  tn^r  ifevt 
ni  less,  rt(foren,  tboHel>  it  iti-itruy*  ibc  nitrlnr.  Mr.  M- 
MaMin,  of  ciMirM-,  fuIKma  hkm, 

t  .V<7  ab^obre  in  hoflf  and  in  mtind^]  F^r  tht»  tpMu^ 
re^Kliae.  which  if  ihaC  iff  thv  t»nt  tNllflMn,  (W  M^ctiiMl  b««,  JXg 
pertrct   ltf>ili  rn   hodp  and  in  mmd,  sntl   ili«i»  ll  «l«»ll»  li 


P 


dtsNt  IlL] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


6b 


Such  as  are  eloy'd  widi  thoae  tbej  bare  ambneed, 

May  think  their  wooiiig  done  :  no  nifffat  to  mm 

But  is  a  bridal  one,  wlme  Hymen  lights 

His  torches  fresh  and  new ;  and  thoae  delights. 

Which  are  not  to  be  clothed  in  airy  sounds, 

Enjoy'd,  beset  desirea  as  full  of  heat 

And  jorial  ^Bnrour,  as  when  first  I  tasted 

Her  riririn  fruit. — Blest  night !  and  be  it  nnmber*d 

Amonjrat  those  happy  ones,  in  which  a  blessing 

Was,  by  the  full  consent  of  all  the  stars, 

Conlerr*d  upon  mankind. 

Mare,  My  worthieat  lord ! 
The  only  object  I  bdiold  with  pleasure, — 
My  pride,  my  glory,  in  a  word,  my  all ! 
Bear  witness,  heaven,  that  I  esteem  myself 
In  nothing  worthy  of  the  meanest  praise 
Yoo  can  bestow,,  unleaa  it  be  in  this, 
That  in  my  heart  I  lore  and  honour  you. 
And,  but  that  it  would  smell  of  arrogance. 
To  speak  my  strong  desire  and  seal  to  serve  you, 
1  then  could  say,  these  eyes  yet  never  saw 
The  rising  sun,  but  that  my  vows  and  prayers 
Were  sent  to  heaven  for  the  prosperity 
And  safety  of  my  lord  :  nor  nave  I  ever 
Had  other  study,  hut  how  to  i^pear 
Worthy  jour  favour  ;  and  that  my  embracea 
Might  yield  a  fruitful  harvest  of  content 
For  all  your  noble  travail,  in  the  purchase 
Of  her  that's  still  your  servant ;  by  theae  lips. 
Which,  pardon  me,  that  I  presume  to  kiss 

S/er.  O  swear,  for  erer  swear  * ! 

Mare.  I  ne'er  will  seek 
Delight  hut  in  your  pleasure  ;  and  desire. 
When  you  are  sated  with  all  earthly  glories. 
And  age  and  honours  make  you  fit  for  heaven, 
Thmt  onegrave  may  receive  us. 

&f'er.  nris  believed, 
Be&ved,  my  blest  one. 

Mori.  How  she  winds  hemlf 
Into  his  Moul ! 

Sfor.  Sit  an^^Let  others  feed 

00  shore  gross  eatea,  while  Sforta  banquets  with 
Immortal  viands  ta'en  in  at  his  eyes. 

1  could  live  ever  thus.    Command  the  eunuch 
To  aing  the  ditty  that  I  hst  composed, 

Enltr  a  Courier. 

In  praise  of  my  Maroelia. From  whenee  ? 

Cew.  From  Pavia,  my  dread  lord. 

St'or,  Speak,  is  aU  lost  ? 

Cmtr,   iDdwen  a  irtfsr.]  The  letter  will  inform 
you.  [Exit, 

From.  How  his  hand  shakes, 
Aa  he  receives  it ! 

Mmri,  This  is  some  allay 
To  his  hot  passion. 

5/sr.  Though  it  bring  death.  111  read  it  • 

Majr  it  pUoM  jfour  txeeUmet  to  undentand,  that  the 
wry  ktmr  I  wrote  Ais,  I  heard  a  bold  defiance  delivered 
by  m  herald  from  the  eameror,  whidi  wai  cheerfully 
received  by  the  Kimg  ef  France.  The  battailei  being 
ready  to  join,  and  Ae  fxmguard  committed  to  my  charge, 
emferea  me  to  end  abmptfy. 

Your  highneu*t  humble  tervant^ 

Gaspcro. 


•  SftM-.  O  fwear,  Jhr  eeer  ewear/]    TUi  ii  the  lection  of 
the  tnt  qaarto ;  !ke  tecood 
MMBT/aadU" 


ood  poorly  re««i»,  O  tweet,  for  t 
by  Coseler  and  M.  Msmo. 


Ready  to  join  f^hy  this,  then,  I  am  notliiog. 
Or  my  estate  secure. 

Mare.  My  lord. 

Sfor.  To  doubt. 
Is  worse  than  to  have  lost ;  and  to  despair, 
Is  but  to  antedate  those  miseries 
That  must  fall  on  us  ;  all  my  hopes  depending 
Upon  this  battle's  fortune.     In  my  soul, 
Methinks,  there  should  be  that  imperious  power, 
By  supernatural,  not  usual  means, 
T  inform  me  what  I  am>     The  cause  considered, 
Why  should  I  fear  ?  The  French  are  bold  and  Htrong, 
Their  numbers  full,  and  in  their  councils  wise  ; 
But  then,  the  haughty  Spaniard  is  all  fire, 
Hot  in  bis  executions  ;  fortunate 
In  his  attempts ;  married  to  victory  : — 
Ay,  there  it  is  that  shakes  me. 

Fran.  Excellent  lady 
This  day  was  dedicatee  to  your  honour ; 
One  gale  of  your  sweet  breath  will  easily  [none 

Disperse  these  clouds ;   and,  but  your»elf,  there's 
That  dare  speak  to  him. 

Mare.  I  w^ill  run  the  haxard. 
My  lord  ! 

Sfor.  Ha  ! — pardon  me,  MsTcelia,  I  am  troubled  ; 
And  stand  uncertain,  whether  I  am  master 
Of  aught  that's  worth  the  owning. 

Mare.  I  am  yours,  sir ; 
And  I  hsve  heard  you  swear,  I  being  safe. 
There  was  no  loss  could  move  you.     I'his  dsy,  sir. 
Is  by  your  eift  made  mine.     Can  you  revoke 
A  grrant  made  to  Marcelia  ?  your  Marcelia  ? — 
For  whose  love,  nay,  whose  honour,  gentle  sir» 
All  deep  designs,  and  state-afiairs  deferr'd, 
Be,  as  you  purposed,  merry. 

Sfor,  Out  of  my  sight !        [Throws  away  the  letter. 
And  all  thoughts  that  may  strangle  mirth  forsake  me. 
Fall  what  can  fall,  I  dare  the  worst  of  fate  : 
Thpugh  the  foundation  of  the  earth  should  shrink. 
The  glorious  eye  of  heaven  lose  his  splendour, 
Supported  thus,  I'll  stand  upon  the  ruins, 
And  seek  for  new  life  here.     Why  are  you  sad  ^ 
No  other  sports  !  by  heaven,  he's  not  my  friend, 
Ihat  wears  one  furrow  in  his  face.     I  was  told 
There  was  a  mask. 

Fran.   They  wait  your  highness'  pleasure. 
And  when  you  please  to  have  it. 

Sfor.  Bid  them  enter  : 
Coroe,  make  me  happy  once  a^in.     I  am  rapt — 
Tis  not  to  day,  to  morrow,  or  the  next. 
But  all  my  days,  and  years  shall  be  employed 
To  do  thee  honor. 

Marc,  And  my  life  to  serve  you. 

[A  ham  tounded. 

Sfor.  Another  post !  Go  hang  bun,  hang  him,  I 
say: 
I  will  not  interrupt  my  present  pleasures. 
Although  his  message  should  import  my  head  : 
Hang  him,  I  say. 

Mare,  Nay,  good  sir,  I  am  pleased 
To  grant  a  little  intermission  to  you ; 
Who  knows  but  he  brings  news  we  wish  to  hear. 
To  heighten  our  delights. 

Sfor.  As  wise  as  fair  ! 

Enter  another  Courier. 
From  Gaspero? 

Cour.  That  was,  my  lord. 

Sfor.  How  !  dead  ? 

Cour.  [Deliveri  a  letter.]   With  the  delivery  of 
this,  and  prayers. 


66 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


[AcT^I 


Tti  f^ard  your  excellency  from  certaio  dangers, 

Me  ct^aed  to  bv  nmnn.  [Ejtii. 

Sfar,  All  that  my  fcArs 
Gould  fashion  to  me»  or  my  e!i*>mi(*s  wi*h, 
Is  fnllen  upon  m^.    Silence  ihut  hurtli  muaic ; 
'Ti«  DOW  unsemooable :  a  tolling^  betl. 
As  a  and  hcirbinger  to  tell  me,  ihat 
Thi<i  pamper'd  lump  of  fle^h  must  feaat  the  woiro^ir 
Is  finer  for  me  , — 1  am  tick. 

M,irc,  My  lord  ! 

Sjor,  Sick  to  thedoatli^,  ^Inrct^Ua*     Reraove 
lliese   aig*ii«  of   mirtli ;    liiey   wore   oiuiuoud^  oud 

bat  usher'd 
Sorrow  aiid  rula» 

Mnrc.  Blesa  ua,  best  von  ! 

I  Mb,  My  son. 

Marc.  \Vhat  sudden  change  is  thia? 

Sfor.  All  leave  the  room  ; 
ril  bear  alone  tbe  burden  of  my  grief, 
And  must  admit  no  partner.     1  dm  yet 
Vour  prince,  where'a  your  obedience?  Slay, 

Marcelia  ; 
I  cannot  bw  so  greedy  of  a  sorrow, 
In  wbicb  jou  must  not  sliure. 

JEarvfint  TihfTWfStephantt,  FntnctMco,  Imbelta  f  Mariana , 
and  Attentittnts^ 

Mure.  And  cheerfully 
I  will  auHtnin  my  part,     Wby  look  you  pele? 
Where  is  tbot  wontwl  constancy,  and  coum^. 
That  diired  tlie  w  orst  of  fortune  ?  where  is  Sfona, 
To  nbom  all  dimjE^ers,  that  fngbt  common  men, 
Appear*d  but  ponie  terrors  t  why  do  you  eye  me 
With  such  fix'd  looks]  love» counaef,  duty,  aervite^ 
May  flow  from  me,  not  danger* 

*%f}\  0,  Murcelia  • 
It  is  for  thee  I  fear ;  for  thee.  tJiy  Sforxa 
Sbiikea  like  a  coward  ^  for  myself,  umuoved 
1  coulfl  have  beard  my  iroopis  werw  cut  in  pieces, 
JIv  funeral  alain,  and^  be^  oti  whom  my  Ijopes 
Of  rule^  of  atnie,  of  life,  bad  thfir  deiM-ndente, 
The  King  of  France,  my  g^refttedt  friend,  made  pri- 
soner 
To  so  proud  enemies  f- 

Mfire.  Tlien  you  have  just  cause 
To  show  you  are  a  man. 

Sfitr.  All  this  were  nothing:, 
Thouijh  1  add  to  it,  lliat  I  am  assured. 
For  [giving'  aid  to  this  uufortunute  king, 
The  emperor,  iiicens'd,  bya  hi4  commund 
On  hia  Tictoriona  army,  rfesh'd  with  apnil, 
And  bold  of  conquest,  to  march  up  aj^ninst  me, 
And  seise  on  my  e.^tates ;  MUppoae  thiit  done  too, 
The  city  ta'en,  the  kennela  running  blooil, 
The  ran!^ack*d  temples  falling  on  dieir  Huints  ; 
My  mother,  in  my  Higbt,  toss'd  on  their  pikes, 
At»d  lister  raviali'd  ;  and  myself  bound  iu.it 
In  chains,  to  grace  their  trium[«b  ;  or  what  else 


•  SU:k  to  ihe  dfnth,]  Tbi?  modern  «*<lirori  omU  llie  oitkclt^^ 
•0  Um  tg  Umt  Injary  of  ihe  meirc  iliaii  »i  ilic  lungoatfc  of  the 
puKtr  ^hleh  vra^,  iuik'etl,  ihtl  of  liic  iimi'. 

t  Th«rc  i*  N  «lriktii^  »luiiUrViy  U»  Mr.  GitcUriit  ol>a«n,e« 
tn  mc)  bvtWficn  this  |»m4](c^  aud  Uiv  paitJug  speech  wf 
Hector  nod  AjidrtiinaHic ; 

AXX'  u  jijot  T(H0wv  Tofftjoi*  fiiktt  aXyoc  oir«ro'<ii, 
OvT  avrttc  'Exa^tf^',  urt  llfHitfivio  nvtiK-ifg 
Ovrt  rrt^iynjTwi',  U  mtv  iruXttt;  ri  aai  f(T3Xoc 
Rv  Kovipfn  rriffoitv  vir*  avfpaai  Svafiivtmutt, 
0^9ov  «ei,  r.  r.  a*  tl  n,  450. 


An  enMny**  insolence  could  load  roei  with. 
I  would  oe  8for%a  stilL     But,  wJien  1  thmk 
That  my  Marcelia.  to  whom  all  tlieae 
Are  but  as  atoms  to  the  greatest  hdl. 
Must  suffer  in  my  etuse,  and  for  me  sulfer  ! 
All  Fiirthty  torments,  nay,  ereu  thfise  thr  damn'y^ 
Howl  for  in  hell,  are  ^cil«  strokes,  com|iiu«d 
To  what  1  feel,  Marceha. 

Miliar.  Good  air,  bare  patience  : 
I  can  as  well  partaVe  your  adrerae  fnrtnn<e. 
As  I  tl'iUH  long  hare  had  an  ample  share 
Ju  your  prosperity.     Tis  not  in  the  |iofr«r 
Of  fate  lo  alter  me  :  for  whiJ©  1  am, 
In  spite  of  it,  I'm  your*. 

Sjor,  But  should  that  will 
To  bo  BO,  be  furceil*,  Marcelia  ;  and  I  Ure 
lo  see  those  eyes  I  priie  ahov^  niv  .>wn 
Dart  fiiTOurs,  though  compell'd.  \.-t , 

Or  those  sweet  lips,  yielding  ini ir. 

Be  p'utly  touched  by  any  but  rnvbtlf  ^ 
liiink,  ihiuk.  Marcelia,  what  •  curbed  tiling 
1  were,  beyond  eicpreaaioQ ! 

jVfarc.  Do  not  feed 
lliu^ie  jealous  thoughts  ;  the  only  blevUBn^  thai 
Heoven  hath  bestow'd  on  us,  more  ihiin  ou  beasts. 
It,  tbtit  *tis  in  our  pleasure  when  to  di^. 
iit»sides,  where  1  now  in  another's  ]>ower. 
There  are  so  many  ways  to  let  out  hfo, 
I  would  not  live,  for  one  short  minate.  bi»; 
J  WHS  born  only  yours,  and  I  will  di«  ao, 

Sjhr,  Angels  reward  the  goodness  of  this  i 
Enter  F»ASCiaco. 
All  I  ctui  pay  is  nothing. — Why,  uncall'd  for* 

I'nnu  Jt  U  of  weight,  sir,  that  makes  me  iLuk 
pr*3S 

Upon  your  privacirs.     Vour  constnnt  friend, 
1  ht«  nnir(]uis  of  Pttscani.  tirtxl  with  haste, 
Haith  husiiae>:3s  that  concerns  your  life  and  fortujM^ 
And  with  sjwed,  to  imjmrL  A 

S/lir.  Wait  on  him  hitlier  :  [  Kxit  Frunett:*     ' 

An(]l,  dearest,  to  thy  closet.  Let  thy  prmy«rs 
Assist  my  councils. 

Marc,  To  spare  imprecations  !i 

Aguirast  myself,  without  you  1  am  nothing*,       f  Ull* 

Sjor.  The  m  art  |u  is  of  Pescarn  !  a  grvat  soldiairt  \ 
And,  though  he  berv'd  upon  the  adverse  partr, 
Ever  my  consUint  friend. 

Enter  FaANCiMso  and  Pescara, 

Fran.  Ynnder  he  wulks, 
Full  of  sad  thoughts, 

Fete*  Blaine  him  not,  good  Francisco, 
He  hath  much  cmisa  to  grieve  ;  would  I  Oiiglit 

end  so, 
And  nut  add  this, — to  fear. 

Sjor,  !\ly  dear  Pescura ; 
A  mir^ole  in  these  times  [  a  friend,  and  Happy, 
Cknves  to  a  falling  foituue  * 

•  But  ghptild  that  ufiil 

To  be  *f>.  Ucf^JTCi'd  ]  1  liJivu  vpiiiitr*^  to  jntrrt  k»,  whirli 
wii»  prub.fhlv  tlrupt  at  the  prtw.  hefmrir  Jbnv^l.  (In  'hf  R^IIL 
of  18 J 3,  Mr  Gilffrtl  bdhK  ^Utridiht  xtt  thr  .- -  .m 

«mtndAtiun,  bai  ttipptK-d   tlm  d\.*vv  o(  ihc  uf 

»pj|C4.<ji,  thtti     '     >     -.     I  have  iKiwrvrr  rudtin  n^'l 

corrvcditit,  whkh  t  tlifiik  iiipifrkMr  lo  llw  •m1.^,  .j^ijr  tn  ,u«rj 
alihuafh  uiii>ecci»!hiiry  tu  the  rhyituii  and  p«rti4p«  rcDd«ria|lfe» 
vi-rw  rufbtT  liiarfli,— Eil) 

dnk«  dor*  not  etui^K^ctJit*'  the  tncnu  of  roic^r^ ;  be  •»«*,  1»^ 
dttHt.  •  grtat  »,iI4it^*  ^i  ruriuhntv  cnnimandt'r,  an  nhiv  tn^f^ 
^Ulor,  Iq  «  word,  onr  nf  Uir  ^^iloft  arD«in«j]i*  of  a  pw4im4 
wliicb  sboiiiidrd  In  e&traurdluflry  ch«ncirnk 


mam 


in.] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MIIAN. 


67 


%  I/it 

n  in  my  weak  power,  in  ftct,  to  ruse  it, 
to  bear  ■  put  of  sonrow  with  yoa, 
imi  ■boak]  have  juit  < 


to  My,  pMcim 

rirt4]«s, 


It  opoB  yoor  iialB,  but  on  your 
he  made  sait  lo  be  writ  in  the  liat 
>se  you  fiiTOQr'd^ But  my  hule  forbida 

mplimeat ;  thuB,  then  sir,  to  th«  purpoae : 
kuse  Uitil,  unfttteodM),  brought  me  htUaiir, 
ot  to  leil  you  of  voor  loss,  or  dsng«r; 
RM  bith  many  wings  to  bring  ill  tidings, 
pfffluine  ]pou>«  heard  it )  but  to  givf«  3'ou 
rhmdij  couJ&a^  as,  perhaps,  nisy  make 
Hid  disaster  less, 
.  Your  are  alt  goodiiaaa : 
give  u|»  myself  to  be  disponed  of, 
jrowr  wisdom  you  think  fic 
.  Thus,  then,  air: 

m  you  can  hold  out  against  the  emperor, 
flatftvy  in  yoiirielf*,  to  your  undoing : 
brv,  the  aaroat  course  that  you  can  take, 
pTB  up  yo42rwlf  to  his  discretion, 
you  be  oomp«U*d  ;  for,  rei t  assured, 
intary  yieldtiig  may  find  gmt^t 
rill  admit  defiaice,  at  Icfttt  excuse  : 
boo  Id  "you  linger  doubtfiil,  till  his  powers 
Mixed  your  person  and  estates  perforce, 
ittst  expect  extremes. 
.  I  unaerBtand  you  ; 
will  put  your  eoonael  into  act, 
peedijy.  'l  only  will  take  order 
me  domestical  ailairs,  tliat  do 
m  me  nearly,  and  wttli  the  next  sun 
rith  you  :  in  the  mean  time,  my  best  friend, 
aka  your  rest, 

:.  Indeed,  I  hare  trareird  bard  ; 
tU  embrace  your  counsel*  [  £iif. 

.  With  alt  care, 

I  my  noble  friend,,     ^tav  voti.  Francittco* 
m  bow  things  stand  wltli  me  ? 

»,  To  my  ffnef : 

the  loss  o?my  poor  life  could  be 
ifioa  to  restore  them  as  they  were, 
IgYy  would  lay  it  down. 
»  1  think  so; 
ntii  tfer  found  you  true  and  thanklul, 

me  love  the  building  I  bare  raised 
r  advancemant ;  and  repent  no  grace 
iMiaferr'd  upon  you.     And,  believe  me, 

II  now  I  should  repeat  nij'  favours  to  you, 
dia  1  have  giren  vou,  snil  the  means 

•  to  your  honours ;  that  I  thought  you 
f  my  nater  and  my  family, 
my  dukedom  made  yon  next  myself} 
>t  to  upbraid  you  ;  but  to  tell  you 
rou  are  worthy  of  them,  in  your  Ioto 
Trice  10  me. 

t*  8ir,  I  am  your  creature ; 
by  abape,  tbat  you  would  have  me  wear, 
f  win  put  00. 

Tbua,  than,  Francisco : 
MB  to  deliirer  to  your  trust 
fbtjT  secret ;  of  so  s&ango  a  nuture, 
riJI,  I  know«  appear  so  mons^troua  to  you, 
m  will  tremble  m  the  execution, 
dl  M I  am  tonwred  to  oommsnd  it : 


pa^llsttery  la  Miirsi{r*]    S».  bntU  the  qntrloi ;  titc 
'~lon  nMHl,  ffVrv  llAUarios  yourvif. 


For  'tis  a  dead  ao  borrid,  that,  but  to  bcw  it. 
Would  strike  into  a  ruffian  0eab*d  in  mordara, 
Or  an  obdurate  hangman,  nofi  compasaioo  ; 
And  yet,  Francisco,  of  all  men  tl»e  deorest. 
And  from  me  most  deserving,  soch  my  state 
And  strange  condition  ia,  that  thou  alone 
Mnat  know  tbe  fatal  service,  and  perform  tt, 

Fra».  Tbeae  preparaCiona,  air,  to  work  a  stranger, 
Or  to  one  unacquainted  with  your  bounties, 
flight  appear  uacfnl  *,  but  to  me  they  are 
Needleaa  tmpertinenciea ;  for  I  dare  do 
Whatever  you  dare  command* 

S/ar,  But  you  must  awear  it ; 
And  put  into  tbe  oath  all  joys  or  tormenti 
Tbat  fright  the  wicked,  or  confirm  tlie  good  ; 
Not  to  conceal  it  only,  that  is  nothing. 
But,  whensoeVr  my  will  shall  speak.  Strike  now  \ 
To  fall  upon*t  like  thunder. 

Fran,  Minii«ter 
The  oatb  in  any  way  or  form  you  pleasei 
I  stand  resolved  to  tiik^  it, 

Sjhr.  Tbmj  ruuHt  do,  tlmn, 
What  no  malcYolunt  star  will  dare  to  look  on, 
It  is  so  wicked :   for  which  men  will  curse  thee 
For  being  the  instrument ;  and  the  blest  ang«ls 
Forsake  me  at  my  need,  for  being  the  author : 
For  'tis  a  deed  of  nij^ht,  of  night,  Francisco! 
In  which  the  memon*  of  all  good  actions 
We  can  pretend  lo,  t^ll  be  buried  quick  : 
Or,  if  we  be  remember *d,  it  shall  be 
To  fright  posterity  bv  our  example, 
That  have  outgone  ah  precedents  of  villains 
That  were  before  un ;  and  luch  as  incceed, 
Though  taught  in  hAl'ti  blMck   school,   shulll    neVr 
Art  tliou  not  shaken  yet !  [comG  near  us» 

Frnn.  1  grant  you  more  me  : 
But  to  a  man  confirra'd 

Sjhr.  Ill  try  your  temper  ; 
What  tliink  you  of  my  wife  1 

Fran,  Aa  a  tiling  sacred  ; 
To  whose  fair  name  md  OMOiory  I  pay  gladly 
These  tigris  of  duty. 

Sfor,  is  she  not  the  abstract 
Of  all  that's  rare,  or  to  be  wiah*d  in  woman  ? 

Fran.  It  were  a  kind  of  blasphemy  (o  dispute  it: 
But  to  the  nuipose,  «ir. 

SJhr*  Add  too,  h**r  goodness, 
Her  tenderness  of  me,  her  care  to  pleane  me, 
HtT  iuiaus{>ected  chaslitv*  ne'er  equall'd  ; 
Her  innocence,  her  honour  : — O,  1  am  lost 
In  t}]e  ocean  of  her  virtues  and  her  graces, 
When  I  think  of  tbem  ! 

Fraiu   Now  I  find  the  end 
Of  all  your  conjurations  ;  there's  some  service 
To  be  done  for  this  sweet  lady.    If  she  have  ( 
That  she  would  have  removed 

Sfar,  Alas  !    Francisco, 
Her  greatest  enemy  is  her  greatest  lover  \ 
Yet,  in  that  hatred,  her  idobter. 
One  smile  of  her*s  would  make  a  savage  1 
One  accent  of  tliat  tongue  would  calm  the  seas, 
Though    all  the  winds  at   once    strove   tbere   for 

enmire. 
Yet  I,  for  whom  she  tliinks  all  this  too  little, 
Should  I  miscarry  in  this  present  journey, 
From  whence  it  is  atl  number  to  a  cipher, 
I  ne'er  return  with  honour,  by  thy  band 
Must  have  her  murder \i. 

Fran.  Murder'd ! — She  that  lovea  ao, 
And  so  deserres  to  be  beloved  again  ! 

9  2 


Aad  I,  nrbo  sotnetime*  you  were  pletded  lo  firour,, 
Pick'd  out  the  intrtmient! 

Sj'ftr,  Do  not  fly  off: 
WUnt  ia  decreed  can  lu^Ter  be  r^cnird  ; 
*Tu  more  than  lore  to  het,  that  marks  her  oat 
A  wijh*d  c«inp«nion  to  me  in  both  fortunes : 
And  jitron^  assurance  of  thy  zealous  faitb^ 
That  gives  up  to  thy  trust  a  ■«cret,  that 
Rae Its  should  out  faa?e  forced  from  ine.  O^  Franckco  ! 
Tliere  is  no  heaven  without  her  ;  nor  a  hell, 
Wb«rQ  she  resides.     I  f^k  from  her  but  justici*. 
And  what  I  would  have  paid  to  h^r,  had  Aickoe^s, 
Or  say  other  accident,  divorced 
fler  purer  soul  from  her  unspotted  body  ** 
The  tloviah  Indian  princet,  when  they  die, 
Ara  cbet^rfuHy  attended  tu  the  fire, 
By  the  wife  and  shiTe  that,  liv-ingr.  they  loved  best* 
To  do  them  service*  in  another  world : 
Nor  will  I  be  lej«  honour'd,  that  lore  moits 
And  therefore  trifle  not,  but  in  thy  looks 


ExpT^ess  a  ready  purjjose  to  perform 
What  I  conumuid;  or,  by  Marcelia'i  aovl, 
ThiM  is  thv  latest  minute. 

Fran*  'lis  not  fear 
Ofdenth,  but  love  to  you,  makes  me  embraee  it : 
fhit  for  mine  own  seciuritv,  when  *tis  doOfe, 
^Vhiit  warrant  havo  1  ?  If^you  please  to  %i^  ooev 
I  alftill,  tboufjrh  with  unwillingness  atid  borror, 
t*erronn  your  dreadful  charge. 

SJhr,   I  will,  Fraiicittco: 
Bu'  still  remember,  that  a  prince's  secrets 
Atb  balm,  coiicealM  ;  but  poijkon,  if  diacttvflt*d* 
I  mav  come  back  ;  then  thi»  is  but  m  trial 
Jo  purchase  tiii^e,  if  it  were  possible, 
A  nearer  place  in  my  affectioii : — bat 
I  know  thee  bonest. 

Fran.  'Tis  a  chnraoter 
I  will  not  part  with. 

Sjiw,  1  may  Live  to  reward  it*.  [fspmit. 


ACT  11, 


SCENE  1.-7^  mm*.     An  ^ii  Spaai  hefwt  th* 
CaiUt, 

Enter  Ttaanio  and  SrcpnANa* 

St€ph>  How,  lefV  the  court  ! 

Tth.  Without  ^iiard  or  retinue 
Fitting  a  prinre. 

Stei)h.  No  enemy  near,  to  force  him 
To  leave  his  own  strengths,  yet  deliver  up 
Himiielf,  as  'twere,  in  hoods,  to  the  discretion 
Of  him  that  hates  him  !  'tis  beyond  example. 
You  never  beard  the  motives  that  induued  him 
To  this  strati ji^e  course  ? 

Tth»  No,  those  are  cabinet  councils, 
And  not  to  be  communicated,  but 
To  sufih  as  are  hia  own,  and  sure.     Alas  { 
We  till  u\y  ompty  places,  and  in  public 
Are  taught  to  g^ive  our  suffraij-es  to  that 
Wbifb  was  before  determined  ;  and  are  safe  so. 
Signior  Francisco  (upon  whom  alone 
His  absolute  power  is  w\\h  all  stren^h   conf**rr'd, 
During  his  absence)  C4in  with  eue  resolve  you  : 
To  me  th«fy  are  riddles. 

Sitffh,  Well,  he  shall  not  be 
My  (£dipus  ;  IHl  rather  dwell  in  darknesa. 
But,  my  good  lord  Tiberio,  tliis  Francisco 
Is,  on  the  sudden,  strmigely  raised. 

Tih,  O  sir 
He  took  the  toriving  coursi* :  hp  had  a  sisterf, 
A  fair  one  too,  witli  whom,  as  it  is  rumoured, 
'llie  duke  was  too  familiar  ;  but  abe,  cast  off 
(What  promises  »oev«r  past  b«tweaii  tbem) 


In  p«rfrct  curtcttrrtDci'  'wtib  iht*  prM'iice  of  MitKilncrr'a  am^ 
remntf^irliM,  ror  purr,  ttte  t:uiii|v4rAlive  for  tli*  |;M4ii)v«.  Sec 
Ibr  Vaivaiurjil  CuiTihi*!. 

f     " — //*•  hitd  a  •<^«fi*r,  &c.]     Tlti'fc  i«  gri'il  irl  in  thil 

inirvdm t Ion  of  K\\r  r^lili-r-    Id  (hv  jtianni^t-itii'iil  vt  ihi>«e  prc*- 

Krmory  l()iil«,  MA»ing4'r  Btirpftaje*  ni\  his  coutcni|»orrfrici« 
,  flcanmonl  ftfitli  FMchfr,  "  itie  einl  Si)!!!'  hfom  f^ifgrf-*  ihc 
liegiDiiliix  .**  anil  evin  8htikftp«af«  ii  (ihI  rhik«l>  rrn-  fmtn 
inaiteialMm  <>f  «  ilmilAr  a^tiin^  1  y^iW  oni  firrv  ||ir*i»  rlw 
^OvmI  Micliy  oC  tmi  nnlhor'*  |iIh»;  btii  H|i«tfirci  ihry 
wriT.  hi-  tcpmi  to  biivt  i}itmi(c'l>  ^rrMugc^l  »ll  the  cumpttiiriit 
(inrii  before  «  line  of  lti«  ilU(i>t**^  w  Mniiien. 


Upon  tbe  sight  of  tbisf.  forsook  tbe  court. 
And  since  was  never  seen.     To  smother  tbla. 
As  honours  never  fait  to  purchase  silence, 
Francisco  first  was  graced,  and,  step  by  step, 
Is  raised  up  to  this  heigh L 

Stqih.  But  how  is 
Hi«  absence  bom  \ 

TiK  Hadly,  it  seems,  by  the  dutcbe«»; 
For  since  he  left  the  court. 

For  tbe  most  part  she  hath  kept  ber  private  cliambeTf 
No  visitants  admitted,     in  tlie  church, 
Bbe  bath  been  seen  to  pay  her  pure  dc'votioos 
Season 'd  with  tears  ;  and  sure  her  sorrow  *s  true. 
Or  deeply  counterfeited  \  f^mp^  and  atiife. 
And  bravery  cast  of  :  and  she,  that  lately 
Hivaird  Poppica  in  lier  varie<i  jibapes, 
Or  the  Egyptian  queen,  now,  widow.Iik«, 
In  sable  colours,  as  her  husband's  dnrig^rs 
StmngliHl  in  her  the  use  of  any  pleasure, 
Mouni!^  for  hift  abjH*nce. 

Sttph,  h  becomes  her  virtue, 
And  does  coniinn  what  was  reported  of  her. 

TiL  Vou  take  it  right :  but,  un  the  other  aide. 
The  darling  of  hi^  mnthcir,  Manana, 
As  there  were  an  antiiuitliy  between 
Her  and  tlie  duichess  passions  ;;  and  as 
She'd  no  dependence  on  her  brothers  fortune^ 
She  neW  a^pear'd  so  full  of  mirth. 

Sttph,  ^Tis  strange. 

Entir  GitAcciJu  tcith  Fiddlers. 

But  see !  her  favourite,  and  acootnpuiied. 
To  youf  reporL 

Urae,  Vou  shall  scrape,  nnd  I  will  uag 
A  scurvy  ditty  to  a  acurvy  tune, 
Rt«pine  who  tiareo. 


•  The  «bs«<TV9)r{ori«  In  Iti*  E*»«y  pi^"***^  lo  ihis  Volncnr, 
prediiHt  lh^>  ncfMit^  *it  *u\  n  iniirWk  nrmn  mr,  on  rhb  «4 
inimhlt^  tct'iir :  it  U  »rfiiii,  Kuwcv*  r,  tu  have  »ii|,r«i«#c«1  rbc 
rrillc  »altetitiun,(tc»  ihc  nttnUtM  nL'fElcirl  at  ihr  «•»«,>  kl  tm 
*»'iUl£'  *'.  in  Juslict^  to  Ihv  ••ith«r,  thjil  U  \i  r>4UAUed,  1^  rw4 
«tir|iji»»c<l,  h)  bitiMr  *>r  Itir  ^uci'iMNlint  ***i«,  unci,  niiiunt  il« 
rfil.  by  iliAt  whirh  rottcliulL't  th*  •rcuod  •«. 

f  i  pon  fh»  tight  nf  ttiU,  Acc.J    Utf.vtiht  pn^nt  «l»(rhr m. 


ScEifi  L] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN, 


bV 


1  Fid.  But,  if  we  should  ofTend, 
The  dutch«ss  hav-uij^  sUeuoed  us^-HUid  theaa  lords 
Stand  by  to  bear  ut. 

Grst.  They  b  name  are  lorda, 
But  I  am  one  in  power  :  and,  for  the  dutcheoa, 
Bui  yesterday  we  were  merry  for  her  pl©aflur». 
We  DOW '11  be  far  my  lady'a. 
Tih,  Signior  Gmccho, 

Gntc  A  poor  man,  «r,  a  ierrwit  to  the  princeaa  j 
Bat  you.  great  lords*  and  couuaelloi*  of  atnte, 
Whom  I  ctand  bound  fo  reTerence. 

Tib,  Come  ;  we  know 
You  are  a  man  in  grace. 

Ctwc.  Fie  •  no :  I  prant. 
I  hmt  my  fortuoea  patiently  ;  aerve  the  princeaa, 
And  bare  acceaa  at  all  timea  lo  ber  closet* 
Such  ts  my  impudence !  when  your  grave  lordshipi 
Are  mastera  ol  tbe  modeaty  to  attend 
Three  boura,  nay  aometimea  foor^    tad  ihea  bid 
Upon  her  the  next  momiof .  [wait 

5l«pA,  He  derides  us. 

Ti*.  Prav  you.  what  tiewa  is  atirriDg  ?  yoo  know 
€iTtMt,  W'bo»  I  ?  alas  !  I've  no  intt'lligence        [all. 
At  home  nor  abroad  ;  I  onlr  sometimeti  ^esa 
The  cbftn^  of  tbe  times  ;  f  abould  ask  of  your  tord- 

abips 
Who  are  to  keep  tbeir  honours,  wbo  to  lose  them  : 
Who  tbe  dotcbees  smiled  on  last^  or  on  wb^om  frown 'd. 
You  only  can  resolve  me ;  we  poor  waiters 
Deal,  aa  yon  aee<  in  mirth,  and  footiab  fiddles  : 
It  is  our  element  1  and — could  you  tell  mn 
What  point  of  state  'tis  tb«t  I  am  coram  nnded 
To  muster  up  this  mu^c,  on  mine  hone»tyj 
Ya«  afa«mld  much  bpfHpiid  me< 
5lepA.  Sirrab.  you  ^row  ?mucy. 
Tib.  And  would  be  kid  by  the  beela. 
Grac,  Not  hv  your  lordships^ 
Without  a  special  warmnt  ;  looli  to  your  own  stakes  ; 
Were  I  committed »  here  come  those  would  bail  me ; 
Perbapa^  we  might  change  places  too. 

£nt«r  laAHELLA,  and  Maiuaka. 

T?h,  Tbe  princeaa  t 
We  mast  be  patient. 

Sttpk,  There  i»  no  contendinf^. 

716.  See,  the  informing  rogue  ! 

StipA,  That  we  should  stoop 
To  such  a  moabroom  ! 

Mmri,  Thou  dost  mistake  ;  they  ilurst  not 
Uae  the  least  word  of  acorn,  althoufrh  | provoked, 
To  any  thing  of  mine.    Go,  gt?t  you  home, 
And  to  your  aenrants^  friends,  and  fluttcrers  number 
How  many  descentu  you're   nohle  ; — look  lo  your 

wive*  too  ; 
The  smootb-cbinn'd  courtiers  are  abrotd. 

Tib,  No  way  to  be  a  fr««man  ! 

Eieuttt  Tilterifl  and  Ssephano, 

Gt&c.  Your  excellence  bnt  h  the  beiit  gi^  to  dispatch 
These  arraj  pictures  of  nobiUtyi 
I  ever  reed  of. 

MaH.  I  can  speak  lometimeiS. 

Grae.  And  cover  so  your  hitter  pills,  with  sweet* 
or  princely  laniraage  to  forbid  reply,  [uess, 

They  are  greedily  swallowed. 

Imh,  Rut  lo  fb©  purpose,  daughter, 
Thai  bnngs  us  hither,    is  it  to  bestow 


If  •MM  ekcKtsM  lo  dcvijitv  Trom  fhein^  sntl  fend  B%$  jftm  are 
jpnMf  iMTMtr,  iKc.    N«V4rr  mm*  Alivmioo  more  aanecetMry. 


A  visit  on  thii  woman,  that,  bfcauae 
She  only  would  be  thought  truly  to  grieve 
1  he  abnenoe  and  tbe  dangers  oi  my  aoa^ 
ProctainiH  a  getieral  sadiMas? 

AJtiri.  If  to  vex  her 
IVIsiy  be  interpreted  to  do  her  honour, 
i^lie  shall  have  nwny  of  tbem.     I'll  make  use 
Of  ray  abort  reign  :  my  lord  now  governs  all  ; 
And  she  ubiill  kriow  that  her  idolitter. 
My  brother,  l>eing  not  by  now  to  protect  her, 
I  am  her  eooal. 

Grot,  Ota  little  thing, 
It  ia  so  full  of  gall*  !  A  devil  of  this  siw, 
^boutd  they  run  for  a  wager  to  be  spitefuh 
Gets  not  a  horse-head  of  her.  \_Asid«, 

Mart.     On  her  birtliday, 
^V  *'  were  forced  to  he  merry,  *nd  now  ahe'a  musty, 
\\  e  must  be  sad,  on  pain  ot*  her  displeasure  : 
We  will,  we  will  \  tbia  ia  her  private  chamber, 
Vir  here,  like  an  hypotrile,  not  a  true  turtle, 
She  seeixiM  to  mourn  her  ubiient  mate  ;  bi*r  servonca 
At  ten  di  tig  her  like  mutf  s :   but  111  speak  to  her, 
And  in  ti  high  key  too.     Play  any  flung 
That'i*  light  and  loud  enough  but  to  torment  her, 
And  we  will  have  r»t9  sfiort.         [Mudc  and  a  jff^gf. 

Maaceua  apimtn  at  a  Window  above,  in  btatJt. 

tub*  She  frowns  na  if 
Her  looks  could  fright  us, 

Mttri,  M^y  it  plea^^e  your  greAtneas. 
We  hi^ard  that  your  lute  phyiiic  huth  not  workM ; 
Atid  timt  breeds  melaticholy,  as  your  dcn^tor  tells  ua 
To  purge  which,  we,  that  are  bom  yuur  highneaa' 

▼BsaaU, 
And  are  to  play  the  fool  to  do  you  service. 
Present  you  with  a  fit  of  mirth.     What  think  you 
Of  a  new  antic  I 

laab,  'Twould  show  nu*e  iu  ladtea. 

Mart.  Being  intended  for  so  sweet  a  creature. 
Were  she  but  pleased  to  grace  it. 

Jmb,  Fie !  ahe  will. 
Be  it  ne'er  ao  mean  ;  she*a  made  of  courtesy. 

Jl/ari.  The  mjMtresa  of  aU  hearts.     Utie  amile,  1 
pray  you. 
On  your  poor  servants,  or  a  fiddler^s  fee ; 
Coming  from  those  fair  hands,  though  but  a  ducat, 
Wi^  will  jubhrine  it  as  a  holy  rtdic. 

Isiih.  'Tiii  wormwood,  and  it  works* 

Mare.  If  I  lay  by 
Mv  fearn  and  griefs,  in  which  you  should  be  stmrers, 
U"  dating  age  could  let  you  but  re]aQeml>er, 
Vou  have  u  son  ;  or  frontless  impudence. 
Voti  are  a  sister  ;  and  in  nuking  answer^ 


*  iQfKr.  Of  a  hule  Ihlne, 

It  hwfuit  a/fffsUl}  Nothing  mnre  ttrnngly  marfctt  ihe 
poierly  «iif  the  atJiije  in  tho»e  tliuei,  than  Ibe  rneqarnl  allQsiciiDk 
I**  liud  lu  fhc  di&e  tif  tbr  «tt»"r»,  i^tUcti  mny  tw  ctnuWereiJ 
u  »  kind  of  qpitli?;^'  Iu  ibr  ■udi«iice.  It  i>  not  pofsiblr  to 
a«c«:ii4iu  >vho  pkytn}  ilic  part  of  Mariann,  bnl  g.t  wai,  tjot 
improbably,  Tbvuphiliit  BcMtmc,  «hi»  acted  Paiilioa  in^  the 
Rem^adu,  wliere  »n  rKpre^iion  uf  ihe  M,ine  nature  iM-furs. 
DumitiM«,  lo  tht  Ramaa.i4ci€Mr,u  m\po  little  ;  tlir  wa»  played 
by  John  HtinQicifimn.  I  do  not  condemn  thrM:  iniJircct  apo- 
iOfciea;  indrvd,  Ibtrf  ap{iCMra>to  be  t^'inttldug  of  i>ixid  Aen*« 
In  them,  um!  of  proper  deiirrtncf  tu  ibe  umli-r»tjin/tlini:»  of  ll>e 
aeilieace.  At  pr«»«iii,  wc  rvu  imrrpiilljr  Into  evirry  «p4i^i*»t 
vf  utiinnlity,  inen  iDd  womnn  unwi^ldi}  at  oncv  li-om  ngf 
and  fitinicca,  take  npt^n  thi-mthL'  pairit  of  aclivf  buy  t  .lod  girU; 
«Ad  it  ia  noi  only  in  a  paniominie  ibat  ««:  arc  accuiitxined 
to  fev  cbildrcD  of  rim  feet  Jtiigb  to  leading  strings  [ 

^  A  tomf]  Thlv,  like  many  ui  lie  r»,  due*  not  «|)pear ;  tt  was 
probably  lupplled  at  pleaiurv,  by  tbe  setoff 


L 


68 


THE  DIKE  OF  MILAN. 


(Act  IT. 


And  I.  who  KMBedmcB  joa  wen  phand  to  frroor, 
Pick'd  oot  the  mtnuBMit! 

Sfar.  Do  not  fly  off : 
Whit  is  decreed  cen  nerer  be  recall'd  ; 
'Tis  more  than  lore  to  her,  that  wamtk*  her  out 
A  wi&h'd  compenioo  to  me  in  both  fortnnee : 
And  stronfT  assnimnce  of  thy  scaloo*  finth. 
That  ^res  up  to  thy  trust  a  secret,  that 
Racks  should  not  hare  forced  from  me.  O,  Francisco ! 
There  is  no  bearen  without  her  ;  nor  a  bell. 
Where  she  restides.     I  ask  from  her  but  justice. 
And  what  1  would  have  paid  to  her,  had  sickness. 
Or  any  other  accident,  dirorced 
Her  purer  aoni  from  her  unspotted  body  *. 
I'he  slarisb  Indian  princes,  when  they  die. 
Are  cheerfully  attended  to  the  fire. 
By  the  wife  and  slare  that,  liring,  they  lored  best. 
To  do  them  serrice  in  another  world : 
Nor  will  I  be  less  honoured,  that  lore  more. 
And  therefore  triito  not,  but  in  thy  looks 


r  purpose  to  perform 

nd ;  or,  by  MarDelia's  wonl» 


Express  a  readr  i 

What  Id 

This  is  thr  latest  minnte. 

Fran.  *tisnot  fiear 
Of  death,  bat  lore  to  yon,  makes  me  < 
But  for  mine  own  securitr,  when  *tiB  dooe. 
What  warrant  hare  I  ?  If  you  pleese  to  sig^  one, 
I  shall,  though  with  onwillingneM  and  iKMTor, 
t*erform  your  dreadful  cbaiige. 

Sfar.  f  will,  Francisco: 
But  still  remember,  that  a  prince's  ■eereti 
Are  balm,  coneeal*d  ;  but  pouon,  if  discoirer'd. 
I  may  come  beck ;  then  this  is  but  a  trial 
1  o  purchase  thee,  if  it  woto  possible, 
A  nearer  place  in  my  affectioa : — but 
I  know  thee  hooesL 

Fran.  Tis  a  charaeter 
I  will  not  part  with. 

Sj'ar.  I  may  lire  to  reward  it*.  [Eaaat 


ACT  II. 


SCENE  L^The  tame.    An  open  Spaet  brfort  tkt 
Castle, 

Enter  Tibbrio  and  Stepbano. 

Steph,  How,  left  the  court ! 

Tib.  Witliout  g:uard  or  retinue 
Fittinf?  a  prince. 

Staph.  No  enemy  near,  to  force  him 
To  leare  his  own  strengths,  yet  delirer  up 
Himself,  as  'twere,  in  lx>nd8,  to  the  discretion 
Of  him  that  hates  him  !  'tis  beyond  example. 
You  never  heard  the  motires  that  induced  him 
To  this  strange  course  ? 

Tib.  No,  those  are  cabinet  councils. 
And  not  to  be  communicated,  but 
To  such  as  are  his  own,  and  sure.    Alas ! 
We  fill  up  emptj  places,  and  in  public 
Are  Uught  to  eire  our  suffram  to  tliat 
Which  was  before  determined ;  and  are  safe  so. 
Sipior  Francisco  (upon  whom  alone 
His  absolute  power  is  with  all  strength  conferred, 
During  his  absence)  can  with  ease  resolre  you  : 
To  me  they  are  riddles. 

Steph,  Well,  he  shall  not  be 
My  (Edipus  ;  HI  rather  dwell  in  darkness. 
But,  my  good  lord  Tiberio.  UiU  Francisco 
Is,  on  the  sudden,  strangely  raised. 

Tib,  O  sir 
He  took  the  tnriring  course :  he  had  a  sistert 
A  fair  one  too.  with  whom,  as  it  is  rumour'd 
1^  duke  was  too  fiuniUar  ;  but  she.  cast  off' 
(  W  hat  promises  soerer  past  between  them) 

laatteatloat  «r  a  Umllar  ••laVT    1  w??j;*L'*'>'  ^^  <>«« 
««««»he  Mnnslo  have  mlaairlv  irV!!'    t«« .  ^»»«teYer  tWy 


Upon  the  sight  of  thisf,  fonook  the  ooiiit» 
And  aince  was  nerer  seen.    To  amother  thSa, 
As  honours  nerer  fiul  to  purehaae  aileno, 
Francisco  first  was  mcea,  and,  step  bj  stop. 
Is  raised  up  to  this  lieight. 

Steph.  But  how  is 
His  absence  bom  1 

7i6.  Sadly,  it  seems,  by  the  dutcbeaa ; 
For  since  he  left  the  court, 

For  the  most  part  she  hath  kept  her  priralia  ehaiaber. 
No  risitants  admitted.    In  the  chareh. 
She  hath  been  seen  to  pay  her  pure  derotioDS 
Season'd  with  tean ;  and  sure  her  aorrow'a  tme. 
Or  deeply  counterfeited  ;  pcmip,  aod  atate. 
And  brarery  cast  of :  and  she,  that  lately 
Rivaird  Poppiea  in  her  raried  shapea. 
Or  the  Egyptian  queen,  now,  widow-like. 
In  sable  coloura,  as  her  husband's  dangers 
Strangled  in  her  the  use  of  any  pleaaine. 
Mourns  for  his  absence. 

Stepk.  It  becomes  her  rirtue. 
And  does  confirm  what  was  reported  of  her. 

Tib.  You  take  it  right :  but,  on  the  other  aide^ 
The  darling  of  his  mother,  Mariana, 
As  there  were  an  antipathy  between 
Her  and  the  dutchess  paasions  ;  and  aa 
She'd  no  dependence  on  her  brother'a  fortane. 
She  ne'er  appear 'd  so  fiill  of  mirth. 

Staph,  Tis  strange. 

Enter  Graocho  with  Fiddlera. 

But  see !  her  iarourite,  and  acoompaDied, 
To  your  report. 

Grae.  You  shall  scrape,  and  I  will  ainr 
A  scurry  ditty  to  a  scurry  tuoe. 
Repine  who  darea. 

•  The  obiervslloM  Id  the  Emy  pieflxed  to  this  Votome, 
preclmie  the  ncccMiiy  «.f  any  remsrkii  fhmi  me,  on  thto  srt- 
iiilreUe  vcene :  as  It  veemt,  huwever,  to  have  easnwrcd  the 
critic  s  ittentUm,(u>  the  nuinlreM  neglect  oT  the  reit.)  let  ne 
•«•!«««.  in  jiwtice  to  the  author,  that  it  U  euaalled.  if  iioc 
raritavMd,  by  tonie  of  the  tocceedlnc  oaea,  aiid.  amonc  the 
reM,  by  that  which  conclaclet  the  KcuaA  act. 
U.  LSUm^  •^^  ^  thU,  AcJ   i.  e.  or  the  pieteat  datchm. 


70 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


[AcTli»l 


To  what  w«8  moftt  unfit  for  you  to  spcak^ 
Or  me  to  h«ir»  borrow  of  my  ju«t  iingw— - 

Imh,  A  act  tnewh,  on  my  life. 

Man.  Peuu  a  by  bet  cbnplain.  [ap*iilc, 

Marc,  Yea  J    it*    chii    speak,  witbout   mttructiun 
And  tell  your  want  of  manners,  that  you  lire  nide» 
And  Bnuoily  nide»  too. 

Grac,  Now  tbe  game  begins. 

Afore.  You  durst  not,  ©lae,  on  iiny  hire  or  hope, 
Remembering  what  I  am,  and  whose  I  am. 
Put  on  the  desperate  boldness,  to  disturb 
The  least  of  my  retirvmentA, 

MarL  Note  her,  now.  [presume 

Mtirc,  For  both  ihall  understand,  1  bough  the  one 
Upon  the  privilege  due  to  a  mother. 
The  duke  stands  now  on  hia  own  lege,  and  needs 
No  nufise  to  lead  him. 

iMtb.  How,  a  tiWAe  ? 

Marc*  A  dry  one. 
And  uielesitoo  : — but  I  lim  merciful, 
And  dotage  signs  your  p^irdou. 

Itub.  I  defy  tliee ; 
Thee,  and  thy  pardons,  proud  one. 

Marc,  For  you ,  pupp^'t 

Miiri.  What  of  me»  pine-treef  ! 

Marc.  Littl**  you  are,  I  gmnt. 
And  hare  as  litiJe  worth,  but  much  lona  wit ; 
You  durst  not  else,  the  duk»  b«m|^  whcjllv  mine, 
His  power  and  honour  mine,  aud  t}K<  iillegriuice, 
Yovi  owe  him,  as  a  subject,  due  to  me— 

MarL  To  you  I 

Mure,  To  me :  and  therefore,  as  a  rassal, 
From  this  hoyr  learn  to  serve  me,  or  you'll  fee* 
I  muiit  moke  uie  of  my  nutbority, 
Aud,  as  0  princess,  puciLah  it* 

hak  A  princess ! 

Mart.  I  had  rather  be  a  slave  unto  a  Moor, 
Than  know  thee  for  my  cquaL 

luih.  Scornful  thing ! 
Pruud  of  a  white  face. 

Mart.  Let  her  but  rememberl 
The  issue  in  her  leg* 

Itab,  The  charge  she  puts 
The  state  to,  for  perfumes. 

Mori,  And  howsoever 
She  seems  when  she*s  made  up,  as  sbe's  herself, 
She  itiuks  above  tlie  ground »     O  thnt  1  could  reach 
The  little  one  you  scorn  so,  with  her  nails       [you  ! 


*  M*Tc.  Kta,  it  ran  «39ttt4i] 
«litioai,  Km,  t  aumpioAf 


So  the  iM  copluM :  ibe  iiMKlem 


t  Wsrc  For  ymu,  |»fipp«t 

Msri.   W1ltf/<i/*«»wf,  piiicfrocT] 

"  Now  ]  prreclrc  1b*i  tbt  hutb  made  coinpire 

Bt'twren  oar  fixtures" 

Puppet  ami  ma}f  poUf,  And  tn»iiy  oihcr  tcrieiui  of  equal  rlc(»n«f 
arc  bJiQiUed  -tbi^ut  b<.'tw.i.H'n  Ut^raili  «ndl  |Jcleii«»  la  Mid- 
mtmmer- \iijht  s  Drmm,  which  ti  here  loo  ckt^tfly  ImiuteU, 
I  fbrbeai  ic  qnMtc:  tlji'  |>4»sagci,  Mrliklh  are  famUUr  lu  every 
itader  of  |^hak»peiirc. 

I  MdrL  f^t  her  6Mt  mrnnrtbrr,  Ike]  Per  thii,  Matddfer 
b  indebted  to  lu«  rc,«(K-cuhk  antboiitj,  to  tli«  tretcberoiu 
loqnaclty  of  the  dtitdit  «9'>  tiaUijtj;  womna,  la  her  midiijifht 
eonfetfncp  with  Don  Qaixixt^.  Tht-ie  trall§,  bowevrr  <li»- 
tV>lio£t  *rr  not  wilbiml  thetr  value;  thry  tilrf>ticly  murk  tli« 
prevniuifiC  fi-aiarct  of  i\w  thnc't,  which  are  unWerMlly  eoirw 
■Qd  tnitflicjti* :  th(?Y  cvhttnt  «l»ri  a  circumfisacc  worthy  of 
panicitUr  notice,  nAJiu-ly ,  UiAt  i]s«ft.-  viguroiu  poweri  of  gmim 
Whiih  carry  men  far  b^'ynnd  Ihc  litirary  •lmt«  of  thi^tr  age, 
do  m*t  c-nalik*  thorn  to  oiiitjo  th«t  of  Iti  inaniipni.  Tliii  in«»i 
•crvi-  a«  at\  apoIi>^"  fi.r  otir  amthor;  ludeed,  it  i»  ihp  only 
Oflv  Ihrtt  irtft  he  oitered  for  matiy  who  ttaod  liiglicr  in  the 
ranki  of  fame  than  MuMfagctrStMl  who  bavt  still  more  nct.*d 
ofU, 


Would  tear  your  painted  fSioe,  sad  aotttch  i1io«*  I 
Do  but  come  down.  [«J^  ^'^^  I 

Marc.  Were  there  no  other  wsy, 
Out  leapiuji^  an  thy  neck»  to  break  mine  ow 
Rather  than  be  outbraved  thus.  [Sk§  i 

Grac»  Forty  t^uests 
Upon  the  little  hen  :  she's  of  th«  kind, 
And  will  not  leare  tbe  pit.  [jUid»<>  I 

Mart.  Tbat  it  were  lawful 
To  meet  her  with  a  pouiard  and  a  pintol ! 
But  these  weak  hands  shall  shew  my  apleen* 

jRe-enter  I^lAncELU  behm* 

Mart,  MTiere  are  von  ! 
You  modicum,  you  dwarf! 

MarL  Ifpre,  g:inntess,  here, 

£ntfr  Francisco,  Tibehio,  and  Stxpuatvo^ 

Fran,  A  tumult  in  the  court  ! 

Mari,  Let  her  come  on, 

Fran.  What  wind  hath  raised  this  temped  ? 
Sever  them,  I  commood  you.     \Vhat*8  the  cause  f 
Speak,  Mariana. 

Mari  1  am  out  of  breath  j 
But  we  shall  meet^  we  shall. — And  do  you  besr  ^i 
Ur  ri|;ht  me  on  this  monster,  (she's  thi«e  feet 
Too  high  for  a  woman,}  or  ne'er  look  to  have 
A  quiet  hour  with  me. 

Isab,  If  my  son  were  here, 
And  would  endure  this,  maj  a  mother's  cam 
Pursue  and  orertake  him  t 

Fran,  O  forbear : 
In  me  he^s  present,  both  in  power  and  wiTT ; 
And,  madam,  1  much  grieve  that,  in  his  ubsencr. 
There  should  arise  the  least  distaste  to  move  fcn  i 
h  being  his  priucipal,  luiy,  only  charge, 
To  have  you,  in  his  absence,  served  and  honour'd, 
Ai  when  him«elf  perform'd  the  willing  office. 

Maru  This  is  nne,  i'fmtb. 

Grac.  I  would  I  were  well  off!  (not, 

Fran.  And  therefore,  1  beseech  you,  madam,  frown 
Till  most  unwittingly  he  hath  deserved  it. 
On  your  poor  serviint  j  to  your  excelleuoe 
I  ever  was  and  will  be  such  ;  and  lay 
The  duke 'a  authority*  trusted  to  me. 
With  willingness  at  your  feet. 

iljcirt".  O  base ! 

Imb.  We  are  like 
To  have  an  equal  judge  I 

Frai».  Butj  should  I  find 
That  you  are  touch 'd  in  any  point  of  honoor 
Or  that  the  least  neg^lect  is  lairu  upou  yoa, 
1  then  iinnd  up  a  prince. 

I   Fid,  ^Vitbout  reward, 
Prav  you  dismiss  us. 

Grac,  Would  I  were  five  leases  benoe ! 

Fniri,  1  will  be  partial 
To  nonei  not  to  myself; 
Be  you  but  pleased  to  shew  me  my  offence. 
Or  if  yoQ  hold  me  in  your  g^ood  opinion » 
Name  tliose  that  have  offended  you. 

Imb.  I  am  one, 
And  1  will  justify  it. 

Mart.  Thou  art  a  base  fellow, 
To  take  her  part. 

Fran.  Remember,  nhta  the  dutehess. 

Marr.  But  used  with  more  contempt,  than  if  t 
A  peasant  8  daughter ;  baited,  and  hooted  at. 
Like  to  a  common  stnmipet ;  with  loud  noisee 
Forced  firom  my  prByeri ;  and  my  private  elmmber, 
Which,  with  all  willin|^oess»  I  would  make  my  pritoii 


i 

k 

k 
I 


^ 


*: 


I 


Dttriar  ^«  ill— irw  of  toy  lonl»  dcmied  in« : 
Bat  tf  1>»  «W  return 

Fmn.  Were  yon  am  actor 
In  ihis  lefrd  ooiEi«>dj  1 

Mari.  A  J,  many  wi»  I  j 
Ajid  will  be  on*  again. 

imh.  in  join  with  her. 
Though  jTOu  fvptne  «i  it. 

Frmm,  Think  not,  then,  I  ipeak, 
For  I  sluul  bound  to  honour,  and  to  nerve  you, 
tint  th*.f  the  dyke,  that  hve*  in  t]itg  great  imly. 
For  thfc  oontflDpt  of  him  in  h«r,  commwidsi  you 

l«dk.  Mari,  Prisonenl 

FfVH,  fi««r  then  beno« ; 
Thit  m  jronr  charge,  my  tend  Tlbeno, 
Aadl,  StephBDo,  this  is  yours. 

Jl«rc  I  am  not  cruel, 
list  pilnnnd  tbiM^  mav  haT«  liberty. 

iimh^  Pleased,  witb  a  miscliisf  f 
Jlcrt.  Ill  imther  Iitc  in  any  loatJi^otne  dungeon^ 
Tlan  in  a  paradise  at  her  entreaty  : 
Mmd^  for  jan.  apstan 
Sifph.  There  u  no  eontendiog. 
Ti^  Whstehan  become  of  tli«i6? 
Ffnmm  Soe  them  well  Mrhijip*d, 
Aa  TMI  will  snawffr  it. 
■         Ttk,  Kow,  fiiipiior  Graecho» 
I  Wlwi  think  yoo*  of  yoor^nattMiM? 
1 1        Gf*«.  1  pf««eh  patience. 
And  araaC  mtium  my  fortune. 
1   Wid,  I  was  never  yet 
I     At  nscli  m  huntViipf ,  nor  was  so  rewarded. 
I  (                            [  Esmnt  aU  hut  Fnncisec  and  MaretHa* 
JL       Frmm,  Let  iham  fiest  know  themtelTes,  and  bow 
^■^      yo«  af« 
^PTo  W  aerred  and  honoqr'd  ;  which ,  when  ihey  coti- 

YoQ  vny  ng«tn  receive  them  to  your  fiif  our ; 
And  llMtt  it  wiQ  «Lew  nobty. 

Ifere.  With  my  thanks 
The  dmkm  thmll  pey^  you  his,  if  he  return 
To  blsMS  mm  with  nis  nreaence. 
Frmm^  Tliefn  is  nottaiaf 

enn  be  added  to  your  hit  acrepunce ; 
im  the  pciae,  indeed  ;  all  else  are  htunks. 
And  nf  an  vnloe.    At,  in  Tirtuous  actions, 
Th*  MldKllktr  finds  a  full  rnword, 

'd  urpoa  uulhoakful  men  ; 

fib.  iVew  Jitter  Gmecka, 


, .  sad  Mr.  M.  l|Mi«^n  ri>lkiv»  lli«  i«cuttd,>fvliicb  rt^di, 

Whaltm  ie<s«H  ^ptmr  ffrentntat  f 

«   I  1^    /  Mli  MnvT  TfH 

A  i  Midi  «  iMlir*  nitrl     Tkr  Jkiun/'t  Mjr  wm  «  tnaon  ati  lh« 


Nira,  sieysrf  seder  liir  «U»{|»w» 
ep  In  lbs  leenlng.    It  wa<i,  |m 
ssie^  iBf  H  Is  ins%a«iiil>  applk  i 
|i«sft«  as  aev  astM*  *^  •  UMM'«.r 
Mitosw     Tnvten' 

^ave^vMli.    ^* 

Ivas  "  mt  fstfs  •>' 
siirti     Thm  ifSI  r 

AMIi*  t:, 
ti  k»  !»' 


-r  .ii,,r1. 


.iti  n.t 


11,    (^At 

!   who,  M 
»»e|| 


U|l. 

n.ttMrrnun'«  wife, 
«vc  a  AwnriNvp  of  our 


0v««  wMcH  Is  anil  fUt*4  «mWt  ibt  wlodow*  tiT  tl»il«KiMi 
spefaaman*  ani  •<■■»  ef  e  choras  ef  sms,  tfofSt  sad  hmm, 
nst  a  Hitfe  etanafen^ 


Sot  any  aemrkn  dime  fo  »o  much  sv^^eelness. 
However  dangerous,  and  suhject  to 
An  ill  construe tioa ,  in  jrour  mvcur  finds 
A  wisb'd,  and  g^loriouj  end. 

Marc,  From  you,  1  tiike  this 
As  loyal  duty  ;  but,  in  sny  other* 
It  would  sppear  g^aa  flattery. 

Froti.  FJaltery,  madam ! 
Yon  are  so  rare  and  exeellecit  m  all  (lan^'ft, 
And  imiied  ao  high  upon  a  rock  of  ^JotlneAs, 
Am  that  rice  cannot  r^ch  you*  ^  who  but  looks  on 
Tbi^  temple,  built  by  nature  to  perfection, 
Dut  mu»t  bow  to  it ;  and  out  of  that  seal, 
Not  only  leom  to  adore  it,  but  to  love  it  ? 

ifcfarc.  Whither  will  tliia  fellow  f  [iiicfe, 

J^rsit.  Pardonj.  therefore,  madam. 
If  an  excess  in  me  of  bumble  du^, 
Teach  me  to  hope,  and  though  it  be  not  in 
ITie  powtT  of  man  to  merit  such  a  bltiiaeing) 
My  pjvty,  for  it  in  more  than  love. 
May  find  reward. 

Mftrc,  You  have  il  in  my  thanks  ; 
And,  on  my  band,  I  fim  pleaudd  tbatyou  sbjill  Inkn 
A  full  [loiisesaion  of  it ;  hut,  take  ba^ 
That  you  fix  here,  and  feed  no  hope  beyocid  it ; 
If  yoo  do,  it  will  prove  ftital. 

Fran,  Be  it  deothp 
And  death  with  torments  tyrants  ne'er  found  out. 
Yet  I  must  say,  I  love  you^ 

Marc.  As  a  subject ; 
And  'twill  become  you, 

Frafu  Foreweli  circumstance ! 
And  sinci*  you  are  not  pleased  to  utider^timd  me, 
But  by  a  plain  and  usual  form  of  sp«ech ; 
Ali  superjstitioua  reverence  laid  by, 
I  love  you  as  n  man,  and,  as  a  man, 
I  would  enjoy  you.     Why  do  yuu  start,  and  fly  null 
I  am  no  monster,  and  you  but  a  womitUp 
A  woman  made  to  yield,  and  by  example 
Told  it  is  liwful :  favours  of  this  nature. 
Are,  in  our  tige,  no  miracles  in  the  greateat ; 
And,  therefore,  lady » 

Marc.  Keep  off,     O  yon  Powers  ! 

Libidinous  beast !  and,  add  to  that,  unthankful ! 

A  crime,  which  creatores  wanting  reason,  fly  from  ; 

Are  all  the  princely  bounties,  favoun,  honours. 

Which,  witn  some  prejudice  to  his  own  wisdom. 

Thy  lord  and  niij^r  bath  confi»rr'd  upon  thee, 

In  three  days  abi^ence  buried  }  Hath  he  made  thee, 

A  tiling  ob^rure,  almost  without  a  name, 

The  envy  of  ^reat  fortunes  ?     Hare  I  graced  thee, 

Beyond  thy  rank,  and  entertsin'd  tb«e,  as 

A  friend,  and  not  a  aervaut }  and  in  this, 

This  impudent  attempt  to  taint  mine  honoor, 

The  fair  return  of  both  our  vantuied  &Toa»l 

Frail.  Heor  my  excuse. 

Afarc.  The  devil  may  plead  mercy. 
And  witli  as  much  assurance,  as  thou  yield  one^ 
Bums  lust  so  hot  in  ihee  ?  or  is  thy  pride 
Grown  up  to  such  a  height,  that,  but  a  princess, 
No  woman  can  content  thee  ;  and,  »dd  to  it, 
His  wife  and  princc*ss.  to  whom  thou  art  tied 
In  all  the  bonds  of  duty  ? — Read  my  life, 
And  find  one  act  of  mme  so  loosely  c»rned^ 
lliat  could  invite  a  most  selMoving  fool, 

■  jiB  ihM  vjcsesBiuil  rtach  ptm  ;)  i.  r.  rtvttrry  -  ConrUf 
dfterft  lite  old  titpUr»  ken,  and  resdit  I  know  nut  for  wli«t 


Tkitt  vke  etn  Bfvrf  rmrh  jftmi 
Hi*  AdUlei  foUcw*  lijin,  ss  miimL 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN, 


[A^a 


Set  off  with  all  tliat  fortune  could  throw  on  him. 
To  the  least  hops  to  fiod  way  to  my  favour  f 
And.  whal^t  th«  wormt  miae'coeniiM  could  with  we, 
lU  be  thy  stnimpet. 

Fratu  'Tia  aciriowIed|(^t  mndiiiD, 
That  your  wliole  course  of  hie  hatlj  been  a  pattern 
For  cbaate  and  virtuous  wom*?ru     In  your  brauty^ 
Which  1  firat  aaw,  and  loved,  as  a  fair  erysutt, 
1  read  your  h««venly  mind,  clear  and  uiiuint«d  ; 
And  wliiW  the  duke  dHl  pnKe  you  to  your  valuer 
Could  It  hnw  been  in  man  to  pay  that  duty, 
I  Ht'll  mi'^ht  c^avy  bim,  hut  durat  oot  hope 
To  stop  vtju  in  your  full  esr«i»r  of  goodneaa : 
Btit  DOTv  I  find  that  ho'a  fairn  fromhia  fortiUM, 
And,  howtfopver  ho  would  appear  dodng, 
(iniwn  cold  in  hiif  aifectioa  ;  1  presume. 
From  hit  iDo«t  barbafoua  neglect  of  you, 
To  o  derm  J  true  senriee.     Nor  fttorid  I  bound, 
To  look  beck  oci  the  oourteaies  of  hirn, 
TImt,  of  til!  living  men,  is  most  unthtinkfuL 
Marc.  Uuljeara-of  impudeure  f 
Fran*  \'oull  Bay  I  am  modett, 
Wheu  I  have  told  the  acory-     Can  he  tax  »••  ^ 
ITiat  have  received  some  worldly  trifies  from  him. 
For  being'  uni^teftil ;  when  Im.  that  lirat  tasted. 
And  hath  bo  lon^  enjoy'd.  your  sweet  embracea, 
In  which  nil  blessinp^s  that  our  frail  condttion 
U  capable  of,  are  wholly  compTvht'ndini, 
As  cloy M  with  haiipine^fl,  contemns  the  ^iver 
Of  liis  felicity  t  and,  as  he  reach 'd  Dot 
Th*»  mu^terpiece  of  mischief  whirh  be  airai  at, 
Unkms  hi'  pay  tho.^e  lavourA  lie  Htauds  bound  to^ 
With  fell  and  deadly  hate'.  — Vou  think  he  bveit you 
With  iineiarapliMl  fervour  ;  rniy^  dotes  on  y»m, 
As  ther«  wen*  something  in  yot»  more  than  woman; 
^Vherip  on  my  knowlcdj^^e,  he  long  since  hath  wi<»h'd 
V'oM  were  nmoug  the  dead  y — and  1,  you  acoiii  so, 
Fer)iiijis,  ttm  your  preaerver* 

Marc.  J^fejis  nie«  ^ood  ■Dgela, 
Or  I  am  bhiJited  f  Liea  to  fiuae  and  wicked, 
And  laiihion'd  to  »o  dainnitblea  purpose, 
Cannot  be  spoken  by  a  human  toni^ae^ 
My  husband  hate  me  !  |pve  thyself  the  lie, 
Faiae  and  aecurs^d  f  Thy  soul,  if  thou  bast  any. 
Can  witness,  never  ludy  stood  so  bouud 
To  the  unfeigu'd  a0ection  of  her  lord, 
As  1  do  to  my  Sforsa.     If  ihou  would  At  work 
Upon  niy  wcok  credulity*  teli  roe,  rather. 
That  the  eortb  moves  ;  the  sun  and  stars  stand  itiO ; 
7  he  ocean  LeepA  nor  floods  nor  ebbs  ;  or  that 
There's  jwace  between  the  lion  and  th*i  lamb  ; 
Or  that  ilie  ravenous  eagle  and  the  dove 
Keep  in  one  aerie*,  and  bring  op  their  youn^  i 
Or  any  thing  that  is  averse  to  nature ; 
And  f  wUl  swmer  credit  it,  than  that 
My  lord  can  thusk  of  me,  butaa  a  jewel. 
He  loves  more  than  him*elf,  and  all  tlio  world. 

Fr«w.  O  mnocence  ad»u»ed  f  simplicity  coxen'd  I 
It  were  a  sin,  for  which  we  have  no  name, 
I'o  keep  yon  longer  in  tlits  wilful  error. 
Read   his  aifecuon  herv  ; — [Gittt  hfr  a  jMpfr*] — and 

ibftn  obsu&rre 
Kow  dear  he  holds  yon  !  'Tls  his  chamcler, 
W  hich  cunning  yet  oould  never  counterfeit. 


•  f>r  that  th*  rnttmmt  rofile  and  f*#  dvv* 

Jkfftt  fH  m%*  nvtw^  k.  e.  la  on«  neiL  Mr.  Mp  Mi*on 
dc£rAdr»  M«»^*ii]j$vr  unit  blin««>lf,  by  roKtiiif,  Kiyrp  tn  am§ 
ivUrv  I  i(ficlt  r»#h  nets,  intl  #uch  tncon«v«teDce,  it  Is  to  bt 
tioptrd,  i!o  nut  oiti'ti  nirvi  in  one  pti^oo. 


Msfr.  Tie  his  hand,  Tm  resolved*  of  it.     Tit  try 
What  the  inscriptioti  is. 
Fmn,  Pray  you,  do  so* 

Blafc  [reads.]  Ycu  kmm  m}f  pt^ture,  ^nd  tk$  kmr 
tf  Marcriia*§  dmth,  which  Jttil  not  to  ei^i^iU,  *t  iftm 
witl  dfiiiarr  lAs  cumtrvfry,  unl  with  ^^nr  hmd  d/«Me,  Wf 
tcith  iht  ruin  ef  your  whahJamUy.'  J»d  thU,  wtiotm 
with  mirtt  cum  hand^  and  $igmd  Ktth  my  prii^  tig^ti* 
thali  be  jftmr  iufficient  warrant. 

Looovioo  8vo«t4. 
I  do  obey  it ;  every  word's  a  poniard. 
And  reaches  to  my  heart.  [5JW  mmM 

Fran^  What  have  1  done  ^ 
Madam  !  for  heaven  a  sake,  madam  ! — O  my  fatef 
111  bend  her  body 4  :  this  is,  yet,  some  pleeanre  . 
Ill  Idas  her  into  a  new  life.     Dear  lady  * — 
She  stira.     For  the  duke's  sake,  for  Sfon&'s  sftke— 

Mar€.  Sforza's'    stand  off,  though  d«ed,   1  will 
he  hii. 
And  even  my  ashes  shall  abhor  the  touch. 
Of  any  other. — O  unkind,  and  cruel  1 
Learn,  women,  learu  to  trust  in  one  nnother  ; 
There  is  no  faith  in  man  :  Sfona  is  IjUm^ 
Falwto  IVJfircetia  ! 

Fvaiu  But  I  am  true, 
And  Uve  to  make  you  happy.     All  the  pomp, 
Slate,  and  observanct)  you  had,  hemg  hijk. 
Compared  to  wli:at  you  shall  enjoy,  when  bum. 
Shall  bn  no  more  remeoiber'd*     Loan  Itia  nsBMry* 
And  look  with  cheerful  beams  oo  yournew  creMitr^; 
And  know,  what  he  bath  plotted  for  your  good. 
Fate  cannot  alter.     Jf  the  emperor 
lake  not  his  life,  at  his  return  be  dies, 
And  by  my  hand ;  my  wife,  that  is  hie  heir, 
8h&ll  q|uickly  follow  : — then  we  reign  alone! 
For  with  this  arm  111  swim  througb  sens  of  blood. 
Or  make  a  bridge,  arch'd  with  the  bouea  of  me 
But  1  will  grasp  my  aims  in  you,  my  dearMi, 
Dearest,  and  best  of  women  |! 

Mure.  1  hou  art  a  villaia  ! 
All  attributes  of  archvillains  made  into  Que, 
Cannot  express  thee.     1  prefer  fbe  hate 
Of  Sforza   though  it  mark  me  for  the  grare. 
Before  thy  base  affection.  I  am  yet 
Pure  ai]d  unspotted  in  my  true  love  to  him  ; 
Nor  shall  it  be  corrupted,  though  he's  t&inted  : 
Nor  will  I  part  witli  innocence,  because 
He  IS  found  guilty.     For  thy«df,  thou  art 
A  tiling,  that,  eijuiil  with  the  devil  himaelf, 
1  do  delost  iind  scorn. 

Fra flu  Thou,  then,  art  nothing  : 


*  *fHM  Mm  hand,  Pm  molvcd  qfit,]      I  am  eonvl 

Ut  <K»  the  wofxl   h   rrcqttcnlljr  avpcl   l»y  M««»ti«Mir'>  < 

porjiri««.    Thu»  F1«ich«r.  in  th*  Fmthfui  TVjift#r^i 

**  Bill  he  they  (ai  fi^in  mc  wlUi  ibi-ir  Umd  Ivrritf  J 

I  SKI  Ttmtpi^i  *n>   (TltUtr  y«t  U  Irur.** 
Aeil  WvlMrr.  in  th^  H  kite  l^trit: 
**  I  am  matwd, 

Were  IIktc  a  M^on<l  p«r»iti«e  lo  lf>st, 
TbU  ri«vll  woaUl  lH*tr»y  ii," 
}  i*U  iK-ml  hrr  iHit*Ij(  i~Ti«  try  if  iker*  Iw  any  Ufa  la  i 
Tba»,  in  tV  .%taid§  Trrty^ti^ 

"  rvv  bratil,  it  ittrn*  iMr  anv  lifv.  but  hem 
Tbc  IhmIv  ibiu,  awJ  it  n'ill  *bow  Ii*r1i." 
}   infill  /  «pi»  fratp  mv  Slm*  In  )un,  my  4n»ff>«#^ 
lhar**t,  tmd miiwf'wmmm  f  1    It  wintlil  Mui<r«>lv  be  etm 
dlte<l,irwe  hMd  »"*  •»"•  m.-.i  h......  ...  .i  -.  ..  ,  .....V..^  ..., 

aQlm^ted  exprv 
M    M4M«n  »ImuI 

my  iinn»,  III  (be  !,.  .1,.    i  ...;     ; ,   ..*.,,.,       4.,.^,„,  . 

rvAilin^  i*  Piitipic   iHftiM-iiMr,  which  !■  brit#r  iMa  < 
■ophifllkaiMjtt,  Jia  ii  c»rii«»  Miapkkin, 


L\ 


THE  DUKK  OF  MILAN. 


73 


tfi$  is  in  my  povri^,  diadaiiiful  womaa  I 
oa't.  sod  Ireinhle. 
re  No,  though  thou  w^t  nofr 
ly  thy  haa^man'a  jjart. — ^Thou  well  maj'it  be 
ceeationar,  imd  art  only  (it 
Mk  «aiplaTii)«ttt ,  but  n«  er  hopo  to  hsve 
mat  g^niiaa  from  me.     1  wiil  never  ie«  thee, 
a  liie  abame  of  men  :  so,  with  my  corflca 
MTor  to  tliy  conscience  in  this  life. 
Mans  in  hell  hi^reaftftr,  I  spit  at  thee  ; 
making  hodle  to  midce  my  peace  with  heaTeiii 
Dt  tbee  as  my  haogman.  [£xj|. 


Fnsft,  I  am  lost 
In  UiH  discovery  of  this  (iital  aeeret. 
Curs'll    hope,  that   flattered  me*  tbit  wroiiga  oouM 

makti  lier 
A  straiif^er  to  hpT  g^oodness  !  all  my  plots 
Turn  back  upnn  mys«lf ;  but  I  urn  in. 
And  mu4t  en  on  :  and,  since  1  have  put  off 
From  thtj  sliore  ofiimooeiioe,  pjuiU  be  now  ray  pilol ! 
Reveiit;^  tiriit   wrought   me*;  murder's    hia    twin- 
brother  : 
One  deadly  sia,  then,  help  to  cure  fiaoihef  ;       [Eiit, 


ACT  III. 


I*. — Ths  Im pedal  Camp.  B^/br*  Pavia. 
E-ntfT  M£i>tK^,  Hranamdo,  afid  ALPiioitso, 

iL  The  spoil,  the  ipoil  T  'tis  that  the  soldier 

ights  for. 

rictorv,  as  yet,  affordsi  os  nothingf 

rouuils  and  empty  honour^     Wt<  have  passed 

iftxard  of  a  dri*»dfu{  day,  and  forced 

mge  with  our  swords  through  all  the  dangers 

p«gtf-Ulre,  wait  on  the  success  of  war  ; 
now  exp«%t  reward* 
rn.  Hell  put  it  in 

meoiy's  mind  to  be  desi>erate,  and  hold  out ! 
ioigs  and  compositions  will  undo  us; 
w^t  is  that  way  ^iven.  for  the  most  port, 
»  to  tbff  eotperor^i  coSers,  to  defmy 
^arge  ftf  the  great  action,  as  'tis  mmotirM  ; 
1,  mually,   tome  thing  in  grace,    that  iie*er 
beard 

»uQon's  roarinfi^  tongue,  but  at  a  Critimphr 
in,  and  for  hi^i  intercession  shares 
usl  we  fought  for  ;  the  poor  soldier  left 
arre,  or  fill  up  hospitals. 
tk.  But,  when 

oter  towns  by  force,  and  carve  ourselves, 
ure  with  pillage,  and  the  richest  wines, 

OQr  ahrunk-tfp  veins,  and  pour  into  them 

blood  and  fervour 

sL  1  long  Co  be  at  it ; 

Mr  ibeee  chuffs*,  that  every  day  may  spend 

dier's  entertainment  for  a  yvvr, 

naliB  a  third  meal  of  a  buueh  of  raisinsf  ; 


W  am  tkemt  cJinll*,]  8«  U  rttwid  in  cTery  e*liiiofj  bi-r*fr« 
f.  If<«i<fi'»,  whro  It  wj*»  .ilttrnil  lu  v hough t,  ^w\  th 
d  is  «  Diitv^  ui  ijiv^n  mat/pir»  f     Wbjit   mMff^iicf  coaUl 

t  llbi>iii;Kf  Al  nil  on  rUe  viibjrti.  ri>  rJi^CMVer.  The  tnttb 
i  dhi^li  lh«  evuniDc  wurd  :  it  ia  4lw4>t  ascd  iti  «  bud 
aad  raesDt  t  r.u*nit  URmaiiiM:redck»wn,al  oncviorflid 

rt  maki-  a  tliSri  m^al  of  a  hunch  ^raitins  -l  So  all  th* 

'  I    r;   but   Mr.  M.  M«jkitj. 

<  u-d  thv  |,to<-r»  btoir'Irr, 

:.  .   pnMvii^  thin,     **lbi- 

;«/'«juiJtit  In,  "   i  <  rroni^iitii  :  the  ii»«VJii]p[ 

d  mtmi  ol  r«isia  .  two  gixjtl  jnenl^  b*  ore, 

be  no  proorof  j**  i  |  ihrtrrotc  re.«d  thn" 

Umaiy,  ws*  ever  ■Jtrration  *«►  capririouA,  was  vver  rt»- 

;  M>  mbamrd  t    Wbvre  li  It  nid  thji  rbe*«  ehnifa  "  bad 

iwv  good  laesla  btton  1**    U  not  ibv  wliulc  lernl.  orj 

»  speech  to  thtm  that  ihvy  «Utv«Nl  ilu  iii!m  Iviv  Ut  ti  c 

4tif«taa(l«oce  f  and  are  not  tlie  rcprn«rht  i  «uch,  *f  It^ve 

Ea«,  ia  sU  «{«,  hy  m^n  of  Alediiu*  •t4iiip,  on  the 


These  spongOT,  thst  suck  up  a  kingdom's  lat. 
Battening  like  scsnibs  t  in  tlie  dun^  of  peace. 
To  be  squeesed  out  by  ih#  tough  hand  of  war ; 
And  all  that  their  whale  ltve&  have  heaped  together  \ 
By  coienage,  perjury,  or  sordid  thrift, 
With  one  grifw  to  lie  ravish'd. 

Hern,   i  would  be  touiing 
Their  fair  mniloims,  that  in  little  dogs, 
^lonkeyst  and  pnra<|uittoB,  consume  thousands: 
Wt,  for  the  advancement  of  a  noble  action, 
Rppine  to  part  with  a  poor  piece  of  eig-ht : 
War's  plague*)  upon  them  I  1  have  seen  them  stop 
Their  scornful  noses  first,  then  seem  to  swoon, 
At  sig^lit  of  a  buf  jerkin,  if  it  were  not 
Perfumed,  and  hid  with  gold  :  yet  these  nice  wontona, 
Spurr'd  on  by  luint,  covered  in  some  diseruiser 
To  meet  some  rough  court-stallion,  and  be  leap'd 
Durst  enter  into  any  common  brothel, 
ThoujB^h  all  varieties  of  stink  couleud  there  ^ 
Yet  pmiAC  the  etitertainmcnt, 

Mfd.   I  may  live 
To  see  the  tjitter'd'at  rascals  of  my  temp 
Dmg  tlii*m  out  of  their  closeta  with  a  vengeance; 
When  neither  threalenitig,  flattering,  kneeling,  how- 
ling* 
Can  ransome  one  poor  jewel,  or  redeem 
Thpmselves,  from  their  bluiit  wooiug. 

Hern.  My  main  hope  is. 
To  he^nn  the  sport  at  Milan  :  there's  enough, 
And  of  all  kinds  of  pleasure  we  can  wish  for. 
To  sntijij^  the  most  covetotxs. 

Aiph.  Every  tlay, 
We  look  for  a  remove. 

Med.  For  IxKlowick  Sforaa, 
The  duke  ol'  Mihm,  I,  on  mine  own  knowledge> 


fCfber   and   rrsgtl  ejilfien,   who    livrd   within   kU   Income  1 

*•  8«irJy;"  «»y>  iMoiwvH,  \n  thettty  Match, 
"  Sutil)',  inytilr, 

Cli'hvr  bit  ftrtor,  and  an  ancient  cxt, 
DM  Icrrijt  fftrln  ilkl,  h  id  our  Spanbb  fare, 
Koar  oJivc*  araun^  tbrpir  1     M)  uncle  woald 
Liii'k  r;it  Mill}  friitlng;  I  h*%'r  known  him  turfelt 
I  pan  a  busu?h  qf  ritinnBt  »wuoii  >t  aigbt 
Or  a  wli«k  j  ok  lit,  Mhd  riBC  an  vpictire 
From  half  an  (.range." 
*  Rfwngt^  Jfni  wrm*yht  me,  Sec]    The  rradrr  thtmld  not 

•nffi-r  Ibcae  hlm»,  of  wbicti  he  will   find   Mrvenii   *n  the  tnc- 

cL'fdine  page«,  U*  eftcttx*  him :  they   are  ik>(   Ihruwi)  out  at 

iHUriuiM  by  Mawiniier,  but  Intvudrd  t©  prepare  the  oiliodl  for 

the  (Ircxdrul  retalUliun  whirh  fc»[luw». 
r    /tattcninff  like  le^nbtj     Scardbt   meant   heellet.     M* 

Ma  SUM.     Very  true;  and  beetJei  meiuta  ■ca.rabsl 


74 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


[Act  tir. 


Cnii  aay  thus  much  •   he  is  too  much  a  Hohlicr. 
Too  confident  of  his  own  worth,  too  rich  too* 
And  understaoda  too  weD  tlie  emperor  hat«a  binip 
To  hope  for  composition. 

Aiph,  On  mv  met 
We  ne«d  not  ^ear  hie  doming  in  *. 

Hem*  On  mine, 
I  do  not  wish  it :  I  held  mthvr  that. 
To  shew  hia  valour,  be'd  put  us  to  the  trouble 
To  f-ptch  him  in  by  the  mn. 

MetL  The  emperon 

Fkmriik,     Enter  CiMnLrs,  Vtst'Knx.  ttftd  Attendniilf* 

Chart  Vou   malte    roe    wonder: — niiy,   il    ia   no 
counsfiltt 
YoQ  mny  tArtake  it,  gtintlemen :  who*dbeve  tbo^iglit. 
That  he,  that  scorn *d  our  profTer'd  umity 
Whfln  he  was  sued  to,  shouhl.  vtv  !u!  h**   aiimm<>n.M 
AVLether  persuaded  to  it  by  ha-^e  feiir, 
Or  flatter'd  by  false  hope,  which^  'tia  uncertain,) 
First  kneel  Tor  merry  ? 

MM.  When  your  majesty 
ShiilJ  please  to  iniitnjct  us  who  it  i»,  we  may 
Admirt"  it  with  v<^t» 

Vliort.  Who.  I>tit  the  duke  of  ]VIilan, 
The  ri[3;ht  brand  of  the  French !  of  all  that  stand 
In  OUT  di^pleouune,  whom  necessity 
Compels  to  sflek  our  favour,  1  would  have  sworn 
Bforxa  had  been  the  lasL 

Hffm.  And  shouM  be  writ  ao, 
In  the  list  of  those  you  pardon.     Would  his  ci(y 
Had  rather  held  us  out  a  siej,^©,  like  Troy, 
Than,  by  a  feig:n*d  aubmiaaion,  he  .should  eheot  you 
Of  a  just  revenue  ;  or  us,  of  those  fair  (glories 
We  have  aweat  blood  to  purchase  I 

Mfd.  With  your  hooour 
You  cannot  henr  him. 

Alftiu  The  sack  alone  of  Milan 
Will  ]mv  thif  amiy. 

Charf,  I  am  not  so  weak, 
To  bft  wrought  on.  as  you  fear;  nor  ignorant 
That  money  is  iho  sinew  of  the  war  : 
And  on  what  tfnua  soever  be  seek  pence, 
'Tis  in  our  power  to  ^rant  it,  or  deny  it : 
Yet,  for  our  plory»  and  to  shew  him  that 
We*ve  brought  him  on  his  knees,  it  is  resolved 
To  hear  him  as  a  suppliant,     Brin^  bim  in  ; 
Bui  let  him  see  the  effects  of  ourjust  anger. 
In  tJje  guard  that  you  make  for  him. 

[Eri*  Peseariu 

ihnt.  I  am  now 
Familiar  with  the  issue ;  all  plagues  on  it  I 
He  will  appear  in  some  dejected  habit, 
His  countwnanee  suitable,  and,  for  bis  or«ler, 
A  rope  about  bis  npck  ;  then  kneel,  and  tell 
Old  stories,  what  a  wortliy  thin^  it  is 
T'O  have  power,  and  not  to  use  it  ^  then  add  to  that, 
I  II  A  tnle  of  king  Tifpimes,  and  great  Pompey, 

Who  said,  forsooth,  and  wisely !  'Twas  nmro  honour 
To  make  a  king,  than  kill  one  ;  which,  applied 
To  Cbe  emperor,  and  himself,  a  pardon  &  {^ranted 
To  him,  an  enemy ;  and  we,  hia  aamnta. 
Condemned  to  beggary. 

•        AlpK.  On  my  life 

Wt  nfed  not  fear  hit  C0tnin%  \n,\  His  furrrnder  &i  binutetr. 
H«maiKl(i,  hi  the  nv%i  eptech,  playa  iipoit  th«  vvonl, 

T ^iUt  ii  i*  iw>  cuun»cl,J    i.  c.  no  Mrcrrt :    to 

ia  €ypM>  Jlfvenat* : 

** 1  ifVould  worry  hcf, 

A I  nfvtt  cur  wtt  wurrird,  I  itoutd,  net  j^b  hour. 

Till  iii>  U'clii  met  1  Imgw  wh^tv ;  tiut  iliJit  i«  cvummL** 


Mt(L  Yonder  he  comes  ; 
But  not  OS  you  eipected. 

Rt-mter  Pescsra  with  Sfohsa. 

Alph*  He  looks  as  if 
He  would  out  face  his  dmngersu 

iienu  I  am  co«en*d  : 
A  auitor,  in  the  devil*s  name ! 

Mtd*  Hear  him  speak. 

Sj'ar,  I  come  not,  em|»eror,  to  invade  iby  m#fi 
By  fawning  on  thy  fortune  ;  nor  brin^  with  me 
Excuses,  or  denials.     I  profpss. 
And  with  a  good  man*!i  confidence,  even  this  msmnt 
That  1  am  in  thy  power,  I  was  thine  eoetny ; 
Thy  deadly  and  vow  *d  enemy  ;  one  that  wished 
Confuaion  to  thy  person  and  estates ; 
And  with  my  utmost  powers,  and  deoj>ft§t  C'OUfi««)«, 
Hrtd  they  been  tnilv  folluwM,  furtliHrM  ir. 
Nor  will  I  now,  akbouf^h  my  neck  were  under 
The  hangman's  axe,  with  one  poor  syllable 
Confess,  but  that  I  honoiir'd  the  t'rench  king, 
niore  than  thyself,  and  all  meu, 

Med*  By  saint  Jaque^, 
This  b  ao  flaUery 

Hem,  There  is  fire  and  spirit  m*t  i 
But  not  long-lived,  I  hope. 

Sj^pr*  Now  give  me  leave, 
My  bate  against  thyself,  and  love  to  him 
Freely  acknowledged,  to  give  np  tiie  rt-jtsoc»s 
That  made  me  so  affected  :   In  my  witut^ 
]  ever  found  him  faithful  ;  bad  supplies 
Of  men  and  monies  from  him ;  and  my  hoftea, 
Quite  sunk,  were,  by  his  grace,  UuOy'd  up  a^^in  : 
He  WBs,  indeed,  to  me,  as  my  good  angel. 
To  guard  me  from  all  dungers.     I  dare  ap«^. 
Nay,  must  and  will,  his  praise  now,  in  as  hijgb 
And  loud  a  key,  as  when  be  waa  thy  equaL 
The  benefits  he  aow'd  in  me,  met  not 
Unthankful  ground,  hut  yielded  him  his  own 
With  fair  increase,  and  I  still  glory  in  it* 
And,  thoucjh  my  fortunes,  poor,  compared  to  his. 
And  Milan,  weigh'd  with  France,  appear  as  nothing,  J 
Ape  in  thy  fury  burnt,  let  it  be  mention'd,  ■ 

I'hey  aer'red  but  as  smoll  tapers  to  attend 
The  solemn  flame  at  this  great  funeral  •  : 
And  with  them  1  will  gladly  wawte  myself, 
Rnther  than  undergo  the  imputation 
Of  being  base,  or  untliankfuL 

Alph,  Nobly  spoken! 

Hem,  1  do  begin,  I  know  not  why,  to  hate  ium 
Less  than  I  did. 

Sf (ir.  If  tljat,  then,  to  be  grateful 
For  courtesies  received,  or  not  to  leave 
A  friend  in  his  necessities,  be  a  crime 
Amongst  you  Spaniards,  which  other  nations 
That,  bke  you,  aim'd  at  empire, loved,  and  chi*risli*d  | 
Where'er  ihey  found  it,  Sforaa  brings  bia  bead 
To  pay  the  forfeit.     Nor  come  I  as  a  slave, 
Pinioned  and  fettered,  in  a  squalid  weed. 
Falling  before  thy  feet,  knet'ling  and  howling. 
For  a  forestaird  reniissi.on  :  that  were  |j«DOr, 
And  would  hut  shame  thy  victory  ;  for  conquMl 
Over  base  foes,  ia  a  captivity. 
And  not  a  triumph.     1  ne*er  fear'd  to  die. 
Mare  than  I  wi!^h\l  to  live.     When  I  bad  reacb'd 
aiy  end*  in  being  a  duke,  1  wore  these  robes. 


•  ^-^i/lhl*  ffrmifiMtrai.\    Mr.  If.  Maxm. 

whether  by  design  or  nut,  I  ihW  ata  9«y.  rrada,  hit  prmf 
Jimeral :  mesDlaK,  perhsp»,  lb*  Fff  ach  kli»5*«  i  1m»i  thr  *M 
rtadinfL  is  bcUcr  in  every  rrsprtrt. 


^  SilEKi  L] 


THE  DUKE  OP  MILAN. 


75 


f 


TbU  CTOWB  upon  my  bead,  and  to  my  ad« 

Til  is  sword  wns  gin  ^  and  witness  truth,  that,  now 

*Tia  in  aaother's  power  when  1  ahall  part 

With  them  and  life  together,  Vm  the  aame  : 

Mjr  reins  then  did  not  swell  with  pride  ;  nor  now 

Shrink  thvy  for  fear.     Know,  sir,  that  Sforza  stiinds 

Ptepored  for  eitJier  fortune. 

Hern.  As  I  Lire, 
I  do  h«gin  strangely  to  tore  this  fellow  ; 
And  could  part  with  three  quarters  of  my  share  in 
T1i«  promised  spoils  to  aare  him. 

S/or,  But,  if  example 
Of  my  fidelitv  to  the  French,  whose  honours, 
Titles,  and  gtoriea,  are  now  mix'd  with  yours, 
A  a  brooks,  devoured  by  rirors,  lose  their  names. 
Has  power  to  inrite  you  to  make  him  a  friend. 
That  haih  given  eridient  proof,  he  knows  to  tore. 
And  to  be  thankful ;  this  my  crown,  now  yours, 
Voti  may  mtore  me»  and  m  me  instruct      [change, 
Tli«ae   Sfare    commanders,    should    your   fortune 
Which  now  I  i^'ish  not,  what  they  rosy  expect 
From  noble  enemies,  for  being  faithfuL 
Th«  charges  of  the  war  I  will  defray^ 
And,  what  you  may,  not  without  hazard,  force, 
Bring  freely  to  vou :  I'll  prevent  the  criea 
Of  murder'd  in/ants,  and  of  raviitb'd  maid  a, 
Which,  in  a  city  aack'd,  call  on  heaven's  justice, 
And  atop  the  courae  of  glorious  victories : 
And,  when  I  know  the  captains  and  die  soldiers. 
That  liare  in  the  late  battle  done  be^t  service, 
And  are  to  be  rewarded,  I  myself, 
A  i   ording  to  their  oualily  and  merits, 
\\  ill  see  them  largely  reeompenaed^^I  have  said, 
And  now  expect  laj  aentence. 

Alp/u  By  this  light, 
Tis  a  brave  gentleman. 

Med.  How  tike  a  block 
The  emperor  sits ! 

Henu  He  hath  delivered  reasons  •, 
Especially  in  bis  purpos4>  to  enrich 
Sach  ai  fought  bravely,  I  myself  aai  one, 

1  eare  not  wtio  knows  it,  as  I  wonder  thai 
He  can  be  lo  stupid.     Now  he  begins  to  stir : 
Mercy,  an't  be  thy  wilt ! 

Chart  Thou  hast  ao  far 
Outgone  flDT  eapectalion,  noble  Sforra, 
For  auoh  1  imld  thee  ;<— end  tme  constancy, 
Raised  on  a  brave  foundation.  bear»  such  patm 
And  privilege  with  it,  that  where  we  hi>hDld  it. 
Though  in  an  enemy,  it  does  command  na 
To  lore  and  honour  it.     By  my  future  hopes, 

2  am  glad,  for  thy  aake,  that,  in  s«t*king  lavour, 
TlkNi  didst  not  Mrrow  of  vla^  her  indirect, 
Crooked,  and  abject  means  ;  and  for  mine  own. 
That  since  my  purposes  must  now  be  changed, 
ToQchjng  thy  life  and  fortunes,  the  world  cmiuot 
Tax  me  of  leviry  in  my  settled  counwls  ; 

I  being  neither  wrouglu  by  tempting  bribes, 
Nor  servile  fiattt^y  \  but  force«l  into  it 
By  a  &ir  war  of  virtue. 


*  Hi  kaik  ddkKT^d  n*M9K)  U^niiiido  «vid«i)ily  neaw 
lo  «7  th4t  8l«rts  tiM  »pokca  ritloBslly,  «tp«ci«lly  la  eX' 
prrMJiif  kit  perpoM  of  coricliin^  tlXMc  who  rtJfiKiii  brif  «ty  : 
tlM  wonl  rmmmt  in  ibc  plnraJ  wiU  out  exurcw  IImI  Avnac. 
M.  Masoji. 

li«  tbcrclart  tlten  It  rn  rratott  f  Tn  adernpt  to  prctve  ttiat 
tla«  «ld  copifti  *r«  ftifltt.  wmoM  hcMjpvrflouui :— but  I  caiiOMl 
reflect*  wilhAol  ivme  m^li^iiaticm,  un  the  »randAlucis  niaonrr 

4le^f«B  it  «ir  metfe  and  *cjaiic,«Dil  Utiiii  buildt  up  new  rasd- 
Iftfi  06  hltoina  biuoden. 


H^m.  This  sounds  wall. 


r  pasaages  ( 
I  arms  1  me 


For  diua  with  open  anna  f  meet  thy  love, 
And  as  a  friend  embrace  it ;  and  so  fur 
I  atu  from  robbing  thee  of  the  letist  hooour, 
That  with  my  hands,  to  make  it  ait  the  faster, 
I  set  thy  crown  once  more  upon  thy  head ; 
And  do  not  only  style  thee,  Duke  of  Alilan, 
But  vow  to  Iceep  tl^  so.     Yet.  nor  to  take 
From  others  to  give  only  to  mysflf  •, 
I  vrill  not  hinder  your  ma'iniSrpnce 
To  my  commanders,  ti either  will  I  urge  it ; 
But  in  ibat,  as  in  all  things  eke,  1  leave  }ou 
To  be  your  own  diaptjaer , 

[F^rtsA.  ErU  with  AttendanU^ 

5fer.  May  I  live 
To  seal  my  loyalty,  though  with  loss  of  life, 
In  some  brave  service  worthy  C,TBar*s  favour, 
And  I  shall  die  most  happy  !  GpntlfOien, 
Receive  m©  to  your  lores  ;  and  if  bence forth 
There  can  arise  a  difference  between  ua. 
It  shall  be  in  a  noble  emulation 
Who  bath  the  fairest  sword,  or  dare  go  farthest. 
To  Bgfat  for  Cherles  the  tiinperor. 

Hem.  We  embrace  you. 
As  one  well  read  in  all  the  points  of  honour : 
And  there  we  are  your  scholars. 

'^JifT,  True  ;  but  auch 
As  far  outstrip  the  master.     Well  contend 
In  love  hereafter  j  in  the  mean  timH,  pray  you. 
Let  me  discbarge  my  debl,  and,  a*  an  eameat 
Of  wbat'a  lo  come,  divide  this  cabinet: 
In  the  small  body  of  it  there  are  jewels 
Will  vield  a  hun(lred  thousand  piatolets» 
WhicK  honour  me  to  receive* 

Med,  You  bind  us  to  yon.  fhis  presence, 

Sf'or^  And  when  great  Charles  commantJs  roe  to 
If  you  will  please  to  excuse  my  abrupt  departure, 
Designs  that  most  concern  me,  next  this  mercy, 
Calling  me  home,  I  sball  hereafter  meet  you. 
And  gratify  the  favour* 

Horn,  In  this,  and  all  things, 
We  are  your  Bervants. 

Sf<fr.  A  name  1  ever  owe  yon. 

[Eieunt  Medinttt  Htnwndo,  and  Alphomok 

Pesc.  So,  air  ;  this  tempest  is  well  overblown. 
And  all  things  fall  out  to  our  wUhes :  but, 
In  my  opinion,  this  quick  return. 
Before  you're  mode  a  party  in  the  court 
Among  the  great  ones*  (for  these  needy  captains 
Have  little  power  in  peace,)  may  beget  danger, 
At  least  suspicion. 

S/ttT,  Where  true  bonour  lives, 
Doubt  hath  no  being  :   I  desire  no  pawn 
Beyond  an  emperor's  word,  for  my  aaeunmce. 
Besides,  Peacora,  to  thyself,  of  all  men, 
1  will  confess  my  weakness : — though  my  stole 
And  crown's  restored  me,  though  1  am  in  grace. 
And  that  u  little  stay  might  be  a  step 
To  greater  honours,  I  must  hence.     Alaa  ! 
I  live  not  here  ;  my  wife,  my  wife  Pescaraf, 


-YW,  Hot  to  tahti 


From  othera,  to  jfive  vnty  to  in>*clf,J  ThSd  l«  \he  rmding 
of  nil  ihe  uld  iMLipit»>,  nnd  nulliinif  cud  be  clearer  ih^u  llitt  ll 
la  perfectly  proper.  Tbc  rutMlrm  cdilor*,  huwtfvCT,  c]iioo«e 
lo  w«4kt'a  boUi  tUc  »tDK  and  (he  fcntimctit,  b^  a  cuDccil  oi 
ibeir  own  :  tb«y  priiii,- -toifiteonl^to  lh)»«lfl 

r mp  wiff,  my  wVe,  Pfmutra^]  Mr.  M.  Maton 

feebly  aiut  uDinetrically  reaiJi, mff  w^ftt  PcMCara*   Tbere 

ft  p-€jt  beiuiy  in  tite  repclitioo ;  it  U,  besldet,  perfectly  la 
cJivncicr. 


k 


T6 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILABT. 


[Act  m. 


Being  absent,  I  am  d^d.     Pritbee,  exciiM» 
And  do  Qot  cbidf",  Tor  friendship's  ssk^,  my  fbadneu, 
^Qt  ridn  Hloug  with  ma ;  I'll  (pre  you  reuoiu» 
And  strong  ohm,  to  ptimd  fof  me. 

PgMc.  Use  your  own  pleasure  ; 
I'U  bear  vou  company, 

Sfhr,  farewell,  ^pief !  I  ani  stonsl  wiib 
Two  blessings  most  d:f4j«ti«trl  m  liuniaii  life, 
AcoixfltftDt  friend,  an  unsuj^wcl^d  wife,         \_Ejeuni, 


SCENE    U,—Mitan.—A  Roam  in  the  CoMtle*, 
Enter  an  Officer  uHth  Graccho. 

Offie.  What  I  did,  I  had  warrant  for;  you  haF© 
tiwted 
My  oflici^  gentry,  and  for  those  loft  strokes, 
Flea-bilings  to  the  jerks  I  could  have  tent  you, 
Tbere  doea  belong  a  feeling. 

Grue,  Must  I  pay 
For  being  tormented,  and  diahonourM  I 

Offie,  l-le  ?  no,  [out 

Your  honour's  not  impair'd  in*t.     What'a  the  letting 
Of  a  little  corrupt  blo*i*lt ,  and  the  up* t  way  too  \ 
There  b  no  auri^eon  like  me,  to  t«ike  ofi* 
A  courtier's  itcli  tliat'H  rampant  at  grvot  ladies, 
Or  turnn  knave  for  prefenni^nt,  or  grow^ii  pruud 
Of  hid  rich  cluuks  and  JuittSp  though  gut  by  hrokage, 
And  so  forgets  his  betters, 

Grae.  \'ery  good,  sir : 
Dut  am  [  the  ftrst  man  of  quality 
That  e  er  came  under  your  fingera  ? 

D/^V.   Not  by  a  tlioysand  ; 
And  they  have  Koid  1  hsve  a  lucky  hand  too  : 
iioth  men  and  women  of  all  »orL3  have  bow'd 
Under  tliis  sceptre.     I  Iiaire  had  a  feltow 
That  could  endite,  forsooth,  and  make  fine  metrei 
To  liokle  in  the  ears  of  ignonint  madams, 
That,  for  defaming  of  great  roen,  w  a«  iwnt  me 
l*hrt;adbare  and  Iou*v,  and  in  three  diiys  after, 
Discharged  by  another  Uiat  set  him  on,  1  ha  ire  seen 
Cap  a  pie  gallant,  and  hia  stripes  wash'd  off      [btm 
With  oil  of  angels4 

Gnjf,  Twas  a  aovereign  cure. 

Offic,  There  was  a  sectary  too,  that  wouJd  not  be 
Confornmblo  to  the  orders  of  the  churcli, 
Nor  yield  to  any  orgument  of  reason. 
But  still  rail  at  authority,  brought  to  me. 
When  I  had  wormed  his  tongue,  and  tnuu*d  hia 

haunches. 
Grew  a  fine  pul pitman,  and  waa  beneficed : 
Had  be  not  rause  to  thtmk  me  ? 

Grat.  There  waa  pfayalo 
Waa  to  the  pufnoae* 

OJfie.  Now,  for  women «  air, 
For  your  more  consolation,  1  could  tell  you 
I'wenty  fine  stories,  but  I'll  end  in  one, 
And  'tis  the  last  tlist'a  memorable. 

Gmc,  Prithee,  do ; 
For  I  grow  weary  of  thee. 


*  Milan.  A  Room  in  the  CoMtfe,]  Here  ttio  CoKctrr  puaU, 
**  Boom  eham§tt  to  Pimf*  tnA  hcr«  too  he*  It  followed  by 
Ihv  **mMt  sccorcir  ofcilMon,*'  Mr.  M.  Mii»oq. 

f  0/a  iiltU  cornint  blood,]  Ik)  ihv  nid  copiei ;  Ibe  mod  em 
edUun  rvMt\,  Of  a  Utttt  cumipled  hhod^  Tbi«  rrdiice*  ifae 
Hac  tu  very  eood  ytot/tt  whleh  is  lodi-td  lt»  only  mrril. 

I  W^ith  oH  of  angeli.]  It  may  be  Ja«t  Dccesnry  to  nbverve, 
Ibtt  thii  l«  «  pleaaiDl  allH»bn  to  lliv  (old  coin  of  Ibai  nsme. 


Offic.  There  was  lately* 
A  fine  abe- waiter  in  the  court,  that  doled 
Extresbely  of  a  gentleman,  that  had 
fits  miiiii  dependence  on  a  signior's  faTOur 
r  will  not  name,  but  could  not  compaaa  him 
On  any  term 9.     1  hta  wmatoo  at  de«d  midniglit, 
W'aHi  tcmnd  at  the  m:«rcise  behind  the  ama, 
W'nh  the  'foresaid  signiur :  be  got  clear  oC 
liut  she  was  seized  un,  and,  to  sare  liia  bt>aoai« 
Endured  the  lasb  ;  and,  though  1  made  her  ofteo 
C'urvet  and  caper,  ahe  would  never  tell 
Who  play'd  at  pushpin  with  ber. 

Grac,  But  what  followed  T 
Prithee  be  brief. 

Offic,  \\hv  this,  air  :  She,  delivered. 
Had  store  of' crowns  aasign'  ber  by  her  patron, 
Who  forced  the  genttemiui,  to  tave  her  credit, 
To  marry  hir,  and  sar  be  wi«i  the  party 
Foynd  in  lob's  {lound  ;  «y  she,  that,  before,  gladly 
Would   have  been  his  whore,  reigna  o'er  htm  aa  bis 

wife ; 
Nor  darea  be  grumble  at  it    Speak  bat  trulh,  tban. 
Is  not  iny  office  lucky  ? 

Grac»  Go,  there's  for  thee  \ 
But  what  will  be  my  fortune  ? 

Offic  If  you  thrive  not 
After  that  soft  correction,  come  again. 

Grac,  I  thank  you,  knave. 

Offic,  And  tlien,  knave,  I  will  fityoa.  [Eiit. 

Gruc.  W hip t  tike  a  rogue!  no  lighter  puniabment 
serve 
To  balance  with  a  little  mirth  :  *t  is  welL 
My  credit  sunk  for  ever,  1  am  now 
Fit  company  only  for  pages  and  for  footboys. 
That  have  perused  the  porter 'a  lodgef. 

F.ntir  Jvuo  <tnd  GtovANie4, 

Giov.  See,  Julio, 
Yonder  the  proud  slaTe  is ;  how  he  looka  oofr, 
Al^er  his  casli^^tion  I 

Jul.  As  he  came 
From  a  dose  jigbt^  at  sea  under  the  hatches. 
With  a  ahe> Dunkirk,  that  was  abot  before 


•  Offie,  7'Aereica#fa/ff|r,&c.''  1  t>«*r  KftW  d<>ulv(  bin  ihAl 
Ihia  tivtlv  ulury  Wii»  Toiiodrd  km  r«ct,iin'1  i»cli  uintrnifiH/d  bj 
t  M  <:oiitfiiipunirle>fl.     I'he  courtier*  were  n 


the   ipoet  I 


Hint  tkiiM  lia 


imdt'umlrying  iliimMlvei  for  ihr  niomse  and  ||o«(ni|i  hotn 
wliicli  tlit^y  had  yABBtd  iXunng  tlir  XtM  iwt»  «r  tarce  frtn  of 
KlisMbetb  ;  und  Thv  co<iir»r  %in\  Inetrfmol  manaen  of  JefMa* 
wtibrh  bordererl  closrly  od  UceiilJi''jU*n«»*,  sffdnled  llniai 
kin  (lie  upp^rluoifiea. 

It  {«  •candy  ncceii«ary  lo  inform  tbe  reader,  tkml  wtifr- 
ever  our  old  drammhls  laid  the  vcene  u/  thirkt  pl*J*>  "'>* 
)i«biti  end  munntrsof  lh<;m  tre,  cej»craU>  •petklns,  afttraty 
EnfUih  as  tlii«  laneaagr^ 

t  Fit  company  JOT  paget  attdjor/bolhofo. 

That  have  prrvard  thr  purier'i  iod^^c]  t  e,  rb4f  kt*« 
been  wlilpi  there.  The  p<»rtfr*»  l«»dE4?t  l"  ofir  <niJ*<*r'ii  dny*, 
vtXifn  th«  gresi  <>laluii*dt  and,  iiidpt'l    ->  ?  -i,    r«>rriaMl, 

Ibe  riKbl  of  eha.»li«liijr  their  flervntiT-  <-tl  plm<±  of 

pnniBhtnenl.     Thns  Sliirley,  in  the  <  .inJt  .'^  - 

''My  fHcnd,  whiit  makt'  you  here  f  i»<  ^<mii  ,  D^jFun*-,  |  My  : 
—  t berc  li  a.  porfar^i  lodfft  el»c,  wfei«re  ycua  may  Mv*  dM 
cliasii  lament." 

I  fW/cr  Julio  <rn<l  GtoVAKFcil  Tt«i«  hat  Wen  liUkrrte 
prloted,  Enter  ht^  (wmttr*nm^  ihoMfjh  •»!»«  *>f  Iheia  b  fwne' 
oiilety  named.  Not  to  multiply  chiir<irltrr»  Btiiirevacarily,  I 
bav«  inpptHied  ihcfii  tube  flic  tame  tliat  appear  wlib  Gfacdba, 
ia  ihe  Qrii  -cent'  of  the  Ar«t  act. 

$  iuK  At  he  came 

FVom  a  rfntr  Jfjfht,  Sic)  Our  old  p«>Hii  m*de  *erf  fN* 
mUb  nne  artc'thcr'*  [ir*<perly  t  it  iiii»»t  bt-  confrvtr'ifliowr^rf, 
tliAt  their  literary  laplne  diJ  mA  uiiuloAtt'  in  uovvfty,  9or 
they  g*vt  a»  liberally  a*  tliey  tu»k.  T hi*  •pevclk  bas  bprfc 
"  runvey  d"  hy  Pktclicr  lalo  tila  emcvUeat  ee»«dy  ef  lie 
Elder  Broths : 


ScsnbUI.] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


77 


Between  wind  and  water ;  and  ba  haib  apmng  a  leak 
Or  I  am  coaen'd.  .  [too, 

G'uHf.  Let's  be  mefij  with  him. 

Grac.  How  they  atare  at  me !  am  I  tuni'd  to  an 
The  wonder,  gentlemen?  [owl? 

JuL  I  read  this  morning. 
Strange  atoriea  of  the  paasire  fortitude 
Of  men  in  farmer  agea,  which  I  thought 
Imposaihle,  and  not  to  .be  belie  tred : 
But,  now  I  look  on  you  my  wonder  ceaioa. 

Crae.  The  reaaon,  sir  ? 

JuL  Why,  sir,  you  bare  been  whipt, 
VVliipt,  signior  Graocho  ;  and  the  whip,  I  take  it, 
U,  to  a  gentleman,  the  greatest  trial 
l*hat  may  be  of  his  pati«ice« 

Grac.  Sir,  111  eall  you 
To  a  strict  account  for  this. 

Giov.  Ill  not  deal  with  you. 
Unless  I  bare  a  beadle  for  my  second ; 
And  then  111  answer  you. 

JuL  Farewell,  poor  Graccbo. 

[EmmjiI  Julio  and  GimnmnL 

Grae.  Better  and  better  stilL    If  erer  wrongs 
Could  teach  a  wretch  to  find  the  way  to  rengeance, 

£ttler  FaAnaaoo  and  «  Senrant 

Hell  now  inspire  me !     How,  the  lord  protector ! 
My  judge ;  I  thank  him !     Whither  thus  in  private? 
I  will  not  see  him.  [Stands  atUU, 

Fran.  If  I  am  sought  for. 
Say  I  am  indiaposed,  and  will  not  hear 
Or  saiu,  or  smtors. 

Serv,  But,  sir,  if  the  princess 
Enquire,  what  shall  I  answer? 

Fran.  Say,  I  am  rid» 
Abroad  to  take  the  air ;  but  by  no  means 
Let  her  know  Tm  in  court. 

Sen,.  So  I  shall  tell  her.  [Fxit. 

Fiun,  Within  there,  ladies! 

Enter  «  Gentlewoman. 

Gentiew.  My  good  lord,  your  pleasure  ? 

Frmn.  Prithee,  let  me  beg  thy  fiirour  for  access 
To  the  dutchesa. 

GmUlew.  In  good  sooth,  my  lord,  I  dare  not ; 
Sbe'a  Tciy  priTate. 

fVm.  Coaae,  there's  gold  to  buy  thee 
A  new  gown,  and  a  rich  one. 

Gendew.  I  once  sworef 
If  e'er  I  lost  my  maidenhead,  it  abould  be 
With  a  great  lord,  aa  yon  are ;  and  I  know  not  bow, 
I  firal  a  yielding  inclination  in  me, 
If  you  MTe  wppe/tkiB, 


' ^Tkey  luok  rneftdly, 

Ae  Ihey  had  Mrwly  come  Orooi  a  vaBlllag  boow, 
Aad  hmA  bcea  mite  ahol  tlupu«i«li  between  wind  and  water 
By  a  ite-DwikIrk,  and  had  »pmiic  a  leak,  >lr/' 
*        "    *      on  Field 


the 


(  nitty  depredation 
hnOei  9t  Ae  .Duke  ^  Milan  prtcedcd  that  of /ib« 


Mretker,  by  ■uiny  yean. 
•  Praa.  ioflmnrid 
ABremd,  4kc]  So  the  cM  coptet :  the  modeni  editort,  with 
•anal  acewacy  ard  elegaaee, 

Smifrm  rode 

Akr^ekLiLe. 

f  7  0scr  avervl    Both  the  oaartoa  have  a  raarfinal  bemlt- 

tich here :  they  real,  Tkle  wUi  tempt  me;  aa adiHHon  of  Uie 

■aacecMary  iaterpolatioa  of  the  copyist, 

•  "     "   ••  laoa  have 


epob* 
JOder 


Fran.  Poz  on  thy  maidenhead ! 
Where  ia  thv  lady  ? 

Gentiew-  If  you  renture  on  her, 
She*a  walkine  in  the  gallery  ;  jierbaps. 
You  will  find  her  less  tractable. 

Fran.  Bring  me  to  her. 

Gentiew.  I  fear  you'll  bare  cold  entertainment, 
when  [tion 

You  are  at  your  journey's  end  ;  and  'twere  discre- 
To  take  a  snatch  by  the  way. 

Fran.  Prithee,  leare  fooling: 
My  page  waits  in  the  lobby ;  gir9  him  sweetmeats  *, 
He  is  train'd  up*  for  his  master's  eaae. 
And  be  will  cool  thee.     [Eieunt  Fran,  and  Gentiew. 

Grae.  A  brare  discorery  beyond  my  hope, 
A  plot  even  offer 'd  to  my  hand  to  worx  on ! 
If  I  am  dull  now,  may  1  lire  and  die 
The  scorn  of  worms  and  slares ! — Let  me  consider ; 
My  lady  and  her  mother  firat  committed, 
In  the  favour  of  the  dutcheas,  and  1  whipt  I 
That,  with  an  iron  pen,  ia  writ  in  brass 
On  my  tough  heart,  now  grown  a  harder  metaL — 
And  all  bis  bribed  approaches  to  the  dutohrss 
To  be  conceard  !  good,  good.    This  to  my  Isdy 
Delirer'd,  as  1*11  order  it,  runs  her  mad. 
But  this  may  prove  but  courtahip  f  ;  let  it  be, 
I  care  not,  so  it  feed  her  jealousy.  [Exiu 


SCENE  lU.'-Anather  Roam  in  the  mme. 
Enter  Marcelia  and  Francisco. 

Marc.  Beli<^re  tby  tears  or  oaths !  out  it  be  hoped. 
After  a  practice  so  abborr'd  and  horrid, 
Repentance  e'er  can  find  thee  ? 

Fran.  Dearest  lady, 
Great  iu  your  fortune,  greater  in  your  goodness. 
Make  a  superlative  of  excellence, 
In  bemg  greatest  in  your  saving  mervy. 
I  do  confess,  ^urobly  confe:is  my  fimlt, 
To  be  beyouu  all  pity ;  m^  attempt 
So  barbarou.  y  rude,  that  it  would  turn 
A  saint-like  patience  into  savage  fury. 
But  you,  that  are  all  innocence  and  virtue. 
No  spleen  or  anger  in  you  of  a  woman. 
But  when  a  holy  zeal  to  piety  fires  >ou. 
May,  if  you  please,  impute  the  fault  to  love. 
Or  call  it  beastly  lust,  for  'tis  no  better ; 
A  sin,  a  monstrous  sin  !  yet  with  it  many 
1  hat  did  prove  good  men  after,  have  been  tempted ; 
And,  though  I'm  crooked  now,  *tia  in  your  power 
To  make  me  straight  again. 

Afarc.  Is't  possible 
This  can  be  cunning ! 

Fran.  But,  if  no  submission. 
Nor  prayers  can  appease  you,  that  you  may  know 
I'is  not  the  fear  or  death  that  makea  me  aiie  thua. 
But  a  loath'd  detestetion  of  my  madneaa. 
Which  makes  me  wish  to  live  to  have  your  pardon ; 
I  will  not  wait  the  sentence  of  tbe  duke. 
Since  his  return  is  doubtful,  but  I  myself 
Will  do  a  fearful  justice  on  myself, 
No  witness  by  but  you,  thf  re  being  no  more. 


proaipier,  or  aa 
which  anuib  the 
advanced  k  ii 


mmn.    CMslar  aad  Mr.  M.  Maaoa  i 


•  iTeU  traht'd  up,  Ac]  A  bemtoUch,  or  more,  U  kMt  here, 
or,  not  inipn>b;ibly,  parp(«el>  omiiU-<t.  I  only  mention  it 
to  accoont  for  the  defect  of  nirtre  ;  tor  the  circanutance  lt»eli 
b  not  worth  regreitlnf .  ,....,-,--. 

t  But  tkie  map  prone  hut  cMrtahIp :  9ic]  That  U,  merely 
paying  hi«  coon  to  her  a*  dutrbcM.    II   Mason. 


7r 


THE  DURE  OF  MILAN. 


[Acrni. 


When  1  offendecL     Vol.  before  I  do  it, 
For  1  pprceive  in  you  no  sijj^is  of  mercy, 
1  will  diticlose  n  secret »  which,  dying  with  me^ 
May  prove  your  ruin. 

Marc.  Sp«ak  it ;  it  will  take  from 
TliH  burtjien  of  thy  conJici«nee* 

Fran,  Thus,  then,  madam  : 
The  wamint  by  my  lord  siga'd  for  your  death, 
Wtt«  hut  conditional  ;  but  you  mui*t  swciir 
Uy  vour  unspottt-d  truth,  not  to  reveal  it. 
Or  1  eud  here  abruptly. 

Marc.  By  my  hopej 
Of  joys  hereafter.     On. 
I       rran.  Nor  wa«  it  bate 
That  forced  bini  to  it,  but  exceu  of  love : 
And,  if  I  ne'er  retarn,  (t>o  s*id  gr«st  Sfbrm^) 
No  Uving  man  deserving  to  rij/i'v 
MltlmtMarcetia,trith  ihrfint  neu^ 
Tiifkt  I  am  detid,  (ffir  no  awH  ttjtrr  me 
Mttti  f*er  enjotf  her)  fail  not  to  kiii  her^ 
But  tilt  txrtatH  proof' 

Jisur€  thee  1  am  bit  (tli««e  were  htii  word^,) 
Observe  and  kauaur  her,  at  if  the  snul 
Of  tifomatt's  gDcdneuonly  due  ft  in  her*t, 
1  his  Trust  1  have  abused,  and  bunely  wroQ^'d  i 
And,  if  the  exctdling  pity  of  your  mind 
Cannot  forgiv^e  it,  a*  1  dare  not  hope  it, 
Rather  tJmn  bbk  on  my  offended  lord, 
I  stand  reaoU'ed  li>  punish  iL 

Mare,  Hold  !  *tia  forgiven^ 
And  by  me  freely  pardon 'd.     In  thy  f»ir  life 
HereufWr,  aiudy  to  deserve  this  bounty. 
Which  thy  true  penitence,  such  1  believe  it» 
Ap^uinst  my  reitolntion  hoth  forced  from  me. — 
Bui  that  my  lord,  my  Sforza,  should  eiiteem 
My  liftf  fit  only  ua  a  [^^',1^0,  to  wait  on 
The  virioua  course  of  hU  uncertain  fortunes; 
Or  oheriish  in  himsnatf  that  i^ensual  hope^ 
In  death  to  know  me  an  a  wife,  afflicunie  ; 
Nor  does  hia  envy  leaa  deaerve  mine  ttng;i>r. 
Which,  though^  jiiicbiii  my  lot'i*,!  would  nutnounAhf 
Will  slack  the  ardour  tlmJ  1  hud  to  Bee  him 
llc'tum  ill  safety. 

Fran,  But  il'^yottr  entertainment 
Should  give  the  loaiit  ground  to  his  jealousy. 
To  raiae  itp  an  opinion  I  am  false. 
You  then  deatroy  your  mercy.    Therefcre,  madarn, 
(Thoujfh  I  ijball  ever  look  on  you  as  oa 
My  life's  preserver,  and  the  mimcle 
Of  human  pity  J  would  you  but  vouchsafe, 
tii  comptiny,  to  do  me  thone  fair  ^racea. 
And  ffivonra,  which  your  innocence  and  honour 
BHy  safely  warrant,  it  would  to  the  duke, 
I  being  to  your  beat  aclf  alone  known  jfutlty, 
Wake  me  appar  moat  innocent. 

Afarr.  Have  your  wishes, 
And  siomethinj^  I  inuy  do  to  try  his  temper. 
At  leajit,  to  mukt}  him  know  a  constant  wife 
Is  not  so  slaved  to  her  husband's  doting  humours, 
But  :hat  ahe  ma^'  di'serve  to  live  «  widow, 
Iter  fate  tippoinUni;  it. 

Fran,   It  Im  enough  -, 
Kay,  all  1  could  desire,  and  will  make  way 
Tu  my  rt)Veii^i;,  which  shall  dis(>rrse  itself 
On  him,  on  ht-r,  aud  all.  [SA^uf  andjioariah. 

Mare,  What  shout  is  tliat  ? 

Enter  TiBtnto  and  Stitfuajvo, 

Tib.  AH  happiness  to  the  dutrhess.  that  may  flow 
From  the  dukL*':*  new  and  wished  return ! 


Marc,  lie's  welcome. 

Stejth,  How  coldly  she  receive*  it  I 

Tib,  Observe  the  onoounter. 

Ftouriah.     Enter    Sfokila,    PrsrARs, 
MAniA}4A,  GnAGcuo,  and 


IsAKtlXA, 


Mart,  Wluit  joa  have  told  me,  Cineelko,  is  ke- 
And  Vl\  find  time  to  stir  in'c.  [lievvd. 

Grttc,  Aa  you  we  ctttoe  ; 
I  will  not  do  ill  offices. 

Sfor,  I  have  stood 
Silent  thus  long^,  Ihlarcelia,  expecting' 
When,  with  more  than  a  greedy  haste.  tboQ  w<mld,-ft 
Have  flown  into  my  arms,  and  on  my  lips 
Have  printed  a  deep  welcome.     My  desires 
To  glass  myself  in  these  fiiir  eyes,  hnve  borue  me 
With  more  than  human  apeed :  nor  durst  1  stay 
In  any  temple,  or  tn  any  saint 
To  pay  my  vows  and  thanks  for  my  return. 
Till  I  had  seen  thee. 

M*tfc.  Sir,  I  am  most  happy 
To  look  upon  you  safe,  and  would  expresa 
My  to¥e  and  duty  in  a  modest  fashion. 
Such  ai  might  suit  with  the  behaviour 
Of  one  tljat  knows  herself  a  wife,  ind  bow 
To  temper  her  desires,  not  like  a  w  auton 
Fired  witli  hot  appetite  ;  nor  coii  it  wrong  me 
To  love  discreetly. 

Sfor.  How  !  why,  can  there  be 
A  mean  in  your  aSectioni  to  Sforca  ! 
Or  any  act,  tliough  ne'er  so  looee,  llint  may 
Invite  or  heighten  appetite,  appe«r 
Immodest  or  uncomely !     Do  not  move  me  , 
My  pasdions  to  you  are  in  extremes, 
And  know  no  bounds  ;-'-€Ofne ;  kisft  mB, 

Mote  I  obey  yon. 

Sjttr,  By  all  the  joys  of  love,  she  doe*  salute  mi» 
Aa  if  1  were  her  grandfather  *     W  IjjU  w  iich. 
With  cursed  spells,  hath  quencl/d  the  amtirouf  Ucwt 
Thnt  lived  upon  tlifse  lips  I     Tell  me,  Marc«liu, 
And  trulv  tell  me.  is*t  a  fault  of  mine 
That  hatfi  hegot  this  coldness!  or  neg;lect 
Of  others,  in  my  absexioe! 

Marc.  Xeither,  sir : 
I  stand  indebted  to  your  substitute. 
Noble  and  good  Francisco,  for  his  c«pe 
And  Ikir  obstrvauce  of  roe  :  there  wus  nothing 
With  %vhich  you,  being  preseuti  could  supply  me, 
Th])t  I  dare  sey  I  wanted. 

Sfiw,  How  1 

Mil  re.  The  pieasores 
That  sacred  Hymen  wnnwits  us,  excepted. 
Of  which,  in  troth,  you  are  too  great  a  doter  ; 
And  there  is  more  of  beast  in  it  than  num. 
Let  us  love  temperfttely  ;  tiling  violent  lust  twil. 
And  too  much  dotage  rather  arguoa  folly 
1  hnn  true  affect  ion. 

firtic.  ObseiTu  but  tliis. 
And  how  j*he  praised  my  lord's  care  and  obarrvanre  , 
And  tlien  judge,  madani,  if  my  mtelligeuce 
Hdve  any  ground  of  tnith. 

Mtiri,  No  more  ;  1  mark  iL 

Steiih.  How  the  duke  standi*! 

Tib,  As  he  were  rooted  tliere, 
And  had  no  motion. 

Peit\  My  lord,  from  whence 
Grows  tliiis  amazement  i 

Sfor.  It  is  more,  dear  my  friend  ; 
For  1  am  doubtful  whether  I*ve  a  bem^ 


Scene  I.] 


THE  DUKK  OF  MILAN. 


79 


But  certain  that  my  life's  a  trartfaen  to  me. 
Take  me  back,  ^ood  Pescara,  ahew  me  to  C»Mr 
In  all  his  rage  and  fury  ;  I  disclaim 
His  mercy  :  to  lire  now,  which  is  his  gift. 
Is  worse  than  death  and  with  all  studied  torments. 
Marcdia  is  unkind,  nay,  worse,  nown  cold 
In  her  affection  ;  my  excess  of  fenrour, 
Which  yet  was  never  equall'd,  grown  distastefnL 
— But  hare  thy  wishes,  woman  ;  thou  shalt  know 
That  I  can  be  myself,  and  thus  shake  off 
The  fetters  of  fond  dotage.     From  my  sight. 
Without  reply  ;  for  I  am  apt  to  do 
Something  I  may  repents — [£xit  Mare  ] — Oh !  who 
would  place 


His  happiness  in  most  accursed  woman, 
In  whom  obsequiousness  engenders  pride  ; 
And  harshness  deadly  hatred  ? — From  this  hour 
rU  labour  to  forget  there  are  such  creatures  ; 
True  friends  be  now  my  mistresses.      Clear  your 

brows. 
And,  though  my  heart-stringrs  crack  for*t,  I  will  be 
To  all  a  free  example  of  delight : 
We  will  hare  sports  of  all  kinds,  and  propound 
Rewards  to  such  as  can  produce  us  new : 
Unsatisfied,  though  we  surfeit  in  their  store. 
And  nerer  think  of  curs'd  Marcelia  more.    lExwnt. 


ACT  IV. 


SCEN£  L-^Tht  sosm.    A  Roam  m  thg  Castlt. 
Enter  Frakosoo  and  Graocho. 

Fran.  And  is  it  possible  thou  shouldst  fiorget 
A  wrong  of  such  a  nature,  and  then  study 
My  safety  and  content? 

Grae.  Sir,  but  allow  me 
Only  to  hare  read  the  elements  of  courtship*, 
Not  the  abstruse  and  hidden  arts  to  thrire  there ; 
And  vou  may  please  to g^rant  me  so  much  knowledge. 
That  injuries  from  one  m  grace,  like  3rou, 
Are  noble  favours.     Is  it  not  grown  commonf 
In  every  sect,  for  those  that  want,  to  suffer 
From  such  as  have  to  give  ?  Your  captain  cast, 
1  f  poor,  though  not  thought  darine,  but  approved  so. 
To  raise  a  coward  into  name.,  that^  rich. 
Suffers  disgraces  publidj ',  but  recmvee 
iiewards  for  them  in  private. 

Fran,  Well  observed. 
Put  on| ;  well  be  familiar,  and  diseoorse 
A  little  of  this  argument    That  day. 
In  which  it  waa  first  mmour'd,  then  confirm'd, 
Great  Sforza  thoueht  me  worthy  of  his  favour, 
I  found  myself  to  be  another  thme ; 
Not  what  1  waa  before.    I  passed  then 
For  a  pretty  fellow,  and  of  pretty  parts  too. 
And  was  perhaps  received  so ;  but,  once  ndsed. 
The  liberal  courtier  made  me  master  of 
Those  virtnes  which  I  ne'er  knew  in  myself: 
If  I  pretended  to  a  jest,  'twas  made  one 
By  ineir  interpretation  ;  if  I  offer'd 
To  reason  of  philosophy,  though  absurdly, 
They  had  helps  to  save  me,  and  without  a  blush 
W  onkl  swear  that  I,  by  nature,  had  more  know- 
ledge. 
Than  others  could  require  by  any  labour : 
Nay,  all  I  did,  indeed,  which  in  another 
Was  not  remarkablf,  in  me  shew*d  rarely. 


•  tht  elemmta  ^f  conrtihip,]  L  e.  of 

coart-polky.    M.  Mason. 

r  Im  U  iMrf  promm  common,  Ac]    Graccbo  ii  an  apt 

scholar  :  the*e  oouMe  utMcnratioos  Are  derived  flrom  the  I«»- 
•OBS  of  tbo  Officer,  in  the  Utt  ace. 

I  Put  OH  ;]  Se  covered ;  a  freqnent  exprcutun  in  theie 
pUyt. 


such 


Grac.  But  then  they  tasted  of  your  bounty. 

Fran,  True : 
They  gave  me  those  good  parts  I  was  not  bom  to. 
And,  by  my  intercession,  toey  got  that 
Which,  had  I  cross'd  them,  they  durst  not  have  hoped  , 
for.  ! 

Grae.  All  this  is  oracle :  and  shall  I,  then,  | 

For  a  foolish  whipping,  leave  to  honour  him,  i 

That  holds  the  wheel  of  fortune  ?  no ;  that  savours  ' 
Too  much  of  the  ancient  freedom.  Since  great  men  , 
Receive  disgraces  and  give  thanks,  poor  knaves  I 
Must  have  nor  spleen,  nor  anger.  Though  I  love 
My  limbs  as  well  as  any  man,  if  you  had  now 
A  humour  to  kick  me  lame  into  an  office, 
Where  I  might  sit  in  state  and  undo  others. 
Stood  I  not  bound  to  kiss  the  foot  that  did  it  ? 
Though  it  seem  strange,  there  have  been 

things  seen 
In  the  memory  of  man. 

Fran.  But  to  the  purpose, 
And  then,  that  service  done,  make  thine  own  for- 
tunes. 
My  wife,  thou  say*st,  is  jealous  I  am  too 
Familiar  with  the  dutchess. 

Grac,  And  incensed 
For  her  commitment  in  her  brother's  absence  : 
And  by  her  mother's  anger  is  spurr'd  on 
To  maJce  discovery  of  it.     This  her  purpose 
'Was  trusted  to  my  charge,  which  I  declined 
As  much  as  in  me  lay  ;  but,  finding  her 
Determinately  bent  to  undertake  it, 
Though  breaking  my  faith  to  her  may  destroy 
My  credit  with  your  lordship,  I  yet  thought. 
Though  at  my  peril,  I  stood  bound  to  reveal  it. 

Fran.  I  thank  thy  care,  and  will  deserve 
secret, 
In  making  thee  acquainted  with  a  greater, 
And  of  more  moment.     Come  into  my  bosom. 
And  take  it    from   me:    Canst   thou    think, 

Graccho, 
My  power  and  honours  were  conferr'd  upon  me, 
And,  add  to  them,  this  form,  to  hsve  my  pleasures 
Confined  and  limited  ?  I  delight  in  change. 
And  sweet  variety ;  that's  my  heaven  on  earth. 
For  which  I  love  life  only.    I  confess. 


this 


dull 


ao 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN, 


[Act  it.  1 


Mf  wife  pleasH  En«  %  day.  tbe  dutclies«,  two^ 
if  And  yet  I  murit  not  say  I  bav«  enjoy 'd  lier,) 
But  DOW  I  cftrfii  for  nvitijer :  therpKife,  Craccho, 
So  far  I  am  from  stop  pin  |?  Miimiia 
In  making  her  complaiut,  thut  1  Ueaire  thee 
To  urge  her  to  it, 

Grac.  That  may  prove  your  ruin  : 
The  dulce  already  bein^,  an  'tis  rejwrtedf 
Doubtful  sbe  hath  play*d  false. 

F>  an.  There  thou  art  coaen*d  ; 
Hia  dotage,  like  an  ng;ue.,  keeps  bis  coiir«fl» 
And  DOW  'tts  strongly  on  him.     But  1  lui^e  time, 
And  thdreforit  know,  whelher  tbou  wilt  or  iio^ 
Tljou  art  to  he  my  iDstrument;  and«  in  spite 
Of  the  old  »aw,  tbat  itaya.  It  is  nut  safe 
On  any  terms  to  truHt  a  man  tbat's  wrong'd, 
I  dare  thi^  to  be  falae. 

Grtic^  This  is  a  long^ngo, 
My  lord»  I  understand  noL 

Fran,  You  thought,  Birrah, 
To  put  a  trick  on  me  for  the  relatioti 
Of  what  I  kuew  before,  and,  baring  won 
Some  weighty  secret  from  me,  in  rerange 
'I'o  play  tlie  traitor.     Know,  thou  wretched  thing", 
By  my  command  thoti  wert  whipt ;  and  every  duy 
ril  have  thee  freahly  tortUTtnl,  if  thou  misia 
In  the  lenst  charge  that  I  impose  upon  thee, 
Tlioiigh  what  I  apeak,  for  the  most  |uirt,  b  true; 
Niky,  ^jnut  thou  hadjit  a  thousand  witneiij»ea 
To  b*  deposed  they  beard  it,  'tis  in  me, 
With  one  wonl«  aucb  is  Sforia  s  conhdcnce 
Of  my  fidelity  not  to  be^ihaken, 
To  make  all  void,  and  njin  my  accusers. 
Therefore  look  to*t  ;  bring  my  wife  hotly  on 
To  Dccuiie  me  to  the  dukp— I  have  an  <*nd  in^ 
Or  think  mh«t  \k  nmkea man  most  miseniblw, 
And  that  shall  fall  upon  thee.     Tliou  wert  a  fool 
To  hopf ,  by  bein^  actpiaintpd  with  my  row  Ties, 
1  o  curb  uud  awe  mt*  j  or  that  I  should  live 
Thy  alave,  as  thou  didst  snucilv  drviue: 
For  pryinj?  in  ray  rounaels,  still  livemine*        [Eji(. 
Grae.  I  am  caught  ou  both  stdea.      lliia  'tia  for  a 
puisine 
In  policy's  Proteun  school,  to  tin'  conclusioua 
With  one  tbat  hath  commenced,  and  gone  out  doctor*. 
If  1  discover  whml  but  now  he  bmpg'd  of, 
1  shkill  not  Ih*  bptipvi>d  :   if  I  fall  off 
Frcm  him,  hiii  threat:*  and  actions  go  togethE>r, 
And  thi^re'^  no  liope  of  safety.     Till  I  get 
A  plummet  that  may  sound  his  di^npeat  cnunselsi 
I  must  obey  and  serve  him  ;   Want  of  skill 
Now  makes  me  pluy  the  rogue  agitinat  my  wtU. 

[KtH. 

SCENE  11. — Atiother   Room   in   the  same. 

Eater  Mabcelia,  Tr&ERto,  SiiipaAvo,  and 

GendewouLan. 

Marc,  Command  me  from  bis  sightj  and  with  aucb 
acorn 
Aa  he  would  rata  his  slare  ! 


•  -^^^ fAfry  coiidlri<^ions 

With  tmr  ihnt  hoik  cum  r<<  ncH,  ami  gotie  ovi  doctor.'] 
To  try  Ctmi'lu9iim§,  »  ¥^ry  cinnmoti  ci:pre!«*inii.  In,  it>  \ry 
CTprrnitriiti  :  "  IhkI  hcliji  Ihrm,*'  jfl)f  Gi4l)Hr1l  Har'vey,  in  \\ls 
Hunt  U'Uetj  "Ih*!  hNiVr  nfiUier  hthJIBiv  t*>  Ivplpc,  m*r  wit  in 
Eihliitthrnijiehr)*,  but  will  nviny^  try  ctmcltmmu  bilwrirn  thtir 
ke*n*?i  •ihI  tlie  nv%t  Wi*lK  "  (-omiM^ncfd^  tLw\  gmWfmt.v^hUh 
nccnr  Id  iht  Mr«U  line,  are  I'ttiverAiiy  terma,  adiI  lo  be  met 
iritb  ia  tmotx  of  out  dkl  tlnuuai : 


TiL  'Twaa  in  His  fury, 
Stiph.  And  he  repenta  it,  madam. 
Marc,  Wa*  1  bam 
To  observe  hia  humourg !  or,  becwue*  lie  i!ote«, 
iVIiist  I  run  mad  ? 

TiA,  If  that  your  excellence 
Wo  old  pli»ase  but  to  receive  b  feeling  kiiow1ed{9 
Of  what  he  sQ^nrd,  and  how  deep  die  least 
Unktndneiis  wounda  from  you,  you  wiMiId  exeoie 
His  haaty  language. 

Stejitk.  He  bath  paid  the  forfeit 
Of  bia  offence,  Vm  sure,  with  !<ucli  a  aorrow. 
As,  if  it  bad  beea  greater,  would  deserve 
A  full  remiiisiou. 

Marc.  W  by,  perlta|ka,  be  Itath  it ; 
And  I  stand  more  aMicted  for  bis  abaenet. 
Then  be  can  be  for  mine ; — so,  pnij  yoa^  tcU  him. 
But,  till  1  have  digested  aome  md  tbougbla. 
And  recoocited  tiasMiona  that  are  at  war 
W  ithin  myself,  1  pitqioae  to  be  privatt*. 
And  have  you  care,  unless  it  be  Fmncisco, 
Tbat  no  man  he  admitted.  [Ejit  Gentkwommi* 

Tib.   How,  Franrisco! 

Sieph,  He,  tliut  at  every  atage  keep«  lirery  nit' 
The  iftallion  of  tbe  slate  I  [irvasM; 

Tih,  They  are  thintips  above  aa. 
And  »o  no  way  conciTn  ua. 

Stepk.  If  I  were 
The  duke,  (I  freely  rauft  confeas  my  wedmeas^) 

Enter  FaA>cisco. 
I  should  wear  yellow  breach  ?»•.     Here  be  cornea, 

Tib,  Nay,  spare  your  labour,  lady,  we  kjiow  our 
And  quit  tlie  room.  [dutyf, 

StqJt,  in  this  her  privacy ! 
Though  with  the  hnzurd  of  a  check,  perliapa^ 
This  may  goto  the  duke, 

[  F^eunt  Tiberh  and  Stt|iA«Mb] 
Marc.  Your  face  b  full 
Of  fears  and  doubts  :  the  reason  T 

Fran,  O  best  madam, 
They  are  not  counterfeit,     T»  your  poor  convert. 
That  only  wiah  to  live  in  sLtd  repcmtance. 
To  mourn  my  desperate  attempt  of  you, 
Ibat  have  no  endii  nor  aims,  but  that  your  goodness 
Might  be  a  witness  of  mv  {wnitence. 
Which  seen,  would  tench  you  how  to  love  your  mercy, 
Am  rohb'd  of  thai  hist  bnpp*     The  duke,  the  duke, 
I  more  than  fear,  hatli  found  that  I  am  g-iiilty. 

Mfirc.  By  my  unspotte^l  honour,  not  from  ma; 
Nor  have  f  with  him  chnnged  one  avlkble. 
Since  his  return,  but  wbal  jou  beard. 

Fran,  \et  malice 
Is  ea|^le-eyed,  and  would  see  tliat  which  is  not ; 
And  jealousy *a  too  apt  to  build  upon 
Unsure  foundations. 
Mure,  Jeelou-iV  ! 
Fran,  [Asuie.jh  tok- s. 


**  How  mmny  tlivt  tmvt  dom-  ill,  "od  prae^edt 
Wiittien  lh«t  fo*«r  rfryrw*  ia  WttnlnoriM*, 
Commemx,  and  n*c  tit  nirlimmti  **t  Imm."  ftc 

Thr  t/um^  tif  r*rfe»ML 

•  i  nhould  mrar  vi-llt>w  Ar»rcfrp».J  i.e.  H«jch1iiii  ;  yrllow* 

wHb  CKUf  oM  pot'L»,'lK-lit|$  Itte  ti4cr>  of  Jcaluu^^  :   ibi*  iwcdt 

DO  «ft««Mpk. 

t  S^iiff,  tpttrt  }fimr  labovr,  lativ-,  fcr  hnent  ottr  doty, 
And  quit  thf  rnmn.]  IJutp  was  b^M'rieil  trji  Cu^ 
thiit,  »r  a  word  of  ^Imirir  imp^vrl,  haviiti;  brcn  tit^^^  i 
^T*u.  Both  the  quArio#  tiAVc.  for  ktwtt  nur  nU,  miki 
ditli'rrncc,  that  the  tut  ( ie3tl>  eabtl>iucjr<f,u  Iter*,  ia  i 
clitTicien. 


i  ScEKB  in.] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


I 


81 


Mare.    Who  dkres  but  only  think  I  can  be  tainted  ? 
But  for  him,  though  almost  on  certain  prool^ 
To  give  it  hearing,  not  belief,  deaerrea 
My  liate  for  erer. 

Fran.  Whetlier  grounded  on 
Your  noble,  yet  chaste  farours  shewn  unto  me  ; 
Or  her  imprisonment,  for  her  contempt 
To  you,  by  my  command,  my  frantic  wife 
Hath  put  It  in  his  head. 

3fare.  Have  I  then  lired 
So  long,  now  to  be  doubled  ?    Are  my  favours 
The  themes  of  her  discourse  ?  or  what  I  do. 
That  never  trod  in  a  suspected  path, 
Subject  to  base  construction  ?     He  undaunted ; 
For  now,  as  of  a  creature  that  is  mme, 
1  riae  up  your  protectress :  all  the  grace 
I  hitherto  have  done  youj  was  bestow*d 
With  a  shut  hand  ;  it  shall  be  now  more  free. 
Open,  and  liberal.     But  let  it  not. 
Though  counterfeited  to  the  life,  teach  yon 
To  nourish  saucy  hopes. 

Fran.  May  I  be  blasted. 
When  I  prove  such  a  monster ! 

Mare.  I  will  stand  then 
Between  you  and  all  danger.     He  shall  know. 
Suspicion  otrertums  what  confidence  builds  ; 
And  be  that  dares  but  doubt  when  there's  no  ground, 
Is  neither  to  himself  nor  others  sound.  [Exit, 

Fran.  So,  let  it  work  !  Her  goodness,  that  denied 
My  service,  branded  with  the  name  of  lust, 
SImU  now  destroy  itself;  and  she  shall  find,  ^ 
When  he's  a  suitor,  that  brings  cunning  arm*d 
With  power,  to  be  his  advocates,  the  denial  • 
la  a  disease  as  killing  as  the  plague. 
And  chastity  a  clue  that  leads  to  death. 
Hold  but  thy  nature,  duke,  and  be  but  rash 
And  violent  enough,  and  then  at  leisure, 
Repent ;  I  care  not. 

And  let  my  plots  produce  this  long'd-for  birth. 
In  my  revenge  I  have  my  heaven  on  earth.       [Exit. 


SCENE  Ul.—Another  Room  m  Oie  tame. 
Emier  Sforza,  PfscARA,  and  three  Gentlemen. 

Peie.  Yon  promised  to  be  merry. 

1  Gent  There  are  pleasures. 
And  of  all  kinds,  to  entertain  the  time. 

9  CenL   Your    excellence    vouchsafing  to  make 
Of  that  which  best  affects  you.  [choice 

S/'or.  Hold  your  prating. 
Lcsrn  manners  too  ;  your  are  mde. 

3  Gent.  1  have  my  answer. 
Before  I  ask  the  question.  [Aside. 

Pete.  I  must  borrow 
The  privilege  of  a  fnend,  and  will ;  or  else 
I  am  like  tEsae.  a  servant,  or,  what's  worse, 
A  parasite  to  the  sorrow  Sforza  worships 
In  spite  of  reason. 

»yor.  Pray  you,  use  your  freedom ; 
And  ao  ftr,  if  you  please,  allow  me  mine. 
To  hear  yon  only  ;  not  to  be  eompell'd 
To  take  your  moral  potions.    I  am  a  man. 
And,  though  philoet^hy,  your  mistress,  rage  for't. 
Now  I  have  cause  to  grieve,  I  must  be  sad  ; 
And  I  dare  shew  it. 

Peee,  Would  it  were  bestow'd 
Upon  a  worthier  rabject 


Sfor.  Take  heed,  fnend! 
You  rub  a  sore,  whose  pain  will  make  me  mad  ; 
And  I  shall  then  forget  myself  and  you. 
Lance  it  no  further. 

Pefc.     Have  you  stood  the  shock 
Of  thousand  enemies,  and  outfaced  the  anger 
Of  a  great  emperor,  that  vow'd  your  ruin. 
Though  by  a  desperate,  a  glorious  way. 
That  had  no  precedent  ?  are  you  return  d  with  honour, 
Loved  by  your  subjects  ?  does  your  fortune  court 

you, 
Or  rather  say,  your  courage  does  command  it  ? 
Have  you  given  proof,  to  this  hour  of  your  life, 
Prosperity,  that  searches  the  best  temper, 
Could  never  puff  you  op,  nor  adverse  fate 
Deject  your  valour  ?  Shall,  I  say,  these  virtues, 
So  many  and  so  various  trials  of 
Your  constant  mind,  be  buried  in  the  frown 
(To  please  you,  I  will  say  so)  of  a  fiiir  woman; 
Yet  I  have  seen  her  equals. 

Sfor.  Good  Pescara, 
This  language  in  another  were  profane  ; 
In  you  it  is  unmannerly. — Her  equal ! 
I  tell  you  as.  a  friend,  and  tell  you  plainly, 
(To  all  men  else  my  sword  should  make  reply,) 
Her  goodness  does  disdain  comparison, 
And,  but  herself,  admits  no  parallel*. 
But  you  will  say  she's  cross ;  'tis  fit  she  should  be. 
When  I  am  foolish  ;  for  she's  wise,  Pescara, 
And  knows  how  far  she  may  dispose  her  bounties. 
Her  honour  safe  ;  or,  if  she  were  adverse, 
'Twas  a  prevention  of  a  greater  sin 
Ready  to  fall  upon  me ;  for  she's  not  ignorant. 
But  truly  understands  how  much  I  love  her, 
And  that  her  rare  parts  do  deserve  all  honour. 
Her  excellence  increasing  with  her  years  too, 
I  might  have  fallen  into  idolatry. 
And,  from  the  admiration  of  her  worth. 
Been  taught  to  think  there  is  uo  Power  above  her ; 
And  yet  1  do  believe,  had  angels  sexes. 
The  most  would  be  such  women,  and  assume 
No  otJier  shape,  when  they  were  to  appear 
In  their  full  glory. 

Pesc,  Well,  sir,  I'll  not  cross  you, 
Nor  labour  to  diminish  your  esteem, 
Hereafter,  of  her.     Since  your  happiness, 

*  Hergoodnen  doe$  di$dain  comparuont 
And,  but  herself,  admiu  uo  parallel.]  The  reader  who 
has  any  acqnaiiitiince  with  the  literary  nqnabbles  ot  the  last 
c(  nttiry,  cannot  but  recollect  how  Theobald  was  annoyed  by 
the  Je»i8  levelled  at  him  for  this  line  in  the  Double  Faite- 
hood: 

"  None  bnt  himself  can  be  his  parallel." 

He  jnfttifled  It,  indeed,  at  »ome  length ;  bnt  **  it  is  not  for 
gravity,"  as  Sir  Toby  well  observes,  "  to  friay  at  cherry-pit 
witli  Satan ;"  his  waggish  antagonists  drove  him  ont  of  his 
patience,  and  he,  who  had  every  thing  bat  wit  on  his  ride, 
is  at  this  moment  Inbonring  nnder  the  conscqnences  of  hi^ 
imagined  defeat.  With  re'pect  to  the  phrase  iu  qncstiou,  it 
Is  f  iifficiently  common ;  and  I  conld  produce,  if  it  were  ne 
cessary,  twenty  instances  of  it  from  Massinger's  contempo- 
raries alone  :  nor  is  it  peculiar  to  this  country,  but  eshm  in 
every  language  with  which  I  am  acquainted.  Even  i^hile  1 
am  writing  this  note,  the  following  pretty  ex:mipr<;  lies 
before  me,  in  the  address  of  a  grateftal  Hindoo  to  Sir  William 
Jones : 

"  To  yon  there  are  many  like  me ;  yet  to  me  there  iatwne 
like  you,  but  yoweelf;  there  are  nnmerons  groves  of  night 
flowers;  yet  the  night  flower  sees  nothing  like  themoon,but 
the  moon.  A  hundred  chiefs  rale  th«  world,  bat  thou  art  an 
ocean,  and  they  are  mere  wells ;  many  luminaries  are  awake 
in  the  sky,  but  which  of  them  can  be  compared  to  Uie  sunt" 
See  Memoirt  of  hie  ttfe,  by  Lord  Teignmouth. 

G 


8« 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


[Act  IY. 


As  you  will  have  it,  has  alone  dependence 
Upon  her  favour,  from  my  soul  I  wish  you 
A  fair  atonement*. 

Sj'or,  Time,  and  my  suhmisaion, 

Enter  Tiberiu  and  Siepuano. 

May  work  her  to  it. — O  !  you  are  well  retum'd ; 
Say,  am  I  blest  ?  hath  she  vouchsafed  to  hear  you? 
Is  there  hope  left  that  she  may  be  appeased  1 
I^t  her  propound,  and  gladly  1*11  subscribe 
To  her  conditions. 

Tib,  She,  sir,  yet  is  fro  ward. 
And  desires  respite,  and  some  privacy. 

Steith  She  was  harsh  at  first ;  but  ere  we  parted, 
Implacable.  [seem*d  not 

SJ'or,  There's  comfort  yet :  I'll  ply  her 
Each  hour  with  new  ambassadors  of  more  honours. 
Titles,  and  eminence  :  my  second  self, 
Francisco,  shall  solicit  her. 

Steph,  That  a  wise  man. 
And  what  is  more,  a  prince  that  may  command. 
Should  sue  thus  poorly,  and  treat  with  his  wife, 
As  she  were  a  victorious  enemy. 
At  whose  proud  feet,  himself,  bis  state,  and  country, 
Basely  begg*d  mercy ! 

Sfor.  What  is  that  you  mutter? 
1*11  have  thy  thoughts. 

Sttph,  Vou  shall.  You  are  too  fond. 
And  feed  a  pride  tliat's  swollen  too  big  already. 
And  surfeits  with  observance. 

Sfor,  O  my  patience ! 
My  vassal  speak  thus  ? 

Steph,  Let  my  head  answer  it, 
I  If  I  offend.  She,  that  you  think  a  saint, 
I  fear,  may  play  the  devil. 

Peic,  Well  said,  old  fellow. 

Steph,  And  he  that  hath  so  long  'engross'd  your 
favours. 
Though  to  be  named  with  reverence  lord  Francisco, 
Who,  as  you  purpose,  shall  solicit  for  you, 
I  think's  too  near  her. 

Pesc.  Hold,  sir  !  this  is  madness. 

Steph,  It  may  be  they  confer  of  joining  lordships  ; 
I'm  sure  he's  private  with  her. 

Sfor.  Let  me  go, 
I  scorn  to  touch  him  ;  he  deserves  my  pity. 
And  not  my  anger.     Dotard  !  and  to  be  one 
Is  thy  protection,  else  thou  durst  not  think 
That  love  to  my  Marcelia  hath  left  room 
j  In  my  full  heart  for  any  jealous  thought : — 
That  idle  passion  dwell  with  thick-skinn'd  trades- 
men f. 
The  undeserving  lord,  or  the  unable  ! 
Lock  up  thy  own  wife,  fool,  that  must  take  physic 
From  her  young  doctor,  physio  upon  her  back  I, 
Because  tliou  hast  the  palsy  in  that  part* 
That  makes  her  active.     1  could  smile  to  think 
What  wretched  things  they  are  that  dare  be  jealous: 
Were  I  match 'd  to  another  Messaline, 
While  1  found  merit  in  myself  to  please  her, 


*  A  faXr  «tonrmrnt.]  i.  e.  as  Mr.  M.  Maoon  obier\'e»,  « 
rer«>nrUintion.  To  ntone'^tM  often  tbu  seuie  la. our  oWl 
writcru  :  «•»  Sh;(ktipviir«! : 

**  lie  and  AndtliiiM  can  nn  moro  atone, 

ThJin  violcn^ent  conlrarictlrp."  CnriohnHS. 

f  That  idle  ftamon  dwell  tcith  thick-»k\nn*d  tradetmm  ] 
Thick'tkXnnW  is  the  rrN(lin«;  of  b«>th  tlicqiiartoy;  the  m<Mlern 
editrtrs  wantonly,  and,  I  may  a<ld,  ignoranlly,  di*ptac«<l  it 
for  ihiek'fknWA.  It  in  not  to  a  want  uf  anfierttanding,  but 
to  a  Unntneu  of  feeling,  that  the  speaker  aUudea. 


In  this  your  studied  purpote  to  demrnre  her  ; 
And  all  the  shot  made  by  your  foiu  detraetioo. 
Falling  upon  her  sare-mrm  d  innocenoe, 
I  shoiUd  believe  her  chaste,  and  would  not 
To  find  out  my  own  torment ;  but,  alas ! 
Enjoying  one  that,  but  lo  me,  'e  a  Dian  *, 
I  am  too  secure. 

Tib,  This  is  a  coofideoee 
Beyond  example. 


Enter  Graocho,  Isabella,  and  Mariasca. 

Grae,  There  he  is — now  apeak, 
Or  be  for  ever  silent. 

SfofT,  If  you  come 
To  bring  me  comfort,  say  that  yoa  have  made 
My  peace  with  my  Marcelia. 

lub,  I  had  rather 
Wait  on  you  to  your  faneFaU 

SfoT,  I  ou  are  my  mother  ; 
Or,  by  her  life,  yon  were  dead  else. 

Jtfari.  Would  you  were,  i 

To  your  dishonour !  and,  sinoe  dotage  makea  yoa      i 
Wilfully  blind,  borrow  of  me  my  eyes,  I 

Or  some  part  of  my  spirit.  Are  you  all  flesh  ?  ' 

A  lump  of  patience  only  ?  no  fire  in  yon  ? 
But  do  your  pleasure  :--here  your  mother  was 
Committed  by  your  servant,  (for  I  scorn 
To  call  him  husband,)  and  myself,  your  siater, 
If  that  you  dare  remember  such  a  name, 
Mew'd  up,  to  make  the  way  open  and  fiiM 
For  the  adultress,  I  am  imwilbng 
To  say,  a  part  of  Sforza. 

Sfor.  Take  her  head  off! 
She  hath  blasphemed  !  and  by  our  law  must  die 

Itah,  Blasphemed!  for  calling  ofawboire,awlioi«? 

Sfor,  O  hell,  what  do  1  suffer ! 

Man,  Or  is  it  treason 
For  me,  that  am  a  subject,  to  endeavour** 
To  save  the  honour  of  the  duke,  and  that 
He  ahould  not  be  a  wittol  on  record  1 
For  by  posterity  'twill  be  believed. 
As  certainly  as  now  it  can  be  proved, 
Francisco,  the  great  minion  that  swaya  all. 
To  meet  the  chaste  embraces  of  the  dutchesSt 
Hath  leap*d  into  her  bed. 

Sfor,  some  proof,  vile  creature! 
Or  thou  hast  spoke  thy  last. 

Afari.  The  public  fame, 
Their  hourly  private  meetings ;  end  e'en  now. 
When,  under  a  pretence  of  grief  or  anger. 
You  are  denied  the  joys  due  to  a  busbsm^. 
And  made  a  stranger  to  her,  at  all  timea 
The  door  stands  open  to  him.  To  a  Dutcliinan» 
This  were  enough,  but  to  a  right  Italian^ 
A  hundred  thousand  witnesses. 

Idab,  Would  yuu  have  us 

To  be  her  bawds? 

Sfor,  O  the  malice 
And  envy  of  base  women,  that,  with  horror. 
Knowing  their  own  defects  and  inward  guilt. 
Dare  lie,  and  swear,  and  damn,  for  what's  moat  6lse, 
To  cast  aspersions  upon  one  untainted  ! 
Ve  are  in  your  nature's  devils,  and  your  eoda. 
Knowing  your  reputations  sunk  for  ever. 
And  not  to  be  rccover'd,  to  have  all 
Wear  your  black  livery.  Wretches ;  you  have 
A  mouimiental  trophy  to  her  pureneas. 


• thai,  hut  tame,*ea  Diaa,]  A  < 

tion  of  Diana.    M.  Mason.    Aad  so  It  is  I 


i;  FceneIII.] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


BS 


I  Rvtums  upon  yoarselres ;  and,  if  my  love 
Could  suffer  an  addition,  I'm  ao  fiur  ' 

>   From  ^ving  credit  to  jon,  this  woold  teach  me 
More  to  admire  and  serre  her.     You  are  not  worthy 

'   To  fall  as  sacrifices  to  appease  her ; 

!   And  therefore  live  till  your  own  envy  burst  you. 

1       Isab.  All  is  in  vain ',  he  is  not  to  be  moved. 
Man.  She  has  bewitch'd  him. 
Pesr.  Tis  so  past  belief. 
To  me  it  shews  a  fable. 

Enter  Fraxcisco,  spesAii^  to  a  Servant  within. 

Fran.  On  thy  life. 
Provide  my  horses,  and  without  the  port 
With  care  attend  me. 

Serv,  [wiihinJ]  1  shall,  my  lord. 

Grac.  He's  come. 
What  gimcrack  have  we  next  •  ? 

Fran,  Great  sir. 

Sjor.  Francisco, 
Though  all  the  joys  in  women  are  fled  from  me. 
In  thee  I  do  embrace  the  full  delight 
That  I  can  hope  from  man. 

Fran.  I  would  impart. 
Please  you  to  lend  your  ear,  a  weighty  secret, 
I  am  in  labour  to  deliver  to  you. 

Sfor,  All  leave  the  room.  Excuse  me,  good  Pescara, 
£re  long  I  will  wait  on  you. 

Pe$e.  You  speak,  sir. 
The  language  I  should  use., 

Sfor.  Be  within  call. 
Perhaps  we  may  have  use  of  you. 

Tib.  We  sbiU  sir. 

lExeunt  all  but  Sforta  and  Francitco. 

Sfor.  Say  on,  my  comfort. 

Fran.  Comfort !  no,  your  torment. 
For  90  my  fate  appoints  me.  I  could  curse 
The  hour  that  gave  me  being. 

Sfor.  What  new  monsters 
Of  misery  stand  ready  to  devour  me  T 
Let  them  at  once  dispatch  me. 

Fran.  Draw  your  sword  then. 
And,  as  you  wish  your  own  peace,  quickly  kill  me ; 
Consider  not,  but  do  it. 

Sfor.  Art  thou  mad  ? 

Fran.  Or,  if  to  take  my  life  be  too  much  mercy. 
As  death,  indeed,  concluaes  all  human  sorrows. 
Cat  off  my  nose  and  ears ;  pull  out  an  eye. 
The  other  only  left  to  lend  me  light 
To  see  my  own  deformities.     Why  was  I  bom 
Without  some  mulct  imposed  on  me  by  nature  ? 
Would  from  my  youth  a  loathsome  leprosy 
Had  run  upon  this  face,  or  that  my  breath 
Had  been  infectious,  and  so  made  me  shunn*d 
Of  all  societies !  curs'd  be  he  that  taught  me 
Discourse  or  manners,  or  lent  any  grace 
lliat  makes  the  owner  pleasing  in  the  eye 
Of  wanton  women  !  since  those  parts,  which  others 
Value  as  blesi^inga,  are  to  me  afflictions. 
Such  mv  condition  is. 


*  ff^at  gimcrack  have  we  nertf]  It  may  be  that  Coxeter 
has  hit  apoD  the  right  worti ;  trot  the  ant  syllable  is  omitted 
in  ttie  old  copies ;  probalHy  It  was  of  an  olfcnsive  tendency. 
Besides  the  terror  of  the  law  that  hong;  over  the  poet's  head 
alK>at  tbb  time,  the  Master  of  the  Revt-ls  Icept  a  scratinising 
eye  upon  every  passage  of  an  indecent  indecent  for  the 
times;  or  profane  tendency.  It  is  Massinger's  pecoliar  praise, 
that  be  is  altogether  firec  Itom  the  htter. 


Sfor,  1  am  on  the  rack  : 
Dissolve  this  doubtful  riddle*. 

Fran.  That  I  alone. 
Of  all  mankind,  tluit  stand  most  bound  to  love  you, 
And  study  your  content,  should  be  appointed. 
Not  by  my  will,  but  forc^  by  cruel  tate. 
To  be  your  g^reatest  enemy !  —not  to  hold  you 
In  this  amazement  longer,  in  a  word. 
Your  dutchess  loves  me. 

5^ar.  Loves  thee  ? 

Fran.  Is  road  for  me. 
Pursues  me  hourly. 

Sfor.  Oh  ! 

r'ran.  And  from  hence  g^w 
Her  late  neglect  of  you. 

Sfor,  O  women !  women  ! 

Fran.  1  laboured  to  divert  her  by  persuasion. 
Then  urged  your  much  love  to  her,  and  the  danger ; 
Denied  her,  and  with  scorn. 

Sfor,  'Twas  like  thvself. 

Fran.    But  when  I  saw  her  smile,  then  heard  her 
Bay, 
Your  love  and  extreme  dotage  as  a  cloak. 
Should  cover  our  embraces,  and  your  power 
Fright  others  from  suspicion  ;  and  all  favours 
That  should  preserve  her  in  her  innocence. 
By  lust  inverted  to  be  used  as  bawds  ; 
I  could  not  but  in  duty  (though  I  know 
That  the  relation  kills  in  you  all  hope 
Of  peace  hereafter,  and  in  me  'twill  shew 
Both  base  and  poor  to  rise  up  her  accuser) 
Freely  discover  it. 

Sfor,  Eternal  plagues 
Pursue  and  overtake  her  !  for  her  sake, 
To  all  posterity  may  he  prove  a  cuckold. 
And,  like  to  me,  a  thing  so  miserable 
As  words  may  not  express  him,  that  gives  trust 
To  all  deceiving  women  !  Or,  since  it  is 
The  will  of  heaven,  to  preserve  mankind, 
lliat  we  must  know  and  couple  with  these  serpents, 
No  wise  man  ever,  taught  by  my  example. 
Hereafter  use  his  wife  with  more  respect 
Than  he  would  do  bis  horse  that  does  him  service  -, 
Base  woman  being  in  her  creation  made 
A  slave  to  man.     But,  like  a  village  nurse, 
Stand  I  now  cursing  and  considering,  when 
The  tamest  fool  would  do ! — Within  there !  Stephano, 

Tiberio,  and  the  rest. 1  will  be  sudden, 

And  she  shall  know  and  feel,  love  in  extremes 
Abused,  knows  no  degree  in  hatef. 

Enter  Tiberio  and  Stepiiano. 

Tib.  My  lord. 

Sfor,  Go  to  the  chamber  of  that  wicked  woman — 

Stephf  What  wicked  woman,  sir? 

Sfor.  The  devil,  my  wife. 
Force  a  rude  entry,  and,  if  she  refuse 
To  follow  you,  drag  her  hither  by  the  hair, 
And  know  no  pity  ;  any  gentle  usage 
To  her  will  call  on  cruelty  from  me. 
To  such  as  show  it. — Stand  you  staring !  Go, 
And  put  my  will  in  act. 

*  Diaeolve  this  doabtful  riddle.]  Oar  old  writers  used 
dluolve  and  eolve  indiscriminately '."or,  if  they  made  any 
dilterence,  it  was  in  favoor  of  the  former  : 

"  he  Is  pointed  at 

For  the  fine  coartier,  the  woman's  roan. 
That  tells  my  lady  stories,  ditaolve*  riddles." 

The  Quern  qf  Corinth. 
f  — —  no  degree  in  hate.]    For  no  degree  in  hait,  the 
modern  editors  very  incorrectly  read,  no  decree  of  hate. 

G  « 


84 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


[Act  V. 


S*eph,  There's  no  disputing. 

TiL  But  'tis  a  tempest  on  the  sudden  raised, 
Who  durst  hare  dreom'd  of? 
I  r^'^^'  Tiberio  and  Stepkano, 

Sfar.  Nay,  since  she  dares  damnation, 
I'll  be  a  fury  to  her. 

Fran,  Yet,  gjeot  sir, 
Exceed  not  in  your  fury  j  she's  yet  guilty 
Only  in  her  intent. 

Sf'or,  Intent,  Francisco ! 
i   It  does  include  all  fact ;  and  I  might  sooner 
He  won  to  pardon  treason  lo  my  crown. 
Or  one  that  kill'd  my  father. 

Fran,  You  are  wise. 
And  know  what's  best  to  do : — ^yet,  if  you  please, 
To  prove  her  temper  to  the  height,  say  only 
That  I  am  dead,  and  then  observe  how  &r 
She'll  be  transported.     I'll  remove  a  little. 
Hut  be  within  your  call.     Now  to  the  upshot? 
Ilowe'er  I'll  shift  for  one.  [Exit. 

I   Be-enter  Tibesio,  Stephano,  and  Guard  with  Mar- 

CELLA. 

Marc,  Where  is  this  monster, 
I'his  walking  tree  of  jealousy,  this  dreamer, 
This  horned  beast  tliat  would  be?  Oh!  are  you  here. 
Is  it  by  your  commandment  or  allowance,  [sir, 

1  am  thus  basely  used  ?  Which  of  my  virtues. 
My  labours,  services,  and  cares  to  please  you. 
For.  to  a  man  suspicious  and  unthankful. 
Without  a  blush  I  may  be  mine  own  trumpet. 
Invites  this  barbarous  course?  dare  you  look  on  me 
Without  a  seal  of  shame? 

Sfor,  Impudence, 
How  ugly  thou  appear 'st  now !  thy  intent 
To  be  a  whore,  leaves  thee  not  blood  enough 
To  make  an  honest  blush  ;  what  had  the  act  done? 

Marc.  Return 'd  thee  the  dishonour  thou  deservest, 
Ihough  willingly  I  had  ^iven  up  myself 
To  every  common  letcher. 

Sf'or,  Your  chief  minion, 
Your  chosen  favourite,  your  woo'd  Francisco, 
Has  dearly  paid  for't ;  for,  wretch !  know,  he's  dead, 
A  nd  by  my  hand. 

Marc,  The  bloodier  villain  thou  ! 
But  'tis  not  to  be  wondered  at,  thy  love 
Does  know  no  otlier  object : — thou  hast  kill'd  then, 
A  man  I  do  profess  I  loved ;  a  man 


For  whom  a  thousand  queens  might  well  be  rivals. 
But  he,  I  speak  it  to  thy  teetli,  tiiat  dares  be 
A  jealous  fool,  dares  be  a  murderer. 
And  knows  no  end  in  mischief. 

Sfar.  1  begin  now 
In  this  my  iustice.  [Siab$  her. 

Marc.  Oh !  I  have  fool'd  myself 
Into  my  grave,  and  only  grieve  for  that 
Which,  when  you  know  youVe  slain  an  iiiDOoent, 
You  needs  must  suffer. 

Sfor,  An  innocent !     Let  one 
Call  in  Francisco,  for  he  lives,  vile  creature, 

[£nl  Stephana. 
To  justify  thy  falsehood,  and  how  often. 
With  whorisn  flatteries  thou  liast  tempted  him  ; 
I  being  only  fit  to  live  a  stale, 
A  bawd  and  property  to  your  wantonness. 

Re-enter  Siepuano. 

Steph,  Signior  Francisco,  sir,  but  even  now. 
Took  horse  without  ihe  porta. 

Marc,  We  are  botli  abused, 
And  both  by  him  undone.    Stay,  death,  a  little. 
Till  I  have  clear'd  me  to  my  lord,  and  then* 
I  willingly  obey  thee.     O  my  Sforza ! 
Francisco  was  not  tempted,  but  the  tpinpter ; 
And,  as  he  thought  to  win  me,  shew*d  toe  warrant 
That  you  sign'd  for  my  death. 

Sj'or,  Then  I  believe  thee  ; 
Believe  thee  innocent  too. 

Marc,  But,  being  contemn 'd, 
U]>on  his  knees  wi(h  tears  he  did  beseech  me. 
Not  to  reveal  it ;  I,  soft-hearted  fool. 
Judging  his  penitence  true,  was  won  unto  it : 
Indeed,  tlie  unkindness  to  he  sentenced  by  yon, 
Hefore  that  I  wns  guilty  in  a  thought, 
Mnde  me  put  on  a  seeming  angt-r  towards  yon, ' 
And  now — behold  tlie  issue.     As  1  do. 
May  heaven  forgive  you  !  [Dio. 

Tib.  Her  sweet  soul  has  left 
Her  beauteous  prison. 

Steph,  Look  to  the  duke ;  he  stands 
As  if  he  wanted  motion. 

Tib.  Grief  hath  stopp'd 
The  orgiin  of  his  s]>eech. 

Steph.  Take  up  this  body, 
And  call  for  his  physicians. 

Sfor,  O  my  heart-strings !  [£m«t 


ACT  V. 


SCENE  I^ — The  Milanese.     A  Room  in  Eugenia's 
Houte, 

Enter  Francisco  and  Evof.ni a  in  male  attire, 

Fran,  Why,    couldst  thou    think,  Eugenia    that 
rewarcis, 
j  Graces,  or  favours,  though  strew'd  thick  upon  me, 
'  Could  ever  bribe  me  to  forget  mine  honour  ? 
Or  that  I  tamely  would  sit  down,  before 
I  had  dried  tliese  eyes  still  wet  with  showers  of  tears. 
By  the  fire  of  my  revenge  ?  look  up,  my  dearest ! 
For  that  proud  lair,  that,  thief-like,  stepi»'d  between 
I'hy  promised  hopes,  and  robb'd  thee  of  a  fortune 


Almost  in  thy  possession,  hath  found,^ 

With  horrid  proof,  his  love,  she  tliought  lier  glory. 

And  an  assurance  of  all  happiness. 

But  hastened  her  sad  ruin. 

Eug.  Do  not  flatter 
A  fi:rief  that  is  beneath  it ;  for.  however 
The  credulous  duke  to  me  proved  false  and  cniel. 
It  is  impossible  he  could  be  wrought 

*  JW  I  have  clear'd  me  to  mp  l&nl,and  then]  Tkblsihr 
rrading  of  the  fini  qoiirtn :  the  wrund,  which  b  thai  MIowmI 
by  ih«  modern  edi.ori,  gives  Ihe  line  ia  ihis  •■■ircrkirf 
manner: 

TUt  /  havf  ctetar'd  mynrlf  onto  mtg  tord^mmd  tkmi 


?=CKNK    I.] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


H5 


To  look  on  ber,  but  witb  the  eyes  of  dotage, 
And  so  to  tenre  ber. 

Fran.  8ucb,  indeed,  I  grant, 
The  tttreem  of  bis  sffection  was,  and  ran 
A  constant  courae,  tiJl  I,  witb  cunning  malice. 
And  yet  I  wrong  my  act,  for  it  was  justice. 
Made  it  turn  backward  ;  and  bate,  in  extremes, — 
(-Ix>Te  banisb*d  from  bis  beart,)  to  fill  the  room  : 
In  a  word,  know  tbe  fair  Marcelia*s  dead*. 

Eti^.  Dead!  [you? 

From,  And  by  Sforza's  band.     Does  it  not  move 
How  coldly  Tou  receive  it !     I  expected 
Tbe  mere  relation  of  so  great  a  blessing, 
Bom  proudly  on  tbe  wings  of  sweet  revenge. 
Would  bave  call'd  on  a  sacrifice  of  tbanks, 
And  joy  not  to  be  bounded  or  conoeal*d« 
Yoa  entertain  it  witb  a  look,  as  if 
Yoa  wisb'd  it  were  undone. 

Eug.  Indeed  I  do : 
For,  if  my  sorrows  could  receive  addition. 
Her  sad  nte  would  increase,  not  lessen  tbem. 
Sbe  never  injured  me,  but  entertain'd 
A  fortune  bumblv  offer'd  to  ber  band, 
Wbicb  a  wise  faidv  gladly  would  bave  kneel'd  for. 
Unless  yon  would  impute  it  as  a  crime, 
Sbe  was  more  iair  tban  I,  and  bad  discretion 
Not  to  deliver  up  ber  virgin  fort,  [teara, 

Tbo>ttgb  strait  besieged  witb  flatteries,  vows,  and 
Until  the  churob  bad  made  it  safe  and  lawful. 
And  bad  I  been  tbe  mistress  of  ber  judgment 
And  constant  temper,  skilful  in  tbe  knowledge 
Of  man's  malicious  ^sebood,  I  bad  never. 
Upon  bis  bell-deep  oatbs  to  marry  me, 
Given  up  mv  hdr  name,  and  my  maiden  bononr, 
To  bis  foul  lust  ;  nor  lived  now,  being  branded 
In  tbe  forebead  for  bis  wbore,  tbe  scorn  and  sbame 
Of  all  good  women. 

Fran.  Have  you  tben  no  gall. 
Anger,  or  spleen,  familiar  to  your  sex  1 
Or  is  it  possible  tbat  you  could  see 
Another  to  possess  what  was  your  due. 
And  not  grow  pale  witb  envy  ? 

Eug,  Yes,  of  him 
Tbmt  did  deceive  me.    There's  no  passion,  tbat 
A  maid  so  injured  ever  could  partaxe  of. 
But  1  bave  dearlv  sufier'd.    These  three  yean. 
In  my  desire  ana  kbour  of  revenue, 
I'mstad  to  you,  I  bave  endured  uie  throes 
Of  teeming  women  ;  and  will  baxard  all 
Fate  can  inflict  on  me,  but  I  will  reach 
Thy  heart,  fiilse  Sforsa  !  You  have  trifled  witb  me, 
Anid  not  proceeded  with  that  fiery  seal 
1  look'd  for  from  a  brother  of  your  spirit. 
Sorrow  forsake  me,  and  all  signs  of  grief 
Farewell  for  ever.    Vengeance,  arm^d  witb  fury. 
Possess  me  wholly  now! 

Frmm.  IIm  reason,  sister. 
Of  ibis  strange  metamorphosis  ? 

Emg,  Ask  thy  feara : 
Thy  base,  unmanlv  fean,  thv  poor  delays. 
Thy  dull  forffetfuineas  equal  with  death  ; 
My  wroofl',  else,  and  the  scandal  which  can  never 
Be  waah'd  oflT  from  our  house,  but  in  bis  blood. 
Would  have  stirr'd  up  a  cowud  to  a  deed 
In  which,  though  he  bad  fallen,  tbe  brave  intent 
Had  crown'd  itself  with  a  fair  monument 


•  /»  a  ward,  kmtw  tkejmir  MoreeUa'a  dead.]  Cos«ier  mid 
Mr.  M.  Mmmu  emit  Uw  anicic,  wUcH  ailcdy  dciiruya  iIm 
rhjchmofthcliM. 


Of  noble  resolution.     In  this  sliapo 

I  hope  to  get  access  ;  and,  then,  with  shame. 

Hearing  my  sudden  execution,  judge 

What  honour  thou  hast  lost,  in  being  transcended 

By  a  weak  woman. 

Fran.  Still  mine  own,  and  dearer ! 
And  yet  in  this  you  but  pour  oil  on  fire. 
And  offer  your  assistance  where  it  needs  not. 
And,  that  you  may  perceive  I  lay  not  fallow. 
But  bad  your  wrongs  stamp'd  deeply  on  my  heart 
By  the  iron  pen  of  vengeance,  1  attempted. 
By  whoring  ber,  to  cuckold  him  :  tbat  failing, 
I  did  begin  bis  tragedy  in  her  death. 
To  which  it  served  as  prologue,  and  will  make 
A  memorable  story  of  your  fortunes 
In  my  assured  revenge  :  Only  best  sister. 
Let  us  not  lose  ourselves  in  tbe  performance. 
By  your  rash  undertaking  ;  we  will  be 
As  sudden  as  you  could  wisib. 

Eug.  Upon  those  terms 
I  3rield  myself  and  cause,  to  be  disposed  of 
As  you  think  fit. 

Enttr  a  Servant. 

Fran.  Thy  purpose  ? 

Serv.  There  s  one  Graccho, 
That  followed  you,  it  seems,  upon  the  track, 
Since  you  left  Milan,  that's  importunate 
To  have  access,  and  will  not  be  denied  ; 
His  haste,  he  says,  concerns  you. 

Fran.  Bring  nim  to  me.  [  Rrit  Servant, 

Tliougb  he  hath  laid  an  ambush  for  my  life. 
Or  apprehension,  yet  I  will  prevent  him. 
And  work  mine  own  ends  out. 

Enter  Graccho. 

Grac,  Now  for  m^  whipping  ! 
And  if  I  now  outstrip  him  not,  and  catch  him, 
And  by  a  new  and  strange  way  too,  hereafter 
I'll  swear  there  are  worms  in  my  brains.         [Ande, 

Fran.  Now,  my  good  Graccho  ; 
We  meet  as  'twere  by  miracle. 

Grac.  Love,  and  duty. 
And  vigilance  in  me  for  my  lord's  safety. 
First  taught  me  to  imagine  you  were  here. 
And  then  to  follow  you.    All's  come  forth,  my  lord, 
Tbat   you  could   wish   conceal'd.      The  dutcbess' 

wound, 
In  the  duke's  rage  put  home,  yet  gnve  ber  leave 
To  acquaint  him  with  your  practices,  which  your 
Did  easily  roofinn.  ["ight 

Fran,  This  I  expected  : 
But  sure  you  come  provided  of  good  counsel, 
To  help  in  my  extremes 

Grac,  I  would  not  hurt  you.  [death  ; 

Fran,  How  !  hurt  me  ?  such  another  word's  thy 
Why,  dar'st  thou  think  it  can  fidl  in  thy  will. 
To  outlive  what  I  determine  ? 

Grac.  How  he  awes  me  I  [Aside. 

Fran.  Be  brief;  what  brought  thee  hither  ? 

Grac.  Care  to  inform  you 
You  are  a  condemn'd  man,  puraued  and  sought  for. 
And  your  bead  rated  at  ten  thousand  ducaU 
To  bmi  tbat  brings  iL 

Fran,  Very  good. 

Grac.  All  passages 
Are  intercepted,  and  choice  troops  of  horse 
Scour  o'er  tbe  neighbour  plains ;  your  picture  sent 
To  every  state  confederate  with  Milan  : 
That,  though  I  grieve  to  speak  it,  in  my  judgment. 


So  iljiclr  your  dunj^rt  iii«t,  uid  rtm  upon  you, 
It  la  iruposaibte  yoti  fthould  escape 
Their  curious  search. 

Kug.  Wliy,  let  us  tlipn  turn  Roniani, 
And,  falling  hy  our  own  liand.4,  iiiock  their  thiemU, 
And  dreadful  prepnmtiofift. 

Fran.  "Twould  fihow  oobly  ; 
rtut  that  t}w  honour  of  our  full  reTon^ 
\\>re  ]out  in  tlie  rash  action.     No,  I^ugenia, 
Grat'cho  is  wise,  niy  fnt^iid  loo,  noi  my  serTiuit^ 
And  1  dare  tru<3t  hira  witli  my  latest  secret. 
We  wouhl,  fljid  thmu  must  help  us  lo  perform  it, 
First  kill  the  duke — then,  fall  what  can  upon  ua  I 
For  injuries  nri'  writ  in  brass,  Vintl  Ciracchc*, 
And  not  To  he  forjjejttmi. 

i'trac.  He  instructs  me  [Aaide, 

What  J.  should  do. 

Fran,  \V hut's  that  ? 

Grac,  I  labour  v%ith 
A  54trong  desire  to  iiNSt>it  \0M  with  my  ser^Mce  ; 
And  DOW  I  am  deliverVJ  oft. 

Fran.  I  told  you, 
Spf'uk,  mv  oraculou^  Graccho. 

Grac.  I  havt*  heard,  sir, 
Of  men  m  debt  that,  lay'd  lor  by  their  creditors, 
In  all  such  places  w  here  it  could  b^  thoucdit 
Thin'  would  take  shelter,  cho^*.  for  sajictuan% 
TJieir  lodt^ngs  undemeath  their  cruditoru*  uosefi. 
Or  near  that  prison  to  whicli  they  were  desig:n'd^ 
If  ajiprehendi  d  ;  confident  that  tJier© 
I'hey  nev*?r  should  b«  sought  for. 

Fuf^,  'Tis  a  strange  one  ! 

Fran,  hut  what  infer  you  from  it? 

Crac.  This,  my  lord  i 
That,  since  all  ways  of  your  escnpe  nre  atojipM, 
hi  *^lilan  only,  or,  what's  more,  in  the  court, 
Whither  it  is  preiiumHl  yon  dare  not  come, 
CoiJCeard  in  ftome  disguise,  you  m«y  live  safe. 

Frtin,  And  not  to  be  dijscover'd  I 

Grac,  Hut  bv  myself.  [Gracc!io. 

Fnin,  Uy   thee  I     Alas  1    I    Vuow    thee    honest 
And  1  will  |iut  thy  couriHel  into  act, 
And  Jiuddenly.     \'et^  not  to  be  iinjjfmteful 
Fnr  all  tliy  loving  travail  to  preserve  me, 
Whiit  bloody  end  soe'er  my  stiir*  iippoint,       [there  ? 
Thou  shult  ibe  wife,  good  Gractho, — Wlio's  wjihio 

Grac.  In  the  devil's  name,  what  iiitana  ho*  ! 
Enter  Servants. 

Frfffi,  Take  my  friend 
Into  your  custody,  aacJ  bind  him  fast  j 
I  would  not  part  with  him. 

Gntr.  Mv  gowl  loi*d, 

F'pflit.  Disjialch  : 
Tis  for  your  pood,  to  keep  yon  honest.  Gracclio: 
I  would  Mot  have  ten  thousand  ducats  tempt  you, 
Bemg  of  a  soft  and  wax-lik«  disposition. 
To  [»biy  the  tnutor  -,  nyr  a  foolish  itt^li 
To  be  revenged  for  your  lute  excel  lent  whipping. 
Give  yoti  the  opjjtortunity  to  differ 
ftly  head  for  sutiAfuction.     Why,  tliou  fool  f 
1  unii  look  tJjrough  nud  through  thee ;  thy  intenta 
Appear  to  me  as  written  in  thy  forehetid 
In  plaia  and  eii»y  elkartictera  :  and  but  that 


•  Grac*  In  thr  dt-viPM  tu/mr,  itftat  mfom  he .']  Th*  tcond 
diiiirh*  mnh*  lltr  ndjnr^liwti  and  UJJicly  rr^tb,-  u<Aa/  tntiittM 
kef  The  Ucctiincr,  Ui  niauy  cawts,  fcems  to  luvt  m  ted  <*- 
prLtivniily ;  hrrc.  «i  Hrll  «*  hi  wvefftl  ruber  clicr i,  he  li»a 
«ir^iii»ta  4t  »  KM«f  and  ftAnllowrd  a  caaHl.  Tbe  «xpr4:»sbii 
ti4s  already  uccurred  in  the  CnHaiurat  Combai. 


I  scorn  a  slave's  boas  blood  should  mat  that  awotd 
That  from  a  prince  expects  a  scarlet  die. 
Thou  now  wert  dend  ^  but  live,  only  to  pnf 
For  good  sueceaa  to  erown  my  undertakings; 
And  then,  at  my  return,  perhaps  TU  free  thee. 
To  make  me  further  siwirt.     Away  with  him  ' 
I  wdl  not  h«u*  a  sylbnle. 

[Binint  Srri^ntt  with  Gracrkm, 
We  must  truAt 
Ourselves,  Eugenia  ;  and  though  we  make  use  of 
The  coun^l  of  our  servants,  that  oil  spent. 
Like  snuffs  that   do  ofiend,   we  tretui   them  out.-^ 
But  now  to  our  last  scene,  whic:b  we'll  so  carry. 
That  fiiUiV  shall  understand  how  'twiki  begun. 
Till  all,  with  half  an  eye,  mjiy  a«e  *Qa  dmifeew 


SCENE  If.— Mihin.     A  Rnnm  in  (A#  G»rt/#. 
Efitfr  PLsi'^nA,  TiBiLitia,  and  $iti'tt4!MJi» 

Feic,  1  he  like  wa«  never  n?ad  of. 

Suph.  In  my  judgement^ 
To  nil  tliat  fthall  but  beer  it,  'twill  app«iir 
A  most  impossible  fable, 

Tib.  For  Francisco, 
]\Iy  wonder  is  tlie  less,  because  tbera  at« 
Too  many  precedents  of  unthankful  men 
Raised  up  to  greatness,  which  have  after  studied 
The  rum  ot  tbeir  makers. 

istffih.  But  tltat  melancholy, 
Tlinugb  oifiing  in  distraction,  shonld  work 
So  far  U)ion  a  man,  as  to  comfiel  him 
To  court  %  thing  that  has  nor  sense  nor  bcuig. 
Is  unto  mti  a  nunicle, 

Fw.  Troth,  I'll  tell  you. 
And  briefly  as  1  can,  by  what  clegreea 
He  fell  inlo  this  mudness.     \\  hfo,  by  the  care 
Of  his  physicians,  he  was  brought  lo  life, 
Atj  be  hud  only  |mss*d  a  fearful  dream. 
And  bad  not  acted  what  1  grieve  to  think  on, 
He  cnlFd  fur  fair  Alarcelia,  and  being  told 
1  hut  she  was  dead,  he  broke  forth  in  extremea, 
(1    would    not    say   blasphemed,)   tmd    chi*d  that  || 

heuven, 
For  all  the  offence*  that  mankind  could  do. 
Would  never  be  *o  cruel  as  to  rob  it 
Of  so  much  sweetness,  and  of  »o  much  good] 
That  not  alone  was  sacred  in  herself, 
But  did  preserve  all  others  innocent, 
Thrtt  had  but  converse  witb  her*     l*h«n  it 
Into  his  fancy  that  *he  wns  accused 
By  his  mother  and  his  sister ;  ihrice  be  cursed  iImb 
And  thrice  his  desperate  hand  waa  on  Uia  sword 
T'have  kiird  them  both;  but  he  restrain d, and tber 
Shunning  his  fury,  spite  of  »U  prevention 
He  would  have  tiiru'd  his  rage  upon  himself; 
When  wisely  his  pbyitieiaus  loolung  on 
The  dutchesa' wound,  to  »tny  his  ready  liond. 
Cried  out,  it  was  not  mortkil. 

Tib,  TwaH  well  thou  girl  on» 

Fe»r.  1  Ih  t-aMilv  helieviiig  what  he  wi^li^d. 
More  than  a  perpftuity  of  ideasure 
In  any  object  vine  ;  flattered  by  hoiie. 
Forgetting  his  own  greatuess,  he  fell  prckstnlie 
At  the  doctor's  feet,  imphjrid  thnr  aid,  uud 
Pro\-ided  they  recover  a  her,  he  would  live 
A  private  man.  and  they  should  shore  his  duk*deaa* 
Tliey  seem'd  to  promise  iair,  and  every  hour 
Vary  their  Judgmcnta,  as  tlie)  hud  his  tit 


Scene  III.] 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


87 


To  suffer  intermission  or  extremes  : 
For  his  bebariour  t 


S/or,  [withUi.]  As  you  hare  pity. 
Support  ner  gently. 

Peso,  Now,  be  your  own  witnesses ; 
I  am  prerented. 

Enter  Sporza,  Isabella,    Mariana,   Doctors  and 
Servants  wUh  the  Body  cf  Marcs.ua. 

SfcfT.  Ourefully,  I  beseech  you. 
The  gentlest  touch  torments  her ;  and  then  think 
What  I  shall  suffer.     O  yon  earthly  gods, 
You  second  natures,  that  from  your  great  master. 
Who  join'd  the  limbs  of  torn  Hippolitus, 
And  drew  upon  himself  the  Thunderer's  enry. 
Are  tauf  ht  those  hiddeu  secrets  that  restore 
To  life  death-wounded  men  !  yon  hare  a  patient, 
On  whom  to  express  the  excellence  of  art. 
Will  bind  even  heaven  your  debtor,  though  it  pleases 
To  make  your  hsnds  the  organs  of  a  work 
The  saints  will  smile  to  loM  on,  and  good  angels 
Clap  their  celestial  wings  to  give  it  plaudits. 
How  pale  and  wan  she  looks !  O  pardon  me, 
That  I  presume  (died  o*er  with  bloody  guilt. 
Which  makes  me,  I  confess,  far,  far  unworthy) 
To  touch  this  snow-white  hand.     How  cold  it  is  ! 
This  once  was  Cupid's  6re-brand,  and  still 
'Tis  so  to  me.     How  slow  her  pulses  beat  too ! 
Vet.  in  this  temper,  she  is  all  perfection. 
And  mistress  of  a  heat  so  full  oi  sweetness. 
The  blood  of  virgins,  in  their  pride  of  youth. 
Are  balls  of  snow  or  ice  compared  unto  her. 

Afori.  Is  not  this  strange? 

Itah.  Oh  !  cross  him  not,  dear  daughter  ; 
Our  conscience  tells  us  we  have  been  abused, 
Wrought  to  accuse  the  innocent,  and  with  him 
Are  guilty  of  a  fiict 

Enter  a  Servant,  ani  whispers  Pescara. 

Maru  lis  now  past  help. 

Pese.  Withmel    Whatishel 

Serv.  He  has  a  strange  aspect ; 
A  Jew  by  birth,  and  a  physician 
By  his  profession,  as  he  says,  who,  hearing 
Of  the  duke's  frensy,  on  the  forfeit  of 
His  life  will  undertake  to  render  him 
Perfect  in  every  part : — ^provided  that 
Your  lordship's  mvour  gain  him  free  access. 
And  yonr  power  with  the  duke  a  safe  protection, 
Till  the  great  work  be  ended. 

Pete  Bring  me  to  him ; 
As  I  find  cause.  111  do.  [  Exeunt  Pete,  and  Serv, 

Sfor,  How  sound  she  sleeps ! 

Heaven  keep  her  from  a  letlwrgy ! How  long 

(But  answer  me  with  comfort,  1  beseech  you) 
Does  your  sure  judgment  tell  you,  that  these  lids. 
That  cover  richer  jewels  than  themselves. 
Like  envious  night,  will  bar  these  glorious  suns 
From  shining  on  me  7 

1  DoeL  We  have  given  her,  sir, 
A  sleepy  potion,  that  will  hold  her  long. 
That  she  may  be  less  sensible  of  the  torment 
The  searching  of  her  woond  will  put  her  to. 

ft  Doet.  She  now  feels  little ;  but,  if  we  should 
wake  her. 
To  hear  her  speak  would  fright  both  us  and  you, 
And  therefore  dare  not  hasten  it. 

Sfor,  lampsitieBt. 
Yon  see  I  do  not  rage,  bat  wait  your  pleasure. 
What  do  you  think  she  dreams  of  now  ?  f6r  sure. 


Although  her  body's  organs  are  bound  fast, 
Her  fancy  cannot  slumber. 

1  Doct,  That,  sir,  looks  on 
Your  sorrow  foryour  late  rash  act,  with  pity 
Of  what  you  suffer  for  it,  and  prepares 
To  meet  the  free  confession  of  your  guilt 
With  a  glad  pardon. 

Sfor,  She  was  ever  kind  f 
And  her  displeasure,  though  call'd  on,  short-lived 
Upon  the  least  submission.     O  you  Powers. 
That  can  convey  our  thoughts  to  one  another 
Without  the  aid  of  eyes  or  ears,  asi$ist  me ! 
Let  her  behold  me  in  a  pleasing  dream 
Thus,  on  my  knees  before  her  ;  (yet  thst  duty 
In  me  is  not  sufficient ;)  let  her  see  me 
Compel  my  mother,  from  whom  I  took  life. 
And  til  is  my  sister,  partner  of  my  being, 
To  bow  thus  low  unto  her ;  let  her  hear  us 
In  my  acknowledgment  freely  confess 
lliat  we  in  a  degree  as  high  are  guilty 
As  slie  is  innocent  Bite  your  tongues,  vile  creatures. 
And  let  your  inward  borrour  fright  your  souls, 
For  having  belied  that  pureness,  to  come  near  which, 
AH  women  that  posterity  can  bring  forth 
Must  be,  though  striving  to  be  good,  poor  rivals. 
And  for  that  dog  Frmici^co,  that  seduced  me. 
In  wounding  her,  to  rase  a  temple  built 
To  chastity  and  sweetneso,  let  her  know 
1*11  follow  him  to  hell,  but  I  will  find  him. 
And  there  live  a  fourth  fury  to  torment  him. 
Then,  for  this  cursed  hand  and  arm,  that  guided 
The  wicked  steel.  III  have  them,  joint  by  joint, 
With  burning  irons  sear'd  off",  which  I  will  eat, 
I  being  a  vulture  fit  to  taste  such  carrion  ; 
Lastly 

1  bod.  You  are  too  loud,  sir  ;  you  disturb 
Her  sweet  repose. 

Sfor,  I  am  hush'd.     Yet  give  us  leave, ' 
Thus  prostrate  at  her  feet,  our  eyes  bent  downwards, 
Unworthy  and  ashamed,  to  look  upon  her. 
To  expect  her  gracious  sentence. 

2  Doct,  He's  past  hope. 

1  Doct,  The  body  too  will  putnfy,  and  then 
We  can  no  longer  cover  the  imposture. 

Tib,  Which  in  his*  death  will  quickly  be  dis- 
I  can  but  weep  his  fortune.  [cover'd. 

Steph,  Yet  be  careful 
You  lose  no  minute  to  preserve  him ;  time 
May  lessen  his  distraction. 

Re-enter  Pescara,  with  Francisco  as  a  Jew  and 
Eugenia  disguised, 

Fran,  I  am  no  god,  sir. 
To  give  a  new  life  to  her ;  yet  I'U  hazard 
My  head,  I'll  work  the  senseless  trunk  t*  appear 
To  him  as  it  had  got  a  second  being. 
Or  that  the  soul  that's  fled  from't,  were  call'd  back 
To  govern  it  again.     1  will  preserve  it 
In  the  first  sweetness,  and  by  a  strange  vapour. 
Which  I'll  infuse  into  her  mouth,  create 
A  seeming  breath  ;  I'll  make  her  veins  run  high  too. 
As  if  they  had  true  motion. 

Peso,  Do  but  this, 
Till  we  use  means  to  win  upon  his  passions 
T'endure  to  hear  she's  dead  with  some  small  patience. 
And  make  thy  own  reward. 


•  Tib.  Which  in  his  death  will  quickly  be  dieeover'd,]  I 
know  not  how  the  inodera  editor*  understood  this  line,  bat 
for  Ms,  they  read,  her  death :  a  strange  sophistication  I 


m 


rifK  TJLTKK  OF  WILAN. 


[Act  W 


Fran,  Tbe  nrt  I  une 

AiliuiU  DO  Itviiker  tm  :  T  ori!y  Ask 

1  hi*  fuurtU  pmrt  oT  an  Lour  io  perfect  Unit 

1  boldly  ujidertdke. 

/*«<*.   I  will  procure  it. 

2  iJitrL  What  litninjrer's  tliiiT 

Pfit,  SiJoth  in*"  in  (ill  I  »iy  ; 
Thnrt*  is  R  inaiti  end  iti't. 

Fmn,  li<^w  ato  ! 

Kw*-,  I  am  wani'd, 

/Vjt.  Look  up,  sir,  cljeerfuTly  ;  comfort  in  mo 
Flowji  aitruugly  to  yuu. 

Sjfir,  From  wlit^nce  came  fhat  sound  f 
\Vtt5  it  from  my  Murct'liu  !   If  it  were» 
I  rtMi,  ujid  joy  wrjlj  g^iv©  me  wing*  to  mwt  if, 

Pf*e.  Nor  e»hall  your  expectation  be  deferr'd 
But  a  few  minutcis.     Your  pbjstitians  are 
M«re  voice,  und  no  pcrfonniiuce  ;  I  bnve  found 
A  umn  that  can  do  wondt^re*     Do  not  binder 
The  dntcbeiM'  wiah*d  recovery,  to  i^miuiro 
Or  what  he  i»,  or  to  givt*  thanks,  but  Iwive  him 
To  work  Uus  minjcJe. 

Sj'i^r,  Sure»  'tis  my  gooci  angel. 
I  do  obf'y  io  nil  things  ;  be  it  death 
For  any  to  disturb  him,  or  come  ntmr^ 
Till  he  be  pleased  to  call  ua.     O,  be  prosperous, 
And  make  a  duke  thy  bondman  ! 

[Eievnt  all  but  Fmnciieo  and  Eugtnm, 

Fran.  Tia  my  puqjose  ; 
If  tlmr  to  tall  a  lowg-wish'd  sncri6oo 
To  my  Fpvtjnge  can  be  a  benefic 
I'll  first  m»ke  fiiBt  the  doors  i — «o( 

Eti^,  \*m  amsse  me  : 
What  follows  now? 

Fran.  A  foil  conclusion 
Of  all  thy  wishes.     Look  on  this*  Eugenia, 
Even  such  a  thing,  the  proud  eat  fair  on  earth 
(  for  whose  delight  the  *»leraent8  are  rBnsack'd, 
And  art  with  nntur**  Htiidi»«d  to  j^reserir©  her,) 
Must  be»  w]i{>ri  she  is  .summoned  to  appear 
In  the  roun  of  death.     But  I  lose  time* 

Eug,  What  mean  you  ? 

Fran*  Disturb  me  not.    Your  ladyship  looks  pale ; 
But  I,  your  doctor,  hare  a  ceruse  for  yoy. 
See,  my  Eugeniii,  how  many  fnces, 
That  are  idomed  in  court,  borrow  these  helps, 

{Paints  the  chrekt. 
Aud  (jass  for  excellence,  when  the  better  put 
Of  them  are  like  to  tliis.     Your  mouth  smells  soar 
But  here  is  tJjat  shall  tike  awny  the  sc^nt  ;         [too, 
A  precious  antidote  o!d  hwlii'S  use,  [rottefi, 

When  they  wouhl    kiss,  knowing  their   gums   are 
These  hands  too,  that  dis4lnin*d  to  take«  touch 
From  any  lip,  whose  owner  wnt  not  loni, 
Are  now  but  as  the  coarsest  earth  i  but  1 
Am  at  the  charge,  my  bill  not  to  be  \md  too, 
Fo  give  thrm  seeming  beauty*     So  !   'us  done, 
Itow  do  vou  like  my  workmanship  T 

Eng.  1  tremble  : 
And  thus  totynnmize  upon  the  dead 
Is  most  inhuman, 

Frati*  Come  we  for  revenge. 
And  can  we  think  on  pity  ?  Now  to  the  upshot. 
And.  ai  it  proves,  applaud  it.     My  hml  the  duke, 
Enter  with  juVt  muI  f<v*^  tJie  stidileu  chmige 
Your  servant  s  hand  huth  wrought. 

Bf-itnifv  Si-oaxA  and  the  mt» 
SyW*  I  live  Ngnin 


f  o  my  full  contidence  tbftt  Mirroelia  mny 
Prtmounoe  my  purdoQ.     Can  aha  speak  jet  1 

Ffttii.  No: 
You  must  not  look  for  aU  your  jo ji  at  once ; 

'lliai  will  ask  longer  time. 

Pttc,  Tis  wondrous  strange  f 

Sftw*  B}'  all  the  dues  oi  lore  I  have  had  from  hn. 
Tins  hand  seems  as  it  was  when  first  I  ktss'd  it, 
Tho*e  lips  invite  too :  I  could  ever  feed 
Ifpon  tliKse  rtjsest  they  still  keep  tbetr  colour 
And  native  swtfetness  :  only  tlie  nectar's  wiintin|f. 
That,  ljk*»  the  morning  dew  in  flowery  May, 
Preserved  them  in  their  btniuty. 

Filler  GaACcno  fmUHjf* 

Grnc.  Treason,  treiwon  ! 

Tih.  Cull  up  tJie  gutird, 

FrtiH,  (Jniccho!  tht-n  we  are  lG«t, 

Gnic.  I  am  got  off.  ^ir  Jew  ;  «  bribe  hath  done  lt« 
For  all  your  M>rions  chsrg^e  ;  there's  no  diaguias 
Con  ke<»p  you  from  my  knowledge. 

Sfar.   Stif'Ak. 

(jTuc.  J  am  out  of  breath, 
But  this  ia-^^ 

Fran.  Spare  thy  luhtnir,  fool» — Fiwicisco  •• 

AIL  Monster  of  men  I 

Fran.  Give  me  all  attributes 
Of  all  yon  can  imagine,  yet  I  gtory 
To  be  the  thing  I  was  bom.     1  am  Fmncisca; 
Fnnicisco,  that  was  raised  by  yon.  and  made 
The  Ditnion  of  lh«  time  ;  the  same  Fmnrisoo, 
'fhat  would  have  whored  this  trunk,  when  it  Itaii  llfto; 
And,  after,  breiilhed  a  jealousy  u|Hin  che*^, 
As  killing  as  those  damps  thiit  In  Ich  out  plsguei 
When  the  foundatiou  of  the  earth  is  »hak**n: 
I  mude  tjiee  do  a  deed  heaven  wdl  not  j»afdc«n. 
Which  wos^ — to  kill  on  innoeenL 

Sj'or.  Call  fortli  the  tortures 
For  all  that  flesh  can  feel, 

Fran,  I  d<»re  the  wont  : 
Only,  to  yield  some  reason  to  Uie  world 
Whv  I  pur.tiipd  this  course,  look  on  this  fiw^. 
Made  old  liy  thy  base  falsehoorl ;  *Us  Eugenia. 

Sfifr.  Eugi»nia! 

A'mrK  Dot^s  it  start  yon,  sir?  my  ttster, 
S(*diiced  and  fuoi'd  hy  thee:  but  tboa  must  pay 
1'he  forfeit  of  thy  falsehoo«L     Does  it  not  work  jriCt< 
W^iato'er  becomes  of  me,  wliich  1  esteem  not. 
Thou  art  marked   for  the   grave :    I've  given   lliee 

fKiison 
fn  this  cup*,  (now  obaerve  me.)  which  thy  last 
Carousing  dt^^ply  of,  made  thee  forget 
Thv  vow'd  fiiitli  to  Hugenio. 

PfM"*  O  damn'd  villain  ! 

hitff.  How  do  you,  sir  I 

Sjor.  Ljk«  one 
That  lenrns  to  know  in  death  what  punishTnent 
Waits  on  l)ie  bretich  of  faith.     Oh  t  now  1  leel 


bntil  NViiwjil  uf  hii  (aili,  witli  «a  tfmphatic^l  repftitii*e  *irtJ* 
nam*,  *M  tbc  cntmirralioti  of  M*  »?i«m)  aci« 
whkh  bv  jaMlile*  rrum  ii  ■pirif  of  rcvrn^«,iii  «[) 
fsvt  rite  le  one  or  thp  iii4»»t  Jiniinatrrl   scru^n 


p«ctry.    Tbe  rrMler  ^ 

*rt  uf  Dr.  YuUM(;'i  F< 

4r:trndt  rvrry  crui*!    ,'  i 

t  /wpy^ 

in  thi*  cttpt  4kc.1    t  e.  in  > 

terrible  m:«ih!,  «ih1  h**  the   ^■. 

Italiitt  itory 


th4(   I    rricf 
7,An%n.  Iikr  praaici*rt»» 
I*  act   ttr  hm*  ciMnmmH 

orrlla.     Thit  i*  • 
-.^■^  Uk««  fVutii  toiDc 


Scene  II. 


THE  DUKE  OF  MILAN. 


89 


An  i£tna  in  my  entnilsw — 1  liETe  lived 
A  prince,  and  my  last  breath  shall  be  command. 
— I  bum,  I  burn  !  yet  ere  life  be  consumed, 
Let  me  pronounce  upon  this  wretch  all  torture 
That  witty  cruel^  can  invent. 

Pe$t.  Away  with  him  ! 

Tib.  In  all  things  we  will  serve  you. 

Fran.  Farewell,  sister ! 
Now  I  have  kept  mj  word,  torments  I  scorn : 
I  leave  the  wond  with  grlory.    They  are  men. 
And  leave  behind  them  name  and  memory. 
That  wrong 'd,  do  right  themselves  before  they  die. 
[Exeunt  Guard  wUh  Frane'aco, 

Steph,  A  desperate  wretch ! 

Sfor.  1  come :  Deadi !  I  obey  thee. 


Yet  I  will  not  die  raging  ;  for,  alas ! 
My  whole  life  was  a  frenzy.     Good  Eugenia, 
In  death  forgive  me. — As  vou  love  me,  bear  her 
To  some  religious  house,  there  let  her  spend 
The  remnant  of  her  life :  when  I  am  ashes, 
Perhaps  shell  be  appeased,  and  spare  a  prayer 
For  my  poor  soul.     Bury  me  with  Marceliu, 
And  let  our  epitaph  be [  Dies. 

Tib.  His  speech  is  stopt. 

Steph.  Already  dead  ? 

Pesc.  It  is  in  vain  to  labour 
To  call  him  back.     We'll  give  him  funeral. 
And  then  determine  of  the  state  affdrs  : 
And  learn,  from  this  example.  There's  no  trust 
In  a  foundation  that  is  built  on  lust.  [Ereiinf*. 


*  Mr.  M.  Muoo,  cODtrarv  to  hb  coclom,  has  given  an 
ftccoaot  of  this  pUy ;  bat  it  u  loo  looie  und  anaatUnctory  to 
be  prcaenled  to  the  reader.  He  has  obavrved,  indeed,  what 
coald  not  easily  be  missed,— the  beanty  of  Ihe  langnase,  the 
elevation  of  tlie  sentiments,  the  interesting  nature  of  the 
sitaatioos,  &c.  Bat  Ihe  interior  motive  of  the  piece, — llie 
spring  of  action  from  which  Ihe  tragic  events  are  made  lo 
flow, — seems  to  Iuit«  ntterly  escaped  him.  He  has  Uicen 
the  accessory  for  the  primary  passion  of  it,  and,  opon  his 
own  errur,  fonnded  a  comparison  between  the  Dube  qf 
Milam  and  OthtfUo.- But  let  ns  hear  Massinger  himself. 
Fearing  that,  in  a  reverse  of  fortune,  his  wife  may  fall  into 
the  possession  of  another,  Sforxa  gives  a  secret  order  for  her 
murder,  and  attributes  his  resoluaun  to  the  excess  of  his 
atuchment : 

**  Tis  more  than  love  to  her,  that  marlcs  her  out 
A  wish'd  companion  to  me  in  both  fortunes." 

Act  I.  so.  iii. 

This  Is  carefhlly  remembered  in  the  conference  between 
Marcelia  and  Francis<-o,  and  connected  with  the  le«liugs 
which  it  occasions  in  ler : 

" that  my  lord,  my  Sforxa,  should  esteem 

My  life  fit  only  »*  a  page,  to  wait  ou 

The  various  coarse  '^f  his  uncertain  fortunes ; 

Or  clierish  in  himself  that  sensual  hope. 

In  death  to  know  me  as  a  wife,  afflicts  me." 

Act  III.  sc.  ii. 
Upon  this  disapprobation  of  his  selfish  motive,  is  founded 
her  reserve  towards  him, — a  reserve,  however,  more  allied 
to  lendrmeM  than  to  anger,  atid  meant  as  a  pnident  correc- 
tive of  his  unreasonable  desin*s  Ani  fVom  this  reserve,  111 
interpreted  by  Sforaa,  proceeds  that  jealousy  of  bis  in  the 
fuarth  act,  which  Mr.  M.  Mason  will  have  lo  be  the  ground 
work  of  the  whole  subject ! 

BnC  if  Massinger  must  be  comiMred  with  somebody,  let  it 
be  with  himreir:  for,  as  the  reader  will  by  ami  by  perceive, 
ihe  Duhe  ^fMUan  has  more  »ub»lauti4l  conneK ion  with  the 
Picture  than  with  Othello.  In  his  axuri<NMness,— his  dieting 
entreutkn  of  his  wife's  favours, — his  abject  rtr^ncals  of  the 


mediation  of  others  for  biiu,  Ac.  8tc.  Sforxa  stmngly  resem- 
bles Ladislans ;  while  the  friendly  and  bold  reproofs  of  his 
fondness  by  Pcscara  and  Stephano  prrpare  us  for  the  rebukes 
afterwards  emploved  against  the  same  failing  by  the  intrepid 
kindness  of  Eubmus.  And  not  only  du  we  find  this  similai  ity 
in  some  of  the  leading  sentiments  of  the  two  plays,  but 
occasionally  the  very  language  of  the  one  is  carried  inio  Ihe 
other. 

As  lo  Ihe  action  itself  of  this  piece,  it  is  highly  animating 
and  interesting;  and  its  connexion,  at  the  very  opening,  with 
an  important  passaee  of  history,  prucures  fur  it  at  ouc«-  a 
decided  attention,  "nils  is,  for  Ihe  most  part, «« ell  maintained 
by  strong  and  rapid  alternaiions  of, fortune,  till  the  catastrophe 
i»  matured  by  the  ever-working  vengeance  of  FrMDciscii. 
Even  here,  the  author  his  contrived  a  novelty  of  interest 
little  expected  by  the  reader:  and  the  late  appearance  of  the 
injured  Eugenia  throws  a  fresh  emotion  into  the  conclusion 
of  the  play,  while  it  explains  a  ronsiderable  part  of  Ihe  plot, 
with  which,  indeed,  it  is  essenti-«llv  connected. 

The  character  of  Sforxa  himself  is  strongly  conceived. 
His  passionate  fondness  for  Marcelia,— his  sudden  rage  at  her 
apparent  coolness, — his  resolute  renunciation  of  her,— his 
speedy  repentance  and  ftretfnl  impatience  of  her  absence,— 
hts  vehement  defence  of  her  innocence,— his  quicic  and 
destructive  vengeance  against  her,  upon  a  false  assertion  of 
her  dishonour,— and  iiis  proirtrations  and  mad  embraces  of  her 
dead  body,— shew  the  force  of  dotage  and  hate  in  their  ex- 
tremes. His  actions  are  wild  and  ungovemed,  and  his  whole 
life  b  (as  he  says)  made  up  of  frenxy. 

One  important  lesson  is  to  be  drawn  from  the  principal 
feature  of  this  character.  From  Sforxa's  ill-rcgulate<l  fomi- 
ness  for  Marcelia  flows  his  own  order  for  her  murder.  The 
discovery  of  it  occasions  the  distant  behaviour  of  the  wife, 
the  revenge  of  the  husband,  ami  the  death  of  both. —  Let  nii 
nite  the  blcstiin^s  of  life  with  miKiesty  and  thankfulness.  He 
who  aims  at  intemperate  gratifications,  disturbs  the  order  of 
Providence ;  and,  in  the  premature  loss  of  the  object  which 
he  toi>  fondly  covets,  is  made  to  feel  the  Just  pnnishnieiit  of 
unreasonable    wislies,   and    ungoverneU    induljeuce.      Da. 


THE 

BONDMAN. 

The  Bondman.]  Hitherto  we  have  had  oo  clue  to  guide  us  in  ascertaining  the  true  date  of  these  dramas. 
The  fortunate  discovery  of  Sir  Henry  Herbert's  Office- book  enables  us,  from  this  period,  to  proceed  with 
every  degree  of  certainty. 

The  Bondman  was  allowed  by  tlie  Master  of  the  Revels,  and  performed  at  the  Cockpit  in  Dmnr  Lane,  on 
the  third  of  December,  16^3.  It  was  printed  in  the  following  year,  and  again  in  1638.  This  editioo  is  full 
of  errors,  which  I  have  been  enabled  to  remove,  by  the  assistance  of  the  first  copy,  for  which  I  am  indebted 
to  the  kindness  of  Mr.  M  alone 

This  ancient  story  (for  so  it  is  called  by  Massinger)  is  founded  on  the  life  of  Timoleon  the  Corinthian,  as 
recorded  by  Plutarch.  The  revolt  and  subsequent  reduction  of  the  slaves  to  their  duty,  is  taken  from  Hero- 
dotus, or,  more  probably,  from  Justin*,  who  repeats  the  tale.  The  tale,  however,  more  especially  the  catas- 
trophe, is  trifling  enough,  and  does  liule  honour  to  those  who  invented,  or  those  who  adopted  it ,  but  the 
beautiftil  episode  here  founded  upon  it,  and  which  is  entirely  Massinger's  own,  is  an  inimitable  piece  of  art. 

This  is  one  of  the  few  plays  of  Massinger  that  have  been  revived  since  the  Restoration.  In  1660  it  was 
brought  on  the  stage  bv  Betterton,  then  a  young  man,  who  played,  as  Downes  the  prompter  informs  us,  the 
part  of  Pisander,  for  which  nature  had  eminently  qualified  him.  It  was  again  performed  at  Druiv  Lane  in 
1719,  and  given  to  the  press  with  a  second  title  of  Love  and  Liberty ,  and  a  few  insignificant  alterations;  and 
in  1779  a  modification  of  it  was  produced  by  Mr.  Cumberland,  and  played  for  a  few  nights  at  Covent 
Garden,  but,  as  it  appears,  with  no  extraordinary  encouragement     It  was  not  printed. 


RIGHT  HONOURABLE,  MY  BINGUlJiR  GOOD  LORD, 

PHILIP  EARL  OF  MOJ^TGOMERY, 

KNIGHT  OF  THE  MOST  NOBLE  ORDER  OF  THE  GARTER,  Sec. 

Right  Honourable, 
However  I  could  never  arrive  at  the  happiness  to  be  made  known  to  your  lordship,  yet  a  desire,  bom  with 
me,  to  make  a  tender  of  all  duties  and  service  to  the  noble  family  of  the  Herberts,  descended  to  me  as  sn 
inheritance  from  my  dead  father,  Arthur  Massingurf.  Many  years  he  happily  spent  in  the  service  of  your 
honourable  house,  and  died  a  servant  to  it ;  leuving  hist  to  be  ever  most  glad  and  ready,  to  be  at  the  com- 
mand of  all  such  as  derive  themselves  from  his  most  honoured  master,  your  lordship's  most  noble  fiither. 
The  consideration  of  this  encouraged  me  (having  no  other  means  to  present  my  humblest  service  to  your 
honour)  to  shroud  this  trifle  under  the  wings  of  your  noble  protection  ;  and  I  hope,  out  of  the  demienar  of 
your  heroic  disposition,  it  will  find,  though  perhaps  not  a  welcome  entertainment,  yet,  at  the  worst,  a  gracious 
pardon.  When  it  was  first  acted,  your  lordship's  liberal  suffrage  taught  others  to  allow  it  for  current,  it 
having  received  the  undoubted  stamp  of  your  lordships  allowance  :  and  if  in  the  perusal  of  any  vacant  hoar, 
when  your  honour's  more  serious  occasions  shall  give  you  leave  to  read  it,  it  answer,  in  your  lordship's 
judgment,  the  report  and  opinion  it  had  upon  the  stage,  I  shall  esteem  my  labours  not  ill  employed, and,  while 
I  live,  continue 

the  humblest  of  those  that 

truly  honour  vour  lordship. 

PHILIP  MASSINGER. 


•  It  may,  Indeed,  be  taken  from  an  acconnt  of  RoMia  in  Purcha*'$  PUgrima,  a  book  that  formed  the  ddifkt  of  osr 
ancestors.  There  it  U  Mid,  lb.it  the  Roiards  of  Novlort>iiod  reduced  iheir  slaves,  who  had  seised  the  town,  by  the  wyp,  jaM 
as  the  Scvthians  are  Mid  to  have  done  theirs. 

t  ff If  dead  father,  Arthnr  Mauinger.]  &o  reads  the  first  editioo.  The  modem  editors  follow  the  Mcood,  wUck  has 
PhUiu  Massinger.    See  tlie  Iniioductiun. 

X  Leaning  his  to  he  ever  mott  glad,  &c.]    So  it  stands  in  both  the  old  quartos,  and  In  Coxeter.    Mr.  M.  Mmos,  wUhont 
authority,  and  indeed  witliont  reason,  inserts  mm  after  hia :  but  the  dedication,  as  given  by  him,  and  his 
the  second  quarto,  is  full  of  errors. 


Scene  I.] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


91 


DRAMATIS  PERSON .t. 


TnioLEON,  the  general,  of  Corinth. 

Arcmidajiius,  ■prtttor  of  Syracusa. 

DiPHiLus,  a  $enatar  o/  Syracusa. 

Cleon,  a  fat  impotetit  lord, 

PisA.vDER,   a  gentleman  of  Thebes ;    disguised  as  a 

slave,  named  MuruWo.  (The  Bondman.) 
PoupuRON,  friend  to  Pisander ;  also  disguised  as  a 

slave. 
Leosthenes,  a  gentleman  of  Syracusa,  enamoured  of 

Cleora. 
AsoTVS,  a  foolish  Uner,  and  the  son  of  Cleon. 
TiMAOOBAS,  the  son  of  ArchidamuA. 


GnACcuLO, 

ClMRRIO, 

A  Gaoler. 


slaves. 


Cleora,  daughter  of  Krc\\\dw[i\iB. 

Co  RISC  A,  a  proud  watiton  lady^  wife  to  Cleon. 

Olympia,  a  rich  widow. 

Statilia,  sister  to  Pisander,  slave  to  Cleora,  named 

Timandra. 
Zantiiia,  slave  to  Corisca. 


Other  slaves,  0£Scers,  Senators. 
SCENE,  Sjrracuse,  and  the  adjacent  country. 


ACT  I. 


SCENE  I. — The  Camp  of  Timoleon,  near  S)Tacuse. 
Enter  Timagoras  and  Leosthenes. 

Timag.  Why  should  you  droop,   Leosthenes,  or 
despair 
My  sister's  favour  ?     What  before  you  purchased 
By  courtship  and  fair  language,  in  these  wars 
(For  from  her  soul  you  know  ahe  loves  a  soldier) 
You  may  deserve  by  action, 

LeosL  Good  Timngoras, 
When  I  have  said  my  friend,  think  all  is  spoken 
That  may  assure  me  yours  ;  and  pray  you  believe. 
The  dreadful  voice  ot  war  that  shakes  the  cit^. 
The  thundering  threats  of  Carthage,  nor  their  army. 
Raised  to  make  good  those  threats,  affright  not  me. — 
If  fair  Cleora  were  confirm'd  his  prize. 
That  has  the  strongest  arm  and  sharpest  sword, 
I'd  court  Bellona  in  her  horrid  trim, 
As  if  she  were  m  mistress ;  and  bless  fortune. 
That  offers  my  young  valour  to  the  proof. 
How  much  I  dare  do  for  your  sister's  love. 
But,  when  that  I  consider  bow  averse 
Your  noble  father,  gr^at  Archidamus, 
Is,  and  hath  ever  been,  to  mv  desires. 
Reason  may  warrant  me  to  doubt  and  fear, 
What  seeds  soever  I  sow  in  these  wars 
Of  noble  courage,  his  determinate  will 
Blay  blast  and  give  my  harvest  to  another. 
That  never  toil'd  for  it. 

Tima^.  Prithee,  do  not  nourish    ,  [me, 

Theae  jealous  thoughts ;    I  am  thine,  (and  pardon 
Though  I  repeat  it,)  thy  Timagoras*, 
That,  for  thy  sake,  when  the  bold  Theban  sued, 
Far-famed  Pisander,  for  my  sister's  love. 
Sent  him  disgraced  and  discontented  home. 
I  wrought  my  father  then  ;  and  I,  that  stopp'd  not 
In  the  career  of  my  affection  to  thee. 
When  that  renowned  worthy,  that, brought  with  himf 


Themgh  /  r^eat  it,)  tby  f  imagora*.]  So  the  oM  copies. 
What  lodnccd  the  modem  editors  to  make  nonsense  of  the 
passaee,  and  print  mg  Leosthenes,  I  cannot  even  g:aess. 

t  frhen  thai  remowmed  worthy,  that,  bromght  with  him] 
In  tbis  Une  Mr.  M.  M smh  omits  the  second  that,  which,  he 
•ays  *'  destroys  both  sense  and  metre."   The  rcdnplication  is 


High  birth,  wealth,  courage,  as  fee'd  advocates 
To  mediate  for  him  :  never  will  consent 
A  fool,  that  only  has  the  shape  of  man, 
Asotus,  though  he  be  rich  Cleon's  heir. 
Shall  bear  her  from  thee. 

Least.  In  that  trust  I  love*. 

Timag.  Which  never  shall  deceive  you. 

Enter  Pisander. 

Pisan.  Sir,  the  general, 
Timoleon,  by  his  trumpets  hath  given  warning 
For  a  remove. 

Timag.  'Tis  well  ;  provide  my  horse. 

Pitan.  1  shall,  sir.  [Exit 

Least.  This  slave  has  a  strange  aspect.       [knare  : 

Timag.    Fit  for  bis  fortune ;  'tis  a  strong-limb'd 
My  father  bought  him  for  my  sister's  litter. 
O  pride  of  women  !  Coaches  are  too  common — 
They  surfeit  in  the  happiness  of  peace, 
And  ladies  think  they  keep  not  state  enough, 
If,  for  their  pomp  and  ease,  they  are  not  bom 
In  triumph  on  men's  shoulders  f. 

Leost.  Who  commands 
The  Carthaginian  fleet? 

Timag.  Gisco's  their  admiral. 
And  'tis  our  happiness ;  a  raw  young  fellow. 
One  never  tniin'd  in  arms,  but  rather  fashion'a 
To  tilt  with  ladies*  lips,  than  crack  a  lance  ; 
Ravish  a  feather  from  a  mistress'  fan, 
And  wear  it  as  a  favour.    A  steel  helmet. 
Made  horrid  with  a  glorious  plume,  will  crack 
His  woman's  neck. 

Leost.  No  more  of  him.^ — The  motives, 
That  Corinth  gives  us  aid  ? 

entirely  in],Mas8inger'sftianDcr,and  sMoredly  destroys  neither. 
With  respect  to  the  sense,  that  is  enforced  by  it ;  and  no 
very  exquisite  ear  is  required,  to  perceive  that  the  metre  is 
improved.— How  often  will  it  be  necessary  to  observe,  that 
oar  old  dramaticts  never  counted  their  syllables  on  their 
Angers  r 

*  Leost  In  that  trust  J  love.]  Love  is  the  reading  of  both 
the  quartos.  In  the  modern  ediiioiu  it  is  unnecessarily 
altered  to  live. 

t  In  triumph  on  men's  shoulders.}  Referring  to  the  then 
recently  introduced  sedan-chairs,  which  excited  much  indlg- 
oatioa  in  Massinger's  time. 


9« 


THE  BONDMAN. 


[SCFNE  III. 


Timag,  The  common  danger  ; 
For  Sicily  being  afire,  she  is  not  safe  : 
It  being  npparent  that  ambitious  Carthage, 
That,  to  enlarge  her  empire,  strives  to  fasten. 
An  unjust  gripe  on  us  that  live  free  lords 
Of  Syracusa,  will  not  end,  till  Greece 
Acknowledge  her  their  sovereign. 

LeosL  I  am  satisfied. 
What  think  you  of  our  general  "i 

Timag,  He's  a  man  [Trumpets  sound. 

Of  strange  and  reserved  parts,  but  a  great  soldier*. 
His  trumpets  call  us,  I'll  forbear  his  character  j 
To-morrow,  in  tlie  senate-house,  at  large 
He  will  express  himself. 

LewU  rU  follow  you^*  [Exeunt 


SCENE  II. — SvRAcrsE.     A  Uoom  in  Clean* s  House, 
Enter  Cleon,  Corisca,  and  Guacculo. 

Coris,  Nay,  good  chuck. 

Cieon,  Vve  ?aid  it ;  stay  at  home, 
I  cannot  brook  your  gadding  ;  you're  a  fair  one, 
Beauty  invites  temptations,  and' short  heels 
Are  soon  tripp'd  up. 

Coris,  Deny  me  !  by  my  honour, 
You  take  no  pity  on  me.     I  shall  swoon 
As  soon  as  you  are  absent ;  ask  my  man  else, 
You  know  he  dares  not  tell  a  lie. 

Grac.  Indeed, 
You  are  no  sooner  out  of  sight,  but  she        [doctor, 
Does  feel  strange  qualms ;  then  sends  for  her  young 
Who  ministers  physic  to  her  on  her  back, 
Her  ladyship  lymg  as  she  were  entninced  : 
(Vve  peep'd  in  at  the  keyhole,  and  observed  them:) 
And  sure  his  potions  never  fail  to  work, 
For  she's  so  pleasant  in  the  taking  them, 
She  tickles  again. 

Cor  is.  Ana  all's  to  make  you  merry, 
When  you  come  home. 

Cleon,  You  flatter  me  :  I'm  old. 
And  wisdom  cries,  Beware. 

Coris.  Old,  duck  !  To  me 
You  are  a  young  Adonis. 

Grac.  Well  said,  Venus ; 
I  am  sure  she  Vulcans  him. 

Coris.  I  will  not  change  thee 
For  twenty  boisterous  yo^mg  things  without  beards. 
These  bristles  give  the  gentlest  titillations. 
And  such  a  sweet  dew  flows  on  them,  it  cures 
My  lips  without  pomatum.     Here's  a  round  belly ! 
*Ti8  a  down  pillow  to  my  back  ;  1  sleep 
So  quietly  by  it :  and  this  tunable  nose, 
Faitb,  when  you  hoar  it  not,  affords  such  music, 
That  I  curse  all  night-fiddlers. 

Grac.  This  is  gross. 
Not  finds  she  flouts  him ! 

Coris,  As  I  live,  1  am  jealous. 

CUon,  Jealous  of  me,  wife? 

Coris,  Yes  ;  and  I  have  reason  ; 
Knowing  how  lusty  and  active  a  man  you  are. 

Cleoti,  Hum,  hum !  [will  make  him 

Grac,    This  is  no  cunning  quean  f !  slight,  she 


*  Timag.  He's  a  man 

O/st range  and  reserved  paHs»  butaffreat  soldier.]  Strange 
signiileii  here  distant.    M.  Mason. 

1  <lo  not  pretend  to  know  the  meaning  of  distant  parlk 
MaMinger,  liowever.  is  clear  enough  :  strange  and  reserved, 
in  his  langnace,  is,  strHngely  (i.  e.  simjnlaily)  reserved. 

f  Orac.  7*hls  is  no  cunning  quean .']  In  our  author's  time, 
as  b  justly  obeirved  by  Warburtun,  "  the  negaUve,  in  com- 


To  think  that,  like  a  stag,  be  has  cast  his  horus. 
And  is  grown  young  again. 

Coris,  You  have  forgot 
What  you  did  in  your  sleep,  and,  when  you  waked, 
Call'd  for  a  caudle. 

Grac.  It  was  in  his  sleep ; 
For,  waking,  I  durst  trust  my  mother  with  him. 

Coris,  I  long  to  see  the  man  of  war :  Cleora, 
Archidamus*  daughter,  goes,  and  rich  Olympia ; 
I  will  not  miss  the  show. 

Cleon.  There's  no  contending : 
For  this  time  1  am  pleased,  but  111  no  more  on*t. 

[EreutU, 


SCENE  lU^—Thesame,     The  SenaU-house. 

Enter  Abchioamus,    Cleon,    Diphiliw,   Olympia, 
Corisca,  Cleora,  and  Zanthia. 

Archid,  So  careless  we  have  been,  my  nuble  lords 
In  the  disposing  of  our  own  aflairs, 
And  ignorant  in  the  art  of  government. 
That  now  we  need  a  stranger  to  instruct  ns. 
Yet  we  are  happy  that  our  neighbour  Corinth, 
Pitying  the  unjust  gripe  Carthage  would  lay 
On  Syracusa,  hath  vouchsafed  to  lend  us 
Her  man  of  men,  Timoleon,  to  defend 
Our  country  and  our  liberties. 

Dtp^  'Tis  a  favour 
We  are  unworthy  of,  and  we  may  blush 
Necessity  compels  us  to  receive  it.  [naticm 

Archid,  O  shame !  that  we,  that  are  a  populous 
Eng^aged  to  liberal  nature,  for  all  blessings 
An  island  can  bring  forth ;  we,  that  have  limbs. 
And  able  bodies  ;  shipping,  arms,  and  treasure. 
The  sinews  of  the  war,  now  we  are  call'd 
To  stand  upon  our  guard,  cannot  produce 
One  fit  to  be  our  general. 

Cleon,  I  am  old  and  fat ; 
I  could  say  something  else. 

Archid,  We  must  obey 
The  time  and  our  occasions ;  ruinous  buildings. 
Whose  bases  and  foundations  are  infirm. 
Must  use  supporters :  we  are  circled  round  [wings. 
With  danger;    o'er  our  heads  witli  sail-stretch*d 
Destruction  hovers,  and  a  cloud  of  mischief 
Ready  tobreak  upon  us ;  no  hope  left  us 
That  may  divert  it,  but  our  sleeping  virtue. 
Roused  up  by  brave  Timoleon. 

Cleon,  When  arrives  he  ? 

Diph,  He  is  expected  every  hour. 

Archid,  The  braveries* 
Of  Syracusa,  among  whom  my  son 
llmagoras.  Leosthenes,  and  Asotus, 
Your  hopeful  heir,  lord  Cleon,  two  days  since 
Rode  forth  to  meet  him,  and  attend  him  to 
The  city ;  every  minute  we  expect 
To  be  bless'd  with  his  presence. 

rSAoutj  within  ;  then  a  Jhurish  cf  trumpets. 

Cleon,  What  shout's  tliis  ? 

m»n  speech,  was  UMtl  ironically  to  express  the  exc«as  of  a 
thing.''    Thus,  in  the  Homan  Actor : 

«•  This  is  no  flattery  !" 
And  again,  in  the  City  Madam  : 

"  Here's  no  gross  flaiter>  !    Will  she  swaOow  tkter* 
and  in  a  thousand  other  places. 

•  Archid.  The  braveries 

0/Syracusat  &c.]  i.  e.  the  young  nobility,  the  gay  and 
fashionable  gallants  of  the  citv.  Thus  Ckrimont,  la  hb  de- 
scription of  Sir  Amorous  la  rotile,  observes  that  '*  he  Is  fine 
of  the  braveries,  though  he  be  none  of  tbe  wits.*'  TTk  SUent 
Woman. 


SCENX    III.] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


93 


Diph.  TU  BMtmdvd  with  loud  miuii& 
Archtd.  Wbicb  (!otifimift 

With  til  mpect  Bol^mnitj*  iud  pma.pt 

A  ttum  may  merit,  tlint  cornet  to  Fedeem  ua 

From  8ltt%***rv  and  oppr^flstonu 

Ci^n.  rii  Jotk  up  [Corinih* 

My   doora,    uid  guard    tnj  j^nld  ^    tbpft»  lada   of 
iHve  nimltle  fingitfr',  and  I  fear  thc^m  moivr, 
Being  witKiu  our  wotU,  thaa  tbofte  of  Csrfjiiage ; 
They  Bre  far  offl 

^rcrAni.  And,  Indif":*!,  W  it  your  ctffe 
To  welcome  hun  and  lu4  fbUoft  ers  with  all  duly : 
For  Tv<t  resolved,  Uieir  tmodt  tad   a^utdi  must 

k<»«i  you 
In  that  mil  Uei^lil  of  !mpriiue&«  jcm  lire ; 
A  dreadful  chni^  etm  follows. 

[  Eieunt  Archkhmui,  Cietmj  and  Dqfhtlu$' 

Otvmp.  We  ore  imttructed. 

(wii.  I'll  klis  him  for  the  honour  of  mj  country, 
W  itJi  nay  ahff  in  Corinth  *» 

Oiftrnp.  Were  he  a  courrier, 
I  Ve  (iweetmcat  in  my  cloBet  nhs3l  content  him. 
Be  hia  palate  ne'er  lao  curioue. 

Cori$f.  And,  if  need  he,  [orchaitl, 

I    hare  «  e^iieli  «iid  ■  benqueHng'house  in  mj 
\Vher«  majjy  a  oiiui  of  hotiour  t  baa  not  acorn  d 
To  »f>eud  en  afterooon. 

Oiifmp,  These  men  of  war, 
Aa  1  bare  heard,  know  not  to  court  i  bdy. 
They  cannot  preise  our  dre^ainga,  kins  our  hands, 
Uaber  ua  to  oar  litteo,  teU  tore-^toritfs. 
Commend  our  hM  anfl  legs,  and  *o  senrch  upwards ; 
A  sweet  b«?comiii^  boUlues^  !  lh#T  «re  ruuj^h, 
Boistproui,  jind  iriiucy,  end  Kt  ihe'finAt  stght 
Ruffle  and  touxeu^t,  and,aa  tijey  £nd  their  Btonmeha, 
Fall  roundly  to  it, 

Ceri*.  'Troth,  I  like  them  tbe  better  : 
I  ain*t  endure  to  hure  a  fieifunied  »ir 
Stand  ediigin^  in  the  lianiH,  licking  his  lips 
Lilie  a  spii.iiif>l  o\'er  u  furnieuty-pot,  and  yet 
Ilaa  not  the  boldneaa  to  come  on,  or  oi'er 
Wltet  they  know  we  expect. 

Olfmpm  We  may  commend 
A  gentleman 'a  fnodescy,  xtmmeni,  and  fine  knguage, 
Hi:9  aingrirsg,  duitcifig,  riding  of  great  tiorisejsi, 
llie  wearinj^  of  bi«  elolliea,  bi^  fair  compleiion  j 
Taki)  pre*f«(jt4  from  him,  and  extol  \\i^  botjnly  ; 
Y«!,  though  he-  ohfterre,  and  wisfce  hie  «tate  upon 
g»f, 

tlilu  iMlkn  liJt^nl  btj^b  mjmm%  th«  Kbrkdts  fur  |tiJI>ttJtf;^  ;  ■ikI 
to  ikU  Curiaea  MUMiln. 

/  kmf€  a  L'mnt'A  ffiitf  e  tMBit««liiiK'lifiitH  fo  my  ar^h«rd\ 
M  hm  BMivy  #  mfm^mw,  &e.i  Onr  diet  |»lit>i  nrf  lull 
of  atliAsitHiJi  itj  tlu'N:  t^ritta4imt»f<,  ^falirh  ■ipiii'^r  to  1iav« 
bNetfH  abukfft  tn  thv  parp.«ei  wf  debAKlwry.  A  v<*r>  lioinL']y 
p»«upr  rrofii  Bliibtics'i  Aiml9mifiifAbtats,  15»u,  wiil  cuke 
aJI  tki>  ptajm  :  *■  Ui  ibv  enbnrbtt  ^r  tJie  firie,  ilnr-y  fthc  wra- 
Ki4fti]>  lute  fordraj  crithrr  p^li-fl  of  wnllc^l  ruactl  «bi)ot  very 
hkh,  vfrb  tticir  h^j-brnf  Rud  bovtrtfiff  fur  iIr-  |>nrpc]««:  mnd 
IrH  iljfy  iiH^bl  be  ffpir^  111  !hr»p  a^vb  ^Uci?*,  Ibrj?  MVr  Ihclr 
hamfmftmtf-hmtMrM    wilb    g>tl«cii'«,    lurrtu,    un'l    wJi«( 


thrFrln  lumi^BcmBty  rnxi«d  i  ^bfirli-i  ibtfj  liuiy,  akiil  dmibl 


l«^  rto,  m*ii>  irf  tbein,  play  ilrf  6t«i>  |»fWB»?'    Stc  iw, 


'  and  iTiO^iff  Atj  <iarr  uj'om  tut,]  Everywhere 
the  modrm  fdlton  jirlnt  Uil"  wurd  iwlth  ibirmnrk  of  elLtion, 
a*  If  it  w«rr  cnDlrartl^ri  fivifi  ff /n/f ;  but  }t  1«  niA  Kf>i  ffoiir 
Ih  tti4?  KirAQin«  wtffrJ^  aiitt  Li  n^cd  by  mII  imit  »trl  (.rfwii«Hiid  by 
M«i^inf^r  bJiiiK-lf,  In  itiitn^>  hiiitftrrvd  i^^ccf,  whiTX'  ^v  should 
n.itt  mntr  M.mi  (pfinl  r^ttff.  1  ifiijr  intidrritally  ubH'rvi:  berc, 


If  he  be  Staunch  *,  fuid  hid  dot  for  the  stock 
Tbat  we  were  borji  to  tm^e  with  ;  th^  truth  te, 
We  cere  not  for  his  compmiy. 

Cffrk,  Muabf,  Cleom?  [ammgeri ; 

Ol^mp.   Sbe'a  atudymg  liow  to    entertain    tbete 
And  to  eogroja  them  lo  herwlf. 

Cteffl.  No,  Jiurely  ; 
I  will  not  chen^jeu  any  of  their  wuren. 
Till  yoti  bare  miule  your  nurket ;  you  will  huyi 
I  know,  at  any  j^.te. 

f  urii,  She  hea  giren  it  you» 

Ofttmp.  No  more  ;   they  come  :  the  first  kiss  for 
iliiii  jeweL 

Fktttiik  if  tmmpetM,  Enttr  TiHACoi? a»,  LfoffniEvrsp 
AMrrui,  l'iiioi.a]03i  iti  itiuck,  hd  in  hvf  AncnioAMLH, 
DieniLue,  and  Ci.Eii^,  jdhtted  b%}  FisAhDE.B, 
U  a  AODti  LO ,  C J  M  Bitio  I  a  rul  oihmMy 

Jrddd.  l!  in  your  aeet ;  which,  with  a  gi»nera] 
sufragei  [Offkring  him  tA#  if4ir  t- 


Eli*t  m^ay  trrmi.  wliich  arr  now  nwcLwilli  ■  itiiirit  of  #llitnfi.' 
tnd  iiiip|iirt«^  Ui  b^vi.'  »ijtli  rud  *a  ni*h]ii*ti^^l%  «rv  nrally  md 
tabitaiiljally  fwrri-el.  In  womr  t'KHFfi,  ibe  liaxuD  \trrt\  km* 
h*tQ  cwni|]ltMl  Jiitlu  n  emtiLKtflcBt  i^ri  of  the  Windij  jind  bi 
uibten,  pi¥prwiii«iBt  h»*t  WfB  «idcd  in  tli«  fifMKfeM  of 
tvAeriQent.  fur  thr  lake  id  rniibuuj^i  ur  inrire ;  boi,  ^vtiemlly 
ipe^kla^,  tlw  ilmiile  terra  1»  Uk  cum  pit  t«  oue. 

*  i/tw  be  vtamirb,  ftc]  I  dfia'i  tbiiik  ibil  ffawAfA  rtn 
be  i«n0e  bn  Ibb*  piM^i^c;  me  tbuold  prulMUy  luut  «/artfA'il, 
Ibat  if  yr9cim,  fm^ni,     M-  W  ***.?», 

TbU  m  ■  iln^nUr  coujtciiine  T^t  the  reader  pernec  ifBiii 
0\^  m jiia'i  tk'"Ctipi|ay f  wbfL^li  It  ibdi  nf  a  euinplei^  lentbrtDan  ^ 
4nd  tJien  *ay  f«pbiit  thrir  li  fif  ttarrlitfd*  foriiji«],  ur  pre>J*e, 
la  II  r  jf^atiAf.%  !■  «■  Ktmd  «  ^unl  «i  be  cuald  I  iivr  cbiMCJi. 
niicl  I*  bene  uicril  iu  iti  |irt»p^r  *f  ni«  for  nieady*  nrm,  tnll  lif 
iiiiegrity  :  nm\  bi-r  rjieiiiiln;^  if^  *'  If  wUb  al^  tbr  nt'contidii^J]- 
niiiil>  pf  a  fitxk.  £i-iul<d^fitjj|it.  b«  p>Wf^i»fi  Ibe  fi^v\\  priii^rijijirA 
of  n  rii«ti  or  boiftHir,  ari4  dofi  no),  aiti  iiijit  lu  'Jtbmtcb  t»,  be 
It  iHit  [or  mar  porpote/'^ 

Wj.rn  I  lATuU  iliU,  1  bttd  not  i«en  Ibr  appciidSiif  wbirb  i* 
Mbjiiijiefl  tu  fufiii-  (;iipH'*«$l  ibe  L4i»t  eiiUJi»n.  ftlri  M-  "hia^tm 
bn*  iben;  rrvlikHii  bU  inilvi  aw)  kU  ifii  bi^  m^iTv^  mattirc  il  onybr* 
on  Tbe  aabji^rt^  **  On  ibe  (lr«l  eimtldf  r«tliia  of  \\t\%  |i«Mti|:r, 
I  did  not  apprebifiid  tbat  ib«  ^v^l  ttatmch  could  ivapon  luiy 
meauiaji;  ibHi  wrndtl*  ri-ndrr  U  Init-LligJible,  and  I  Uicnfore 
ar}]«iidr4  lb*-  p4#?a{p  by  rcMltmi  Mtarcn*d  in^t^n*^  **f  Hmiiu-h^ 
biu  I  bjive  fjiice  fiMinii  a  iimilar  acrt^piaiioi)  of  rbm  word  In 
Jfni^tju'f  ^ifmti*  omaH.  wbcrc  TratwH  m>«  :  "  If  yo«r  mif 
tTv*9  Ittvt  valouFp  t^lk  ui  yonr  »w<»nl>  and  bt  fTc'qMFni  In  tbc 
iii^ntioit  iif  qnnm  |p«  ibwij^h  you  bt  t^/iw*cA  In  ftu^btltif^." 
TbLa  ii  one  oi  ibc  i.iMity  tui^isnm  ihai  ni.iy  be  i^rtHlirctf^l  iv 
prtive  bow  ^4^^p(^»ar>  li  t»  ftir  ibp  editoir  c»f  any  am  If  til  dr*- 
niaEi«  writer,  to  rvm  i*llb  itttL-niSrtiji  ti+e  other  dr4iual{c 
priK^eciiouf  of  tber  lU^ie.'' 

I  piirtlcipiite  in  Mr.  M.  Miim»*9  •f-lfconfratnlaiioni  im  (kla 
impoitkni  diNtfi^y^ry ;  414^1  ^^111  venrori!  to  tnitgeal  anuibf.'r, 
Hill  more  inipvtiant,  wbirh  appeiira  ta  have  ^ikM  bi»  nv 
iearcb^A  ;  li  U  ^|ni|i1y-^**'  I  be  n«ciruiry  for  ibe  editor  c^r  tttif 
andent  draniniic  wriic-r,  to  irad  with  «tietiti<ja"'lltal:  drv* 
jnatle  wH'er  biiindr. 

itnt  «hai,  after  rill,  dmi  Mr.  M.  Mmfon  imagioe  b^  lia> 
fouwl  oaH  aiHl  nbiil  k  Uic  »«n«e  be  wtmbl  liiuilly  alfiji  to 
Mtaunch  f  tbcv  arc  tHne»  br  but  umittni  lo  m^riii^^n-  I  <4d 
diKsMfer  Doihin^  from  Ui*  bmii  ooit,  but  tbat  be  mijiinder- 
tund«  JoiifeciD  iitiw,  a»  br  iidi^undtr^tivvl  lA^^\\i%et  b4.Tutr. 
Encb  of  Wvtm  freat  pinia  n*et  tin-  word  in  it»  proiwr  and 
ord)j|Jir>'  %iKtiinti  *'TboU|;h  you  tn-  wtmam^h  iu  fiKbtinti^'^  <^*yi 
Tnacwii,  (L  «,  reaUy  braie,  ancl  rj>iiK'f|neniiy  »««  proue  lo 
haaatiinjj  "  yct^  to  ple^ie  your  jni^trMij  yoa  iiinit  taJIt  of 
yifflar  twotiJ/'  H^, 

t  f^f^rinff  kSm  tbe  itatej  fA*  ttai*  w»i  •  ratwd  plAtftifflfli 
on  wbicb  w«*  iitacfd  ]i  tbaJr  wlib  a  canopy  ovpr  it.  Thi- 
tionl  occurs  pcfpetumUy  in  onr  obi  urrilerK  li  i>  a  perl  by 
Dry drn,  bnt  fcirni*  tu  Un'vv  b«ii  growiof  obwlHe  wbib:  be 
waj  wriiioit^  in  tli«  tirrt  eilitjon  of  Mdcr  FJefiin«>,  ibe  mo- 
narfh  U  pTacwl  on  a  tfttff  i  In  tbe  ifib^pqaeiit  om*,  be  i» 
•eafvd,  like  bit  Miuw  kioft,  on  a  ibtoflif^  it  t>ccujr»  altotand 
I  bdievc  for  tbe  la#t  Ibiii:,  in  Swift :  "At  tlu-  aft^ettd  not 
the  unn-ileor  of  a  «^«l#  wiih  n  canopy,  ihr  tiitm|>bt  ibere  wat 
iKi  otlfPCf  in  HM  vibow  chair/'     ifiwL  i\f  Jahn  UalU  t<  i^ 


'  nmgi^bTite,  Sicily  tenders*, 
Tv>  accept* 


To  muv  uiitl>iLiuu:»  ol  rule  f  or  liUe«, 

\Vttos«>  henv^n  on  t'ttrih  h  placed  in  liia  commnnd. 

And  nbsolute  |>owftroW  otjji'rs.  would  wirli  joy. 

And  venja  swollen  lii^li  witti  pride,  be  etitertalnM. 

1  hey  Like  not  niw  ;  for  I  Jmve  vv¥T  lortK^ 

Aq  i?<mkd  fietdum,  iind  prcx'lnmi'd  nil  such 

A*  would  usurp  on  oiher'a  lilwtrties^, 

I(cb<?ls  to  utilure.  to  wbo»»*  bount«oui  hlftasing* 

Ail  men  lay  ihvu  jis  tnje  leettifniite  (^on*  : 

iJiit  such  iw  huvf  mnde  forfeit  of  th<*ni!»e!rcs 

Hv  vicious  couraps,  and  their  birlhrisjhl  loHt» 

**l*ia  ucit  iniu^rictr  I  hey  «re  niark'd  for  alavei* 

To  si^TTv  u>e  rirtuoui.     For  myself,  I  know 

llauuurs  imd  |f^n*at  erajdoyments  are  g;Teat  burlUens, 

And  niU8t  require  an  AiUii  to  sup^jort  ibcm* 

He  ibiit  would  n^oveni  other?;,  iirat  should  be 

The  mn.^er  of  hiniAetf^  richly  endued 

With  depth  of  utidfirrstiindui^,  height  of  ^iiira|yf«. 

And  those  remarknblo  graces  which  1  dan  not 

Asrnhe  unlo  myself* 

Archid.  Sifj  empty  m^n 
Are  trumpets  of  their  own  deserls  ;  but  you. 
That  are  not  in  opinion,  but  iti  proof. 
Really  rood,  and  full  of  glorious  parts, 
Leave  liie  report  of  what  you  are  to  hme  ; 
Whicht  Irom  the  ready  toiiguvsj  of  all  jood  men. 
Aloud  proclaim H  you. 

Diph.  Besides,  ynu  stand  hound, 
Hnvinje:  »o  large  a  field  to  exercise 
>  our  active  virtupa  offer'd  ynu,  to  impart 
Your  ${irength  to  inch  as  need  it* 

TimM,  'Tis  confessM  : 
And,  since  yuu'il  have  it  so,  guch  ii*  I  iiiiii» 
For  you,  and  for  tJie  liberty  of  (ireece, 
I  am  moat  ready  to  lay  down  my  life  : 
But  yH  consider,  m»:*a  of  Syracusa, 
liefor^  that  jou  deliver  up  the  power. 
Which  yi*t  is  yours»  to  mo, — to  whom  *tis  gireii  * 
To  an  impnrtiiil  mnn,  with  whom  nor  threats. 
Nor  iirayers,  shall  prevail  §  ;  for  I  must  steer 
An  even  course, 

A  f chid.  Which  is  desired  of  all. 

Tim(*t-.  Timophanej*,  my  brother,  for  whose  dentil 
I  am  tainted  in  the  world  ||,  and  foully  taintoil ; 


[ri  whoiw  remetnbTance  I  have  e?er  worn. 
In  |»race  and  war,  tbij  livery  of  aorrow. 
Can  w*itne39  for  me,  how  much  1  detest 
Tyrannotw  usurpation  ;  with  grrief 
I  must  remember  it :  for,  when  no  yiersuaaion 
Could  win  him  to  desist  from  lua  bad  practice, 
To  change  the  arii^tocracy  of  Corinth 
Into  an  abr^olute  monarchy.  1  chose  rfttlmr 
To  prove  a  pious  and  obedient  aou 
To  my  country,  my  bent  mother*,  Ihitn  to  lend 
Aasi^tance  to  Timophanca,  though  mv  brother, 
That,  like  a  tyrant^  strove  to  aet  his  foot 
Upon  the  city's  fr«*etlom. 

Timag,  *Tt\-arti  a  deeil 
Deserving  niiher  trophies  than  reproof*. 
f       Lfpst.  And  will  be  j^tilt  r«m«^mber«d  toyourboiioar* 
If  you  for^ke  not  uv 

Dipfi.  If  you  free  Sicily 
From  barbarona  C»rthage'  yoke,1  ^twill  be  said. 
In  him  you  slew  a  t)'rant. 

A r chid.  But,  giving'  wny 
To  her  invasion,  not  voocksafing  u«* 
That  fly  to  your  protection,  aid  and  comfort, 
'Twill  be  believed,  tliat»  for  your  private  imds, 
^'ou  kill'd  a  brother, 

Titnd.  A*  I  then  proceed, 
To  all  poMteriiy  may  that  act  be  crowD*d 
With  a  deserved  applause,  or  branded  wtth 
71ie  mark  of  infamy  ! — Stay  yet ;  ere  I  tnlt* 
Tins  seat  of  justice,  or  engaf^p  mv*f'lf 
To  fight  for  you  abroad,  or  to  reform 
'^'our  state  at  home,  swear  all  upon  my  a  word, 
And  call  the  j^ods  of  Sicily  to  witnesa 
The  ontb  vou  take,  that  whatsoe'er  1  shaD 
Propound  for  i^afety  of  your  common weullh^ 


tb«  iilil  rif(iU'>  li»%«  fttrr/y.  Thr  viueadwtioD,  wjtich  U  a  very 
liippy  «m',  w»»  ni«(tv  hy  Ct^\f^v^r, 

Tit  tm*  amhitiAu*  ^  ruU^  dtc*]  MuMiof (*r  hM  h#r«  fitu'ly 
rtrftwa  ilic  diai^itf  i^r  Iff  TioioWtifl,  nnit  \utvn  viry  inn?  tn  his- 
Imry.  Hi-  wntdnccmlMl  frnm  oh*  cif  [be  noUlvst  fiiiMilkd  in 
Coritith,  btvetl  his  country  p.iaaionatilv,  a«mI  iliM-fn  iivtl  u|K»t 
all  offufclon*  B  t\n<i\iUt  llnmnuh)  of  ttniiprr,  excepi  )i|;aioer 
tyntUt  Mini  hnA  on-n.  ftt-  was  no,  vxcrllnu  CJiplNin  ;  mut  a* 
in  hh  >4«iirh  in*  liud  nil  the  inqiurily  of  Uj^r,  ii>  agi-  tn-  iinil  all 
ll#r  niv  Aiirt  rouMiEe  of  itir  om>%I  .^nlrMl  yt.Mith*     Cotrraa, 

1  4t  VHiufd  ttmtfp  oh  oiln-t"»  fUirrtirM]  So  ihc  hrti  iiimnu; 
(hv  iM-vot)(1,  i^hicli  Ihr  mttflini  editor*  fotluw',  h««.  nwtfhrr't 
l\bier\W%.  Ill  liic  pn'ordioij  lUu-,  (*•♦  jtrnt^taSm'd,  M*.  M, 
Miuofj  DfhiirAriiy  ii<a*U,  prm^htim:  uri  iitjiuliciMH*  nluritltoii. 

i  Xnfr  f'i'nirrg  .[inil  pTtVUXl :]  AVrr.  wilidi  lllc  ItHXlctlfl 
Hiror*   rtii  ri   urur  •//(}//,  It  nt^JLhtr   rt-qiiiri^d  by 

ttitr  »i-iiii»    I  {Omttuil  |i»  t^l.  I8t3.) 

i'  ^Ap  *r'«rW,  (Vr,(  Tiiiioli-on  hml  «D  tliltfi  hr«' 

lilt  r  >pU.inr»,  vilitiRi  Ivc  ttfodf-ily  lo^cd.  n»  tir  Ii4«l 

«!'""  ^  <  biUl«',  \%\  wbl»l»  lit  oi'icrt'it  tmn  with  hi* 

*,ivii|  ill*  Wtv  iir  ihr  urrwl  ilAo^rr  of  t)j§  owi>;  tmr 

y   wii*  »iiU  (b  .irtr    M   liim.    Thui  l>rut!ir»  ImviiiR 

I  If  »)r*ai  i>f  if,  •*!   bli4clc  n  criinv  biiv«  bitn  the 

4t4i>K>L  Atnicliitn-     Hr  fnAtJ«  u»r  of  ntt  fKi*»iMe   mr«iie  tfi 
bring  lilm  iMck  lu  hi*  linty  ;  klndnr'Si  fiicmialiip,    aacclioot 


remunstrancrfi,  aad  even  mrnac^.     But,  fladlng  all  bit  ra- 

deavatim  iiiefrcciniil,  And  IhnI  uutliiai;  c**\A»\  fitvvxlt    Np»ii  a 

liMtft  #baDdi)ine[l  lo  ambitioti,  he   rflu 

KiM'i'iDiiti.d  ill  hi*  prcsvijc^*  [tio  ,  H*>t 

ii-r  lilt  trit-^tiili  Aud  intitimref,  nixt  lli>'    .' 

iitea>t>>u,  the  Ihhj*  of  aiiuiix'  ouglil  iu  ^ivt  pbct  lu  liiL'M  .ji 

hi*  coMtdrv.    Cn^i.Tia. 

Covrtt-r  tins  copteil  ^kth  tafTictfat  accwftcv,  %\\v   T.  idin: 
Inula  faf  Tiimi|euii'»  rhnr<iclrr,   fnan    Ihr    '< 
rittUrcli't  A<W4*   With  FUiUfch*  imiced,  1 
It*  be  H  frtvortrilfj  4ivd   ohI  Hiidr»*"rvi  itK  \   \ 
ifira,  he  w<i«  ciniiiciilly  cmif  picti'irti :  i' 
evi-r,  U,  that  he  pmaiecl  tty  i: x fieri*  «i 
and  Mvnu^t'  t>otloi»u«in  ofhU  vonih  ' 
mul  rittionnl  love  ul  lil>rtl)',    Tlic  i'- 
whicli   m%i  henfiyi  tm  hi§  lurul,  Mii- 
vtioidd  ikol  oul>"  (il   IK   riiilaichult 
UmUlite  lin  il»i  If*  bfil  Ihe   priiujjde   Inuu  wiucU  n  ^a ^ix  c«4*,  j 
firm  «ad    Imifioveiiibii  ;  in  oidtr  ihat  uar  couilHct  may  Im«i>'  | 
till*  tjirvciiofi  uf  our  own  » p  prolyl  ion.  ' 
-     It  Ik  uii|Mi»iiblc  In  ir»d  «  piUKV  tif  >> 
^ct'tii!;  tliKi  priidi^nrt^  wma  thr  virtat" '  > 
tui    ii*ior  :  pro*lii:i«n  ,ind   purifiit*  « 
Oirnlf  ;  part  oi  i^  like  It   tir  iiiidoabtrdl)  i.tti 
whlrli  *if  Uh4  I  lie  t1r«leriiy  lt>  turn  lo  M*  «< 
not   onl>  ittdchlrU  lo   prctklencc  for  tiiiiic, 
hI»**\  since*  «Ui-ii   ho   hjid   f^ir^n  vii-tor>    40^1    i^^c 
S>racutiiaii,  tie  \*iMl>  »1rillti*'il  femriOHc  to  Cn-*-**. 
pr()«>errptfoti  or  dt  jiiiti   pn^buibly  dw^Kt'd   liiiii  :  nuti  <-<h< 
tpiMid  th<!  reinaiadir  of   hi»  (U\»  nt   Syr-irfi**'.    Thuaa^jl 
v^i'ie   Ion(£   Mild   hapm  ,  *i»l  whin  h«  dinl  he  wa»  hoar^ 
wttb  a  pablic  fntitTMi,  jitul  the  leiui  uf  4  pei>|ite  whom  I 
«avtil. 

•   7o  wiy  country,  my  te*!  moitii  r,1     In  (his  txpuftivn^ 
Tlit^oleoo  iillnelr*  to  the  r«*ndncl  of  hi*  n«ttiral  inmhrr,  tibo  I 
wonlit  itf\cf  lev  1dm  MflTr  thv   iuiM«»iii»ili*>H  of  hi*  UitidMtf  | 
Jiod  Hln>i«>«  e^tjr  d  \i\>n  frulrh'idam,  impium^fue, 

AVinn  httrtHtrmtJf  Cttrthaar'  ^uke,  Ac,1     Thi*  ^ 

frprirli  iMr   IktrmUy   fmio    rJiiurcb  ;   Maamiic<'[    ' 

niMnnec  ndbcrcd  aiorv  cli»w  ly  in  hi^  «bjry  tb^n  v 

crmfv*9  the  truth,  it  cannot  hv  *4ii4  of  bt#n,lltAt  bit  ltkt«M^  J 

j    pUy*  are  **  rnoic  4ntbentic  tban  the  chrutiicica  I** 


Scene  111.] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


95 


Not  circumscribed  or  bound  in,  BhaU  by  yon 
Be  willingly  obey'd. 

Arch'uL  Dipfu  Clean,  80  may  we  prosper. 
As  we  obey  in  all  tbinfj^. 

Timag.  Leott,  A  tot.  And  observe 
AH  your  commands  as  oracles ! 

TimoL  Do  not  repent  it.  [Teilces  the  ttate, 

Olump.  He  ask'd  not  oar  consent. 

Coris.  He's  a  clown  I  warrant  him. 

Olifmp,  I  offer'd  myself  twice,  and  yet  the  churl 
Would  not  salute  me. 

Ccris.  Let  him  kiss  his  dmm ! 
I'll  save  mv  lips,  I  rest  on  it*. 

Olifmp,  He  thinks  women 
Xo  part  of  the  republic. 

Corig,  He  shall  6nd 
We  are  a  commonwealth. 

Cleo.  The  less  your  honour. 

TimoL  First  then  a  word  or  two,  but  without  bit- 
terness. I 
(And  yet  mistake  me  not,  I  am  no  flatterer.) 
f 'on<  emins^  your  ill  government  of  the  state ; 
In  which  the  greatest,  noblest,  and  most  rich, 
Stand,  in  the  first  file  gnilty. 

Cieon.  Ha  !  how's  this  ? 

TimoL  You  have  not,  as  good  patrioU  ahoiild  do, 
studied 
The  public  good,  but  your  particular  ends ; 
Factious  among  yourselves,  prefiuring  such 
To  ofilces  and  honours,  as  ne'er  read 
The  elements  of  saving  policy ; 
But  deeply  skill'd  in  all  the  principles 
That  usher  to  destniotioo. 

I.tott.  Sharp. 

Timag,  The  better. 

TimoL  Your  senate-house,  which  used  not  to  ad- 
A  man,  howerer^>pular,  to  stand  [mit 

At  the'helm  of  government,  whose  youth  was  not 
Made  ^orioas  by  action ;  whose  experience,     [sels, 
Crown  d  with  gray  hairs,  gave  warrant  to  his  coun- 
Heafd  and  received  with  reverence,  is  now  fiU'd 
With  green  heads,  that  determine  of  the  state 
Over  their  cups,  or  when  their  sated  lusts 
Afford  them  leisure ;  or  supplied  by  those 
Who,  rising  from  base  arte  and  sordid  thrift,^ 
Are  eminent  for  theirf  wealth  not  for  their  wisdom  : 
Which  is  the  reason  that  to  hold  a  place 
In  council,  which  was  once  esteem'd  an  honour. 
And  a  reward  (or  virtue,  hath  quite  lost 
Lustre  and  reputation,  and  is  made 
A  mercenary  purchase. 

Timag,  He  speaks  home. 

Lemt.  And  to  the  purpose. 

Timol,  From  whence  proceeds 
That  the  treasure  of  the  city  is  engross'd 
By  a  few  private  men,  the  public  coffers 
Hollow  with  want ;  and  they,  that  will  not  spare 
One  talent  for  the  common  good,  to  feed 
The  pride  and  bravery  of  their  wives,  consume. 


*  rii  tare  mjr  lipt,  I  rvtt  on  It.]  I  am  fixed,  determined, 
00  it;  «  metaphor  taken  fh>m  play,  inhere  the  hi}ihe*t  stake 
the  parties  were  di^Kiaed  to  ventare,  was  called  the  rett. 
To  appropriate  thia  term  to  any  particular  game,  a*  is  some 
limes  done,  is  extremely  incorrect ;  since  it  was  anciently 
applied  to  cards,  to  dice,  to  bowls,  in  short  to  any  amuse- 
ment of  chance,  where  money  was  wagered,  or,  to  n»c  a 
phraw  of  the  times,  set  np. 

f  Are  eminent  for  their  wealih,  noifor  their  wUdom  :]  I 
have  inserted  their  from  the  invalnaUc  first  quarto:  it 
strengthens  aad  eompleies  the  verse. 


In  plate,  and  jewels,  and  superfluous  slaves, 
What  would  maintain  an  army. 

Coris.  Have  at  um  ! 

Oljfmp.  We  thought  we  were  forgot. 

Clio.  But  it  appears 
You  will  be  treated  of. 

TimoL  Yet,  in  this  plenty, 
And  fat  of  peace,  your  young  men  ne*er  were  train'd 
In  martial  discipline ;  and  your  ships  unrigg'd. 
Rot  in  the  harbour  :  no  defence  prepared. 
But  thought  unuseful ;  as  if  that  the  gods, 
Indulgent  to  your  sloth,  had  granted  yon 
A  perpetuity  of  pride  and  pleasure. 
No  change  fear'd  or  expected.     Now  vou  find 
That  Carthage,  looking  on  your  stupid  sleeps. 
And  dull  security,  was  invited  to 
Invade  your  territories. 

Arehid.  You  have  made  us  see,  sir, 
To  our  shame,  the  country's  sickness :  now,  from  you, 
As  from  a  carefiil  and  a  wise  physician, 
We  do  expect  the  cure.' 

Timol.  Old  fester'd  sores 
Must  be  lanced  to  the  quick,  and  cauterized  : 
Which  bom  with  patience,  after  I'll  apply 
Soft  unguents.     For  the  maintenance  of  the  war, 
It  is  decreed  all  monies  in  the  band 
Of  private  men,  shall  instantly  be  brought 
To  the  public  treasury. 

Timag.  This  bites  sore. 

Cleorit  The  cure 
Is  worse  than  the  disease ;  I'll  never  yield  to't : 
What  could  the  enemy,  though  victorious, 
Infl  ct  more  on  us  ?  All  that  my  youth  hath  toil'd  for, 
Purchased  with  industry,  and  preserved  with  care. 
Forced  from  me  in  a  moment ! 

Diph,  This  rough  course 
Will  never  be  allow 'd  of. 

Timol    O  blind  men  ! 
If  you  refuse  the  first  means  that  is  offer'd 
To  give  you  health,  no  hope's  left  to  recover 
Your  desperate  sickness.     Do  you  prize  your  muck 
Above  your  liberties  ;  and  rather  choose 
To  be  made  bondmen,  than  to  part  with  that 
To  which  already  you  are  slaves  ?  Or  can  it 
Be  probable  in  your  flattering  apprehensions, 
You  can  capitulate  with  the  conqueror. 
And  keep  that  yours  which  they  come  to  possess. 
And,  while  you  kneel  in  vain,  will  ravish  from  you  ? 
— But  take  your  own  ways  ;    brood  upon  your  gold, 
Sacrifice  to  your  idol,  and  preserve 
The  prey  entire,  and  merit  the  report 
Of  careful  stewards  ;  yield  a  just  account 
To  your  proud  masters,  who,  with  whips  of  iron. 
Will  force  you  to  give  up  what  vou  conceal. 
Or  tear  it  from  your  throats  :  adorn  your  walla 
With  Persian  hangings  wrought  of  gold  and  pearl ; 
Cover  the  floors  on  which  they  are  to  tread, 
With  costly  Median  silks  ;  perfume  the  rooms 
With  cassia  and  amber,  where  they  are 
To  feast  and  revel ;  while,  like  servile  grooms. 
You  wait  upon  their  trenchers  ;  feed  their  eyes 
With  massy  plate,  until  your  cupboards  crack 
With  the  weight  that  they  sustain  ;  set  forth  your 
And  daughters  in  as  many  varied  shapes  [wives 

As  there  are  nations  to  provoke  their  lusts. 
And  let  them  be  embraced  before  your  eyes. 
The  object  may  content  you  !  and  to  perfect 
Their  entertainment,  offer  up  your  sons. 
And  able  n^en,  for  slaves  ;  while  you,  that  are 
Unfit  for  labour,  are  spum'd  out  to  starve. 


96 


THE  BONDMAN. 


fArr  iJ 


Uiipjric»«t,  in  some  tlp»ert,  no  fripnd  by, 

Wliu^o  Hurrow  mny  §]i(iTe  one  corapa&aioiiate  %B»f, 

In  tl)e  rfnit^iiilininri^  of  what  otice  you  wer& 

7  imng.  OhstTve  how  ohi  Cleoo  aliiik«»t, 
A«  if  iij  pi  it  u  1*0  he  Uad  sliwnn  him  wJmt 
He  wa*  to  itufTer. 

CtfHi.  I  am  nick  ;  th^  mna 
BprakH  poniards  and  diifsea^ies. 

Ohmp.  O  my  doctor  I 
I  nevvT  shall  rpcovpr. 

C&ru  [anninffftrrtmrflJ]   ff  a  virjj^in, 
Whose  speech  wii!t  f?vpr  yet  usher'd  with  fear ; 
One  knowiujy  mixlenly  nnd  htimhie  silence 
I'o  hi*  thf  choie**iH(T  ornnnu'nt^  of  our  B4»x, 
In  thi*  presHm'e  of  so  nmnv  reverend  men 
Struck  dumb  with  terror  ami  ax-tiniishment, 
Pl^siimii^  to  clothe  laer  tliought  in  vocal  sounds. 
Let  ht'r  fiml  pitfddn.     Firsi  tn  you,  g^rt^at  sir, 
A  bunhful  raaid'^  thnnki^.Tind  \wr  zedouii  |irHvera 
Wint^M  with  pure  innorence,  beiinng  them  to  heaven. 
For  all  proaji-eritv  that  the  gods  can  pre 
To  nne  w  hose  piVty  must  exact  their  care,^ 
Thus  low  I  offi  r. 

TitttoL  '  rii*  a  happy  omen, 
Riae,  blosl  one»  and  spRak  boldly*     On  my  virtue, 
I  nm  ihy  viamint,  from  so  clear  a  ipriiig 
Sw't?!*!  rivprs  pvi*r  flow, 

Ctfru  TIa*n»  thus  to  vou» 
My  noble  father,  and  tbese  lords,  to  whom 
I  next  ow*»  duty  :   no  rf*s[»pct  forgotten 
To  yoti,  my  brother,  and  tht*.**"  bold  youn^  men, 
(Such  I  w'ouhl  hint*  them,)  tbiH  nrp,  or  sliould  bo, 
The  city's  Hword  nnd  tJinreT  of  deli^nce. 
To  nil  of  you  I  »[>eQW  ;  and,  if  n  bhish 
Steal  on  ujv  chet^ks,  it  is  ^hrmn  to  rt'iirore 
Your  paleness,  williuply  I  wrmld  not  wav, 
Your  cowardict>  or  ftar  :   TJiuik  you  all  trtm^ure 
Hid  in  the  iHnvcdn  of  tlie  «?«rlh,  of  shipwreck 'd 
In  Ncptuue'i*  wtu'ry  kingdom,  cim  bold  w<?ight, 
Wben  liberty  rmd  honejur  fill  one  achle, 
IViuniphant  Justice  mtiin^  on  ih«*  b«amt 
Or  dare  you  but  iiuAgine  that  your  gold  ia 
Too  dear  a  salary  for  such  as  haxani 
Their  blood  and  lives  in  your  defence  T     For  me. 
An  Tirnorant  ^irt^  ht^r  witness,  heaven!  so  fur 
1  prism  a  soldier,  that,  to  j^ive  him  pay, 
With  such  detrotion  as  our  tirtni«D8  ofier 
Their  sacrifices  nt  ilie  holv  ultur, 
I  do  lay  down  iJiese  jewi*ls,  will  make  sate 
Of  my  superfluous  wardroUi%  to  supply 
I  he  meanest  of  their  wants.      [jAi^it  dtuvn  her  Jfnieft* 

TimoL  Brave  masculine  spirit ! 

Difilt.  We  are  shown,  to  our  shame ^  what  we  tn 
Shouhl  have  taught  oibers^  [bonour 

Arrhiti,  Such  a  fair  example 
Must  needi  he  foUow'd, 

Timag.  Ever  my  dear  sister, 
But  now  our  family's  glory  ! 

Ltftit,  Were  she  deform *d, 
Tli«  virtues  of  her  mind  would  force  a  Stoic 
To  suti  to  be  her  servant, 

Cietm,  I  mun  yieUi  ; 
And,  ihouf^b  my  heart -blood  port  with  it,  I  will 
DiOiver  in  my  wealth. 

Amt.  I  would  ii^y  somethin}^ ; 
But.  the  tnitli  is,  J  know  not  what, 

TisntiL  VV'e  have  money  ; 
And  men  roust  now  be  thought  oil 
Archid,  We  cna  prf»a 


Of  l»ihonrer<i  in  the  country,  men  inured 
To  rc>M  iitid  heat,  ten  thousand. 

Pifth,  Or,  if  need  be. 
Enrol  our  slaves,  lusty  and  able  varleta. 
And  fit  for  service, 

Ci4Hm,   Jljey  ahal!  po  for  nie  j 
I  witl  not  pay  and  fiKhtioa. 

C'lt0,  How  !  ymn  slaves  ? 

0  stain  of  honour  !^ — Once  more,  sir,  your  pafdoo  ', 
And,  III  thpir  shumes,  let  me  deliver  wliat 

1  kjinw  in  justice  you  may  speak. 

TimnL   Most  glndlf  : 
I  euuld  not  wish  my  thoughts  a  better  orgma 
Than  your  tongue,  to  expreea  them, 

Cietu  Are  yon  men  ! 
(For  aipemuy  qualify,  though  Dot  excuAe^ 
The  backwardness  of  the&e,)  able  )^ung  men  ! 
\'et,  now  your  country's  liberty**  at  the  stuki*. 
llonouc  nod  glorious  triumith  mnde  the  garland* 
For  tiuch  an  dare  deserve  tliem  ;  a  rich  feast 
Prepared  by  Victory,  of  immortal  viands, 
N'ot  for  base  men.  but  such  aet  with  their  swurds 
Dare  force  admittance,  and  will  be  hei  grieats  : 
And  Clin  you  coldly  siuffer  such  rewards 
To  h*^  propoMni  to  Inbourem  and  slaves'! 
\\  bile  you,  tlmt  are  bom  noble,  to  whom  tli^e, 
\'olued  at  their  best  mte,  are  next  to  horaea. 
Or  other  beasts  of  carriage,  cry  aim  f  I 


*  »/,  now  pimr  cottntrp''M  tibert^t  at  the  sfaif, 

Hantmr  tmd  gturiou*  trt»nti*h  mmie  thr  ytirlnrtd  ^  tf  t. 
M,  ^liiAuji  lijm  iiKjjinrv't'd  \i\vu-  Wuv*,  lit  Ii49  i«|iiiKefH^  t»>  uffi<kr» 
tin^  the  rtificlt'  in  ih**  fir.t,  *tH\  cltiHiittnt^  the  In  the  Mrrufiit* 
JhtM  4«  Thvme  arv  vcr)  >ir3<ni;«-  litHriiri  to  l«ke  wtUi  sn 
QUttioi,  mpot]  tnpiicf,  ur  tiliiid  conjecture. 
f    U  hiif  ^im  —     -cry  »tin  t 

IJi/e  iditt  lovkrrB  ofi,  C«»teter»  who  «^em»  oot  In  li«w 
%mf\rtrUm6  ihe  t  kprvtstoh,  giive  ihif  IncMmci  rr«di»if  of  the 
•erund  qu«rto,  crfft  Ay  w^!  wlikh,  nfier   nil,  «  >  ' 

more  rhnn  qin  nccldfikril  di^iMmrliiifi  of  Ihr  ln«t  Vt'  • 
Ml  Ihr    (irtM,     Mr.  M.  ^t**iiri   f.pllMWs  him  \n   ih 
ob»en't'»,  ill  ji  tuiirt  liiiU  wr  »h'nilil  tvmi  cry  trrm. 
wa  ^^fn\\i^  ut  ir ,  Muit  aat  i%  i«  di>tinil9}  given  iti  Ihr  fti 
brit  cii|ty.     The  fTspr^wiou   \m  ••>  fonnPM»n  lu  th*-  ms' 
MMviiiKcr'^A  fiine,  Jiitii,  liidinf.  i*i  l^t  • 
i(^  iliau mU  lo  jMy  how  it  iimld  •vrt 
j^lirn^r,  ii*  Wnrhiirtoii  *.>ii»i'r*i'*,  \fi 
A<c\  J  I.  84t.  iii.  wn»  Inkcii  innH  urcln  •  v  ; 
i-|i,illL-iiiii-il  Aitulher  In  »lioo(  a\  lit*'  hiiO*,  tl" 
Itt  M>  »me  lu  IIh'  Mthcr,  Cry  oiiw,  i.  iv  nctn 
*Slct'ven»  rpjecit  ihl«  f\pl»natioii,  iwhkti,  ui  i.i.  f,  n  i» 
irnth  m*r  pmhiihilit)  to  rccuiiiMHjuiJ  ii ;  Hfid  ^iW^ :  "  U  •c*ji« 
!•♦  hrtve  tH-cii  ihc  uiriief  of  tbe  aim-cryrT^  In  -jtv.-  \***t^*^m  '"***,' 
archrr  wttrM  lir  wmc  wilhiii  a  pnn>*'r  dUlii 
Ate,     Hi'if   ttdn   nciilf  crihc   hni»  MUeii,  i^  i 
coi  amen  till  I  »r  PI,  In  1 11  itn  irrnr.  Mimt  tt^r  *•>  ir 
Mud  nut  I'T^  «}iiM,  wjs  Mlw4y*  jidilnr«*«^il  l-^  M"    v 
til  «hool :  It  wa*  Mil  hMtUlno  (jvct^injiijou  i^f  tht-  i 
or,  u»  M«!ii»in|t4<r  hiu  lt»  of  the  idle   toftk^r'  nn,  u 
hit  «MCwiir4ui'k"<^ni<    ''"^  ''>«J  mbliikc  ot  i^u  < 
hh  cotiltHiiidiii|£  cry  tiim  '  v(\ii\  }jij>e  aim. 
lnvr  Bilit'Jtdy  tdwqr^cd.  wJi*  lu  KNiotm&i:! 
to  L>isi>:i'T,  «iid    In   ihrw  dUtlticI  «tid  (i|»|'> ' 
Word*   peifH  timlly  occur*     There  wtt  iio  «' 
iTjjur,  nt  i«**ci  (eel  ittntvc  ;  the  ttfinifif^t  of  rti< 
llh^iHhmt^<t  Ut  such  of  the  •pecliilor*  n«  th»>M-  ii<  i  ■ 
tliMt  of  ufifTClinw,  iudi-eit,  ll»rre  w«»  a  *peci.il  ^K!■f♦^'•' 
Tlioce  wlsti  ctlril  ttim  '  *t*Hid  hy  ihc  mrcht  r*  ;  he  v<. 
wai  itMhoiml   tieur  the   htil|«^'<ind   pointful    out  mi*!  *^^^^ 
ii\>fhn*\iv,   how  vtikW,  or   how   MjoiI,  Ihr   »fnfW   IVU  ul   Itof 
murk.    A  f^i*  e^nmplet  will  m^ikc  hU  ihi*  vWrtr: 

"  It  ill  tHcomc*  ihis  (»r«'*riirt  lo  crj  aimt 

Tothr#e  ill  Inuetl  rrpet(lioii»,*'  KtmfJtkm* 

I.  c.  If*  eiicuoriKe^ 

••   iVvlore  \m  frirr  ploltlni*  hi«  i^vrn  ibti-e. 
To  whirli  liitii%dl  */*r*^  <if»» . 
Whilv  the  brwiifl  wrrow  with  ihf  forkwl  ttead, 
MiMci  bii  tirvw*  tmi  tmrntwly." 

A  A/ad  tiortd  mp  Mt^uttm 
I   e«  ill  reel*. 


SckMsIlL] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


97 


Like  idk  lodhan  on,  tffl  tlMir  proud  worth 
Make  them  heeooM  your  mestert  I 

TimoL  By  mv  hopes. 
There's  fire  ana  spirit  enough  in  this  to  mske 
Tbersites  Tslitnt 

CIm.  No ;  (sr,  fiur  he  it  from  jou  : 
Let  these  of  mesner  quality  contend 
Who  can  eodnre  most  labour ;  plonrh  the  earth. 
And  think  they  are'rewarded  when  tiieir  sweat 
Brinn  home  a  froitf ul  hanrest  to  their  lords ; 
Let  tbem  prore  good  artificers,  and  aenre  yon 
For  use  and  ornament,  hat  not  pre«ame 
To  touch  at  what  is  noble.    If  you  think  them 
Unworthy  to  taste  of  thoee  cates  you  feed  on. 
Or  wear  such  costly  garmenU,  will  you  ^nrant  them 
The  privilege  and  prerogative  of  great  mmds. 
Which  yon  were  bom  to?    Honour  won  in  war, 
And  to  be  styled  presenrers  of  their  country. 
Are  titles  fit  for  nee  end  generous  spirits. 
And  not  finr  bondmen :  had  I  been  bom  a  man. 
And  such  ne'er-dying  glories  made  the  prise 
To  hold  heroic  courage,  by  JDiana, 
I  would  not  to  my  brother,  nay,  my  ftther, 
Be  bribed  to  part  with  the  least  piece  of  honour 
I  should  gain  in  this  action ! 

TmtL  Bhe's  innnred. 
Or  in  her  speaks  the  genius  of  your  country. 
To  fire  your  Uood  in  her  defence  ;  I  am  rapt 
With  tM  imagination.    Noble  msid, 
Timoleon  it  your  soldier,  and  will  sweat 
Drops  of  his  best  blood,  but  he  will  brmg  home 
Triumphant  conouest  to  you.    Let  me  wear 
Your  colours,  ItAj ;  snd  though  youthful  heats  *, 
That  look  no  further  than  your  outward  form. 
Are  long  since  buried  in  me,  while  I  lire, 
I  am  a  constant  lover  of  your  mind, 
Thnt  does  transcend  sll  precedents. 


Cko.  TiM  sn  honour. 
And  so  I  do  receive  iL 

CcriM.  Plsgue  upon  ii ! 
She  has  got  Uie  start  of  us: 
With  envT  at  her  fortane. 


[GiMi  h§r  scarf. 


I  could  even  bunit 


I 


To  the  ▼keroy't  base  embraces,  and  cryaim  I 
The 


While  be  by  fMce,"  &c 


Remgado, 


Tbb  way  I  toll  io  vain,  and  give  bat  aim 
To  infkmy  and  rain ;  he  win  f4ll, 
My  bicMing  cannot  aUy  him."        The  RoarUtg  Girl. 
i.  e.  diract  theeJ^ 

*■  — Standyng  rather  In  hb  window  to~crye  aiime!  than 
belpync  any  waye  to  part  the  fTaye." 

Feoton'a  TVagitai  Diaeowwts. 
L  e.  to  tocoarage. 

**  I  myaelr^aw  aim  thns,— Wide,  roar  bows !  short,  tbrve 
•QdnhaU:''    Middletoe's  J^oniak  Cnwir. 
L  •.  dbvcted. 

I  aboeid  apolofiie  ft»r  the  length  of  this  note,  were  it  not 
BC  I  lacier  myaelf  the  distinct  and  appropriate  meaning  of 
•ae  two  phraaes  to  ascerulned  in  it,  and  finally  esUbUshed. 
•  iMmtwrnar 

Y9m  ealmra.  Imim:  and  thotigh  yovthfbl  heats, 
Thai  laoft  mo^artkir  tkmm  gtmr  omiwardfonm. 
Art  Im^  tbtet  buried  In  me,  wkUt  t  Hoe, 
/  am,  *c]    TUs  to  evidently  copied  from  that  orach  con- 
tested speech  or  Othello,  Act  1.  sc  UL  :  «'  I  therefore  be^  it 
not,"  *c.,  as  In  the  ftiUowing  passage,  in  The  Fair  Maid  t^ 

"  Shall  we  take  oer  fortmief  and  while  oar  cold  fathers, 
la  whom  kmg  sioco  their  pomH^  heata  were  dead. 
Talk  mneh  of  Man,  serve  nndcr  Venas'  ensigns. 
And  seek  a  mtalreaa  r 
AsmI  as  this  shows  how  Sbakapeare's  contemporaries  ander- 
stood  the  Usee,  U  shoold,  I  think,  with  as,  be  dectoive  of 
ihok  B.eaalng.    The  Od  reading,  with  the  alteration  of  one 
•        rby--  -     ■ 


I  I     1.  c. 

I   I  M 


Olymp.  A  raw  young  thing !  [bands  say, — 

We  have   too  much  tongue  sometimes,  our  hus- 
And  she  outstrip  us ! 

Leoit.  I  am  for  the  journey. 

Timag,  May  all  diseases  s'loth  and  letchery  bring. 
Fall  upon  him  that  stays  at  home ! 

Ardud.  Though  old, 
I  will  be  there  in  person. 

DtpA.  Sowilll.- 
Methiaks  I  am  not  what  I  was ;  her  words 
Have  made  me  younger,  by  a  score  of  years, 
llian  I  was  when  I  came  hither. 

Clean,  1  am  still 
Old  Cleon,  (at  and  unwieldy ;  I  shall  never 
Make  a  good  soldier,  and  therefore  desire 
To  be  excused  at  home. 

AmoL  *Tia  my  suit  too  : 
1  am  a  gristle,  and  these  spider  fingers 
Will  never  bold  a  sword.     Let  us  alone 
To  rule  the  slaves  at  home  ;  1  can  so  yerk  them-— 
But  in  my  conscience  I  shall  never  prove 
Good  justice  in  the  war. 

Tiniol.  Have  your  desires  ; 
You  would  be  burthens  to  us,  no  way  aids. 
Lead,  fairest,  to  the  temple  ;  first  we^ll  pay 
A  sacrifice  to  the  gods  for  good  success  : 
For  all  great  actions  the  wish'd  course  do  nm. 
That  are,  with  their  allowance,  well  begun. 

[Eieuntall  but  Piian.  Grac,  and  Cimb, 

PUan,  Stay,  Cimbrio  and  Gracculo. 

Cimb,  The  business  ? 

PUan,   Meet   me  to-morrow   nip^ht 
Neighbouring  the  east  part  of  the  city. 

Grae,  Well. 

Pifan.  And  bring  the  rest  of  our  condition^with 
IVe  something  to  impart  may  break  our  fetters. 
If  you  dare  second  me. 

Ctmi.  We'll  not  fiul. 

Grac.  A  cart-rope 
Shall  not  bind  me  at  home. 

Puan,  Think  on't,  and  prosper.  [Exeunt, 


[grove, 
near  to  the 

[you: 


-I  therefore  beg  il  not 


To  please  the  palate  of  my  appetite ; 

Nor  to  comply  with  heat,  the  yoang  affects 

In  me  defanct,  and  pruper  satisfaction,"  Ike 

The  admirers  of  8hakapcare  cannot  but  recollect  with 
dismay,  the  prodigious  msM  of  nonjectaral  criticism  which 
Steevens  has  accamulaied  on  this  passage,  as  well  as  the 
melanclioly  presage  with  which  it  terminates;  that,  after  all, 
"  it  will  probably  prove  a  latling  sonrce  of  doobt  and  con- 
troversy/' I  confess  I  see  little  occasion  for  either;  nor  can 
I  well  conceive  why,  after  the  rational  and  anforcetl  expla- 
nation  of  Johnson,  the  worthleM  rvveiiesof  Theobald,  Toilet, 
ice,  were  admitted.— it^ecfa  occur  inccMantly  in  the  lenre 
of  passions,  affections  :  goung  ajfecte  is  therefore  perfectly 
synonimons  with  gout^/ut  heate.  Oibello,  lilie  Timoleou, 
was  not  an  old  man,  though  he  had  lost  the  fire  of  youth  ;  the 
critics  might  therefore  have  dismiued  that  concern  for  the 
Udy,  which  they  have  so  delicately  communicated  for  the 
edification  of  the  rising  generation. 

I  have  said  thus  much  on  the  subject,  because  1  observe, 
that  the  numeroas  editions  of  Shakspeare  now  preparing,  lay 
claim  to  patronage  on  the  score  of  religiously  following  the 
text  of  Stcrvrns.  I  am  not  prepared  to  deny  that  this  is  the 
best  which  has  hitherto  appeared  ;  though  I  have  no  difficulty 
ill  affirming  that  those  will  deserve  well  of  the  public,  who 
shall  bring  back  some  readings  which  he  has  discarded,  and 
reject  othf  ra  which  he  ban  adopted.  In  the  present  instance, 
for  example,  his  text,  besides  being  nnwarranted,  and  totally 
foreign  from  tlie  meaning  of  his  aathor,  can  scarcely  be 
reconciled  either  to  grammar  or  sense. 

I  would  wish  tiie  future  editors  of  Shakspeare  to  coasldrr, 
whether  he  might  not  have  given  effect  in  tha  singular  (this 
also  is  used  for  passion),  to  correspond  with  heat ;  and  theu 
the  lines  may  be  thus  regulated : 

"  Nor  to  comply  with  heat,  (the  joang  affect's 
In  me  deftonct,)  and  proper  saUsfacuon.'' 

H 


98 


THE  BONDMAN. 


[Act  IL 


ACT  II. 


SCENE  I. — The  same,    A  Room  in  Archidamus^s 
House. 

Enter  Archidamus,  Timaooras,  Leosthenes,  tcith 
gorgets ;  and  Pisander. 

Archid,  So,  so,  'tis  well :  how  do  I  look  ? 

Pisan,  Most  sprightfully.  [Vm  old 

Archid.  I  shrink  not  in  the  shoulders  ;  though 
I'm  tough,  steel  to  the  back  ;  I  have  not  wasted 
My  stock  of  strength  in  featherbeds  :  here's  an  arm 

too; 
There's  stuff  in't,  and  I  hope  will  use  a  sword 
As  well  as  any  beardless  boy  of  you  all. 

Timag.  I'm  glad  to  see  you,  sir,  so  well  prepared 
To  endure  the  travail  of  the  war. 

Archid.  Go  to,  sirrah  ! 
I  shall  endure,  when  some  of  you  keep  your  cabins, 
For  all  your  flaunting  feathers  ;  nay,  Leosthenes, 
You  are  welcome  too  •,  all  friends  and  fellows  now. 

Leost.  Your  servant,  sir. 

Archid.  Pish  !  leave  these  compliments. 
They  stink  in  a  soldier's  mouth  ;  1  could  be  merry. 
For,  now  my  gown's  off,  farewell  gravit}'t ! 
And  must  be  bold  to  put  a  question  to  you, 
Without  offence,  1  hope. 

Leost.  Sir,  what  you  please. 

Archid.  And  you  will  answer  truly? 

Timag.  On  our  words,  sir. 

Archid.  Go  to,  then  ;  I  presume  you  will  confess 
That  you  are  two  notorious  whoremasters ; 
Nay,  spare  your  blushing,  I've  bfen  wild  myself, 
A  smack  or  so  for  physic  does  no  harm ; 
Nay,  it  is  physic,  if  used  moderately : 
But  to  lie  at  rack  and  manger 

Leost.  Say  we  grant  this. 
For  if  we  should  deny't,  you'll  not  believe  us. 
What  will  you  infer  upon  it  ? 

Archid.  What  you'll  groan  for,  [us, 

I  fear,  when  you  come  to  the  test.     Old  stories  teli 
There's  a  month  call'd  October  |,  which  brings  in 
Cold  weather ;  there  are  trenches  too,  'tis  rumour'd. 
In  which  to  stand  all  night  to  the  knees  in  water. 
In  gallants  breeds  the  toothach  ;  there's  a  sport  too. 
Named  lying  pe  due,  do  you  mark  me  !  'tis  n  game 
Which  you  must  learn  to  play  at ;    now  in  these 
And  choice  variety  of  exercises,  [seasons. 


-nay,  iyfoathmest 


You  are  welcome  too,  4cc.]  It  sbuuUl  be  remembered  that 
ArchidamM  U,  with  great  jii(*^ment,  repre»erited  iu  the 
first  scene,  m  avcnw  to  the  marriage  of  Leosthenes  with  his 
daughter. 

t  J''or,  now  my  govm's  off,  farewell  gravity  /]  This  is  said 
to  have  been  a  frequent  expression  with  the  gicat  but  play- 
ful Sir  Thomas  More,  who  was  never  so  happy  as  when  he 
shook  off  the  pomp  of  office.  Fuller  tells  a  sijnilar  siory  of 
Ix>rd  Burleigh. 

X  Old  ttoriee  tell  m. 

There's  a  month  called  October,  Ac]  This  pleasant  old 
man  forgets  he  Is  talking  of  Sicily,  where  October  is  the 
most  lelightfui  month  of  the  year.  All  our  old  poets  loved 
and  tbonght  only  of  their  country.  Whatever  region  was 
the  subject,  England  was  the  real  theme  :  their  habits,  cus- 
toms, peculiarities,  were  all  derived  from  thence.  This, 
tbongh  it  must  condemn  them  as  historians,  may  save  them 
as  patriots!  and,  indeed,  it  is  not  much  to  be  regretted  that 
they  shonkl  overlook  manners,  with  which  they  were  very 
imperfectly  acquainted,  in  favour  of  those  with  whli*h  they 
were  hourly  conversant— at  least,  it  would  be  uoj^rateful  in 
us,  who  profit  so  much  by  their  minute  descriptions,  to  be 
offended  at  their  disregard  of  what  are  quaintly  called  the 
costumL 


(Nay,  I  come  to  yon,)  and  fasts,  not  for  devodon. 

Your  rambling  hunt-smock  feels  strange  alteratioDs; 

And  in  a  frosty  morning  looks  as  if 

He  could  with  ease  creep  in  a  pottle-pot. 

Instead  of  his  mistress'  placket.  -  Then  he  curaes 

The  time  he  spent  in  midnight  visitations ; 

And  finds  what  he  superfluously  parted  with. 

To  be  reported  good  at  length,  and  well  breadi'd*. 

If  but  retrieved  into  his  back  again  t, 

Would  keep  him  warmer  than  a  scaiiet  waistcoat. 

Enter  Difhilxtb  and  Cleoba. 

Or  an  armour  lined  with  fur — O  welcome !   wel- 
come! 
You  have  cut  off  my  disooorse;  but  I  wiU  perfect 
My  lecture  in  the  camp. 

Diph.  Come,  we  are  stay'd  for ; 
The  general's  afire  for  a  remove. 
And  longs  to  be  in  action. 

Archid.  'Tis  my  wish  too. 
We  must  ptirt — nay,  no  tears,  my  best  Cleoim ; 
I  shall  melt  too,  and  that  were  ominous. 
Millions  of  blessings  on  thee !    All  that's  mine 
I  give  up  to  thy  charge ;  and,  sirrah,  look 

{To  Pisamder. 
You  with  that  care  and  reverence  observe  her, 
Which  you  would  pay  to  me.    A  kiss;   (areweU, 

Diph.  Peace  wait  upon  yon,  fair  one! 

\^Exeunt  Archidamus,  Diphiha,  and  Pimuider. 

Timag.  'Twere  impertinence 
To  wish  you  to  be  careful  of  your  honour. 
That  ever  keep  in  pay  a  guard  about  you 
Of  faithful  virtues.    Farewell :  friend,  I  leave  you 
To  wipe  our  kisses  off;  I  know  that  lovers 
Part  with  more  circumstance  and  ceremony ; 
Which  I  give  way  to.  [£nL 

Leost.  'Tis  a  noble  favour. 
For  which  I  ever  owe  you.     We  are  alone ; 
But  how  I  should  begin,  or  in  what  language 
Speak  the  unwilling  word  of  parting  finnn  you, 
I  am  yet  to  learn. 

Cleo.  And  still  continue  ignorant ; 
For  I  must  be  most  cruel  to  myself. 
If  I  should  teach  you. 

Leost.  Yet  it  must  be  spoken. 
Or  you  will  chide  my  slackness.    You  have  fired  ma 
With  the  heat  of  noble  action  to  deserve  you  ; 
And  the  least  spark  of  honour  that  took  life 
From   your   sweet  breath,    still  fann'd  by  it  and 
Must  mount  up  in  a  glorious  flame,  or  I   [cberish'd. 
Am  much  unwortliy. 

Cleo.  May  it  not  bum  here. 
And,  as  a  seamark,  serve  to  guide  true  lorera, 
Toss'd  on  the  ocean  of  luxurious  wishes. 
Safe  from  tlie  rocks  of  lust,  into  the  harbour 
Of  pure  affection  1  rising  up  an  example 


*  Tobe  reported  pood,  at  length,  and  well  krmUk*4]ml 
length,  which  completes  the  verse.  Is  carelessly  dropc  ky 
both  the  editors. 

i  If  hut  retrieved  into  his  back  agaim  ]  This  /with  the 
exception  of  But  \f,  for  if  but,  which  1  am  accoaniatile 
(ct)  Is  the  reading  of  the  second  quarto ;  the  flnt  qaalad) 
reads : 

*'  But  if  retained  into  hU  Uck  again.'* 


J 


THE  BOiNDMAN. 


99 


ftprtimes  shall  witness  to  onr  glory, 
k  from  us  beginning. 
'Tis  a  happiness 

to  my  country,  and  mine  honour 
consent  to ;  besides,  add  to  these, 
Dur  pleasure,  fortified  by  persuasion, 
ngth  of  reason,  for  the  genera]  good, 
hould  go. 

^las  !  I  then  was  witty 
.  against  myself ;  and  mine  eye,  fix'd 
e  hill  of  honour,  ne'er  descended 
into  the  vale  of  certain  dangers, 
I  which  you  were  to  cut  your  passage  to  it. 
Ill  stay  at  home,  then. 
N'o,  that  must  not  be  ; 

0  senre  my  own  ends,  and  to  gain 
wreath  myself,  I  rob  you  of 

1  triumph,  which  must  fall  upon  you, 
ie*s  tum'd  a  handmaid  to  blind  Fortune,  v^ 
my  soul  divided  !  to  confirm  you 

pinion  of  the  world,  most  worthy 
>loved  (with  me  you're  at  the  height, 

advance  no  further,)  I  must  send  you 
;  the  goddess  of  stem  war,  who,  if 
you  with  my  eyes,  will  ne'er  return  you, 
w  enamour'd  of  you. 

Sweet,  take  comfort ! 
at  I  offer  you,  you  must  vouchsafe  me, 

wretchea:  all  the  dangers  that 
counter  in  the  war,  are  trifles ; 
nies  abroad,  to  be  contemn *d ; 
adfnl  foes,  that  have  the  power  to  hurt  me, 
It  home  with  you. 
With  me  ? 

Nay,  in  you, 
r  part  about  you,  they  are  arm'd 

against  me. 
Where? 

There's  no  perfection 
u  are  mistress  of,  but  musters  up 
1  against  me,  and  all  sworn 
lestruction. 
This  is  strange ! 

But  true,  sweet ; 
of  love  can  work  such  miracles  ! 
lis  ivory  forehead  are  intrench 'd 
usand  rivals,  and  these  suns  command 
s  from  all  the  world,  on  pain  to  forfeit 
>mfortable  beams  ;  these  ruby  lips, 
ixchequer  to  assure  their  pay ; 
3d,  Sibylla's  golden  bough  to  guard  them, 
i  hell  and  horror,  to  the  Elysian  springs ; 
wholl  not  venture  for  ?  ana,  should  I  name 

the  virtues  of  your  mind  invite, 
ambers  would  be  infinite. 
Can  you  think 
« tempted  ? 

You  were  never  proved*. 

I  have  conversed  with  you  no  further 
ould  become  a  brother.    I  ne'er  tuned 
lotes  to  your  chaste  ears ;  or  brought  rich 
artillery,  to  batter  down  [presents 

tress  of  your  honour ;  nor  endeavour'd 
e  your  blood  run  high  at  solemn  feasts 
ands  that  provoke ;  the  speeding  philtres : 

t.  You  were  never  proved.]  The  whole  of  this 
eraiacnily  beanti/al ;  yet  I  cannot  avoid  recom- 
lo  the  reader's  particnlar  notice,  the  speech  which 
Its  rhythm  is  so  perfect,  that  it  droos  on  the  ear 
iweetest  melody. 


I  work'd  no  bawds  to  tempt  3rou ;  never  practised 

The  cunning  and  corrupting  arts  they  study. 

That  wander  in  the  wild  maze  of  desire ; 

Honest  simplicity  and  truth  were  all 

The  agents  I  emplojr'd ;  and  when  I  came 

To  see  vou,  it  was  with  that  reirerence 

As  I  beoeld  the  altars  of  the  |^ods : 

And  love,  that  came  along  with  me,  was  taught 

To  leave  his  arrows  and  his  torch  behind, 

Quench'd  in  my  fear  to  g^ve  offence. 

Cleo.  And 'twas 
That  modesty  that  took  me  and  preserves  me. 
Like  a  fresh  rose,  in  mine  own  natural  sweetness , 
Which,  sullied  with  the  touch  of  impure  hands, 
Loses  both  scent  and  beauty. 

Leoft,  But,  Cleora, 
When  I  am  absent,  as  I  must  go  from  you 
(Such  is  the  cruelty  of  my  fate),  and  leave  you, 
Unguarded,  to  the  violent  assaults 
Of  loose  temptations ;  when  the  memory 
Of  my  so  many  years  of  love  and  service 
Is  lost  in  other  objects ;  when  you  are  courted 
By  such  as  keep  a  catalogue  of  their  conquests. 
Won  upon  creoulous  virgins ;  when  nor  father 
Is  here  to  owe  you,  brother  to  advise  you  •, 
Nor  your  poor  servant  by,  to  keep  such  off. 
By  lust  instructed  how  to  undermine. 
And  blow  your  chastity  up ;  when  your  weak  senies, 
At  once  assaulted,  shall  conspire  against  you. 
And  play  the  traitors  to  your  soul,  your  virtue ; 
How  can  you  stand  1  'Faith,  though  you  fall,  and  I 
The  judge  before  whom  you  then  stood  accused, 
I  should  iicnuit  you. 

CUo.  Will  you  then  confirm 
That  love  and  jealousy,  though  of  different  natures, 
Must  of  necessity  be  twins ;  the  younger 
Created  only  to  defeat  the  elder, 
And  spoil  Imn  of  his  birthright  t  ?  'tis  not  well. 
But  being  to  part,  I  will  not  chide,  I  will  not ; 
Nor  with  one  syllable  or  tear,  express 
How  deeply  I  am  wounded  with  the  arrows 
Of  your  dii^trust :  but  when  that  you  shall  hear. 
At  your  return,  how  I  have  borne  myself, 
And  what  an  austere  penance  I  take  on  me. 
To  satisfy  your  doubts  ;  when,  like  a  vestal, 
I  shew  you,  to  your  shame,  the  fire  still  burning. 
Committed  to  my  charge  by  true  affection, 
The  people  joining  with  you  in  the  wonder ; 
When,  by  the  glorious  splendour  of  my  sufferings. 
The  prying  eyes  of  jealousy  are  struck  blind. 
The  monster  too  that  feeds  on  fears,  e'en  starved 
For  want  of  seeming  matter  to  accuse  me ; 
Expect,  Leosthenes,  a  sharp  reproof 
From  my  just  anger. 

Least.  What  will  you  do  ? 

Cleo,  Obey  me. 
Or  from  this  minute  you  are  a  stranger  to  me ; 
And  do't  without  reply.     All-seeing  sun, 
'i  hou  witness  of  my  innocence,  thus  I  close 
Mine  eyes  against  thy  comfortable  light. 


• when  nor  father 

1$  here  to  owe  you,  brother  to  advise  yotL]  Owe  iafle  reading 
of  both  the  qnartos ;  and  is  evidently  right.  The  ^opertif  of 
Cleora  was  in  the  father;  this  is  diBtingoished  ftom  the 
only  right  the  brother  had  :— fo  advUe.  The  modern  vJi- 
tor8,not  comprehending  this,  sophisticate  the  text; and  print— 

+  A^ndV^T^him  qfhie  birthriaht  f]  This  is  a  happy 
allusion  to  the  history  of  Jacob  and  Esan.  It  is.^e  more 
so,  for  being  void  of  all  profaneness ;  to  whidW^D'!*^ 
Massingcr  had  no  tendency.  *    j 

H  2 


J^ 


100 


THE  BONDMAN. 


[Act  II. 


Till  the  return  of  this  distnistfiil  man ! 

Now  bind  them  sure; — nay,  do't:    [He  binds  her 

eyes."]    If»  uncompell'd, 
I  loose  this  knot,  until  the  hands  that  made  it 
Be  pleased  to  untie  it,  may  consuming  plagues 
Fall  heavy  on  me !  pray  you  guide  me  to  your  lips. 
This  kiss,  when  you  come  back,  shall  be  a  virgin 
To  bid  you  welcome  ;  nay,  I  have  not  done  yet : 
I  will  continue  dumb,  and,  you  once  gone. 
No  accent  shall  come  from  me.    Now  to  my  chamber. 
My  tomb,  if  you  miscarry  :  there  Til  spend 
My  hours  in  silent  mourning,  and  thus  much 
Shall  be  reported  of  me  to  my  glory. 
And  you  confess  it,  whether  I  live  or  die, 
My  chastity  triumphs  o'er  your  jealousy.      lEieunt, 

SCENE  IL~T^  tame.    A  Roam  in  Cleon's  Houee. 
Enter  Asoxus,  driving  in  Gracculo. 

Asot.  You  slave !  you  dog !  down,  cur. 

Grae.  Hold,  good  young  master, 
For  pitfa  sake ! 

Aua,  Now  am  I  in  my  kingdom  : — 
Who  says  I  am  not  valiant  ?  1  begin 
To  frown  again  :  quake,  villain. 

Grac.  So  I  do,  sir ; 
Your  looks  are  ag^es  to  me. 

AsoU  Are  they  so,  sir! 
'Slight,  if  I  had  them  at  this  bay  that  flout  me. 
And  say  I  look  like  a  sheep  and  an  ass,  I'd  make  them 
Feel  that  I  am  a  lion. 

Grac.  Do  not  roar,  sir. 
As  you  are  a  valiant  beast :  but  do  you  know 
Why  you  use  me  thus  1 

Asot.  I'll  beat  thee  a  little  more. 
Then  study  for  a  reason.    O  !  1  have  it : 
One  brake  a  jest  on  me,  and  then  I  swore. 
Because  I  durst  not  strike  him,  when  I  came  home 
That  I  would  break  thy  head. 

Grac.  Plague  on  his  mirth*  ! 
I'm  sure  I  mourn  for't. 

Asot.  Remember  too.  I  charge  you. 
To  teach  my  horse  good  manners  ye'. ;  this  morning. 
As  I  rode  to  take  the  air,  the  untutor'd  jade 
Threw  me,  and  kick'd  me. 

Grac.  I  thank  him  for't.  [Aside. 

Asot.  What's  that  ? 

Grac.  I  say,  sir,  I  will  teach  him  to  hold  his  heels. 
If  you  will  rule  your  fingers. 

AsoL  I'll  think  upon't. 

Garc.  I  am  bruised  to  jelly :  better  be  a  dog, 
Than  slave  to  a  fool  or  coward.  [k^tJe. 

AsoL  Here's  my  mother. 

Enter  Cobisca  and  Zanthia. 

She  is  chastising  tod:  how  brave  we  live, 

That  have  our  uaves  to  beat,  to  keep  us  in  breath 

When  we  want  exercise  1 

Coris,  Careless  harlotry,  [Striking  her. 

Look  to't ;  if  a  curl  fall,  or  wind  or  sun 
Take  my  complexion  off,  I  will  not  leave 
One  hair  upon  thine  head. 

Grac  Here's  a  second  show 

•  Grac.  PUgne  on  hi§  mirth.]  Thb  is  marked  u  a  side 
•peech  by  the  modern  editors ;  It  is  spolien,  liovrever,  to 
Atocus:  and  allodes  to  wliat  he  calls  ujeat  in  tlie  preceding 
line.  It  is  wortli  olwerviog,  that  the  editor  of  the  second 
qaarto  freqaently  varies  the  exclamations  of  the  flmt,  and 
always  for  the  worse :  thns  Play^  t  is  Dnifurmly  turned 
into  P-^t  Coxcter  and  Mr.  M.  Mason  foUow  him. 


0  f  the  faro  ily  of  pride.  [Ande. 
Coris.  Fie  on  these  wars ! 

I'm  starved  for  want  of  action  ;  not  a  gamester  left 

To  keep  a  woman  play.    If  tliis  world  last 

A  little  longer  with  us,  ladies  must  study 

Some  new-foimd  mystery  to  cool  one  another ; 

We  shall  bum  to  cinders  else.    I  have  heard  there 

have  been 
Such  arts  in  a  long  vacation ;  would  they  were 
Reveal'd  to  me !  they  have  made  my  doctor  too 
Physician  to  the  ariny ;  he  was  used 
To  serve  the  turn  at  a  pinch ;  but  I  am  now 
Quite  unprovided. 

Asot.  My  mother-in-law  is,  sure. 
At  her  devotion. 

Coris.  There  are  none  but  our  slaves  left. 
Nor  are  they  to  be  trusted.    Some  greet  women. 
Which  I  could  name,  in  a  dearth  of  visitants. 
Rather  than  be  idle,  have  been  glad  to  play 
At  small  game ;  but  I  am  so  queasy-stomach'd. 
And  from  my  youth  have  been  so  used  to  dainriaa, 

1  cannot  taste  such  gross  meat.  Some  that  are 
Draw  on  their  shoemakers,  and  take  a  fiiU  [hungry 
From  such  as  mend  mats  in  their  galleries ; 

Or  when  a  tailor  settles  a  petticoat  on. 
Take  measure  of  his  bodkin  ;  fie  upon't ! 
'Tis  base ;  for  my  part,  I  could  ratner  lie  with 
A  gallant's  breeches,  and  conceive  upon  them. 
Than  stoop  so  low. 

Asot.  Fair  madam,  and  my  mother.  [coiintnr, 

Coris.  Leave  the  last  out,  it  smells  rank  of  toe 
And    shews   coarse  breeding;    your  true  courtier 

knows  not 
His  niece,  or  sister,  from  another  woman, 
If  she  be  apt  and  cunning.     I  could  tempt  now 
This  fool,  but  he  will  be  so  long  a  working ! 
Then  he's  my  husband's  son : — the  fitter  to 
Supply  his  wants ;  I  have  the  way  already, 
I'll  try  if  it  will  take.     When  were  you  with 
Your  mistress,  fair  Cleora  1 

Asot.  Two  days  sithence ; 
But  she's  so  cov,  forsooth,  that  ere  I  can      [for  her, 
Speak  a  penn'd  speech  I  have  bought  and  studied 
Her  woman  calls  her  away. 

Coris.  Here's  a  dull  thing ! 
But  better  taught,  I  hope.    Send  off  your  man. 

Asot.  Sirrah,  be  gone. 

Grae,  I'his  is  the  first  good  turn 
She  ever  did  me. 

Coris.  Well  have  a  scene  of  mirth  ; 
I  must  not  have  you  shamed  for  want  of  pnctios. 
I  stand  here  for  Cleora,  and,  do  you  hear,  minioo. 
That  you  may  tell  her  what  her  woman  should  do, 
Repeat  the  lesson  over  that  I  tau|;ht  yon. 
When  my  young  lord  came  to  visit  me ;  if  joa  miss 
In  a  syllable  or  posture—— 

Zant.  I  am  perfect. 

Asot.  Would  I  were  so !  I  fear  I  shall  be  oot. 

Coris.  If  you  are.  111  help  you  in.    Thus  I  walk 
You  are  to  enter,  and,  as  you  pass  by,        [i 
Salute  my  woman ; — be  but  bold  enough. 
You'll  speed,  I  warrant  jrou.    Begim 

Asot.  Have  at  it 

Save  thee,  sweet  heart !  a  kiss. 

Zant.  Venus  forbid,  sir, 
I  should  presume  to  taste  your  honour *s  lips 
Before  my  lady. 

Coris.  This  is  well  on  both  parts. 

Asot.  How  does  thy  lady  ? 

Zant.  Happy  in  your  lordship. 


[EtiL 


ScFJfB  UI.] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


101 


yoa: 
lout. 


Ab  oft  as  she  tbinkt  on  yoa. 

Corit.  Very  rood  ; 
lliU  wench  will  lesrn  in  time. 

AioL  Does  she  think  of  me  1 

ZanL  O,  sir !  and  speaks  the  best  of  too  ;  admires 
Your  wit,  jour  clothes,  discourse ;  and  swears,  but 

that 
Vou  are  not  forward  enough  for  a  lord,  you  were 
The  most  complete  and  absolute  man, — I'll  shew 
Your  lordship  a  secret. 

AsoL  Not  of  thine  ownl 

Zant.  O !  no,  sir, 
'Tis  of  my  lady :  but,  upon  your  honour. 
You  must  conceal  it. 

Atot.  By  all  means. 

ZanL  Sometimes 
I  lie  with  my  lady ;  as  the  last  night  I  did ; 
She  could  not  say  her  prayers  for  thinking  of  yo 
Nay,  she  talk'd  of  you  in  her  sleep,  and  sigh'd  o 

0  5iMrt  Atoha,  ture  thou  art  to  backward. 
That  I  must  ravish  thet!  and  in  that  fervour 
She  took  me  in  her  arms,  threw  me  upon  her, 
Ki«i*d  me,  and  hugg*d  me,  and  then  waked,  and  wept. 
Because  'twas  but  a  dream. 

Corit.  This  will  bring  him  on. 
Or  he's  a  block.    A  good  girl  1 

Atat,  I  am  mad. 
Till  I  am  at  it. 

Zamt  Be  not  put  off,  sir. 
With,  Away,  I  dart  not  ;^fie»  you  art  immodest ;  -^ 
Mtf  brathir  t  up; — my  father  will  htar^ — Shoot  home. 
You  cannot  miss  the  mark.  [sir, 

Atot.  There's  for  thy  counsel. 
This  is  the  fiurest  interlude, — ^if  it  prove  earnest, 

1  shall  wish  I  were  a  player. 

Corit.  Now  my  turn  comes. 
I  am  exceeding  sick,  pray  you  send  my  pa^e 
For  young  Asotns,  I  cannot  live  without  hmi ; 
Pray  htm  to  visit  me  ;  yet,  when  he's  present, 
I  must  be  strange  to  him. 

AsoL  Not  so,  }rou  are  caught  : 
Lo,  wh<mi  yon  wish  ;  behold  Asotus  here  ! 

Corit,  Yon  wait  well,  minion  ;  shortly  I  shall  not 
speak 
My  thoughts  in  my  private  chamber,  but  they  must 
Lie  open  to  discovery. 

Atot,  'Slid,  she's  angry. 

Zami,  No,  no,  air,  she  but  seems  so.    To  her  again. 

AtoL  Lady,  I  would  descend  to  kiss  your  hand, 
But  that  'ds  gloved,  and  civet  makes  me  sick  ; 
And  to  presume  to  taste  your  lip's  not  safe, 
Yonr  woman  by. 

Corit,  I  hope  she's  no  observer 
Of  whom  I  grace.  {Zanthia  lookt  on  a  book. 

Atot,  She%  at  her  book,  O  rare !  [Kisset  Iter, 

Corit,  A  kiss  for  entertainment  is  sufficient ; 
Too  much  of  one  dish  cloys  me. 

Atet,  I  would  serve  in 
The  second  course  ;  but  stOl  I  fear  your  woman. 

Corit,  Yoa  are  very  cautelous*. 

[ZanlAta  teemt  to  titep. 


*  Cork.  I'm  are  werf  caatdoas.]  Thte  word  oneun  con- 
tianally  in  tkm  wenat  of  wary,  nsplcioM,  ovcr-circam- 
•prcc,*c. 

"  This  caanoC  be  Briaae,  that  worthy  gentlemaii. 

"He  it  loo  pradeBt.  and  too  cauteloua:  The  Elder 
Brother;   yet   Mr.  M.   Maaon  cbooMs  to  displace  it   for 


J  which,  boidet  heieg  a  fiebier  eaprewion,  ha>  the 
farther  rccomoieadatlita,  of  ^pnUing  the  metre.  I  cannot 
avoid  nljolBiagflhat  Ihli,  and  the  preceding  teene,  are  most 


Atot.  'Slight,  she's  asleep  1 
Tis  pity  these  instructions  are  not  printed ; 
They  would  sell  well  to  chambermaids.     'Tis  no 

time  now 
To  play  with  my  good  fortune,  and  your  £ivour ; 
Yet  to  be  taken,  as  they  say : — a  scout, 
To  give  the  signal  when  the  enemy  comes, 

IKrit  Zanthia. 
Were  now  worth  gold. — She's  gone  to  watch. 
A  waiter  so  train'd  up  were  worth  a  million 
To  a  wanton  city  madam. 

Coris,  You  are  g^wn  conceited*. 

Atot.  You  teach  me.     Lady,  now  your  cabinet — 

Coris,  You  speak  as  it  were  yours. 

Atot.  When  we  are  there, 
III  shew  you  my  best  evidence. 

Corit.  Hold  !  you  forget, 
I  only  play  Cleore's  part. 

Asot.  No  matter, 
Now  we've  beg^n,  let's  end  the  act. 

Coris.     Forbear,  sir  j 
Your  father's  wife ! 

Asot.  VVby,  being  his  heir,  I  am  bound. 
Since  he  can  make  no  satisfaction  to  you. 
To  see  his  debts  paid 

Enter  Zantria  running, 

Zant.  Madam,  my  lord ! 

Corit.  Fall  off; 
I  must  trifle  with  the  time  too ;  hf>ll  confound  it 

Asot.  Plague  on  his  toothless  chaps !   he  cannot 
do't 
Himself,  yet  hinders  such  as  have  good  stomachs. 

Enter  Cl£On. 

Clean.  Where  are  you,  wife?    I   fain  would   go 
abroad, 
But  cannot  find  my  slaves  that  bear  my  litter ; 
I  am  tired.     Your  shoulder,  son ; — ^nay,  sweet,  thy 

hand  too ; 
A  turn  or  two  in  the  garden,  and  then  to  supper. 
And  so  to  bed. 
ilMt.  Never  to  rise,  I  hope,  more.  [Exeicnt. 


SCENE  III.— i4  Grove  near  the  Wallt  of  Syracuse. 
Enter  Pisander  and  Poupdron,  A  Table, 

Pitan.  'Twill  take,  I  warrant  tliee. 

Poliph,  You  may  do  your  pleasure ; 
But,  in  my  judgment,  better  to  make  use  of 
The  present  opportunity. 

Pitan.  No  more. 

Poliph,  I  am  silenced. 

Pisan,  More  wine ;  prithee  drink  hard,  friend. 
And  when  we're  hot,  whatever  I  propound. 

Enter  Cm  brio,  Graoculo,  and  other  Slaves, 

Second  with  vehemence.    Men  of  your  words,  all 

welcome ! 
Slaves  use  no  ceremony  ;  sit  down,  here's  a  health. 

Poliph.  Let  it  run  round,  fill  evenr  man  his  glass. 

Grae.  We  look  for  no  waiters ;  tnis  is  wine ! 


■candalontly  given  by  both  the  editor* ;  scarcely  a  alogle 
speech  being  withoat  a  misprint  or  an  orolMlon. 

*  Coris.  You  are  grown  conceited,]  L  e.  facetiona,  witty : 
so  in  Ram  AUey  or  Merry  Trteha,  1611. 

Throats.  What  brongbt  yoo  hither  f 

Boat.  Why,  these  small  legs. 

Tkfroaie.  Yoa  are  conceited,  sir. 


10« 


THE  BONDMAN. 


[Act  II. 


Pisan.  The  better,  [us 

Strong,  lusty  wine  :  drink  deep,  this  juice  will  make 
As  free  as  our  lords.  [Drinks. 

Grac,  But  if  tliey  find  we  taste  it. 
We  are  all  damn'd  to  the  quarry  during  life, 
Without  hope  of  redemption. 

¥isan.  Pish  !  for  that 
We'll  talk  anon :  another  rouse*  !  we  lose  time ; 

[DHnU, 
When  our  low  blood's  wound  up  a  little  higher, 
111  offer  my  design  *,  nay,  we  are  cold  yet ; 
These  glasses  contain  nothing  :— 4o  me  right, 

[Tahes  the  battle. 
As  e'er  you  hope  for  liberty.     'Tis  done  bravely ; 
How  do  you  feel  yourselves  now  ? 

Cimb,  I  begin 
To  have  strange  conundrums  in  my  head. 

Grac.  And  I  [now, 

To  loath  base  water  :    I  would  be  hang*d  in  peace 
For  one  month  of  such  holidays. 

Piaan,  An  age,  boys, 
And  yet  defy  the  whip  ;  if  you  are  men. 
Or  dare  believe  you  have  souls. 

Cimb.  We  are  no  brokers. 

Grac,  Nor  whores,  whose  marks  are  out  of  their 
mouths,  they  have  nonet ; 
They  hardly  can  get  salt  enough  to  keep  them 
From  stinking  above  ground. 

Piaan,  Our  lords  are  no  gods — 

Grac.  They  are  devils  to  us,  I  am  sure. 

Pitan.  But  subject  to 
Cold,  hunger,  and  diseases. 

Grac.  In  abundance. 
Your  lord  that  feels  no  ach  in  his  chine  at  twenty. 
Forfeits  his  privilege ;  how  should  their  surgeons 
Or  ride  on  their  footcloths  ?  [build  else, 

Pitan.  Equal  Nature  fashion^  us 
All  in  one  mould.     The  bear  serves  not  the  bear. 
Nor  the  wolf  the  wolf;  'twas  odds  of  strength  in 

tyrants, 
That  pluck'd  the  first  link  from  the  golden  chain 
With  which  that  Thing  of  Thivcs^  bound  in  the 

world. 
Why  then,  since  we  are  taught,  by  their  examples. 
To  love  our  liberty,  if  not  command,  [ones  ? 

Should  the  strong  serve  the  weak,  the  fair,  deform'd 
Or  such  as  know  the  cause  of  things,  pay  tribute 
To  ignorant  fools?     All's  but  the  outwaid  gloss, 
And  jtolitick  form,  that  does  distinguish  us. 
Cimbrio,  thou  art  a  strong  man ;  if,  in  place 
Of  carrying  burthens,  thou  hadst  been  train'd  up 
In  mardal  discipline,  thou  might'st  have  proved 
A  general,  fit  to  lead  and  fight  for  Sicily, 
As  fortunate  as  Timoleon. 

Cimb.  A  little  fighting 
Will  serve  a  general's  turn. 

Piun,  Thou,  Gracculo, 
Hast  fluency  ot  language,  quick  conceit ;    . 
And,  I  think,  cover'd  with  a  senator's  robe. 
Formally  set  on  the  bench,  thou  wouldst  appear 
As  brave  a  senator. 

Grac.  Would  I  had  lands, 

* amother  ronte!]    Another  full  glass,  another  bo  in« 

per.    See  the  Duke  qf  Miian. 

t  Grac.  Nor  whoree,whoeemark»  are  out  o/ their  mouthet 
they  have  none;]  Tkep  have  none;  is  omitted  both  by  Coxe- 
ter  and  M.  Mason. 

X  Thai  TuiMO  OF  Tbinos.]  A  literal  translation,  as  Mr. 
M.  Marin  observes,  of  Ems  Entium.  I  kuow  not  where 
Pisandtr  acquired  his  revolutionary  philosophy  :  his  goklen 
chain,  perhaps  be  found  in  Homer. 


Or  money  to  buy  a  place  ;  and  if  I  did  not  | 

Sleep  on  the  bench  with  the  drowsiest  of  them,  play  i 
with  my  chain,  [and  wear 

Look  on  my  watch,  when  my  guts  chimed  twelve, 
A  state  beard,  with  my  barber's  help,  rank   with  , 
them  I 

In  their  most  choice  peculiar  gifts  ;  degrade  me. 
And  put  me  to  drink  water  again,  whidi,  now 
I  have  tasted  wine,  were  poison  ! 

Piaan.  'Tis  spoke  nobly. 
And  like  a  gownman  :  none  of  these,  I  think  too. 
But  would  prove  good  burghers. 

Grac,  Hum  !  the  fools  are  modest ; 
I  know  their  insides :  here's  an  ill-faced  fellow, 
(But  that  will  not  be  seen  in  a  dark  shop,) 
If  he  did  not  in  a  month  learn  to  outswear,        [man 
In  the  selling  of  his  wares,  the  cunning'st  trades- 
In  Syracusa,  I  have  no  skill.     Here's  another. 
Observe  but  what  a  cozening  look  he  has  ! — 
Hold  up  tliy  head,  man ;  if,  for  drawing  gallants 
Into  mortgages  for  commodities^,  or  cheating  heirs 
With  your  new  counterfeit  gold  thread,  and  giunm'd 

velvets. 
He  does  not  transcend  all  that  went  before  him. 
Call  in  his  patent:  pass  the  rest;  they'll  all  make 
Sufilcient  beccos,  and  with  their  brow-antlers 
Bear  up  the  cap  of  maintenance. 

Piaan*  Is't  not  pity,  then. 
Men  of  such  eminent  virtues  should  be  slaves! 

Cimb.  Our  fortune. 

Piaan,  'Tis  your  folly :  daring  men 
Command  and  make  their  fates.    Say,  at  this  instant, 
I  mark'd  you  out  a  way  to  liberty ; 
Possess'd  you  of  those  blessings,  our  proud  lords 
So  long  have  surfeited  in }  and,  what  is  sweetest. 
Arm  you  with  power,  by  strong  hsnd  to  revenge 
Your  stripes,  your  unregarded  toil,  the  pride. 
The  insolence  of  such  as  tread  upon 
Your  patient  sufferings ;  fill  your  fionisb'd  months 
With  the  fat  and  plenty  of  the  land ;  redeem  yon 
From  the  dark  vale  of  servitude,  and  seat  you 
Upon  a  hill  of  happiness ;  what  would  you  do 
To  purchase  this,  and  morel 

Grac.  Do  !  any  thing : 
To  bum  a  church  or  two,  and  dance  bj  the  light  on't. 
Were  but  a  May-game. 

Poliph.  I  have  a  father  living ; 
But,  if  the  cutting  of  his  throat  could  work  this, 
He  should  excuse  me. 

Cimb.  'Slight !  I  would  cut  mine  own. 
Rather  than  miss  it,  so  I  might  but  have 
A  taste  on't,  ere  I  die. 


•  if*  for  drawing  jfaUanie 

Into  morti/oifee  for  cummudiiies,  Arc]  1.  c.  tor  warei*  of  | 
which  the  neudy  borrower  made  wluit  he  eoald :  **  FixU, 
hcr«'<i  yuung  master  Rash ;  lie's  in  for  a  commeiitg  of  iMrowe  I 
pxper  nod  old  finger,  ninescore  and  seventeen  poasda;  ttf  | 
vthich  he  made  Ave  marks  ready  money:"  meamere Jbr 
AJetture.  This  is  ridicolons  enough;  and.  Indeed,  oar  old 
writc'is  are  extremely  pleasant  on  the  heterofeacoea  artldes* 
which  the  nsurers  of  their  days  forced  oo  the '  ocecMity  of 
the  thuaghtless  spendthrift,  in  lieu  of  the  nsooey  for  which 
hi>  hud  rashly  signed.  Fieldini(  has  imitated  them  in  hit 
Aliger,  without  adding  much  to  Uieir  hnmoor :  aad  Fonip, 
in  The  Minor,  has  servilely  followed  his  example.  The 
spectators  of  those  scenes  probably  thonght  that  the  writen 
had  gone  beyond  real  life,  and  drawn  on  lnia|iBatleB  far 
their  amusement :  but  transactions  (not  altofeiher  nropert 
perhaps,  to  be  specified  here)  have  actually  taken  pteee  in 
our  own  times,  which  leave  their  boldest  concepHons  at 
an  humble  distance ;  and  prove,  beyond  a  doobt,  that  la  the 
arts  of  raisiog  money,  the  invention  of  the  moot  fertile  port 
must  yield  to  that  of  the  meanest  acrivaaer. 


ScDfsU.] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


103^ 


Putni,  Be  rMolute  men, 
You  shall  run  no  such  hasard,  nor  groan  under 
Tke  burthen  of  such  cxying  sins. 

Cimb,  The  means? 

Grac»  I  feel  a  woman's  longing. 

Polipk,  Do  not  torment  us 
With  expectation. 

Pitan.  Thus,  then :  Our  proud  masters, 
And  all  the  able  fireemen  otthe  city. 
Are  gone  unto  the  frars 

Poliph,  Observe  but  that. 

Pisan,  Old  men,  and  such  as  can  make  no  resist- 
ance. 
Are  only  left  at  home 

Grac,  And  the  proud  young  fool, 
My  master :  If  this  take,  HI  hamper  him. 


Pita$u  Their  arsenal,    their  treasure,  's  in  our 
power. 
If  we  have  hearts  to  seise  them.     If  our  lords  fall 
In  the  present  action,  the  whole  country's  ours  : 
Say  they  return  rictorious,  we  have  means 
To  keep  the  town  against  them  :  at  the  worst, 
To  make  our  own  conditions.    Now,  if  you  dare 
Fall  on  their  daughters  and  their  wives,  break  up 
Their  iron  chests,  banquet  on  their  rich  beds, 
And  carve  yourselves  of  all  delights  and  pleasure 
You  have  been  barr*d  from,  with  one  roice  cry  with 
Liberty,  liberty !  [me, 

AIL  Liberty,  liberty !  [dom  : 

Piian,  Go  then,  and  take  possession  :  use  all  free- 
But  shed  no  blood. — So,  this  is  well  begun ; 
But  not  to  be  commended,  till't  be  done.       [Eivunt. 


ACT  III. 


SCENE  I.  -^  The  tame.    A  Roam  in  Abchidamus's 

ffoiiM. 

Enter  Pisandbr  and  Timandra. 

Piean,  Why,  think  you  that  I  plot  againstmyself  *? 
Fear  nothing,  you  are  safe ;  these  thick-skinn'd  slaves 
I  use  as  instruments  to  serve  my  ends, 
Pierce  not  my  deep  designs ;  nor  shall  they  dare 
To  lift  an  arm  agamst  you. 

Tamnd.  With  your  wUL 
But  turbulent  spirits,  raised  beyond  themselves 
With  ease,  are  not  so  soon  laid ;  they  oft  prove 
Dangerous  to  him  that  call'd  them  up. 

Pimn.  'Tis  true. 
In  what  is  raahlv  undertook.    Long  since 
I  have  considered  seriously  their  natures. 
Proceeded  widi  mature  advice,  and  know 
I  hold  their  wills  and  ftculties  in  more  awe 
Than  I  can  do  my  own.    Now,  for  their  license 
And  riot  in  the  city,  I  can  make 
A  just  defence  ana  use :  it  may  appear  too 
A  politick  ptevention  of  such  Uls 
As  mieht,  with  greater  violence  and  danger. 
Hereafter  be  attempted ;  though  some  smart  for't. 
It  matters  not: — however,  I'm  resolved; 
And  sleep  yon  with  security.    Holds  Cleora 
Constant  to  her  rash  vow? 

Jtmamd.  Beyond  belief  j 
To  me,  that  see  her  hourly,  it  seems  a  fable. 
By  signs  I  guess  at  her  commands,  and  serve  them 
With  silence ;  such  her  pleasure  is,  made  known 
By  holdiiig  her  fair  hand  thus.    She  eats  little, 
Suepa  less,  as  I  imagine;  onoe  a  day, 
I  lead  her  to  this  gsUery,  where  she  walks 
Soma  half  a  doaen  turns,  and,  having  offer *d 
To  her  abaent  saint  a  sacrifice  of  sighs. 
She  points  back  to  her  prison. 

Pwau  Guide  her  hiuier. 
And  make  her  undentand  the  slaves'  revolt ; 
And,  with  your  utmost  eloquence,  enlarge 


•  Piaaa.  IFXr>  'MOr  pm  that  J  phi  agahut  mymtff] 
The  pteC  opens  hero  with  wonderAil  addreH,  and  the  tao- 
cccdiiBg  confcnoccv  or  nlhcr  leene,  bctwcca  PiMiider  and 
Cleora,  b  iklmHafalj  bcaatifU. 


Their  insolence,  and  rapes  done  in  the  city : 
Forget  not  too,  I  am  their  chief,  and  tell  her 
You  strongly  think  my  extreme  dotage  on  her. 
As  I'm  Manillo,  caused  this  sudden  uproar 
To  make  way  to  enjoy  her. 

Timand.  Punctually 
I  will  discharge  my  part.  [£n/. 

Enier  Poliphron. 

Poliph,  O,  sir,  I  sought  you  :  [loose ; 

You've  miss'd  the  best*  sport !  Hell,  I  think's  broke 
There's  such  variety  of  all  disorders, 
As  leaping,  shouting,  drinking,  dancing,  whoring. 
Among  the  slaves ;  answer'd  with  crying,  howling. 
By  the  citizens  and  their  wives ;  such  a  confusion. 
In  a  word,  not  to  tire  you,  as,  I  think, 
The  like  was  never  read  of. 

Pisan,  I  share  in 
The  pleasure,  though  I'm  absent.    This  is  some 
Revenge  for  my  disgrace. 

Poliph.  But,  sir,  I  fear. 
If  your  authority  restrain  them  not. 
They'll  fire  the  city,  or  kill  one  another. 
They  are  so  apt  to  outrage ;  neither  know  I 
Whether  you  wish  it,  and  came  therefore  to 
Acquaint  you  with  so  much. 

Pisan,  I  will  among  them ; 
But  most  not  long  be  absent. 

Poliph.  At  your  pleasure.  ^Exeunt, 

SCENE  II. — The  same.     Another  Room  in  the  same. 
Shouts  within.     Enter  Cleora  and  Tim andra. 
Timand,  They  are  at  our  gates :  my  heart !  affrights 
and  horrors 
Increase  each  minute.    No  way  left  to  save  us. 
No  flattering  hope  to  comfort  us,  or  means 
But  miracle  to  redeem  us  from  base  Inst 
And  lawless  rapine !  Are  there  gods,  yet  suffer 
Such  innocent  sweetness  to  be  made  the  spoil 


«  You*tfe  mimfd  the  beft  nort  f\  Beet,  which  is  not  in 
Coxcter,  or  M.  Mbmu,  i*  only  found  In  the  first  editk>n ;  it 
wenu  neceitary  to  the  metre. 


104 


THE  BONDMAN. 


(Aerni 


Of  bratish  appetite?  or,  since  thej  decree 
To  ruin  nature's  masterpiece,  of  which  | 

They  have  not  left  onejiattem,  must  they  choose,        i 
To  set  their  tyranny  off,  slaves  to  pollute  ' 

The  spring  of  chastity,  and  poison  it    '  ' 

With  their  most  loath'd  embraces?  and,  of  those. 
He,  that  should  offer  up  his  life  to  guard  it, 
Marullo,  curs'd  Marullo,  your  own  bondman, 
PurchasHl  to  serve  you,  and  fed  by  your  favours?— 
Nay,  start  not :  it  is  he ;  he,  the  grand  coptain 
Of  these  libidinous  beasls,  that  have  not  left 
One  cruel  act  undone,  tliat  barbarous  conquest 
Yet  ever  practised  in  a  captive  city. 
He,  doting  on  your  beauty,  and  to  have  fellows 
in  his  foul  8in.  hath  rais^  these  mutinous  slaves 
Who  htive  begun  the  game  by  violent  rapes 
Upon  the  wives  and  daughters  of  their  lords : 
And  he,  to  quench  the  fire  of  his  base  lust, 
By  force  comes  to  enjov  you  :^-do  not  wring 
Vour  innocent  hands,  tis  bootless ;  use  the  means 
That  may  preserve  you.     'Tis  no  crime  to  break 
A  vow  when  you  are  forced  to  it ;  shew  your  face. 
And  with  the  majesty  of  commanding  beauty, 
Strike  dead  his  loose' affections :  if  that  fail. 
Give  liberty  to  your  tongue,  and  use  entreaties; 
There  cannot  be  a  breast  of  flesh  and  blood. 
Or  heart  so  made  of  flint,  but  must  receive 
Impression  from  your  words ;  or  eyes  so  stem. 
But,  from  the  clear  reflection  of  your  tears. 
Must  melt,  and  bear  them  company.     W' ill  vou  not 
Do  these  good  offices  to  yourself?  poor  I,  tlien. 
Can  only  weep  your  fortune : — here  he  comes. 

Enter  Pisander,  speaking  at  the  door, 

Pi$an,  He  that  advances 
A  foot  beyond  this,  comes  upon  my  dword : 
You  have'  had  your  wavs,  disturb  not  mine. 

Timand,  Speak  gently. 
Her  fears  may  kill  her  else. 

Piian.  Now  Love  inspire  me ! 
Still  shall  this  canopy  of  envious  night 
Obscure  my  suns  of  comfort?  and  those  dainties 
Of  purest  white  and  red,  which  I  take  in  at 
My  greedy  eyes,  denied  my  famish *d  senses? — 
The  organs  of  your  he^iring  vet  are  oi>en  ; 
And  you  infringe  no  vow,  though  you  vouchsafe 
To  give  them  warrant  to  convey  unto 
Your  understanding  parts,  the  story  of 
A  tortured  and  despairing  lover,  whom 
Not  fortune  but  afl'ection  marks  your  slave  :-— 
Shake  not,  b<^st  lady !  for  believe't,  you  are 
As  far  from  danger  as  I  am  from  force: 
All  violence  I  shall  offer,  tends  no  further 
Than  to  relate  m?  sufferings,  which  I  dare  not 
Presume  to  do,  till,  by  some  gracious  sign, 
You  shew  you  are  pleased  to  hear  me. 

Timand.  If  you  are. 
Hold  forth  your  right  hand. 

[Cleoru  holds  forth  her  right  hand, 

Pisan,  So,  tis  done ;  and  I 
With  mv  glad  lips  seal  humbly  on  your  foot. 
My  sours  thanks  for  the  favour :  I  forbear 
To  tell  you  who  I  am,  what  wealth,  what  honours 
I  made  exchange  of,  to  become  your  servant : 
And,  though  I  knew  worthy  Leosthenes 
(For  sure  he  must  be  worthy,  for  whose  love 
You  have  endured  so  much)  to  be  my  rival ; 
When  rage  and  jealousy  counseird  me  to  kill  him. 
Which  then  I  could  have  done  with  much  more  ease, 
Than  now,  jb  fear  to  grieve  you,  I  dare  speak  it. 


Lore,  seconded  with  duty,  boldly  told  me 

The  man  I  hated,  fair  Cleora  favoor'd : 

And'  that  was  bis  protection.  [Cisprs  bmee. 

Timand,  See,  she  bows 
Her  head  in  sign  of  thankfulness. 

Pifan.  He  removed  by 
The  occssioii  of  the  war,  (my  fins  incrcssiDg 
By  being  closed  and  stopp'd  up,)  fnntie  affection 
Prompted  me  to  do  something  in  his  sbsenoe. 
That  might  deliver  you  into  my  power. 
Which  you  see  is  effected ;  and,  even  now. 
When  my  rebellious  passions  chide  my  dulness. 
And  tell  me  how  much  I  abuse  my  fortunes. 
Now  it  is  in  my  power  to  bear  you  hence, 

[CleormUmrt^ 
Or  take  my  wishes  here,  (nay,  fear  not,  madaa. 
True  love  s  a  servant,  brutish  lusts  tyrant,) 
I  dare  not  touch  those  viands  that  ne*er  tastp  well. 
But  when  they're  freely  offer'd :  only  thus  much. 
Be  pleased  I  may  speak  in  my  own  dear  cause. 
And  think  it  worthy  your  consideration, 
( I  have  loved  truly,  cannot  say  deserved. 
Since  duty  must  not  take  the  name  of  merit,) 
That  I  so  far  prise  your  content,  before 
All  blessings  that  my  hope  can  ftshion  to  me. 
That  willingly  1  entertain  despair. 
And,  for  your  sake,  embrace  it :  for  I  know. 
This  opportunity  lost,  by  no  endeavour 
The  like  can  be  recover*d.     To  conclude 
Forget  not  that  I  lose  myself  to  save  you : 
For  what  can  I  expect  but  death  and  torture^ 
The  war  being  ended?  and,  what  is  a  task 
Would  trouble  Hercules  to  undertske^ 
I  do  deny  you  to  myself,  to  give  you, 
A  pure  unspotted  present,  to  my  rivsL 
I  have  said  :  If  it  aistaste  not,  best  of  virgins. 
Reward  my  temperance  with  some  lawful  favour. 
Though  you  contemn  my  peraon. 

[Cleora  fcnee6,  then  pulh  effher  gUfte,  amd 
offers  her  hand  to  Pitander, 

Timand,  See,  she  kneels ; 
And  seems  to  call  upon  the  gods  to  pay 
The  debt  she  owes  your  virtue  :  to  perform  which. 
As  a  sure  pledge  of  friendship,  she  vouchsafes  yon 
Her  fair*  right  hand. 

Pisan,  I  am  paid  for  all  my  sufferings. 
Now,  when  you  please,  pass  to  your  private  obaaaber , 
My  love  and  duty,  faithful  guarda,  ahall  keep  voa 
From  all  disturbance ;  and  when  you  are  sstea 
With  tbinking  of  Leosthenes,  as  a  fee 
Due  to  my  service,  spare  one  aigh  for  me. 

[  Exeunt     Cteara  make*  a  tow  eaurtmy  n  tht 
goes  off: 


SCENE  llI^-^Ths  tame,    A  Room  in  Cleon's  Hmm. 


Enter  Gractulo,  leading  Asorus  in  an  €ipe*8  i 
with  a  chain  about  his  neck  ;    Zakthia  m  Coubca*s 
clothes,  she  bearing  up  her  train, 

Crac,  Come  on,  sir. 

Asot,  Oh  ! 

Grac,  Do  you  grumble  ?  jon  were  ever 
A  brainless  sss  ;  but,  if  this  hold.  111  tesoh  you 
To  come  sloft,  snd  do  tricks  like  so  spe. 
Your  morning's  lesson  :  if  you  miss— 

Asot,  O  no,  sir. 


•  Her  filr  right  kemd.]    I  have  lawrteA  fimr  Ami  te 
Sr«t  qv«rto :  iIm  subteqacut  edllkmt  dropl  It. 


l-r^ 


ficBtvIII.] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


105 


Grac  WbatfortheCBitliBg^iiiiinit    {Ataiui  makes 

MflppM.]  a  rood  beast*. 

Wliat  for  oiuMir,  your  lord  T  [XXmrtt.]    Ezoeeding 

j  wellf.  [go. 

There's  your  xeward.    Not  kiss  your  paw !     So,  so, 

Zant,  Was  erer  ladj,  the  first  day  of  her  honour. 
So  waited  on  ^^  a  wrmlded  crone  1    She  looks  now, 
Withoat  her  painting,  curling,  and  perfumes. 
Like  the  last  day  of  January ;  and  stinks  worse 
Than  a  hot  brache  in  the  dogdays.     Further  offl 
So— stand  there  like  an  image ;  if  you  stir. 
Tin,  with  a  qaarter  of  a  look,  I  call  yon. 
You  know  wnat  follows. 

Orris,  O,  what  am  I  fiillen  to  ! 
But  'tis  a  punishment  for  my  lust  and  pride. 
Justly  retum'd  upon  me. 

Gne.  How  dost  thou  like 
Thy  ladyship,  Zanthia? 

ioHt.  Very  well  -,  and  bear  it 
With  as  mudi  state  as  your  lordship. 

Grae.  Give  me  thy  hand : 
Let  us,  like  conquering  Romans,  walk  in  triumph  t, 
Our  captives  following  :  then  mount  our  tribunals. 
And  make  the  alaTes  our  footstools. 

Zant,  Fine,  by  Jove  ! 
Are  your  hands  clean,  minion  1 

Cons,  Yes,  forsooth. 

2ant.  Fall  off  then.  [duties 

So,  now  come  on ;   and,  having  made  your  three 
Down,  I  ssy— are  you  stiff  in  the  bams? — ^now  kneel, 
And  tie  our  shoe :  now  kiss  it,  and  be  happy^ 
p    Grae,  This  is  state,  indeed. 

ZanU    It  is  such  as  she  taught  me  ; 
A  tickling  itch  of  greatness,  your  proud  ladies 
Expect  from  their  poor  waiters  :  we  have  changed 

She  does  what  she  forced  me  to  do  in  her  reign. 
And  I  must  practise  it  in  mine. 

Grue,  *Tis  justice : 
O!  he 


One  What  far  tkt  CarthoffMemsT  [Aiotas  makes 
.  J».j  For  tUa  word,  which  siKniflet  that  qnick  and 
Crioainf  moCioo  of  the  teeth  and  lipt  which  apes  make  when 
tliejr  mn  Irritated,  and  which  is  fuand  in  both  the  copies, 
the  nodera  cdilofs,  ia  kindness  to  their  readers,  I  suppose, 
have  mmtiksr  Indeed,  they  do  not  teem  to  have  anderstood 
the  kaoionr  of  this  scene,  which,  io  hoth,  especially  in  Mr. 
M.  M aaoo,  b  most  nej;Ugeut]y  printed. 

t  fFhai /br  amrselr  jftmr  lordf  Here  Asoetns  roast  be 
s«i»poeed  to  eonsr  «l(^,  I.  e.  to  leap,  or  rather  tnmble,  in 
token  or  satiaCKtioo.  Oar  ancestors  certainly  excelled  as 
in  the  adncalloo  which  they  cave  to  Uieir  aoianals.    Banks's 

.. ^.  swoasaed  all  that  have  been  broacht  ap  in  the 

.   of  Mr.  Astley;  and  the  apes  of  these  days  are 
clowns  to  their  progenitors.    The  apes  of  Masainger's 
cUae  were  gifted  with  a  pretty  Hnattering  of  politics  and 
phikMophy.    The  widww  Wikl  had  one  of  them  :  *•  He  wookl 
emm  tmtr  fur  all  nqr  Meada,  bat  was  the  dogged'st  thins; 
to  Mj  enemies ;  he  woold  sit  npoa  his  Uil  before  them,  and 
frowB  Ifln  John-a-aapes  when  the  pope  is  named."    The 
Pmrmm'a  Wedttk^.    Another  may  be  found  in  Ram  AUsg: 
**  Men  say  yoaNw  tricks ;  remember,  noble  capuin. 
Ton  akl^  when  I  shafl  shake  my  whip.    Now,  sir. 
What  can  yon  do  for  the  great  Tark  f 
What  can  yoa  do  for  the  Pope  of  Rome  f 
Lol  "^ 

He  stirreth  aot,  be  moreth  not,  he  waggeth  not 
What  casi  yoa  da  for  the  town  of  Geneva,  sirrah  t 

f"  Coftaim  hMs  ttp  his  handr  Ste, 
tone.  Ghmmsfh^hwtd: 

Lst  tu,  Uhs  eoB^neriag  Romans,  watt  la  frfwrnp^]  Grac- 
cnlo  speaks  la  the  spirit  of  prophecy ;  for  the  confweriii^ 
i?awstfas  were  at  thia  tinw  stragriing  with  their  neighbours 
for  a  few  mlaeraUc  hntt  to  hide  their  beads  in ;  and  If  any 


of  stoica  btevti. 


Enter  Cimbrio,  Cleon,  PoLipuaoN,  and  Oltm pia. 

Cimb,  Discover  to  a  drachma. 
Or  I  will  famish  thee. 

CUon.  O  !  I  am  pined  already. 

Cimb.  Hunger  shall  force  thee  to  cut  off  the  brawns 
From  thy  arms  and  thighs,  then  broil  them  on  the 
For  carbonadoes.  [coals 

Polxph,  Spare  the  old  jade,  he's  foundered. 

Grae,  Cut  his  throat  then, 
And  hang  him  out  for  a  scarecrow. 

PoUph.  You  hare  all  your  wishes 
In  your  revenge ,  and  1  have  mine.     You  see 
I  use  no  tyranny :  when  I  was  her  slave. 
She  kept  me  as  a  sinner,  to  lie  at  ber  back 
In  frosty  nights,  and  fed  me  high  with  dainties. 
Which  still  she  had  in  her  belly  again  era  morning , 
And  in  requital  of  those  courtesies. 
Having  made  one  another  free,  we  are  married  ; 
And,  if  you  wish  us  joy,  join  with  us  in 
A  dance  at  our  wedding. 

Gmc,  Agreed  ;  for  £  have  thought  of 
A  most  triumphant  one,  which  shall  express 
We  are  lords,  and  these  our  slaves. 

PoUph.  But  we  shall  want 
A  woman. 

Grae,  No,  here'n  Jane-of-apes  shall  serve  •  ; 
Carry  your  body  swimming — Where's  the  music  ? 

Poliph,  I  have  placed  it  m  yon  window. 

Grae,  Begin  then  sprightlv. 

(Muskt  and  then  a  dance. 

Enter  Pisander  behind, 

PoUjth,  Well  done  on  all  aides  I  I  have  prepared  s 
Let's  drink  and  cool  us.  [banquet ; 

Grae,  A  good  motion. 

Cimb.  Wait  here  i 
You  have  been  tired  with  feasting,  learn  to  fast  now. 

Grae,  III  hbve  an  apple  for  Jack,  and  may  be 

May  fall  to  your  share.  [some  scraps 

[£r«unt  Grae,  Zant.  Cimb,  PoUph.  and  Olymp. 

Ccris,  Whom  can  we  accuse 
But  ourselves,  for  what  we  suffer?  Thou  art  just. 
Thou  all-creating  Power !  and  misery 
Instructs  me  now,  that  yesterday  acknowledged 
No  deity  beyond  my  lust  and  pride. 
There  is  a  heaven  above  us,  that  looks  down 
With  the  eyes  of  justice,  upon  such  as  numbei 
Those  blessings  freely  g^ven,  in  the  accumpt 
Of  their  poor  merits  ;  else  it  could  not  be. 
Now  miserable  I,  to  please  whose  palate 
The  elements  were  ransack'd,  yet  complain'd 
Of  nature,  as  not  liberal  enough 
In  her  provision  of  rarities 
To  sooth  my  taste,  and  pamper  my  proud  flesh. 
Should  wish  in  vain  for  bread. 

Clean.  Yes,  I  do  wish  too. 
For  what  I  fed  my  dogs  with. 

Caris.  I,  that  forgot 
I  was  made  of  flesh  and  blood,  and  thought  the  silk 
Spun  by  the  diligent  worm,  out  of  their  entrails. 
Too  coarse  to  clothe  me,  and  the  softest  down 
Too  hard  to  sleep  on  ;  that  disdain'd  to  look 
On  virtue  bemg  in  rags,  that  stopp'd  my  noes 
At  those  that  £d  not  use  adulterate  arts 
To  better  nature  ;  that  from  those  that  served  me 
£xpected  adoration,  am  made  justly 


*  Grae.  No,  hen^s  Jane^of-apes  shaU  serve  i]  Meaning 
Corisca  :  be  plays  upon  Jach-an-apes,  the  name  he  h4d 
given  to  Asotna. 


106 


IHK  isONDMAN. 


[Act  III. 


The  scorn  of  my  own  bondwoman. 

Asat,  I  am  pnniah'd, 
For  seeking  to  cuckold  mine  own  natural  firther : 
Had  I  beeo  gelded  then,  or  used  myself 
Like  a  man,  I  had  not  been  transform'd,  and  forced 
To  play  an  overgrown  ape. 

Cieon,  I  know  I  cannot  [both ; 

Last  long,  that's  aU  my  comfort.    Come ,  I  forgive 
Tis  in  vain  to  be  angry ;  let  us,  therefore. 
Lament  together  like  friends. 

Pisan.  What  a  true  mirror 
Were  this  sad  spectacle  for  secure  greatness ! 
Here  the^,  that  never  see  themselves,  but  in 
The  glass  of  servile  flattery,  might  behold 
The  weak  foundation  upon  which  they  build 
Their  trust  in  human  frailty.     Happy  are  those. 
That  knowing,  in  their  births,  they  are  subject  to 
Uncertain  change,  are  still  prepared,  and  arm*d 
For  either  fortune  :  a  rare  principle. 
And  with  much  labour,  learn 'd  in  wisdom's  school ! 
For,  as  these  bondmen,  by  their  actions,  shew 
That  their  prosperity,  like  too  large  a  sail 
For  their  small  bark  of  judgment,  sinks  them  with 
A  fore-right  gale  of  liberty,  ere  they  reach 
The  port  they  long  to  touch  at :  so  these  wretches. 
Swollen  with  the  talse  opinion  of  their  worth, 
And  proud  of  blessings  left  them,  not  acquired  ; 
That  did  believe  they  could  with  giant  arms 
Fathom  the  earth,  aud  were  above  their  fates. 
Those  borrow 'd  helps,  that  did  support  them,  van- 

ish'd, 
Fall  of  themselves,  and  by  unmanly  sufTering, 
Betray  their  proper  weakness ,  and  make  known 
Their  boasted  greatness  was  lent,  not  their  own. 

Cteon,  O  for  some  meat !  they  sit  long, 

C<iru,  We  forgot. 
When  we  drew  out  intemperate  feasts  till  midnight; 
Their  hunger  was  not  thought  on,  nor  their  watch- 

ings; 
Nor  did  we  hold  ourselves  served  to  the  height. 
But  when  we  did  exact  and  force  their  duties 
Beyond  their  strength  and  power. 

A$at.  We  pay  for't  now : 
I  now  could  be  content  to  have  my  head 
Broke  with  a  rib  of  beef,  or  for  a  cotfin. 
Be  buried  in  the  dripping  pan. 

Re-enter  Polipmon,  Cimbrio,  Graccvlo,  Zantuia, 
and  Olympia,  drunk  and  quarrelling, 

Cimh,  Do  not  hold  me: 
Not  kiss  the  bride ! 
Poliph,  No,  sir. 

Cimb.  She's  common  good. 
And  so  we'll  use  her. 

Crac,  Well  have  nothing  private. 

Pi$an.  learning  foruxird]  Hold  ! 

Zant,  Here's  Marullo. 

Olymp,  He's  your  chief. 

Cin^,  We  are  equals  ; 
I  will  know  no  obedience. 

Grac.  Nor  superior — 
Nay,  if  you  are  lion-drunk,  I  will  make  one ; 
For  lightly  ever  he  that  parts  the  fray. 
Goes  away  with  the  blows.* 

•  Far  lightly  ever  he  that  parts  tbe/rap, 

Goet  away  with  the  blotCM.i    Lightly  ik  commonly,  usu- 
ally ;  BO  in  7%«  New  Inn  : 

Beau.  What  iuBotcnt,  hair-Tvltted  thin^*,  these  are ; 

Lai.  So  are  all  smatterers.  Insolent  aud  impudent ; 
They  lightty  go  together. 


PiMfi.  Art  thou  mad  too  1 
No  more,  aa  you  respect  me. 

Poiiph,  I  obey,  sir. 

Pitan.  Quarrel  among  yourselves  ! 

Cimb.  Yes,  in  our  wine,  sir. 
And  for  our  wenches. 

Grac.  How  could  we  be  lords  else  1 

Pisan.  Take  heed ;  I've  news  will  cool  this  heat 
Remember  what  you  were.  [and  make  you 

Cimb.  How! 

Pisan.  Send  off  these, 
And  then  TU  tell  you.  ^Zanthia  beats  Carisea. 

Olymp.  This  is  tyranny. 
Now  she  offends  not. 

ZanU  'Tis  for  exercise. 
And  to  help  digestion.      What  is  she  good  for  else  ? 
To  me  it  was  her  language. 

Pisan.  Lead  her  off. 
And  take  heed,  madam  minx,  the  wheel  may  turn. 
Go  to  your  meat  and  rest ;  and  from  this  hour 
Remember  he  that  is  a  lord  to  day. 
May  be  a  slave  tomorrow. 

Ckon.  Good  morality ! 

[Exeunt  Clean,  Asot.  Zant.  Olymp.  and  Coris. 

Cimb,  But  what  would  you  impart  ? 

Pisan.  What  must  invite  you 
To  stand  upon  your  guard,  and  leave  your  feasting  ; 
Or  but  imagine  what  it  is  to  be 
Most  miserable,  and  rest  assured  you  are  so. 
Our  masters  are  victorious. 

AU.  How ! 

Pisan.  Within 
A  day's  march  of  the  city,  flesh'd  with  spoi]. 
And  proud  of  conquest ;  the  armado  sunk  ; 
The  Carthaginiau  admiral,  hand  to  hand, 
Slain  by  Leosthenes. 

Cimb.  I  feel  the  whip 
Upon  my  back  already. 

Grac,  Every  man 
Seek  a  convenient  tree,  and  hang  himself. 

Poliph.  Better  die  once,  than  live  an  age,  to  aiiffer 
New  tortures  every  hour. 

Cimb.  Say,  we  submit. 
And  yield  us  to  their  mercy  1~^ 

Pisan.  Can  you  flatter 
Yourselves  with  such  false  hopes?  Or  dare  rou  think 
That  your  imperious  lords,  that  never  iail'd 
To  punish  with  severity  petty  slips 
^  In  your  neglect  of  labour,  may  be  won 
i  To  pardon  those  licentious  outrages 
\  Which  noble  enemies  forbear  to  practise 
lUpon  tlie  conquer'd  ?  What  have  you  omitted. 
That  may  call  on  their  just  revenge  with  horror. 
And  studied  cruelty  ?  we  have  gone  too  far 
To  think  now  of  retiring ;  in  our  courage. 
And  daring*,  lies  our  safety  ;  if  you  are  not 
Slaves  in  your  abject  minds,  as  in  3rour  fbrtiines. 
Since  to  die  is  the  worst,  better  expose 
Our  naked  breasts  to  their  keen  swords,  and  sell 
Our  lives  with  the  most  advantage,  than  to  trust 
In  a  forestall'd  remission,  or  yield  up 
Our  bodies  to  the  furnace  of  weir  frury; 
Thrice  heated  with  revenge. 

Again,  in  The  Fax  : 

** I  knew  'twould  take  ; 

For  lightly^  they  that  use  themselves  moat  license. 
Are  still  most  Jealous." 
•  '  in  our  courage. 

And  daring,  lies  our  eafeig ;]  The  oU  coplca  read  inaimi : 
but  It  is  an  evident  misprinL 


ScemeIV.] 


THE  BONOB^AN 


107 


One.  Yon  led  ns  on. 

Cimb.  And  'tU  but  justice  you  should  bring  us  off. 

Grac.  And  we  expect  it. 

Pitan,  Hear  then  and  obey  me ; 
And  I  will  either  ssre  you,  or  fall  with  you  : 
Man  the  walls  strongly,  and  make  good  the  ports  ; 
Boldly  deny  their  entrance,  and  rip  up 
Your  grieYances,  and  what  compelled  you  to 
This  {Operate  course :  if  they  disdain  to  hear 
Of  composition,  we  have  in  our  powers 
TlMnr  aged  fathers,  children,  and  their  wires. 
Who,  to  preserve  themaelres,  must  willingly 
Mxke  intercession  for  us.    Tis  not  time  now 
To  talk,  but  do :  a  glorious  end,  or  freedom. 
Is  now  proposed  us ;  stand  resolved  for  either. 
And,  UIdb  good  fellows,  live  or  die  together. 

SCENE  IV.— 71W  Cwnfry  near  Syracuse.      The 
Camp  if  Timoleon. 

BmUr  Leosthekis  and  Tulaooras. 

TIsMg.  I  am  so  iar  from  envy,  I  am  proud 
You  have  outstripp*d  me  in  the  race  of  honour. 
O  'twas  a  glorious  day,  and  bravely  won ! 
Your  bold  performance  gave  such  lustre  to 
Tinu>leon*s  wise  directions,  as  the  army 
Rests  doubtful,  to  whom  they  stand  most  engaged 
For  their  so  great  success. 

Leoft.  The  gods  first  honoured, 
The  glory  be  the  general's ;  'tis  &r  from  me 
To  be  his  rivaL 

TUmag,  Yon  abuse  your  fortune. 
To  entertain  her  choice  snd  gracious  favours 
With  a  contracted  brow ;  plumed  Victory 
Is  truly  painted  with  a  cheerful  look. 
Equally  distant  from  proud  insolence, 
And  base  d^ection. 

LeotL  O  Timagoras, 
You  only  are  acquainted  with  the  cause 
That  loads  my  md  heart  with  a  hill  of  lead ;     [nour 
Whose  ponderous  weight,  neither  my  new-got  ho- 
Assisted  by  the  general  applause 
The  soldier  crowns  it  with*,  nor  all  war's  glories 
Can  lessen  or  remove :  and  would  you  please. 
With  fit  consideration,  to  remember 
How  much  I  wrong'd  Cleora's  innocence 
With  m3r  nsh  doubts ;  and  what  a  grievous  penance 
She  did  impoee  upon  her  tender  sweetness. 
To  pluck  away  the  vulture  jealousy. 
That  led  upon  my  liver ;  you  cannot  blame  me, 
But  caD  it  a  fit  justice  on  myself, 
Thouffh  I  resolve  to  be  a  stranger  to 
The  uonght  of  mirth  or  pleasure. 

Tmag,  You  have  redeemed 
The  forfeit  of  your  fault  with  such  a  ransom 
Of  honourable  action,  as  my  sister 
Must  of  necessity  confess  her  sufferings 

•  71hf  toldkr  erowM  ii  tri/A.]   Thb  ia  a  moch  better 
rearfinc  tli*p  tbe  topliiiticstkNi  of  tbe  modem  editors,  the 


Weigh'd  down  by  your  fidr  merits ;  and,  when  she 

views  you, 
Like  a  triumphant  conqueror,  carried  through 
The  streets  of  Sjrracusa,  the  glad  people 
Pressing  to  meet  you,  and  the  senators 
Contending  who  shall  heap  most  honours  on  you  ; 
The  oxen,  crown'd  with  garlands,  led  before  you. 
Appointed  for  the  sacrifice ;  and  the  altars 
Smoking  with  thankful  incense  to  the  gods : 
l*he  soldiers  chanting  loud  hynms  to  your  praise. 
The  windows  fill*d  with  matrons  and  with  virgins. 
Throwing  upon  your  bead  as  you  pass  by. 
The  choicest  flowers,  and  silently  mvolong 
The  queen  of  love,  with  their  particular  vows. 
To  be  thought  worthy  of  you  ;  can  Cleora 
(Though,  in  the  glass  of  self-love,  she  behold 
Her  best  deserts)  but  with  all  joy  acknowledge. 
What  she  endured  was  but  a  noble  trial 
You  made  of  her  affection  ?  and  her  anger. 
Rising  from  your  too  amorous  cares*,  soon  drenched 
In  Lethe,  ana  forgotten. 

LeotU  If  those  glories 
You  so  set  forth  were  mine,  they  might  plead  for  me ; 
But  I  can  lay  no  claim  to  the  least  honour 
Which  you,  with  foul  injustice,  lavish  from  her 
Her  beauty  in  me  wrought  a  miracle. 
Taught  me  to  aim  at  thugs  beyond  my  power. 
Which  her  perfections  purchased,  and  gave  to  me 
From  her  free  bounties ;  she  inspired  me  with 
That  valour  which  I  dare  not  call  mine  own ; 
And,  from  the  fair  reflexion  of  her  mind. 
My  soul  received  the  sparkling  beams  of  courage. 
Slie,  from  the  magazine  of  her  proper  goodness, 
Stock'd  me  with  virtuous  purposes ;  sent  me  forth 
To  trade  for  honour ;  and,  she  being  the  owner 
Of  the  bark  of  my  adventures,  I  must  yield  her 
A  just  account  of  all,  as  fits  a  factor. 
And,  howsoever  others  think  me  happy. 
And  cry  aloud,  I  have  made  a  prosperous  voynge, 
One  frown  of  her  dislike  at  my  return. 
Which,  as  a  punishment  for  my  fault,  I  look  for. 
Strikes  dead  all  comfort. 

Timag,  Tush  !  these  fears  are  needless ; 
She  cannot,  must  not,  shall  not,  be  so  crueL 
A  free  confession  of  a  fault  wins  pardon. 
But,  being  seconded  by  desert,  commands  it. 
Tbe  general  is  your  own,  and,  sure,  my  father 
Repents  his  harshness ;  for  myself,  I  am 
Ever  your  creature. — One  day  shall  be  happy 
In  your  triumph,  and  your  marriage. 

Least,  May  it  prove  so. 
With  her  consent  and  pardon. 

Timag,  Ever  touching 
On  that  harsh  string !  She  is  your  own,  and  you 
Without  disturbance  seize  on  what's  your  due. 

[ExtunU 


*  RimngJ^om  four  too  amorout  cares.]  The  <dd  eople* 
read  earn,  which  RceraB  merely  an  error  of  the  preat,  for 
care*.  Coxcter,  however,  pnnied  it  ear«,  which,  beinc 
without  any  meaning,  was  corrected  at  random  by  Mr.  M. 
Maaoo  into  fean.  The  correction  was  not  amias;  bat  the 
geanine  word  la  owkmbtcdly  that  which  I  have  givca. 


106 


THE  BONDMAN. 


[Act  IV. 


ACT  IV. 


SCENE  I. — Syracuse.    A  Boom  in  Arcbidamus's 

Houte, 

Enter  Pisandbr  and  Timakdra. 

PiMiu  She  has  ber  health,  then  T 

Timand.  Yes,  sir  ;  and  as  oflea 
As  I  speak  of  you,  lends  attentive  ear 
To  all  that  I  deliver ;  nor  seems  tired, 
Though  I  dwell  long  on  the  relation  of 
Your  sufferings  for  her,  heaping  praise  on  praise 
On  your  unequall'd  temperance,  and  command 
You  hold  o'er  your  affections. 

Pisati.  To  my  wish  : 
Have  you  acquainted  her  with  the  defeature* 
Of  the  Carthaginians,  and  with  what  honours 
Leosthenes  comes  crown*d  home  with? 

Timand,  With  all  care. 

Piian,  And  how  does  she  receive  it? 

Tinuind.  As  I  guess. 
With  a  seeming  kind  of  joy  ;  but  yet  appears  not 
Transported,  or  proud  of  bis  happy  fortune. 
But  when  I  tell  her  of  the  certain  ruin 
You  must  encounter  with  at  their  arrival 
In  Syracusa,  and  that  death,  with  torments, 
Must  fall  upon  you,  which  you  yet  repent  not. 
Esteeming  it  a  glorious  martyrdom, 
And  a  reward  of  pure  unspotted  love, 
Preserved  in  the  white  robe  of  innocence, 
Though  she  were  in  your  power ;  and,  still  spurr'd  on 
By  insolent  lust,  you  rather  chose  to  suffer 
Tne  fruit  untasted,  for  whose  glad  possession 
You  have  call'd  on  the  fury  of  your  lord, 
Than  that  she  should  be  grieved,  or  tainted  in 
Her  reputation 

Pitan,  Doth  it  work  compunction  T 
Pities  she  my  misfortune? 

Timand.  She  ezpress'd 
All  signs  of  sorrow  which,  her  vow  observed. 
Could  witness  a  grieved  heart.    At  the  first  hearing. 
She  fell  upon  her  face,  rent  her  fair  hair, 
Her  hands  held  up  to  heaven,  and  vented  sighs. 
In  which  she  silently  seem'd  to  complain 
Of  heaven's  injustice. 

Pitan.  *Tis  enough  :  wait  carefully. 
And,  on  all  watch 'd  occasions,  contwue 
Speech  and  discourse  of  me :  *tis  time  must  work  her. 

Timand,  I'll  not  be  wanting,  but  still  strive  to 
serve  you.  [Ext*. 

Enter  Poliphron. 
PiMii.  Now,  Poliphron,  the  news  ? 
Poliph,  The  conquering  army 
Is  within  ken. 

Piian.  How  brook  the  slaves  the  object? 

Poliph.  Cheerfully  yet ;  tliey  do  refuse  no  labour, 

*  Have  iroM  aeqtiainied  her  with  the  dereatarc]  The  mo- 
dern editor*  removed  IbU  word  in  favour  of  dtfeatt  and, 
doabUrsa,  applauded  tbeir  labour ;  it  bappens,  bo%»ever,  aa 
io  moat  c«sea  where  they  have  interpoaed,  that  they  might 
have  aoarcd  It  altofether :  for  the  words  are  the  Mme,  and 
iiaed  mdiacrimlnately  by  onr  old  writers :  "  Veqfaidep" 
days  Colcrave,  "  a  d^eat,  or  dtfeatwre  ;"  and,  in  the  second 

Krt  of  ins  dictionary,  he  verbally  repeau  the  expUnatioo. 
lere  Is  mnch  strange  conjecture  on  this  word,  in  the  last 
act  of  The  Comedy  of  Error*:  I  wonder  that  none  of  the 
coromeatatora  shtiuld  light  upon  its  meaning ;  ' 

too  simple  for  tbeir  apprehension. 


And  seem  to  scoff  at  danger ;  'tis  your  presence 

That  must  confirm  them :  with  a  full  consent 

You  are  chosen  to  relate  the  tyranny 

Of  our  proud  masters ;  and  what  you  subscribe  to. 

They  gladly  will  allow  of,  or  hold  out 

To  the  last  man. 

Pisan.  I'll  instantly  among  them. 
If  we  prove  constant  to  ourselves,  good  fortune 
Will  not,  I  hope,  forsake  us. 

Poliph.  Tis  our  best  refuge.  [ExtunU 


I 


-but  it  waa 


SCENE  l\.— Before  the  iniUf  cf  Syracuse. 

Enter  Timoleon,  A  rchidam  vs,  Diph  ilvs,  Lbostb  ekfs, 
TiMAOORAs.  and  eoUiert, 

Timol.  Thus  far  we  are  retum'd  victorious ;  crown'd 
With  wreaths  triumphant,  (famine,  blood,  and  death. 
Banish *d  your  peaceful  confines,)  and  bring  home 
Security  and  peace.    'Tis  therefore  fit 
That  such  as  boldly  stood  the  shock  of  war. 
And  with  the  dear  expense  of  sweat  and  blood 
Have  I'urcbased  honour,  should  with  pleasure  resp 
The  harvest  of  tlieir  toil :  and  we  stand  bound 
Out  of  the  first  file  of  the  best  deservers. 
(I'hough  all  must  be  considered  to  their  merits,) 
To  think  of  you,  Leosthenes,  that  stand. 
And  worthily,  most  dear  in  our  esteem. 
For  your  heroic  valour. 

Archid.  When  I  look  on 
The  labour  of  so  many  men  and  ages. 
This  well-built  city,  not  lone  since  design *d 
To  spoil  and  rapine,  by  the  favour  of 
The  gods,  and  you,  their  ministers,  preserved, 
I  cannot,  in  my  height  of  joy,  but  oner 
These  tears  for  a  glad  sacrifice. 

Diph,  Sleep  the  citizens? 
Or  are  they  overwhelm'd  with  the  ezcett 
Of  comfort  that  flows  to  them? 

Leoit.  We  receive 
A  silent  entertainment. 

Timag.  I  long  since 
Expected  that  uie  virgins  and  the  matrons. 
The  old  men  striving  with  their  age,  the  priests. 
Carrying  the  images  of  their  gods  before  them. 
Should  nave  met  us  with  procession. — Ha!  the  gates 
Are  shut  against  us! 

Archid.  And  upon  the  walls 
Arm'd  men  seem  to  defy  us ! 

Enter  above^  on  the  Walk,  Pisawder,  Pgupbhoii, 
CiMBRio,  Gracculo,  and  the  retU 

Diph.  I  should  know 
These  faces :  they  are  our  slaveoi 

Timag.  The  mystery,  rascals ! 
0))en  tlie  poru,  and  play  not  with  an  anger 
That  will  consume  you. 

TimoL  1  his  is  above  wonder. 

Ardtid.  Our  bondmen  stand  against  «s  I 

Grae.  Some  such  things  [tvm*d 

We  were  in  man's  remembrance.    The  sbiTes  are 
Lords  of  the  town,  or  so — nay,  be  not  angry : 
Perhaps,  upon  good  terms,  giving  security 
You  will  be  quiet  men,  we  mi^  allow  you 
Some  lodgings  in  our  garrets  or  oathousee: 
Your  great  looks  cannot  carry  it. 


SCENS  IL] 


THE  BONDMAN. 


109 


Cimb.  The  truth  is, 
WeVe  been  bold  with  your  wives,  tojr'd  with  your 
daughters 

LeotL  O  my  prophetic  soul ! 

Grac  Rifled  your  chests, 
Been  busy  with  your  wardrobes. 

Timag.  Can  we  endure  this  I 

Least,  Omy  Cleora! 

Grsc  A  caudle  for  the  gentleman  ; 
Hell  die  o'  the  pip  else. 

Tvnag.  Scorn  d  too!  are  yon  tum*d  stone? 
Hold  p&rley  with  our  bondmen !  force  our  entrance. 
Then,  Tillains,  expect 

Tiiiw^  Hold !  you  wear  men's  shapes. 
And  if,  like  men,  you  have  reason,  shew  a  cause 
That  leads  you  to  this  desperate  course,  which  must 
In  your  destruction.  [end 

Orae.  That,  as  please  the  fates ; 
But  we  Touchsafe Speak,  captain. 

Timag,  Hell  and  furies ! 

ArehuL  Bay'd  by  our  own  curs  I 

Cimb,  Take  heed  you  be  not  worried. 

Palij^  We  are  sbiarp  set. 

Cimb.  And  sudden. 

Pitan,  Briefly  thus,  then. 
Since  I  must  speak  for  all ;  your  tyranny 
Drew  us  from  our  obedience.    Happy  those  times 
When  lords  were  styled  fiuhers  of  families, 
And  not  imperious  masters!  when  they  number'd 
Their  senrants  almost  eaual  with  their  sons, 
Or  one  degree  beneath  tnem !  when  their  labours 
Were  cherish'd  and  rewarded,  and  a  period 
Set  to  their  sufferings ;  when  they  did  not  press 
Their  duties  or  their  wills  beyond  the  power 
And  strength  of  their  performance!  all  things  or- 
With  such  decorum  as*  wise  lawmakers,         [der'd 
From  each  well-gorem'd  private  house  derived 
The  perfect  model  of  a  commonwealth. 
Humanity  then  lodged  in  the  hearts  of  men, 
«\nd  thankful  masters  carefully  provided 
For  creatures  wanting  reason.    The  noble  horse. 
That,  in  his  fiery  youth,  from  his  wide  nostrils 
Neigh'd  courage  to  his  rider,  and  brake  through 
Groves  of  opposed  pikes,  bearing  his  lord 
Sefe  to  triumphant  victory;  old  or  wounded. 
Was  set  at  liberty,  and  fn>«d  from  service. 
The  Athenian  mules,  that  from  the  quarry  drew 
Marble,  hew'd  for  the  temples  of  the  eods. 
The  great  work  ended,  were  dismiss'd,  and  fed 
At  tiM  public  cost ;  nay,  faithful  dogs  have  found 
Their  sepulchres ;  but  man,  to  man  more  cruel. 
Appoints  no  end  to  the  sufferings  of  his  slavo ; 
Smoe  pride  stepp*d  in  and  riot,  and  o'ertum*d 
This  goodly  frune  of  concord,  teaching  masters 
To  gloiy  in  the  abuse  of  such  as  are 
Brought  under  tibeir  command;   who,   g^wn  un- 

uaefiil. 
Are  less   esteem*d   than   beasts. — This  you  have 

practised, 
Practised  on  us  with  rigour ;  this  hath  forced  us 
I'o  shake  our  heavy  yokes  off;  and,  if  redress 
Of  these  lust  grievances  be  not  granted  us. 
Well  right  ourselves,  and  by  strong  hand  defend 
What  we  are  now  possess'd  of. 

Grae,  And  not  leave 
One  house  unfired. 


*  ff'Uh  mtk  iaemwm  at  wfsr  IsisweJbgn.]    A$t  in  ihU 
pusage,  has  the  force  of  lAot.    M.  Masom. 
Or  nalwr  there  ii  aa  alUpUs  of  tkaXt  aa  Qm«l. 


Cmh,  Or  throat  uncut  of  those 
We  hare  in  our  power. 

PoUph,  Nor  will  we  fall  alone ; 
You  shall  buy  us  dearly. 

Timag.  O  the  gods ! 
Unheard-of  insolence ! 

TimoL  What  are  your  demands  ? 

Pisan.  A  general  pardon*  first,  for  all  offences 
Committed  in  your  absence.     Liberty 
To  all  such  as  desire  to  make  return 
Into  their  countries ;  and,  to  those  that  stay, 
A  competence  of  land  freely  allottisd 
To  each  man's  proper  use,  no  lord  acknowledged ; 
lastly,  with  your  consent,  to  choose  them  wives 
Out  of  your  families. 

Timag,  Let  the  city  sink  first. 

Leo$L  And  ruin  seize  on  all,  ere  we  subscribe 
To  such  conditions. 

Archid,  Carthage,  though  victorious. 
Could  not  have  forced  more  from  us. 

Least.  Scale  the  walls ; 
Capitulate  after. 

TimoL  He  that  wins  the  top  first. 
Shall  wear  a  mural  wreath.  [£i«unf. 

Pisan.  Each  to  his  place.      [Flourish  and  alarms. f 

Or  death  or  victory '    Charge  mem  home,  and  fear 

not.  [Eieunt  Pisander  and  Slaves. 

Re-enter  Timoleon,  Arcmidamus.  and  Senators. 

TimoL  We  wrong  ourselves,  and  we  are  justlv 
punish'd. 
To  deal  with  bondmen,  as  if  we  encounter'd 
An  equal  enemy. 

Ar^id.  They  fight  like  devils ; 
And  run  upon  our  swords,  as  if  their  breasts 
Were  proof  beyond  their  armour. 

Re-enter  Leosthenes  and  Timagoras. 

Timag.  Make  a  firm  stand. 
The  slaves,  not  satisfied  they  have  beat  us  off. 
Prepare  to  sally  forth. 

TimoL  They  are  wild  beasts, 
And  to  be  tamed  by  policy.    Each  man  take 
A  tough  whip  in  bis  hand,  such  as  you  used 
To  punish  them  with,  as  masters :  m  your  looks 
Carry  severity  and  awe ;  'twill  fright  them 
More  than  your  weapons.    Savage  lions  fly  from  X 
The  sight  of  fire ;  and  these,  that  have  forgut 
That  duty  you  ne'er  taught  them  with  your  swords. 
When,  unexpected,  they  behold  those  terrors 
Advance  d  aloft,  that  tbey  were  made  to  shake  at. 
Twill  force  them  to  remember  what  they  are, 
And  stoop  to  due  obedience. 

Archid.  Here  they  come. 

Enter f  from  the  City,  Cimbrio,  Gbacculo,  and  other 
Slaves, 

Cimb.  Leave  not  a  man  alive ;  a  wound's  but  a 
To  what  we  suffer'd,  being  slaves.  [flea-biting 

*  Pisan.  A  general  pardon,  &c\  It  is  evident,  m>m  the 
unreasonable  nalare  of  these  demands,  that  Pisander  doe* 
not  wish  them  to  be  accepted.  The  last  article,  indeed,  has 
a  reference  to  himself,  Imt  he  icems  desiroos  of  previonsl> 
trying  the  fortune  of  arms.  See,  however,  the  next  scene, 
and  his  defence,  in  the  last  act. 

*  [FUntrUh  and  alarms.]  Flonrish  and  arms,  lays  Mr.  M. 
Mason,  after  Coxeler.  No  degree  of  nonsense  coold  tempt 
him  to  consult  the  old  copies. 

X Savage  lions fyfirom,  Ac.)    A  transient  passion 

for  the  antique  has  here  seised  the  modern  editors :  they 
print  salvage  lions,  &c    It  it  nnlnclilly  a  little  roal-4-pro. 
pofl,  for  the  old  copy  reads  as  I  have  given  iL  (Omitted  in 
j    Ed.  1813). 


110 


THK  BONDMAN. 


r Act  IV, 


Grac.  O,  my  heart ! 
Cimbrio,  what  do  we  see  ?  the  whip !  oor  moAtem*  1 

Ttmmg,  Dare  you  rebel,  slam ! 

[^The  Senators  thake  their  vokipi,  the  Slaves 
throw  away  their  weapons,  and  run  off. 

Cimb.  Mercy !  mercy  !  where 
Shall  we  hide  us  from  their  fiiiy  ? 

Grac.  Fly,  they  follow; 
O,  we  shall' be  tormented  ! 

TimoL  Enter  with  them. 
But  yet  forbear  to  kill  them:  still  remember 
They  are  part  of  your  wealth ;  and  being  disarmed. 
There  is  no  danger. 

Archid,  Let  us  first  deliver 
Such  as  they  have  in  fetters,  and  at  leisure 
Determine  of  their  punishment. 

Leost.  Friend,  to  you 
I  leave  the  disposition  of  what's  mine : 
I  cannot  think  I  am  safe  without  your  sister, 
She  is  only  worth  my  thought ;  and,  till  I  see 
What  she  has  suffer*d,  1  am  on  the  rack, 
And  furies  my  tormentors.  lExeunt, 


SCENE  Xlh — Syracuse.    A  Room  in  Ascbidamuss 
House, 

Enter  Pisander  and  Tim andra. 

Pisan.  I  know  I  am  pursued  ;  nor  would  I  fly. 
Although  the  ports  were  open,  and  a  convoy 
Ready  to  bring  me  off:  the  baseness  of 
lliese  villains,  from  the  pride  of  all  my  hopes, 
Hath  thrown  me  to  the  botiomless  abyss 
Of  horror  and  despair :  had  they  stood  firm, 
1  could  have  bought  Cleora*s  free  consent 
With  the  safety  of  her  father's  life,  and  brother's ; 
And  forced  Leosthenes  to  quit  his  daim. 
And  kneel  a  suitor  for  me  f. 

Timand.  You  must  not  think  [tised. 

What  might  have  been,  bu